Every year, on Victory Day, another psychic attack on the people of Russia is timed. And, what is remarkable - the special zeal in it is shown by characters who identify themselves as patriots. Western russophobes nervously smoking in aside!
Especially, these "patriots" are trying to outdo each other in terms of the losses of the Red Army and among the civilian population; they, for some reason, think that the bigger the loss figures they call, the better. It is better? But for whom is it better? Solzhenitsyn and V. Astafyev are among the “authoritative” sources whose numbers they operate in (both are participants in hostilities and, therefore, are indisputable authorities in this area)
The farther from the times of the Great Patriotic War, the greater the numbers of the total losses of the USSR are called! 20 million ... 28 million ... 37 million ... again 28 million ... Why so much growth? Can every political leader exaggerate losses in order to squeeze a tear of pity from the West? To soften his elites "this is how we suffered for the whole world, and you, nasty, do not accept us into your club of the elect! Are you questioning the legality of our bank accounts ..."?
Take the chassis number now - 28 of millions, what is it whispering to the subconscious of people hearing it? And she whispers about that, since Germany lost only a little more than 7 million people, and we 28 million then, it means that the Russians are very, very bad warriors, and not only bad, but also stupid, since they allowed themselves to be destroyed. So, Russians should not be afraid! And the Russian person has little thoughts "and in our FIG wins, obtained by such a bloody price!"
Fresh, posthumously, the winner of the Solzhenitsyn Prize V. Astafyev claimed (and now claims through the mouth of others) to kill one German. The Red Army was losing 7-10 people killed. Is it that in order to instill fear of supermen (Germans, sometime French, now Americans)?
And this is possible because the overwhelming majority of information consumers do not have the beginnings of critical thinking, or do not wish to strain themselves to be skeptical about checking the information reported by them (calories, cholesterol have learned to count, but here ...)
Let's look at the available sources of information on this issue:
We first note that people automatically imagine numbers: Germany, the population is 80 million, the USSR is about 200 million (for some reason, a very strange figure - 1937 data of the year gave 162 million); it means that at the disposal of the USSR there were incomparably more human resources and the Germans "drowned in Russian blood" And the brain of the information consumer refuses to summarize the following figures:
Germany - 80 million
Italy - 40 million
Finland -3 million
Bosnia (Muslims) ...
And these are only the formal allies of Germany! And there were also the French of Alsace and Lorraine (170 thousand, of which killed - 50 thousand), mobilized Silesian Poles (remember the film "three tankers, Georgians ...), Czechs ... At least, in human resources - was parity! Plus, the developed transport communications of Europe allowed the opponents of the USSR to beat the Red Army in terms of mobility (in the first periods of the war)
Now, actually about the numbers ...
And again, no preliminary comments! When calculating the German losses, there are a number of nuances, such as:
it is difficult to understand what Germany is talking about - in some data, Germany is taken into account within the boundaries of 37 of the year, in other 39 of the year.
And most often, when accounting for losses, in order to downplay them, it is assumed Germany within the boundaries of 37 of the year. In such calculations, the 270000 of the Austrian Germans and the 200000 of the Sudeten Germans fall completely in another column. As we can see, almost half a million dead in the fighting, the Germans are on the "balance" of other countries.
"Of the 3777290 Germans caught in Soviet captivity, 85,1% returned home, died in captivity - 14,9%.
All in all, our troops captured 4337,3 thousand German soldiers, of whom about 600000 people, after appropriate verification, were released directly on the fronts. In the bulk, these were persons of non-German nationality who were forcefully drafted into the Wehrmacht and the armies of its allies (Poles, Czechs, Slovaks, Romanians, Slovenes, Bulgarians, Moldovans, Volksdeutsche, etc.)
Of the 4559, thousands of Soviet soldiers captured only about 40% returned home, and 55% died in captivity and only a small group (more than 180 thousand) emigrated to other countries.
In assessing German losses, only losses of the Wehrmacht and the SS troops were taken into account. In addition, due to the lack of reliable, the losses of the military field police, security service agencies (SD) and the military administration in the occupied territories (about 600 thousand people), Gestapo men who were not part of the SS forces (250 thousand people) were not included, security and punitive divisions - legions, battalions, companies (about 200 thousand people) ...
... According to General Halder, the percentage of irretrievable loss of life (killed, missing) of military formations and contingents that were not part of the Wehrmacht was very high, and reached 40% of their total number "
Russia and USSR wars 20 century. Statistical research.
"For example, in one of the heroic Stalingrad hospitals for 45 work days, from July 1 to August 15 1942, out of the 13,6 thou., All injured people received during this time, that is, 262% ...
... the percentage of mortality among the wounded soldiers of the Wehrmacht was 10% ...
... the percentage of mortality in the US Army was - 2,9%
Canada - 6,7%
Australia - 4,6%
New Zealand - 7,5% "
History combat losses. B.T. Urlanis
Losses among Vlasovites, Bandera, policemen, other groups of traitors, forest brothers of various spills, etc. were credited to the "balance" of losses in Soviet Russia.
And all this must be taken into account in determining the losses of the Red Army and civilian casualties!
Western analysts never came to an unambiguous assessment of combat losses in the Second World War,
"The Statistical Bulletin" in the January issue of 1946 a year, the number of dead and dead for the entire period of the Second World War is determined by 9,5 million people. Other calculations give higher figures of losses. For example, the weekly 'We Were published in Bern (Switzerland) “I published 1946 in January, the results of losses in the Second World War, according to which 14450 killed thousands of people at the front, i.e., 50% more than the figure of the“ Statistical Bulletin. ”The same figure was given by O. Grotewohl in March 1946 of the year The statistical journal of the GDR states that In World War 13 million soldiers and officers died. Regardless of which of the figures given is correct, there is no doubt that the losses in World War II far exceeded those in World War I
History of war casualties. B. Ts. Urlanis. (P. 240-241)
We take as a basis the figure in 14450 thousand people, round up to 15 millions, and we note that this is a battle loss. What remains to be done to an inquisitive person? To subtract the losses of Germany (we are taught that the Germans were very, very pedantically counting their losses). And the fact that our trackers are finding the remains of hundreds of thousands of German soldiers in the marshes of North-West Russia - it does not count !:
"... a secret archive of German military losses was discovered for the period from September 1 1939 to November 30 1944 of the year. According to this archive, German losses were (in thousands):
Army - 1709,7 killed, missing - 1540,8
Navy - dead 51,8, missing - 32.2
Aviation - 149,6; missing - 141,0
Total - killed 1911,3, missing - 1713,0
Total - 3624,3
Since all the "missing" in essence represent the same article of losses as the dead, the total number of dead German soldiers and officers, even according to official data, was 3,6 million. If we add more losses for December 1944 and January - May 1945, then the total number of dead soldiers of the Wehrmacht will be - about 4 million people "
History of combat losses. B. Ts. Urlanis. (p. 207-208)
However, some experts estimate the losses of the German army at 8,4 million (someone estimates the losses at 7 million). We agree with the ancient wisdom of "the truth is in the middle," and we get a figure in 6,2 million. We will subtract this figure from 15 million, as a result we will get the number of losses of other participants of the Second World War - about 8-9 million people. What kind of "Astafyev" numbers in 7-10 of the Red Army laid for the sake of one Yubermensch-German can we talk about?
The following facts should be taken into account: the irretrievable losses of the countries of Germany’s formal allies amounted to
Hungary - 809066 people
Italy - 92867 ...
Romania - 475070 ...
Finland - 84377 ...
Slovakia - 6765 ...
To more fully understand the need to decide on the losses of the Red Army:
"... the demographic losses of the Armed Forces of the USSR (killed, died of wounds and illness, died as a result of accidents, shot by conviction of military tribunals, did not return from captivity) amounted to 8 668 400 people on the list ...
... Demographic losses of servicemen from Russian citizens amounted to 6 537,1 thousand people or 71,3% of the total demographic losses of the Armed Forces of the USSR ... of which Russians made 5,756,0 thousand people or 66,402% of the total number of losses "
Russia and the USSR in the wars of the 20 century. Statistical research, (p. 236)
The losses of the USSR and Russia are enormous, but not so inferior to the losses of the enemy as they try to beat us!
Let's turn to other numbers:
The distance from the borders from which the aggression began, to Moscow is 670 kilometers. Napoleonic Euroarmada covered this distance in 83 of the day. The Germans overcame the same distance - 166 days.
The German press reported that the capture of Norway cost them only 1317 people killed, the seizure of Greece - 1484 people, Poland - 10572 people. In total, for the first year of the world war, Germany’s military losses amounted to 39 thousand people killed, 143 thousand wounded and 24 thousand missing. And just before the attack on Soviet Russia, for the period 1 of the year and 10 months of world war, according to official figures, the loss amounted to almost 300 thousand people (killed, wounded and missing)
But now, in the fall of 1941, the number of personnel reached 60-70 people, according to German generals in the army of the Center Center, in most infantry companies, and in the majority of cases, the number of personnel in the company dropped to 40 "
Agree, such figures do not speak about the panic flight of the Red Army in that distant 41 year.
And in the battles for Moscow from 6 December to 27 December 41, the German army lost only thousands of soldiers and officers killed around 120. For comparison: during the strategic offensive operation from 5 December 1941 of the year to 7 in January of 1942 of the year, in the battle for Moscow, the irrecoverable losses of the Red Army were (killed, wounded and missing) about 140 thousand people.
With the stampede of the Red Army, the German army could not suffer such losses. There was a retreat, accompanied by heavy, bloody battles, but not a stampede, in which we diligently convince.
And already in the battle for Stalingrad, which is divided into two periods: the defensive and offensive phase - the total irretrievable (killed, wounded and missing) of the Red Army amounted to about 480 thousand people, the irrevocable losses of the German army, as well as its allies - over 800 Thousands of people.
During the period from July 5 to November 5, 1943 of the year, the Red Army defeated enemy divisions 144. As a result of this defeat, the Germans lost up to 900 thousand. Only killed.
Allowing even that, the losses of the Red Army amounted to 10 million people; then after deducting this figure, from the 28 of the millions now adopted - 18 of the millions will amount to civilian casualties. Project these victims mainly on the territory of Ukraine and Belarus and imagine what demographic situation should have been, with such losses, in these territories. Definitely, Belarus as such could not be now!
Representatives of all peoples of the USSR served in the Red Army, and therefore every nation of the USSR had its share in the losses of the Red Army. But here 18 of millions of losses among the civilian population is mainly distributed among the population of Belarus, Ukraine and Russia!
And for the curious:
The population of France in 1939 was about 42 million people, the population of modern France is about 60 million.
The population of Italy in 1939 is about 44 million people, modern Italy is about 60 million.
(I chose these two states-people, because they have recently demonstrated a high birth rate)
The population of Russia in 1937 was about 100 million (all Russians in the USSR are about 100 million people), the population of modern Russia is about 145 million people (Russians in 1989 year - about 145 million)
You can trust the figures announced after the war by Stalin: 12-14 million people (does this figure reduce the merits of our grandfathers and great-grandfathers?).
A colossal, unprecedented sacrifice, but in no way a sacrifice of sheep, submissively putting their throats under the knife. And most likely, for Soviet Russia, this was the most optimal way out of this situation. After all, in the case of a preventive strike by the Red Army on the German troops, the entire Western army was ready to rush into Soviet Russia! Similar plans by the West were considered in the period before and during the Soviet-Finnish war. And the mistakes of the command and leadership, which are constantly being blown away, were not as critical as they were rubbing us! And if anyone can be blamed for the heavy sacrifices suffered by Soviet Russia in the first period of the war, then this is the West! After all, it is his readiness to rush to Russia and this will catastrophically worsen the situation for Russia, hampered Russia's capabilities.
It can be assumed that, despite the fact that England and France (this country is a separate song in general: the losses of France after the opening of the second front amounted to 14 thousand people, the losses of the “Fighting France” from the moment of surrender to the Allied invasion amounted to - 11 thousand killed and those who died of injuries. Compare with the numbers of the dead French citizens who fought on the German side - at least 70 thousand) were at war with Germany, somewhere at some level there could be a secret agreement on joint actions against our country. This is indicated by the strange visit of Rudolf Hess to the UK and even more bizarre detention (there was a personal prison for him). This is also indicated by the delay in the opening of the second front, but even more is indicated by the terrible bombardments of the cities of Germany after the Battle of Stalingrad; thus, the criminals put out their rage and cruelty on the faces that did not meet their expectations. This is of course another topic.
Soviet Union Produced 97% weapons and military equipment used by the Red Army. I found this information in one of the declassified documents of the US Army at Fort Bragg, North Carolina, in 1956. The information about the weapons produced by the Russians is as follows:
100% of their own artillery (superior heavy artillery). By the middle of 1943, the Red Army had a five-fold superiority in artillery compared to the German army, in the middle of 1944 - tenfold, in 1945 - thirty-fold.
100% small arms. The now well-known AK-47 began to produce in 1947.
99% tanks (The Soviet T-34 was recognized as the best tank of the Second World War). Soviet tank production rose to 29000 units in 1944. The United States produced only 17500 in the same year. German military industry peaked in 1944 despite massive bombardments by the Americans and the British.
93% aircraft -82% military cargo transport
The best descriptions of the Russian soldier left by German soldiers, generals, British generals and Russian Jews, who was a correspondent during the war. Vasily Grossman wrote:
“I was amazed to the depth of my soul by the inherent ability of Russian soldiers to sacrifice themselves. In war, a Russian soldier puts on a white shirt and dies like a saint. In the first place is patience and humility in front of unthinkable. But this is the patience of the strong in spirit .. This is the patience of the great army. The greatness of the Russian soul is amazing. ”
A German soldier at Stalingrad wrote that Russians are not people, but rather creatures made of cast iron. In his book, Willy Riis writes about the attitudes of the Germans who visited the Eastern Front. He noted that German veterans openly admired Russian soldiers, which was rarely the case with their Western opponents.
One of the German veterans successfully described the war in the West as a "good sport", while the war in the East was a complete disaster. A high-ranking German staff officer after the war wrote about the merits of the enemy: the strength of the Red Army in its soldiers. The Russian soldier is patient and incredibly enduring, infinitely brave and fearless. The peculiarity of the Russians is their pronounced contempt for life and death, which is completely incomprehensible for a person in the West.
British General Giffard Martel spoke of the following about the Russian soldier: their bravery on the battlefield is beyond doubt, but their more prominent feature is incredible strength and endurance.
The last title of Hero of the Soviet Union was received by a Russian soldier in the final days of the Battle of Berlin. He heroically saved a German woman and her four-year-old daughter. However, he was mortally wounded and died a few days later. When he was asked who to report his exploits to, he replied that no one, his whole family had died during the war. This is the highest manifestation of heroism.
The battles fought by the Russians saved the lives of millions of Americans. How did the Russians win?
Their soldiers were better.
They had better weapons and more of them.
Their generals were better.
German generals came from aristocratic families.
The British generals were from gentry.
Russian generals were from peasants.