Military Review

Automated control system for anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4”

Development of an automated anti-aircraft missile brigade of the control system of air defense of ground troops "Polyana-D4" (9S52) conducted by the Minsk Research Institute of the USSR Ministry of Radio Industry of automation of TTZ Grau to automate management processes fighting anti-aircraft missile brigades armed ZRK S-300V or "Beech".

Automated control system for anti-aircraft missile brigade of air defense SV "Polyana-D4”

The structure of ACS "Polyana-D4" included:
1. command and control center (PBU) of the brigade (MP06 machine) on a BAZ-6950 vehicle with a SKN-6950 body
2. command-staff vehicle (KSHM) of the brigade (MP02 machine with KP4 trailer) on the Ural-375 car and SMZ-782B trailer.
3. spare parts and maintenance machine (machine MP45) on the car "Ural-375"
4. two diesel power plants ED-T400-1PAM on cars KAMAZ-4310.

In PBU, automated workplaces (AWPs) of the brigade commander, senior combat control officer (sent to two divisions and the front air defense command post (army), a representative aviation Air Force, operational duty officer, combat control officer (sent to two divisions), intelligence chief of the brigade (senior operator of radar processing), radar processing operator, engineer and communications technician.

The KSHM was equipped with an automated workplace for the deputy armament brigade commander, operational department officer (alphanumeric display operator - ATSD), senior officer of the operational department (drawing machine operator) and non-automated workplaces for two technicians.

In the KSHM trailer were the AWS of the brigade chief of staff and the head of the operational department (brigade communications chief) - the ATSD operator and six non-automated jobs for brigade staff officers.
To ensure the combat operation of the Polyana-D4 ACS, the common air defense system of the SV provided for the exchange of digital operational-tactical and radar information, as well as voice communication with higher-level, subordinate and interacting command-points and control points through the attached communication center

Information exchange between PBU and KSHM was carried out via cable communication lines.
For communication between the crews of mobile units of the automated control system Polyana D4, on the march, VHF radios installed in the cabs of drivers were used.

The deployment time (collapse) of the Polana-D4 ACS by the calculation forces did not exceed 20 min.
ACS "Polyana-D4" provided management:
• up to four anti-aircraft missile battalions armed with C-300B or Buk (“Buk-М1”) air defense missile systems and their modifications;
• subordinate radar posts PORI-PNNUMX or PORI-PNNUMX;
• The control point of the means of direct protection of the PU-12M brigade or the unified battery command center "Ranzhir".

The higher air defense command posts in relation to the Polyana-D4 ACS were the air defense or military service command posts.

It was also envisaged to interface the Poliana-D4 ACS with the tactical formations of the Air Defense Forces.

Sources of information about the air situation for the AMS "Polyana-D4" were:
• The control points of the PORI-PNNUMX or PORI-PNNUMX radar posts;
• A-50 airborne radar and guidance complex;
• KP anti-aircraft missile battalions C-300В or "Buk"
• KP air defense of the front (army);
• KP tactical formation of the Air Defense Forces of the Country;
• KP fighter aviation front air force (army).

The Polyana D4 automated control system implemented the principle of mixed combat control of the S-ZOOV or Buk anti-aircraft missile brigade, which combined the centralized targeting of the brigade's command post with the autonomous actions of anti-aircraft missile battalions to select targets in their assigned areas of responsibility.

Radar information about the air situation came to the automated control system “Glade D4” in digital form from the following sources of this information:
• KP air defense front or army;
• Control point of subordinate RLP;
• Aeronautical complex radar and guidance A50;
• Four control subordinate divisions;
• KP fighter aviation front air force.

The air situation was displayed on the displays of the automated workplace PBU in the form of symbols of its own, alien and unidentified targets. Next to the target symbol, its number, height and quantitative composition (for group purposes) were displayed. Provided mapping to 5 traces targets, extrapolated for a time to 7 minutes

The control of subordinate RLP carried out with the PBU ACS "Polyana-D4" allowed to change the measurement rate of the coordinates of the targets, to clarify their affiliation, etc.

Selective notification of divisions and means of direct brigade cover was formed automatically in accordance with the importance (danger) of the targets and the position of the subordinate means of destruction.

Operational and tactical information from the air defense command post of the front (army) was sent to the Polyana-D4 ACS in the form of orders and instructions, information about the enemy, teams for the distribution of efforts, flight corridors and applications for flights of their aircraft, fighter duty zones (army) reference point, information about the ground situation.

The exchange of operational and tactical information between the Polyan-D4 ACS and the air defense command post of the front (army) was carried out via secret telecode communication channels.

To control the combat operations of the missile battalions and units of direct protection, the Polyana-D4 ACS provided:
• the formation and transfer of command-line divisions to a command and control team on the distribution of efforts in the form of sectors, areas of responsibility, missile-prone areas, receiving and displaying reports on their performance;
• the formation and transfer to the control point of divisions of the coordinates of the reference point;
• the formation and transfer to the control gear of divisions and the point of control of the means of direct cover (PU SNP) of commands of a general type, receiving and displaying reports on their execution;
• formation and transmission of command and control personnel of a divisional control unit and a PU of a DPR to objectives, receiving and displaying reports on the progress and results of their implementation;
• continuous processing, issuance for display means and input into the algorithms for target distribution and coordination of combat actions of the divisions of the air defense command post of the front (army) and combat planner of the air force of the front air force (army) about the air situation with signs of actions on the IA and air defense missile systems, as well as reports from battalions of combat work on targets assigned from the command brigade and selected independently;
• input to the ACS "Polyana-D4" data on the status, status, combat readiness and nature of the actions of subordinate units.

The Polyana-D4 ACS also provided for the transfer to the air defense command post of reports on the status, combat readiness and results of combat operations of all the brigade’s combat weapons, on the execution of commands for the targets issued by this command post, on the distribution of the brigade’s efforts.

In the standby mode of operation of the Polyana-D4 ACS, the operation of a limited number of ACS hardware was provided, which ensured the reception of information about the air situation, warning signals and commands to bring the brigade's units to various degrees of combat readiness, control the brigade's duty units.

In the period from May 1985 to June 1986, the prototype of the automated control system "Polyana-D4" passed the entire cycle of state tests,

At the first stage of testing at the simulation-modeling complex, the Research Institute of Automation Tools made an assessment of the correctness of the software, performance, temporal and accuracy characteristics of the AMS Polyana D4 automated control system, as well as testing the possibilities of providing information interface of the system with objects that have not yet been completed.

The second stage of state testing was carried out at the Embeni test site and included an assessment of the operational and technical characteristics of the system in real conditions, verification of its information technology interface with the existing controlled objects and communication facilities, as well as confirmation of the performance characteristics obtained using simulation modeling.

Simulation of combat operations of an anti-aircraft missile brigade in a complex air and jamming environment showed that the number of enemy EIAs hit when using the Polyana D4 ACS compared to the autonomous actions of the divisions increases by 20-23% for the brigade equipped with the C-300В SAM and 35-37B % for the brigade equipped with the Buk-М1 air defense missile system.

In 1986, the Polya-D4 automated control system was adopted by the air defense forces of the Armed Forces.

The creation of the automated control system Polyana-D4 was a new qualitative step in the direction of automating the control of anti-aircraft missile formations of the operational level of military air defense.

In terms of its performance characteristics, the Polyana-D4 exceeded the American Missile Minder automated control system, which was used at that time to control the air defense missile system of the NATO ground forces.

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  1. gregor6549
    26 October 2012 11: 10
    PBU of the prototype ACS "Polyana D4"

    PBU (rear view)
  2. gregor6549
    26 October 2012 12: 20
    Command Staff Machine (KShM) MP-02
  3. Lucky
    Lucky 26 October 2012 12: 22
    The serious unit inspires respect !!!
  4. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 26 October 2012 12: 52
    Interestingly, in the 90s and the first ten of the 2000s, they were engaged in improvement and modernization.
    In the 80s I heard very good reviews about this system.
  5. gregor6549
    26 October 2012 13: 09
    The brain of the ACS "Polyana D4". Onboard digital computer A40 (ARGON-40) developed by the Scientific Research Center for Electronic Computing (since 1986 - Research Institute "Argon") in 1978
  6. gregor6549
    26 October 2012 16: 55
    PBU workstations (MP06)
  7. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 26 October 2012 20: 55
    Glade-D4M1 is probably a sequel
    1. gregor6549
      27 October 2012 02: 29
      It is. The modification mainly consisted in the use of the improved data transmission equipment "Redut" and another transport base.
  8. Comrade1945
    Comrade1945 27 October 2012 01: 09
    Dado cover the meadow guys good
  9. Belo_ticketnik
    Belo_ticketnik 27 October 2012 10: 23
    A nightmare ... CRT monitors, A40 computers on an ancient element base ... greetings from the age of dinosaurs sad
    1. gregor6549
      27 October 2012 11: 39
      Have you ever looked, dear, in what years was this system created? If so, what surprises you. They did it from what it was, and it was on the domestic market of the USSR. And what was most interesting was not only they did, but they did, and they made a fully functional combat system, which, together with subordinates of the air defense system, was indeed a nightmare for a potential enemy. So it’s not for white-ticketers to judge things that they have no idea and could not have
  10. Belo_ticketnik
    Belo_ticketnik 27 October 2012 15: 30
    Interestingly, something newer since then we have adopted? I saw a photo of glade d4m1, but it’s interesting it is in service and how many of them are with us ... And so the topic of ACS with analog SOP is interesting, although in my opinion it is no longer relevant ..

    PSs. If we have nothing newer in service, or it is in the composition of 1-2 pieces. I'll start handing out minuses and shouting "Nightmare ... monitors on a CRT, A40 computer on an ancient element base ... hello from the age of dinosaurs"
    1. belov2018
      belov2018 25 March 2019 20: 23
      The A-40 was replaced by the A-43, replacing the ferrite memories with semiconductor ones. And the memory itself has increased by an order of magnitude. This happened during the creation of "Polyana D4M".
  11. cobra
    cobra 27 October 2012 16: 56
    Dear gregor6549, you made a mistake, these are not MP06 workstations, but a fighter aviation control center, which was also developed at the Scientific Research Institute of Automotive Systems at the same time and on the same element base. You can believe me, because I was a participant in the development, testing and implementation of the ACS Polyana D4 in the troops from 1982 to 1991. Since 1987, Polyana was modernized under the 9C52M index. A new KShM MP02R was developed, in which there was no longer a trailer and the computer complex was replaced by a more advanced UPR MP (microprocessor software processing device), communication facilities were replaced, communication between the control room and the KShM was carried out via fiber optics. The fate of 9C52M is not known to me, since in 1991 I quit NIISA. But given that funding from Russia has ceased, it can be assumed that the D4M Polyana was not received by the Russian army. Although I could be wrong. Correct if something is wrong.
    1. belov2018
      belov2018 25 March 2019 20: 17
      Glade D4M entered the arsenal of the Russian army.
  12. gregor6549
    27 October 2012 18: 46
    Dear Sergey, you are right. In reality, the workplaces at Polyana D4 were somewhat different. In particular, in the center was a large projection display of the air situation. But I did not have this photo, so I posted something similar, believing that it would not spoil the overall impression of the system, especially since the technical means, including the technical means of the automated workstations "Polyana D4" and the KP you mentioned were in are largely unified. The scope of the modernization of "Polyana D4", alas, I do not know in detail, as well as I do not know whether this system is in service with the current Russian Army.
    1. belov2018
      belov2018 25 March 2019 20: 19
      2-3 samples of "Polyana D4" in service in an unknown state. The rest: "Polyana D4M" and "Polyana D4M1"
  13. gregor6549
    31 October 2012 16: 42
    Upgraded Glade Д4М1

    More information about ACS Polany D4М1 on the site
    1. belov2018
      belov2018 25 March 2019 20: 29
      The system was developed in the 80s and 90s. Minsk NIISA and Agat on computer technology Research Institute Argon.
      AO "Radiozavod" cannot produce exactly the ACS Polyana-D4M1: components for it have not been produced for 20 years already. But the twists and turns of our "Russian" design are wonderful: take someone else's complex, stuff other equipment and programs into it, and leave the well-deserved name the same.
      1. gregor6549
        April 8 2019 15: 03
        Scientific Research Institute of Means of Automation (NIISA) was created in the early 70s on the basis of the SKB of the Minsk Electromechanical Plant (MEMZ). The same enterprises became the basis of NPO Agat. So NIISA was the developer of the above-mentioned ACS. Modernization of "Polyana D4" by Russian enterprises has been reduced mainly to replacing outdated technical means and element base with more modern ones. The software remained basically what was developed by a special subdivision of NIISA (NII Agat) for software development, which spun off from NIISA and also became a composite, but by no means an independent element of NPO Agat. If in the early 90s the Russian Federation had not sent Belarus to the far distant, then not only Polyana D4 would have been in service with the RF Armed Forces for a long time, but also full-fledged automated control systems for units and subunits of the Air Force, Air Defense, Ground Forces, etc., which are part of the front at all levels of command. And so we have what we have. But with other tags.