Military Review

Modeling and war

88
Modeling and war
Such covers of the magazine "Modeler-Constructor" were also very attractive for the boys of the Soviet era. For different reasons…



In the expanses of the sky, thunderstorms died down,
And on the field, as if a redoubt was built:
It's waiting for model aircraft flights,
And the pilots are waiting in line.
One dream rages in us, one concern,
She leads us irresistibly forward -
Attach wings to man-made planes
And make a desperate flight on them.

"Hymn of Aircraft Modellers", text by Vladimir Yagudin

The inertia of human consciousness. Modeling in the USSR was considered a good hobby and - no doubt - a good preparation for future activities. Roughly speaking: if you make aircraft models, you will become a pilot or an aircraft designer; ship models - a sailor, because "the sea is calling"; car models - a designer of new cars or, at least, a mature car enthusiast. Well, and so on for the types of technical modeling. And ... that's how it was, you can't argue with that.

But there was another benefit from modeling, which humanity realized far from immediately and appreciated only now. This is what the story is about, but it will begin, again, with memories, however, that are most directly related to the topic.

To begin with, my first children's technical magazine was "Young Technician" in 1964. For some reason, my mother wrote it out from the second issue and ... I fell in love with him for the cover alone.

Will you read the magazine and your destiny will change?



"Young Technician" No. 2, 1964

I saw my first magazine “Modeler-Konstruktor” No. 4 for 1966 at a newsstand, and the picture on its cover literally sunk into my soul. I started buying, and then they discharged it to me. And I wrote it out for a long time. Many years…

He did not calm down until he found previous issues in the regional House of Pioneers, as well as issues of the Young Model Designer. The fact is that from 1962 to 1966 we had YuMK, but from 1966 it became M-K.

All the time I tried to do something according to the drawings in this magazine, but ... I managed to do only a model of the Kon-Tiki raft and the simplest model of a rocket (and more than one!) To launch at school on the day of April 12th. And that's it!

The magazine did not determine my fate, nor did my visit to the aircraft modeling club, because mathematics was bad, and without it, what kind of engineer? But here's food for thought (and historical knowledge) I got from this magazine through the roof.


"Model designer" number 4 for 1966

So, I was very interested in the radio control of aircraft models, although in the radio business I understood even less than in mathematics. But this is the material I found in the YuMK - "Six-channel model control equipment" (No. 5, 1963). A detailed description, principle of operation and design features of home-made radio control equipment for various models.

In the same magazine, a model of a single-stage rocket with a standard powder engine was described, and the article also explained in detail the manufacture of a home-made powder engine for rocket models. What I already in the 9th grade took advantage of, having a school chemistry circle at hand.

And here are the articles from the “Young Model Designer”, 1964, No. 8: “How to build a RUM-1 transmitter (six-channel control equipment for RUM-1 models”); "Flying wing" - about the various models of this type.

But most of all I was shocked by "Young model designer", 1965, No. 11. It told how to make a cord model-copy of the L-29 aircraft with a home-made jet engine, or rather, with a conventional model ICE, but built into the hull and with an impeller !


Here is a diagram of such a "jet" engine with an impeller based on a five-cubic-inch incandescent internal combustion engine. Why not a ready-made drive for the next modern combat UAV

Further - more: the article "Pulsating Jet" (M-K magazine No. 5 for 1967), which already talked about how to make a real PUVRD - a pulsating air-jet engine, and put it on a model.

The article "It's time for electric planes to fly" (from M-K magazine No. 11, 1980) was also very interesting. Well, then we didn’t have any micromotors on neodymium magnets, or lithium batteries, and electric planes flew on forced DP-1) and DI-1-3 on ... cords through which current was supplied from a rectifier transformer. Primitive? So what to do? And the body of the L-29 was completely made of wooden frames and stingers - solid firewood, and nothing more!

Terribly I did not like such models and, once in the village, I began to invent my own for the school circle. And then there were programs on local TV and work at the Regional SYUT, where I also saw a lot of interesting things.

The directions are incomprehensible, but ... generally useful


For example, we regularly held competitions in timed models there (in my opinion, this model is completely stupid). In fact, it was a glider with a rubber engine or internal combustion engine. Such a model rose to the height and soared like a glider. Booked time. And then the timer released the elevator mount, and the model went down.

Three attempts, the maximum time is 15 minutes, but there are only 45. Somehow the timer failed, and the model flew for 1,5 hours. The guys from rural SUT made these models from slats and tissue paper. But our "aircraft modeler" had access to the research institute, and ... our "oblsyut models" were made of carbon fiber. The case, for example, weighed only 9 g! With very high strength. And this is already 1980-1982.


Development of a modern jet-powered UAV with a PUVRD. Photo popmech.ru

There were also popular competitions for launching models of rocket planes for a while: the same "timers", but with a rocket engine. There were two types of them: with a drop-down flexible v-shaped wing, which was retracted into the drop-down rocket body before launch, and straightened out upon reaching the maximum height. And rocket planes with a rigid wing, also folding downstream.


But this is a development from M-K. True, and very similar, and ... simple ?!

At one time - I read about it in M-K, in our USSR completely idiotic (in my opinion) models of single-blade helicopters became popular. Already today I read about the projects of such machines in the American magazine Popular Mechanics of the 30-50s. Even then it was clear that this would not go anywhere, by the way, they wrote about the same in M-K, but ... They continued to compete with them.

They took off on one blade very high and stayed in the air for a long time. There were also competitions in models of snowmobiles ... on one skate (not similar to real ones at all!), But they, without a doubt, developed our technical creativity. Knowledge and experience were accumulated, books were published - in a word, a scientific and technical base was created.

Was it helpful? Without a doubt, although these models themselves (single-bladed helicopters and single-ridged snowmobiles) did not look like anything.

And so the years passed. The USSR is long gone. No one is launching single-blade helicopters, just like snowmobiles. At Regional SYUT, priorities are given to robotics - also creativity for me - everything is assembled from sets according to ready-made schemes. The level of independence in work is minimal. Such is our time. But ... the entire accumulated scientific and technical base remained!

And again everything happens according to the principle “everything new is well forgotten old”. Here is some research institute boasting that they made a flying target with a PUVRD! We found something to brag about when M-K, well, wrote about the same model back in 1967. There were both schemes and detailed drawings - take it and do it. Even recipes for fuel mixtures - and those were given.


And here is the diagram of the device of this device, again, from the M-K magazine many years ago

What was missing? As already noted: small-sized steering machines, miniature video cameras, powerful microelectric motors, modern plastics and ... powerful current sources. In principle, all this today can even be put on an arrow for an ordinary sports bow and we will succeed weapon, described by A. Kazantsev in the novel "The Burning Island" (version of 1966).

Styrofoam Super Mini FAA


And now this: we take and stamp wings and plumage from foam plastic, glue the carbon fiber body and install our home-made ramjet made of duralumin and steel on all this. In the head part there is a control unit, a battery and a rotary unit with a video camera. And there, inside the fairing, also made of foam plastic, there is a cylindrical warhead: a cumulative funnel lined with copper, and walls made of welded steel bars 3,5 mm thick, notched into ready-made fragments.

The weight of the warhead is about 6-7 kg. That is, it turns out a shell of the good old Russian "three-inch". And that’s it… You don’t even need to paint!

This “thing” is launched one way, controlled by a joystick through the monitor, and flies ... low and at a very decent speed from 150 to 200 km / h, depending on the power of the PUVRD and the fuel used.

Such a flying “projectile” of the FAU-Super will be even cheaper than the Geranium, and it will be completely impossible to intercept it. And ... we got an excellent tool for combat in operational depth. And to do "such" today is within the power of very many enterprises. In fact, all you need to do is the PUVRD itself, the warhead and the body, and everything else is “cubes” that you can buy today.

Single-bladed re-takeoff!


A single-bladed helicopter can also come in handy, and how!

We take a plastic water pipe, open at both ends. We insert a rocket block into it with stabilizers that open after departure. A combat cylindrical part is attached to this block, cast from cast iron in the shape of a "lemon", i.e. with notches on the body.

The weight of the warhead itself is about 750 g. In other words, like a Russian grenade of the 1914 model. Only here in the bottom part there is a cumulative funnel, designed to break through 20 mm of armor, and ... a portable video camera from a "mobile phone". Above - a charge of hexogen with aluminum powder and ... a battery with a control unit.

Even higher is a ring rotated by a microelectric motor with two vertical posts. An aerodynamically shaped fairing is fixed on the racks, which can tilt left and right. The upper part of the fairing is rotated by a microelectric motor, and it has only one blade (for the sake of cheapness), which is controlled by another steering machine and can be folded downstream.

This UOP (“universal infantry weapon”) works like this: the pipe is attached behind the back so that a shot from it does not touch either the head or legs. The starting angle is set by the tilt of the hull. Control - joystick through the monitor screen. When launched, the missile block throws the warhead together with the controlled part weighing about one kilogram to a height of about 180-200 m and a distance of 1-2 km, depending on the launch angle.

There, the rocket block is thrown away, the helicopter blade opens and starts to rotate, keeping the warhead in the air, and the video camera transmits the image to the monitor. If desired, you can go down even lower, if you want to move - the rotary ring sets the direction, and the slope of the fairing with the blade - the necessary thrust.

15 minutes in the air, let's say, should be enough for the operator of this flying grenade to find a target. Well, having found it, he turns off the engine, the blade is automatically placed along the stream, and ... the grenade flies down. Moreover, if the target is mobile, you can always correct the flight, until it hits it.

Expensive? Yes, maybe this weapon will turn out to be expensive. But now all weapons are expensive. And over time it will become even more expensive.

Well, the trend, so to speak, was prompted by the development of technical creativity and modeling in our country many, many years ago. It remains only to find something suitable, to saturate the old developments with new technological content, and we may have at our disposal an effective, and possibly not too expensive, weapon of today.
Author:
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  1. Boniface
    Boniface 23 October 2022 16: 07
    +13
    Thank you! Good article ! I plunged into childhood, my father subscribed to himself "Technique of Youth", to me "Young Technician". I read "Model Designer" in the library and studied in an aircraft modeling circle ...
    1. credo
      credo 23 October 2022 16: 18
      +16
      These magazines were interesting not only for children but also for adults, and later it became known that capitalist countries "did not disdain" to study them up and down.
      A good undertaking and a necessary thing with the return of Russia to capitalism lost its mass character and was covered with a copper basin. It's a pity.
      Now the priority is the Unified State Examination, the OGE, additional classes and tutors, instead of children's schools, palaces of creativity and free circles for introducing children to technical sciences.
    2. Shurik70
      Shurik70 23 October 2022 16: 31
      +6
      This is how ISIS riveted drones on its knee in Syria.
      A body with wings was cut out of foam, a cheap motor and a Chinese radio control board were hung on it. The most difficult thing was the steering wheels connected to the board, where it was necessary to manually install electromagnets on the rods. Oh, and an explosive battery. One person with hands in a day in the garage and a few pieces could rivet.
      After that, the shortage of reconnaissance UAVs at the front is completely incomprehensible.
      In addition to the radio-controlled model, only a video camera is added there, and that's it.
      1. NDR-791
        NDR-791 23 October 2022 18: 01
        -2
        Quote: Shurik70
        This is how ISIS riveted drones on its knee in Syria.

        Quote: Shurik70
        After that, the shortage of reconnaissance UAVs at the front is completely incomprehensible.

        The cant is completely understandable because where to get cameras and chips ???
        Now to the author - have you ever heard a ramjet growl, even such a toy? And to launch it, you need a starting acceleration ... Where can I get it? Even a tank can be placed on the back of an infantryman, but this does not work well.
        1. kalibr
          23 October 2022 19: 38
          +3
          Quote: NDR-791
          And to start it, you need a starting acceleration ..

          The article in M-K tells everything. And how to do it, and how to run it!
        2. exebichi
          exebichi 24 October 2022 08: 04
          +3
          I'm sorry, of course, but you don't know at all what's going on in aircraft modeling. everything is sold on modeling sites, on ours it is even cheaper than on Chinese ones, sent by an expensive one. my two-meter glider with an upgrade from the hand with a candle up goes. drag f1 easily, there is no camera, after the strokes I didn’t finish it, but it’s easy to install it and believe me it’s inexpensive. it is non-separable, so I don’t even offer it for war, it’s cheaper to write it out and assemble it on the spot, why this is not done, the question is. although such things are practically forbidden in our country. https://www.parkflyer.ru/ru/product/460704/ offhand.
    3. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 23 October 2022 16: 53
      +11
      Quote: Boniface
      my father subscribed to himself "Technique of Youth", to me "Young Technician". "Modeler constructor" I read in the library

      And I subscribed to "Technology of Youth" and "Modeler-Constructor" ... "Young Technician" used to buy at a kiosk if there were interesting ideas ... But by and large ... can you remember everything! "Science and Technology", "Technology and Armament", "Foreign Military Education", "Radio", "Radio Amateur" ... The era of the Yeltsin mess weaned us from subscribing to magazines and newspapers! And the point was not so much in the increase in the cost of the subscription, but in the irregularity of delivery, when I received a skinny magazine with "numbers" for 3 months once a quarter!
    4. Vend
      Vend 24 October 2022 08: 58
      +3
      Quote: Boniface
      Thank you! Good article ! I plunged into childhood, my father subscribed to himself "Technique of Youth", to me "Young Technician". I read "Model Designer" in the library and studied in an aircraft modeling circle ...

      This is how our childhood passed. It developed the mind.
    5. Bulgarian_5
      Bulgarian_5 24 October 2022 23: 50
      +4
      It is better for young people to engage in this than with drugs, alcohol and indiscriminate sex ....
  2. Maxim G
    Maxim G 23 October 2022 16: 10
    +4
    I don’t remember that at the YuT station, when creating aircraft models, they used drawings from MK ...
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 23 October 2022 16: 24
      +13
      SYUT and Pioneer Palaces were provided with numerous teaching aids, and magazine files were also ...
      Of course, not everywhere is the same, it depended on the people, those who worked there and organized everything.
      When they organized the SYUT type in the villages, I handed over my files of such magazines there, alas, there was no other then.
      1. Maxim G
        Maxim G 23 October 2022 16: 28
        +7
        We had our own library with literature in Tyumen, on Geologorazvedchikov Street, if I remember correctly.
        But I don’t remember the planes made from magazines, this is the beginning of the 90s.
        Cars have already begun to be made on radio control, and the planes were still corded.

        And in MK I remember I was impressed by the news about the MiG-25 model with a jet engine, and the large radio-controlled Mi-8.

        However, there were so many delicious things for the child. especially in color photographs).
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 23 October 2022 16: 53
          +9
          Most importantly, teenagers were taught to work with their hands and head!
          Then exhibitions, competitions, rallies and so on.
          Extra-curricular work was built clearly and it gave its positive results.
          1. Maxim G
            Maxim G 23 October 2022 16: 57
            +4
            Yes.
            By the way, we now have a free school of robotics, competitions are also held).
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 23 October 2022 17: 22
              +2
              There is something now...
              It is more difficult to pull teenagers out of their computers and smartphones.
              Alas, virtual affairs draw in many, big and small.
              1. Maxim G
                Maxim G 23 October 2022 17: 25
                +2
                Yes, unfortunately, in the virtual world, teenagers are often more interesting than in the real world.
                1. Vladimir-TTT
                  Vladimir-TTT 23 October 2022 20: 11
                  +4
                  They are sent there (to the virtual world) by our education system and parents.
                  You can’t do anything with your hands (even clean / wash your class), you can’t slap on the back of the head, you can’t go into a corner, you can’t be kicked out of the class.
                  And then they suddenly all in Georgia, Kazakhstan and other places are hiding from mobilization ....
                  1. Maxim G
                    Maxim G 23 October 2022 20: 26
                    +3
                    Now they are not concerned about human development - if only they would work, and buy what they advertise and, in general, shine less.
          2. kalibr
            23 October 2022 19: 41
            +5
            Quote: rocket757
            Extra-curricular work was built clearly and it gave its positive results.

            I wouldn't say it's that clear. As always, a lot depended on people and their connections. And the results were also mixed. Somewhere they were, but somewhere they were not.
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 23 October 2022 21: 40
              +3
              All of us who are from there, from the USSR, know that it was not the same everywhere. There is nothing to argue about here.
              Village, city, large industrial centers, CAPITALS!!!
              Unfortunately, it was different.
    2. MBRSS
      MBRSS 23 October 2022 17: 30
      +3
      Maxim G At school he attended SYuT, an aircraft model and then a ship model section. The drawings there were 1:1, probably redrawn and recopied many times, on whatman paper and tracing paper. It was difficult to understand them, I had to improvise. Now there is expanse for modellers, do it - I don’t want to, practically any drawings. But then everything was for free :))) In the sense of materials and tools. Only engines were missing, and there were no R / C equipment at all :(
      PS This is mid to late 1970s.
      1. Maxim G
        Maxim G 23 October 2022 17: 34
        +2
        We didn’t have either, only engines that were installed before flights).
      2. rocket757
        rocket757 23 October 2022 18: 45
        +2
        So steering machines, radio control, they did it themselves ... i.e. the model was made by hand from and to!
        The motor, of course, was industrially manufactured, if it did not work on a rubber motor, batteries / batteries were also given out, if they were available, of course.
        However, not everywhere there were large radio factories that took over and helped the SUT and the Palaces of Pioneers, alas.
        1. Maxim G
          Maxim G 23 October 2022 19: 38
          0
          For some reason, we only had cords, gliders, and rubber motors.
          We didn't have a radio station.
          Although even engines for military aircraft were produced.
    3. sso-xnumx
      sso-xnumx 23 October 2022 19: 31
      +3
      Whoever wanted, he used ... In our rural school, in an aircraft modeling circle, as many as 5 people assembled a contour model of the Yak-3 !!! True, they didn’t fly, there weren’t enough motors for everyone ...
  3. UA3QHP
    UA3QHP 23 October 2022 16: 10
    +3
    for some reason, my mother wrote it out from the second issue and ... I fell in love with him for the cover alone.
    It's strange how, in general, the subscriptions were annual or semi-annual, but in advance before the beginning of the year. Maybe the first number "gone somewhere"?
    1. Al manah
      Al manah 23 October 2022 16: 46
      +4
      Quite often they left. And it is not clear, whether from the mail, or from the mailbox ...
  4. UA3QHP
    UA3QHP 23 October 2022 16: 13
    +2
    GN Shpakovsky You are more careful with recipes there, now it is not Soviet power. Can and complicity to terrorists to sew. sad
    1. Bingo
      Bingo 23 October 2022 16: 21
      +10
      Yes, it's easy. I'm surprised how chemistry textbooks have not yet been castrated - it's just a guide for a novice demolition worker
    2. kalibr
      23 October 2022 16: 47
      +9
      Quote: Ua3qhp
      May aiding

      Open sites on technical creativity. There are many more than I have including sizes. To say - "make it out of foam" does not mean to recommend. Do it if it's that easy. In general, everything is simple if you know how!
  5. Konnick
    Konnick 23 October 2022 16: 15
    +4
    With these cheap aircraft models, you can disturb the positions of the Armed Forces of Ukraine around the clock and let them spend cartridges on them
    1. MBRSS
      MBRSS 23 October 2022 18: 27
      +4
      But with such rubbish the enemy can simply be driven crazy:
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 23 October 2022 16: 18
    +7
    For children's creativity, development, training and professional orientation, it was impossible to think of a better one. In addition, all this was backed up by numerous out-of-school organizations where you could translate your ideas into natural performance!
  7. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 23 October 2022 16: 25
    +7
    Mdaaa dear Vyacheslav ... what you should be more careful with such articles ... otherwise some crazy youngster will decide to use your ideas with bad intentions.
    And so I re-read all the old magazines of the Modeler-Designer ... on a flash drive I threw off all the numbers that I managed to cut in the internet ... very fascinating reading ... you read like a Pushkin poem.
    I heard that the ideas from this magazine were stolen and appropriated by our foreign neighbors ... Japanese, Chinese, Europeans.
  8. Podvodnik
    Podvodnik 23 October 2022 16: 27
    +13
    . So, I was very interested in the radio control of model aircraft,


    Captures. That's for sure. There are three models at home, I launch them periodically. It's a pity there are fewer modellers. The state is not interested in us. We have no money. Only "spokes in the wheels" strive to insert. Just registering is worth it! There were even stories on TV - the leaders of the aircraft modeling circles lamented that without registering with the guys for flights in the field, they couldn’t leave. If you leave, you'll be fined. Here it is, the true support for the technical creativity of the young!
    It remains to wait until registration is introduced on the ship model. Not much.... Suddenly they will enter some water area, they will remove the palace with something, acquired by overwork ....
  9. John Smith
    John Smith 23 October 2022 16: 27
    +4
    eh, I’ll go and shake it on the desktop, from the number that the cover was posted and I’ll start
  10. Luminman
    Luminman 23 October 2022 16: 35
    +5
    I saw my first magazine "Modeler-constructor" number 4 for 1966 at a newsstand

    A little later, such magazines cannot be bought in the afternoon with fire! I remember how my father, with great difficulty, subscribed to the journal Science and Life. For a very big deal...
    1. Vladimir100
      Vladimir100 23 October 2022 17: 46
      +4
      but any party waste paper was published in tens of millions
      1. Luminman
        Luminman 23 October 2022 18: 18
        +1
        but any party waste paper was published in tens of millions

        On good coated paper... wink
        1. kalibr
          23 October 2022 19: 44
          +6
          Quote: Luminman
          On good coated paper...

          No, the magazines "Politagitator", "Party Life", "Questions of the History of the CPSU", "Communist" were just published on yellow newsprint, you can trust me. But the circulation is really very large.
          1. Luminman
            Luminman 23 October 2022 20: 12
            +1
            just published on yellow newsprint

            These can. But the selected speeches of members of the Politburo or the materials of some congress - certainly on coated paper! And also in large numbers...
            1. kalibr
              23 October 2022 20: 30
              +3
              Quote: Luminman
              But the selected speeches of members of the Politburo or the materials of some congress - certainly on coated paper!

              Just on good white paper. I had the publications "CPSU on Scientific and Technical Progress", Lenin on Scientific and Technical Progress". The materials of the congresses themselves were also on white paper, but not coated. Oh, how many of them I had at home ...
  11. acetophenone
    acetophenone 23 October 2022 16: 39
    +9
    As a child, I also took part in the launch of a model with a PuVRD in the DPSH. Only we had it with a petal valve at the inlet. The model was cord. It was the bomb! And how she howled! Especially when they launched at the stand indoors! Like a sinful soul in hell! And it flew at a terrible speed... Even the models of rockets were not impressive against its background. If it weren't for the radio club next door, I would be an aeronautical engineer ... Perhaps.
    1. HAM
      HAM 23 October 2022 17: 26
      +7
      I remember in a rural store there was just such a howling ICE for model aircraft at the price of as much as 6 rubles crying , and ether-based fuel, where to get it? And it was easier to get radio components_and so I became, at first, a "free radio amateur" ..... and so for the last almost 50 years ...
      THE MOST important thing in the Union was engaged in future engineers since childhood.. the circle at school sent in the right direction .. did not let "hooligans" continue.
  12. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 23 October 2022 17: 08
    +6
    Yes, only Vyacheslav Olegovich had time to accuse him of hooligan inclinations in the morning, and he leaned into mentors for young terrorists !!! laughing
    Thanks for the M-K desktops, my parents didn’t write me out. From the fourth grade, my father insisted that instead of the Zvezdochka magazine, he should switch to Technique of Youth and Young Tesniks. From the fifth grade, they mistakenly wrote out "Foreign Military Review". To say that I hung up hard (didn't do my homework, stayed at home, etc.) after appearing in the cherished magazines in the mail, this is probably even an underestimation of the emotional state of a schoolboy of the 80s! However, I met Vyacheslav Olegovich in absentia in the distant 90s by opening the TM Tankomaster app!

    1. kalibr
      23 October 2022 19: 47
      +6
      You could also read my articles in YUT... They began to appear there after 1980.
  13. MBRSS
    MBRSS 23 October 2022 17: 15
    +1
    hexogen charge with aluminum powder

    but does that happen? Hexogen, he seems to be "self-sufficient", why does he need aluminum?
    I saw my first magazine “Modeler-Konstruktor” No. 4 for 1966 at a newsstand, and the picture on its cover literally sunk into my soul.

    My older brother subscribed to the magazine (probably in 1974) and the cover of the first issue, with the sailboat "Saint Peter", also fascinated me and was well remembered. Unfortunately, I don't remember the covers of subsequent issues.
    1. kalibr
      23 October 2022 19: 48
      +4
      Aluminum powder increases the incendiary effect of the ammunition.
      1. MBRSS
        MBRSS 23 October 2022 21: 19
        -1
        Aluminum powder increases the incendiary effect of the ammunition.

        this is closer to the topic, namely the "lighter additive" that burns in the oxygen of the air, and not RDX. Those. hexogen detonates on its own, spending its oxygen to oxidize carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen. How!
      2. Lex_is
        Lex_is 24 October 2022 09: 19
        +2
        No
        It does not have any incendiary effect.

        It reduces the speed of detonation (brisance), but increases the heat of the explosion (explosiveness).
        1. kalibr
          24 October 2022 16: 54
          0
          Quote: Lex_is
          heat of explosion

          "Some like it hot..."
  14. m_silenus
    m_silenus 23 October 2022 17: 31
    +9
    The author took me back to my childhood/youth. These magazines I bought regularly. Here (in Bulgaria) they were delivered and sold in kiosks.
    1. kalibr
      23 October 2022 19: 49
      +7
      Quote from m_silenus
      Here (in Bulgaria) they were delivered and sold in kiosks.

      And I really liked the Bulgarian magazine "Modelist". By the way, it even somehow published my article about the mine boat model of 1877. And - from paper, but floating.
    2. stankow
      stankow 23 October 2022 23: 51
      +2
      I still keep the Radio files. And I work as a radio engineer smile
  15. 2112vda
    2112vda 23 October 2022 17: 39
    +1
    Quote: MBRBS
    but does that happen? Hexogen, he seems to be "self-sufficient", why does he need aluminum?

    Aluminum powder increases the flash point. A mixture of hexogen with aluminum powder and with certain additives is called A-IX-X, which has been used since the Patriotic War. This explosive has a higher explosive power than TNT. The recipe and production technology was developed by Ledin.
    1. MBRSS
      MBRSS 23 October 2022 18: 57
      +1
      2112vda It's clear. I just thought that Al powder was used only in ammonal and solid propellant rocket motors.
  16. Vladimir100
    Vladimir100 23 October 2022 18: 05
    +2
    military-industrial complex in the hands of corrupt clans who do not need it
  17. Silhouette
    Silhouette 23 October 2022 18: 06
    +2
    I subscribed to myself as a model designer for several years, starting from the 4th grade. According to the drawings, he made several models of ships from it (the cruiser "Askold", the destroyer "Terrible", the pinnace of Tasman). I received the first information on the history of our fleet and battleships from him. From it he also learned information that was then carefully concealed. I was surprised to learn that in fascist Italy they built the best leader "Tashkent" for us, that in fascist Germany just before the war they bought an unfinished heavy cruiser "Luttsov", called "Petropavlovsk", interesting information was also on torpedo boats, aircraft. The magazine was great.
    1. kalibr
      23 October 2022 19: 51
      +4
      Quote: Silhouette
      The magazine was great.

      My first article in it appeared in April 1980.
      1. Ruslan67
        Ruslan67 24 October 2022 17: 13
        0
        Have you come across any magazines of this profile?
        from the union republics? And were they at all? hi
        1. kalibr
          24 October 2022 17: 59
          0
          Quote: Ruslan67
          And were they at all?

          You know, at one time I tried to find. I know there was a Plumushki magazine, but where, in what country? Interestingly, it seems that in Kazakhstan in the GAZETA, copies of my articles from the Penza newspaper Molodoy Leninets and Yu-T were published. And they called me "Free Time Teacher" in it. What kind of newspaper, in which republic, I don’t remember exactly. But it was, someone sent me this newspaper. But the time of 92-93 was not up to the search for authorship. But whether there were magazines - alas, I do not know.
          But I know that after the release of my magazine "Tankmaster" they began to publish: Aviamaster, Flotomaster, Master + Aviation, Master Gun, Standmaster, Minimaster, Scale 72-35, and Master Knife. Wow, what was it!
          1. Ruslan67
            Ruslan67 25 October 2022 01: 39
            0
            Quote: kalibr
            . I know there was a magazine

            Here is some kind of gag with magazines, not only on such topics what In national languages, I saw and read only Ukrainian Pepper (analogous to Crocodile) I know the Uzbek Star of the East, the Belarusian Neman and ... that's it. Both are in Russian. Were there literary magazines? Maybe you came across as a propagandist? Yes, and your geography of travel is richer. why me request
            Quote: kalibr
            master gun,

            Once upon a time I constantly bought, during the period of passion for hunting, just like Weapons and Kalashnikov. Until the quantity turned into an apartment-scale disaster laughing
            1. Repellent
              Repellent 25 October 2022 01: 44
              -2
              Quote: Ruslan67
              Maybe you came across as a propagandist?

              Doby witch ... great, floor polisher !! ))) I lost my phone, can you remind me? wink
            2. kalibr
              25 October 2022 07: 08
              0
              Quote: Ruslan67
              Maybe you came across as a propagandist? Yes, and your geography of travel is richer. why me

              Here is the problem: when I was in a lot of places, I didn’t pay attention to it, and then, alas. I didn’t even think about this topic ... And then the same thing - there is no place to store it.
  18. Taoist
    Taoist 23 October 2022 18: 59
    +5
    Modeling is:
    1) Ability to understand technology and read blueprints.
    2) Ability to work with hands and solve technical problems
    3) Awakening interest in the theory and history of technology...
    The Union understood this ...
    By the way, now in my old age I am reproducing a model of a torpedo boat with which I once won zonal competitions in the class of "radio-controlled models of copies of a figure course"
  19. Sergey_52
    Sergey_52 23 October 2022 20: 15
    +4
    In addition to magazines, many modeling components were quite available in stores. I remember in our "Sportcultovary" they freely sold, for example, microengines for model aircraft.
  20. bk0010
    bk0010 23 October 2022 21: 27
    +2
    At one time - I read about it in M-K, in our USSR completely idiotic (in my opinion) models of single-blade helicopters became popular.
    They are not idiotic, but close to ideal: people close to the helicopter theme said that the optimal propeller consists of a single blade of infinite length. And many blades are made due to the fact that one has limited strength and will not hold a heavy helicopter, it will break.
    1. DenVB
      DenVB 24 October 2022 00: 22
      0
      Quote: bk0010
      the optimal propeller consists of a single blade of infinite length.

      What about imbalance?
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 24 October 2022 08: 56
        +1
        What about imbalance?
        Rotation around the center of mass, like a maple seed.
        1. DenVB
          DenVB 24 October 2022 09: 55
          0
          Quote: Aviator_
          Rotation around the center of mass, like a maple seed.

          Mass imbalance can be corrected with a counterweight, but how can thrust imbalance be corrected?
          1. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 24 October 2022 17: 12
            0
            What do you call traction imbalance, explain.
            1. DenVB
              DenVB 24 October 2022 17: 18
              0
              Quote: Aviator_
              What do you call traction imbalance, explain.

              The blade creates thrust. Or, if you like, lift. And this force is applied somewhere away from the axis of rotation. If there are, say, two blades, the lift force of both is balanced. If the blade is one - there must be an imbalance. Like a plane with one wing.
              1. Aviator_
                Aviator_ 24 October 2022 17: 57
                +1
                If the blade is one - there must be an imbalance. Like a plane with one wing.
                An airplane has a fixed wing. For a single-blade helicopter, the imbalance will be averaged over the time of one revolution, which will lead to oscillations with a period equal to the revolution. In principle, you can put a damper. Only and everything. Models are flying. Naturally, I do not propose to apply this scheme anywhere other than modeling.
                1. DenVB
                  DenVB 24 October 2022 18: 05
                  0
                  Quote: Aviator_
                  For a single-blade helicopter, the imbalance will be averaged over the time of one revolution, which will lead to oscillations with a period equal to the revolution.

                  Exactly.

                  Quote: Aviator_
                  In principle, you can put a damper. Only and everything.

                  Only and everything? An interesting decision.

                  Quote: Aviator_
                  Models are flying. Naturally, I do not propose to apply this scheme anywhere other than modeling.

                  The original message mentioned "heavy helicopter".
                  1. Aviator_
                    Aviator_ 24 October 2022 18: 43
                    0
                    The original message mentioned "heavy helicopter".
                    I have nothing to do with this post. And as for dampers - there are enough of them in traditional helicopters.
  21. Dmitry Ivanov_8
    Dmitry Ivanov_8 24 October 2022 08: 25
    +1
    About 5 years ago I assembled the T-72 tank, now, until now, the Volga is still in the process - all partworks. "Bismarck" from Ashette Collection hung at the hull stage - no numbers :(. Yes, there was a good application for "UT" - "Lefty". I collected a bunch of models from there in the 90s
    1. minus
      minus 24 October 2022 10: 34
      0
      All these ashets are wiring in its purest form! Gathered in units. Because the price is not designed for the average Russian.... Yeah, buy the first issue for 99 rubles, and then how much will the number with one detail cost???? 200? 300? 500? And then catch a hundred other issues .... and such a model comes out from 50 thousand and more .... Will he be able to collect many children? It's easier to assemble more adequate models ....
  22. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 24 October 2022 08: 54
    0
    absolutely idiotic (in my opinion) models of single-blade helicopters have become popular in our USSR.
    And what is their "idiocy" is? Is this really -
    They took off on one blade very high and stayed in the air for a long time.
    1. kalibr
      24 October 2022 18: 07
      +1
      Quote: Aviator_
      And what is their "idiocy" is?

      The fact that this is not quite a model, but rather a sports equipment. A model is, to a certain extent, a copy of something. What about a single bladed helicopter? I only know his drawing on the cover of the American magazine Popular Mechanics. There is no prototype in real life. That is, it is not quite a model and not quite modeling. In my opinion.
      1. DenVB
        DenVB 24 October 2022 19: 51
        0
        Quote: kalibr
        I only know his drawing on the cover of the American magazine Popular Mechanics. There is no prototype in real life.

        As it turned out, there were prototypes:
        1. kalibr
          24 October 2022 20: 13
          0
          Interesting. Haven't seen it before. But I wrote based on the materials of M-K ...
          1. DenVB
            DenVB 24 October 2022 20: 15
            +1
            Quote: kalibr
            Haven't seen before

            Me too. I expected the vibration to be furious, but it is not noticeable.
  23. acetophenone
    acetophenone 24 October 2022 10: 19
    0
    Quote: DenVB
    Quote: Aviator_
    Rotation around the center of mass, like a maple seed.

    Mass imbalance can be corrected with a counterweight, but how can thrust imbalance be corrected?

    A typical "spherical horse in a vacuum". It's scary to even think how it will be wound ... Imagine, instead of another blade, carry a counterweight. And if you take into account the shoulder, then he should weigh ...
    1. kalibr
      24 October 2022 18: 09
      +1
      I didn’t see those helicopters shaking. They took off very smoothly and smoothly and went, rotating upwards. And when the fuel ran out, they also slowly, rotating, fell down. Look at the M-K file. There are plenty of them.
  24. SNA
    SNA 25 October 2022 14: 42
    0
    Quote: Nikolaevich I
    Foreign military education

    foreign military review, as well as an innovator-innovator, technical aesthetics, the us automotive industry ...
  25. exebichi
    exebichi 26 October 2022 10: 34
    0
    Well, I can't be silent. the points. I don’t understand the noise, why the internal combustion engine, I don’t understand, modern electric motors are not inferior in power and do not radiate heat and do not yell, if as a one-time, then the battery is inexpensive. there is such an arduino block, also inexpensive, not a stupid high school student will program it as it should. do not need an enterprise, assembly can be arranged in the field. when asked why I don’t do it, after 3 strokes, I can only reason. not a single radar will detect foam rubbish, but it can destroy a tank. How did the Ukrainians not think of this. and these are not closed military technologies. You can buy online cheaply.
  26. Rusfaner
    Rusfaner 27 October 2022 11: 17
    0
    Quote: acetophenon
    As a child, I also took part in the launch of a model with a PuVRD in the DPSH. Only we had it with a petal valve at the inlet. The model was cord. It was the bomb! And how she howled! Especially when they launched at the stand indoors! Like a sinful soul in hell! And it flew at a terrible speed... Even the models of rockets were not impressive against its background. If it weren't for the radio club next door, I would be an aeronautical engineer ... Perhaps.

    How similar - down to the details! You, straight, took and described my choice of profession: an air circle - gliders, timers, "cords", ramjet engines, "copies", a radio circle-technical school-institute, DOSAAF - D1-8 ser.6, UT-15, Crossbow, Parafoil, Yak-18T, Cessna and here it is - retirement! fellow
  27. Eule
    Eule 27 October 2022 18: 55
    0
    In the USSR, book covers were sometimes very attractive to schoolchildren, an example on the same site is
    https://topwar.ru/uploads/posts/2022-08/thumbs/6017144732.jpg