Military Review

S-300V4 anti-aircraft systems in the Far East

31
S-300V4 anti-aircraft systems in the Far East

The personnel of the 38th anti-aircraft missile brigade is ready for combat duty to protect the Kuril Islands, 2020.


The processes of development and strengthening of air defense in strategically important areas continue. One of the latest measures of this kind was the deployment of S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile systems in the Kuril Islands. Since the end of 2020, the crews of these air defense systems have been on constant duty, and also regularly participate in various trainings.

New brigade


In 2019, the 38th anti-aircraft missile brigade (38 zrbr) was re-formed as part of the Eastern Military District. The formation was to be deployed on the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region and to cover troops in the Far East from air attacks. In the near future, it was planned to carry out all the formation activities, arm the brigade and bring it to combat duty.

On January 31, 2020, as part of the next Single Day of Acceptance of Military Products, the 38th Air Rifle Brigade received a complete brigade set of S-300V4 military anti-aircraft missile systems. At that time, the personnel of the brigade were already undergoing retraining and mastering new equipment at the training center in Orenburg and at the Kapustin Yar training ground. Soon the anti-aircraft gunners returned home with new air defense systems and took up combat duty.

At the end of October of the same year, the Ministry of Defense announced the future exercises of the brigade. The action plan provided for the relocation of one of its units over a long distance. The S-300V4 systems, together with the crews by rail and by sea, were to go to the Kuril Islands. On unfamiliar training grounds, it was planned to carry out deployment and firing practice.


Brigade equipment on the march

Apparently, the Ministry of Defense decided not to limit itself to the training transfer of equipment and personnel. On December 1, 2020, it was announced that the unit of the 38th air defense brigade successfully completed the redeployment and took up full combat duty in order to protect the Kuril Islands. In addition, anti-aircraft gunners began training and worked out actions when an intruder was detected.

Skill development


In the course of the exercises on the transfer over a long distance and deployment to unfamiliar positions, practice firing was already carried out. In the future, after taking up full-fledged duty, the unit of the 38th brigade continued the process of study and training. The press service of the Ministry of Defense regularly reports on various training events, during which the search for and destruction of air targets is practiced.

So, in April 2021, a control check of the Kuril division took place. The duty forces on the S-300V4 air defense system received a signal about the violation of Russian airspace by a mock enemy and were put on alert. The personnel successfully spotted, identified and took to escort the target. After the targets entered the affected area, training electronic launches were performed. The check was completed successfully - the targets were conditionally hit.

In November last year, a similar training was held, aimed at testing and improving skills. The crews carried out all the necessary operations and procedures, after which they conditionally hit air targets. Like last time, the training was carried out with electronic missile launches and without the use of real products.


This year, the 38th Air Rifle Brigade has already managed to conduct two new training sessions. The first took place in early January. The next one was announced on March 10. In both cases, the anti-aircraft gunners coped with the assigned training tasks and conditionally hit dozens of violators. At the same time, data exchange with other air defense systems was practiced.

Defense from the East


Thus, in 2020-21. A new military air defense brigade was formed and put on combat duty, the purpose of which is to protect the troops of the Eastern Military District. Its units are equipped with the most modern weapons with high tactical and technical characteristics and have repeatedly confirmed their ability to use them effectively.

The newly formed 38th air defense brigade is included in the general air defense contours of the district and complements other anti-aircraft formations and assets. The area of ​​responsibility of the brigade may include large areas of the Jewish Autonomous Region and neighboring regions. So, directly from the point of permanent deployment, the S-300V4 systems can control the entire airspace of their region and part of the nearest regions. At the same time, anti-aircraft weapons are mobile and can accompany troops - and the “dome” of air defense is shifted accordingly.

One of the units of the brigade was transferred to the Kuriles and is now on constant duty. Obviously, its task is to provide air defense units of other military branches already deployed there, as well as to protect civilian infrastructure. At the same time, all the advantages associated with the tactical and technical characteristics of the standard materiel are preserved and realized.


Equipment and weapons


The main weapons The 38th brigade is the S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile system. This is a military air defense system, currently the last in its family. It is intended to organize anti-aircraft and anti-missile defense of troops in places of permanent deployment, on the march or in a combat situation. S-300V4 should work together with other military air defense systems and provide long-range interception of aerodynamic and ballistic targets.

The S-300V4 has its own radar equipment for air situation illumination and target search, as well as launchers, transport-loading vehicles and several types of missiles. All means of the system are mounted on tracked chassis, which provide the required mobility and allow escorting troops on the march.

The system's radar is capable of detecting targets at ranges of hundreds of kilometers. Provides data exchange with other anti-aircraft weapons, incl. obtaining target designation from the outside. The S-300V4 uses several types of missiles with a maximum range of at least 350 km against aircraft. It is also possible to hit ballistic missiles with a range of up to 2500 km from a distance of at least 30 km.

On all frontiers


The S-300V4 system passed all the necessary tests at the turn of the 300s and 2013s, after which it was recommended for adoption. First of all, according to the new project, the cash S-XNUMXV air defense systems of previous modifications were modernized. In parallel, the production of completely new products started. The first of them were handed over to the customer and put on duty in XNUMX.


In the future, the Ministry of Defense has repeatedly reported on the receipt of new batteries and brigade sets of S-300V4. With their help, units and formations were re-equipped throughout the country. To date, significant quantities of such equipment are available in all military districts and provide the required level of cover for troops.

At the same time, the processes of production of new equipment and re-equipment of parts do not stop. So, a little over two years ago, they allowed the anti-aircraft missile brigade to return to service in the Far East. At first, it provided protection for army facilities in the continental part of the country, and now one of its units is entrusted with the protection of the garrison of the Kuril Islands.

Thus, the production and supply of S-300V4 systems continue and give all the desired results. With their help, military air defense builds up its characteristics and improves all combat capabilities. The positive consequences of these measures - both for the military districts and for national security in general - are obvious.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
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  1. Asad
    Asad 13 March 2022 05: 26
    +10
    The author likes to stretch a note for two paragraphs into war and peace.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 13 March 2022 07: 36
      +4
      transferred to the Kuril Islands and is now on constant duty.
      And my sleep became more peaceful! good
    2. YOUR
      YOUR 14 March 2022 14: 23
      +1
      At the same time, he did not fully study the terminology and general principles of work. It hurts the eyes.
  2. Vladislav
    Vladislav 13 March 2022 06: 17
    0
    Can S-300V4 missiles have a special warhead?
    1. Asad
      Asad 13 March 2022 06: 24
      +3
      You mean nuclear? I can't confirm I don't know. But in the distant 80s there were such in our air defense unit.
      1. Vladislav
        Vladislav 13 March 2022 06: 30
        0
        Yes, nuclear.

        What advantages do they give to the complex?
        Will the complex be effective without SBC?
        1. bk0010
          bk0010 13 March 2022 11: 56
          0
          Quote: Vladislav
          What advantages do they give to the complex?
          Remember how the Allies ironed Germany with battleboxes of 1000 bombers? If the air defense had special warheads, this would be impossible.
        2. Lt. Air Force stock
          Lt. Air Force stock 13 March 2022 16: 18
          0
          Quote: Vladislav
          What advantages do they give to the complex?
          Will the complex be effective without SBC?

          A ballistic target is easier to destroy. Moscow's A-135 missile defense missiles also had a nuclear warhead.
    2. YOUR
      YOUR 14 March 2022 14: 26
      +1
      The principle can. But at the end of the 80s, all missiles were removed from service as they passed with special charges.
      On the one hand, the use of such a missile destroys a carrier or a group of carriers or warheads by 100%. On the other hand, the use of nuclear weapons over its territory .......
      I remember at the exercises such missiles were designated by the code word Chamomile. The calculation sadly joked, the commander ordered the use of a self-liquidator.
  3. Vladislav
    Vladislav 13 March 2022 06: 26
    0
    Quote: ASAD
    You mean nuclear? I can't confirm I don't know. But in the distant 80s there were such in our air defense unit.

    Yes, nuclear.

    What advantages do they give to the complex?
    Will the complex be effective without SBC?
  4. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 14
    +4
    someone said something like this: you take one paragraph and rearrange the words, you get an article.
  5. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 35
    +6

    KP 9S457M receives radar information, controls the modes of combat operation of the Ginger radar and a multi-channel missile guidance station, recognizes and selects true targets by trajectory signs, automatically distributes targets by air defense systems, and also issues sectors of the Ginger radar to detect ballistic and aeroballistic targets, interfering directions to determine the coordinates of jammers, In the anti-aircraft defense mode, the command post ensures the operation of up to four air defense systems (6 target channels each) to reflect the raid of aerodynamic targets detected by the 9S15M "Obzor-3" all-round radar (up to 200), including including in the conditions of interference, it performs tying and tracking of target routes (up to 70), receiving information about targets from a multi-channel missile guidance station and a higher command post, recognizing target classes (aerodynamic or ballistic), selecting the most dangerous targets for hitting air defense systems.

    The CP provides for the target distribution cycle (three seconds) the issuance of up to 24 target designations (CC) of the air defense system. The average working time of the command post from receiving marks from the targets to issuing the control center when working with a circular view radar (with a review period of 6 seconds) is 17 seconds. When working on the "Lance" BR, the boundaries for issuing the control center are 80-90 km. The average working time of the CP in the PRO mode does not exceed 3 seconds.
  6. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 41
    +6

    The 9S15M "Obzor-3" all-round radar is a three-coordinate coherent-pulse centimeter-wave detection radar with instantaneous frequency agility. The radar has two modes of circular regular airspace surveillance used in detecting aerodynamic targets, as well as ballistic missiles of the 8K14 and XMG types -M52C "Lance". In the first mode, the station's field of view is 45° in elevation, the instrumental detection range is 330 km, and the survey rate is 12 seconds. A fighter is detected with a probability of 0.5 at a distance of 240 km. In the second mode, the station's field of view is 20 ° in elevation, the instrumental range is 150 km, and the survey rate is 6 seconds. In this mode, to detect BR, a program is provided for slowing down the rotation of the antenna in azimuth in the missile defense sector (within 120 °) and increasing the field of view in elevation up to 55 °. In this case, the rate of information update is 9s. In the second mode, the fighter aircraft is reliably detected within the entire instrumental range, and the detection range of the 8K14 type BR is at least 115 km, the XMG-M52C type is at least 95 km. among which there can be up to 250 targets. The root-mean-square errors in determining the coordinates of targets by the station are: in range - no more than 200 m, in elevation - no more than 250 minutes, in azimuth - no more than 35 minutes.
    1. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 13 March 2022 19: 10
      +1
      Quote: Charik
      9C15М "Review-3" circular radar

      I had the honor to serve on it, my dear little darling
      1. Charik
        Charik 13 March 2022 19: 14
        +2
        Does your head hurt? The antenna is not small, it radiates
        1. Thunderbolt
          Thunderbolt 13 March 2022 20: 01
          +2
          there are special armored shutters in the car for combat work. You just close them, thereby cutting off the antenna post from the control room. And you work quietly, or rather the machine itself works. drink with bacon /// we were given sandwiches with bacon and sweet tea at the exits. The foreman of the division personally walked around the positions of the division. Warmly greeted each toast. And we will remove two fighters with thermoses. There was tea in one, and lard in those thermoses in the other.)))
  7. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 43
    +6
    The 9S19M2 "Ginger" programmatic surveillance radar is a three-coordinate centimeter-range coherent-pulse radar with a high energy potential, electronic beam control in two planes and high throughput. Program review radar (PO) "Ginger" (9S19M2) - for detecting warheads of ballistic missiles, SRAM-type aeroballistic missiles and loitering jamming aircraft at ranges up to 100 km; The 9S19M2 radar has several viewing modes.

    The first mode provides detection and tracking of the warhead of the "Pershing" type ballistic missiles. In this mode, the field of view is ±45° in azimuth, 26° - 75° in elevation and 75-175 km in range. In this case, the angle of inclination of the normal to the PAR surface relative to the horizon is 35°. The review time of the specified search sector, taking into account the tracking of two target routes, is 12.5-14 seconds. The maximum number of tracked tracks is 16. Every second, the coordinates and parameters of the target's movement are transmitted to the system's CP.

    The second mode provides detection and tracking of SRAM-type airborne ballistic missiles and cruise missiles with ballistic and aeroballistic launch. The field of view is ±30° in azimuth, 9° - 50° in elevation and 20-175 km in range. Target movement parameters are transmitted to the 9C457 KP with a frequency of 0.5 Hz.

    The third mode performs the detection and tracking of aerodynamic targets, as well as direction finding (if possible, and ranging) of jammers at distances up to 100 km. In this case, the field of view is ±30° in azimuth, 0° - 50° in elevation and 20-175 km in range at an angle of inclination of the PAR normal to the horizon equal to 15°. The viewing direction is set via a telecode communication line with the system CP or the station operator.
  8. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 46
    +5

    The 9S32 multi-channel missile guidance station is capable of simultaneously performing a sector search and tracking up to 12 targets, simultaneously controlling the operation of all launchers and launchers of the complex, transmitting to them the information necessary to launch and target 12 missiles at 6 targets. At the same time, the surface edge is regularly monitored for the timely detection of low-flying targets. when operating in the control mode, it provides detection of fighters at altitudes of more than 5 km at ranges of 150 km, 8K14-type ballistic missiles - 90 km, XMG-M52C "Lance" - 60 km, MGM-31C "Pershing" warhead - 140 km, SRAM-type aviation ballistic missiles - 80 km. From the moment of detection to the moment of transition to automatic tracking of the target with an unambiguous determination of its movement parameters, it takes from 5 seconds ("Pershing" and SRAM) to 11 seconds (the target is a fighter). When operating offline, the multi-channel missile guidance station ensured the detection of fighter aircraft at ranges up to 140 km.
  9. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 52
    +6
    Launcher 9A83 with ZUR 9M83
  10. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 07: 54
    +6
    9A82 launcher with two 9M82M missiles
    1. Asad
      Asad 13 March 2022 08: 40
      +4
      That's who needs to write articles on VO.
      1. Scharnhorst
        Scharnhorst 13 March 2022 09: 12
        -2
        Illustrated junior specialist textbook; now, probably, marked "for official use" ... But! How to understand this frankness - an application for entry as a freelance voluntary member of "MOSSAD"?
      2. Charik
        Charik 13 March 2022 09: 37
        +5
        While I was drinking tea, I threw it with one copy from other sites, cheap and cheerful
  11. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 13 March 2022 11: 41
    +2
    Hmm ... it turns out that the military air defense at the level of the DD air defense system is starting to merge with the air defense of the VKS? First, Kaliningrad, where S-44V300 and S-4 were brought into the 400th air defense division of the Baltic Fleet, now the Kuriles.
    The only question is - who will cover the troops if the military air defense systems went to cover areas and facilities?
  12. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 13 March 2022 11: 44
    +1
    Hmm.
    And once, not so long ago, Cyril wrote very decent articles.
    And now 2 paragraphs of 3 circles ...
    1. Repellent
      Repellent 13 March 2022 11: 47
      0
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      And now 2 paragraphs of 3 circles ...

      Yes, there were a little more paragraphs before.

      Quote: Jacket in stock
      And once, not so long ago, Cyril wrote very decent articles

      Yah? belay
  13. lisikat2
    lisikat2 13 March 2022 14: 57
    0
    * newly formed 38 "if I understand correctly: "again" means the 38th anti-aircraft brigade was already part of the Armed Forces, but then it was reduced?
  14. Charik
    Charik 13 March 2022 19: 20
    +1
    In Yandex, a request for this air defense system pops up an article on VO from 2011, more detailed than this one.
  15. OVZRKKU-1981
    OVZRKKU-1981 16 March 2022 14: 18
    0
    Charik, platoon 242?
  16. Wbond
    Wbond April 20 2022 19: 42
    0
    [quote production and delivery of S-300V4 systems continue and give all the desired results. With their help, military air defense builds up its characteristics and improves all combat capabilities. The positive consequences of these measures - both for the military districts and for national security in general - are obvious.][/quote]

    ... you need to protect your land everywhere and always!
  17. Russian Patriot
    Russian Patriot 31 May 2022 08: 18
    0
    I believe that the equipment of the S-300V4 is due to the fact that the system has a caterpillar mover. On the "beautiful" roads of the Far East, this is a more suitable option than the S-400 wheel drive.