Military Review

Victory day of the Russian squadron over the Turkish squadron at Cape Sinop

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Victory day of the Russian squadron over the Turkish squadron at Cape Sinop

Today Russia celebrates one of the Days of Military Glory. 169 years ago, the Turkish squadron suffered a crushing defeat from the Russian squadron under the command of Vice Admiral P.S. Nakhimov at Cape Sinop.


The battle began on November 30 (18, old style) and ended in less than a day with the complete defeat of the Ottoman squadron under the command of Osman Pasha. In fact, this naval battle can be called a "prologue" to the Russian-Turkish war of 1853-1856.

It is worth noting that, as in other Russian-Turkish wars, of which stories there were 12, in this conflict the Ottomans were supported by Western countries. Particularly France and the UK.

On November 11, 1853, the squadron of Pavel Nakhimov approached the Sinop Bay, where there were significant enemy forces. Nevertheless, despite the superiority of the Turks, the vice admiral decided to block Sinop and sent a brig with a request to send reinforcements.

The last one arrived on November 28th. As a result, Nakhimov had at his disposal a squadron of 6 battleships: three 120-gun, three 84-gun, and 2 frigates with 60 and 44 guns. In total - 716 guns.

In turn, Osman Pasha's squadron in total had only 476 naval guns, in connection with which the Turks had already sent a request for reinforcements. At the same time, the message was transmitted to the British allies only on November 29, the day before the Russian attack. fleet. As a result, the Ottomans did not wait for help.

It is worth adding here that the Turks, in addition to shipborne guns, also had coastal guns, which in a sense equalized the chances of the warring parties. However, the Turkish command made a mistake by placing their ships in such a way that they covered part of the coastal guns. In addition, Osman Pasha's squadron was practically at the shore, which completely deprived it of maneuver.

During a relatively short battle, the Ottoman squadron was completely destroyed. The Turks in the battle for the Sinop Bay lost about 3 (the British voiced 4) thousand people and 17 ships.
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  1. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov 1 December 2022 04: 47
    +2
    ***
    Three thousand Turkish sailors.
    All batteries are blown up, broken
    Skillful offensive fire.
    Captured Ottoman naval leader,
    The Russian spirit hovers over the town.
    The doors of heaven opened wide
    In the sea passage of the victory tent.
    And the wind in honor of Nakhimov and the fleet
    Spreads triple "Hurrah"! ...
    (Ledakov Nikolai)




    ***
  2. dmi.pris1
    dmi.pris1 1 December 2022 06: 09
    +1
    It was a prologue not to the Russian-Turkish but to the Crimean War, which, however, will not be silent about the victory of our sailors
  3. Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers
    Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers 1 December 2022 06: 14
    +1
    The affairs of bygone days, the tradition of antiquity deep.
    1. Lionnvrsk
      Lionnvrsk 1 December 2022 11: 27
      -1
      Quote: Oorfene Juice and his Wooden Soldiers
      The affairs of bygone days, the tradition of antiquity deep.

      "Sick people produce sick words...
      The wind that carries saliva is poisonous;
      Epidemic, epidemic meningitis..."

      Lyrics from the song .... Do you know this one? feel
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 1 December 2022 06: 14
    +3
    as in other Russian-Turkish wars, of which there have been 12 in this conflict, the Ottomans were supported by Western countries. Particularly France and the UK.
    This is how Great Britain encouraged Turkey to go to war with Russia, its advisers were in the Turkish squadron. Nothing has changed since then. Europe and in particular Great Britain and France today actively support Ukraine. And the "darling" Macron also muddied the organization of the tribunal against Russia. They forgot the history, the cuffs issued earlier do not go for the future.
  5. Doccor18
    Doccor18 1 December 2022 06: 20
    0
    The wonderful Soviet film "Admiral Nakhimov" was filmed 77 years ago. There were times, so much fell on the country and its long-suffering people, but there was enough time and energy for film masterpieces ...
  6. Corrosion inhibitor
    Corrosion inhibitor 1 December 2022 07: 15
    0
    It is a pity that now is not the time to remember history again. When I did not know, and even forgot. This train has already left.
    However, reminders that the history of the Great Russian Army has not gone away is very useful now.
  7. I dare to_notice_
    I dare to_notice_ 1 December 2022 12: 38
    -3
    Now they will generously bombard me with minuses, but ... the bitter truth:
    This RUSSIAN squadron broke the OTTOMAN 169 years ago.
    What does the modern Russian Federation have to do with this event?
    It's like modern Italy celebrating the anniversary of the destruction of Carthage...
    What, did the Russian Federation break into the Turks for the downed plane? .. For Bayraktary? ...
    Russia in general, and the Russian Navy in particular, has yet to write its history.
    I hope she is just as worthy.
  8. Or me
    Or me 1 December 2022 13: 52
    0
    During a relatively short battle, the Ottoman squadron was completely destroyed. The Turks in the battle for the Sinop Bay lost about 3 (the British voiced 4) thousand people and 17 ships.
    One of the three white stripes on the sailor's guis is a tribute to the Victory at Cape Sinop! soldier
  9. Private SA
    Private SA 2 December 2022 00: 38
    0
    It is a pity that the steamer "Taif" under the command of an English naval adviser
    in the Turkish fleet, A. Slade managed to escape from the Russian sailing squadron.
    Welcome to Black Sea. Bastion missile systems and submarines are waiting for you.
    As well as the SU-24 approaches.