Military Review

February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day

70



Today, February 23, in Russia and some other countries of the post-Soviet space, a truly masculine holiday, "Defender of the Fatherland Day", is celebrated.

However, he did not always bear such a name. Moreover, recently the boundaries that define the heroes of the occasion have been rather “blurred” too. By and large, February 23 today has become a kind of analogue of March 8 only for men.

This I mean that all men celebrate the celebration and receive gifts. Including those who have no idea what "defence of the Fatherland" is.

To figure out what exactly the meaning is in the aforementioned holiday, it is necessary to return to the origins - the time when they first began to celebrate it.

So, according to historical According to data, the origin of the holiday is directly related to the day of the formation of the Red Army in 1918.

True, there is one interesting point here: the date of its occurrence is considered to be January 28, 1918, and for some reason the holiday began to be celebrated on February 23. There was a lot of controversy and discussion about this at one time.

Explaining the situation described above, historians express several versions, two of which will be given below.

According to the first, on February 23, the Red Army heroically defended Petrograd, defeating the Kaiser's troops, which formed the basis of the holiday. True, many experts do not agree with this interpretation, since there are no documents confirming for certain the defeat of the German troops by the Red Army on that day.

The second one looks more believable. In 1919, the People's Commissar of the Ukrainian SSR Nikolai Podvoisky and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee proposed to celebrate the "Day of the Red Army" on January 28. However, the preparations for the celebration dragged on so much that it had to be “thrown” to the next day off, which then fell on February 23.

Be that as it may, until 1946, February 23 was celebrated as the Day of the Red Army. Then this holiday was renamed the "Day of the Soviet Army and Navy".

After the collapse of the USSR, the celebration had to be renamed again. Since 1991, although after another adjustment, we began to celebrate February 23 "Defender of the Fatherland Day".

In general, based on the foregoing, we can conclude that today's celebration concerns only those men who really fulfilled or are fulfilling their duty to protect the Fatherland. To all involved - congratulations!
Author:
Photos used:
russian7.ru
70 comments
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  1. Crowe
    Crowe 23 February 2022 04: 45
    +29
    Happy Holidays, men! I wish everyone!
    1. 210ox
      210ox 23 February 2022 04: 56
      +21
      Happy Holidays to all who served, serve and will serve in the Russian Armed Forces.
      1. Baikonur
        Baikonur 23 February 2022 05: 16
        +19
        Friends, Comrades (those who know me, (remember or not remember) or not friends or comrades, anyway, too - Hello !!!
        (I haven't commented for a long time, but I read)
        Yesterday, 22022022 (more precisely, of course, the day before yesterday (21 (Moscow time)) (so as not to finish ... sb) an EPOCHAL, historically turning point happened. THIS IS NOT JUST a gift for February 23 !!!
        THIS IS WORLD!!! JUSTICE and GOOD (maybe they correctly say that it SHOULD be with the Fists (but, I mean, it is the Good sense of the Word, and not the Anglo-Saxon gangster.cracy)
        Congratulations from the bottom of my heart, Happy Russian Army and Navy Day!
        OUR FISTS ARE KIND, HONEST, ALWAYS READY!
        Donbass! and OUR other regions (type 0, now, "dill", and not only, - in any way - "... will return to the Native Harbor", / Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin / (reph.)
        Hooray!
        1. Mountain shooter
          Mountain shooter 23 February 2022 08: 06
          +3
          Well said.
          I join. This is our holiday!
          All good, health, good luck.
          1. Tatyana
            Tatyana 23 February 2022 08: 18
            +6
            Happy Defender of the Fatherland Day, dear REAL, our male warriors! And women soldiers too!
            Health to all of you, happiness, long life and all prosperity! love



            We are the Army of the Country! We are the People's Army!
            1. Tatyana
              Tatyana 23 February 2022 08: 30
              +9
              Happy Defender of the Fatherland Day, defenders of the LDNR! soldier
              Health to you all, happiness, long life and all prosperity in a peaceful life!l love

              For_Donbas_23_February_Defender_Day!

              Silence broken -
              Greetings from Kiev to the people.
              In the basements of women with children -
              Again the shell burst into the city.
              Power fed by money
              Looks to the West with admiration
              And does not count, laughing,
              Human losses from the militia.

              CHORUS
              For the Donbass!
              Where there is truth, there means Victory!
              As our grandfathers taught our fathers,
              So we will fight for you!
              For the Donbass!
              We are constantly losing.
              Motola and Givi in ​​the sky.
              So we will fight for you.

              Obviously given to serve
              Not scoundrels, not vile cowards
              And they would live more and live!
              God have mercy on sinful souls!
              Land mine melted the silence -
              And the house was lost in pitch dust.
              Today he offered his chest -
              No, not for the order - for the bullet!

              CHORUS
              1. Tatyana
                Tatyana 23 February 2022 08: 52
                +6
                Very Beautiful and Relevant Poem!

                The most formidable weapon of Russia is the Russian Spirit
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. The comment was deleted.
                3. Alena Frolovna
                  Alena Frolovna 23 February 2022 13: 09
                  +5
                  Men! Defenders!
                  Happy Holidays to everyone who took an oath to serve the Fatherland and did not violate it!

                  Maybe someone does not want
                  Remember someone, maybe too lazy!
                  Day of the Soviet Army and Navy!
                  What a day today is!

                  It's not about the now familiar berets,
                  Combat steps in memory
                  Today is the day of those who are after your heart
                  Our all-terrain vehicles are boots!

                  Today is the day of those who, out of habit,
                  With anxiety, he composed his life,
                  Could, until the match burned to the ground,
                  With full gear, stand already in the ranks!

                  Today is the day of those before whom they trembled,
                  All those who are accustomed to retreat,
                  Today is the day of those who won
                  And forever they will win!

                  Those who bequeathed forever to their grandchildren
                  Don't bow your head before trouble
                  Transferred great science
                  To love and protect the motherland!

                  Sailors, pilots and infantry,
                  Put on victorious orders!
                  Day of the Soviet Army and Navy!
                  That's what today, brothers, day!


                  Leonid Yakubovich
          2. AUL
            AUL 23 February 2022 11: 36
            +2
            Quote: Mountain Shooter
            This is our holiday!

            I congratulate all the defenders of the Motherland - former, present and future - on this holiday!
            Private, son of two captains, DMB72.
            1. Alena Frolovna
              Alena Frolovna 23 February 2022 17: 15
              +2
      2. Blacksmith 55
        Blacksmith 55 23 February 2022 08: 41
        +18
        Happy Holidays, Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day.
        Health and success.
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 23 February 2022 06: 42
      +12
      Quote: Crowe
      Happy Holidays, men! I wish everyone!

      Happy holiday to all the soldiers of the Soviet Union, Russia and Donbass, and peace to all of us on Earth.
      1. DymOk_v_dYmke
        DymOk_v_dYmke 23 February 2022 07: 37
        +12
        Quote: tihonmarine
        Happy holiday to all the soldiers of the Soviet Union, Russia and Donbass, and peace to all of us on Earth

        All warriors. Warriors of the USSR - especially.
        And it is warriors, but not any males. drinks
    4. Alien From
      Alien From 23 February 2022 08: 23
      +7
      I join! All health, goodness of the clear sea and peaceful sky hi soldier
    5. Evil543
      Evil543 23 February 2022 09: 19
      +5
      Happy holiday comrades!
  2. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 23 February 2022 04: 46
    +28
    Happy Holidays to us!
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 23 February 2022 07: 00
      +12
      Let me join your words.
      Friends! We all met at VO - different in age, education, social status and political views. But what unites us all is that we served. Served in the most powerful army in the world. In the Soviet army.
      Happy holiday, dear comrades!
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 23 February 2022 13: 40
        +3
        Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day!.
  3. Thrifty
    Thrifty 23 February 2022 04: 50
    +16
    All of us, members of the forum and members of the forum, who served or not, but who are for Russia with their souls, I congratulate you on February 23 !!! Happy Defender of the Fatherland Day !!! All the best to us, long years in life, if only there was no war !!! hi hi soldier drinks drinks
  4. Ermak_Timofeich
    Ermak_Timofeich 23 February 2022 04: 55
    +15
    Happy holiday to us and everyone involved! Today, unfortunately, there are few of them.
  5. Far B
    Far B 23 February 2022 04: 57
    +20
    Happy Day of the Soviet Army and Navy! (Fleet - especially, well, it's purely from me laughing drinks )
  6. andrewkor
    andrewkor 23 February 2022 05: 04
    +14
    As I remember now - a pack of cookies and a mug of cocoa for breakfast on this holiday! 1971-73 Moscow suburbs.
    1. GELEZNII_KAPUT
      GELEZNII_KAPUT 23 February 2022 05: 21
      +11
      Quote: andrewkor
      As I remember now - a pack of cookies and a mug of cocoa for breakfast on this holiday! 1971-73 Moscow suburbs.

      I was born only 2 years later, but we also had this happen in 1993-1994! bully soldier
  7. Dikson
    Dikson 23 February 2022 05: 08
    +10
    Happy holiday, servants! Well, and everyone who gave the debt to the Motherland honestly ..
  8. Retvizan 8
    Retvizan 8 23 February 2022 05: 21
    +12
    Happy Holidays, Brothers!
  9. north 2
    north 2 23 February 2022 05: 25
    +10
    Whose heart is devoted to Russia,
    The hand is firm, the character is cool
    In the evening sky dark blue
    Fireworks for you!

    With all your heart you are for the Fatherland
    Not because they have to.
    I wish you good luck in life
    After all, you are the defenders of the country.
  10. sgr291158
    sgr291158 23 February 2022 05: 33
    +10
    Men, Happy Holidays!
    1. sagitovich
      sagitovich 23 February 2022 06: 01
      +4
      Sorry, damn it, minus
      1. DymOk_v_dYmke
        DymOk_v_dYmke 23 February 2022 07: 51
        +6
        Quote: sagitovich
        Sorry, damn it, minus

        I'll whisper in your ear: if you downvoted by mistake, you can upvote and the change will be accepted. yes
  11. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 23 February 2022 05: 41
    +12
    As I remember myself, they began to congratulate me on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy! And for me, this holiday will remain with that name! And yes, for many of my friends and strangers too! I will definitely raise a full glass today for those who are on duty! And for those who gave their lives for the defense of the Motherland! The rest of those involved with the holiday!
  12. bya965
    bya965 23 February 2022 05: 41
    +11
    February 1917 was an important milestone in the history of the holiday, since February 23 (March 8), 1917 was marked by a revolutionary explosion that marked the beginning of the February Revolution
    ...
    In 1921, by decision of the 2nd Communist Women's Conference, it was decided to celebrate International Women's Day on March 8 in memory of the participation of women in the Petrograd demonstration on February 23 (March 8), 1917, which was one of the events that preceded the February Revolution, which resulted in overthrown monarchy

    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Международный_женский_день

    But we are not Ukrainians, we will not demolish the monuments, so Happy Holidays!!!
    And you need to know the history, here it is very muddy with dates. But we do not care, the main thing is what meaning we put in.

    Happy Red Army Day, Soviet Army Day, Defender of the Fatherland Day!
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 23 February 2022 06: 53
      +10
      Quote: bya965
      But we are not Ukrainians, we will not demolish the monuments, so Happy Holidays!!!

      But I still want to congratulate the Ukrainians on the day of the SOVIET army and navy, those who were faithful and remained faithful to the country of the USSR. You deserve congratulations too.
  13. VLR
    VLR 23 February 2022 05: 47
    +12
    I congratulate everyone and wish all of us a speedy, prosperous and dignified resolution of the situation in Donbass. I hope that they will write about the actions of our soldiers there, as an example of a successful operation in military textbooks

  14. sagitovich
    sagitovich 23 February 2022 05: 59
    +5
    Author, why did you mention that the proposal to celebrate the day of the "Red Army" came from the Ukrainian Commissar, now the potheads will begin to spoil the festive mood.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 23 February 2022 07: 02
      +5
      Quote: sagitovich
      Why did you mention that the proposal to celebrate the day of the "Red Army" came from the Ukrainian Commissar


      Let them not rejoice?
      Podvoisky - Chairman of the Higher Military Inspectorate; member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the RSFSR: at the same time - People's Commissar of the Ukrainian SSR.
  15. Zomanus
    Zomanus 23 February 2022 05: 59
    +10
    All involved with the holiday.
  16. Korsar4
    Korsar4 23 February 2022 06: 27
    +8
    Happy Holidays! Health and good luck!
  17. BARKAS
    BARKAS 23 February 2022 06: 38
    +11
    Happy Holidays to all of you and your loved ones.
  18. Vasily Onischuk
    Vasily Onischuk 23 February 2022 06: 42
    +8
    Happy Holidays, Defenders. Both serving and current. especially acting ones!
  19. Kesha1980
    Kesha1980 23 February 2022 06: 44
    +8
    Well, for boots! Let's be healthy!
  20. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 23 February 2022 06: 46
    +14
    Congratulations to veterans and colleagues on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy!
    Those who served later and are serving today - Happy Defender of the Fatherland Day!
  21. Snarkxnumx
    Snarkxnumx 23 February 2022 06: 49
    +10
    Happy holiday men!
  22. Tusv
    Tusv 23 February 2022 06: 55
    +9
    As a malicious air defense shnik, I say. Those who answer the request are friends drinks Happy holiday comrades
  23. Van 16
    Van 16 23 February 2022 06: 57
    +9
    Happy holiday! Hooray!
  24. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 23 February 2022 07: 02
    +8
    February 23 was the Day of the Red Army.
    hi hi Happy Red Army Day! Glory to the saviors of the Fatherland from the German barbarians! Hello bakers. repeat WIKI:
    On February 9, Mikhail Prishvin wrote in his diary about conversations on Nevsky Prospekt: ​​“Today they say about the Germans that the Germans will come to Petrograd soon, in two weeks. Popik, without hiding, joyfully says: It will end before spring. They answer him: Of course, it is necessary before spring: otherwise the land will not be seeded, the last grain is chosen. Weakly object: Do you think the Germans will not take grain for themselves? They answer with conviction: They will take the profits, they will arrange us, it will be good for us and they will earn for themselves, that's nothing.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 23 February 2022 10: 24
      +1
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      They will take the profits, they will arrange us, it will be good for us and they will earn for themselves, this is nothing.

      And now they haven't changed. They have always been - "Mazepas and Judas Golovlevs."
  25. Fantazer911
    Fantazer911 23 February 2022 07: 40
    +8
    Happy holiday everyone! Peace, to every home, peace to our fatherland!
  26. your vsr 66-67
    your vsr 66-67 23 February 2022 07: 43
    +7
    It doesn't matter what it's called now! Those who stood in defense of our Motherland understand this holiday as a holiday of men with
    weapons in hand!
    All real men Happy Holidays!!!
  27. Serg65
    Serg65 23 February 2022 07: 56
    +8
    Happy Holidays!! Acting good luck! Good luck to you in our time will not hurt! Retired health!!! To the storekeepers, so that this crazy world does not slide into war !!!! happy holiday drinks soldier
  28. sniperino
    sniperino 23 February 2022 08: 26
    +6
    Happy holiday, indestructible and legendary!
  29. K-50
    K-50 23 February 2022 08: 53
    +4
    Happy Holidays to all those who served, employees, workers of defense enterprises, Defenders of the Fatherland !!!
  30. faiver
    faiver 23 February 2022 09: 00
    +4
    Happy holiday, defenders of the fatherland drinks
  31. ODERVIT
    ODERVIT 23 February 2022 09: 21
    +4
    Happy Defender of the Fatherland!!!
  32. Nikolay Sayenko
    Nikolay Sayenko 23 February 2022 09: 54
    +4
    Servicemen, with the HOLIDAY! Well, for that - whatever! fellow
  33. The comment was deleted.
  34. Emergency
    Emergency 23 February 2022 10: 41
    +6
    Happy holiday comrades, happy holiday!!!
  35. tank64rus
    tank64rus 23 February 2022 11: 04
    +8
    Let's drink to our mighty Army! Let's drink to the Valiant Fleet! Let's drink to the Motherland, let's drink to Stalin! Let's drink and drink again!
  36. Vladimir Sergeev
    Vladimir Sergeev 23 February 2022 11: 05
    +8
    Congratulations to all on the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy.
  37. saygon66
    saygon66 23 February 2022 11: 18
    +8
    - Comrade soldiers and sailors, sergeants and foremen, ensigns and midshipmen, officers!
  38. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 23 February 2022 12: 12
    +7
    Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day!!!


  39. hohol95
    hohol95 23 February 2022 12: 26
    0
    Dear Author!
    Contact the Ministry of Education with a proposal to ban the congratulations of male schoolchildren on the "Defender of the Fatherland Day"!
    They did not serve in the ranks of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation!
    And many will not serve - for medical or other reasons!
    And let the money not spent by the Parents' Committees be spent on gifts for girls on March 8 or repairs of classrooms!
  40. xomaNN
    xomaNN 23 February 2022 13: 17
    0
    [Center]
    Happy Holidays, men! Especially naval hi
  41. The comment was deleted.
  42. p0pulivox
    p0pulivox 23 February 2022 14: 08
    +4
    Happy Day of the Red Army / Soviet Army and Navy to everyone involved !!!
    1. Baikonur
      Baikonur 23 February 2022 22: 35
      +2
      Happy Day of the Red Army / Soviet Army and Navy to everyone involved !!!

      1.
      - RUSSIAN armies and RUSSIAN navy!!!!!
      IS ALWAYS.
      (Soviet - too!)
  43. Flashpoint
    Flashpoint 23 February 2022 14: 17
    +2
    All the holiday!
    Victory, health, new achievements and good luck!
  44. krjugerfred
    krjugerfred 23 February 2022 14: 34
    +5
    Happy Soviet Army and Navy Day!!!?
    Hooray comrades!

  45. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 23 February 2022 15: 09
    +3
    Happy Defenders of the Fatherland Day!!!
    All those who endured the hardships of military service on their shoulders,
    men, and, women, privates, and, generals.

    I learned to live by the age of forty ...
  46. already a Muscovite
    already a Muscovite 23 February 2022 15: 22
    +3
    February 23 is the birthday of the Red Army.

    On February 23, 1918, the appeal of the Council of People's Commissars of February 21 “The socialist fatherland is in danger!” Was published, as well as the “Appeal of the military commander-in-chief” Nikolai Krylenko, which ended with the words: “<…> All to arms. All in defense of the revolution. The general mobilization for digging trenches and the expulsion of trench detachments is entrusted to the soviets, with the appointment of responsible commissars with unlimited powers for each detachment. This order is sent as an instruction to all councils in all cities.
    On February 23, mass rallies were held in large cities, on this day the mass registration of volunteers for the Red Army began, and on February 25, the first Red Army detachments went to the front.

    On January 27, 1922, when the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee of the RSFSR published a resolution on the fourth anniversary of the Red Army, which stated: "In accordance with the resolution of the IX All-Russian Congress of Soviets on the Red Army, the Presidium of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee draws the attention of the executive committees to the upcoming anniversary of the creation of the Red Army (February 23)"
  47. Radikal
    Radikal 23 February 2022 16: 34
    +2
    In general, based on the foregoing, we can conclude that today's celebration concerns only those men who really fulfilled or are fulfilling their duty to protect the Fatherland. To all involved - congratulations!
    Strange, or shall we say - a curious conclusion... . winked
  48. d ^ Amir
    d ^ Amir 23 February 2022 19: 43
    +2
    With a holiday dear soforumchane!!!!
  49. Ruslan67
    Ruslan67 23 February 2022 21: 12
    +1
    Happy Holidays! soldier drinks
    Only this holiday
    - "With tears in our eyes" Let's remember my friend and brother Azir Sadigov (Apollo), who would have turned today .... 55 Eternal memory to a Friend from all my family hi soldier whom he knew personally.
  50. The comment was deleted.