Military Review

Gas solitaire - we change Ukraine to Turkey, and Nord Streams to Turkish

53
Gas solitaire - we change Ukraine to Turkey, and Nord Streams to Turkish



Invitation to the hub


The Turkish hub for Russian gas going to Europe is designed to replace not only and not so much supplies via Nord Stream. An alternative is also required for the route through Belarus (“Yamal-Europe”) and even more so through Ukraine. And already in the near future.

While gas transit through Ukraine continues, which no longer surprises anyone - war is war, and gas is on schedule. The option with a Turkish hub is provocative in a sense - it is aimed at economic separation from NATO of one of the members of the alliance. But at the same time, the fireman is also in trouble - Russia is doing badly with gas transportation routes, most of which we simply cannot afford to direct for liquefaction.

The notorious turn to the East does not save either - there are also not enough transit capacities there, which threatens to close promising fields. However, in all respects, one important factor cannot be ignored - in this case, Russian supplies become dependent (https://topwar.ru/174219-russkij-transit-pod-tureckij-marsh.html).

Dependent, first of all, on Turkey's policy towards Russia. Today, the long-awaited “no” seems to be said to Kyiv about Bayraktars, but who knows what will happen tomorrow? Whether the European Union will agree to receive Russian gas only in transit through Turkey is another question, given the plans, which are already partially being implemented, to reduce “Euro-dependence” on our gas.

Baku does not sleep, so does Sofia


At the same time, we must not forget that Turkey is the only transit country for Azerbaijani gas supplied to Europe. And for obvious political reasons, it is difficult to assume that Ankara's participation in the supply of Russian gas will be a priority over participation in the supply of Azerbaijani gas.

It is also important that the direction of the "trans-Turkish" route for the transit of Russian gas to its main consumers in the EU is mainly Central Europe. And at the same time, the Turkish pipe is almost twice as long as compared to the "trans-Ukrainian" route. It will also be almost two and a half times longer than the long-suffering Nord Streams. And about the same distance in comparison with the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline that is currently inactive.


As if to spite the Russian gasmen, in the first ten days of this October, a gas pipeline 140 km from northeastern Greece to Bulgaria was put into operation. Designed for the supply of Azerbaijani gas, first in three billion, and from 2023-2024. - at least 5,5 billion cubic meters per year. This artery is scheduled to be extended in 2023–2025. including branches to North Macedonia, Serbia, Romania, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

At the same time, Greece, according to Greek sources and the all-knowing Reuters, reduced the volume of Russian gas imports by more than half in January-September 2022 compared to the same period in 2021. It is also characteristic that on the eve of the agreements between Moscow and Ankara on the gas hub, the Czech Seznam zprávy reported on October 5 with reference to the energy companies of the EU region that

“... Imports of Russian gas to the EU have fallen and do not exceed 10% of the total volume of gas imports. Europe is trying to compensate for this decline with LNG. At the end of September, more than a 50% decline in Russian gas supplies compared to last year was noticeable.
But the supply of LNG "increased to the maximum", received from Algeria, Egypt, Qatar, Nigeria, Trinidad and Tobago. Despite the fact that "its value significantly exceeds the values ​​of the previous year."

Why have they forgotten about Yamal and Europe?


Given all these factors, it seems highly controversial to hastily abandon the use of the shortest and least expensive pipeline route to Europe - the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline. That is, the route Yamal - Belarus - Poland - Germany.

To clarify: the sanctions imposed by Russia on May 11 this year. against EuRoPol GAZ, the owner of the Polish section Yamal-Europe, “mean a ban on Gazprom using the capacity of this pipeline,” confirmed Gazprom spokesman Sergey Kupriyanov. Moreover, on April 26, 2022, Poland included Gazprom in anti-Russian sanctions.

But after all, deliveries here suddenly stopped on March 29th. Moreover: "Gazprom" did not book a pumping here in April this year. in 89,1 million cubic meters. This decision was explained by "warming in Europe and the growth of liquefied natural gas reserves in the European market."

That is, the cessation of the use of this artery took place even before the Polish sanctions... So it turned out that dependence on the Turkish gas hub is inevitable for Russia in the near future. In the meantime, Russian dependence on gas supplies through Ukraine remains, if not increased.

Someone is fighting, and someone is dictating


By the way, back in the 1970s and 1980s, many Ukrainian emigrant media noted that if the USSR collapsed, Ukraine would become the “owner” of the main gas export arteries from Russia. And, they say, it will be able to dictate to Moscow and, at least, Eastern Europe, its own conditions for gas transit... However, the Turkish gas hub, according to Alexei Belogoriev, an expert on energy issues at the Institute of Energy and Finance, guarantees little for the Russian Federation:

“If there are no radical changes in the international situation, the gas hub project in Turkey, at best, will face the fate of Nord Stream 2, the construction of which tens of billions of dollars were spent. But which was never put into operation.


Yes, the project of a gas hub for the Russian Federation is very attractive for Turkey, “but for such construction it is necessary to have long-term guarantees of demand, and no one will give them to Gazprom.” Already in 2025, according to the expert, “a significant increase in the supply of LNG from traditional suppliers is expected. That will radically improve the gas balance of Europe.”

The expert also draws attention to the fact that Germany, Austria, and Italy “especially need” Russian gas in Europe. But “there are no direct gas flows from Turkey to these countries; there are many bottlenecks, including political bottlenecks, that do not allow you to quickly build this infrastructure.” Therefore, the growth of Russian gas supplies across the Turkish-European border "will not radically improve anything."
Author:
Photos used:
russiapost.su, sharij.net, wognews.net
53 comments
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 22 October 2022 16: 07
    -1
    Gas solitaire - we change Ukraine to Turkey, and Nord Streams to Turkish
    . Everyone needs energy ... although the level of consumption depends on many reasons.
    At the moment, many are very, very lacking!
    1. marchcat
      marchcat 22 October 2022 16: 19
      +3
      Even if they make Turkey a hub of Russian gas, it is from a hopeless situation. I don't think it's a brilliant idea, but still...
      1. Shurik70
        Shurik70 22 October 2022 16: 30
        0
        Turkey has ALREADY officially announced that it is ready to carry Russian oil and gas even on its own ships.
        So everyone needs it. Russia needs a buyer, the Turks will earn no less than Russia on resale, the EU is completely skiff without fuel, but somehow they will be able to get around their own sanctions.
        1. Hagen
          Hagen 24 October 2022 07: 11
          +1
          Quote: Shurik70
          Turkey has ALREADY officially announced that it is ready to carry Russian oil and gas even on its own ships.

          It’s clear with oil, but how did you tie the gas here. We didn’t have an LNG plant at the World Cup, and we won’t have it in the near future. Arctic-LNG-2 would be completed ...
          1. fif21
            fif21 26 October 2022 16: 11
            0
            Quote: Hagen
            Arctic-LNG-2 would be completed ...

            Liquefied gas - easier to sell, market WORLDWIDE. It is more expensive than pipe. And the logistics of deliveries are more flexible - whoever gives a higher price, the boat sails there. Yes, the sales department will have to spin, well, they get paid for it. Therefore, the future belongs to LNG. hi
      2. fif21
        fif21 26 October 2022 15: 51
        0
        Quote: marchcat
        I don't think it's a brilliant idea, but still...

        The Turks are already demanding lower costs and deferred payments. Those "brothers" lol
        They do not take into account at all that at the end of the NWO, the transit of gas through the territory of the former Ukraine will become safe. Gazprom has nowhere to put the loot, so they come up with ways to cut money with effective stuffing into their pockets. I see no other reasonable explanation for this project. hi
    2. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat 22 October 2022 16: 26
      +20
      We are changing ... "Awl for soap", and even with a big discount ...
    3. withoutreverse
      withoutreverse 22 October 2022 17: 36
      +7
      Some kind of biased article .. it’s not scary to pump gas and oil through Poland and Ukraine. but through Turkey .. wow, how scary)
      By the way, for those who are in the boat, Turkey has not joined the countries supporting the sanctions.
      1. John Smith
        John Smith 22 October 2022 22: 56
        +1
        Poland in the EU, so that Germany and France do not keep it, and sometimes everyone else,
        Turkey is not held by anyone and her plans are much whiter sharp
        for example, if the Poles personally shoot down a Russian plane, they will be loved by all the EU
        and the Turks? Raise tax on tomatoes? while the Poles are barking, Turkey is eating the Transcaucasus
      2. fif21
        fif21 26 October 2022 16: 18
        0
        Quote: withoutreverse
        Turkey has not joined the countries supporting the sanctions.

        It supplies weapons to Ukraine, stirs up the conflict in Karabakh, fusses about freezing the conflict in Ukraine, does not recognize Crimea as Russian. You need to be more careful with such "partners". We do not pump gas through Poland, and the Ukrainian region will soon be part of the Russian Federation. hi
    4. dmi.pris
      dmi.pris 23 October 2022 14: 03
      +1
      First of all, we need energy. We need to move away from imported components. And these are new production facilities and capacities.
      1. Hagen
        Hagen 24 October 2022 07: 13
        -1
        Quote: dmi.pris
        For ourselves, we need gas

        Do not forget that domestic gas tariffs are subsidized from export payments. Exports will be lost, tariffs inside Russia will rise.
    5. Real Pilot
      Real Pilot 29 October 2022 12: 50
      0
      This is not only energy, but also politics.
      The hub will be built later, but the Turks need to "deserve" it now.
      Therefore, this, I emphasize - political, move is fully justified.

      It is likely that the Ukrainian GTS will return to Russia, but the NWO should still end in our favor...
      But the Turkish infrastructure will not hurt either.
      But let the southern partners consider future money in their minds - maybe they will refrain from another big trick, so as not to lose profit.
  2. yuriy55
    yuriy55 22 October 2022 16: 14
    +22
    How did RI live BEFORE they discovered deposits in Siberia ... belay
    This fuss around the pipe resembles the antics of a girl with low social responsibility, who already agrees “for food” ...
    It seems that some countries - the former republics of the USSR - simply rejoice at the fact that Russia is in a position where the US and the EU rule its economy.
    You don't need to give up. It is necessary to rebuild the economy for the production of goods with added value, and not be led by moneybags who have decided that oil and gas revenues will flow forever.
    Whoever needs Russian gas - let him pull the pipe. And who needs cheap energy - let him transfer production to Russia.
    1. Sergey Valov
      Sergey Valov 22 October 2022 16: 19
      -10
      And who needs to sell gas, what would you advise?
      1. yuriy55
        yuriy55 22 October 2022 16: 37
        +24
        Quote: Sergey Valov
        And who needs to sell gas, what would you advise?

        In conditions of excess gas, one can think of year-round cultivation of vegetables and fruits in the climatic conditions of Russia.
        There is a need not to eat three throats, but to leave something for posterity.
        There are almost 40% of non-gasified Russia.
        We need to move away from a society of boundless consumption ...
        There is an opportunity to develop domestic animal husbandry with cattle kept in warm barns. In villages, there are few households with hot water.
        There are many different and useful things for Russian citizens, which the Russian government should take care of.
        And gas sales need to be gradually reduced, because it’s not a damn thing to follow the lead of those who believe that there will be enough for their lifetime ...
        1. Sergey Valov
          Sergey Valov 22 October 2022 16: 51
          -22
          Are you suggesting self-isolation? Are you a supporter of the Juche idea? World practice has shown that this path leads to a dead end.
          1. yuriy55
            yuriy55 22 October 2022 17: 18
            +16
            Quote: Sergey Valov
            Are you a supporter of the Juche idea? World practice has shown that this path leads to a dead end.

            I am a supporter of renewed socialism and sanity. And I’m also satisfied with real democracy and:
            Article 9
            1. Land and other natural resources are used and protected in the Russian Federation as the basis for the life and activity of peoples, living in the respective area.
            1. ProkletyiPirat
              ProkletyiPirat 22 October 2022 17: 41
              -17
              Quote: yuriy55
              I am a supporter of renewed socialism and sanity.

              in your posts above, this very "sanity" is not visible, only those who are blind and cannot see the forest for the trees can talk about "non-gasified Russia", we have already gasified everything that was reasonable to gasify, there are either very remote areas or places where it is unprofitable to pull a LOCAL pipe, that is, there is a main pipe in the region, there is gas in the city and large urban settlements, but there is no gas in the village of a mukhosra ***ke, and local residents do not want to pay for either a pipe or gas at increased tariffs, but for logical questions " what kind of hangover do residents of another region / city have to pay for a pipe / gas in your village "screams and emotions begin on the topic" well, they are obliged, they promised, they have it, but as soon as you start looking at the facts, it turns out that even in Germany and France, not everything is gasified ...
              1. yuriy55
                yuriy55 22 October 2022 18: 41
                +12
                Quote: ProkletyiPirat
                we have already gasified everything that was reasonable to gasify, there are either very remote areas or places where it is unprofitable to pull a LOCAL pipe

                I could tell you about the gasification of Tyva and other regions of Siberia, so that you can compare it with the profitability of SP-2, but I won’t ...
                1. ProkletyiPirat
                  ProkletyiPirat 22 October 2022 20: 40
                  -8
                  oooh yes, you just gave an example of exactly what I described above, in the entire REPUBLIC the population is 340t.ch., of which 130t.ch. lives in the capital, where most of the development is not urban, but individual housing construction, about other cities of the republic where the population is less than 20t.ch. I won't say anything at all. And now, attention, that very common sense should have told you that at the "non-gasified Kyzyl CHPP" gasification is not economically justified, simply because gasification is justified if and only if there are strong fluctuations in electricity consumption (and this population is from 300-500 tons .h.) or where there is an industry requiring gas. In general, as I wrote above, if you look at the facts, and not populist-piaristic emotions, then the prose of life is much simpler and more banal, in this case, residents will simply pay a little more money for coal or fuel oil that has burned out into empty space ....
                  1. gsev
                    gsev 23 October 2022 02: 41
                    +4
                    Quote: ProkletyiPirat
                    gasification is not economically justified, simply because gasification is justified if and only if there are strong fluctuations in electricity consumption (and this is a population of 300-500 tons) or where there is an industry that requires gas.

                    The village of Buspevo
                    The population is 200 people. Industry 20 Uzbeks. The installation of a gas power plant allowed the co-owners of the factory to buy a cool car each. Although there are problems with the reliability of the mini power plant. Crocus Center in Moscow. Own power plant reduced the cost of electricity and heat by about 3 times.
              2. dmi.pris
                dmi.pris 23 October 2022 14: 05
                +1
                About the "muhosr ..." .. Do you yourself live in the capitals? The rest are "castles"?
          2. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 22 October 2022 18: 30
            +8
            World practice has shown that this path leads to a dead end.
            Explain this to the North Koreans that they have been at an impasse since 1950. However, for some reason, Chubais ordered turbines for the Nizhne-Bureiskaya HPP from the DPRK. At that time, neither in Russia nor in Ukraine were they already able to make turbines.
            1. Sergey Valov
              Sergey Valov 22 October 2022 19: 42
              -10
              Do you want to live like in North Korea? Envy the local natives? Oh well. I'm not on my way with you.
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 22 October 2022 16: 22
      +6
      Right.
      Build 1000 and repair 1000 Ptu.
      Engage in their production and the domestic market.
      This is not isolationism, but protectionism.
      Take someone else's, which at the moment we do not have.
      What appeared is to expel partners.
      But supposedly, a market minimum of 250 million hours is needed.
    3. Doccor18
      Doccor18 22 October 2022 16: 36
      +9
      Quote: yuriy55
      This fuss around the pipe resembles the antics of a girl with low social responsibility, who already agrees “for food” ...

      So what's the way out?
      Could it be like this
      The fact that it is time to tie with the "oil addiction", today they say in the countries of the Persian Gulf. Perhaps the most successful country in this respect is the United Arab Emirates. With the help of the proceeds from the sale of oil, the UAE managed to turn Dubai into a super modern city, the financial capital of South-West Asia and the largest center of tourism. In 2016 alone, more than 20 million tourists from all over the world visited Dubai. A few decades ago, no one could have imagined that tourists would go to the United Arab Emirates - apart from oil derricks, the sandy desert and the Bedouins, there was simply nothing to watch. But the UAE authorities prudently began to invest the proceeds from the sale of oil funds in the development of the tourism industry. Infrastructure recreation and entertainment was created literally from scratch, and at a high level. The result - investment in the tourism sector has made it possible to turn tourism into a source of huge revenue for the state. Oil resources will ever end, and sandy beaches, luxury hotels and even a ski resort in the hot desert will remain.

      Secondly, Dubai has long been turned into the main staging base of the Old World. Through Dubai fly anywhere - to Africa, to Southeast and South Asia, to Australia. For example, in Dubai, there is a transfer to flights to the countries of the Asia-Pacific region and the Indian Ocean from many Moscow flights. The development of air transport infrastructure means a lot to the United Arab Emirates. Transforming the country into a tourist and transportation hub, the UAE takes care of expanding the most profitable sectors of the economy that do not depend directly on the oil sector.

      And you can:
      "Nord Streams" to "Turkish"

      You can get off the "oil and gas needle", or you can talk about it ...
    4. fif21
      fif21 26 October 2022 16: 02
      0
      Quote: yuriy55
      This fuss around the pipe resembles the antics of a girl with low social responsibility, who already agrees “for food” ...

      EU UGS facilities are 95% full by winter. These are the highest figures. That's all the antics.
      At the same time, they always tear their fart, claiming that the Russian Federation sells cheap gas. The question is - in whose interests are the managers of Gazprom selling the National Heritage at a low price? hi
  3. Johnson Smithson
    Johnson Smithson 22 October 2022 16: 28
    -1
    In the article, all the arguments are not about whether the pipe is longer, in short, where it will go later, now this is not the most important thing if Russian gas is not taken to the EU in principle.
    The main essence of the hub is that the EU will not buy Russian gas, but has already become "Turkish", free from sanctions. Russia is selling it to Turkey, not the EU.
    To be sure, it can then be mixed with gas from other sources.

    No other route in the EU gives such an opportunity, there is Russian gas everywhere, which they will not buy, the sanctions will be for another 5-10 years for sure.
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 22 October 2022 16: 39
      +5
      Quote from Johnson Smithson
      No other route gives such an opportunity, and the sanctions will be for another 5-10 years for sure.

      No one takes seriously an ultimatum from a parliamentarian holding a white flag behind his back. As long as there are Anglo-Saxons, there will be sanctions.
      1. Johnson Smithson
        Johnson Smithson 22 October 2022 16: 47
        -6
        As long as there are Anglo-Saxons, there will be sanctions.

        why, the EU is not eternal, there are more and more contradictions
        the Britons have already left, serious economic problems will begin and others will go out
        and independent countries will be able to buy gas without looking back at the EU
    2. Bagatur
      Bagatur 22 October 2022 17: 20
      +3
      And who told you that the EU would just turn a blind eye?
      1. Johnson Smithson
        Johnson Smithson 22 October 2022 17: 38
        -6
        They are already buying Russian oil this way.
        Intermediaries mix it with another and it is no longer Russian and not under sanctions.

        And China resells the surplus of Russian LNG to the EU.
        On the gas it is not written whose it is.
  4. Coconut Tima
    Coconut Tima 22 October 2022 16: 35
    +7
    "As long as gas transit through Ukraine continues, which no longer surprises anyone - war is war, and gas is on schedule." Does this surprise anyone ??? : For nine months of this year, Ukraine imported fuel from Belarus for $793,511 million (12,93%), from the Russian Federation - for $590,393 million (9,62%). The 20th of October. /TASS/
    1. Benk
      Benk 22 October 2022 16: 48
      -1
      And how much for the first 2 months, until February 28, from this volume? According to TASS, does imports to Ukraine include imports to the DPR and LPR or not? Without these data, there is no need for lala about war by war.
  5. tt
    tt 22 October 2022 16: 41
    -1
    A pragmatic approach is needed, Europe does not want to buy, it is necessary to sell to the Turks.
    And build LNG plants, but it's not fast.
    1. Dmitry Rigov
      Dmitry Rigov 23 October 2022 02: 46
      +2
      Only LNG is needed, the Turks will twist ropes worse than the Germans, they don’t have much money.
  6. ZIF122
    ZIF122 22 October 2022 16: 47
    +6
    Yes, you need to deal with full gasification within your country! I mean the territories beyond the Urals, the Far East. In Primorye, for example, the level of gasification is less than 3%.
    1. dedusik
      dedusik 22 October 2022 17: 08
      -1
      Quote: ZIF122
      Yes, you need to engage in full gasification within your country!

      This is a priori impossible, not those territories and population density winked
      1. common man
        common man 23 October 2022 16: 43
        0
        Quote: dedusik
        This is a priori impossible, not those territories and population density

        Don't you think that one bkz of the other is not possible? Gasification of remote areas will give impetus to their development. Production and agriculture are not profitable to develop there. where are expensive energy resources (firewood is now the same oh how not cheap), and which one will go to live there. where there is nowhere to work.
        There is another option, the whole world to come to Moscow and go to work as office plankton. Or on a rotational basis at gas and oil fields.
    2. skeptick2
      skeptick2 22 October 2022 22: 56
      -7
      Quote: ZIF122
      Yes, you need to engage in full gasification within your country!

      And what do you want to live on?
      Where to get money?
      When Russia sells gas to the EU, it receives money for it (still mostly in foreign currency), which goes into the pocket of the country and then goes to the budget. Due to which, including you and I, we exist.
      If you sell gas within the country, this means, in fact, shifting rubles from one pocket of the state to another. Where is the gain? What to budget? What to live on?
      The problem, of course, is described very roughly and inaccurately, but it reflects the essence of the situation.
      That is why the government does not particularly bother with internal gasification. From her one headache, and zero profit. The state does not care that a certain number of villages are not gasified. He needs dollars, euros, yuan, etc. What's the point that his people will pay in rubles for domestic gasification? With the same success, these same rubles can simply be printed and not fooled.
      1. common man
        common man 23 October 2022 16: 51
        +1
        Quote from: skeptick2
        When Russia sells gas to the EU, it receives money for it (still mostly in foreign currency), which goes into the pocket of the country, and then goes ......

        into the reserve fund, which arrests the United States and they go into service with the 404th. Is that what you wanted to say?
        Where are those 15 trillion. rubles
        Quote from: skeptick2
        Due to which, including you and I, we exist.

        And how many villages could be gasified with this money?
    3. KCA
      KCA 23 October 2022 04: 10
      -5
      Well, it’s not funny anymore, gasification of everything and everyone, the village of ugo-kukuego is 100 km from the nearest city, the population is 3,5 people, you give gasification for a billion rubles, the old people will die, but the pipe will remain, to whom?
  7. Victor19
    Victor19 22 October 2022 17: 24
    +2
    The article was written by incompetent people. They don't know that Azeri gas will be in many ways Gazprom's gas. There is an agreement between the latter and Socar. And there is an interconnector between Azerbaijan and Russia. Watch the video from Boris Martsinkevich. He is truly an expert. The main pipelines to Azerbaijan were built back in the 70s. "If it is convenient for the European Commission to think that Söcar is a competitor to Gazprom, let them think so."
    https://youtu.be/HVAhMaDpy40
  8. Vic111
    Vic111 22 October 2022 18: 35
    -2
    The author can only advise to carefully study the materiel. Reserves of regions and capacities of gas pipelines.
    Well, let's reduce production, so what? The war with Russian gas has been going on since 2009. Americans are trying. Yes. and Gazprom and Novatek are on the alert. The EU still buys our LNG. And no one canceled the replacement. Why do you think the Saudis have been so supportive of increasing our sales to their home markets?
    No need to "shake the boa". Azerbaijan does not have enough gas resources, and Turkmenistan has to drill and drill, and even build infrastructure, and this is big money.
    The alarmists should be shot.
    The "driven horse" is Europe, not Russia. And we did not drive Europe. We are just following the process...
  9. Maks1995
    Maks1995 23 October 2022 00: 08
    +5
    Yes. Commoners shoot at each other, and the oligarchs are concerned about how to sell more gas to NATO ....
    Imperialism in the yard. Nothing can be done.
  10. KCA
    KCA 23 October 2022 04: 06
    -2
    The Power of Siberia-2 has been under construction for a long time, will be launched soon
    1. Rostovchanin
      Rostovchanin 23 October 2022 06: 09
      +2
      The power of Siberia -2 is only being designed. It will pass from Yamal, through the Krasnoyarsk Territory and through the Irkutsk Region will go towards Mongolia with access to China. And the fact that they will now launch these jumpers from the Kovykta field to Chayandinskoye. In a word, this is an expansion of the capacities of the Power of Siberia -1
  11. bar
    bar 23 October 2022 08: 15
    +1
    the hasty refusal to use the shortest and least expensive pipeline route to Europe, the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline, seems highly controversial. That is, the route Yamal - Belarus - Poland - Germany

    What is controversial here? Poland and Germany categorically refused Russian pipeline gas. You won't be forced to be nice. Poland has laid a pipe to Norway, it will manage without our gas. And Germany is heading towards de-industrialization at a rapid jack, it will soon not need much gas either.
    In general, the article is somehow superficial, and the authors seem not quite competent
  12. highlight
    highlight 23 October 2022 13: 05
    0
    1. "respectable" people want to make money on new pipelines.
    2. "respectable" people want to continue to reign lying on their side by selling resources.
  13. iouris
    iouris 23 October 2022 16: 33
    +1
    What solitaire: we play chess. Geopolitics, panimash!
  14. Mikhail Ivanov_6
    Mikhail Ivanov_6 24 October 2022 02: 27
    0
    Piped gas is by any means cheaper than LNG, and the EU has little choice.
  15. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 26 October 2022 10: 17
    0
    Who in Russia needs this gas export? Made all sorts of flows on their money. For years they have been pumping their irreplaceable resource to Europe and earning money, 400 billion euros, went to European banks. And now the UfL has declared in a direct test that this money will be stolen, not frozen. After all this, they continue to search for "ways" for export, create some kind of "habi". Europe will not freeze and die without Russian gas.
    In place of all these "streams" and "hubs" they could prepare and equip to the teeth a 2 million land army. Equip it with tens of thousands of cheap UAVs and deal with the Nazi protectorate in Ukraine in a month and then negotiate with NATO. In Europe and the United States, they are only afraid of a war with the Russians because they still remember the Second World War and Russia has nuclear weapons.