Military Review

North Korea and the Republic of Korea: there was a time when the economy of the north was more developed than the economy of the south

42
North Korea and the Republic of Korea: there was a time when the economy of the north was more developed than the economy of the south

A simple layman today often calls North Korea a "concentration camp country." At the same time, its "southern neighbor" is almost the most high-tech state in the world.


It so happened that the once united people went along two different paths of development, and there were reasons for that.

Strange as it may sound, the fate of the two Korean republics was determined by Japan's "too fast" capitulation during World War II. As a result, the victors - the USSR and the USA - had to divide the "liberated" territory along the way, without any well-defined plan.

As a result, Korea, which had been under Japanese occupation since 1910, was divided into two parts: North and South along the 38th parallel.

In 1948, the American administration proclaimed the creation of the Republic of Korea, which, as a result of highly controversial, albeit UN-recognized elections, was headed by Syngman Lee.

In turn, in the northern, Soviet-controlled part of the peninsula, Kim Il Sung, who headed the Provisional People's Committee, proclaimed the creation of the DPRK.

It is worth noting that in terms of economic and social development, the DPRK at that time surpassed the Republic of Korea.

In 1950, there was a war on the Korean Peninsula, which practically did not change anything in terms of its territorial division.

At the same time, by 1956, Pyongyang returned to the pre-war level of development.

And, it is quite likely that everything would have turned out not bad for the DPRK if the so-called “Khrushchev thaw” had not come in the USSR at the XNUMXth Congress of the CPSU.

As a result, instead of releasing the repressed like it happened in the USSR, Kim Il Sung, on the contrary, increased the pressure on the "undesirables", establishing a complete dictatorship in the country.

Since that moment, the DPRK has isolated itself from the Soviet Union and China. The country began to develop (if it can be called development) in accordance with the Juche - the state ideology, which implies a ban on foreign trade and the concentration of all resources on industry and the army.

The policy of Kim Il Sung, as expected, led to extremely sad consequences for the country. In 80, a default occurred in the DPRK, and the country's economy stagnated until 2000. True, all this happened under numerous Western sanctions.

In 1994, North Korea was led by the son of Kim Jong Il, who began to pursue a softer policy than his father. However, this did not save the country from the famine of 1996-1999, which claimed the lives of more than 3 million Koreans (the South Korean version of events).

Gradually, the situation in the DPRK began to improve with the coming to power of Kim Jong-un in 2011. Within two years, the country was able to harvest enough to "feed" the entire population.

In addition, since the 2000s, a “shuttle business” has been developed in North Korea, which allows you to import necessary goods into the country, albeit in extremely small quantities.

In general, the modern DPRK can no longer be called a "rogue country", as they are trying to do in Seoul, Tokyo and the West. However, the state is still very far from its “southern neighbor”. Sanctions policy, of course, plays its negative role, and the West has not fulfilled its promises to lift sanctions in exchange for abandoning the nuclear program, which forced Pyongyang to take the path of improving defense means.

Author:
42 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. rocket757
    rocket757 29 November 2022 19: 07
    +4
    North Korea and the Republic of Korea: there was a time when the economy of the north was more developed than the economy of the south
    . Should we judge them ... everyone has their own cockroaches in their heads.
    1. Terenin
      Terenin 29 November 2022 19: 34
      +12
      Quote: rocket757
      North Korea and the Republic of Korea: there was a time when the economy of the north was more developed than the economy of the south
      . Should we judge them ... everyone has their own cockroaches in their heads.

      Viktor, for example, here is a picture of elderly Afghans, against the backdrop of a clay hut, in whose household, apparently, a couple of goats, a trio of clay cups and a donkey ... but in their eyes such happiness ... and they do not need another life.
      Any nation historically chooses its own way of life. They have their own age-old customs, habits ...

      But, no, the Anglo-Saxons need to bring "democracy" and Western values ​​to these people with bombs and violence, their satanic way of life.

      So it is about the North Koreans, who themselves will figure it out without these, who themselves have appointed evaluators of "developed" economies.
      1. Bolt cutter
        Bolt cutter 29 November 2022 19: 38
        -3
        there is such happiness in their eyes... and they don't need another life.
        They have a whole field of this very happiness growing behind their hut. yes Dried in the mountain sun - and made happy wassat
        Western values, their satanic way of life.
        Judging by the immigration flows of poor refugees, they quite like this very satanic image.
        1. Terenin
          Terenin 29 November 2022 19: 47
          +5
          Quote: Bolt Cutter
          They have a whole field of this very happiness growing behind their hut.
          I can say the same about you.

          Quote: Bolt Cutter
          Judging by the immigration flows of poor refugees, they quite like this very satanic image.
          That's right, a lot of you "judges" are recruited.
          Guess, with three times, why the European Union found itself in a trap with refugees, from which it will hardly be able to get out.
          1. Bolt cutter
            Bolt cutter 29 November 2022 19: 53
            -1
            about you.
            I'm cold - everything will freeze sad Again, illegal.
            three times why with refugees the European Union
            Because idiots who play philanthropy at the expense of their own taxpayers have crept into power.
        2. Clear
          Clear 29 November 2022 19: 54
          +2
          Quote: Bolt Cutter
          there is such happiness in their eyes... and they don't need another life.
          They have a whole field of this very happiness growing behind their hut. yes Dried in the mountain sun - and made happy wassat
          Western values, their satanic way of life.
          Judging by the immigration flows of poor refugees, they quite like this very satanic image.

          Oh god winked well, anyway
          Quote: Bolt Cutter

          Bolt cutter
          It's something completely different.
          1. Terenin
            Terenin 29 November 2022 19: 57
            +6
            Quote: Clear
            Quote: Bolt Cutter
            there is such happiness in their eyes... and they don't need another life.
            They have a whole field of this very happiness growing behind their hut. yes Dried in the mountain sun - and made happy wassat
            Western values, their satanic way of life.
            Judging by the immigration flows of poor refugees, they quite like this very satanic image.

            Oh god winked well, anyway
            Quote: Bolt Cutter

            Bolt cutter
            It's something completely different.

            Hello Yasnul. hi

            Pay no attention, everyone chooses their side (I will not show photos of gay parades) winked
            1. Bolt cutter
              Bolt cutter 29 November 2022 20: 05
              -4
              (I will not show photos of gay parades)
              Are you shy? Or don't you want to post your boyfriend's face in public laughing .
          2. Bolt cutter
            Bolt cutter 29 November 2022 20: 04
            -2
            It's something completely different.
            And about what wassat ? Enlighten?
            1. Clear
              Clear 29 November 2022 20: 09
              +4
              Quote: Bolt Cutter
              It's something completely different.
              And about what wassat ? Enlighten?

              Bolt cutter, and he would understand lol
              1. Bolt cutter
                Bolt cutter 29 November 2022 20: 12
                -3
                Bolt cutter, and he would understand
                Apparently, even for the clearest it is not clear yes
              2. Terenin
                Terenin 29 November 2022 20: 14
                +4
                Quote: Clear
                Quote: Bolt Cutter
                It's something completely different.
                And about what wassat ? Enlighten?

                Bolt cutter, and he would understand lol

                I doubt No. bolt cutters usually have impenetrable insulation.
      2. Terran ghost
        Terran ghost 1 December 2022 10: 56
        -3
        Quote: Terenin
        Any nation historically chooses its own way of life.

        And how exactly do people "choose their way of life," can you clarify? And oh yes, I’ll clarify right away - there is no “single and indivisible will of the whole people”, different from the “arithmetic mean”, often different in direction of the desires and aspirations of individual people who are part of a particular society, does not exist, has never existed and cannot exist according to definition. ;)
        They have their own age-old customs, habits ...

        Not all habits are good. Some customs and habits deserve only to be destroyed. In extreme cases - with fire and sword, if other options do not help. I am now, for example, about such customs that had a long history as cannibalism; polytheistic (pagan) religious cults that practiced human sacrifice; slavery.
        Speaking of slavery. Slave-owners, as a rule, tried to justify the preservation of slavery by "age-old customs and habits". Everywhere and always.
        So it is about the North Koreans, who themselves will figure it out without these

        And of this I am absolutely sure. Residents of Sev. Korea, give them such an opportunity, they themselves will perfectly figure out how to arrange their lives. Without the tyrant and moral degenerate Kim Jong Un (may his remaining days in the world of the living be short, and death fierce and as soon as possible) and his generals.
        1. Terenin
          Terenin 1 December 2022 19: 07
          +3
          Quote: Terran Ghost
          customs and habits deserve only to be destroyed. In extreme cases - with fire and sword, if other options do not help. I am now, for example, about such customs that had a long history as cannibalism;

          Why, then, did your "judges" run away from these "cannibals" so obscenely, mercilessly crushing them with the wheels of transport aircraft?
          1. Terran ghost
            Terran ghost 2 December 2022 09: 35
            -2
            Quote: Terenin
            Why, then, did your "judges" run away from these "cannibals" so obscenely, mercilessly crushing them with the wheels of transport aircraft?

            First, what does "your 'judges'" mean? I am not a member of the US military, nor even just a US citizen or permanent resident.
            Secondly, what does "crushing them with the wheels of transport aircraft" mean? Do you even imagine how you imagine - transport planes rolling through the streets of cities, crushing people? No, it was the unfortunate inhabitants of Afghanistan themselves who fled in horror from the barbarians, degenerates and scum from the terrorist gang "Taliban" * (may the life of all the scum militants from the terrorist gang "Taliban" * without exception be as short as possible, and death as fast and fierce) and their "age-old customs and habits".
            Thirdly, as for me, the retreat of US troops from Afghanistan is an act of cowardice and meanness on the part of the then US government in relation to the people of Afghanistan. This is true, among other things, because the problem of the terrorist gang "Taliban" * arose largely due to the actions of the US federal authorities themselves, who at one time pumped up Islamist militants with weapons and financial assistance (and there were then precisely outright fundamentalists, alas ) in their actions against the secular socialist government of the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan.
            --------
            * The terrorist gang "Taliban" was recognized as a terrorist organization by the decision of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of February 14.02.2003, 03 No. GKPI 116-04.03.2003 (entered into force on March XNUMX, XNUMX).
      3. gsev
        gsev 21 January 2023 01: 11
        0
        Quote: Terenin
        Victor, for example, here is a picture of elderly Afghans, against the background of a clay hut, in whose household, apparently, a couple of goats,

        Afghanistan in 2022 made its own domestic sports car with a domestic engine.
    2. ArhipenkoAndrey
      ArhipenkoAndrey 12 January 2023 05: 16
      0
      If the same sanctions were imposed against South Korea, it is not yet known what development it would have received, another question.
  2. Buyan
    Buyan 29 November 2022 19: 07
    +3
    And this happens)) neighboring "undemocratic" China is generally the leader of the world today
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 29 November 2022 19: 38
      +3
      The economic systems of China and North Korea are very different from each other.
  3. Egoza
    Egoza 29 November 2022 19: 08
    0
    The West never fulfilled its promises to lift sanctions in exchange for renunciation of the nuclear program, which forced Pyongyang to take the path of improving defense means.

    They will lift the sanctions! Wait! They didn’t want it in a good way - it will be in a bad way! The DPRK will still show everyone how a people can endure when there is an ideology and a clear program of action to achieve goals.
    1. Blackmokona
      Blackmokona 29 November 2022 19: 17
      +1
      a clear program of action to achieve the goals.

      For fattening one plump.
    2. bairat
      bairat 29 November 2022 19: 20
      +3
      Saddam fulfilled all the conditions for disarmament and ended up on the gallows, and the whole country was destroyed. There are no fools to repeat this path.
      1. Blackmokona
        Blackmokona 29 November 2022 19: 22
        -4
        Quote: bairat
        Saddam fulfilled all the conditions for disarmament and ended up on the gallows, and the whole country was destroyed. There are no fools to repeat this path.

        Yep, did it. The joke is funny.
        NEW YORK, 15 October. /Corr. TASS Ivan Pilshchikov/. Between 2004 and 2011, American and Iraqi military personnel discovered approximately 5 chemical weapons in Iraq, including poisonous warheads, shells and aerial bombs.
        1. bairat
          bairat 29 November 2022 21: 16
          -1
          Well, of course they found out, they themselves supplied it. So the main claim was on biological weapons (Powell's test tube) - not found, and nuclear - all developments were eliminated, the IAEA inspectors were satisfied.
          1. Terran ghost
            Terran ghost 1 December 2022 11: 10
            -1
            So the main claim was on biological weapons (Powell's test tube) - not found

            From the point of view of the UN Security Council resolution, which forbade the government of Saddam Hussein (the name is written with a small letter intentionally) to have stockpiles of weapons of mass destruction, there is no difference between biological and chemical weapons. The Iraqi government was to destroy stocks of both and no longer develop or produce.
            So, paradoxically, in the end, K. Paeull "with a test tube" turned out to be suddenly right.
    3. Gvardeetz77
      Gvardeetz77 29 November 2022 19: 25
      0
      Quote: Egoza
      The West never fulfilled its promises to lift sanctions in exchange for renunciation of the nuclear program, which forced Pyongyang to take the path of improving defense means.

      They will lift the sanctions! Wait! They didn’t want it in a good way - it will be in a bad way! The DPRK will still show everyone how a people can endure when there is an ideology and a clear program of action to achieve goals.

      There, since the 50s, three generations of the happiest people (or bricks in the wall) on the planet have changed.
  4. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 29 November 2022 19: 16
    +3
    Local inferno, however, worthy of respect in terms of how much is realized in such a small area thanks to perseverance, the ability to learn and be content with little.
    South.Kor pumped up the United States, because in addition to Japan (where the long-term of their stay would not be so unambiguous if not for the XV), there were not so many territories for which they could cling to in Asia. And then the motivation, "bogey" - across the border. Voluntarily and with a song, South Korea will keep the Americans with bread and salt.
  5. bairat
    bairat 29 November 2022 19: 18
    +1
    The American command during the Korean War admitted that they had no targets left for bombing in the north of the country. Cities were burned, bridges and dams destroyed. What ush here advancing development.
  6. Ulan.1812
    Ulan.1812 29 November 2022 19: 21
    0
    In fact, the DPRK is not at all the same as it was 10-15 years ago.
    Pyongyang is a modern city with skyscrapers and so on.
    They also have the Internet, though separate and cellular communications, and they are developing despite the sanctions.
    Khrushchev spoiled them too, with his slush.
  7. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 29 November 2022 19: 35
    +1
    Why did the author decide that the Juche ideology implies a ban on foreign trade?
  8. alexey_444
    alexey_444 29 November 2022 20: 13
    +1
    They rake both in the north and south, only in the north equality is relative, and in the south capitalism, no matter how you embellish it, but the bestial grin has not gone away. Yes, everything is developed in the south, only to the point when people work on weekends and have a week's vacation. Yes, and even loafers flaunting wealth. A person always compares himself with others, and it is not known what is better for everyone in poverty equally, or from the barracks (they still live here) by the mansion.
  9. shikin
    shikin 29 November 2022 20: 30
    +3
    In fact, the image of an impoverished concentration camp country is formed by ardent opponents of the DPRK. I think this is, to put it mildly, exaggerated. But the presence of its own nuclear and space program, which was also created under the conditions of serious sanctions, implies a developed industry and science, and besides, it is clearly more difficult with resources than with stronger neighbors.
  10. Planem
    Planem 29 November 2022 20: 57
    0
    And why did the author decide that by the beginning of the partition of the country, North Korea was more developed than South Korea? In fact, everything was the opposite. And now we still need to think about which of these parts of the country is more developed. South Korea has huge advantages over North Korea due to its better geographical location, better transport opportunities, better natural and climatic conditions, and twice the human potential. It was pumped with investments and technologies from the USA and Western Europe, they organized a large market for its goods. But at the same time, South Korea, in fact, is nothing more than their large factory for the production of a number of consumer goods. Yes, the factory is good, but completely dependent on its owners, and indeed, on the outside world. But North Korea, in conditions of almost complete isolation with very limited resources, has managed to achieve many achievements in the field of astronautics and other technical fields. Thus, North Korea proved that it has a much more efficient socio-economic system than South Korea. I confess that I do not like the political structure of North Korea, but I am not so naive as to believe in liberal fairy tales about hunger and terrible poverty in this state. And I have seen reports from which it is clear that, despite all the genocidal attempts that the imperialist West tried to arrange for the North Koreans, they are not living so badly.
    1. gungnir
      gungnir 11 December 2022 16: 01
      0
      Which one is more developed? Where is South Korea, which supplies technology and industrial products with a GDP of 1,8 trillion. dollars and where is the DPRK, which is known from anecdotal news in the Western media? South Korea does not belong to some "mysterious owners from the West", but to itself, in South Korea there are their own companies with their own specialists under the control of their government. At some point, Western engineers created Soviet industry together with Russians, but this does not mean that the USSR worked for the West and was an American colony. The Republic of Korea was simply allowed to supply its products, but the DPRK was not allowed, that's the whole "unique" scheme. And the "socio-economic" structure has nothing to do with it, since liberalization with the introduction of private property is also taking place in the North, just in conditions of international isolation, state control becomes the only way for development. Yes, there is no genocide, the Western media love to carry nonsense, but the level of difference in development is simply colossal. You impute space and rockets to achieve, but this is not so much the merit of the "planned economy", but the merit of the Korean genius, but at the same time the achievements of South Korea - Samsung, LG, Hyundai, KIA, also space, also rockets, etc. Therefore, which "system is more efficient" is clear. This is clear even in the example of the USSR, which simply disappeared, and the PRC, which is now a symbiosis of two economic systems, which gave us a powerful China. Just think a little, and then think about what is better for Russia - to rave about the past or still change the present? Pay attention to the fact that despite the two completely opposite systems, the Koreans have achieved great success here and there.
      1. Trigger-2009
        Trigger-2009 21 December 2022 20: 56
        0
        we will have to live for a long time in the old way, we all go back and not forward, and the people are sitting on 10 thousand in the richest country! why and what and who will steal what ??? question and answer ?? think for yourself!
  11. Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers
    Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers 29 November 2022 21: 21
    -1
    So we are switching to the "rails" of the DPRK.
  12. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov 30 November 2022 03: 40
    0
    simple layman Today he often calls North Korea a "concentration camp country"

    ***
    "Simple layman" from Europe or USA? ...
    ***
  13. zenion
    zenion 16 December 2022 16: 36
    -1
    Where Khrushchev visited and chatted, the enemy is not needed.
    1. Trigger-2009
      Trigger-2009 21 December 2022 21: 01
      0
      here you have America, a homeowner and a complete d,,,, o fucking friends got what scum to say that the American reptile will put Russia on its knees for 3 days! they already put their own and why it takes so long to mess with the Donbass and Kyiv is not clear !!! people are dying, and we are silent! and why not bang 1 Sarmatian without a nuclear charge into America, half of the idiots, Americans, would be drowned with water !!!
  14. Trigger-2009
    Trigger-2009 21 December 2022 21: 09
    0
    Here you have America, a homeowner and a complete g,,,, o from America, you fucking friends are some kind of bastard saying that they will put Russia on its knees in 3 days, American bastard! , it’s not clear !!! people are dying, but we are silent! why not bang 1 Sarmatian without a nuclear charge into America, half of the American idiots would drown with water !!! we are all silent and tolerate all sorts of idiots, either Bidens or Zelensky and from Russia, all the fascists Lithuanian Polish reptiles eat from Russia and they open their mouths at us! Where is the authority ??? why are we all silent ????
  15. Guran33 Sergey
    Guran33 Sergey 7 January 2023 23: 11
    0
    Mistakes of the USSR, which for some reason stopped the development of a border country, State funding
    preferential loans of the "little tigers" (Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan) USA. Together with them, Argentina and Brazil began a breakthrough with the expectation of becoming the ninety-fifth or sixth economies of the world, but .. There are, but these countries received "standard loans from the IMF and by the eighties (as it was intended in the USA, why such nimble competitors) debt payment stopped their further development
  16. ArhipenkoAndrey
    ArhipenkoAndrey 10 January 2023 11: 53
    0
    If the same sanctions were imposed against South Korea, it is not yet known what development it would have received, another question.