Military Review

The Chukavin sniper rifle developed to replace the SVD showed good results when used in the SVO zone.

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The Chukavin sniper rifle developed to replace the SVD showed good results when used in the SVO zone.

The Chukavin sniper rifle (SVCh), sent by the Kalashnikov concern to the zone of a special military operation for operation in combat conditions, showed high accuracy rates. This was announced by the president of the concern "Kalashnikov" Alan Lushnikov.


The SVCh rifle used by Russian snipers in the SVO zone demonstrates higher accuracy than that of the SVD predecessor. According to Lushnikov, this indicator for the microwave is at the level of the sniper rifle of the older SV-98 line. In addition, the SHF has a higher effective range than the SVD.

This is a very good rifle. Of a fundamentally new quality. (...) It allows you to conduct aimed shooting at a distance of up to a kilometer, and the previous version - SVD - up to 800 m. And its accuracy parameters, of course, are significantly better than those of SVD. This is already at the level of the senior sniper line: we still have such a product, it is produced in small quantities - SV-98

- said the head of the concern.

The new Chukavin sniper rifle (SHCh) was developed by the Kalashnikov concern on the instructions of the Ministry of Defense to replace the outdated Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD). For the first time the microwave oven was shown to the public in 2017 at the Army-2017 forum. The rifle was originally available in three calibers - 7,62x54R, 7,62x51 NATO (also known as .308 Win), and .338 Lapua Magnum (8,6x70 mm). At the same time, in the 7,62x54R caliber, the microwave rifle is fully compatible with magazines from the SVD sniper rifle.

The microwave length, depending on the version, ranges from 995 to 1015 millimeters, and the mass is 4,2 kilograms with an empty magazine and a mounted optical sight. Weapon equipped with a barrel length of 410 millimeters. Sighting range - 1000 meters, although some sources indicate 1200.
56 comments
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  1. Konnick
    Konnick 28 December 2022 07: 53
    +11
    This was announced by the president of the concern "Kalashnikov" Alan Lushnikov.

    You do not praise yourself, no one praises.
    1. Argon
      Argon 28 December 2022 08: 27
      -3
      Snipers hunt snipers first, then officers and TDs. The new rifle must be modern. At least with a remote camera, in order to protect the shooter during a sniper duel. Not?
      1. Zorro21
        Zorro21 28 December 2022 08: 43
        +2
        Quote: Argon
        Snipers hunt snipers first

        It is a pity that the kit does not include anti-sniper equipment like SPIN-2. Although you won’t see much from the ground, maybe someone will guess to install it on a quadric, everything is easier than looking for a needle in a haystack.
        1. Zug
          Zug 28 December 2022 10: 53
          0
          What SPIN!? Brother out there is a sniper in the LPR Bars, one for the battalion with SVD! New battalion commander, senior sergeant approached grit: Go and destroy the sniper there. Brother says, how? They have a night light, a thermal imager. and destroy. The answer is go and destroy yourself, the destroyer is m-la. SVD in your hands and do what you like. (Infa five days ago)
          1. vlad2000
            vlad2000 28 December 2022 12: 42
            +3
            your brother is the same sniper as you are a specialist in the army. since when did a senior sergeant in the army become a battalion commander?))
            1. Zug
              Zug 28 December 2022 14: 37
              +1
              That’s why the battalion sergeant is ZERO personnel. And it’s not for you to judge what kind of sniper my brother is. He’s already fighting there for the second business trip.
              1. The comment was deleted.
                1. Zug
                  Zug 29 December 2022 05: 26
                  0
                  Cho, burnt? Don’t get lost, go check it yourself. Or is your husband already fighting there?
      2. Sith
        Sith 28 December 2022 08: 44
        +4
        The remote camera should probably be the brainchild of another department and go as a body kit to a variety of small arms
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. Stas157
      Stas157 28 December 2022 11: 22
      0
      President of the Kalashnikov Concern Alan Lushnikov

      I am very interested in how this person bought the Kalashnikov concern. After all, this is a whole network of factories.

      At first he was a state official. Then he began to work as a singer in a rock group and sing in English ... And then he bought a bunch of factories. Like in a dream!

  2. james
    james 28 December 2022 07: 53
    +9
    The seller said that, but what did the buyer say? Where are customer reviews?
    1. Sebostyuan
      Sebostyuan 28 December 2022 08: 07
      -10
      I think the buyer will make a choice in favor of Lobaev.
      1. hunter shooter
        hunter shooter 28 December 2022 08: 16
        +14
        For the price of these Lobachevsky rifles, you can buy a bundle, and these are essentially different things.
        1. PROXOR
          PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 32
          +7
          Guys. You are comparing the incomparable.
          The Chukaev rifle is a Marksman rifle, i.e. fighter with higher shooting accuracy. than a standard fighter with a machine gun.
          The Lobaev rifle is already sniper shooting. There are distances of 1 km or more.
  3. 28st region
    28st region 28 December 2022 07: 56
    +11
    Excellent rifle. During the war, the main sniper distance is 400 - 500 meters. Everything else is for super masters. SVD, microwave must be in each m / st department. As in the United States, in every squad, the Marksman fills the gap between machine guns and long-range sniper rifles. With long-range sniper rifles, create separate sniper units.
  4. Konnick
    Konnick 28 December 2022 07: 58
    +1
    The SVCh rifle used by Russian snipers in the SVO zone demonstrates higher accuracy than that of the SVD predecessor. According to Lushnikov, this indicator for the microwave is at the level of the sniper rifle of the older SV-98 line. In addition, the SHF has a higher effective range than the SVD.

    Is it with a barrel shorter than that of the SVD by 200 mm and where does 20 percent of the power of the powder charge go to a loud zilch ?. Dvorkovich's henchman does not suffer from low self-esteem. Since the AK-12 has already received real reviews as shit, here they decided to play ahead of the curve. It looks like the chair is shaking under Lushnikov ...
    1. Wedmak
      Wedmak 28 December 2022 08: 53
      +6
      Where did you read about the crappy reviews from the AK-12? They told me otherwise. And a participant in hostilities. There are shortcomings that have already been fixed in new versions, for example, the 2-shot cutoff was removed. Superfluous.
      1. Konnick
        Konnick 28 December 2022 09: 25
        -4
        Where did you read about the crappy reviews from the AK-12?

        At Vladlen in TG. And even more expanded in TG
        https://t.me/razvedosaa
        1. Wedmak
          Wedmak 28 December 2022 09: 35
          +6
          Well, first of all, he doesn't say it's bullshit. He points out some shortcomings. And this does not mean at all that the machine is crap inside and out. AK-47 and 74 also did not become super-convenient, practical, accurate, etc. It has its drawbacks.
          It is necessary not to pour mud on new weapons, but to identify and eliminate its shortcomings. ANY new is always perceived with hostility. Especially if your life depends on it.
          1. Skiff
            Skiff 28 December 2022 11: 48
            -1
            And why this prodigy, which after each cleaning must be shot again, watered with shit, she watered herself enough ...
        2. Konnick
          Konnick 28 December 2022 11: 25
          +1
          For minusers, you can still minus it
          Here from TG, you can refute

          Diopter - when crawling in a plastunsky manner, it is clogged with earth, when it rains, it is drawn in by a water drop. Therefore, you must always carry a picking stick with you, otherwise you will not see luck.

          Layout - the legs would be torn out of the ass by the author of this design decision, but I will be consistent.
          In the forearm of the machine there is a three-piece ramrod, and other cleaning accessories (rubbing, brush, screwdriver and punch) are in the pistol grip.
          To remove the forearm, you need to turn the machine over, see a tiny technological hole, insert a punch into it, press hard - from which the internal spring in the form of a plate is pressed, releasing the cotter pin - and squeeze it out with your finger to the left or right. Then remove the forearm.
          It seems nothing complicated for a person with a higher education, BUT!
          But if the cotter pin is hammered inward without pressing the spring plate with a punch, then the barrel will not be disassembled.
          The whole company faced this, since the people who completed the trunks with disassembled ramrods from spare parts did it in their free time (read at night), using brute force, and not precise knowledge of assembly and disassembly.
          For those who did not understand - the whole company could not dismantle the machines for maintenance.
          As a result, I had to use even more brute force in the form of a hammer and a bolt from an army stool - to knock out a cotter pin like a rivet.

          The machine gun shoots quite accurately, but after maintenance in the field, it is necessary to "grind" the shutter, because otherwise it would become "bolt lag" after every two or three shots.

          One morning, the bolt from the extreme forward position refused to move to the extreme rear - and I had to put the machine gun on the butt and show him well with the heel of his boot who was the boss in the house. At the same time, the day before, he was lovingly cleaned and oiled.

    2. Genry
      Genry 28 December 2022 09: 31
      +9
      Quote: Konnick
      Is it with a barrel shorter than that of the SVD by 200 mm and where does 20 percent of the power of the powder charge go to a loud zilch ?.

      The speed of the bullet in this area (200mm as you say) is already very high and the time of exposure to gas pressure on the bullet is no more than about a couple of percent.
      Most likely, the length of the microwave shaft was chosen by experimental shooting.
      And the reduced barrel length is less susceptible to resonant vibrations, which is likely to improve accuracy.
      1. Alex777
        Alex777 28 December 2022 11: 28
        +1
        The nonsense about the 410 mm barrel is already tired of reading.
        This is a civilian trunk.
      2. Konnick
        Konnick 28 December 2022 11: 29
        0
        Most likely, the length of the microwave barrel was chosen by experimental shooting

        The barrel length was chosen a long time ago, it is the same for the 7,62x51 cartridge, for the mosquito, for the SVT-40, for the ABC-36, and for the SVD with the same barrel length. Generational experience.
  5. YOUR
    YOUR 28 December 2022 08: 00
    +2
    The new Chukavin sniper rifle (SHCh) was developed by the Kalashnikov concern on the instructions of the Ministry of Defense to replace the outdated Dragunov sniper rifle (SVD).

    What is outdated? Let's hope that the microwave is a worthy replacement for the SVD and will serve in the army for no less time.
    1. faiver
      faiver 28 December 2022 08: 15
      +2
      What is outdated?
      - wooden butt and fore-end .... bully
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 34
        +5
        My friend. It looks like you haven't woken up in a long time.

        SVDM, which is still being delivered to combat units.
        1. faiver
          faiver 28 December 2022 14: 25
          0
          this is how we and Almaty enter the troops, and 70% of our army has new weapons (according to the minister) ....
      2. YOUR
        YOUR 28 December 2022 09: 38
        +1
        How does this affect the accuracy of shooting?
    2. hunter shooter
      hunter shooter 28 December 2022 08: 20
      -3
      It became obsolete only in terms of the possibility of tuning, and also in terms of accuracy due to the gas engine. But the new rifle has not shown itself yet. She has no reputation.
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 35
        +1
        COME ON! Are you sure?))))))))))))))))
      2. YOUR
        YOUR 28 December 2022 11: 39
        +2
        Tuning .... everything is thrown away except for iron, and then as far as imagination and finances allow, and so on with any rifle. Even from SCS they manage to make natural blasters, from RPD they do something not real.
        What's wrong with a gas engine? Why does accuracy suffer because of it? What then is needed.
    3. Romanenko
      Romanenko 28 December 2022 09: 01
      +6
      Conceptually, the SVD is outdated, it is still quite a decent rifle, but in fact the microwave is just a new generation, developed precisely taking into account the accumulated experience of using the SVD.
      The microwave has a lot of details inherited from the SVD, simply because you don’t have to try to do something better than a good one, but in general, completely different rifles.
      And the microwave is quite a worthy successor to the glory of the previous generation.
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 38
        +2
        There is only one cornerstone problem of domestic high-precision rifles - AMMUNITION. Well, we don’t really have a 7,62 * 54 sniper cartridge. More precisely, as it is, but in combat units during the day with fire. That is why our guys are forced to take rifles under the 308th under the 338th.
        Even Lobaev and Orsis are made for imported sniper cartridges.
        1. Wedmak
          Wedmak 28 December 2022 09: 45
          0
          By the way, Lobaev is threatening to put the domestic 408 (and 375) Cheytac on stream.
        2. Romanenko
          Romanenko 28 December 2022 10: 07
          +1
          Yes, 7,62x54 sniper cartridges are produced, but it is very difficult to find them, which is why the results of shooting with a "regular" machine-gun cartridge are not high.
          However, their purpose is quite different.
          I heard many times that they say the rifle "Orthodox" cartridge is archaic and a dinosaur in the flesh.
          There is such a thing, and of course a flange sleeve for automatic weapons is not the best option, and it clings in stores, but we are dealing with the fact that there are simply enormous stocks of cartridges for PCs and somewhere in this mountain there are more accurate sniper ones made for SVD and them, against the background of the rest of the volume, are few.
          The conclusion is simple, of course, the army needs to switch to a more modern 7,62 caliber ammunition, while a whole program of gradual transition is needed, and now is not the best time for this, so far we have to adapt new weapons for 308 WIN and 338 LM, although the last ammunition is of course interesting in and of itself. No wonder Vlad Lobaev uses it in his weapon.
  6. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 28 December 2022 08: 08
    +4
    Soon, under such articles, "advertising" will be written in small letters and comments will be banned.
  7. Pavel57
    Pavel57 28 December 2022 08: 10
    +1
    Barrel length, like AKM. It won't be enough.
  8. Konnick
    Konnick 28 December 2022 08: 10
    -3
    Due to the too loud shooting and brighter flash than the SVD, it can only be used with DTM, and not as in the photo in the title of the article, and the barrel is too short.
    1. Konnick
      Konnick 28 December 2022 08: 47
      0
      Sealed - not DTM, but the muzzle brake DTK compensator
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 39
        +1
        Yes, the jar will be screwed as usual, so that when fired with a flash, it does not burn.
  9. faiver
    faiver 28 December 2022 08: 17
    +1
    somehow I don’t believe in this brochure, but this is my personal ...
  10. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 28 December 2022 08: 32
    +1
    and the previous version - SVD - up to 800 m
    As far as I remember from the school, the aiming range of the SVD with an open sight is 1200 m, and with an optical one - 1300.
    1. PROXOR
      PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 40
      +1
      Well, this is only if the Chukchi can. Which squirrel in the eye.
      1. vlad2000
        vlad2000 28 December 2022 12: 54
        -2
        well, then any soldier trained and with constant practice of shooting can be Chukchi. with a svd without optics at 1000m, a round automobile road sign is calmly amazed. personally verified.
    2. Diverxnumx
      Diverxnumx 28 December 2022 10: 17
      0
      Formally yes. But the speed of transition to subsonic for a bullet of a 7,62x54 cartridge is 800+ meters. With the reverse transition of the sound barrier, accuracy is radically reduced. Therefore, it is possible to shoot at 1300m from an SVD, but a hit is more luck than a pattern.
    3. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 28 December 2022 13: 39
      0
      Quote: rotmistr60
      and the previous version - SVD - up to 800 m
      As far as I remember from the school, the aiming range of the SVD with an open sight is 1200 m, and with an optical one - 1300.
      Apparently, these data are from the aiming bar, and not the effective range:
      SVD

      AK-74

      Mosinka (three-ruler)
    4. Romanenko
      Romanenko 28 December 2022 16: 23
      +1
      It will fly easily, and everything else will work out
  11. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 28 December 2022 08: 33
    +3
    Mdaaa...! But, it seems like recently, a certain comrade here on VO criticized ento rouge! negative Will he give up himself or will he have to search to take him out into the open field ... put him against the wall and shoot with angry expressions ten times!? angry Although ... maybe the "critic" has reasonable reasons for confusion? Well, for example, such ...The opinions of specialists in the weapons business regarding the Izhevsk novelty were divided. Many experts doubted the microwave characteristics, and there are several objective reasons for this. The main one is the length of the trunk of the Chukavin invention. According to this indicator, she loses even to her older sister in the assembly line - SVD.

    The SVD barrel has a length of 550 millimeters. The same parameter for microwave is 410 millimeters. Here, the defenders of the novelty have essentially nothing to cover - physics and ballistics cannot be got anywhere. No high-tech "radial pressing" can change this situation.

    Or such remarksthe new sniper rifle has many analogues abroad. However, in Western armies, such weapons are not classified as sniper weapons in the usual sense of the word. Such weapons belong to high-precision rifles. They are also often referred to as "Marksman".
    But there is also a positive opinion of experts ....The gun has a very low weight - only 4200 g, which is much less than that of similar products. This is achieved by using light aluminum alloys in the design,

    Another advantage is the Picatinny rail in the entire length of the receiver, which allows you to fix any attachments - laser and optical sights, night vision devices and much more. The stock and bore are on the same axis. This reduces the upward movement of the barrel when fired and increases the accuracy of the battle.

    Ease of maintenance and cleaning is noted. Now, to access the trigger device, it is enough to break the box. When disassembling, the optics mounted on top will never go astray, therefore, there is no need to control the accuracy of the shot after cleaning.

    In addition, the novelty has an additional set of useful "gadgets". This is a folding buttstock with adjustable cheekpiece, manual gas regulator and safety, located in an intuitive location.
    1. Konnick
      Konnick 28 December 2022 09: 00
      +1
      The SVD barrel has a length of 550 millimeters. The same parameter for the microwave is 410 millimeters

      To clarify, 550 mm is only a rifled part. And so the total length of the SVD barrel is 620 mm., For SVT-40, the length is 625 mm, for ABC-36, 612 mm. And this is the optimal barrel length for the 7,62x51 cartridge, which allows you to use the full power of the cartridge.
      1. PROXOR
        PROXOR 28 December 2022 09: 42
        0
        SVT-40 chambered for 7,62*51?! Right?
        1. Konnick
          Konnick 28 December 2022 11: 33
          0
          Ochepyatka, of course, all our rifles are under 7,62x54. The gist of the commentary is the same.
    2. Askold65
      Askold65 28 December 2022 16: 54
      0
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      Or such remarks, the new sniper rifle has many analogues abroad. However, in Western armies, such weapons are not classified as sniper weapons in the usual sense of the word. Such weapons belong to high-precision rifles. They are also often referred to as "Marksman".

      This is true. Such rifles should be in service in the "combat troika" according to the experience of the Chechen company: sniper - machine gunner - grenade launcher. Only, probably, the sight in the photo, for such a rifle of the front line, is somewhat too big. We need a more compact sight of small magnification.
    3. Romanenko
      Romanenko 29 December 2022 14: 33
      0
      Quote: "The barrel of the SVD has a length of 550 millimeters. The same parameter for the microwave is 410 millimeters. Here, the defenders of the novelty have essentially nothing to cover - physics and ballistics cannot be avoided. No high-tech "radial pressing" can change this situation"
      Physics and ballistics both internal and external, very fastidious ladies.
      Here, one barrel length alone will not win the competition in the accuracy of the shot.
      For example, having gone aside, Vintorez is also a high-precision weapon, albeit with a limited range of use.
      At the same time, it works at subsonic and the barrel length is only 200 mm.
      The ratio of factors, starting with the twist and the principle of imparting rotation to the bullet, the materials of the ammunition and the barrel, the thickness of the barrel, its design, the method and principle of installing the barrel, the method of locking the barrel, the mass of the sample and the grade of gunpowder, and of course the elongation of the barrel in calibers, all this in a complex plays a big role in the end on the accuracy and range of the shot.
      Therefore, I advise you not to be very upset looking at the number 410, this only speaks of the specific length of the microwave barrel in millimeters.
  12. Galleon
    Galleon 28 December 2022 08: 42
    -2
    And what else would a merchant from a private enterprise say about testing his product? Why ask him about it at all? What did the soldiers say?? Why are their voices not heard?
  13. I dare to_notice_
    I dare to_notice_ 28 December 2022 10: 12
    -2
    Best the enemy of the good. (ancient engineering maxim)
  14. AKsvlad047
    AKsvlad047 28 December 2022 11: 24
    0
    The good news is that there is a new product for the army, but how to use it and how to refine it, I think the military will decide after some time the product has been tested in the troops.