Military Review

"Cherche la femme": How a devoted Polish gentry Bohdan Khmelnitsky became the one who united the Hetmanate with the Russian Tsardom

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"Cherche la femme": How a devoted Polish gentry Bohdan Khmelnitsky became the one who united the Hetmanate with the Russian Tsardom

The hetman of the Zaporizhian army, Bogdan Khmelnytsky, entered the history including as a person who united Russia with Ukraine (more precisely: the Russian Kingdom with the Hetmanate). It was he who in 1648 signed a petition addressed to the Moscow sovereign for the entry of the lands of the Zaporizhzhya army into the Russian state.


However, it is worth noting that Khmelnitsky did not always strive for reunification with the Russian Tsardom. Rather, his decision was influenced by the case, and to be more precise, the woman.

Recall that the future hetman was an exemplary Polish gentry, who during the Russian-Polish war led one of the detachments of the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks and fought against the troops of Moscow. Moreover, he was personally acquainted with the king of the Commonwealth, Vladislav IV, from whom he received a golden saber as a reward for bravery during the siege of Russian Smolensk.

After the death of his wife, Khmelnitsky had a woman named Elena as a servant, who looked after his children and whom he was going to marry.

However, during one of the periods of absence of the future hetman, the Polish elder Chaplinsky attacked his farm, killed his son Khmelnitsky and took Elena with him, whom he then married according to Catholic customs.

According to historical references, Khmelnitsky then turned to Vladislav IV for help. However, the king could not help him.

That you seek the truth in royal courts. Defend your truth with a saber in your hands

- Vladislav IV allegedly answered then.

As a matter of fact, this incident predetermined further events in the Zaporizhian army, which Khmelnitsky led immediately after returning from the Commonwealth.

Despite the fact that the Hetmanate became part of the Russian Tsardom only 6 years after Khmelnytsky signed the aforementioned petition, it was the incident with Elena that became the turning point in the fate of the hetman, which prompted him to make such a decision. At least that's what one version sounds like.

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  1. svp67
    svp67 18 November 2022 18: 13
    +6
    it was the case with Elena that became the turning point in the fate of the hetman, which prompted him to make such a decision
    Well, yes ... Elena in general in the History of women is "fatal"

    But here the roots of the events that took place are much deeper. There would be no Hop, there would be someone else. Painfully, the policy of the Commonwealth on the territory of Ukraine was cruel and smacks of real genocide.
  2. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 18 November 2022 18: 19
    0
    Russian Tsardom with Hetmanate
    petition addressed to the Moscow sovereign about the entry of the lands of the troops Zaporizhzhya into the Russian state.
    Always the former territory, it remains so. request
    According to historical references, Khmelnitsky then turned to Vladislav IV for help. However, the king couldn't do anything to help.
    DID NOT WANT TO HELP. Khmelnytsky wanted justice, but there is no justice for the pans for cotton. And here is a woman? fool
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 18 November 2022 18: 58
      +4
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      According to historical references, Khmelnitsky then turned to Vladislav IV for help. However, the king could not help him.
      DID NOT WANT TO HELP. Khmelnytsky wanted justice, but there is no justice for the pans for cotton. And here is a woman?

      This is a good tale about Bogdan Khmelnitsky, invented at first by the historiography of the Ukrainian SSR, but in fact there was another reason, when Bogdan felt himself a great hetman, but the Polish king did not forgive him for this. It was necessary to choose a "roof" for oneself, it was either a sultan or a king, but still the woman was the reason for this.
      1. kamakama
        kamakama 18 November 2022 19: 29
        +1
        Naturally. How many people from the lackeys could not fit in just for some kind of maid. It was just a trigger for long-smoldering contradictions
  3. kamakama
    kamakama 18 November 2022 18: 19
    +6
    Either Hitler was not taken to the Academy of Arts, then the maid was taken away (although I would have been more upset for my son). Petty officials change the world
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 18 November 2022 19: 03
      +1
      Quote: kamakama
      Petty officials change the world

      Rather, petty journalists ... or whatever, God forgive me ... request
  4. Ulan.1812
    Ulan.1812 18 November 2022 18: 32
    +4
    There was no "reunification of Ukraine and Russia".
    Due to the absence of Ukraine at that time. The two parts of the Russian lands were reunited.
    This chip was invented by Khrushchev, who breathed unevenly towards Ukraine, due to the fact that at one time he was the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine.
    If I'm not mistaken, there is no word "Ukraine" in the Pereyaslav Treaty.
  5. Prisoner
    Prisoner 18 November 2022 18: 36
    +1
    laughing And the ladies in their front are weak, and the men are the same. In the majority.
  6. EvilCommunist
    EvilCommunist 18 November 2022 19: 29
    0
    How to treat the streets uninvited in his honor?
  7. Vladimir Dmitrievich Burtsev
    Vladimir Dmitrievich Burtsev 19 November 2022 20: 47
    0
    Under the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the gentry did not recognize Ukrainians as people at all. Any gentry could kill, impale a Ukrainian just like that. Khmelnitsky was not a Pole, a gentry. The death of his son and the theft of Khmelnitsky's beloved woman by the nobleman Chaplinsky were the last straw that overflowed the cup of patience of Bogdan (Zinovy) Khmelnitsky. There were many uprisings against the nobility in Little Russia. The Ukrainians themselves could not overpower the gentry. Therefore, Khmelnitsky turned to Russia for help. And what happened happened. It was in Russia that Ukrainians became prosperous people. Read Gogol. Everything is well written and detailed. Now the Westerners have made friends with the Poles and the Americans. And now thousands of Ukrainians are dying again from war and poverty. Ukrainians, like a pack of vicious dogs, the Yankees and Poles set against Russia. Anger and hatred for the Russians have deprived the Ukrainians of reason.
  8. ratoborets
    ratoborets 20 November 2022 09: 23
    0
    There was a Russian kingdom, but there was no Ukraine at all. Yes, and "Ukrainians" (or rather, ordinary ordinary Orthodox Russian people) could not know about any Ukraine, which is why they write about the Zaporizhzhya Army or the Hetmanate (due to the fact that the hetman was at the head).
  9. Mikhail Kononov
    Mikhail Kononov 20 November 2022 10: 08
    0
    The whole history of Ukrainians is one betrayal. They change owners like gloves. Even Khmelnitsky and he turned out to be from this cohort.
  10. the same doctor
    the same doctor 23 November 2022 11: 21
    0
    The politics and diplomacy of the Russian Tsardom was at its best. But even the Russians are fighting against the multi-move. And so that the Poles go over to our side ...