Automated control system for anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4”

Development of an automated anti-aircraft missile brigade of the control system of air defense of ground troops "Polyana-D4" (9S52) conducted by the Minsk Research Institute of the USSR Ministry of Radio Industry of automation of TTZ Grau to automate management processes fighting anti-aircraft missile brigades armed ZRK S-300V or "Beech".

Automated control system for anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4”

The structure of ACS "Polyana-D4" included:
1. command post (PBU) of the brigade (MP06 vehicle) on a BAZ-6950 vehicle with a SKN-6950 body
2. command and staff vehicle (KShM) of the brigade (MP02 vehicle with a KP4 trailer) on a Ural-375 vehicle and an SMZ-782B trailer.
3. Spare parts and maintenance machine (MP45 machine) on a Ural-375 car
4. two diesel power plants ED-T400-1RAM on KamAZ-4310 vehicles.

In PBU, automated workplaces (AWPs) of the brigade commander, senior combat control officer (sent to two divisions and the front air defense command post (army), a representative aviation Air Force, operational duty officer, combat control officer (sent to two divisions), intelligence chief of the brigade (senior operator of radar processing), radar processing operator, engineer and communications technician.

The KSHM was equipped with an automated workplace for the deputy armament brigade commander, operational department officer (alphanumeric display operator - ATSD), senior officer of the operational department (drawing machine operator) and non-automated workplaces for two technicians.

In the KSHM trailer were the AWS of the brigade chief of staff and the head of the operational department (brigade communications chief) - the ATSD operator and six non-automated jobs for brigade staff officers.
To ensure the combat operation of the Polyana-D4 ACS, the common air defense system of the SV provided for the exchange of digital operational-tactical and radar information, as well as voice communication with higher-level, subordinate and interacting command-points and control points through the attached communication center

Information exchange between PBU and KSHM was carried out via cable communication lines.
For communication between the crews of mobile units of the automated control system Polyana D4, on the march, VHF radios installed in the cabs of drivers were used.

The deployment time (collapse) of the Polana-D4 ACS by the calculation forces did not exceed 20 min.
ACS "Polyana-D4" provided management:
• up to four anti-aircraft missile battalions armed with S-300V air defense systems or Buk air defense systems (Buk-M1) and their modifications;
• subordinate radar posts PORI-P1 or PORI-P2;
• A control point for direct cover means of the PU-12M brigade or a unified battery command post "Rangier".

The higher air defense command posts in relation to the Polyana-D4 ACS were the air defense or military service command posts.

It was also envisaged to interface the Poliana-D4 ACS with the tactical formations of the Air Defense Forces.

Sources of information about the air situation for the AMS "Polyana-D4" were:
• Control points for PORI-P1 or PORI-P2 radar posts;
• Aviation complex of radar patrol and guidance A-50;
• KP anti-aircraft missile battalions S-300V or "Buk"
• KP air defense of the front (army);
• Command post of the tactical formation of the Air Defense Forces of the Country;
• Command post of fighter aircraft of the Air Force of the front (army).

The Polyana D4 automated control system implemented the principle of mixed combat control of the S-ZOOV or Buk anti-aircraft missile brigade, which combined the centralized targeting of the brigade's command post with the autonomous actions of anti-aircraft missile battalions to select targets in their assigned areas of responsibility.

Radar information about the air situation came to the automated control system “Glade D4” in digital form from the following sources of this information:
• air defense command post of the front or army;
• Control point of subordinate RLP;
• Aviation complex of radar patrol and guidance А50;
• Four CPs of subordinate divisions;
• Command post of fighter aircraft of the Air Force of the front.

The air situation was displayed on the displays of the automated workplace PBU in the form of symbols of its own, alien and unidentified targets. Next to the target symbol, its number, height and quantitative composition (for group purposes) were displayed. Provided mapping to 5 traces targets, extrapolated for a time to 7 minutes

The control of subordinate RLP carried out with the PBU ACS "Polyana-D4" allowed to change the measurement rate of the coordinates of the targets, to clarify their affiliation, etc.

Selective notification of divisions and means of direct brigade cover was formed automatically in accordance with the importance (danger) of the targets and the position of the subordinate means of destruction.

Operational and tactical information from the air defense command post of the front (army) was sent to the Polyana-D4 ACS in the form of orders and instructions, information about the enemy, teams for the distribution of efforts, flight corridors and applications for flights of their aircraft, fighter duty zones (army) reference point, information about the ground situation.

The exchange of operational and tactical information between the Polyan-D4 ACS and the air defense command post of the front (army) was carried out via secret telecode communication channels.

To control the combat operations of the missile battalions and units of direct protection, the Polyana-D4 ACS provided:
• Formation and transmission to the CP divisions of commands for the distribution of efforts in the form of sectors, areas of responsibility, missile-hazardous areas, receiving and displaying reports on their execution;
• formation and transfer to the command post divisions of the coordinates of the reference point;
• Formation and transmission to the CP of divisions and the control point of direct cover means (PU SNP) of general type commands, reception and display of reports on their execution;
• Formation and transmission to the CP divisions and PU SNP teams on targets, receiving and displaying reports on the progress and results of their implementation;
• continuous processing, output to the display means and input into the algorithms of target allocation and coordination of combat operations of divisions of data from the front (army) air defense command post and the front (army) air force fighter aviation command post about the air situation with signs of actions against IA and ADMC targets, as well as reports from divisions on combat work on targets assigned with the command post of the brigade and chosen independently;
• entering data on the position, status, combat readiness and nature of actions of subordinate units into the EVK ACS "Polyana-D4".

The Polyana-D4 ACS also provided for the transfer to the air defense command post of reports on the status, combat readiness and results of combat operations of all the brigade’s combat weapons, on the execution of commands for the targets issued by this command post, on the distribution of the brigade’s efforts.

In the standby mode of operation of the Polyana-D4 ACS, the operation of a limited number of ACS hardware was provided, which ensured the reception of information about the air situation, warning signals and commands to bring the brigade's units to various degrees of combat readiness, control the brigade's duty units.

In the period from May 1985 to June 1986, the prototype of the automated control system "Polyana-D4" passed the entire cycle of state tests,

At the first stage of testing at the simulation-modeling complex, the Research Institute of Automation Tools made an assessment of the correctness of the software, performance, temporal and accuracy characteristics of the AMS Polyana D4 automated control system, as well as testing the possibilities of providing information interface of the system with objects that have not yet been completed.

The second stage of state testing was carried out at the Embeni test site and included an assessment of the operational and technical characteristics of the system in real conditions, verification of its information technology interface with the existing controlled objects and communication facilities, as well as confirmation of the performance characteristics obtained using simulation modeling.

Simulation of combat operations of an anti-aircraft missile brigade in a complex air and jamming environment showed that the number of enemy EIAs hit when using the Polyana D4 ACS compared to the autonomous actions of the divisions increases by 20-23% for the brigade equipped with the C-300В SAM and 35-37B % for the brigade equipped with the Buk-М1 air defense missile system.

In 1986, the Polya-D4 automated control system was adopted by the air defense forces of the Armed Forces.

The creation of the automated control system Polyana-D4 was a new qualitative step in the direction of automating the control of anti-aircraft missile formations of the operational level of military air defense.

In terms of its performance characteristics, the Polyana-D4 exceeded the American Missile Minder automated control system, which was used at that time to control the air defense missile system of the NATO ground forces.
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  1. 0
    October 26 2012
    PBU of the prototype ACS "Polyana D4"

    PBU (rear view)
  2. +1
    October 26 2012
    Command Staff Machine (KShM) MP-02
  3. Lucky
    October 26 2012
    The serious unit inspires respect !!!
  4. 0
    October 26 2012
    Interestingly, in the 90s and the first ten of the 2000s, they were engaged in improvement and modernization.
    In the 80s I heard very good reviews about this system.
  5. 0
    October 26 2012
    The brain of the ACS "Polyana D4". Onboard digital computer A40 (ARGON-40) developed by the Scientific Research Center for Electronic Computing (since 1986 - Research Institute "Argon") in 1978
  6. +1
    October 26 2012
    PBU workstations (MP06)
  7. 0
    October 26 2012
    Glade-D4M1 is probably a sequel
    1. 0
      October 27 2012
      It is. The modification mainly consisted in the use of the improved data transmission equipment "Redut" and another transport base.
  8. +1
    October 27 2012
    Dado cover the meadow guys good
  9. Belo_ticketnik
    October 27 2012
    A nightmare ... CRT monitors, A40 computers on an ancient element base ... greetings from the age of dinosaurs sad
    1. +1
      October 27 2012
      Have you ever looked, dear, in what years was this system created? If so, what surprises you. They did it from what it was, and it was on the domestic market of the USSR. And what was most interesting was not only they did, but they did, and they made a fully functional combat system, which, together with subordinates of the air defense system, was indeed a nightmare for a potential enemy. So it’s not for white-ticketers to judge things that they have no idea and could not have
  10. Belo_ticketnik
    October 27 2012
    Interestingly, something newer since then we have adopted? I saw a photo of glade d4m1, but it’s interesting it is in service and how many of them are with us ... And so the topic of ACS with analog SOP is interesting, although in my opinion it is no longer relevant ..

    PSs. If we have nothing newer in service, or it is in the composition of 1-2 pieces. I'll start handing out minuses and shouting "Nightmare ... monitors on a CRT, A40 computer on an ancient element base ... hello from the age of dinosaurs"
    1. 0
      March 25 2019
      The A-40 was replaced by the A-43, replacing the ferrite memories with semiconductor ones. And the memory itself has increased by an order of magnitude. This happened during the creation of "Polyana D4M".
  11. cobra
    October 27 2012
    Dear gregor6549, you made a mistake, these are not MP06 workstations, but a fighter aviation control center, which was also developed at the Scientific Research Institute of Automotive Systems at the same time and on the same element base. You can believe me, because I was a participant in the development, testing and implementation of the ACS Polyana D4 in the troops from 1982 to 1991. Since 1987, Polyana was modernized under the 9C52M index. A new KShM MP02R was developed, in which there was no longer a trailer and the computer complex was replaced by a more advanced UPR MP (microprocessor software processing device), communication facilities were replaced, communication between the control room and the KShM was carried out via fiber optics. The fate of 9C52M is not known to me, since in 1991 I quit NIISA. But given that funding from Russia has ceased, it can be assumed that the D4M Polyana was not received by the Russian army. Although I could be wrong. Correct if something is wrong.
    1. 0
      March 25 2019
      Glade D4M entered the arsenal of the Russian army.
  12. 0
    October 27 2012
    Dear Sergey, you are right. In reality, the workplaces at Polyana D4 were somewhat different. In particular, in the center was a large projection display of the air situation. But I did not have this photo, so I posted something similar, believing that it would not spoil the overall impression of the system, especially since the technical means, including the technical means of the automated workstations "Polyana D4" and the KP you mentioned were in are largely unified. The scope of the modernization of "Polyana D4", alas, I do not know in detail, as well as I do not know whether this system is in service with the current Russian Army.
    1. 0
      March 25 2019
      2-3 samples of "Polyana D4" in service in an unknown state. The rest: "Polyana D4M" and "Polyana D4M1"
  13. 0
    October 31 2012
    Upgraded Glade Д4М1

    More information about ACS Polany D4М1 on the site
    1. 0
      March 25 2019
      The system was developed in the 80s and 90s. Minsk NIISA and Agat on computer technology Research Institute Argon.
      AO "Radiozavod" cannot produce exactly the ACS Polyana-D4M1: components for it have not been produced for 20 years already. But the twists and turns of our "Russian" design are wonderful: take someone else's complex, stuff other equipment and programs into it, and leave the well-deserved name the same.
      1. 0
        April 8 2019
        Scientific Research Institute of Means of Automation (NIISA) was created in the early 70s on the basis of the SKB of the Minsk Electromechanical Plant (MEMZ). The same enterprises became the basis of NPO Agat. So NIISA was the developer of the above-mentioned ACS. Modernization of "Polyana D4" by Russian enterprises has been reduced mainly to replacing outdated technical means and element base with more modern ones. The software remained basically what was developed by a special subdivision of NIISA (NII Agat) for software development, which spun off from NIISA and also became a composite, but by no means an independent element of NPO Agat. If in the early 90s the Russian Federation had not sent Belarus to the far distant, then not only Polyana D4 would have been in service with the RF Armed Forces for a long time, but also full-fledged automated control systems for units and subunits of the Air Force, Air Defense, Ground Forces, etc., which are part of the front at all levels of command. And so we have what we have. But with other tags.

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