"Space Fleet of Russia": save the remnants and think about the restoration

"Space Fleet of Russia": save the remnants and think about the restoration
The ship command-measuring complex (CFC) "Marshal Krylov" began to carry out its tasks after a lengthy repair and sea trials. This is the only domestic ship in its class fleetproviding flight design tests of rocket and space technology. One of the two remaining ships of the once mighty and numerous Soviet “space fleet” - a series of ships that ensured control of space objects and communication with them.


The launch of the new combat service of the ship coincided with the exercises of the Strategic Missile Forces, during which combat training launches of all three components of the Russian “nuclear triad” were conducted: ground-based missile systems, strategic air-launched cruise missiles and sea-launched ballistic missiles. In the course of the exercise, new control systems for strategic nuclear forces were tested.

Once an integral part of our space program and strategic nuclear forces were the ships of the measuring complex and space communications - huge, snow-white, with giant domes and "plates" of antennas. They constituted the glory and pride of the Soviet Navy. They provided spacecraft flight control, communications with crews and satellites, trajectory and telemetry measurements of space objects. They helped the Soviet Union push the radio visibility zone far beyond its borders.

Over time, when space signal relay systems appeared, the value of the ships for providing continuous communication began to decrease. After the collapse of the Union, its own space program began to be phased out. About the testing of new ballistic missiles, the country's leadership, trying to be friends with the "civilized world", was not too much thought. It seemed that the flotilla "space fleet" is no longer needed. And in the 90-s years, ships, including new ones, began to "cut into needles." However, it later turned out that there was no money for the creation of a satellite relay system (because of the “default”, the third satellite could not be launched, and the first two soon developed a resource). Yes, and to improve the nuclear shield still had to. But when they came to their senses, it was already too late - almost nothing was left of the “star flotilla”. From the ships of the Department of Marine Expeditionary Works of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (provided the space program), only one remained - "Cosmonaut Viktor Patsayev". From the command-measuring complex of the Navy (it provided strategic nuclear forces), only Marshal Krylov remained.

The fate of the rest of the "star" ships of the Russian fleet is sad. Only the research vessel Akademik Nikolai Pilyugin (project 19510 Adonis) is alive and now sailing under the Italian flag, like a cruise liner. In 1996, the ship completed on 60% sold the Mariotti shipyard, which, having received a ready-made ship hull with excellent seaworthiness, completed it as a cruise ship Seven Seas Navigator. Moreover, the Sakhalin CEC is flying the Chinese flag.



By the end of the 90-x, the manned space program was folded in favor of the International Space Station (ISS). The state could not or did not want to maintain the Mir station in parallel with the ISS. But to refuse international obligations - just could not. Management and communications were duplicated from American Houston. There was no relay system, and communication with the own orbital grouping was maintained almost only in the radio visibility of ground points. In fact, even today, when considerable efforts are being made to restore uninterrupted radio communications, the radio visibility zone has significant gaps, which clearly affects the space program. This is where the "space" navy would be useful! But, having removed the head, they do not cry through the hair. Soviet space dash remained in stories, along with the "space fleet". And today, having what we have, we have to deal with the restoration of what we already had.

Currently, the project of a multi-functional space relay system is underway. While in Kaliningrad region a ground command-measuring point has not been created, the research ship "Cosmonaut Viktor Patsayev" (for more than ten years, as moored near the Museum of the World Ocean in Kaliningrad) - surprisingly combines excursions and simultaneously works as part of an automated control system spacecraft. The situation would be funny if it were not sad - the existing complex, which performs the most important tasks, is forced to earn money by itself to maintain its efficiency. Several times, when weather disasters took place in Houston, the Viktor Patsayev complex took over communication functions with the ISS. Of course, its value will gradually decrease when other elements of the control system are put into operation. But in my opinion, if we want to develop our own space program (and apparently we still want it), it doesn’t stop us from thinking about the duplicate sea-based management systems that were thoughtlessly eliminated in the 90s.

Today, thanks to the heroic efforts of the crew, the RV Victor Patsayev regularly undergoes checks of the Maritime Register of Shipping and is a full-fledged ship, and not just a floating technical means. After the commissioning of the Baltic Instrumentation, he will be able to perform some of the duplicate functions, including at sea. Fortunately, the complex of its technical means was at one time modernized by the NPO Measuring Equipment. But we must understand that the stability of the space group depends on the duplication of communication and measurement systems. And here we should not neglect the Soviet experience, which today allows us to remain a space power. And based on this experience, in my humble opinion, one should think about the marine component of space systems.

But the Pacific Fleet, we have saved a truly unique ship. The last of the Soviet ships of the measuring complex, Marshal Krylov, which was part of the 30 fleet of December 1989, is a truly huge ship with a displacement of more than 23 000 tons. It remains today one of the largest and most technically equipped ships of our fleet. The composition of its technical complex and today has no world analogues and allows you to work with various space objects, communicate or control, work with telemetry information or determine the parameters of objects. Its autonomy is 120 days. "Marshal Krylov" is one of the highest achievements of Soviet science. Only by a miracle did he not suffer the fate of the other ships of the 35 th brigade of the measuring complex, which at the beginning of the 90's planned to eliminate completely. Marshal Krylov, almost the same type, was Marshal Nedelin, which at one time provided a unique operation to transfer equipment from the Salyut-7 station to the Mir station, as well as the Buran unmanned flight, was delivered for a scheduled repair at 1990- m But nobody repaired it. The unique ship was partially demolished, partially looted, and sold for scrap in 1999. The third ship of this project, the Marshal Turquoise, was cut unfinished on a slipway. The same sad fate befell six more ships of the 35 st brigade. And honor and praise to those whose efforts managed to keep the Marshal Krylov CEC!

When the troubled period of 90's ended and we again needed space programs and new means of nuclear deterrence, it turned out that there was something to provide for their test launches. The work of the Marshal Krylov crew accompanied almost all the significant tests of new missile systems and launches of spacecraft. It is precisely in the Pacific that the head units of the tested missiles fall at launch at the ultimate range. In the Pacific, satellites are finishing their work. In the Pacific conduct their tests weapons other countries. And the upgraded and repaired, which celebrated its 25 anniversary ship of the measuring complex this year, continues its service. 25 years is no time limit for such a ship.

Now much is being done to preserve and enhance what has been saved. No matter how happy the misfortunes and failures of the national space and defense program are, ill-wishers, I believe that we will see both new space expeditions and new ships of the "space fleet" of Russia. There are unique equipment, scientific potential, and stored experience of combat services.

In the end, the first Soviet "space fleet" was created on the initiative of Korolev, by re-equipping dry cargo ships. The main thing is that there is an understanding of the future of the country, as a great power - both a great cosmic and a great sea. The rest depends on our common work.
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  1. Krilion 24 October 2012 06: 42 New
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    +12
    what I “like” in such articles is that they never give the names of those who nearly ruined the country completely ... it feels like the aliens made the whole collapse, and now the living (and already dead) bastards nothing to do with this ... nobody is going to demolish the monuments erected to such scoundrels ... apparently they still did a useful job for someone ...
    1. koksalek 24 October 2012 07: 11 New
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      +4
      I would add that unspecified surnames are simply obliged to be punished and the judiciary should not catch mice and act out on ordinary citizens, of which there are darkness
      1. bask
        bask 24 October 2012 07: 48 New
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        And, the names of those who nearly ruined the country. Are not known ???? The most important thing is that Russia can remain one of the leading space powers? YES or No Something is beginning to be done on this issue, but if we see the results no earlier than 14 years. Yes I agree, the problems have accumulated darkness, they will solve, here’s the question ,,,
        1. sergo0000 24 October 2012 08: 47 New
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          bask,
          Yes, they’ll decide. In a hundred years! Where can I get specialists now? Retrain from lawyers or economists? Who will be responsible for science? Now you won’t even find an intelligent welder with a submarine admission! Unless you urgently accept some kind of brain pumping program back to the homeland.
          1. Armata 24 October 2012 09: 32 New
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            Good day to all.
            Quote: sergo0000
            ! Unless urgently to take some kind of program to pump the brains back to their homeland.
            No need to pump anyone back. You just need to interest smart engineers in working for the state, drag their commercial structures. We have enough talents, only tolans want to eat here and go to work for those who understand their value. For example, Promtechnology LLC employs about 20 engineers (candidates and doctors of science) invented the technology for manufacturing flexible cards, but they are mainly sold abroad. Although before they all worked on the "Vector"
            1. tan0472 24 October 2012 11: 31 New
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              Quote: Mechanic
              they never call the names of those who almost completely destroyed the country ...

              Maybe because those who signed papers to destroy the fleet are now sitting in even more important chairs?
            2. Volozhanin 24 October 2012 12: 20 New
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              +1
              and "Vector" has not yet completely died?
              1. Armata 24 October 2012 12: 25 New
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                Quote: Volozhanin
                and "Vector" has not yet completely died?
                Lives. Mainly at weather stations and equipment for Zoo complexes
        2. nagual
          nagual 24 October 2012 12: 12 New
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          Let me better list the people who saved Marshal Krylov. This is Admiral Georgy Nikolayevich Gurinov, who was in 1993-94 (when they wanted to cut Krylov as well) as commander of the Pacific Fleet. Vladimir Kudymov - the commander of Nedelin, who was then at Dalzavod with partially dismantled equipment - he fought for Gurinov by order 35th brigade in Moscow. In Moscow, the last KIK ship was defended: Sergey Pavlovich Biryukov GURVO training area, Lieutenant General Bolosov - beginning. GURVO, Yuri Tertyshnik directly involved in the testing of technical equipment and other officers of the Strategic Missile Forces, who believed that we still needed new missiles.
          “Patsaeva” now contains in perfect condition the entire crew, led by the commander, Sergei Romanovich Konnov, and the entire engineering group of the ship. And all this is done without regard to funding and without lamentation about the "... polymers." Just as in the 90s they saved Krylov without regard to power and leadership, for their homeland and for the future of their children.

          Honor and Glory to these people!
        3. werewolf 24 October 2012 14: 09 New
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          +1
          Type on the Internet "Reusable spaceships" and you will see a whole bunch of promises by ... year will fly. There were already Clipper, Dandelion, Russia, .... etc. now promise by 2016 ... will fly. On Buran, all the technologies worked out 20 years ago. Sheathing - yes, automatic access to the strip - yes, carrier - yes, locksmith - yes. Everything is there - there is no "tadpole" which decides to weigh everything on the back of some "viburnum" or "aspen" and to launch it already. Have amers "watch" flew! Soon reusable ships will be sold at McDonald's, and we only accept space development programs.
      2. werewolf 24 October 2012 13: 21 New
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        I give a note: "Ivan the Terrible just put on a stake"
  2. Vanek
    Vanek 24 October 2012 07: 56 New
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    Maybe I'm wrong: What we have, we do not store, having lost, weep.
  3. sergo0000 24 October 2012 08: 39 New
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    Vanek,
    Yes, the betrayal is Ivan, the real one! And while these s ... are alive and not punished, nothing sensible will come of it!
  4. Toga
    Toga 24 October 2012 14: 31 New
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    Dear Alexander! I am writing to you with deep gratitude for the article. In recent years, this is the fairest material! This is doubly pleasant to me, since for many years we tried to restore the forgotten fate of 35 BrKIK, to achieve a fair memory. It is more pleasant that you belong to the young generation and I see that our work was not in vain.

    You are the first to publish the names of those who protected Marshal Krylov, but there were many more. Like those who tried to save the Nedelin, this is truly the most tragic history of the modern Navy.

    Only two clarifications, Alexander. First: you mention the song of Andrey Gorovoy and post a photo belonging to the site www.toge.ru. May they not be forgotten.

    Second: the ship will be 25 years old in 2015, and this year - 25 years of launching. This is a big difference. Age counts from raising the flag.
  5. wax
    wax 24 October 2012 14: 54 New
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    Glory to the collectors and custodians of the Russian land! Eternal disgrace to the destroyers of Russia!