Military Review

Hidden booking medical vehicle LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB

Hidden booking medical vehicle LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB
LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB with hidden armor

The Shvabe holding from the state corporation Rostec is actively engaged in the medical field. In particular, special medical vehicles are being developed, incl. designed to work in difficult conditions. Recently, the holding has introduced several new machines of this kind, designed to work in the field. The protected medical vehicle on the Niva Legend platform attracted the most attention.

Exhibition exhibits

Since last year, the Shvabe-SpetsAvto company (Nizhny Novgorod) has been operating as part of the Shvabe holding. It is engaged in the development and manufacture of special vehicles for various purposes. To date, the company has managed to participate in several major exhibitions and presented interesting samples.

At the exhibitions of this summer, incl. at the Army-2022 forum, the company for the first time showed the Niva KUB NN multi-purpose minivan and the Niva Prima NN ambulance. Both of these products were made on the basis of the Niva Legend car from VAZ. It was reported that such vehicles can be used by the medical service of the armed forces and are suitable for work in the field.

On December 5-9, the exhibition "Russian Health Care Week-2022" was held at the Moscow Expocentre. The Shvabe-SpetsAvto company took part in it and showed several new developments. The central place in its exposition was occupied by ambulances and medical vehicles adapted to work in difficult conditions, incl. off-road and at the risk of shelling.

One of these exhibits was a hidden armored medical vehicle LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB, a further development of the previously shown Kub-NN. Like its predecessor, the new vehicle is intended for the evacuation and transportation of the wounded, accompanied by a medic. She is able to move on the highway and off-road. This provides for ballistic protection of habitable compartments and vital units, allowing you to work in hazardous areas.

A new line of medical vehicles from Shvabe-SpetsAvto

The armored Niva, like several other similar models, was created against the backdrop of the ongoing Special Operation in Ukraine and taking into account the needs of the army's medical service. The development company notes that current events pose special challenges for the industry, and they are successfully solved.

The prospects for the new car remain unknown. Probably, while there is only one copy, assembled for exhibition and demonstration to potential customers. However, after receiving the order, Shvabe-SpetsAvto will be able to quickly set up production at the required pace and in the required quantities.

Technical features

The special car Niva Legend 4x4 KUB is based on the chassis of the same name. The base machine retains a number of key components and assemblies, but a major design change and the introduction of new elements are envisaged. In one way or another, the chassis is being finalized, a new van is installed instead of the rear part of the body, armor is mounted, etc. It is curious that the installation of protection has practically no effect on the exterior of the car - it is as similar as possible to the previously presented KUB NN product.

The Kub-NN project provided for the preservation of a standard power plant with a VAZ gasoline engine with a capacity of 87 hp. The old mechanical transmission with all-wheel drive is also used. The design of the chassis does not fundamentally change. With all this, the new van body required to lengthen the chassis and increase the wheelbase.

A three-volume bonneted van body is used, made using some parts of the serial Niva. The driver's cab and the lounge for the wounded are separated by a partition. Both volumes are thermally insulated and air conditioned.

Unlike previous special vehicles, the new Niva Legend 4x4 KUB gets protection. The driver's cab and interior, engine shield, fuel tank and battery are covered with steel armor with protection level Br3 - from 5,45-mm automatic bullets or shrapnel with equivalent energy. All armor parts are installed discreetly, under the body panels.

Protected vehicle based on MAZ-365022

The van layout allows you to get the maximum possible volume of the rear cabin to accommodate patients and doctors. The cabin provides for the installation of a stretcher or wheelchair, as well as comfortable chairs. The car transports various equipment and medicines for first aid. The possibility of transporting up to four patients, probably sedentary, is declared. The available space is enough for only one bedridden person with accompaniment.

Access to the salon is provided by a door on the starboard side and a swing door in the stern. It is noted that the Niva Legend chassis has a limited clearance, which reduces the floor height and simplifies landing or loading, incl. in difficult conditions.

According to available data, the total mass of the armored vehicle exceeds 1,6 tons, which is significantly higher than that of the base commercial vehicle. At the same time, the preservation of high running characteristics is declared. The maximum speed on the highway exceeds 100 km / h, the car is able to move off-road and overcome various obstacles. Probably, due to the increase in mass, the medical vehicle is inferior to the base Niva Legend in cross-country ability.

For the front and for the rear

A new line of covert armor medical vehicles, including the LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB product, was developed to equip the vehicle fleet of the medical service of the armed forces and other law enforcement agencies. Probably, the manufacturer has already presented this technique to military doctors and is waiting for their decision. What it will be is too early to say. However, it is clear that the new design has both strengths and weaknesses.

The most important feature of the new project is the use of a serial commercial platform. This seriously simplifies production, and also allows obtaining sufficiently high technical characteristics. Also, unification has a positive effect on the operation, maintenance and repair of equipment. In addition, the training of drivers and technical personnel is simplified in a known manner.

Products "Shvabe"

On a modified serial chassis, it was possible to install a voluminous van with comfortable accommodation for people and the necessary equipment. At the same time, habitable compartments receive protection from widespread small arms weapons and some explosive devices. It is noteworthy that the appearance of the Niva Legend 4x4 KUB does not indicate the presence of protection.

However, you can also find disadvantages. So, "Niva" is constantly criticized for insufficient engine power. In the case of a heavier medical vehicle, these problems can manifest themselves more clearly, especially off-road. The characteristics of the engine also limit the possible load capacity. As a result, relatively thin armor is used, protecting only against machine guns. Installing a more powerful protection without loss in other characteristics is virtually impossible.

It is unlikely that the proposed machine will be able to work effectively at the forefront, which is characterized by bad roads or rough terrain, as well as constant shelling from the enemy. However, LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB can be used in the near rear, where the risks of shelling are reduced, but still remain relevant.

It is under such conditions that it will be possible to realize all the advantages of an operational nature, as well as reduce the negative impact of objective limitations and shortcomings. At the forefront, in turn, other vehicles with higher performance characteristics, such as the Lens serial armored car, should work. The presence of several models of equipment with different capabilities will allow you to create a more efficient system of evacuation and assistance, which has an advantageous ratio of different parameters.

New designs

Thus, by now, the already considerable catalog of Shvabe-SpetsAvto products has been replenished with several armored medical vehicles. They are able to work in combat zones and carry out the evacuation of the wounded, reducing additional risks. With all this, the new technology is built on existing platforms, which provides well-known advantages.

As far as we know, so far the LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB exists only as a prototype for testing and exhibitions. It is very likely that in the near future he will be of interest to potential customers and go into series. As a result, military doctors will have another useful machine that can positively affect the results of their work.
Photos used:
"Rostec", "Shvabe-SpetsAvto"
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  1. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 9 December 2022 05: 45
    45 year old nuclear industry, still working ... far from retirement ...
  2. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 9 December 2022 05: 58
    UAZ tablet/loaf is indispensable.
    With dimensions similar to this craft, a completely different carrying capacity / capacity, throughput, strength.
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 9 December 2022 21: 11
      Yeah. And zero armor with wood as part of the structure. Unlike this one, though far from the best, but relatively mass machine.
      1. VicktorVR
        VicktorVR 10 December 2022 09: 50
        Where did you see armor in a mass car? laughing
        Armor in a single copy, in which even the body had to be redrawn. What will the suspension and transmission of a "mass" machine say for permanent operation with an upper load limit?

        Who prevents to install similar protection on the "tablet"?
        At the same time, the stock of even the nominal load capacity will remain much larger than that of this craft. And even more actual.
        Farmers in a tadpole under a ton of potatoes are loaded and its rod along the dribens.

        Yes, constructively, the tablet is outdated, but the concept itself is quite relevant
        1. Blackgrifon
          Blackgrifon 10 December 2022 12: 04
          50 armored vehicles per month is already massive. They promise to put armor on all these armored vehicles. And this is a good ersatz solution (more precisely, not the worst). It can be better, because our industrial system can still pull a lot of things even now - from analogues of geraniums (albeit worse) to armored cars (the same GAZ or our stupid VAZ can be loaded).

          And the loaves are not just outdated - UAZ put a bolt on them for 40 years, otherwise the poor quality cannot be explained. And their concept, IMHO, is better then, comrade, to implement on Sadko or Lawns.
    2. edatlt
      edatlt 20 January 2023 17: 52
      That's right, in a loaf you can easily fit at least 2 recumbent
      But in the field behind, even one healthy sedentary adult will not fit

      And to book that cornfield, that UAZ is the same

      But the essence of this development is not in helping, but in the useless work of some thread of the bureau, PR against the backdrop of SVO, and receiving awards
  3. Garm
    Garm 9 December 2022 06: 15
    In my opinion, they crossed the incompatible, the old engine will not pull from the field - additional weight.
    1. Wildcat
      Wildcat 9 December 2022 06: 56
      It seems that the engine was installed more powerful, but you can’t get away from a small volume ... And there will be trouble with cross-country ability ... Just "hug and cry." It's better to finish the "loaf" like that.
    2. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 9 December 2022 11: 17
      The geometry of the car is not much different from Largus, why suddenly the engine can not cope? 90 horses on Largus seem to be enough.
  4. KCA
    KCA 9 December 2022 06: 24
    In Soviet times, LUAZ front-end conveyors were made, so not only did they not have reservations, they didn’t even have a roof, it’s good if it was canvas, on some models there weren’t even doors
  5. ARIONkrsk
    ARIONkrsk 9 December 2022 06: 54
    The Niva is barely moving, and then the armor was hung on all the same 87 hp, it’s still barely crawling along the road, then it’s probably sadness along the crossroads, and the motor resource with such a mass is small.
    1. Hagen
      Hagen 9 December 2022 07: 45
      Quote from ARIONkrsk
      The Niva is barely moving, and then the armor was hung on all the same 87 hp.

      At the same time, the phrase ".... the preservation of high driving performance is declared." sounds like a mockery of the abilities of the Russian auto industry and the lack of imagination of their designers.
  6. faiver
    faiver 9 December 2022 10: 01
    useless show car, nothing more, worked at the ambulance depot. Maximum use in urban or rural environments with acceptable road infrastructure.....
  7. Blue fox
    Blue fox 9 December 2022 10: 50
    If we are talking about what
    It is unlikely that the proposed machine will be able to work effectively at the forefront, which is characterized by bad roads or rough terrain, as well as constant shelling from the enemy. However, LADA Niva Legend 4x4 KUB can be used in the near rear, where the risks of shelling are reduced, but still remain relevant.
    The possibility of transporting up to four patients, probably sedentary, is declared. The available space is only enough for one bedridden person with an escort
    it's about nothing. Then use the UAZ Profi platform, where at least four recumbents can be accommodated and an accompanying person, the engine is more powerful and the car itself will obviously be more convenient.
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 9 December 2022 11: 14
      Is this UAZ named clearly more convenient? You are clearly over-praising him. There, one prohibitively stiff suspension can shake the soul out of anyone. And with the quality of workmanship and reliability, not everything is in order.
      And most importantly, the future of the plant is a big question. If the information from the open press is correct, then the plant is legally scattered in parts, and in this form will not be able to exist for a long time.
  8. Graz
    Graz 9 December 2022 11: 40
    this car is clearly not for evacuation from the front line. and then such a composition is not needed
    APASUS 9 December 2022 12: 24
    For the military, the version of the armored NIVA is not entirely suitable, the chassis remains the same, and the load and weight distribution only increases the load on the rear axle.
    Need something like this
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 9 December 2022 19: 02
      There are many eccentricities, that's generally a bomb, a super-SUV with rear axle steering.
      1. APASUS
        APASUS 12 December 2022 08: 48
        Quote: Sergey Alexandrovich
        There are a lot of eccentricities, this is generally a bomb

        This is not eccentricity, but the realities of the area. There is black soil, this Niva will simply disappear in the mud with one bridge, and given the booking and weight distribution, it has no chance on off-road.
        1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
          Sergey Aleksandrovich 12 December 2022 09: 15
          The copy itself is great. But, judging by the descriptions, it is assembled from components from several manufacturers, each of which can consider the plant a competitor and stop deliveries. The development of ZIL was taken as the basis, and this plant was distinguished by a creative and competent approach to design, without simplification and primitivism.
          Summing up, we can say that the production of such machines is possible, but in a small series. Then enemy agents will pull up and, feigning competition, will cut off supplies. If the industry were not so monopolized and there were separate plants for the production of units and components, then the development would have a chance to go in a large series.
          Even more frankly, if the designers assembled a car from Chinese parts, then there would be more chances for a long-term production of the product, but the car itself is more expensive.
    2. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 9 December 2022 21: 12
      For the military, lenses are better, but they were made on a 4x4 typhoon chassis. Typhoon is everything. He died and was reborn as Akhmat. Ideally, an armored huntsman should also be made on the tiger chassis.
      1. Maxim Davydov
        Maxim Davydov 9 December 2022 21: 40
        Can you be more specific, please? What means
        Typhoon is everything. He died and was reborn as Akhmat.
        1. Blackgrifon
          Blackgrifon 9 December 2022 22: 06
          At the last exhibition, the lens was on an "updated" chassis, cat. outwardly one to one it is Akhmat, but in the 4x4 version. If I find it in my bookmarks, I'll post the link.
        2. Blackgrifon
          Blackgrifon 9 December 2022 22: 09

          Here's a video from the show. IMHO, while maintaining the old name, this is purely Akhmat, and not the old typhoon.
          1. Maxim Davydov
            Maxim Davydov 9 December 2022 22: 21
            Why "rebirth"? One is a wheeled BMD, the other is an armored frame truck ...
            1. Blackgrifon
              Blackgrifon 9 December 2022 22: 28
              Wheeled BMD is Typhoon-VDV. And the Lens was originally made on the Typhoon 4x4 chassis.
  10. KSVK
    KSVK 9 December 2022 12: 28
    Quote: Wildcat
    It seems that the engine was installed more powerful, but you can’t get away from a small volume ... And there will be trouble with cross-country ability ... Just "hug and cry." It's better to finish the "loaf" like that.

    That's right!
    The patency of the "Niva" was initially achieved by a small mass, a short base and a relatively high power density. In the same cadaver worsened all indicators. The base was lengthened, the weight was increased, the specific power fell. In addition, the weight distribution has changed. An armored booth was hung on the rear axle, albeit easily, which, again, would not have the best effect on both cross-country ability and handling in general. So you can safely forget about some "off-road" qualities of this product. I’ll add more about the sore point of all Nivs, the transfer case. Her resource was barely enough for an ordinary car. And on a heavier version, the resource will be completely ridiculous.
    Threat UAZ loaf looks like a much more promising object for improvement. And the "dubness" of the suspension is long in the past with the replacement of springs with springs.
  11. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 9 December 2022 12: 40
    I’m wondering, bloggers accept old 4x4s from the people, restore them at their own expense and send them to the front, for various needs (from volunteer to combat) And what does Avtovaz do? There are quite working versions of the Niva from Bronto (there used to be a lot of collectors riding them) ABS is not needed there, the Injector is also not very special. Why are they not made for the front?
  12. KSVK
    KSVK 9 December 2022 13: 32
    Quote: Zaurbek
    There are quite working versions of the Niva from Bronto (there were a lot of collectors riding them before)

    So, after all, there are quite mass-produced, all-wheel drive GAZelles and Sables. You don't even have to upgrade the suspension. The carrying capacity will allow you to hang additional armor.
  13. svp67
    svp67 9 December 2022 14: 03
    Even a quick assessment raises a lot of questions...
    - how much glossy paint can be used for army cars, it's high time to use matte paint so that the equipment does not glare
    - preservation of a standard power plant with a VAZ gasoline engine with a capacity of 87 hp - is no longer suitable, and not only in terms of power, but also because the fuel used is gasoline. The army is intensively switching to a single diesel fuel
    - capacity one stretcher???????? And in two tiers, so that at least a couple can be re-arranged?
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 9 December 2022 19: 07
      Do not judge strictly, this is a good duplicate of Largus, very good. The reliability of AvtoVAZ and UAZ can be compared as 3 to 1 in favor of AvtoVAZ. So the decision is not the worst. Although, of course, there are questions.
  14. opposite28
    opposite28 9 December 2022 16: 13
    In NWO, the vehicle of the medical service is "Lens" !!! Niva, Lada and GAZelle are no doubt good even with armored inserts, but they are good away from places of active hostilities.
    1. Sergey Aleksandrovich
      Sergey Aleksandrovich 9 December 2022 19: 08
      Here the price and possible mass production are important. The presented instance wins precisely in this parameter.
    2. Jonny_Su
      Jonny_Su 25 January 2023 12: 58
      I think armored civilian counterparts are much cheaper.
  15. Mikhail Maslov
    Mikhail Maslov 9 December 2022 17: 58
    Take off the armor, send it to all the village paramedics, family doctors, that's where they belong.
  16. GRAFIN_32
    GRAFIN_32 10 December 2022 22: 54
    I don't know why they're picking on it, I personally like it. It is bad that the author did not strain to show the most important place in these machines to the public. Therefore, most of themselves began to turn on Schumachers and Alonsov. Such a machine is needed in large quantities. It is necessary for our state to start supplying the republics not only with pasta and tractors. The car is very necessary. And given the protection, though small, it is simply extremely necessary. Such projects should not be forgotten. Niva mass machine. The price is reasonable for this project. You can collect in series. So I am for a start in life for this project.
  17. dfk-80
    dfk-80 8 January 2023 20: 53
    For the frontline, analogues of the Luazik are needed, only with a normal motor - for growth. Simple, cheap all-terrain vehicles: take out the wounded, bring ammo and food. Preferably with the possibility of booking. And in commercial quantities. In the future, as platforms and tractors for mortars, UAVs, etc.
  18. edatlt
    edatlt 20 January 2023 17: 48
    Whom to carry in it? Dogs?
    How can a wounded man lie there? When there and healthy, then sitting closely!

    Or we just have something to do, it doesn’t matter that it won’t be needed, the main thing is to drag the CBO
  19. Jonny_Su
    Jonny_Su 25 January 2023 12: 57
    It is strange that they do not hang armor on the all-terrain Sable. KMK, it is better suited for a medical doctor: the volume is larger, the torquey diesel engine, there are already modifications of the ambulance based on the Gazelle - there is a proven medical layout.
  20. solar
    solar 25 January 2023 14: 14
    All armor parts are installed discreetly, under the body panels.

    A solution that is clearly unsuitable for a machine in the field. It's not like riding in the city to keep the look.
    It is much more logical to make a load-bearing body, albeit unsightly in appearance, with the reservation of the necessary zones.
    A separate issue with glasses. Are they bulletproof? There is not a word about this in the article, judging by the appearance - they were left from Niva. And what is the point in such a reservation with such glazing? Not a candle to God, not a poker to hell.
    For the city, no booking is needed, for a field near the LBS, a beautiful glossy appearance and large windows are not needed.
    A simplified, cheaper Niva with a suitable body without any hidden glamorous booking would have been more logical to do. Senseless waste of money.
  21. savage3000
    savage3000 31 January 2023 21: 16
    hidden booking? with loopholes for shooting? not funny.