Military Review

Helicopters Mile


The helicopter experimental design bureau, headed by Mikhail Leontyevich, was formed in 1947 by decision of the interdepartmental commission. The team of the OKB was tasked to create an easy, reliable helicopter (as well as the OKB AS Yakovlev and NI Kamov). To accomplish the task, the Milovets needed just a year and in the 1948, the single-rotor Mi-1 helicopter had already taken off. With a hp 575 piston engine. designs A.G. Ivchenko he developed the speed of 190 km / h with a take-off weight of 2500 kg. The flight range of the Mi-1 exceeded 600 km. On this machine, the Soviet pilots set a world record 23 (later, a Mi-1 gas turbine helicopter, which was produced in Poland under license, was created on the basis of the Mi-2).

In 1951, the Americans successfully used helicopters to land the amphibious assault forces immediately beyond the line of coastal fortifications, and later on to provide all-round support and equipment for the assault, evacuate the wounded, and so on. The helicopter design bureau M.L. was also commissioned to create a helicopter exceeding foreign models of carrying capacity and the ceiling. Mile This machine was the Mi-4, the first flight of which took place in the 1952 year. With a take-off weight of up to 7800 kg, it could lift a weight of 1600 kg. High-altitude engine A.D. Shvetsov ASH-82 power 1700 hp allowed him to reach speeds of 180 km / h. The machine was equipped with equipment for blind and night flights. In the cargo compartment of the Mi-4, 16 paratroopers or a Gaz-69 car could be accommodated. Seven world records show the potential of this car.

In the 50-ies, the Mil Design Bureau paid much attention to improving the reliability of helicopters. In particular, the life of the blades was increased to 1000 hours, and the tail rotor design created at that time served almost unchanged until the 70-s.

The next car, the Mi-6, opened the era of helicopters with a gas turbine powerplant. In 1957, the Mi-6 lifted 12 tons of cargo to a height of 2432 m, twice the record of the American S-56. Mi-6 is able to lift into the air any western helicopter of that time with full load. For twelve years, not a single western helicopter could compare with him. At its base, the Mi-10 Crane Helicopter was created, which could transport twelve ton loads up to 20 m in length to 250 km. On one of its modifications, the capacity record was set - 25,1 tons to 2840 m. The American S-56 lifted all 8,5s.

One of the most popular and reliable cars of Milevtsev was the gas-turbine Mi-8 medium helicopter. It surpassed its predecessor Mi-4 in payload by 2,5 times, in speed - by 1,4 times. It was set six world records. These machines are still in service today in airborne, transport and airborne combat variants. According to American pilots of Lockheed and Bell firms, the Mi-8 surpasses the similar American S-61 helicopter not only in flight performance, but also in comfort and reliability.

At the beginning of the 80-ies, the Mi-8 was equipped with new TV3-117М turboshaft engines with an 1900 hp takeoff power. and improved other elements of its design. The speed of the Mi-17, the new vehicle received this name, increased to 250 km / h, the ceiling to 5000 m, the range to 500 km (with a normal take-off weight of 11000 kg). Load capacity of the "seventeenth" - more than 4000 kg. Due to the presence of the auxiliary power unit Mi-17 can be operated independently.

The final machine M.L. Mile became a helicopter giant Mi-12 (B-12). 6 August 1969, he raised to a height 2250 m weight 40150 kg. Well-known designer I.Sikorsky said about B-12 after acquaintance with him at the Paris Air Show: "... before engineering and technical achievement, which is B-12, you can only take off your hat."

In 1977, the new helicopter helicopter Mi-26 took off. It is able to transport various large cargoes weighing up to 20 t inside the fuselage over long distances. For comparison, today the largest “western” helicopter CH-53Е can lift cargo of weight in 14,5 t, but it can only be transferred a short distance.

In 1970, the OKB was headed by M.N. Tishchenko. Under his leadership, work was completed on the first Soviet combat helicopter Mi-24. His appearance, and then the successful application in various military conflicts caused an avalanche of publications in the West. Otherwise, as a new "formidable force" of the Soviets, it was not mentioned. And no wonder. For a long time, he had no equal in weaponry, booking and flight speed. On one of its modifications an absolute speed record was set for the helicopter - 367 km / h. Even the appearance of the Mi-24 causes admiration for the perfection of its forms and hidden power. A worthy successor to his fame was the new machine of the Moscow Helicopter Plant. M.L. The mile, which was created under the leadership of M. Weinberg.

Milevtsy and created the smallest domestic helicopter Mi-34. Its take-off weight is only about 1000 kg. According to its characteristics, this helicopter is not inferior to its eminent Western counterparts, and even surpasses many of them.

Altogether, helicopters with the Mi brand known all over the world established more than 86 official records, and the helicopters themselves are operated in almost 40 countries of the world.

The editorial board of Voenniy Obozreniye urgently needs a proofreader. Requirements: impeccable knowledge of the Russian language, diligence, discipline. Contact: [email protected]

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  1. avt
    avt 19 January 2013 09: 54 New
    GREAT designer, for MI-8 only, he needs a full-length gold monument !!! hi
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 19 January 2013 22: 54 New






  2. Professor
    Professor 19 January 2013 10: 06 New
    Where's the sequel? Forgot Mi-28?
    1. Chicot 1
      Chicot 1 19 January 2013 11: 27 New
      Or maybe it's good that they forgot, dear Professor... And then, as practice shows, the flattering mention of the "Night Hunter" causes rejection in the ranks of the "Alligator". And then the whole discussion goes to the target of "Mi-28 vs Ka-52" ...
      By the way, I myself am one of these, from the Alligatorians ... am
      1. Professor
        Professor 19 January 2013 11: 31 New
        By the way, I myself am one of these, from the Alligatorians ...

        And me too, but it is not worth mentioning the Mi-4 and "forget" the Mi-28. request
        1. Zerstorer
          Zerstorer 19 January 2013 13: 01 New
          Hello Professor!
          Well, in general, the Mi-4 is much more important for the design bureau than the Mi-28. It was the Mi-4 that "taught" the design bureau how to design helicopters. About the Mi-1 Mil said: "Fools are lucky." So we must not forget the Mi-4.
          1. Professor
            Professor 19 January 2013 13: 09 New
            I’m not asking to replace the lighting of the Mi-4 with the Mi-28, but "not to notice the elephant" is somehow strange.
            1. stranik72
              stranik72 19 January 2013 17: 01 New
              The elephant in your context, it is Mi-6, Mi-10, Mi-24 and Mi-26, believe the Mi-28 compared to those design and technological decisions that were taken during the implementation of these projects, it's just their derivative.
          2. stranik72
            stranik72 19 January 2013 16: 57 New
            If there wasn’t Mi-1, there wouldn’t be Mi-4 and so on in the work of the designer, like the athlete's training and experience hard work, a little luck and a bit of talent can achieve significant results.
      2. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 19 January 2013 12: 32 New
        Chicot 1
        I have a nodding acquaintance from the Elbit, he saw the Ka-50 in Turkey. According to him, as a former Air Force technician officer, this machine has a potential that cannot be compared with any Western concert. Only the avionics at the beginning of 2000 were not brilliant.
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 19 January 2013 21: 14 New
          Well this is a completely different story and another company
  3. camcos
    camcos 19 January 2013 15: 31 New
    I would really like mi34 to really go into the series.
    1. avt
      avt 19 January 2013 17: 10 New
      Quote: camcos
      I would really like mi34 to really go into the series.

      Alas .......... no matter how regrettable, but it seems this car was leaked! request For the sake of Eurocopter sad
      1. stranik72
        stranik72 19 January 2013 22: 44 New
        Yes, no, not for the sake of pleasure, but out of thought, there is a lot left even today of modern technology. Well, the lack of funds, primarily financial, to develop an engine for it or to purchase a license for
        production, and the resumption of production of a helicopter, also requires large funds .. Today it is cheaper to buy in the west, which is what they did. Probably not "just like that".
  4. e-froloff
    e-froloff 19 January 2013 16: 08 New
    The main thing is that there was an order from the state, then there will be helicopters.
  5. Humpty
    Humpty 19 January 2013 18: 21 New
    Hats off to the creators and crews of the Mi 8s. But I want the helicopters to fly more confidently in difficult weather conditions.
  6. Algor73
    Algor73 19 January 2013 21: 52 New
    With the collapse of the Soviet Union, helicopter and aircraft manufacturing practically did not develop. The developments of the past will be improved. All "stellar" achievements in this area occurred at that time. Such was the power, the strength! A little more and it will not be able to compete
  7. He is
    He is 19 January 2013 22: 24 New
    Sixteen years flying on MI-8! Low bow to the constructor!