Military Review

Kerch bridge, old ferry and Azov alternative

30
Kerch bridge, old ferry and Azov alternative



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The Kerch ferry crossing, in the conditions of an unregulated market, almost instantly fell victim to the large Crimean bridge, for some reason called the Kerch Bridge. And the sacrifice, as it turned out after the sabotage on the bridge, was both in vain and in vain. Moreover, both from an economic and, most importantly, from a strategic point of view.

The work of the not yet completely liquidated ferry across the Kerch Strait had to be urgently resumed due to an explosion on the bridge. Recall that for almost seven decades - from September 1954 to September 2020, she worked at least 10 months a year.

Her work was self-confidently stopped in favor of the Crimean Bridge, but even then many regarded this business decision as a strategic mistake. Especially taking into account the exacerbation of Russian-Ukrainian relations that has been growing year by year after the reunification of Crimea with Russia.

The vulnerability of the bridge has increased all the more in connection with the Russian NWO in Ukraine. The work of the old crossing, most likely, had to be resumed and adjusted immediately, but we repeat, it is only being resumed now, when a pause may soon be required due to storms and the necessary preventive maintenance.


Now it is unlikely that anyone will say with certainty how long it will be possible to restore the operation of ferries. After all that has happened, it turns out to be even more controversial and the very decision to completely transfer almost all freight and passenger traffic between Crimea and other regions of the Russian Federation to a purely new bridge.

Weigh and share


This was not done immediately, in 2019-2022, and according to the information available to the authors, some experts previously proposed, for the interchangeability of modes of transportation here, to distribute passenger and cargo flows on this route between the ferry crossing (BC) and the bridge.

They even agreed on proportions as a percentage of the total volume of transit. The ferry service was to account for 35 to 50 percent of passenger traffic and 55 to 65 percent of freight traffic. The bridge was supposed to load 50-65 percent of passenger traffic and 35-45 percent of freight traffic.

Such a balanced approach emerged as early as the first half of the 50s: according to the Institute for Complex Transport Problems at the Academy of Sciences of the USSR State Planning Committee (1955: the institute worked from 1955 to 1991), back in late 1953, on the eve of the entry into the operation of the ferry crossing, its feasibility study noted that in the case of organizing new transportation options between Kerch and the Taman Peninsula, the ferry crossing should be maintained.

This was foreseen in view of the possible congestion of these new options after a few years of their operation. And in general, it was planned to do everything for the optimal distribution of transportation between modes of transport in order to insure against dependence on one “monopoly” transportation option. But these recommendations remain recommendations.

Cities and islands


Nevertheless, it is on such a balanced basis that cargo and passenger transportation has long been carried out:

- between the USA and Canada on six Great Lakes (BCPs, bridges, water transportation);
- Singapore and Malaysia (bridge and BCP);
- Great Britain and France (tunnel across the English Channel and BCP);
- Bahrain and Qatar (bridge and BCP);
- Denmark and Sweden (bridge and BCP);
- Argentina and Paraguay (bridge and BCP);
- Lesotho and South Africa (bridge and BCP);
- Tanzania and the Tanzanian island. Zanzibar (shipping and BCP);
- South Vietnamese region and nearby about. Phu Quoc (Sea Freight & BCP);
- the South Chinese island of Hainan and the neighboring province of Guangdong;
- the French island of St. Pierre and the nearby North Atlantic coast of Canada (bridge, BCP).

And all these are just a few examples of the complementarity of transportation schemes.

By the way, in the PRC and the USA, an adjacent version of operational insurance has long been in place, that is, a combination of sea, river and mixed (“river-sea”) transportation along a specific route. In the first case, this is the Grand Canal, 1800 km long, connecting Beijing with the ports of Tianjin, Shanghai and Hangzhou. In the second, it is the Inner Coastal Channel, 4850 km long, operating along the Atlantic and Caribbean coasts of the United States.

Return to Crimea


Regarding the ferry service between Crimea and Russia, we note that the authorities of the Ukrainian SSR “dodged” Russian projects of the 60s and early 80s, which provided for the creation of new ferry lines between the RSFSR and post-Soviet Russia with Crimea. A process of this kind dragged on by inertia until the time when Crimea had already gone under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation.


For example, in April 2015, the Crimean Ministry of Transport reported that the ports of Temryuk and Yeysk (Krasnodar Territory) would soon receive a ferry connection with Kerch (see diagram). Which was implemented in 2016-2017, but this project was proposed by Russian experts ... back in the early to mid-70s. In Kyiv, they were able to “prove” to Moscow that this project is inappropriate.

In the RSFSR in the same years and in the early 80s, various projects of trans-Azov ferry crossings to the Kerch Peninsula from Taganrog (Rostov Region) and Primorsko-Akhtarsk (Krasnodar Territory) were proposed. Including the creation of a new ferry port near Shchelkino - northwest of Kerch. But the Ukrainian authorities also rejected these projects under various pretexts.

As for the closure of the crossing across the Kerch Strait in September 2020, the literal information from September 29 of the AnRussTrans company, the operator of this crossing, is typical:

“There are no orders for transportation, since the entire passenger and cargo traffic has been redirected to the Crimean Bridge. There were three passenger ferries, two have already been sold, one is still up for sale. It’s the same with trucks: some have been sold, some are still left.”

However, the ex-Minister of Transport of Crimea Anatoly Tsurkin is sure that

“It would be worth leaving the crossing at least as a spare“ fire engine ”. Since even if there is a bridge, there should be a backup connection with the Crimea. But maintaining the ferry infrastructure in proper condition is possible only at the expense of public funds.”

It seems that this recommendation is quite relevant today and for the foreseeable future. Especially given the well-known military-political situation near the Crimea. And, accordingly, sabotage on the Crimean bridge.
Author:
Photos used:
glavred.com, geo.tsu.ru, eva.ru
30 comments
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  1. paul3390
    paul3390 20 October 2022 16: 09
    +18
    This habit of our non-current rulers to measure everything exclusively on the loot, and the momentary one - one day will bring the country to the handle ..
    1. credo
      credo 20 October 2022 16: 12
      0
      In the meantime, while we were here spitting and wishing "long summers", Liz left us crying

      Just do not think that at all, no. Just resigned drinks
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 20 October 2022 16: 28
        0
        Quote: credo
        In the meantime, while we were here spitting and wishing "long summers", Liz left us

        No sooner had the bud blossomed than it wilted. I would sit in the old place, go "on a tank", and now "galley-diaper-Anglican church". Goodbye Liz Tras, you made us laugh.
    2. Taimen
      Taimen 20 October 2022 16: 53
      +2
      Since the 90s, we have been "saving" on the Army and Navy, not to mention the rest, but you want to launch projectors. Fantasy.
      1. Doccor18
        Doccor18 20 October 2022 19: 25
        +4
        Quote: Taimen
        Since the 90s, we have been "saving" on the Army and Navy ...

        Well, you’re in vain, the fathers-rulers spared nothing, how many trillions they spent on defense ...
        1. Taimen
          Taimen 20 October 2022 21: 44
          +2
          Humor and sarcasm understood. You +.
          The text of your comment is too short and in the opinion of the site administration does not carry useful information.
    3. bandabas
      bandabas 20 October 2022 19: 28
      +4
      For the first time or something. They save on pennies, and then lose in rubles. And nobody. It's nobody's fault. And then all sorts of Chubais then ride around Europe (in the worst case), or occupy other positions, continuing to steal and destabilize the economy. Every second person in power will be up to his ears in a cannon.
  2. Mitrich73
    Mitrich73 20 October 2022 16: 11
    +4
    So far, the ferries are working poorly. Today, the 5th cargo ferry was launched, but there is not enough transportation capacity. Rates for trucking to the Crimea increased by 2-2,5 times. If they can deliver another large sea ferry, then the queue may decrease, if not, then in the near future (1-2 weeks) shipments to the Crimea will stop, factories on the peninsula will stop due to lack of equipment and the inability to ship finished products. To date, the Ministry of Transport can not cope.
    1. Dedok
      Dedok 20 October 2022 16: 42
      -1
      Quote: Mitrich73
      So far, the ferries are working poorly. Today, the 5th cargo ferry was launched, but there is not enough transportation capacity. Rates for trucking to the Crimea increased by 2-2,5 times. If they can deliver another large sea ferry, then the queue may decrease, if not, then in the near future (1-2 weeks) shipments to the Crimea will stop, factories on the peninsula will stop due to lack of equipment and the inability to ship finished products. To date, the Ministry of Transport can not cope.


      But what about the route through Mariupol?
      it seems to be on the fly - they began to repair it, and even now, this is the territory of the Russian Federation !?
      In Soviet times, all plans were calculated "manually", but now it is possible to simulate any situation, calculate costs for any risks: the machine counts ...
      what's stopping you? - launch along the northern coast of the Sea of ​​\uXNUMXb\uXNUMXbAzov ...
      Enemy DRG? Or again there are "their interests"?
      1. Podvodnik
        Podvodnik 21 October 2022 10: 02
        +1
        . machine counts...


        Yeah. And it does the washing machine.
        Passed already. Someone "Medved" has already spoken about "just press the button." And accountants like "wither away" as a profession. All this causes only laughter in real accountants and programmers.
        The machine does not count anything. She can't. First you need to enter data into it. And even earlier algorithms and programs need to be introduced. Who will do it? Effective managers?
        The reason for what is happening is simple: negative personnel selection, the absence of internal politics in general as such, the absence of statesmen in power "as a class."
        1. bk316
          bk316 21 October 2022 11: 14
          -2
          The machine does not count anything. She can't. First you need to enter data into it. And even earlier algorithms and programs need to be introduced. Who will do it? Effective managers?
          The reason for what is happening is simple: negative personnel selection, the absence of internal politics in general as such, the absence of statesmen in power "as a class."

          What was it now? The story of a kindergarten teacher about computers crossed with a speech at a rally of the Communist Party?
  3. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 20 October 2022 16: 14
    0
    In addition to the ferry crossing, it is quite possible to organize a cable line for cargo and pipeline transport for liquid cargo.
  4. Micheal
    Micheal 20 October 2022 17: 00
    0
    It seems odd that the ferries weren't transferred to another location rather than sold. Wasn't there a demand for ferry transportation elsewhere in Russia?

    If so, is it possible to transfer several such ferries to Crimea by order of the relevant ministry?
    1. Podvodnik
      Podvodnik 21 October 2022 10: 14
      +3
      . It seems odd that the ferries weren't transferred to another location rather than sold.


      Nothing unusual. Everything costs money. The state raises taxes without thinking about the consequences, does not want to create conditions for work. The owner of the ferries, having no income due to lack of orders, goes bankrupt. The property is being sold.
      I don’t understand at all how someone else manages to produce at least something in such conditions and provide services. Just take the price of fuel: on January 1, 2000, 92 was 6-50. Now next to Gazprom 47-80. The calculator reports that this is an average of at least 25% price growth over the past 22 years. Each! Year! Well, how? How in general, for example, do machine operators manage to clean bread?
      What about in response to questions? Nothing but "I'm not going to let gas prices skyrocket."
  5. Alexga
    Alexga 20 October 2022 17: 03
    +2
    In 1978 he traveled by Novorossiysk-Murmansk train. They passed through the strait on a ferry at night, but what is interesting is that people are sleeping peacefully, people were not disembarked from the cars. And now I’m thinking, what if there was something with the ferry, and that’s all, only a few were able to get out of the cars. But at the time, this was not thought of.
    1. solar
      solar 20 October 2022 23: 39
      +1
      train Novorossiysk-Murmansk. Passed through the strait

      Excuse me, but through which strait?
      1. Alexga
        Alexga 21 October 2022 09: 15
        +1
        Excuse me, but through which strait?

        Through the Kerch Strait.
        1. 26rus
          26rus 21 October 2022 10: 57
          0
          Quote: AlexGa
          Excuse me, but through which strait?

          Through the Kerch Strait.

          From Novorossiysk to Murmansk through the Kerch Strait belay ? And through Tatar it would not be more convenient wassat ?
          1. Alexga
            Alexga 21 October 2022 11: 25
            +2
            These are questions for the former Ministry of Railways of the USSR. There I developed the route in order to unload the North Caucasus Railway.
          2. gsev
            gsev 21 October 2022 23: 03
            0
            Quote: 26rus
            From Novorossiysk to Murmansk through the Kerch Strait

            The Novorossiysk-Murmansk train, several wagons from Sevastopol were attached to it somewhere.
  6. acetophenone
    acetophenone 20 October 2022 22: 33
    +1
    Quote: paul3390
    This habit of our non-current rulers to measure everything exclusively on the loot, and the momentary one - one day will bring the country to the handle ..

    What? And what now is, like, flowers? Now, isn't it?
  7. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 21 October 2022 07: 34
    +4
    What the current rulers do not undertake, everything turns out through the anus
    1. Dedok
      Dedok 21 October 2022 09: 25
      +5
      Quote: Ryaruav
      What the current rulers do not undertake, everything turns out through the anus

      so no one has hands;
      and if someone, like - has it, then they grow from there
  8. Wanderer_GO
    Wanderer_GO 21 October 2022 15: 00
    -2
    Quote: paul3390
    This habit of our non-current rulers to measure everything exclusively on the loot, and the momentary one - one day will bring the country to the handle ..

    And what drove the USSR to the handle?
  9. Wanderer_GO
    Wanderer_GO 21 October 2022 15: 07
    0
    Quote: Taimen
    Since the 90s, we have been "saving" on the Army and Navy, not to mention the rest, but you want to launch projectors. Fantasy.

    Have they already forgotten what was happening in Russia in the 90s ?, 2 million fellow citizens "flew into the pipe", and you are the army, navy ...
  10. your vsr 66-67
    your vsr 66-67 22 October 2022 09: 08
    +2
    Optimizers warm their dirty little hands everywhere!
  11. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 22 October 2022 20: 11
    +1
    It's all great.
    What do we have in terms of coronavirus?
    What are the developments in terms of combating this virus.
    How is it planned to protect employees involved in CBO from coronavirus?.. It was reported to everyone that half of Ukraine was not vaccinated from the word at all...
    Perhaps the virus came out a little to smoke as long as CBO? ..
    Maybe it doesn't exist at all!?
    1. the same doctor
      the same doctor 23 October 2022 23: 58
      +1
      There was a virus, people suffered, died. Now its danger has decreased and the population up to 40-50 years old can generally spit on it. If you get sick like the flu, but if you get sick, they will cure you in the hospital. The main thing is not to risk vaccination, since there is no data on its effectiveness and safety. so the unvaccinated may have a better chance of surviving.
  12. the same doctor
    the same doctor 23 October 2022 23: 55
    0
    Absolutely the right decision to drive ferries directly from Rostov. But it’s better for them to sail to Sevastopol, Yalta ... I got on the ferry in the evening, slept the night and freshly moved ashore in Yalta or somewhere else.
  13. Serval
    Serval 24 October 2022 12: 04
    +1
    No, ferries are not needed. The bridge is enough, and the second way - through Melitopol.