Military Review

"Stalingrad hell". How the Russians changed the course of the war

57
"Stalingrad hell". How the Russians changed the course of the war
The shooters of Lieutenant Rogov's unit are fighting in the area of ​​the Barrikady plant. November 1942



"Rather take the city into your own hands"


In August 1942, the German army broke through to the Volga, but could not take Stalingrad on the move. Heavy urban fighting ensued. The city burned and was destroyed. On September 12, 1942, Hitler at headquarters near Vinnitsa demanded "to take the city into his own hands rather than allow it to turn into an all-devouring focus for a long time." The commander of the 6th German Army, Paulus, asked for 3 divisions and promised to take the city in 10 days.

It is worth noting that the capture of the ruins of Stalingrad no longer had any special military significance. The Germans reached the Volga, securing the northern flank of their offensive in the Caucasus. Stalingrad ceased to be an important communications hub, which were destroyed or blocked, its factories were evacuated or destroyed. However, politics, propaganda and emotions were above reason. Stalingrad became a sacred symbol of the great war. Therefore, both sides fought as fiercely and stubbornly as possible. The Germans attacked fiercely, and the Russians fought to the death.

On September 13, 1942, the Germans launched an assault. They delivered the main blow in the direction of Mamaev Kurgan and the railway station. Hundreds of aircraft supported them from the air. From morning until dark the German aviationand artillery opened fire at night. The moorings and approaches to them were under the fire of guns and mortars around the clock. The delivery of troops and cargo for the 62nd Army was complicated to the limit.

The Soviet troops pushed back a little, but they stubbornly fought back and counterattacked. From the left bank of the Volga, our troops supported 250 guns and heavy mortars of the front-line artillery group, artillery of the 2nd tank corps, anti-aircraft artillery of the Stalingrad air defense corps area, 4 rocket artillery regiments and ships of the Volga military flotilla.


A Soviet machine-gun crew fires through a section of a street occupied by the Germans in Stalingrad. November 1942

The situation was extremely difficult. The Nazis captured Malakhov Kurgan, which dominated all of Stalingrad and the left bank of the Volga, the battle was at the command post of the 62nd Army of General Chuikov (he led the bloodless army on September 12). The Germans broke through to the central crossing.

The situation was saved by the 15th Guards Rifle Division of Rodimtsev (13 soldiers) transferred from the left bank on the night of September 10. The guards immediately entered the battle and drove the enemy out of the city center. By noon on September 16, our soldiers recaptured Malakhov Kurgan. However, in these fierce battles, the Guards Division was drained of blood and soon repelled enemy attacks.


"Stalingrad Hell"


The battle took on a real, almost apocalyptic character. Survivors called the battle "Stalingrad hell". Merciless fights went on for days. So, on the southern outskirts of Stalingrad, from September 17 to 20, there were battles for the highest elevator building in this part of the city, which was defended by a battalion of the 35th Guards Rifle Division. The elevator as a whole, but also its individual floors and storage facilities, changed hands several times.

The division commander, Colonel Dubyansky, reported to Chuikov:

“The situation has changed. Previously, we were at the top of the elevator, and the Germans were at the bottom. Now we have knocked out the Germans from below, but they have penetrated upwards, and there, in the upper part of the elevator, there is a fight going on.”

There were dozens, hundreds of such objects and places in the city, large and small. For days, weeks and months there was a merciless struggle for every room, landing of stairs, floor, basement, house, workshop ruins or height. Until September 27, a bloody battle went on for the station. Thirteen times it changed hands, during each assault both sides lost hundreds of fighters. The Germans began to change tactics, abandoning frontal, large-scale attacks. They attacked in narrow areas, within 1–2 blocks, with the forces of a battalion or regiment, with the support of several tanks and self-propelled guns.

“It was a truly titanic struggle of man against man,” wrote General von Butlar, “in which the German grenadiers and sappers, who had all modern combat equipment, slowly made their way through the city in street battles. Such large factories as the factory to them. Dzerzhinsky, "Red Barricades" and "Red October", had to be stormed separately and for several days. The city turned into a sea of ​​fire, smoke, dust and ruins. It absorbed the flows of German and Russian blood, gradually turning into the Verdun of the Second World War ... the Russians fought with fanatical tenacity ... The losses on both sides were enormous.


Soviet artillerymen firing from a 76,2 mm divisional gun mod. 1939 near Stalingrad. November 1942

The Soviet army was reinforced by the 95th and 284th rifle divisions, the 137th tank and 92nd marine brigade. The headquarters of the completely bled regiments were taken to the left bank, replenished and returned to their positions. The 62nd Army received brigade after brigade, division after division. According to Marshal Golikov, in September the 62nd Army received seven fresh full-blooded divisions and five separate rifle brigades, and nine bled-out divisions were withdrawn for replenishment. Armaments were flowing in a powerful stream.

On September 18, 1942, the Red Army launched a counterattack from the north with the forces of the 1st Guards and 24th Armies in order to restore a united front with the 62nd Army. It was a frontal attack on the bare steppe. The Germans had strong defenses here and were ready to attack. Our troops fruitlessly attacked until the end of the month, but could not break the enemy defenses. The 1st Guards Army, which suffered heavy losses, was disbanded.

On September 21, German troops with the forces of 5 divisions delivered a new powerful blow in Stalingrad. On the 22nd, the 62nd Army was cut in half. On the site of Rodimtsev's division, which literally ended, the Nazis reached the central crossing north of the Tsaritsa River. The Germans were able to attack the rear of the Soviet army and attack along the river.

General Rodimtsev recalled:

“Among the flames and smoke, under the continuous fire of machine guns, artillery and tanks, under the bombing attacks of enemy aircraft, the guardsmen fought to the death, defending every street, every house. Violent hand-to-hand fights broke out every now and then. It truly was hell. I have been in more than one battle, but in such a fight I had a chance to participate for the first time.

Chuikov threw the fresh 284th division of Lieutenant Colonel Batyuk into a counterattack. Russian soldiers in a fierce 2-day battle stopped the advance of the enemy from the area of ​​the central pier to the north. By the evening of September 24, the fighting began to subside. The Germans were exhausted.


Soviet gunners set up a 45 mm 53-K cannon in a new position against the wall of a building in Stalingrad. November 1942

The triumph and the greatest glory of the Russian infantry


The Battle of Stalingrad led to the birth of a new Russian infantry, the stormtroopers. Soviet troops created strongholds with garrisons, which for quite a long time could conduct all-round defense on their own. Chuikovtsy during air strikes and artillery preparation of the enemy got close to the positions of the enemy, deliberately went into close combat. There was practically no neutral zone. The defenders of the city learned to let enemy tanks through, exposing them to the fire of anti-tank artillery, armor-piercers, and cutting off the infantry. They skillfully erected engineering barriers and camouflaged themselves, maneuvered and counterattacked, massively used snipers, among which real heroes appeared.

Street fighting tactics were born. They acted not only in platoons, squads, but also in assault groups, small in number, but mobile and well-armed with machine guns, grenades, flamethrowers, explosives and knives. Behind the attack aircraft were reinforcement groups armed with machine guns, light mortars, anti-tank rifles and mines.

The Red Army soldiers and their direct commanders received real freedom, left without a high command, which was located beyond the Volga. Soldiers and battalion commanders, in order to survive and win, showed initiative, determination and ingenuity. Real field commanders appeared, who fought and died next to their fighters. The commander of the Stalingrad Front, Eremenko, turned out to be a good rear organizer, supplying the 62nd Army with everything necessary. Chuikov was merciless, appreciated real fighters, and his troops fought to the death.


Commander of the 62nd Army, Lieutenant General Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (1900–1982) working with a map during the battles in Stalingrad

In late September - early October 1942, active hostilities were fought on the northern outskirts for the villages of the Krasny Oktyabr and Barrikada factories, and from October 4 - for these factories themselves. At the same time, the Nazis were attacking in the center on Mamayev Kurgan and on the extreme right flank of the 62nd Army in the Orlovka area. The Nazis again captured Malakhov Kurgan. Now they could view and shoot through the entire territory held by the Stalingrad garrison, as well as the crossings across the Volga. The troops defending in the area of ​​the mouth of the Tsaritsa River had to retreat to the left bank of the Volga.

The 62nd Army responded with attacks from fresh 39th Guards, 193rd, and 308th Rifle Divisions. The battles were characterized by an extreme degree of bitterness. The 193rd division of General Smekhotvorov lost 6/4 of its personnel in 5 days of fighting. In the regiments of the 13th and 35th Guards and the 10th division of the NKVD, only headquarters remained for two weeks of fighting. Most of the German divisions were downsized to a regiment. The German 6th Army was losing striking power.


Soviet assault group before the attack in Stalingrad

Decisive assault


On October 14, 1942, Hitler ordered the army to go on the defensive along the entire Russian front line, except for the Stalingrad direction and the North Caucasus. It was the collapse of the entire German war strategy. However, the Germans still tried to take the Stalingrad ruins.

In mid-October, the 6th Army was preparing for a new decisive assault. Paulus concentrated in the area of ​​​​factories on a 5-kilometer section of 5 divisions (including 2 tank divisions). Reinforcements, engineering and anti-tank units were pulled up to the city. 5 sapper battalions were transferred from the Reich by air. They replenished and prepared 8 German divisions, numbering 90 thousand soldiers and officers, with 2 guns and 300 tanks. The 300th Panzer and 14th Motorized Divisions were in reserve. The assault was supported by the 29th Air Corps in full strength.

Chuikov's army at that time had 55 men, 1 guns and mortars, and 400 tanks. The 80th Air Army had 8 combat aircraft.

On the morning of October 14, 1942, after powerful artillery preparation and air strikes, the Nazis stormed the city. 5 German divisions broke through on a 4-kilometer stretch between the Stalingrad Tractor Plant and the Barricades, trying to dismember the 62nd Army and destroy it. Only German planes were in the air. By evening, units of the 112th, 308th Rifle and 37th Guards Divisions, having suffered heavy losses, fought in the encirclement. On the 15th, the Nazis took the tractor factory, fell through to the Volga and cut the battle formations of the 62nd Army into two parts. In the north, a group of General Gorokhov was formed, which took up defensive positions in the Market-Spartanovka area and held out until the end of the entire battle.

On October 16, German troops attacked the main forces of the 62nd Army, leading the offensive along the Volga to the south. The army was bled. From some parts, only a few dozen people remained. On the 17th, Lyudnikov's 138th division was transported across the river and thrown into battle. On the 18th, German attacks lose their former power. The 6th German Army was exhausted physically and morally, bogged down in battles. By the end of October, the German offensive slowed down, although in the area between the Barrikady and Krasny Oktyabr factories, no more than a few hundred meters remained to go to the Volga. In early November, there were local battles.

On October 19, in order to alleviate the position of the 62nd Army, the troops of the Don Front of Rokossovsky went on the offensive from the area north of the city. The main blow was carried by the 66th Army of General Zhadov. The army attacked until 26 October, but without success. South of Stalingrad, on October 22, the shock group of Shumilov's 64th army launched an attack, but also without much success. The fighting continued until the beginning of November.


German soldiers at the entrance to the entrance of a destroyed building in Stalingrad. Autumn 1942


Portrait of a German soldier during the battles for Stalingrad


German infantry take cover behind stacks of steel blanks (blooms) at the Krasny Oktyabr plant during the battles for Stalingrad

"Uranus"


The Fuhrer demanded to take the city, and Paulus had to prepare another attack. On November 11, 1942, 7 German divisions (including 2 tank divisions) went on the attack again. At that time, there was an ice drift on the Volga, which greatly worsened the position of the 62nd Army, cut off from the rear. In a narrow section of 500–600 m near the Barrikady plant, the Nazis managed to break through the defenses of the 95th Infantry Division and reach the Volga.

"Drunk or crazed fascists climbed ahead",

Chuikov noted. The combat formations of the Chuikovites were cut for the third time. The 138th division was cut off from the main forces - the so-called. "Island of Ludnikov". This was the last success of the Paulus army. On the other sectors of the front, the Chuikovites held out. Fighting in the city continued until 20 November.

Chuikov won precious time. The selected German army was stuck in the ruins of the city, having lost the opportunity to maneuver. Stalingrad, as the Fuhrer feared, turned into "an all-devouring focus." In the battle between the Volga and the Don, the Germans lost hundreds of thousands of people. When the offensive fizzled out, the German group found itself on a huge arc with a peak near Stalingrad in the interfluve of the Volga and Don. Its flanks northwest and south of the city were defended by less efficient Romanian and Italian formations. There were no large operational reserves. Communications were stretched. The chief of the German General Staff, Halder, proposed to shorten the front line and withdraw divisions to the Don line. The Fuhrer was against it.

Favorable conditions appeared for the counteroffensive of the Red Army. From the end of September 1942, preparations began for a large offensive operation in the Stalingrad direction. At the first stage of the operation, they planned to encircle the 6th army of the enemy, then develop an offensive on Rostov, creating a threat of encirclement of the German group in the Caucasus.

They were going to strike the main blow in the southeast direction from the bridgeheads in the area of ​​Serafimovich and Kletskaya in the zone of the 3rd Romanian army with access to the rear of the 6th army. This region of the steppe was so remote from Stalingrad that the German mobile formations concentrated around the city would not have had time to save the situation in the event of an enemy breakthrough. The second strike force was to advance south of Stalingrad from the Sarpinsky Lakes region in the zone of the 4th Romanian army, closing the encirclement in the Kalach region.


This time, the Soviet command succeeded in misleading the enemy about the place, time of the strike, and our forces. The blow was expected against the northern flank of Army Group B, in the sector of the 8th Italian Army. It was believed that the Russians were exhausted by heavy battles and did not have the strength for a large offensive, and this was a big mistake.

November 19, 1942 began the "Stalin holiday" - operation "Uranus". The Soviet armies made a breakthrough on both flanks - on the Don and south of Stalingrad - and began to envelop the enemy. The attempts of the Nazis to fend off the blow were belated. Tank and motorized formations, which were transferred to the place of the breakthrough, were late, entered into battle in parts, and were defeated under the blows of the superior forces of the Red Army. That is, what the Germans had done with our troops was repeated. The Russians turned out to be good students.

On November 23, the mobile formations of the Southwestern and Stalingrad fronts linked up east of Kalach. The Stalingrad cauldron was formed, into which 270 thousand enemy soldiers fell.

It was a turning point in the war.


The calculation of the Soviet 82-mm mortar covers the retractable machine gunners near Stalingrad. December 1942


Soviet soldiers in camouflage suits are searching for the enemy in the workshop of the Stalingrad plant


Soviet mechanized unit during the offensive near Stalingrad. In the foreground are M-72 motorcycles. Behind - tanks T-34-76. November 1942
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, http://waralbum.ru/
57 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 19 November 2022 05: 48
    0
    Stalingrad, as the Fuhrer feared, turned into "an all-devouring focus"
    Is that exactly what he said? And at the same time he drove forward, "In focus" soldier? ... does not fit. request
    the Russians fought with fanatical tenacity ... Losses on both sides were huge
    So, the Russians are fanatics (a favorite definition of fascists for us), and the Germans just went out for a walk. request
    1. dmi.pris
      dmi.pris 19 November 2022 16: 54
      +4
      This is Samsonov. There are no words, what a distorter of history. Not Russian, but Soviet Warriors ... There were different nationalities. But this character, on the forehead, on the forehead
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 20 November 2022 07: 57
        +2
        Quote: dmi.pris
        This is Samsonov. There are no words, what a distorter of history. Not Russian, but Soviet Warriors ...

        belay It was not Samsonov who wrote, but the German general, and Samsonov quoted. Do not sleep! Having prepared the dirt, do not rush to throw it on the fan, who knows which way it will fly. A Samsonov
        Soviet mechanized unit
        Soviet soldiers in camouflage suits
        Calculation of the Soviet 82-mm mortar,

        Here's a question for you, dear: "Why does it turn people like you out of themselves, if they write "Russians" this and that, they say hundreds of nationalities fought there, and when they just write" German troops ", then everything is fine, but there was a third of the allies? You probably also won the Soviet people in spite of, and not thanks to, the Stalinist leadership (I will clarify, the RCP (b))? recourse
        1. dmi.pris
          dmi.pris 20 November 2022 08: 41
          0
          It turns out that Samsonov does not quote, and often copy-pastes articles from Western sources without correcting them .. Namely, the Soviet People won. Including thanks to the Stalinist leadership.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 21 November 2022 11: 20
          +1
          Quote: Mavrikiy
          A Samsonov
          Soviet mechanized unit
          Soviet soldiers in camouflage suits
          Calculation of the Soviet 82-mm mortar
          ,

          So this is not an article, but signatures that are simply copied from sources. And in the article, the Soviet army and the Soviet people are stubbornly referred to as Russians. In general, a classic case - as for the garter of the current state (which ten years ago odd president counted twenty years of history) to the glorious past rewrite through up to the binder ©.
      2. The point
        The point 20 November 2022 12: 35
        +2
        It hurt quite a lot in the eyes. Why only Russian soldiers? And why are the soldiers of other nationalities of the Soviet Union not mentioned?
  2. Stas157
    Stas157 19 November 2022 05: 54
    +6
    . Hundreds of aircraft supported them from the air. From morning until dark, German aircraft circled over the Volga, and artillery opened fire at night. The moorings and approaches to them were under the fire of guns and mortars around the clock. The delivery of troops and cargo for the 62nd Army was complicated to the limit.

    Now it is easier to act when there are problems with logistics. Modern Russian methods of warfare emerged. Such as regrouping, a gesture of goodwill and moving to more advantageous frontiers.
    1. Alexander_Snegirev
      Alexander_Snegirev 19 November 2022 06: 09
      -14
      Quote: Stas157
      Modern Russian methods of warfare emerged. Such as regrouping and goodwill gestures.

      They are better than the Soviet methods of leaving their troops in German pockets. Those who surrendered in the summer of 1941, the Germans rotted and froze in the winter of 1941-1942.
      1. Stas157
        Stas157 19 November 2022 06: 35
        +11
        Quote: Alexander_Snegirev
        They are better than Soviet methods leaving their troops in German boilers

        You are wrong in classifying them as methods. These were mistakes and miscalculations.
        Then things were honestly called by their proper names.
        The retreat was not called a regrouping.
        And the cities were not left without a fight.
        1. Alexander_Snegirev
          Alexander_Snegirev 19 November 2022 10: 17
          -10
          Quote: Stas157

          Then things were honestly called by their proper names.

          Radios were seized from the population of the USSR at the beginning of the war, so that the Germans would not inform them about the boilers of 1941. The boiler in the Bialystok-Minsk section (the so-called Novogrudok "boiler") formally closed already on June 28, 1941. Army Group Center reported on the end of the fighting in this area in its operational report dated July 8, 1941. The number of those killed or taken prisoner on our part can be estimated at about 200 thousand people. As for the Army Group Center, 10 days of fighting cost it approximately 15-16 thousand people. This is perhaps about a third of the total losses of the German army in the border battles on the Eastern Front. Another major pocket is the battle near Uman in August 1941. Almost simultaneously, the Smolensk "cauldron" happened. By September it is already Kyiv and Melitopol. In October - Vyazma and Bryansk.
          The regroupings of 2022 are the result of miscalculations when planning the SVO, the goal is to prevent boilers.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 21 November 2022 11: 30
          -1
          Quote: Stas157
          Then things were honestly called by their proper names.
          The retreat was not called a regrouping.

          Then they were just silent. And people learned about the next retreat indirectly, when a new direction suddenly appeared in the reports of the Sovinformburo, and the old one disappeared somewhere.
          Quote: Stas157
          And the cities were not left without a fight.

          By mid-July 1941, we left almost the entire Baltic - the Germans reached the forefield of the Luga line. At the same time, only Riga was left with a fight, and even hooked on Tallinn.
          Or you can remember how Comrade Budyonny in 1942 left Rostov-on-Don to the border of the Caucasus Range.
      2. Jager
        Jager 19 November 2022 15: 36
        +6
        Near Vyazma and Smolensk, the encircled units fought to the last and distracted, squandered the huge resources of the Germans, which were just not enough in the end for the decisive battle for Moscow.
  3. 2112vda
    2112vda 19 November 2022 07: 20
    +27
    Hey Alexander! There is no Malakhov Kurgan in Stalingrad, we have Mamaev Kurgan.
    1. Oleg Ogorod
      Oleg Ogorod 20 November 2022 20: 54
      -1
      Who are you talking to? This is a specialist in the history of Stalingrad, if this stupid person wrote Malakhov Kurgan, an urgent need to rename mamayka to Malakhovka.
      It's just kabzdets from such historical specialists.
      10 years without the right to correspond must be given.
  4. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 19 November 2022 08: 15
    0
    I don’t understand one thing why the Germans didn’t throw the whole shobla from Italy and Romania into Stalingrad, is this something to take care of?
    1. Former soldier
      Former soldier 19 November 2022 13: 55
      +2
      I don’t understand one thing why the Germans didn’t throw the whole shobla from Italy and Romania into Stalingrad, is this something to take care of?

      The fighting qualities of HP and command personnel are low. They would burn out quickly in urban battles.
      1. Viktor Sergeev
        Viktor Sergeev 19 November 2022 14: 05
        0
        What is there to regret? Especially when you are sent head on to the enemy, you will trample on will and will fight as it should. Napoleon's Italians, Austrians and other evil spirits fought to the conscience. But on the flanks there would be Germans and ours would be oh how hard it would be to surround then, if at all they could.
        1. Former soldier
          Former soldier 19 November 2022 14: 22
          +2
          What is there to regret? Especially when you are sent head on to the enemy, you will trample on will and will fight as it should. Napoleon's Italians, Austrians and other evil spirits fought to the conscience. But on the flanks there would be Germans and ours would be oh how hard it would be to surround then, if at all they could.

          Maybe so. In general, there is an assumption that the Germans, as the cold weather approached, all gathered in Stalingrad like cockroaches at a warm battery. Although there are ruins, there are cellars, so there is a greater chance of escaping and warming up than in the bare snowless steppe, where there were no materials for dugouts and dugouts. In short, they abandoned the Italians and Romanians in the bare steppe.
        2. Hagen
          Hagen 22 November 2022 06: 28
          +1
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          What is there to regret?

          The question is not pity, but expediency when striving to solve a combat mission. Therefore, there is nothing particularly surprising and incomprehensible. The Germans covered the flanks with what was available. Here is the result. I think that after the Moscow offensive operation, where Zhukov showed off his decisions, he was specially sent from Stalingrad near Rzhev to demonstrate to the Germans the accents in prioritization. T.s. strategic disinformation operation of our Supreme Command.
    2. Dkuznecov
      Dkuznecov 20 November 2022 23: 05
      -1
      In Africa, the Mediterranean and the Balkans, there was a strong lupilovo,
      and there is not a word about it in the article.
      Not to mention several years of war between Britain and Germany alone.
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 November 2022 11: 36
      0
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      I don’t understand one thing why the Germans didn’t throw the whole shobla from Italy and Romania into Stalingrad, is this something to take care of?

      Because the result was important to Paulus, not the process.
      If you throw Romanians, Italians and Hungarians into Stalingrad, they will simply lie there without achieving significant success. And the defense lines from which they were removed will have to be plugged by the Germans. That is, when this camp is reduced to zero, and it will be necessary to build on their success, then there will be no strength for this - all racially loyal reserves will be scattered along the flanks.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 19 November 2022 09: 47
    +13
    The Nazis again captured Malakhov Kurgan.
    Those. did the Nazis capture Malakhov Kurgan in Sevastopol and from there they began to shell Stalingrad? smile Mamaev Kurgan with Malakhov, it is difficult to confuse, they are located in different cities.
    1. ArchiPhil
      ArchiPhil 19 November 2022 12: 43
      +8
      Quote: parusnik
      Mamaev Kurgan with Malakhov, it is difficult to confuse, they are located in different cities.

      The man was in a hurry. After all? *Not a day without a line.* bully
      Crazy schedule, you know? fellow
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 19 November 2022 14: 22
        +6
        Not a day without a line.
        In this case, kanesh .. not a day without a line, a strong argument. smile
  6. Private SA
    Private SA 19 November 2022 09: 49
    +5
    Very informative article. Like you are a six-volume "History of the Great Patriotic
    War of the Soviet Union 1941-1945" from the Military Publishing House of the Ministry of Defense
    Union of the SSR, (Moscow, 1962), did you read the memoirs of Chuikov and Lyudnikov?
    I repeat, my grandfather was there in the guard (VOHR) of the Stalingrad Tractor,
    was seriously shell-shocked during the bombing on August 23 and drowned in a boat while crossing
    to the left bank. Like you Nekrasov "In the trenches of Stalingrad" and Simonov "Days and nights"
    did not read?
    1. Piligrim
      Piligrim 25 November 2022 21: 20
      0
      Mine was on fire in the tank on Mamaev and eventually reached Berlin.
  7. Nephilim
    Nephilim 19 November 2022 10: 24
    +7
    The Nazis again captured Malakhov Kurgan.

    Author:
    Alexander Samsonov

    No comment.
    1. Kosta153
      Kosta153 19 November 2022 19: 41
      +1
      Why is the author not indicated at the beginning of the article?
      1. victor50
        victor50 19 November 2022 22: 51
        -1
        Quote: Kosta153
        Why is the author not indicated at the beginning of the article?

        In this case, the title "Like Russians ..." the author is obvious.
      2. Hagen
        Hagen 22 November 2022 06: 08
        -1
        Quote: Kosta153
        Why is the author not indicated at the beginning of the article?

        What for? The article is short. With one movement of the hand, you are already at the end .... here is the author, hello. Although often you can not look. The bird can be seen in flight. wink It doesn't always make sense to comment. Especially when they try to control Stalingrad from Malakhov Kurgan ..... It's almost like from the Krupsky mausoleum. It would be funny to read in the comments, but here, in fact, the author receiving money for his work ... Not solid.
  8. your vsr 66-67
    your vsr 66-67 19 November 2022 10: 27
    0
    The banners of the Soviet Army are covered with victories and glory!
    The glorious traditions of our fathers and grandfathers must continue to be continued by the soldiers of the Russian Army!
    1. Mavrikiy
      Mavrikiy 20 November 2022 09: 28
      -2
      Quote: your vsr 66-67
      Covered with victories and glory banners of the Soviet Army!
      The glorious traditions of our fathers and grandfathers must continue to be continued by the soldiers of the Russian Army!
      fool From the beginning, change the banners to the banners of victory, then yell slogans! There is no other way, that's why the "precedents" in the Donbass with red flags are chewing in the Kremlin, they are already choking. That "cheers", then "what are we"?
      From the beginning, change the banners to the banners of victory, then yell slogans!
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 November 2022 11: 41
      0
      Quote: your vsr 66-67
      The banners of the Soviet Army are covered with victories and glory!

      But they are stubbornly trying to prove to us that this army was not Soviet, but Russian.
      And yes, what was the Soviet Army in 1942? Then the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army or simply the Red Army fought - a name that now remains only in the writings of historians.
  9. Gorynych_1977
    Gorynych_1977 19 November 2022 15: 22
    +10
    Lesson in Germany.
    The teacher asks:
    - What is the biggest city in the world.
    Hans says:
    - Stalingrad.
    Teacher:
    - Why do you think so?
    Hans:
    - Grandfather said that they walked along the same street for two hundred days, and did not reach the end.
  10. Eule
    Eule 19 November 2022 16: 10
    +6
    The author is completely wrong in that:
    the capture of the ruins of Stalingrad no longer had special military significance

    In fact, access to the Volga and skyscrapers on the shore meant cutting off the transportation of goods along the river by steamboats, since everything would be drowned. And this would cut off the Caucasus, and there is oil in general. Actually, the Germans needed to cut off the supply along the Volga, and not capture the ruins. Although the Stalingrad tractor, with its only really accurate carousel machine in the USSR for turning the "shoulder strap" of a tank turret, was also a goal. According to memoirs, Chelyabinsk tanks had a more heavily rotated turret.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 21 November 2022 11: 46
      0
      Quote: eule
      In fact, access to the Volga and skyscrapers on the shore meant cutting off the transportation of goods along the river by steamboats, since everything would be drowned. And this would cut off the Caucasus, and there is oil in general. Actually, the Germans needed to cut off the supply along the Volga, and not capture the ruins.

      So with the exit of the Germans to the Volga north of the city, the supply along the Volga had already been cut off. In this appendix, ours were hollowed from August to November - but they could not get through to the city along the shortest direction.
      After the end of August 1942, there was no need to capture Stalingrad to cut off supplies along the Wave. But to eliminate the threat from the flank and reduce the front line - yes, it is simply necessary. It was not because of a good life that the Germans had to put the Romanians in the first line, because Trishkin's caftan, which had dispersed in two operational directions, GA "South" cracked in all patches.
      1. Piligrim
        Piligrim 25 November 2022 21: 23
        0
        So they fought to remove the consequences of this exit to the Volga. That 1 + 1 can't be added together?
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 28 November 2022 10: 36
          0
          Quote: Piligrim
          So they fought to remove the consequences of this exit to the Volga. That 1 + 1 can't be added together?

          Once again: for the Germans, the battles for Stalingrad did not relate to cutting off supplies along the Volga. They had already completed this task in August, with access to the Volga north of the city and the organization of defense there, which ours did not climb even during the liquidation of the boiler.
          Paulus needed Stalingrad to release the main forces of the 6th A and eliminate the threat from the flank and rear during future actions.
  11. Aerolab
    Aerolab 19 November 2022 17: 31
    0
    The author is clearly out of his mind. What is Malakhov Kurgan? MAMAEV!!
    1. your vsr 66-67
      your vsr 66-67 20 November 2022 14: 01
      -1
      And he was impressed by Andrey Malakhov, or Gennady Malakhov! Most likely the second one.. laughing
  12. Essex62
    Essex62 19 November 2022 18: 36
    -1
    I read the title, immediately realized the Samsonovs woke up. They haven't been around in a while.
    I read this pearl to the end. Better not to do it.
  13. Losyara
    Losyara 19 November 2022 20: 29
    +3
    Yes, there were people in our time, not like the current tribe, heroes, not you. The fierceness of the battles, the stamina and exploits of our fighters became legendary and glorified the Red Army. The spirit of the Russian soldier, his stamina and strength were recognized by all commanders, both enemy and allies
  14. Radikal
    Radikal 19 November 2022 21: 22
    +2
    Before surrendering Kherson, our "commanders" had to raise these two maps of hostilities, which illustrate Samsonov's article. They show that the troops fought on the right bank, pressed to the water, but the city was not surrendered .... sad
    1. Piligrim
      Piligrim 25 November 2022 21: 30
      0
      Different times, different people, different situations, different goals, objectives, approaches to solutions. We were simply given the appropriate impression of what was happening there. Therefore, we must wait for the end of all this, then the assessments will become sane. In the meantime: "It is very easy to confuse a person with facts, but if he understands the tendencies, it is not possible to deceive him" ©
  15. Monar
    Monar 20 November 2022 06: 30
    0
    It is worth noting that the capture of the ruins of Stalingrad no longer had any special military significance. The Germans reached the Volga, securing the northern flank of their offensive in the Caucasus. Stalingrad ceased to be an important communications hub that was destroyed or blocked, its factories were evacuated or destroyed. However, politics, propaganda and emotions were above reason.

    Strange logic. According to it, it was not at all necessary to take a single more or less large settlement. Bombed the railway station to smithereens and voila!
    But something tells me that this is not the case at all.
  16. sent26
    sent26 20 November 2022 12: 12
    0
    What Malakhov Kurgan is the author persistently talking about?
    The Dzerzhinsky plant is the famous Stalingrad tractor plant, probably the author does not know about this either.
    Opposite the central checkpoints of the tractor is my native school ...
  17. Oleg Ogorod
    Oleg Ogorod 20 November 2022 21: 02
    -1
    It is worth noting that the capture of the ruins of Stalingrad no longer had any special military significance. The Germans reached the Volga, securing the northern flank of their offensive in the Caucasus. Stalingrad ceased to be an important communications hub, which were destroyed or blocked, its factories were evacuated or destroyed. However, politics, propaganda and emotions were above reason. Stalingrad became a sacred symbol of the great war. Therefore, both sides fought as fiercely and stubbornly as possible. The Germans attacked fiercely, and the Russians fought to the death.

    A typical understanding in the mind of a Ukrainian Jew.
    Only now, after a couple of months, the entrance to the Volga became for the Germans not such a win, but a big zrada.
    1. Oleg Ogorod
      Oleg Ogorod 20 November 2022 21: 19
      -1
      What the fuck are the Red Barricades, what the fuck is the Soviet Army in 1942?
      In addition to obscene words addressed to the author of this opus, there are no other words.
      It's just thrash...
      Reading this nonsense is just torture.
  18. t200404
    t200404 20 November 2022 23: 18
    -1
    It was necessary to add that no one in the USSR planned all this initially, and it just miraculously turned out well.
  19. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 21 November 2022 10: 49
    0
    It is worth noting that the capture of the ruins of Stalingrad no longer had any special military significance. The Germans reached the Volga, securing the northern flank of their offensive in the Caucasus. Stalingrad ceased to be an important communications hub, which were destroyed or blocked, its factories were evacuated or destroyed.

    What propaganda, what emotions? Paulus and Goth need to advance south and take Astrakhan. Instead, they had to constantly maneuver forces between the northern front, on which three armies regularly advanced, and Stalingrad, in which and to the south of which two more armies were sitting.
    Paulus simply had no choice - without eliminating the threat in the form of the 62nd and partly 64th armies and building a dense front from the north at the expense of the forces employed in Stalingrad, he could not move further. Because Trishkin's caftan is not endless, and he simply did not have the strength to hold two fronts while advancing on Astrakhan. And the fact that, after the weakening of the German pressure, the Red Army will go on the offensive - don’t even go to the fortuneteller, she regularly did this.
  20. Sovpadenie
    Sovpadenie 21 November 2022 14: 27
    +1
    The situation was extremely difficult. The Nazis captured Malakhov Kurgan

    Everything. This is where I stopped reading.
    Mamaev kurgan! Mamaev!
  21. Seal
    Seal 21 November 2022 18: 03
    +2
    Quote: Maksud
    It hurt quite a lot in the eyes. Why only Russian soldiers? And why are the soldiers of other nationalities of the Soviet Union not mentioned?
    Are you making a claim to the late German general von Butlar, whose work was quoted by the author? Well, what to do if in that war for the Germans all of ours were "Russian Ivans"?
    1. Vsevolod136
      Vsevolod136 25 November 2022 12: 45
      0
      Maksud was "cut in the eyes" not by the fact that "other nationalities" were not mentioned, but by the fact that the author dared to evaluate the contribution of the Russians to the victory over the Germans.
      Russophobes squirm from the truth. soldier
  22. Piligrim
    Piligrim 25 November 2022 21: 17
    0
    Well, the author ... well, son of a bitch .... But it’s okay that Malakhov Kurgan is Sevastopol, and Stalingrad is Mamayev Kurgan? ... And the fact that at that time the only source of oil in the country was Baku, and the Volga was almost the only transport artery for this reason, how is it?
    The photos are interesting, but you need to learn the "materiel" better and not rush to get into the topics in which you swim.
  23. Piligrim
    Piligrim 25 November 2022 21: 44
    0
    Pay attention to the photo "Soviet assault group before the attack in Stalingrad".
    Men in felt boots, even without galoshes. It is in a broken city to run on crumbled bricks, and also broken glass, fragments, scraps of metal ... our grandfathers were definitely "flint".
  24. Private SA
    Private SA 26 November 2022 04: 00
    0
    Quote: DKuznecov
    In Africa, the Mediterranean and the Balkans, there was a strong lupilovo

    Yes Yes . The Germans took Crete by landing and entrenched themselves in the Dodecanese Islands.
    Decided to help the Italians in Africa - and the desert fox Rommel was forced to die
    in Germany, leaving his troops there in defeat and captivity.
    There was a strong fighting going on in the fleet. That during a raid on Taranto, that in battle at
    Matapan, that during the action of German submarines during the sinking of the aircraft carrier "Eagle" and
    battleship "Barham" from torpedoes. And from the blowing up of the battleship "Queen Elizabveth" in the harbor of Alexandria.
    Etc.
    PS But our painted and widely advertised film "Stalingrad" to me
    frankly didn't like it. There "He-111" is stuck into the ground, and its screws are not bent
    plow the land...
  25. Altmann
    Altmann 28 November 2022 19: 51
    0
    I am a foreigner and I write calmly that I like the article in this version. The courage of the Red Army was incredible. It was a fight to the death. Russian soldiers were better. Of course, there are various modifications, but I have no right to say anything about it. This is a battle of battles. He is still studying in military schools. am