Military Review

Ataka-B aviation missile system

The main purpose of the Ataka-V aviation missile system is to defeat modern tanks, BMP, launchers of missiles and anti-tank missiles, long-term firing points such as bunkers and bunkers, low-speed low-flying air targets and enemy manpower located in shelters.

The Ataka-V missile was created on the basis of the 9М114 missile of the Sturm-V missile system using a more powerful engine, allowing to increase the range of the complex, as well as a more powerful warhead, which had a greater armor penetration.

Mi-24V helicopters at the end of the 1990-ies. upgraded to ensure the use of new Igla-B and Ataka-B missiles. The helicopter, equipped with a modernized weapon system, was assigned the designation Mi-24ВМ (the export version was designated Mi-35М).

The composition of the aviation missile complex Ataka-B.

The rocket complex is implemented aerodynamic scheme "duck". The rocket has a semi-automatic guidance system on the radio link. The control equipment is the "Rainbow-III". In order to ensure the possibility of conducting combat operations at night, the design bureau of the Krasnogorsk Mechanical Plant (Zenit) for the Mi-24H developed the Top viewing system with a laser rangefinder, television, optical and thermal channels. The Thor system is also used to target an anti-tank guided missile.

After the helicopter crew makes a decision to launch a rocket, the operator (navigator) combines a fixed tag and a target, and then presses the start button. Thus, the adjusted program guidance is selected. As a result, the laser rangefinder automatically measures the distance to the target. The obtained data is presented on the multifunction display together with the data on the necessary maneuver in order to bring the helicopter to the zone of admissible launch. The pilot leads the helicopter in such a way that the driving mark of the target is in a fixed square. The operator checks that the fixed mark and target are combined, and, if necessary, makes adjustments by manipulating the control levers. [/ center] After the helicopter reaches the zone of allowable launch, the digital computer sends the command "reachable" to the multifunction display. The operator on this command launches the rocket. During the flight of the helicopter, the operator keeps the fixed mark and target on the display combined and, if necessary, aligns the position of the line of sight, manipulating the control levers until the missile hits the target. A helicopter during this process can maneuver with roll up to 30 degrees and a yaw angle up to 110 degrees.

Ataka-B aviation missile system

Three variants of the "Attack" anti-tank guided missile are delivered:
- 9М120 (9М120М, 9М220) with a tandem cumulative warhead, which overcomes dynamic defense and homogeneous tank armor;
- 9M120F having a high-explosive warhead. Designed to destroy unarmored targets. Especially great damage caused by undermining in confined spaces (buildings, bunkers, etc.);
- 9М220О having a fragmentation warhead and designed to defeat aircraft. The rocket is equipped with a proximity fuse that reacts to an air target when flying at a distance of up to 4 meters from it.

The most effective use of guided missiles "attack" at distances 800-4000 meters. In this case, the helicopter is located in the zone of least vulnerability at low altitude. The probability of hitting a tank at a distance of 4 thousand m - 0,65-0,9.

The launch tube is a guide for the rocket, and also serves as a container for its storage and transportation. Start type - from TPK using an expelling charge.

Tactical and technical characteristics of the Atak-V aviation missile system:
Developer - KB Engineering;
Production - Kovrovsky Mechanical Plant, GP "Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant";
for 9М120Ф - high explosive-cumulative;
for 9М120 (9М120М) - tandem cumulative;
for 9М220О - fragmentation;
warhead weight - 7 kg;
Helicopter carrier - Ka-29, Mi-24ВМ, Mi-28А / Н, Mi-35М;
Missile firing range:
- 9М120, 9М220 - from 400 to 6000 m;
- 9М220О - from 400 to 7000 m;
- 9М120М - from 800 to 8000 m;
Average flight speed - 350-400 m / s;
Maximum flight speed - 500 m / s;
Flight time to the maximum range - 14,5 with;
- number of stages - 2;
- length 9М120 in TPK - mm 1830;
- length 9М120 in flight - 2100 mm;
- maximum case diameter - 130 mm;
- wing span - 300 mm;
- Starting weight - 49,5 kg;
- rocket mass in TPK - 79 kg;
- application height - from 0 to 4000 m;
- application temperature - from -50 to 50 degrees C;
- 9М114 - up to 800 mm;
- 9М120 - more than 800 mm for dynamic protection;
- 9М120М - 950 mm;
- helicopter APU8 / 4U;
- beam holder DB-3U;
- 8 rockets.

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  1. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel 19 October 2012 08: 05
    It would be nice if the principle of "let it go and forget it" But the enemy doesn't like being fired upon
    1. grizzlir
      grizzlir 19 October 2012 09: 51
      After the helicopter crew makes a decision to launch the rocket, the operator (navigator) aligns the fixed mark and the target, and then presses the launch button. Thus, the corrected program guidance mode is selected. As a result, the laser rangefinder automatically measures the distance to the target. The received data is presented on the multifunctional display along with data on the required maneuver to bring the helicopter into the permissible launch area. The pilot guides the helicopter so that the moving target mark is in a fixed square. The operator checks that the fixed mark and the target are aligned and, if necessary, makes adjustments by manipulating the control levers. [/ center] After the helicopter reaches the acceptable launch area, the digital computer sends an “reachable” command to the multifunction display. The operator on this command launches the rocket.
      True, when a tank is irradiated with a laser, a system like our Curtain
      The Shtora-1 complex consists of two independent systems: a remote system for setting up aerosol formation, designed to overlap the fields of view (instrumental and visual) guidance systems using laser illumination, and an optoelectronic countermeasure station TShU 1-7, designed to organize false signals in the control loop of anti-tank shells with semi-automatic command guidance systems.

      The Shtora-1 complex provides: jamming in the form of modulated infrared radiation affecting the semi-automatic missile control system; automatic shooting of an aerosol-forming grenade in the direction of the laser illumination source and overlapping this direction with an aerosol curtain, determining the direction to the laser illumination source and issuing a command to turn the tank turret in the indicated direction, light and sound alarms when the tank is irradiated with laser targeting devices and rangefinders, setting in front of the tank of the masking aerosol curtain.
  2. UzRus
    UzRus 19 October 2012 09: 58
    What is it, while the rocket is flying, the helicopter is hanging above the ground and "shoot - I don't want to" at it? He's almost in full view!
    1. borisst64
      borisst64 19 October 2012 13: 06
      Have you ever watched from a tank? And you think that at a distance of 4 km you can see the whole district at a glance?
      1. UzRus
        UzRus 19 October 2012 17: 41
        Here you are right - I did not serve in the tank troops. And I wrote NEARLY at a glance, realizing that not everything can be so clearly seen, depending on the terrain. And observe the helicopter and shoot at it optionally from the tank. There are other means of destruction for this, for example, SAM, which will probably detect the turntable at the moment when it hangs and the operator sight the missile at the target. Or am I wrong?
        1. Pashhenko Nikolay
          Pashhenko Nikolay 19 October 2012 19: 33
          With a good air defense system, of course it is. Unfortunately, in Iraq there was no good air defense system, and the PRURs did their job to the fullest. Let's just say an effective thing, don't say that.
  3. mamba
    mamba 20 October 2012 00: 11
    It can be added that for the 9M120 rocket and its modifications 9M120M, 9M120F, fuses are a contact and non-contact laser fired at a range of (2,5 ÷ 3,0) m. Miniature semiconductor lasers of the IR range and pulsed mode are used in laser fuses.
  4. Director
    Director 23 October 2012 15: 06
    Old and reliable system. without bad electronic habits.