Military Review

Laid the keel of the first Soviet-era icebreaker with a capacity of 25 megawatts

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Laid the keel of the first Soviet-era icebreaker with a capacity of 25 megawattsOn Wednesday, Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev took part in the laying ceremony of the keel of the diesel-electric icebreaker LC-25 (Icebreaker 8 with 25 MW capacity) at the Baltic Shipyard in St. Petersburg (part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation). The vessel should be built in five years and replace the old icebreakers of the Finnish construction 70 – 80-s of the last century.


Earlier, two Moscow and St. Petersburg icebreakers had already been laid at this plant, but of a medium type. Laid today, the icebreaker is larger and more powerful: 25 MW vs 16 MW.

“This is the first large icebreaker that Russia itself laid in this century. This is a landmark event. The icebreaker, which was laid down in the Baltic factory in the summer, does not count, because its will build together with the Finns, ”says press secretary of the United Shipbuilding Corporation Alexey Kravchenko to the VIEW newspaper. This refers to a skew icebreaker of an innovative project with a capacity of 7,5 MW, which was laid in July at the Baltic Shipyard near Kaliningrad.

As for the purely Russian icebreaker LK-25, it is intended both for self-guided ships and for operation as an auxiliary vessel as part of complex caravans along the Northern Sea Route. In many ways, the icebreaker is significantly different from the ships of the previous generation.

For the first time in world practice, a combined propulsion system was used, which ensures steady handling and maneuverability both in clean water and in severe ice conditions.

For the first time on ships of this class it is planned to install a cargo crane with a lifting capacity of up to 150 tons to perform underwater technical works in the areas of drilling and oil platforms and in the areas of laying underwater pipelines.

“LC-25 is a two-pack icebreaker. It will operate as a linear icebreaker for pilotage with full ballast. When he drops the ballast, his draft will decrease to about 8 meters, he will be able to work in the mouths of our northern rivers, ensuring the northern delivery, will be able to pierce ice in the right places near the ports, conducting caravans. One such icebreaker will replace two icebreakers - a small-sized and full-fledged linear icebreaker, ”says Alexey Kravchenko.

This new icebreaker can be named in honor of Viktor Chernomyrdin. Rosmorrechflot has already sent such a proposal to the relevant authorities.

Medvedev called the construction of a new icebreaker a gift the fleet and the staff of the enterprise. “We need to revive shipbuilding, the honor and glory of the fleet,” the head of government emphasized. The prime minister also counts on the speedy implementation of other orders for the Baltic Shipyard, which, according to him, “the company will have.”

"Academician Trёshnikov"

On Wednesday, the Prime Minister also attended the ceremony of commissioning the scientific expedition ship Akademik Treshnikov. The flag on the ship, to the sounds of the national anthem of Russia, was raised by the captain of the “Academician Trёshnikov” Sergey Lukyanov. December 21 This ship will go to the 58 Russian Antarctic Expedition.

This is the first research vessel in the last 20 years, which was built at the Admiralty shipyards by order of the Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring of Russia (Roshydromet).

New icebreakers

In the United Construction Corporation today do not complain about the lack of orders for icebreakers. “Today, an icebreaker was laid on the 25 MW, soon, at least one more such icebreaker will most likely be laid. A week later, an icebreaker of a lighter class will be laid at the Vyborg Shipyard. It will be the Uk-16 icebreaker with an almost 18 MW capacity for operation in the Baltic and servicing in the port area. Three such icebreakers are planned to be built, ”says Alexey Kravchenko.

“We also plan to win the announced tender for the construction of two icebreakers for 7 MW and one icebreaker for 4 MW. They are needed for smaller ports and the southern seas, ”said Kravchenko. In addition, USC builds icebreaking or ice-class vessels. “These are supply vessels that provide raw materials, equipment and materials for equipment that operates on the shelf. No one in the world of such technology, except us, does not build, ”sums up the interlocutor of the newspaper VIEW.

As for plans to build the world's largest and most powerful nuclear-powered icebreaker at the Baltiysky Plant, this is an icebreaker LC-60 of the 22220 project with a capacity of 60 MW. On the icebreaker there will be a two-reactor power plant with the main source of steam from the RITM-200 reactor unit with a capacity of 175 MW. The ship's customers are Rosatom and FSUE Atomflot. Its construction is estimated at 37 billion rubles.

The laying of the icebreaker is scheduled for November 2013 of the year, the launching for November of 2015 of the year, and it should come to the 30 of December of 2017 of the year to the pier in Murmansk.

The two-draft design of the vessel allows using it both in the Arctic waters and in the estuaries of the polar rivers. The icebreaker will operate in the western region of the Arctic: in the Barents, Pechora and Kara seas, as well as in the shallower parts of the mouth of the Yenisei and in the Ob Bay area.

“An atomic icebreaker is needed to work in the most severe conditions. When the ice begins more than two meters, diesel-electric icebreakers pass, it is necessary to apply even more severe equipment. In addition, nuclear-powered icebreakers can travel longer distances and longer expeditions. He can go as long as necessary, completing the assigned tasks, and as long as necessary, ”Kravchenko said.

World leader

Russia, he said, remains the world leader in the construction of icebreakers. “Historically, shipping is under the most unfavorable conditions, so no one needs to teach us on icebreakers, we teach the whole world. In the Krylov Research Institute, the whole world goes to calculate the ice characteristics of ships. Despite the fact that they themselves have, as a rule, more powerful computers, more modern design bureaus and steeper shipyards, more serious scientific capabilities. But on ice issues and shipping in ice conditions, Russia remains a trendsetter, ”says Kravchenko.

“Only Russia today has a school for the construction of an atomic icebreaker. Only Russia owns a school for the construction of electric icebreakers to work in heavy ice. The Russian type of icebreaker is considered to be the most serious apparatus for overcoming the ice in the most severe climatic conditions, ”the source adds.

The future of civil shipbuilding

“The industry has ambitious goals to achieve new successes in shipbuilding. It is a question of both product quality and productivity, and technology. This is very difficult, but we have no other way, ”Medvedev said on Wednesday.

According to him, the potential has not been wasted, it is in our power to save it. To do this, special attention should be paid to training and the use of modern technologies. In particular, ships must be designed in digital format. “Only in this case our shipbuilding has a future. I hope that this will happen, ”Medvedev said.

According to the Ministry of Industry and Trade, for almost 20 years, the state policy in the shipbuilding industry was limited only to the support of military shipbuilding. However, in 2006 – 2008, the situation began to change for the better when the Shipbuilding Industry Development Strategy for the period up to 2020 and for the future and the Federal Program “Development of Civilian Marine Technology” for the 2009 – 2016 years were developed and approved.

Russia decided to focus on creating high-tech, unique and small-scale craft for a specific customer with a high added value. The state began to regulate the priorities in the development of civil shipbuilding and form orders for the construction of such vessels.

One of the main niches for Russian shipbuilding in the coming and more distant years is the creation of technical means for developing the richest hydrocarbon deposits on the continental shelf of the freezing seas of the Arctic and the Far East. Therefore, it is necessary to create ships and floating equipment for the development and development of deposits, as well as vessels for the transport support of the Arctic region.

“If in the world today there is a decline in shipbuilding orders, many are sitting on starvation, are ruining, then we have the opposite. For example, in China, where 2008 thousand shipyards appeared in 2010 – 2,5 years, a third of them went bankrupt. Whereas almost all enterprises that belong to USC (around 100) have orders for several years to come. We do not even have enough people to fulfill all the orders that are, and then they will obviously be more. Therefore, we are now engaged in attracting personnel, ”- said the representative of USC.

However, the USC does not hide that far from all directions the situation is straightened. For example, in the construction of tankers Russia seriously lags behind its competitors.

“We simply cannot build empty giant troughs in 250 – 300 thousand tons just as cheap as South Korea and China, where the average temperature is + 12. In Russia, the climatic conditions are unfavorable, therefore our enterprises simply cannot work for half a year - the hands of workers freeze. To avoid this, it is necessary to build a tanker in a room the size of 12 football fields. But the heating of such a premise seriously increases the cost of the tanker being built. Therefore, in this niche we are not going to compete with them, ”said Kravchenko.

In addition, Russia needs to develop its own power systems in shipbuilding. “We are learning to build economical and modern engines. We do not hesitate to learn, we attract partners in order to draw from them the technologies that we can then develop on our territory, ”Kravchenko notes.
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  1. andrei332809
    andrei332809 12 October 2012 08: 12 New
    -5
    Well, okay. Let them build, good luck. it’s only with our management whether they can cope with 5 years. now the bickering will begin between the allies and production will begin
    1. Armata
      Armata 12 October 2012 08: 31 New
      +4
      Quote: andrei332809
      now the bickering will begin between the allies and production will begin
      Greetings. Production will not rise, because the budget must be mastered. But the bickering has already begun. They sent commerce there and now they will place an order based on a tender. Now everyone starts a marathon on the delivery price, and what do you think will affect the quality?
    2. 11Goor11
      11Goor11 12 October 2012 13: 14 New
      +2
      andrei332809
      But they will only cope with our guidelines in 5 years. now the bickering will begin between the allies and production will begin

      Is it your faint echoes that "fucked up all the polymers"?
      Even when events are developing successfully, you need to blurt out something like that at the "government".
      They manage so successfully ... and you will answer "No !!! It's not thanks to them, but in spite of !!!"
      So you, like Baba Yaga, are always against it?
  2. crazyrom
    12 October 2012 08: 21 New
    +1
    Well done, build cuts of all sizes and grades, and most importantly, some are already adapted to participate in oil production!
  3. mongoose
    mongoose 12 October 2012 08: 23 New
    +7
    Congratulations to our shipbuilders! Design Engineers! A good icebreaker will work!
    ps and don’t pay attention to alarmists, they will be worn out by the fact that their time is running out, gnawing at the glass with bloody gums, from powerlessness, no one is being bullied with class theory, and they are generally afraid that they will soon be pursued like mad dogs, for propaganda of the genocide of the Russian people
  4. Imperial
    Imperial 12 October 2012 08: 24 New
    +6
    In light of the future bickering over the Arctic, we really need icebreakers. But why call a good ship, black-chrome?
    1. Captain Vrungel
      Captain Vrungel 12 October 2012 10: 44 New
      +1
      It is advisable for Russia and Ukraine to agree on the construction of a joint icebreaker for the Sea of ​​Azov. River icebreakers are somewhat weak and a little narrow for wiring. In winter, a landfill of vessels jammed, jammed from the Kerch Strait to the Don. Need a small-seated medium power icebreaker. In winter, it works as intended, in the summer on sea tows.
      1. CARBON
        CARBON 14 October 2012 17: 34 New
        0
        It will be by the way, and it’s kind of a puddle-puddle, but it freezes on the very parapets of boarding houses.
  5. Trofimov174
    Trofimov174 12 October 2012 08: 26 New
    +2
    Russian strategy:
    1. Build icebreakers.
    2. We dig oil fields in the Arctic.
    3. The oligarchs are buying up the entire territory of England.
    4. Moscow rents Canada and Alaska.
    5. ???
    6. World domination.
    1. mongoose
      mongoose 12 October 2012 08: 34 New
      +1
      laughing and why, coolly, and you don’t need any world evolution
    2. GG2012
      GG2012 12 October 2012 10: 54 New
      -2
      Quote: Trofimov174

      Russian strategy:
      1. Build icebreakers.
      2. We dig oil fields in the Arctic.
      3. The oligarchs are buying up the entire territory of England.
      4. Moscow rents Canada and Alaska.
      5. ???
      6. World domination.

      7. We are building a global network "BlinnyHouse" and replacing "McDonald's".
      8. We open the planetary network "SemkiHaus" and put the whole world on gnawing seeds.
      9. For the proceeds from the sale of pancakes and seeds around the world, we redeem Alaska and Canada.
      And play the Indians ...
  6. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 12 October 2012 08: 43 New
    +6
    Entirely I join the Imperial - the good ship will not be called the Black Yard. And a very good icebreaker was laid so it is not necessary ... Do we have enough polar explorers?
    1. mongoose
      mongoose 12 October 2012 09: 33 New
      -2
      in general, he did a lot for the country, at least by that. that did not allow to grab Gazprom
      1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
        Andrei from Chelyabinsk 12 October 2012 10: 05 New
        +6
        Did you do much?
        In 1992, he replaced the Gaidar government. The wild 90s are still hiccuping. Even the phrase "we wanted the best - it turned out as always" does not fit. It turned out as bad as never before. As a result, he brought the country to default and fled his post in 1998, substituting Kiriyenko for the default.
        The mission of negotiating with Shamil Basayev in June 1995, when a group of Chechen militants headed by him captured a hospital in Budennovsk, was worthlessly executed by Chernomyrdin.
        In April, Chernomyrdin was appointed 1999 Special Representative of the President to resolve the situation around Yugoslavia. The Kosovo mission was completely failed by Russia, Russia lost its last ally in the Balkans
        Stop or continue?
  7. dimon-media
    dimon-media 12 October 2012 08: 47 New
    +1
    Che say .. positively. The icebreaking fleet is for us as air is needed. Almost all the seas washing our country freeze in the winter. Correctly, the author said, we do not have South Korea, it is for them that icebreakers need a fifth leg like a dog. Pindosy right now zerosyut. They sleep and see the Arctic in their sphere of influence.)) Well .. will be their own carriers there to crack ice))))))
  8. Trailer
    Trailer 12 October 2012 09: 13 New
    0
    Just yesterday, I argued with an English teacher that Russia doesn’t have its own ice-breaker ... we celebrate a birthday with a colleague, Hennessy and Kazakhstan cognac rule, everyone with Friday, and Glory to the Russian ice drifts!
    1. andrei332809
      andrei332809 12 October 2012 09: 20 New
      0
      Quote: Karavan
      Kazakhstan cognac rule,

      Yes, Kazakhstani with five stars is very tasty. but a small claim- sugar could have been smaller
      1. Trailer
        Trailer 12 October 2012 09: 42 New
        0
        But Hennessy's infection is mild. But the former passion, from Russia, complained that they did not like our Konin! Like, parents got into trouble! Question - the body did not perceive the original against the background of suragate, or vice versa?
        1. Armata
          Armata 12 October 2012 09: 46 New
          +1
          Quote: Karavan
          Question - the body did not perceive the original against the background of suragate, or vice versa?
          There are no good cognacs left in Russia. Personally, I prefer the confectionery (the acquaintance familiar with the forwarder works in a candy factory), but in general I drank Kazakhstani, such brandy. Azerbaijani and Armenian almost never find the real. And I don’t say anything about Genesi at all in my opinion.
          1. Trailer
            Trailer 12 October 2012 09: 48 New
            0
            And here is a colleague, I would argue! From our head for several days, and their - soft-soft! Although, as a patriot, I will notice - Kazakhstan is driving)
            1. Armata
              Armata 12 October 2012 09: 51 New
              +1
              Quote: Karavan
              And here is a colleague, I would argue! From our head for several days, and their - soft-soft!
              So cognac is not whipped like samagon. laughing After my father’s head, in the morning my head is clear, clear and ringing from such enlightenment in her. laughing Today is Friday, I am already looking forward to a hot bath and moonshine in the evening.
              1. Trailer
                Trailer 12 October 2012 10: 07 New
                +1
                I want a bath and cognac, but, I'm afraid, despite my age, my heart will not pull! And yet, whose brandy is the best? Well, except for Kazakhstan)
                1. Armata
                  Armata 12 October 2012 10: 14 New
                  +2
                  Confectionery. He is the most. Thick as a syrup with excellent aroma and taste. They carry him from Kizlyar.
                  1. Trailer
                    Trailer 12 October 2012 10: 20 New
                    +1
                    So as not to deviate from the topic - Glory to the Russian icebreakers! But in essence - how do you feel about Hennessy? Have you tried it? This is the premiere for me!
                    1. Armata
                      Armata 12 October 2012 10: 27 New
                      0
                      Quote: Karavan
                      But in essence - how do you feel about Hennessy? Have you tried it? This is the premiere for me!
                      I tried XO. My boss respects him. But personally it seems to me that it is too soft, there is no such saturation as that of Kizlyar and Armenian cognacs. Very refined.
                2. andrei332809
                  andrei332809 12 October 2012 10: 32 New
                  0
                  Quote: Karavan
                  And yet, whose brandy is the most-most

                  there is probably no definite answer to this question. was in Hindu, settled in a five-star hotel. in the evening I went into a bar, I see the camus is standing (the muck is still the same). I took a little and talked with the bartender. about beer, vodka, cognac and whiskey. asked him about Armenian cognacs, and he replied: "I tried it once, I liked it very much. But the hotel does not buy from Armenians, because it is too expensive even for a five-star"
              2. Alexander Romanov
                Alexander Romanov 12 October 2012 10: 49 New
                +2
                Yeah get drunk both wassat For the Russian icebreaking fleet BOTTOM drinks
                1. Srgsoap
                  Srgsoap 12 October 2012 11: 02 New
                  +1
                  Alexander, such pictures ... and even on Friday .... drinks
          2. Srgsoap
            Srgsoap 12 October 2012 11: 00 New
            +1
            I agree, the Genesi is not very good, but the Armenian still has Soviet stocks, there are still 3 bottles, all of them are 21 years old.
            1. Captain Vrungel
              Captain Vrungel 12 October 2012 11: 34 New
              +2
              This is an excerpt. Not cognac, Man.
              1. Srgsoap
                Srgsoap 12 October 2012 17: 05 New
                0
                Thank you, but it was 6)))))
    2. skullcap
      skullcap 12 October 2012 10: 25 New
      +1
      Karavan Today, 09: 13
      ... we celebrate a birthday with a colleague, Hennessey and Kazakhstani brandy they rule
      ------------------------------------------
      Considering the time of the koment - 09: 13 - should notice that the saying:
      "There is a custom in Russia - to drink Hennessy in the morning"
      this is not really a joke.
      1. Trailer
        Trailer 12 October 2012 10: 28 New
        0
        Plus time zone! And so - we praise the great god Nursery!
  9. itr
    itr 12 October 2012 09: 15 New
    +2
    Project 10521 - the nuclear icebreaker “50 Years of Victory” The icebreaker is equipped with a nuclear power plant (AEU) consisting of two water-cooled reactors - OK-900A, each with a capacity of 171 MW (thermal power is indicated, the shaft power is about six times less) and three-shaft turboelectric installation with power distribution on shafts 1-1-1. To provide the ship with energy, only one of the two nuclear reactors is enough, however, both are involved during sailing (at least 50% of the power).
    This is the device !!!!
  10. andrei332809
    andrei332809 12 October 2012 09: 16 New
    +1
    and who can tell me, how much is 25 mega in horses? because I remember that the most powerful nuclear power plant "Arctic" has 75 thousand horses
    1. Armata
      Armata 12 October 2012 09: 23 New
      +1
      Around 34 thousand horses.
      1. andrei332809
        andrei332809 12 October 2012 09: 36 New
        +1
        Quote: Mechanic
        About 34 thousand horses

        thank you for your help
    2. itr
      itr 12 October 2012 09: 30 New
      +1
      I don’t know for sure, but MW is more than 1000 horses
      1. Armata
        Armata 12 October 2012 09: 37 New
        +1
        Horsepower is metric and machine. In general, this is a relative value and they are trying to get away from them. In general, it is generally accepted that MW is 1400 horses.
    3. mongoose
      mongoose 12 October 2012 09: 34 New
      +2
      1 watt = 1,4 hp
  11. omsbon
    omsbon 12 October 2012 10: 14 New
    +2
    While icebreakers are being built, I propose to solve the problem in the following way.
    Two brigades under the command of Udaltsov and Navalny come out of points A and B towards each other, with crowbars in their hands. The heating station will be headed by Baba Lera. And go ahead!
  12. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 12 October 2012 10: 27 New
    +1
    Russia rises from its knees)))) this technique is a sign of a powerful country
  13. mkrass2006
    mkrass2006 12 October 2012 10: 29 New
    +1
    And where is the video !!! already wrote about this news here
  14. Senzey
    Senzey 12 October 2012 11: 27 New
    +1
    “LK-25 is a two-draft icebreaker. It will operate as a linear icebreaker to guide vessels at full ballast. When he drops the ballast, his sediment will decrease to about 8 meters, he will be able to work at the mouths of our northern rivers, providing northern delivery, he will be able to break ice in the right places in the port area, conducting caravans. One such icebreaker will replace two icebreakers - a shallow-sitting and full-fledged linear icebreaker. ”

    Two in one is great! This have not happened before. A very necessary icebreaker will be!
  15. TROG
    TROG 12 October 2012 22: 35 New
    0
    Article plus but,
    they want to spend on the acclimatization of Israeli drones 11cc
    and the 37cc icebreaker is worth building ...
  16. NordUral
    NordUral 25 September 2018 23: 44 New
    0
    On the one hand, the good news. And you think - so again everything is for oil and gas oligarchs.
  17. Pavel57
    Pavel57 13 January 2020 14: 19 New
    0
    Is there a place for gauges?