Military Review

TOW missiles in Ukraine

36
TOW missiles in Ukraine
Self-propelled TOW. In Ukraine, these have already appeared. Source: avia.wikisort.org



offensive package


In mid-August, the US government allocated $775 million to help Ukrainian nationalists. As Pentagon officials write, "to meet Ukraine's critical security and defense needs."

A lot of equipment was fished out of the storerooms of the military department. In particular, an unnamed number of HIMARS missiles, several 105-mm howitzers and 15 Scan Eagle reconnaissance drones.

It is important that the supply package included equipment for overcoming minefields - by the end of the summer, the nationalists were preparing for an offensive near Kharkov. The Pentagon sent 40 MaxxPro armored vehicles with anti-mine rollers and a host of light mine clearance systems, including the M58 MICLIC remote demining system. The Russian troops near Kharkov did not have time to close the dangerous areas with minefields, so the Armed Forces of Ukraine did not have much need for this equipment. What can not be said about other technology.

In the offensive package, you can find anti-tank missiles BGM-71 TOW, new to the Ukrainian theater of operations. Fifty armored Hummers left the Bandera in the same clip. After video and photographic evidence of TOW operations in Ukraine emerged in September, it became clear that the Americans had sent HMMWV M966 mobile launchers. Despite the fact that the majority of the military consider ATGMs to be a defensive advantage weapons, in this case, rocket carts can be used in the offensive.












Filling TOW-2A in the Swedish Museum. Source: vk.com

At the same time, to call "Hammers" with anti-tank missile systems modern weapons does not turn the tongue. These 4,6-ton lightly armored vehicles can only work effectively on asphalt and hard ground. It is no coincidence that the latest laudatory videos by nationalists with the M966 in the main video end just at the beginning of the thaw in Ukraine. There is no evidence of the destruction of these vehicles by Russian troops.

Most likely, the vehicles were withdrawn from the line of contact until better times. These times will come no earlier than spring - with other versions of the BGM-71 TOW on the Hummers, it is used only as fixed firing points. A snow cover of several tens of centimeters, which will soon fall in the east of Ukraine, is impassable for armored cars.

The fact of the appearance of heavy anti-tank systems TOW, история development of which goes to the end of the 50s, says a lot. The Ukrainians began to miss the ATGM of their own design "Stugna-P".


Stocks of "Stugna-P" were depleted (pictured), it's time for TOW. Source: en.wikipedia.org

According to open data, at the beginning of the special operation, the Armed Forces of Ukraine had two hundred installations with seven thousand missiles. If this impressive arsenal had to be supplemented/replaced with obsolete TOWs, then either Russian missile strikes against nationalist rear depots are still effective, or most of the vaunted Ukrainian ATGMs have gone into milk.

Theoretically, the losses could be compensated for by the FGM-148 Javelin, but the cost of each shot is close to 200 thousand dollars, which is excessive even for the wealthy American military. Therefore, instead of third-generation “fire-and-forget” complexes, heavy in every sense BGM-71 TOW, second-generation ATGMs with wire control, are sent to Ukraine. If the Javelin with the sighting system is estimated at almost half a million dollars, then the entire TOW is no more than 90 thousand.

Why is TOW dangerous?


How effective the American TOW is against Russian armor is well illustrated by the famous video of 2017, when Syrian militants attacked the T-90 with an anti-tank missile in the forehead of the tower. Then the tankers were saved by dynamic protection. It turned out to be a wonderful commercial for Russian armor. The T-90 met with a frontal projection a heavy missile, famous for armor penetration from 400-900 mm, depending on the modification.

Only the very first modifications of missile systems were limited to a single cumulative warhead; from the end of the 70s, a retractable probe with a leading funnel appeared on the nose of the missiles. Such tandem TOWs were developed specifically against Soviet, and later Russian, dynamic protection. That is why the importance of the American system on the Ukrainian front should not be underestimated.

At the moment, it is not known which version of the missile appeared at the front, so we proceed from the most pessimistic scenario. According to him, the nationalists ended up with BGM-71E missiles, that is, tandem missiles with a firing range of 3 meters of the 750 model. There is also a possibility that the Americans are getting rid of the early tandem versions of D and C, which were riveted with more than 1987 thousand copies of each.

The Pentagon also has exotic BGM-71Fs, but the currently available video from Ukraine shows classic HEAT warheads. Equipment on the other side of the screen is affected in frontal and frontal projections. The lethal effect of TOW on armored vehicles is quite high - each rocket carries about six kilograms of explosives with it. Nationalists may well use missiles not for their intended purpose, but to destroy manpower, bunkers and other fortifications. Something similar was demonstrated by anti-government groups in Syria.


Under certain circumstances, Russian Tanks withstand a TOW hit. The photo shows a Syrian T-90, presumably after a meeting with an American ATGM. Source: vk.com

The most effective TOW, especially on wheels, will work on the southern front in the Kherson region. The flat steppe is ideal for launching missiles at distant targets. However, this also makes the installations easy prey for aviation and artillery.

Among the main advantages of TOW on Hummers is high mobility. Of course, within the capabilities of the base chassis. The stationary version on a tripod weighs almost a hundred kilograms, and it cannot be called mobile. As, however, and "Stugnu-P", which is distinguished by similar weight and size parameters. Bandera's solution to this problem was simple - they took the nearest civilian minibus and transported heavy anti-tank systems along the entire front under the guise of non-combatants.

A Ukrainian missile penetrates more than one meter of homogeneous armor, and the operator is at much less risk than a TOW user. It's all about the Stugnoy control panel placed on a 50-meter cord, which is why Bandera anti-tankers work with the installation at a distance or even from a bunker. ATGMs in this design are more difficult to detect, which means that they are located closer to the line of contact. And yes, the Ukrainian missile is controlled not by wire, like TOW, but by a laser beam.

In general, with all due respect to the American design school, the Ukrainians outperformed the overseas masters here. Just because the Stugna-P is actually the newest ATGM from the Kyiv side, its military history began in 2011. Even the Javelin is much older.






Evidence of the appearance of TOW on the Hummer chassis among the nationalists. Source: Telegram

The wheelbase of the Hammer offers certain conveniences to the calculation, especially since the car is armored from light small arms and shrapnel. But compared with the Russian Kornet-D complexes, the American Lend-Lease loses outright.

The platform of the all-terrain vehicle "Tiger" is distinguished by better cross-country ability and a high rate of fire due to automatic reloading. In addition, the TOW operator has to lean out to the waist on the roof for firing and manual reloading. There is no need to talk about what advantages the BMP-3 tracked platform provides for Kornet-T.

The onset of winter will seriously complicate the work of Ukrainian birders. At least those who chose to fight on Hummers with TOWs on the roof. And the point here is not only in the disgusting cross-country ability and mine resistance of vehicles. And in the snow cover, on which massive SUVs will be visible for several kilometers from the air. And for sighting thermal imaging systems of Russian aviation - even more. Three nationalists with a dismantled TOW will be in these conditions, if not more effective, then at least with a greater chance of survival.
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  1. Toucan
    Toucan 30 November 2022 05: 30
    +4
    If the author had not been so ideological, he would not have commemorated out of place nationalists and Bandera, his publications
    looked much better.
    1. Ka-52
      Ka-52 30 November 2022 05: 49
      +14
      If the author had not been so ideological, he would not have commemorated nationalists and Bandera out of place

      in the days of the USSR and the Second World War (which everyone likes to refer to so much), in all publications the Nazis were called fascists, and not citizens or servicemen of the Deutsches Reich. Although the use of the definition "fascist" in relation to German military personnel is erroneous - the political party of the Italian nationalists has nothing to do with it. With regard to the definition of Ukrainian servicemen as nationalists and Bandera - well, there is no contradiction here. Nationalism is part of the political platform of the Ukrainian government. The image of S. Bandera is sacred at almost all levels - from the electorate to the highest echelons of power. So everything is like in a joke: "if it's green, sits in a swamp and croaks, then it's a frog, not a Belarus tractor."
      1. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 30 November 2022 06: 18
        +7
        Quote: Ka-52
        if it's green, sits in a swamp and croaks, then it's a frog, not a Belarus tractor."

        If you search well, then on our side you can find quite a few who profess frankly nationalist views. Most of those who serve in the Armed Forces of Ukraine are far from Bandera. First of all, this concerns the eastern regions of Ukraine. Although in light of recent events, a lot may have changed.
        1. Ka-52
          Ka-52 30 November 2022 07: 07
          +8
          then on our side you can find quite a few who profess frankly nationalist views.

          they also wrote to me from the "other" side, they say, you also have RNE and all sorts of Milchakovs. But ultranationalism has never enjoyed state support in Russia (officially or not). On the contrary, the National Bolsheviks and others like them are periodically chased by the security forces. Some are taking real time. But in Ukraine, this is a completely legalized policy. Tyagniboks are not only members of the legislative and executive authorities, but are a significant part of the political establishment.
          But the discussion of this is not related to the topic of the article, so I think it is not worth developing a discussion on this matter. hi
    2. ZnaxarJorge
      ZnaxarJorge 5 December 2022 00: 19
      +1
      Nationalism is concern for the nation and the interests of the nation come first. No more. The USSR was in its best years quite nationalistic, although the Soviet nation never fully developed. If there were less Abramovich and more nationalism in modern Russia, instead of the vile NVO-non-war, there would be real protection of Russia's interests.
  2. Magic archer
    Magic archer 30 November 2022 05: 34
    -1
    Installing an ATGM on a knee-mounted chassis is a good idea. That's just why we haven't implemented it yet, that's the question ... I think the Cornet on the Tiger is in no way inferior to the American. Convenient, mobile.
    1. Coward
      Coward 30 November 2022 05: 59
      +3
      Is it that hatred for Russia is so manifested? It has long been on the tiger, and there is also a "Chrysanthemum" on a caterpillar track.
      1. Magic archer
        Magic archer 30 November 2022 07: 45
        -5
        And what does the hatred of Russia have to do with it!? For this nonsense, minus you. Regarding what is there on the Tigers ... well, it might be in parades, but it’s not visible in the troops. And by the way, what does Chrysanthemum have to do with it, if we are talking about exactly about the wheel drive!? Good luck, Coward wassat
    2. mitroha
      mitroha 30 November 2022 06: 12
      +2
      Quote: Magic Archer
      Installing an ATGM on a knee-mounted chassis is a good idea. That's just why we haven't implemented it yet, that's the question ... I think the Cornet on the Tiger is in no way inferior to the American. Convenient, mobile.

      From the article, if you read it:
      But compared with the Russian Kornet-D complexes, the American Lend-Lease loses outright.

      The platform of the all-terrain vehicle "Tiger" is distinguished by better cross-country ability and a high rate of fire due to automatic reloading.
      1. Magic archer
        Magic archer 30 November 2022 07: 46
        -2
        Answered a little higher. Not in the troops. At least there is no video or photo with this technique
        1. Coward
          Coward 30 November 2022 08: 30
          +2
          How I like people like you. If you haven’t seen something, then it doesn’t exist in nature.
  3. Alex 1970
    Alex 1970 30 November 2022 06: 35
    +1
    The supply of this and that ... probably already sounds blurred and intrusive - to destroy the logistics routes, otherwise it will be endless "this weapon is a danger to Russian technology", this of course does not apply to the author.
  4. Pankrat25
    Pankrat25 30 November 2022 07: 27
    +4
    Wow, is the printed circuit board in the photo with radio elements from the early 1980s - this is the latest squeak of Western technology that liberals are not silent about? Show me where the 7nm technology is?! wassat
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 30 November 2022 08: 32
      +6
      and the printed circuit board in the photo with radio elements from the early 1980s
      It looks like the late 60's, not the early 80's. I was very surprised to see this.
    2. User_neydobniu
      User_neydobniu 30 November 2022 10: 35
      -5
      Wow, is the printed circuit board in the photo with radio elements from the early 1980s - this is the latest squeak of Western technology that liberals are not silent about? Show me where the 7nm technology is?!


      the contract for the development of "TOW / HAW" was received by the company "Hughes", which carried out development work in the period from 1963 to 1968

      How is the cheers- "patriotic" frenzy still not going away?
    3. Foul skeptic
      Foul skeptic 30 November 2022 11: 01
      0
      Wow, and the circuit board in the photo with radio elements from the early 1980s

      What is the dissonance? Photo from the museum. Techniques, the first modifications of which appeared in the 70s.
    4. vadimtt
      vadimtt 30 November 2022 11: 19
      -3
      Does the TOU have a multispectral head with recognition and homing? If not, then why is there 7nm?
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 30 November 2022 07: 48
    0
    TOW missiles in Ukraine

    The most effective TOW, especially on wheels, will work on the southern front in the Kherson region. The flat steppe is ideal for launching missiles at distant targets. However, this also makes the installations easy prey for aviation and artillery.

    Every stick has two ends!
    The threat is real, and it will not be childish to fight such a threat ...
  6. Zufei
    Zufei 30 November 2022 08: 11
    +1
    TOW does not "shine" with a laser, it is detected during a hit.
    1. vadimtt
      vadimtt 30 November 2022 11: 21
      +2
      And during launch.

      The comment is not short, but the script is stupid.
  7. Bingo
    Bingo 30 November 2022 08: 54
    -7
    Zhabelin completely merged))) However, cartoons do not roll in reality
  8. spirit
    spirit 30 November 2022 11: 51
    +3
    The American military-industrial complex released mountains of these TOWs, from which they were not sent there before, a mystery to me. In general, it seems that the Americans supply weapons according to some plan. There is a huge amount of outdated weapons that do not go there yet, left for later? request
    1. cold wind
      cold wind 30 November 2022 17: 19
      +4
      Here the question is which TOW from dozens of options. If the BGM-71F TOW-2В with an impact core is attacking from above, then this is an extremely serious strengthening of the capabilities of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

      In general, the United States can ship 1-2 M000A1, 1-2 Bradley, 3-000 M4, 5-000 F-113/200/300 in a few months. Everything is in stock and in good condition. Only they do not benefit from a quick end to the war, they need this sluggish bleeding of Ukraine and Russia. In addition, they have 15-16 million reservists, they need to be armed with something, for 18 days of service a year you can only maintain knowledge, you cannot teach new technology.
      1. Negro
        Negro 30 November 2022 20: 51
        +4
        Quote from cold wind
        In addition, they have 6-8 million reservists

        Some very strange argument. Any American politician who voices something like that will immediately go to the foolhouse because
        1. What is he up to that you need to call on 6 million Americans?
        2. Is it that American conscripts on the M113 during the Vietnam War, or what, will they fight?
        1. cold wind
          cold wind 30 November 2022 21: 04
          +2
          That's why they don't say it. Of course they will fight on the Humvee and M113. If the motherland orders. All this in case of a global war with Russia and China. Such a reserve is simply not kept. This is without taking into account the reserve for mobilization.
          And so the M113 has not been decommissioned and will be in service for a very long time. This is the past, present and future of the US military.
          1. Negro
            Negro 1 December 2022 09: 59
            +1
            Quote from cold wind
            Of course they will fight on the Humvee and M113

            If the motherland orders such nonsense, they will go to take Washington. For nefig. If Wilson has a ride, this does not mean that it will work any other time.

            Mobilizing people and not giving them normal weapons is a bad thing even in Russia.
    2. evgen1221
      evgen1221 30 November 2022 18: 35
      +1
      So for them, this is a training ground in the first place, and in the second, they hope to win, and then with what to finish off the remnants of the Russian army to Vladivostok? - a reserve is needed despite any fairy tales about empty warehouses.
  9. Sadok
    Sadok 30 November 2022 12: 32
    -2
    allocated to help Ukrainian nationalists


    yes, the Nazis. when will authors stop confusing these concepts, and editors will stop "for printing"?
    1. IImonolitII
      IImonolitII 30 November 2022 18: 48
      -1
      Did he appear on the extreme NSDAP? If not, then they are nationalists, and Russian nationalists are no better.
  10. kalita
    kalita 30 November 2022 16: 33
    +1
    THE EMBASSY OF UKRAINE BLOWED IN MADRID
    1. evgen1221
      evgen1221 30 November 2022 18: 32
      0
      Let's laugh with insane crossbows.
  11. evgen1221
    evgen1221 30 November 2022 18: 31
    0
    Well, do not write off the smuggling from urine to Africa, which the African Union has recently taken seriously. They could use and push what they can’t right now.
  12. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 30 November 2022 19: 38
    +1
    TOU powerful system 150mm ... Cornet level (Maybe heavier and more massive) Rockets to them with a shaft, several generations. Enough for any modern tank of a TOU-2V missile ..... You need to cut a serial KAZ
  13. runway-1
    runway-1 30 November 2022 20: 41
    +1
    Quote: Tucan
    If the author had not been so ideological, he would not have commemorated out of place nationalists and Bandera, his publications
    looked much better.

    As well as Nazis and militants (although everything is very clear what kind of "trend" this is) ...
  14. Alex013
    Alex013 30 November 2022 22: 39
    -1
    "... Hammers with anti-tank missile systems do not turn their tongues with modern weapons. These 4,6-ton lightly armored vehicles can only work effectively on asphalt and hard ground...." - from personal experience, Hammer 3 is fine spring chernozem walks when overloaded, the 1st is definitely better
  15. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek Today, 14: 25
    0
    В любом случае - это БронеХавми+ 150мм ПТРК+ ночная оптика+современная радиосвязь. По окопам они ездить не будут, они нужны для ПТ резерва. 150мм(при попадании) остановит любой танк. Даже, если не пробьет. Это тяжелый ПТРК. Аналог КОРНЕТ.