Military Review

Submarine, drowned on the shore

33
The K-429 submarine was built in the city of Gorky according to the 670 A Scat project. There were 11 submarines of this type. Its length was 104 meters, width almost 10 meters, height - with a five-story apartment building. The boat reached speeds up to 26 knots, the limit of the depth of the dive was 300 meters. Onboard there was a nuclear installation with a capacity of about 90 MW and eight SS-N-7 missiles. October 31 1972 of the year "K-429" joined the ranks of the Soviet Navy, and in March 1973 she went to the first repair as a result of partial flooding of the reactor compartment. Two years later, purging with compressed air of one of the tanks of the main ballast led to an explosion that damaged the bow of the boat. But the worst thing is stories this submarine was still ahead.


Submarine, drowned on the shore


In late spring 1983, K-429 returned to base after a successful six-month voyage in the waters of the Indian Ocean. The crew was allowed to go home, and the boat was put up for repair, due to malfunctions of a number of equipment. Work was supposed to begin in the fall. But the headquarters of the second flotilla, with the permission of the headquarters of the Pacific Fleet, left it in the composition of the ships having the status of "constant readiness". This meant that in case of unforeseen circumstances, in spite of the existing malfunctions, the boat was allocated less than a day for training. At the same time, an order came from Moscow to appoint Captain First Rank Nikolai Suvorov, one of the most experienced commanders in the entire Kamchatka Navy with 25 years of experience, a senior teacher of tactics in St. Petersburg. Together with his wife, he began to prepare for departure. But on June 20, a divisional commander called Suvorov and ordered him to gather at sea on K-429 to conduct training firing and other activities to repel an enemy’s conditional attack. The combat training plan was not carried out in the flotilla, so any measures were used to maintain the approved number of combat-ready forces. Suvorov, of course, expressed his dissatisfaction with the decision of the chief, as it was clear to everyone that the submarine was not ready for sailing. But his commander silently invited the chief of the political department into the office and again repeated the order. Seeing that the situation was hopeless, Suvorov reluctantly signed an order. The remaining submariners learned about the emergency departure only in a couple of days, as the crew had to be collected from everywhere. The cries of the leadership, the threats to take away the party card and put him on trial led to the fact that on June 23 people were driven to the submarine from five different boats. The staff was fully understaffed only three hours before going to sea. Most of the sailors had "not kept the boat" for a whole year. Instead of honing their skills and training, people were used in chores - digging ditches, digging potatoes. Not only that, at the last moment they took another 14 trainees. A total of 120 people. It is clear that there was no three-day basic check of the operation of systems and mechanisms. A leakage test was not carried out; the boat's transmission and reception was purely symbolic. But the authorities did not embarrass this, and on June 24, 1983 the submarine K-429 sailed from Krasheninnikov’s bay to the sea.

Rear Admiral Yerofeyev, who was in charge of the duel firing, offered to immediately go to the exercise area. But Suvorov did not agree. Give it back here, “K-429” could perish in the ocean depths. In Sarannaya Bay, where the depth is not more than 60 meters, it was decided to trim, that is, the ability of the boat to sink and float. In 23 hours 18 minutes, the dive began. Having filled out the main ballasts, except for the middle group, the captain listened to the reports that there were no comments. Then in three steps they began to fill the middle group. The depth gauge of the central post at the same time showed zero depth. And then in the fourth compartment on the ventilation system gushing water. Immediately the emergency protection of the reactor began to work, the main lighting went off, and the pressure in the hydraulics systems was gone. As it turned out later, the weight of the submarine was extra 60 tons, and the depth gauges were disabled. That is, all were “blind” at the central control station. The boat commander decides to blow the main ballast tanks. During this procedure, compressed air is supplied to the tanks filled with water under enormous pressure, having previously closed the valves of the ventilation system. The air must force the water out and the boat float. But the remote control responsible for closing the ventilation valves did not work correctly. Instead of displacing water, the air came out, leaving the ship. And the body, respectively, quickly became filled with water. A few minutes later, K-429 was already at the bottom at a depth of 35 meters. After the command to stop blowing was sent, they contacted the compartments by phone. Disappointing reports came from the first, second, third that water was pouring from the ventilation system. It was possible to stop its flow by closing the bulkhead clinkers of the ventilation system. But by this time, the entire team of the fourth compartment was already dead. Sailors fulfilled their duty, following all the basic requirements of the main document for the submariner - guidelines for the struggle for survivability. None of the fourteen people left the compartment. The sailors battened down the bulkheads, which saved the lives of the personnel of the third compartment, and also tried to manually close the ventilation. Twenty minutes later the water filled the room. When people got into the compartment much later, the first thing they saw was that all the dead sailors were in their places. The commander of the compartment, a mighty man, was barely able to tear off the manual control of the vent shaft valve, with which he fought until his last breath.

When the battery of the third compartment exploded in the 4 hour of 55 minutes from the water that entered it, it became clear that K-429 alone would not emerge on its own. Deadly gases appeared in the air, the entire personnel of the compartment moved into the second. It was not possible to issue emergency buoys, which give signals about the disaster, because in order to avoid accidental separation, all the buoys were tightly welded to the boat hull. This was a common occurrence in most domestic submarines. Similarly, a pop-up chamber welded to the metal hull of the vessel, prepared to evacuate the crew in an emergency, was welded to the metal hull. However, the sailors could not use the camera in any case - the winch device did not work either. When it became clear that help would not come, Suvorov decided to send two sailors to the surface through a torpedo tube. The physically strong and highly experienced midshipmen Lesnik and Merzlikin were chosen. They were never heroes in the classic sense of the word, consistently violating discipline, often sitting on the “lip”. In 8 hours 30 minutes, meticulously observing the order of decompression, midshipmen appeared on the surface. Not finding any ships nearby, according to a predetermined plan, they sailed to the shore. By pure chance, they stumbled upon an anti-submarine BC OVR, which seriously decided that they caught foreign submarine saboteurs. Even when the submariners were taken to the deck, they did not believe their stories about the sunken submarine. As a result, the captain requested his superiors, who in turn contacted the command of the Kamchatka Flotilla. So in the fleet headquarters they learned that a huge nuclear submarine was lying at the bottom.

A few hours later, rescue ships began to arrive at K-429: Tactical missile patrol "Watchdog", SS-83 and SS-38, BM-117. A submarine of the same class as K-429 arrived. In it, the rescued were to undergo a decompression procedure. By the end of the third day all the rescue forces of the Kamchatka fleet, headed by the commander-in-chief of the Navy S.G., gathered over the sunken submarine. Gorshkovym. However, inside the submarine things were getting worse. In some compartments, the pressure increased, the temperature exceeded 50 degrees, the air ended. There were no lamps, food, emergency breathing apparatus, nothing at all was necessary. On the second day, the battery in the first compartment jerked. The bulkhead leading to this room was closed and jammed. After the specialists in the SK-59 rescue bell could not dock to the K-429 hatches, they decided to take the submariners out of four torpedo tubes. It was the maximum that allowed one torpedo tube. Rescuers could only support the lives of people, conducting ventilation compartments, sending the missing ammunition to the submarine, meeting sailors exiting the torpedo tubes and accompanying them on their way to the surface. Despite the fact that the crew of 50 percent were excellent students of combat training, and more than half of the people were specialists of the first and second classes, many sailors did not know how to use individual life-saving equipment for the banal reason for the lack of training.

The rescue divers, too, are not all stuck. Some of the cartridges they supplied through the torpedo tube were empty, they had been looking for cables for a long time, compressors were not functioning. “For the sake of all that is holy,” the Morsech sailors in the hull of the submarines encased in the bowels of the submarine beat out. “Just don’t touch anything, we ourselves ...”


It is even difficult to imagine what it means to crawl in a diving outfit on a submerged torpedo machine a nine-meter-long segment and a half-meter width in pitch darkness. Fear restrains movement, presses the will. One of their young sailors died from a heartbreak already at the very exit. Another submariner, who was the first to leave the seventh compartment with a cable in his hands, got entangled in it, and of course, he didn’t have a diving knife, which necessarily included in the rescue set of things. Four days went rescue divers. 23-year-old Vasily Baev, who had gone through a school of deep-sea divers in the Black Sea Fleet, leaving last on the flooded stern, one managed to repair and close the exit hatch, stopping the flow of water. It was thanks to this that the submarine was subsequently raised. For his feat, Vasily received only the Order of the Red Star. In 20 hours 31 minute 28 June, the last of the 104 people was saved.

Lifting from the ground on the pantones


After the K-429 was lifted from the bottom, Captain Suvorov climbed the whole ship in search of the cause of the accident. The fault was in the logical block of the remote valve control system. For a regular submarine mechanic, this defect was not unusual. During the dive, he always put the observer in the fourth compartment, who controlled the result of the “looped” command. But that day he was not on the boat ... The K-429 lifting operation was carried out on its own, because at that time foreign rescuers were not even thought about. From everywhere they gathered the most experienced divers, boatswains, scaffold riders. For a month and a half after the accident, having broken all records, the submarine was raised and sent to the dock for resurrection. But on the night of September 13 1985, the submarine sank again, this time right at the wall of the ship repair yard. After that, they gave up on it, reworking it into a training ship, and in 1990 they finally wrote it off.

The investigation was conducted in a peculiar way. The investigative documents were embroidered and sewn together again, but already without some sheets, the trim magazine, which the captain personally carried with him, was lost. Suvorov turned into the main culprit of the incident.

“If such a catastrophe happened far from the base,” said Admiral Sorokin, the head of the Main Political Directorate of the Navy, “everyone would have been awarded high government awards.” And here they drowned so close. Ugly somehow.


The investigation dragged on for a year and a half. The wife of the captain, having collected all the necessary documents, went to seek the truth in Moscow. She did not understand that the decision had been made long ago and the whole process had been adjusted. As a result, Suvorov was given ten years, taking into custody right in the courthouse. In addition, the commander was asked to pay damages to 20 millions for reducing the combat readiness of the country's submarines. 10 September 1987 of the year by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR Suvorov was pardoned. A few years after his release, he passed away. A little later, twelve admirals appealed to the court demanding the posthumous rehabilitation of the captain of the first rank. The chief of staff of the flotilla, Oleg Yerofeyev, later headed the Northern Fleet. Subsequently, in his 1989, the nuclear submarine Komsomolets was killed. Seamen who were killed in the fourth compartment were very eager to give rewards. But the documents, as always, were lost in the headquarters. Only on the basis of nuclear submarines of the Pacific Fleet in the village of Rybachy there is a monument on which the names of the sixteen K-429 crew members killed in Sarannaya Bay are stamped.

We lost K-429 in 1983, K-219 in 1986, and K-278 in 1989. Plus, you need to remember about the explosion of the reactor on a submarine in Chazhma in 1985. Suvorov, as if he was looking into the water, saying his last words at the trial: "You will not tell anyone the truth, you will not teach others the hard way, there will be accidents to you, there will be human casualties."


Alas, but it is necessary to recognize that our commanders did not extract anything from this catastrophe. All that bothered the authorities at the time was to cover their asses, to shift all the blame on the crew and its commanders. And after eleven and a half years 12 August 2000, the Kursk died.
Suvorov case

Original title: The Suvorova Case
YOM: 2009
Genre: Documentary, biography, история, disaster, investigation
Issued: Russia, "Igor Shadkhan Workshop"
Director: Igor Shadkhan
About the film: The film reveals the tragedy that occurred in 1983 year with the nuclear submarine K-429. She sank in the bay of Sarannaya, on the distant Kamchatka. Fourteen people died, and one hundred and two crew members managed to escape. Captain I rank commander Nikolai Mikhailovich Suvorov, the boat's commander, received 10 years in prison. Is this sentence fair? His wife is still fighting for a review of the sentence, although the captain himself is no longer alive.

33 comments
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  1. Yazov
    Yazov 6 October 2012 10: 37
    13
    As always, a soviet window dressing, which is still not uprooted. The league would be reported, and there it will be seen ... Shoot back to put a tick, and if something happens, heroically eliminate it. With a hot iron, you need to burn out the spirit of ostentatiousness, fraud and cap-making. More than one generation in our country must change, so that in a different way, in truth, they begin to live in our country.
    1. Set
      Set 6 October 2012 13: 54
      +4
      Yes, we are able to look for switchmen.
      1. alexng
        alexng 6 October 2012 17: 43
        +2
        Finding switchmen is not a childhood disease of all mankind, regardless of nationality or country.
  2. Uncle
    Uncle 6 October 2012 14: 25
    0
    Quote: CeT
    All that bothered the authorities then was to cover their asses, to blame all the blame on the crew and its commanders. And after eleven and a half years, on August 12, 2000, the Kursk perished.
    Is it clear to the author of the article that Kursk died due to the same reasons as K429? That is, suspicions of a foreign submarine, is this all a myth, in fact criminal negligence? Is the author in a hurry with conclusions?
    1. Delta
      Delta 6 October 2012 15: 52
      +2
      those who really wanted the Kursk to drown at least someone hurried to conclusions. At the same time, there is zero talk about the training of personnel and the readiness of the boat for service. For it is not profitable. Exactly for the same reasons, "Komsomolets" died, for the same reason the reactor exploded on the rocket in Chazhma ... but you never know there were

      By the way, as far as I remember, Gorshkov personally promised Baev "Volga" that he would be the last to leave the exit hatch. Yes, he didn't ...
      1. Uncle
        Uncle 6 October 2012 22: 31
        -2
        Quote: Delta
        those who really wanted the Kursk to drown at least someone hurried to conclusions.
        I talked with one sailor, his friend was in the Kursk commission, he claims that the commission’s conclusions are correct, the cause of the tragedy is a torpedo explosion. I would believe him unconditionally, but it confuses me that my friend is a political officer from a submarine, I do not believe the Communists.
        1. Delta
          Delta 6 October 2012 23: 33
          +4
          it's like not believing a person just for the color of hair, eyes, and so on ...

          Believe it or not is everyone’s private affair. There is a fair amount of facts and data revealing the prerequisites for that disaster. As you know, there are no instantaneous accidents. They are preceded by a threatened period, a series of events that skillful and responsible people prevent.

          By the way, didn’t the Communists give you education?
          1. Uncle
            Uncle 7 October 2012 00: 07
            -1
            Quote: Delta
            By the way, didn’t the Communists give you education?
            I am not against the Soviet people who lived under the communists. The teachers of the native MPEI, in particular. Against carriers of harmful ideology. I just remember the urgent service of our political officer and special agent. I can’t say anything good.
            1. Delta
              Delta 7 October 2012 11: 19
              0
              why should individuals judge almost the whole population? so you can make conclusions about an entire nation one alcoholic
              1. gispanec
                gispanec 7 October 2012 12: 37
                0
                Quote: Delta
                why should individuals judge almost the whole population? so you can make conclusions about an entire nation one alcoholic

                I also remember the political leader ... a rare bastard ..... this is not an isolated case.
                1. Cosmos-1869
                  Cosmos-1869 7 October 2012 19: 29
                  0
                  And by the way, do you remember the name of the political officer in the movie "The Hunt for Red October"?
            2. Eugene
              Eugene 8 October 2012 11: 54
              +3
              And I remember my political leaders. And others. Only good. But if you thumped vodka, ran on self-propelled guns, and deuces by specialty, then another thing. Of course bastards!
              1. Delta
                Delta 8 October 2012 12: 25
                +1
                Evgen, five points :)
            3. Krasnoyarsk
              Krasnoyarsk April 2 2020 16: 11
              0
              Quote: Uncle
              I just remember the urgent service of our political officer and special agent. I can’t say anything good.

              Maybe because they couldn’t say anything good about you?
          2. gispanec
            gispanec 7 October 2012 12: 35
            0
            Quote: Delta
            By the way, didn’t the Communists give you education?

            - the holy duty of any state !!! not the merit of the communists !!
            1. lelikas
              lelikas 7 October 2012 13: 25
              +2
              Quote: gispanec
              holy duty of any state !!!
              - to everyone and for free?
            2. Delta
              Delta 7 October 2012 14: 31
              +1
              any state? I see how now it gives independence to its citizens.
  3. Vito
    Vito 6 October 2012 15: 03
    +4
    Worse than an external enemy, only own negligence and sloppiness!
    To the soldiers who died the kingdom of heaven.
    I'd like to believe that such mistakes of the highest ranks will not be repeated!
    How naive of me.
  4. rudolff
    rudolff 6 October 2012 17: 14
    +2
    Also in the story with Nerpa the point is not set.
    1. gispanec
      gispanec 7 October 2012 12: 40
      0
      Quote: rudolff
      Also in the story with Nerpa the point is not set.

      so nothing has changed except for the benefits of officially acquiring ..... the same Communists - right now Edros ..... does anyone like traitors here? .... I understand the minuses ..... how can a communist suddenly degenerate into a shit ?? ... the same brains ... we have Edros .... 90% of the former communists ... and the worst of it (the communist) part .....
      1. Delta
        Delta 7 October 2012 15: 36
        0
        I see, the Communists have crossed the road a lot for you. By the way, if they have the same brains, then maybe not the Communists have the same brains or edrosov (their followers, in your opinion), but the whole people. For the Communists were not from another planet, but part (and large) of the people
        1. gispanec
          gispanec 7 October 2012 19: 47
          -1
          [quote = Delta] I see, the Communists have come a long way to you [/ quote]
          and where do you look to draw such conclusions? [quote = Delta]
          1. Delta
            Delta 7 October 2012 20: 28
            0
            I look at the statements and I don’t remember, by the way, that we drank on Brudershaft
            1. spok
              spok 8 October 2012 00: 13
              -1
              in the internet everyone is equal
              1. Delta
                Delta 8 October 2012 10: 51
                -2
                this is your personal opinion, stay with him
        2. Uncle
          Uncle 7 October 2012 19: 54
          0
          Quote: Delta
          I see, the Communists have crossed the road
          I divide the communists into bearers of an ideology that is harmful to Russia and the bulk of those who joined the CPSU, say, "in the spirit of the times." Who did not even know about the true meaning of the teachings of Marx-Lenin. Who sincerely believed that the destruction of entire layers of the population was correct, Orthodoxy was obscurantism, God was a legend. For many, the party is the path to a career, isn't it in the army?
  5. Kostyanich
    Kostyanich 6 October 2012 20: 23
    +3
    Well, damn the country is not shuganovy idotov
    and the worst thing is that the authorities did not make any conclusions
    right, you can always blame subordinates
  6. laurbalaur
    laurbalaur 6 October 2012 21: 07
    -4
    Unfortunately, we have not only such a fleet, but also the army and the country as a whole (((In the 70s, as a young man, watching on the Vremya program how blacks are beaten in the USA, I thought: "How lucky I was that I was born in this country, she will protect me, she, my MOTHERLAND ", and so, - I am wildly sorry now that I did not leave here in the 90 = s, because you can't blind a bullet from Mr.
  7. understudy
    understudy 6 October 2012 21: 20
    +1
    Quote: Yazov
    As always shoveling window dressing


    "Potemkin villages" appeared long before the Soviet regime.
  8. algol
    algol 6 October 2012 21: 36
    +1
    Since childhood, the feeling of a slave, a serf has been hammered into us. The elder, the boss, the commander is always right. And you are always obliged to do what he ordered. And dosi so. That we do not see what "specialists" are in the leadership of the country, government and ministries. However - there is, no matter how not, so sure. They think they are wise, and we do not give them a reason to doubt it.
  9. VadimSt
    VadimSt 8 October 2012 04: 44
    +3
    Quote: algol
    From childhood, a sense of a slave, a serf, was driven into us.

    Nonsense! From nursery to demobilization, I was taught only one thing - to love the Motherland, to be its patriot, to respect the elders, etc. Slaves are those who are using ideology, "family contracts", etc. "walked" up the service ladders.

    After all, the army is not a bunch of "musketeers" and requires discipline and order, not Greek assembly. There were enough "homosexuals" both in the command and in the conscripts, but I, and many of my colleagues, still respect him, although he has long been dead.
    1. Eugene
      Eugene 8 October 2012 11: 57
      +1
      As well as the party organizers of the workshops. Normal guys.
  10. Mystery
    Mystery 9 March 2015 22: 03
    +2
    I registered on the site for the sake of Krivdopravda, or rather, who wrote this article about the submariners and the boat and those who saved ... "You have not seen the sea, sir" I think the article is nonsense who has little studied this fact from the history of the Navy of the nuclear submarine
    I was a participant in those events since we were assigned to this team
    Many facts match you written, and much of the head
    How was the boat prepared? Yes, the main crew was not fully equipped; it was partially returned; some were added from another submarine.
    The IDA was for 80 people, some of them were expired, automatic closing sensors were ruined, manual closing was painted with dembels chords, more precisely, with paint layers of all calls. In this state, she went to live firing. We turned on providing firing in the Kuril region when she sniffed and all parachutes were one of the first to close the entrance to Sarany (Bolshaya and Malaya)
    In the photo, the floating crane holds the boat during the refueling. He will come only three weeks later. Before that .. Submarine commander Suvorov did not disgrace the rank of Submariner panic began He restored order with several officers by taking out a gun His words The sailors were the first to come out because the IDA was less than half and the officers had seized for them
    The buoy was thrown out by the first actions, although the reliability of this building left much to be desired it was painted so many times ... They sent two midshipmen to the ascent .. They gave us information on the grenades that they were alive and one got out letting us know that he was alive .. then he sailed to the DURbat posts the so-called Observation Points of Water Borders .. you didn’t sniff that the boat sniffed thought they had left the screens. Let's call Peter Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky .. The torpedo bombers flew in first. Dashing guys with respect to them and their merit The most fastest in that company hung on their shoulders. .Gorshkov arrived from Moscow with the fleet headquarters and teams from different fleets of professional rescuers of divers divers .. They approached the rescue ships and the torpedo-ships brought in IDA .. began to lower communications with the boat..gorshov and the headquarters discussed what to do There was a space connection through the suitcase An option was offered with bathysubs .. We chose the option of lifting with the winding up of pontoons ... but it will be later initially x hotels lift the bow of the boat. Alas, everything is not reliable .. On the shore in the Zavoyko region, crews of sailors made steel ends with the thickness of a human hand for winding pantons. Initially, about 8 people died, who were smeared by the gas explosion in the accumulator pits and the boat was torn apart, but it was torn apart .. We started lifting the sailors through torpedoes with insuring divers ... two sailors died alone; choked in his own vomit, the second; it didn’t have time to intercept it rushed to the surface still see jumping eyes from their orbits when removing a gas mask
    Then the pontoons started winding, the divers dragged the cables under the bottom, when the whole crew was already brought to the surface .. The cruiser Admiral Sinyavin, who left Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, was driven without fuel, turning this kerogase without it cost oh yes, and the loop smoke covered the entire bay.
    Pontoons started and started blowing. Rescuers squared to reduce the wave and then suddenly a pontoon flies out and hit the Rescuer. Imagine a three-story house flying out of the water and falling on the vessel one and a half times less than it ..
    We started all over again .. during this time there was a floating crane from the Black Sea ...
    They torn the boat from the bottom and lifted it .. The pontoons re-lifted the floating crane .. The medics who collected parts of the sailors didn’t dry the glasses before descending on the shkert, then the bag, then the medic put a glass in his teeth and rest .. when they freed, they re-stranded the boat aground for reloading the pontoons. And then the native plant was slowly delivered
    I believe that Commander Suvorov earned respect. Having received the Trough managed to save many
    1. Karabogazgol
      Karabogazgol 16 March 2016 21: 22
      0
      He also raised a glass - without clinking glasses ... Eternal memory.
  11. Mystery
    Mystery 9 March 2015 22: 12
    +1
    It states that the wife of Cap rank Suvorov seeks justice
    The last message was that he was acquitted and awarded posthumously
    A photo of the wife with the young graduates was somewhere ... A low bow to them to the wife and capras Suvorov who did not disgrace the title of Submarine of the Navy
  12. brom
    brom April 2 2016 06: 32
    0
    Climbing from the ground at pAntons


    On Galova the author would hit.