Military Review

The complex of controlled tank weapons 9K116-1 Bastion

2
The complex of controlled tank weapons 9K116-1 Bastion
Modernized KBTM T-55


In 1981, the Soviet Union adopted the 9K116 "Kastet" complex with a 100-millimeter missile guided by a laser beam fired from the T-12 anti-tank gun. The complex was developed under the guidance of A.G. Shipunova in Tula KBP.

Even before the development of the Kastet complex was completed, they decided to launch the development of guided weapons systems for the T-54/55/62, unified with it. Almost simultaneously, the development of two complexes was carried out: 9K116-1 "Bastion" - designed for tanks T-54/55 with 100-mm rifled guns D-10T and 9K116-2 "Sheksna" - compatible with 115-mm smooth-bore guns U-5TS for T-62 tanks. The 9M117 missile was borrowed unchanged from the Kastet complex, while the Sheksna equipped it with support belts to ensure stable movement along the barrel of a caliber of 115 millimeters. The changes mainly affected the shell with a propelling charge, which was redesigned for the chambers of these guns.

As a result, in a short period of time, at insignificant costs, conditions were created for the modernization of third-generation tanks, which provided a multiple increase in combat effectiveness, and also substantially equalized the firing capabilities of the upgraded models of tanks - T-55М / МВ / АМ / АМВ / АД, Т- 62M / MW at significant distances with the fourth generation machines.

The development of tank complexes completed in 1983.

In the future, the Sheksna and Bastion complexes served as the basis for the development of the Fable 9К116-3, the BMP-3 guided weapons complex. The AK "Tulamashzavod" has now mastered the serial production of the upgraded 9М117М rocket, which has a tandem cumulative warhead capable of penetrating jet armor of both modern and prospective tanks.

In the west, the complex was given the designation AT-10 "Sabber".

The composition of the complex 9K116-1 Bastion:
The 9K116 guided tank armament complex consists of the following elements:
- shot ZUBK10-1 with a guided missile 9М117;
- control equipment "Wave";
- sight-guidance device 1K13-1 (day channel - 8-fold increase, night - 5,5);
- voltage converter 9C831.

Guided shot ZUBK10-1 on the external contours is close to high-explosive fragmentation ZUFO37 and ZUOF10 - unmanaged analogs of the shot. The structure of the UTS10-1 includes a rocket and a sleeve. The sleeve is made of steel and has a screw bottom equipped with a detonator. Inside the liner there is a propellant charge, which tells the rocket an initial speed from 400 to 500 meters per second, a centering ring, trellis shell, and an inert gas reservoir that provides after-shot purging and removal of charge combustion products.

Shot ZUBK10 is a unitary loading ammunition, which makes it possible to use it in automated ammunition. All rocket launch operations are carried out automatically.

The rocket was carried out according to the "duck" scheme. Ahead was a cumulative warhead 9H136М, aerodynamic rudders, deployed backwards on the flight and air-dynamic steering gear of a closed circuit, having a front air intake. To reduce the size of the solid engine had a front arrangement of two oblique nozzles. The tail part was used to accommodate the main units of the onboard guidance system equipment using laser radiation. The wings, opened with the help of a special device, are placed at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the rocket and provide rotation during flight. Guidance missiles - a laser beam, semi-automatic.

Tank automated fire control system "Wave" was developed on the basis of the equipment "Kastet". Differs minimal weight and volume (47 l) additionally installed blocks. The guidance system provides high accuracy of damage and is well protected from various interferences.

Performance characteristics:
Year of development - 1983;
Firing range - from 100 to 4000 m;
Rocket flight speed - 370 m / s;
The flight time of the rocket to the maximum range - 13 with;
The mass of the rocket 9М117 - 17.6 kg;
Caliber - 100 mm;
Length - 1048 mm;
Scope of stabilizers - mm 255;
Penetration - 550-600 mm;
The probability of destruction at the maximum range of a target such as a tank is 0,8;
The range of temperatures for combat use is from -40 to + 50 ° С.
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  1. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn 16 October 2012 11: 04
    -4
    Tankers 133 guards. In the period from January 9 to January 11, the Kobra KVV was used for the first time in city battles, out of 5 guided missiles fired, only 2 hit the target. In the future, tankers did not use guided missiles, preference was given to high-explosive fragmentation and armor-piercing-submunition shells. The latter are able to break through the five-story block house from the end to the fourth entrance. The number and placement of ammunition in the ammunition depot crews varied independently.

    Quite effectively, I would tear my head off for such crafts. Or to do what would be normal or what for to throw such rubbish!
  2. Bugor
    Bugor 16 October 2012 17: 05
    +2
    But minus you. If our deer try to achieve something with cumulative projectiles (missiles), this is wrong. No need to flash the house from the entrance to the entrance. What is the outcome of such a shot? ZERO. Do you know what OBPS? It's about ... scrap that is flying out of the trunk. It makes no sense to him as against infantry. But OFS is the sweetest thing.
    You confuse anti-personnel weapons with anti-personnel weapons.
  3. Prohor
    Prohor 16 October 2012 19: 21
    +3
    In general, I can hardly imagine how and why it is possible to use a guided missile from a tank in a city? request
    There, a kilometer and a half distance is difficult to find, and at such distances a tank gun is no less accurate than a sniper rifle.