Military Review

Day of the beginning of the Soviet counteroffensive near Moscow

37
Day of the beginning of the Soviet counteroffensive near Moscow

The battle for Moscow is divided into two stages. The first, defensive, lasted from September 30 to December 5, 1941. During the implementation of the strategic plan for the defense of the capital of the USSR, the Oryol-Bryansk, Vyazemskaya, Mozhaisk-Maloyaroslavetskaya, Kalininskaya, Tula, Klinsko-Solnechnogorsk and Naro-Fominsk front-line operations were carried out.


Despite the successes of the summer campaign, the fascist German army failed to achieve the main goal of the blitzkrieg - to defeat the Soviet troops before the onset of winter. Germany faced the inevitability of a protracted war with the USSR, which was not part of the original plans of Hitler, inspired by the rapid conquest of half of Europe.

After the offensive of the German army on Moscow was stopped, the second stage of the implementation of the strategic plan of the Headquarters of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief began - the transition from defense to counteroffensive with the subsequent development of an offensive initiative.

On December 1941, 100, the Red Army launched a decisive counteroffensive along the entire front line and, as a result of a series of successful front-line operations, drove the enemy back 150-XNUMX kilometers from Moscow. By this time, our army already numbered more than a million people, armored forces were significantly replenished, aviation and artillery.

By the time the counter-offensive began on the front line near Moscow, the military formations of the Red Army had a significant advantage over the opposing Army Group Center in aircraft from the Wehrmacht. By the number of bayonets, artillery and tanks the Germans had a slight advantage. But at the same time, it should be taken into account that the supply lines of the German army were much more stretched than the rear logistics of the Soviet troops.

In addition, in order to prevent the strengthening of the Army Group "Center" due to the transfer of reinforcements of the Army Groups "North" and "South", a number of successful offensive operations were carried out by the Soviet troops in November.

The enemy was not only stopped, but also driven back on the outskirts of the capital of our Motherland, for the first time after several months of continuous offensive by the Wehrmacht forces. It was a victory, albeit not a very large-scale one in terms of the entire military campaign, but very significant for every soldier of the Red Army and all other residents of the country. In Europe, occupied by the rapid march of the German army, the rest of the states began to realize that the seemingly invincible military machine of the Wehrmacht, in fact, is not.

Three days after the start of the offensive of the Red Army near Moscow, Hitler was forced to sign Directive No. 39 on the transition of German troops to the defense on the entire Soviet-German front. But even the day before, the Fuhrer announced the imminent capture of the capital of the USSR and even set a date for the parade of German troops on Red Square.

Today, when the Russian army is again conducting military operations not only to protect the inhabitants of our country, but also fights Nazism resurgent in the West, the distant events of the beginning of the winter of 1941 are perceived as relevant as never before. If, after so many defeats, leaving huge territories, the soldiers of the Red Army did not lose their fighting spirit and confidence in victory, managed to stop and throw the enemy from the walls of the ancient capital of our great state, and then reached Berlin on a victorious march, then even now the great Russian soldiers must and will be able to win.
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https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 5 December 2022 04: 57
    -5
    By this time, our army already numbered more than a million people.
    Exactly as much as now washed off the cordon, after the announcement of partial mobilization!
    1. Ka-52
      Ka-52 5 December 2022 05: 57
      +4
      Exactly as much as now washed off the cordon, after the announcement of partial mobilization!

      do not produce fakes of any "Rains" and "Medusas". After all, figures from the OVIRs of neighboring countries were published - there the figure is 2 times lower. Moreover, when assessing there, no one made any difference how many entered on the wave of flight, and how many for other reasons.
      1. dmi.pris1
        dmi.pris1 5 December 2022 06: 26
        +1
        Mostly ethnic people who received Russian citizenship rushed to Kazakhstan and Georgia. Another concern is how many military men broke the contract when they smelled fried? However, this is off topic. In the light of the Moscow battle, operations such as the liberation of Rostov-on-Don remain little known
      2. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 5 December 2022 10: 00
        -1
        Quote: Ka-52
        there the figure is 2 times lower.

        And in your opinion, 500000 thousand potential traitors, is this not enough? By the way, these same figures, about a million, were announced by Solovyov on the Federal Central TV channel ...
        PS And I don’t read Rains and Jellyfish .....
    2. Blacksmith 55
      Blacksmith 55 5 December 2022 10: 19
      +2
      I don’t know how many “flew away” abroad, I heard about the figure of 300 thousand people.
      But the fact that the author wrote that "our army" numbered 1 million people is nonsense.
      Maybe he meant the army standing near Moscow?
      That's how it should have been written then.
      By "our army" I mean the entire Soviet Army, or, more correctly, the Red Army.
    3. stankow
      stankow 8 December 2022 13: 48
      0
      Uncle lee You're lying. And you have nothing to prove this slander. In deviators, you record all those who crossed the border - both tourists and business travelers, and family members and non-contractors. And then you multiply by three.
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 8 December 2022 14: 28
        0
        Quote: stankow
        You're lying.
        Well, yes ! There's nothing more for me to do...
        Almost 1 million people have left Russia since the start of mobilization, a source familiar with the Kremlin's estimates told Forbes. Another interlocutor in the Presidential Administration clarified that we are talking about 600 - 000 Russians. At the same time, it is not possible now to calculate how many people who left the country for tourism purposes, he emphasizes.
        1. stankow
          stankow 8 December 2022 18: 49
          0
          Here, they confirmed it. So many people left, and you write down All into evaders. At the same time, you take the upper bound of the spreading estimates. It's gross.
          1. Uncle lee
            Uncle lee 9 December 2022 01: 58
            0
            Quote: stankow
            It's gross.

            Are you writing from Georgia or Kazakhstan? Protecting potential traitors like Galkin and his ilk ... That's it - disgusting!
            1. stankow
              stankow 10 December 2022 03: 25
              +1
              No, I defend the honor of Russian peasants. The Russian people do not have 500 thousands of Galkins.
              1. Uncle lee
                Uncle lee 10 December 2022 13: 18
                0
                Quote: stankow
                I defend the honor of Russian men

                Very commendable! hi There are no Galkins among the men! But among the non-men, there were five hundredths!
                1. stankow
                  stankow 10 December 2022 15: 25
                  0
                  Always, in every country there are. But not 500 thousand, as you say. Well, let them all get away. Russia has 17 mil. registered. And they didn't go anywhere. They waited for the summons, silently. And they are still waiting. If necessary, they will go. The foam has already deflated. Well, 1 for 34's. One from each company. Beats. War.
  2. Konnick
    Konnick 5 December 2022 04: 59
    +1
    By the time the counteroffensive began on the front line near Moscow, the military units of the Red Army had a significant advantage over the Army Group Center opposing from the Wehrmacht in airplanes. In terms of the number of bayonets, artillery and tanks, the Germans had a slight advantage.

    This is if we count together with the Moscow air defense fighter aircraft.
    Some believe that in order to attack, you need to have a 3-4-fold superiority. No, we have eliminated the main trump card of the Germans, aviation. And we had the main thing, high motivation to protect the country. With virtually no artillery support, night attacks drove the Germans 200-300 km from Moscow.
    1. dmi.pris1
      dmi.pris1 5 December 2022 06: 30
      0
      There was artillery, but with tanks and aircraft it was very tight
      1. Konnick
        Konnick 5 December 2022 08: 28
        0
        There was artillery, but with tanks and aircraft it was very tight

        Shell hunger was already setting in. Therefore, in January, the offensive stopped, in addition to this, there were heavy losses. And aviation remained to cover Moscow.
  3. Nikolay310
    Nikolay310 5 December 2022 05: 50
    -2
    but what about attempts to negotiate with "respected Western partners" ??? what, there was not even an exchange of Nazis for a Stalinist godfather ??? in stupid...

    Glory to the victorious Red Army! Glory to Comrade Stalin!!!
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 5 December 2022 06: 02
    0
    The day of military glory of the Russian army .. Hmm, is there such a day in 30 years where the army of modern Russia would win a significant victory?
    1. Konnick
      Konnick 5 December 2022 06: 06
      0
      The day of military glory of the Russian army .. Hmm, is there such a day in 30 years where the army of modern Russia would win a significant victory?

      In October 93, she carried out a major military operation, shooting the Supreme Soviet.
      1. Grancer81
        Grancer81 5 December 2022 18: 21
        -1
        And quite deservedly ... It was thanks to the Supreme Council that the so-called "privatization" and the liberal reforms of Yeltsin-Gaidar-Chubais began "...
    2. Ka-52
      Ka-52 5 December 2022 06: 39
      -1
      Hmm, is there a day in 30 years where the army of modern Russia would win a significant victory?

      For some reason, fools always associate victories not with the people, but with political systems. Explain how the people in 1812 differ from the people in 1941 and from the people in 2022? Why do we need to ignore the victories made by our ancestors just because we live in a different socio-political pharmacy?
      1. User_neydobniu
        User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 07: 09
        -4
        For some reason, fools always associate victories not with the people, but with political systems. Explain how the people in 1812 differ from the people in 1941 and from the people in 2022?

        Well, ok, and why could the people in 41-45 easily defeat one of the strongest military-political alliances led by Germany, and in 2022 they cannot defeat 22 with the second army in the world? Or maybe it's still in the political system?
        1. Ka-52
          Ka-52 5 December 2022 07: 31
          0
          Well, ok, and why could the people in 41-45 easily defeat one of the strongest military-political alliances led by Germany, and in 2022 they cannot defeat 22 with the second army in the world? Or maybe it's still in the political system?

          Well, then you can ask - why in 1812 Russia defeated the strongest army in the world in that century, and in the 80s of the last century the USSR could not defeat the barefoot peasants in Afghanistan? Could it be a political issue?
          Do not engage in piskometry in history, because it was about you that I wrote the first comment. The story is so ungrateful, it has a lot of skeletons in the closet.
          And yes, about "no problem" - apparently at school you didn't read about the Great Patriotic War
          1. User_neydobniu
            User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 07: 54
            -3
            and in the 80s of the last century, the USSR could not defeat the barefoot peasants in Afghanistan?

            Stop, but in the 80s of the last century, the USSR sought to take the territories of Afghanistan under its control, or did it help the patronage of Afghanistan to drive the Taliban? Well, the tasks of the USSR before the withdrawal of troops were completely fulfilled, and about the Soviet government in Afghanistan they sat while the troops were in the country ...
            But the Russian Federation was faced with the task of defecation of Ukraine and the annexation of the eastern regions (remember the referendums). Is the first task completed? Areas attached are retained ?
            And yes, during the Afghan conflict, there was not a trace of any mobilization, the army coped with its tasks with its strength ... And the Russian Federation in 22 is clearly not coping
            Do not engage in piskometry in history, because it was about you that I wrote the first comment

            Do not engage in bullying and justifying the system, because thanks to the support of such fools as you, the Russian army has its current form in which it has not been able to complete the SVO for 9 months already ...
            1. Ka-52
              Ka-52 5 December 2022 08: 15
              +2
              Stop, but in the 80s of the last century, the USSR sought to take the territories of Afghanistan under its control, or did it help the patronage of Afghanistan to drive the Taliban?

              exactly. You not only do not know the goals of introducing the OGSVA, but you do not even know that the Taliban as a movement did not even exist in the 80s. Do not write illiterate comments.
              the tasks of the USSR before the withdrawal of troops were completely fulfilled, and about the Soviet government in Afghanistan sat while the troops were in the country ...

              it's in your alternate universe. But in reality, government troops controlled only 2 provinces out of 34. And our troops controlled only a chain of outposts and garrisons. Our 101msp stood in Herat. We did not control even 1/4 of the city.
              the army coped with its tasks with its strength ... And the Russian Federation in 22 is clearly not coping

              What place did you think of comparing the scale of the front and hostilities in Ukraine and Afghanistan?
              Do not engage in bullying and justifying the system, because thanks to the support of such fools as you, the Russian army has its current form in which it has not been able to complete the SVO for 9 months already ...

              stop spouting drug addiction. I just wrote that wars are won by the people, not by the political system. Not a tsar, not a general secretary, not monarchists, not Bolsheviks and not democrats. Our multinational people have won wars. And you would have learned at school, maybe you would have gained your mind
              1. User_neydobniu
                User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 08: 23
                -3
                stop spouting drug addiction. I just wrote that wars are won by the people, not by the political system

                We see how NBOs are winning ...
                And you would have learned at school, maybe you would have gained your mind

                You would have been 37 years old, they treated the uryakolki well there, that's why the Second World War was won ...
                Now it would be like this with cheers-idiots, you see, and the situation would turn around
                1. Ka-52
                  Ka-52 5 December 2022 08: 35
                  +2
                  We see how NBOs are winning ...

                  you don’t see much from the sofas, but for that you yell most of all ....
                  You would have been 37 years old, they treated the uryakolki well there, that's why the Second World War was won ...

                  you yourself would have gone there, at once you would have lost your arrogance and zeal. Let me remind you that Stalin liked to periodically clean his sixes-executors of repressions and few of them survived the 30s :)
                  Now it would be like this with cheers-idiots, you see, and the situation would turn around

                  Yes, Putin's government is very soft on you, liberal hamsters. People like you probably "evacuated" to Georgia and Kazakhstan, and now you howl patriotically about the war from there :)
                  1. User_neydobniu
                    User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 08: 51
                    -3
                    you don’t see much from the sofas, but for that you yell most of all ....

                    But you can clearly see the urashechka, by the way, why not at the front? And why do all the uryashki of this site also sit on it and mobilization does not apply to you?
                    People like you probably "evacuated" to Georgia and Kazakhstan

                    This I understand cheers you share your experience, forum wars lol
                    1. Ka-52
                      Ka-52 5 December 2022 09: 01
                      +1
                      that is, you have a small intestine to answer for yourself? I wrote above that I served in OKSVA, and anyone who knows how to add 2 + 2 (it’s definitely not you) can consider that I am already far beyond the military age. I'll be more useful in my workplace than in the trenches.
                      But such a no-name like you, yelling furiously about HOW the war SHOULD be waged, should definitely not sit in Kazakhstan now, but be at the forefront of the attack somewhere near Maryinka. But you are a coward, it is safer to fight on the Internet, the maximum that can suffer is the upholstery of your sofa and keyboard lol
                      1. User_neydobniu
                        User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 09: 37
                        -4
                        I'll be more useful in my workplace than in the trenches.

                        Well, yes, by licking the ops, I’m building, of course laughing
                        Propogondons, such propogondons
                    2. Serg65
                      Serg65 5 December 2022 09: 31
                      +3
                      Quote from: User_neydobniu
                      But you can clearly see the urashechka, by the way, why not at the front? And why do all the uryashki of this site also sit on it and mobilization does not apply to you?

                      But why don’t you arrange a revolution yourself, or is it safer to yelp from under the fence?
                2. Serg65
                  Serg65 5 December 2022 09: 29
                  +3
                  Quote from: User_neydobniu
                  You would be 37 years old

                  Pray to God, young man, that Putin would not arrange this 37 for real!!!
                  1. User_neydobniu
                    User_neydobniu 5 December 2022 09: 39
                    -5
                    Pray to God, young man, that Putin would not arrange this 37 for real!!!

                    Raven, you won't gouge out a crow's eye winked
                    So you dear urashechka in this regard, there is nothing to be afraid of
                    1. Serg65
                      Serg65 5 December 2022 09: 58
                      +3
                      Quote from: User_neydobniu
                      Raven, you won't gouge out a crow's eye

                      The story, which you do not know at all, just says that the raven is not a brother to the raven!
                      Quote from: User_neydobniu
                      So you dear urashechka in this regard, there is nothing to be afraid of

                      It is better to be a brat than a traitor to the motherland!
            2. Serg65
              Serg65 5 December 2022 09: 26
              +4
              Quote from: User_neydobniu
              and in the 80s of the last century, the USSR sought to take the territories of Afghanistan under its control, or did it help the patronage of Afghanistan to drive the Taliban?

              The overthrow of the legitimate head of a foreign state can hardly be called help to the government, and the world learned about the Taliban in the late 80s!
              Quote from: User_neydobniu
              But the Russian Federation was faced with the task of defecation of Ukraine and the annexation of the eastern regions (remember the referendums). Is the first task completed? Areas attached are retained ?

              Well, if we compare with Afghanistan, then the RF Armed Forces have 9 more years left! wink
              Quote from: User_neydobniu
              And yes, during the Afghan conflict, there was not a trace of any mobilization

              Eh, if they weren’t engaged in quacking, but were interested in the history of their homeland, they would have known that, in 1979, only 4 thousand officers, sergeants and assigned soldiers were called up from the reserve to the 50th Army of the TurkVO ... without any training ! Moreover, 8 vehicles were mobilized. 70% of the officers called up were from the jackets of those who graduated from military departments at civilian universities! Of the 8 thousand cars, half did not reach not only Herat, but also Mazar-i-Sharif .... I hope you at least know these cities?
              Quote from: User_neydobniu
              Do not engage in bullying and justifying the system

              Did your doctor prescribe Validol for you?
              Quote from: User_neydobniu
              thanks to the support of such fools as you, the army of the Russian Federation has its current form in which it has not been able to complete the SVO for 9 months

              what In which pub did you hear about the timing of the completion of the CBO???
        2. dmi.pris1
          dmi.pris1 5 December 2022 08: 14
          0
          No problem? Our people are all so tense, they gave so many lives at the front, and then they went hungry for more than one year. Restoring the country and creating an atomic shield.
  5. M_Wolf
    M_Wolf 5 December 2022 07: 14
    +1
    But didn’t the counteroffensive begin on the night of December 5-6 (December 6, in fact) !?
  6. AB
    AB 6 December 2022 13: 12
    0
    ...but also fights against the resurgent Nazism in the West...

    Either the author himself is not in the subject, or he is deliberately misleading. Nazism is just a sign. The real struggle was against fascism, and this is a completely different phenomenon!