Military Review

Give me a pipe... with ammonia

38
Give me a pipe... with ammonia

So many years later



Russian President Vladimir Putin recently said that the Russian Federation "is ready to expand the work on the supply of fertilizers to world markets." Noting that work in this direction "is going well, despite artificial obstacles from a number of countries."

In this regard, the Russian side, within the framework of the grain deal, will work "with UN Secretary General A. Guterres also on the issue of resuming the operation of the Togliatti-Odessa ammonia pipeline: deliveries through this artery would be beneficial to all parties."

Through this product pipeline, ammonia from JSC Togliatti-Azot (Samara Region), along with the same products of JSC Minudobreniya from Rossosh, Voronezh Region, is exported through the Odessa port terminal OPZ. Russia has suspended deliveries along this route since February 25, 2022.

The length of this artery, which has been operating since 1980, is 2420 km, including 1400 km on Russian territory; annual capacity - up to 2,6 million tons: the ammonia pipeline was launched at full capacity back in Soviet times - in the spring of 1981.

Its route passes through five regions of Russia - Samara, Saratov, Tambov, Voronezh, Belgorod. LNR and on the 3rd - Ukrainian. Ammonia was exported through Odessa mainly to the USA (at least 50% of the volume), to France (over 15%) and to about 20 other foreign countries. The Russian sector of the artery is operated by PJSC Transammiak, the Ukrainian sector is operated by UGP Ukrhimtransammiak. 

In memory of Armand Hammer


Recall: according to the agreements of the USSR with the company of the notorious Armand Hammer Occidental Petroleum Corporation (ORS) in 1973, the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR dated June 16, 1975 N2513 ordered the construction of the aforementioned ammonia pipeline: Tolyatti - Rossosh - Dnepropetrovsk - Grigorievsky Liman / Odessa .

For this, pipes and related equipment were supplied from the West, purchased under a soft loan in 1975-76. from a group of US financial institutions in 210 million dollars for a period of 25 years. The loan was lobbied by Hammer's OPC structure.

The abbreviation meant Occidental Petroleum Company, but in the USSR everyone involved in the deal usually called it much more simply - the Work Supply Department. Indeed, it was not for nothing that Hammer was considered "the beloved capitalist of the USSR."


A. Hammer also lobbied for a contract for these deliveries: it was concluded on October 16, 1975 with the same ORS and the French Anter.epoz, a long-time partner of the Hammer company. This loan was partly used to set up Togliatti-Azot, an ammonia and carbamide plant in Togliatti.

And also - the Odessa chemical terminal "OPZ" in the Grigorievsky estuary. Characteristically, the ammonia pipeline came into operation in the early 80s, despite Western sanctions in connection with the entry of Soviet troops into Afghanistan.

It's also geopolitics.


In the end, everything turned out not least because, firstly, the Soviet-Russian ammonia was actually supplied under an open-ended contract. And at prices 13-16% below world prices. And secondly, these supplies, along with the growth of Soviet grain imports from the United States, as well as Canada and Australia in the 70s and 80s, "tied" the USSR to the United States geopolitically as well.

A kind of echo of such a connection is indirectly confirmed in the mentioned initiative of the Russian Federation to resume the operation of the ammonia pipeline. But back in the 80s, then in the 90s, early 2000s and later, specialized Russian experts proposed instead of using this artery to create an ammonia pipeline from Tolyatti - through Rossosh - to Novorossiysk, Kaliningrad, Taman, Tuapse or Temryuk.

Moreover, it was proposed to build terminals for the export of bulk chemical products in the same place. There were numerous conferences, public hearings on these projects, which periodically continues to this day. But while the court and the case, the product pipeline to Odessa worked quite well until recently.

At the same time, Ukraine annually received from Russia up to 100 million dollars for the transit of ammonia, and the export earnings of the Russian Federation for exports along this route amounted to 2,4 billion dollars a year.

And, for example, the planned Russian terminal for the export of "liquid chemistry" in the port of Taman - a project of the early 2000s - has not yet been implemented. And so far there are no plans to connect it by a product pipeline with Russian producers of ammonia and related products.

It is also characteristic that this and other similar projects are often accompanied by protests from Russian ecologists and local environmentalists. It is possible that these protests were initiated by, let's say, "adherents" of the indefinite transit of Russian oil and gas and chemical products through Ukraine.


The situation with the Tamansky chemical terminal (in the photo - its backup in Tuapse) may also be related to the fact that, according to a number of foreign media reports, the same American Occidental Petroleum actually owns part of the property in the Togliatti-Odessa ammonia pipeline, including in the Odessa ammonia terminal.

And therefore, it is categorically against other routes for the export of this product from Russia. If this is the case, then the goal is obvious: forever tie Russian ammonia transit and exports, respectively, to Ukraine and the United States. Which will surely contribute to the resumption of the work of the same artery.

So it turns out that, to put it mildly, Ukraine, unfriendly to Russia, has and, most likely, will continue to have transit not only of Russian oil and gas supplied to Europe ...
Author:
Photos used:
eurochem.ru, id.quora.com
38 comments
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  1. kind
    kind 30 November 2022 05: 53
    +10
    the same American Occidental Petroleum actually owns part of the property
    If this part is in Ukraine, let him own it further, and wrap all the ammonia in Tuapse and Taman.
    1. forty-eighth
      forty-eighth 30 November 2022 08: 34
      +11
      Dada, your opinion is very important to the authorities. Keep watching, stay tuned
      1. Paul Siebert
        Paul Siebert 30 November 2022 11: 04
        +21
        I don't want to touch this topic at all.
        She dies.
        One "regrouping" in the Kharkiv region is worth something. With Izyum and Malaya Kamyshevakha, the cities through which this ammonia pipeline passed ...
        Now these cities are once again under the control of xoxlov. The danger to the ammonia pipeline has passed ...
        I could write here the names of two "moon-faced", relatives of the "darkest", who owns this building ... But the meaning ...
        These will not miss their own and put them with the device on any SVO! am
    2. fiv
      fiv 30 November 2022 08: 37
      +5
      It is necessary to seize Odessa and not spend money on new and dangerous objects.
    3. gsev
      gsev 30 November 2022 15: 32
      +12
      Quote: Good
      If this part is in Ukraine, let him own it further, and wrap all the ammonia in Tuapse and Taman.

      It is smarter to build a plant for the production of granular nitrogen fertilizers in Bashkiria or the Volga region. It would be possible to suspend the shipment of fertilizers in case of Western sanctions and its blockade and send these fertilizers through the Caspian Sea and Iran to Africa and India.
      1. fa2998
        fa2998 30 November 2022 19: 58
        +5
        Correctly! It is necessary to export not raw materials but goods! And so we enrich the USA (production of fertilizers) and Ukraine (transit, shipment). The finished goods can be sent by rail in any direction! hi
        1. ratcatcher
          ratcatcher 1 December 2022 02: 16
          -3
          Are you going to make ALL finished goods that use ammonia? Do you know that 10 percent of the world's ammonia output and 16 percent of the world's exports come from Russia? The second place in production and export (the first is China, the third is the USA, the fourth is India). And yet we export only 25 percent of what we produce. And the USSR was also the largest producer and exporter of ammonia.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 30 November 2022 06: 03
    +11
    It is also characteristic that this and other similar projects are often accompanied by protests from Russian ecologists and local environmentalists.
    As I remember, I remember these performances in 2005, when this project was finally cut down. But there was construction, we managed to build an administrative building, which they didn’t know who to shove. Local Cossacks also took part in the protests. Although by this time it was not there anyway, they caught it all. Which one was not caught, on the "distant cardon", probably left. laughing Industrial fishing for bullheads in the Sea of ​​Azov is prohibited. I am not talking about other breeds.
  3. samarin1969
    samarin1969 30 November 2022 06: 06
    +2
    Messrs. Chichkin & Podymov "be modest". laughing ... The much more public author Tsarev was less "historical", but more specific in terms of the smell of ammonia.
    But the conclusions about "linking to the United States" were similar.
  4. Gardamir
    Gardamir 30 November 2022 06: 40
    +12
    Somehow the gentlemen of the Russian bourgeoisie work inefficiently. Pay Ukraine, where you can for free. And apparently the initiators of the SVO did not know about this.
  5. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 30 November 2022 08: 00
    +14
    "Public hearings" and other consultations are a way to organize fat salaries for yourself in the absence of work. At the same time, even fatter tranches regularly come from Ukraine to ensure that the lovely Russian officials continue to pull the plug, blocking the construction of infrastructure on our territory. Even if everything was normal, what kind of crazy nonsense is this - ONE pipeline, and even to the territory of another state?!
    Listen, guys, do we even have any officials who are not traitors? At least one? Well, one of those whose decisions at least slightly affect the security of the country. What is it, Vladimir Vladimirovich? What did you pick up in your vertical? Do you really feel so uncomfortable with normal people that you stuffed all this stuff in there and smile at us with your trademark smile?
    1. KERMET
      KERMET 30 November 2022 08: 57
      0
      And where did you see betrayal here? Pure business and only
      1. Mikhail3
        Mikhail3 30 November 2022 20: 36
        +6
        Business doesn’t work like that at all) It’s just that instead of big business, we have “big business”, consisting entirely of theft and betrayal. Because there is not a single businessman in the country, only officials with their front companies. And from an official, a businessman, like an economist from Nabiulina ...
        1. KERMET
          KERMET 1 December 2022 10: 54
          +4
          What country, such business. theft and betrayal is what our current system was born from
        2. nordscout
          nordscout 1 December 2022 13: 16
          +4
          Dear "Mikhail3"! Very true point! Our domestic big business is very specific, starting from its formation and ending with its current existence ... Russia is in the paradigm of the capitalist world order, all its "dark and bright" sides ... For the people, for the most part, NWO is blood, death , deprivation, and for the domestic "big business" - the opportunity to make money in the war, at any cost - this is the quintessence of capitalism, in which we have already been "bathing" for 30 years .... There will still be roofing felts ....
    2. dauria
      dauria 30 November 2022 13: 01
      +7
      What did you pick up in your vertical?

      This is not his vertical. This is who the "vertical" is needed. Yes, and not a vertical, but a merchant's office with hired managers. Putin is there so, a figure for "public relations".
      1. highlight
        highlight 1 December 2022 00: 43
        +2
        Quote: dauria
        This is who the "vertical" is needed. Yes, and not a vertical, but a merchant's office with hired managers.

        AP - Sales Department
    3. German
      German 1 December 2022 09: 27
      +3
      There are many officials who are "not traitors"! But they have no time - they earn money.
  6. Amateur
    Amateur 30 November 2022 08: 29
    +6
    Or maybe it's easier and faster to free Odessa than to build a new pipeline and port?
    1. antiaircrafter
      antiaircrafter 30 November 2022 10: 34
      +13
      Quote: Amateur
      Or maybe it’s easier and faster to free Odessa,

      Is it worth laying down your life for other people's pipes?
      How much money did the owners of this pipe allocate for SVO? Which departments and how did you help?
      1. Amateur
        Amateur 30 November 2022 12: 28
        -1
        How much money did the owners of this pipe allocate for SVO? Which departments and how did you help?

        It's not about the pipe, but about Odessa. Either way, you should take it.
        1. antiaircrafter
          antiaircrafter 30 November 2022 15: 39
          +1
          Quote: Amateur
          Either way, you should take it.

          But not for the pipe.
          1. Amateur
            Amateur 30 November 2022 16: 44
            +6
            But not for the pipe.

            In Odessa, in addition to the pipe, there is Aunt Tsylya, a monument to Catherine II (until they were melted down and sold) and much more, including the Potemkin stairs and the monument to Duke Richelieu. In addition, Kostya the sailor lived there and once there was cholera. But there have never been Ukronazis from the Lviv region before. Here's something to bring out like cockroaches, and we must again take Odessa to Russia.
            1. antiaircrafter
              antiaircrafter 30 November 2022 17: 10
              +1
              Quote: Amateur
              aunt tsilya

              Well, for Aunt Tsylya, yes, of course.
            2. Popenko
              Popenko 1 December 2022 12: 43
              +1
              Taki - YES!
              There are not many words, but there is a lot of sense (this is for the moderator).
            3. hector
              hector 4 December 2022 14: 37
              -1
              Quote: Amateur
              But not for the pipe.

              In Odessa, in addition to the pipe, there is Aunt Tsylya, a monument to Catherine II (until they were melted down and sold) and much more, including the Potemkin stairs and the monument to Duke Richelieu. In addition, Kostya the sailor lived there and once there was cholera. But there have never been Ukronazis from the Lviv region before. Here's something to bring out like cockroaches, and we must again take Odessa to Russia.

              The bad thing is that when she is released, there may not be much left, x ... ly will not leave as quickly as we do.
  7. kor1vet1974
    kor1vet1974 30 November 2022 08: 50
    +7
    So it turns out that, to put it mildly, Ukraine, unfriendly to Russia, has and, most likely, will continue to have transit not only of Russian oil and gas supplied to Europe ...
    And SVO, not for the sake of pipes was started? Well, yes, only denazification, demilitarization .. The meaning of demilitarization is, however, veiled. It is still not clear what is meant by this word. For reference, Tuapse, there is exclusively oil transshipment and there is nowhere to build an ammonia terminal. Taman, there are too many protected areas. Yes, and there is no room for expansion. There are no free lands.
  8. borey
    borey 30 November 2022 10: 31
    +4
    I wonder who will be the first to slam it, as it were, by accident, given that it takes place in a not entirely calm area?
    1. antiaircrafter
      antiaircrafter 30 November 2022 15: 40
      0
      Quote: borey
      who will be the first to slam it, as it were, by accident,

      50 to 50 - either Petrov or Boshirov.
    2. single-n
      single-n 4 December 2022 13: 08
      +2
      Rather, they will bang the one who hints at this. As well as gas pipelines and oil pipelines. These cities will be rolled into rubble and people will be put in packs. But to touch at least 1 pipe is the rocking of the boat and the reeling of the braces.
  9. Mishka78
    Mishka78 30 November 2022 14: 20
    +2
    Its route passes through five regions of Russia - Samara, Saratov, Tambov, Voronezh, Belgorod. LNR and on the 3rd - Ukrainian.

    Judging by the map in the header of the message, the route passes through two more Russian regions. In addition to those listed - Kherson and Zaporozhye.
    1. Cananecat
      Cananecat 30 November 2022 17: 28
      +1
      Quote: Mishka78
      In addition to those listed - Kherson and Zaporozhye.

      And Crimea is Ukrainian on the map...
  10. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 30 November 2022 18: 10
    +2
    And we, like, cannot build another, for example, bypassing Ukraine to the Sea of ​​\u8b\uXNUMXbAzov or the Black. I'm just wondering, what have you been thinking about for XNUMX years?
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 1 December 2022 09: 59
      0
      They built in the Krasnodar Territory ... In Mariupol, you can get out ....
      And where does the owner of the OPS? Any capitalist himself will give money to transfer to a safe place of his terminal .....
    2. hector
      hector 4 December 2022 14: 42
      0
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      And we, like, cannot build another, for example, bypassing Ukraine to the Sea of ​​\u8b\uXNUMXbAzov or the Black. I'm just wondering, what have you been thinking about for XNUMX years?

      Building something new for Russian capital is super inefficient, you have to squeeze everything to the last drop out of the "damned" Soviet past.
  11. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 1 December 2022 09: 57
    0
    By the way, I remember how Tkachev (Governor of the Krasnodar Territory) ran and swore that they were building without his knowledge.
  12. cat hippopotamus
    cat hippopotamus 2 December 2022 22: 52
    -1
    It's time to end this disgrace and take Nikolaev and Odessa, as well as all of Novorossia with Little Russia. Then all questions will automatically disappear. Yes, and all this independent Bandera Ukrainianism should be eliminated as a toxic phenomenon.
  13. Des
    Des 4 December 2022 12: 24
    0
    Quote: Amateur
    In Odessa, in addition to the pipe, there is Aunt Tsylya,

    Quote: antiaircrafter
    Well, for Aunt Tsylya, yes, of course.

    But, along the way, Aunt Tsyle's life and business are normal. She is silent.