Military Review

The US Army faces a shortage of recruits

44

Since 1973, the recruitment of military personnel in the US Army has been carried out voluntarily and on a contract basis. For almost half a century, such a system coped with the tasks set and ensured the required influx of personnel. Now, however, the Pentagon is facing a shortage of recruits. Despite all efforts and various measures, he is now unable to attract the required number of young people.


Dial problems


Recruitment problems were reported by NBC News on June 27 in the article "Every branch of the military is struggling to make its 2022 recruiting goals, officials say." Information about current processes, their results and attempts to deal with existing problems was obtained from unnamed sources in the Pentagon and from outside experts.

It is reported that the recruiting units of the army cannot cope with the implementation of the set plans for the recruitment of new contract servicemen. It also provides specific data on some types of troops and types of armed forces that receive less new personnel.

NBC News was able to find out the possible prerequisites for the emergence of such a situation. Recruitment is hampered by a whole range of social, economic and other factors. So, most of the potential recruits, for one reason or another, do not want to connect their lives with the army and prefer a different job. At the same time, a significant proportion of them will not be able to enter the service due to various restrictions.


The Pentagon sees and understands this problem. In addition, they are already trying to find a way out and offer various measures that can interest young people. But despite all the efforts, the situation has not changed dramatically yet. Recruiters are still behind schedule for the current fiscal year, and it's not clear if the problem can be resolved before the start of the next one. In addition, the search for recruits next year is also in question.

Threats in numbers


In general, the situation with recruits looks bad. NBC News does not provide absolute numbers, but reports that the recruit plan for FY2022 so far only 40% completed. For the remaining three months, until the end of September, the remaining 60% of recruits will have to be recruited, which is hardly possible. However, the relevant services are still optimistic: in summer and autumn, the flow of recruits always increases due to school graduates.

According to NBC News, only some branches of the US military do not have big problems with recruits. The first one is the Marine Corps. He almost completed the recruiting plan and gathered several thousand people, although he encountered difficulties. Recently, a representative of the command of the ILC said at a congressional hearing that FY2022. became one of the most unsuccessful since the abolition of the draft.

Similar results, but on a smaller scale, show the newly created Space Force. This year they will accept only 500 recruits, and almost all the vacancies have already been filled. The Naval Command is also optimistic about the near future. It believes that the current plan will be carried out - this will be helped by a recent feature film about carrier-based pilots. aviation.


The situation in the Air Force is noticeably worse. This year this structure wants to accept 50 people. However, recruitment is behind schedule; the shortfall has already reached 4 thousand people. The Air Force hopes to rectify this situation before the end of the financial year and fulfill the plan. That being said, the National Guard Air Force and the reserve will probably not be able to cope with the plan. It is noted that the US Air Force last encountered such problems in 1999 and 1979.

Thus, some branches of the armed forces are still optimistic and hope for the implementation of the plan, but in general the situation is far from ideal. Not likely in the remaining months of FY2022. The Pentagon will be able to recruit the remaining 60% of the required recruits and close all urgent needs. If this does not happen, then open "vacancies" will be transferred to the next year, which also does not promise to be easy.

By my own will


In general, the situation is simple and understandable. American youth, for one reason or another, does not want to join the army. Recently, the Pentagon conducted a sociological study and identified the main reasons for this attitude to the service. Curious figures from this work are cited by NBC News.

The survey showed that among young people aged 17 to 24 who are fit for service, only 9% intend to join the army. In total, these are only tens of thousands of people, who are only enough to replenish one or two branches of the armed forces. This is the first time since 2007 that such low rates have been observed.


Potential recruits are reluctant to sign a contract due to a number of concerns. Thus, 57% of respondents are afraid that the service will negatively affect their mental state. About 50% fear for their physical health. A significant part is not going to the army for ethical reasons.

The Pentagon believes that the appearance of all such fears contributes to the prevailing image of the armed forces in society, their work and combat use. At the same time, according to other studies, up to 75% of young people know practically nothing about the army, cannot form an objective picture - and draw the wrong conclusions.

Parents have a great influence on the opinions and plans of young people. Most of the middle class would like their children to go to college or university and then build a career and succeed. Service in the army does not fit into this pattern. In addition, parents are no longer a positive example. So, at one time, only 13% of potential recruits managed to serve as parents. For comparison, in 1995 this figure reached 40%.

However, the problem is not only the unwillingness of young people. The army is ready to accept far from all recruits. The proportion of people fit for service is small and constantly declining. According to recent data, only 23% of Americans aged 17-24 can enter the service. The rest of this population is ineligible for health reasons, criminal records or drug problems. At the same time, a few years ago, the proportion of healthy and fit for service reached 29-30 percent.


Take measures


The structures of the Pentagon are already proposing and implementing various measures aimed at attracting more recruits. Financial solutions are proposed, additional advertising campaigns are carried out, and even organizational issues are resolved. How successful these actions will be will become clear in a few months.

The military department plans to reduce the requirements for recruits. Now they are reviewing the criteria and requirements for those entering the service. In total there are approx. 250 reasons for refusing to be accepted into the army or for dismissal from service. Some of them may be adjusted or canceled altogether. First of all, they will reduce health requirements, incl. in the field of chronic diseases.

It is proposed to pay more attention to advertising and campaigning. Army propaganda should explain to young people the goals and objectives of the army, the features of service, advantages, etc. It is proposed to develop new sites and platforms that are popular with young people. At the same time, the disseminated materials should be directed not only to potential recruits, but also to their parents, on whose opinion a lot depends.

The development of a network of recruiting centers may have a positive effect. Now they are located next to military units, but this does not seem to correspond to the tasks set. It is proposed to place new points in other places, incl. in prestigious areas. There they will attract more attention, which may contribute to the growth of interest in the service.


Some departments of the recruiting service are already resorting to a crude but effective solution. Recruits have long been attracted by information about salaries and social packages. Now they are also promised additional large lump-sum payments when they enter the service. Perhaps such measures will also find their addressee.

Plans and reality


For the first nine months of FY2022 Pentagon recruiters failed to complete even half of the plan. Only three months remain to search for the remaining recruits. Despite positive forecasts, this task will most likely not be solved, and the recruitment plan will be frustrated. Some branches of the military will be able to get the required number of recruits, but the rest will be in a difficult position.

According to various estimates, the current shortfall is the largest since the abolition of conscription. The army proposes and takes measures to correct this situation and hopes for success, but changes for the better are not guaranteed. Moreover, studies show that several negative trends exist and are increasing in this area. As a result, the situation may even worsen in the future, which will be facilitated by new crisis phenomena.

Thus, as a result of various recent processes, the US Army has ceased to attract young people, and potential recruits are choosing a different career. In addition, the army is ready to accept not everyone into its ranks. All this has already led to a sharp reduction in recruits and threatens the state of the armed forces. Whether it will be possible to cope with such problems and restore the army to its former prestige is a big question.
Author:
Photos used:
The US Department of Defense
44 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 30 June 2022 16: 07
    +7
    Whether it will be possible to cope with such problems and restore the army to its former prestige is a big question.
    Nonsense. More Latinos, the promise of big bonuses that not everyone can fulfill. request
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 30 June 2022 19: 30
      +1
      Reminded ...
  2. Ratmir_Ryazan
    Ratmir_Ryazan 30 June 2022 16: 07
    +2
    How about in our army? Enough recruits and contractors? Something tells me not.

    So he can attend to our problems, not American ones?
    1. Ros 56
      Ros 56 30 June 2022 16: 49
      +2
      Something tells me not.

      A strong argument, from a series - one woman said. fool
    2. AAC
      AAC 30 June 2022 16: 58
      0
      Motivations are awesome. Being a top manager in a construction company and having experience, I'm thinking of going.
      1. Grim Reaper
        Grim Reaper 2 July 2022 10: 11
        0
        Quote: AAC
        Motivations are awesome. Being a top manager in a construction company and having experience, I'm thinking of going.

        I think you are lying
    3. Paladin
      Paladin 30 June 2022 19: 17
      +4
      Something tells me

      Voices in my head, not the best clue hi laughing
      1. kristAl
        kristAl 1 July 2022 05: 37
        -4
        Voices in my head, not the best clue

        It's more familiar on TV, right? repeat
        1. Paladin
          Paladin 1 July 2022 07: 43
          +3
          You know better, and do not be shy)))
          1. kristAl
            kristAl 1 July 2022 12: 16
            -6
            You know better, and do not be shy)))

            But then you are my friend winked
            1. Paladin
              Paladin 1 July 2022 13: 45
              +3
              Not a friend, it seemed to you, do not take drugs, the TV suits you more.
              Ps In support of your words, can you bring my uryakonie?
            2. Emergency
              Emergency 1 July 2022 13: 54
              +2
              What makes you think you're someone's friend here? Zelobobskaya disease overcame? bully
              1. kristAl
                kristAl 4 July 2022 10: 25
                -4
                What makes you think you're someone's friend here? Zelobobskaya disease overcame?

                Well, yes, you are right cheers-garbage I'm not a friend wink
  3. Mouse
    Mouse 30 June 2022 16: 12
    +6
    What is it ... even transgenders, diverse minorities do not save the situation? recourse
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 30 June 2022 16: 13
    +6
    Thus, as a result of various recent processes, the US Army has ceased to attract young people, and potential recruits are choosing a different career.
    Where is it wrong?
  5. Yurets
    Yurets 30 June 2022 16: 20
    -1
    Let's say (purely for an example), if the Black Sea Fleet attacks the Pearl Harbor base, then believe me, there will be no end to the volunteers to fight with us. All recruiting offices will simply fall.
    So I don't see any problem.
    1. Evgen Baltic
      Evgen Baltic 30 June 2022 16: 27
      0
      From what do you draw such conclusions?
    2. AAC
      AAC 30 June 2022 17: 00
      +2
      And if Pearl Harbor attacks the Black Sea Fleet and the whole sinks, then what will be the effect?
      1. Yurets
        Yurets 30 June 2022 18: 02
        +1
        And if Pearl Harbor attacks the Black Sea Fleet and the whole sinks, then what will be the effect?

        Exactly the same.
        Actually, I meant TOF. How the CMF wrote - I don’t know.
    3. Bialt17
      Bialt17 30 June 2022 17: 50
      0
      This is called "analytics from the fifth grader Vasya"? Where did you get this from, where are the specifics? , maybe at least some kind of poll? what kind of kindergarten, why should we believe you? And if the United States attacks Russia / China, there will be many volunteers (the Americans)? Excuse me, but NBC News is a more serious source than your fantasies. Sociology says the opposite, for your country only 44% of Americans are ready to fight (For comparison, Russia has an indicator of 59%).
    4. Laszló
      Laszló 30 June 2022 21: 13
      0
      You would at least bring statistics, it’s very strange to read (believe me) your quote, who to believe? you?, the United States has one of the lowest percentages of citizens willing to fight for their country.
  6. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 30 June 2022 16: 31
    +7
    Recruits have long been attracted by information about salaries and social packages. Now they are also promised additional large lump-sum payments when they enter the service.

    A mug of beer and a shilling at the bottom. smile
    1. Grim Reaper
      Grim Reaper 2 July 2022 10: 17
      0
      Quote: Alexey RA
      Recruits have long been attracted by information about salaries and social packages. Now they are also promised additional large lump-sum payments when they enter the service.

      A mug of beer and a shilling at the bottom. smile

      !!!!! :)
  7. sen
    sen 30 June 2022 16: 35
    +3
    The US Army faces a shortage of recruits

    They repeat the fate of the Roman Empire, they promise citizenship after years of service in military service.
    1. Antonina Ignatenko
      Antonina Ignatenko 30 June 2022 18: 15
      0
      promise citizenship
      Yeah, I really see how the madmen with three classes of the local shaman school operate some fancy missile system, or at least a tank! No, today the army is too high-tech to recruit just anyone.
  8. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 30 June 2022 16: 40
    +4
    It is proposed to pay more attention to advertising and campaigning. Army propaganda should explain to young people the goals and objectives of the army, the features of service, advantages, etc.

    Harry Harrison described everything a long time ago. In details. smile
    The spectacle really opened up fantastically glorious. At the head of the procession was a three-meter-high robot orchestra, and even in a tall hussar shako, which crowned an excellent acoustic system. The mind-blowing robot firmly stamped its step with columnar legs gleaming with gold, while its three dozen hands virtuously strummed, played and roasted on a variety of instruments at the same time. Bravura groovy music announced the surroundings. Even Hillbilly Bill clumsily moved his wooden clogged feet in unison with the glittering boots of the soldiers marching behind the robot. On the broad chest of each brave warrior, medals rang, and the appearance of the column was, no doubt, the most valiant. The sergeant brought up the rear in all the splendor of galloons and braids, insignia and sashes, in a shiny cuirass, with a sword and a revolver, almost cut in half by a tightly tightened belt. His steely gaze rested on Bill, who was staring from behind the wattle fence, his hard lips twisted into a friendly smile, and he winked almost imperceptibly in his own way. Accompanied by a dusty horde of galloping, crawling and wheeled support robots of all stripes, the little troop disappeared around the bend, Bill clumsily climbing over the fence and trotting along behind. Interesting events took place on Figerinadon-2 no more than twice every four years, and he was not going to miss the third.
    By the time Bill appeared out of breath in the market place, there was already a decent crowd of onlookers. The concert was truly amazing. The robot band selflessly performed the solemn beats of the "March of the Star Infantry", cut through the "Rocket Rolls" and almost blew itself to shreds with the stormy rhythm "And in hell a sapper will open a trench." He took the final chord with such fervor that one of his legs unexpectedly soared high into the air, but was deftly picked up by him on the fly, and the robot finished the performance, balancing on one leg, and beating the time with its detached limb. When the final heart-rending “Forte” of the copper pipes resounded, the robot, using the freed limb as a pointer, directed the attention of the crowd to the opposite side of the square, where a three-dimensional screen and a tent with soft drinks had already been deployed. The soldiers quietly disappeared into the tavern, and the recruiting sergeant beaming with a hearty smile was left alone among the robots.
    - Listen, listen! he bellowed in a commanding voice. - Drinking at the expense of the emperor, and in order not to be bored - a downhole movie about distant lands!
    The crowd fell to the call. Bill, of course, too, and only a few old, shabby deserters dived into the alley: they knew what was what.
    1. darkesstcat
      darkesstcat 1 July 2022 08: 41
      0
      “And in hell a sapper will open a trench” - a chic title.
  9. Common sense
    Common sense 30 June 2022 16: 40
    +8
    There are no bad ones. They feel that they can find themselves in Europe, and in some Poland or even in the Baltic states at the very edge of "democracy". And do they need it? They live normally in the states.
    Those who wanted to fight have already signed up for Ukraine, some even managed to return in sacks, while others will be looked for for a long time after the war ...
  10. Al manah
    Al manah 30 June 2022 17: 37
    +2
    And why not a single black man can be seen in the photographs?
    1. Grim Reaper
      Grim Reaper 2 July 2022 10: 21
      +1
      Quote: Al Manah
      And why not a single black man can be seen in the photographs?

      Tolerance, it's so strange.... ')
  11. Mint Gingerbread
    Mint Gingerbread 30 June 2022 18: 39
    0
    I would like to see such articles, and the statistics of the state in the Russian Federation for objectivity. Well, as practice has shown, men up to 60 years old are quite capable of performing combat missions, although not in mobile operations. You can attract with experience for a contract at will, some retired specialists.
    1. Alex K_2
      Alex K_2 1 July 2022 17: 04
      +5
      Quote: Mint Gingerbread
      Well, as practice has shown, men up to 60 years old are quite capable of performing combat missions

      Well, yes. I'm almost "fifty kopecks", I'm too old and fat to run around with a gun.
      But I have a higher radio engineering education, I work in the defense industry. From me, you can quickly train an operator of an air defense or electronic warfare complex.
      And if it comes to the complexes that we produce, then I don’t even need to be prepared.
    2. Vinnibuh
      Vinnibuh 2 July 2022 16: 06
      0
      Well, all the patriots, PPC, I ran as a cynologist for 3 years, in which Toko opera I wasn’t, and my beloved government just didn’t play me. Do not want anymore. Ks, seeing how our army is provided for in the war, I will not doubly go as a volunteer. Let the kids or the little ones show an example, but not with the stars, but as an ordinary one.
  12. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 30 June 2022 18: 48
    +3
    there is not a word in the article about the educational level of recruits, and here no Latinos with blacks will help, a simple example of aircraft mechanics, mouth and mouth, and gunsmiths should now be literate
  13. DienBienPhu
    DienBienPhu 30 June 2022 19: 52
    0
    In the army ?, you can’t keep young Americans from game consoles, tik tok and marijuana :))
  14. DenVB
    DenVB 30 June 2022 20: 21
    0
    Zelensky can share with the Americans his experience in solving the problem of a shortage of people who want to serve in the army.
  15. Altix
    Altix 30 June 2022 22: 23
    +4
    "In the first nine months of 2022, Pentagon recruiters failed to complete even half of the set plan"
    It seemed to me alone that this article is from the future, at least from October 2022.
    1. AdAstra
      AdAstra 30 June 2022 22: 52
      +1
      No, but who pays attention to such trifles wassat
    2. Balt09
      Balt09 1 July 2022 01: 36
      0
      It means the financial year, which just ends in three months. The same explanation of the f.g. written.
  16. APASUS
    APASUS 1 July 2022 10: 02
    0
    Is the country that prints the dollar having problems recruiting for the army?
  17. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 1 July 2022 14: 34
    0
    They have this problem all the time. In St., there is a shortage of 20% in general. They were going to switch to the Foreign Legion system - citizenship in exchange for service.
  18. Alex K_2
    Alex K_2 1 July 2022 17: 08
    0
    Quote: APASUS
    The country that prints the dollar is having problems recruiting for the army

    Dollars cannot be drafted into the army.
  19. Egor53
    Egor53 1 July 2022 19: 35
    +1
    The USA is a country with a very developed LGBT system, which is also progressing. It is quite natural that at the same time there is no morality in the country, and there are fewer and fewer people who want to join the army.
  20. Eug
    Eug 4 August 2022 06: 18
    0
    As far as I know, quite a few Ukrainians who are trained under the guidance of Western instructors leave the ZSU and continue to serve in the US Army. The numbers 16000-18000 flashed by, and this number is constantly growing.