Military Review

Caribs. Almost free, almost American

40
Caribs. Almost free, almost American

No answer - there is an answer



Despite the response to global security proposals that has already taken place, the situation with Russia's negotiations with NATO and the United States is actually a dead end. The Western alliance is increasingly unceremoniously settling in close to Russia's borders from the Barents to the Black Sea, inclusive.

This forces the Russian side to prepare an adequate response, including to the active approach of the American missile attack. weapons to the borders of Russia. In this regard, it is not ruled out that the military infrastructure of the Russian Federation may be deployed in Venezuela and Cuba, which are friendly to Russia (see below). Cuba - the island of freedom on the "red lines").

And according to Boris Martynov, head of the MGIMO department of international relations and foreign policy, the same can be done in Nicaragua, whose friendly relations with Russia (as well as with Cuba and Venezuela) have long caused, literally, gnashing of teeth in Washington.

“These are all those countries,” B. Martynov clarifies, “that are more or less close to our principles and share the main provisions of our foreign policy.” Including, this is Nicaragua, "which also has a long история confrontation with the USA. Of course, it’s just boiling over, and not only in Russia.”

At the same time, the recent introduction by Washington of new political and economic sanctions against Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua again confirms that the United States is stepping up its blocking of countries that are friendly to Russia and hinder American hegemony in the Caribbean-Central American region. Moreover, the colonial territories of Washington are preserved in this region.

Guantanamo base - no statute of limitations


"Military Review" has repeatedly informed about the situation with the American military base in the area adjacent to the city of Guantanamo (about 150 sq. Km), occupied by the United States, in the southeast of Cuba (Money and freedom). The terms of its American lease have long expired, and the Cuban authorities have not recognized the legitimacy of this base for just as long.

As well as the US occupation of the area nearby. Moreover, for 20 years now, the largest foreign prison in the United States has been located here, intended mainly for political opponents of Washington from anywhere. But the American side invariably prevents the discussion of these issues in the UN.

Suffice it to say that the US-occupied area of ​​Guantanamo still remains off the UN list of colonial/non-self-governing territories. Although US President Joe Biden said in February 2021 that his administration "will return to consider closing the prison in Guantanamo Bay».


This is in line with a promise made by former Democratic President Barack Obama (Biden was vice president at the time). But the specific terms for resolving this issue by Washington have not yet been designated. Then, we are not talking about the closure of the military base in Guantanamo, nor about the return of this area to Cuban jurisdiction.

Without Puerto Rico Virgins are not needed ...


The US presence in the region is by no means limited to the Guantanamo base. Washington still possesses in the same region: since 1899 - the island of Puerto Rico (about 10 thousand square kilometers) in the status of a protectorate - “State freely affiliated with the United States»; since 1917 - the Western Virgin Islands, since 1857 - the island of Navassa, torn away from the Republic of Haiti.

According to the resolution of the UN General Assembly on February 6, 2017,

“The United States Virgin Islands is a Non-Self-Governing Territory. The United States Virgin Islands, an unincorporated territory of the United States, is administered by the Office of Insular Affairs of the United States Department of the Interior."

It is also noted there, with reference to the position of the US State Department and the US Department of the Interior, that

"Only the Congress of the United States has broad authority to repeal and enact necessary rules and regulations with respect to the territories of the United States."

However, the same resolution calls on Washington to organize the free expression of the will of the population of these islands on the question of their future status. But, as they say, things are still there ...

With regard to Puerto Rico, on June 18, 2018, the UN Special Committee on Decolonization, in its resolution, supported the right of the people of Puerto Rico to self-determination and independence. Having recommended to the UN General Assembly

"comprehensively study the question of Puerto Rico in all its aspects and take a decision on it as soon as possible."

For more details, this document notes

"the inalienable right of the Puerto Rican people to self-determination and independence, which is supported by prominent figures, governments and political forces of Latin American countries."

The people of Puerto Rico

"is a Latin American and Caribbean nation with a distinct national identity."

In this regard, Washington

"recommended to expedite a process that will enable the people of Puerto Rico to fully exercise their right to self-determination, respect fundamental human rights, and expedite the clearance and decontamination of areas formerly used for military exercises." It also expressed "serious concern about the actions being taken against the Puerto Rican independence fighters."


UN Security Council not needed


The UN General Assembly adopted a similar resolution on July 9, 2010. But it's also in vain... Washington's position is understandable. According to Professor Russell Shimmer, an expert at Yale University in the USA,

“Puerto Rico is one of the oldest colonies in the world. When the US annexed the colony from Spain in 1898, the production of sugar cane, coffee and tobacco became a highly profitable plantation system.”

According to the same data, as well as according to data (2020) of the Puerto Rican bloc "For Independence" ("Independence Party", "Workers' National Party", "Communist Party", "Union for Sovereignty"), up to 75-80% of the total of the Puerto Rican population consider themselves Hispanic, and at least a third of them are supporters of the independence of Puerto Rico.

But its most active supporters are persecuted or expelled from the island, and the results of the relevant referendums on the status of the island are rigged. Despite repeated appeals by the aforementioned Puerto Rican bloc to the UN with requests to consider the facts of falsification of the results of these referendums, the US delegation manages to block these appeals.

Meanwhile, the US monopolies tenaciously hold the economy of Puerto Rico in their hands: high-capacity petrochemical, instrument-making, agro-industrial complexes, and shipbuilding facilities have long been operating here.

According to the estimates of the UN Industrial Development Organization, the annual profits of these monopolies in these industries in Puerto Rico are at least twice as high as in the United States itself - due to less - by about a quarter - wages in "freely affiliated with the United States».

And, for example, in the sugar, fish, textile and citrus industries, working there on local raw materials, wages are lower than in the United States by almost a third (see, for example, UNIDO-Economic and Social Council UN, “Labor segregation in Non-Self-Governing Territories, New York, 2018).

Not just a business


However, it's not just about Puerto Rico's perpetual economic benefits for the US. According to reports, at least 20% of the territory of Puerto Rico actually belongs to the Pentagon and the CIA with their facilities there. And the adjacent islands of Vieques, Culebra and Mona (administratively part of Puerto Rico) are important centers of electronic espionage by the US intelligence services.

There were also located - they are partially preserved - storage facilities for spent military materials and even depleted uranium.

The population of these islands protested more than once against those storage facilities, but this ended in repressions and evictions from the islands. The most active protesters are being evicted - with a house arrest order - to the territory of the United States, moreover, to the "deep" states.

And the US-owned Western Virgin Islands (about 370 square kilometers) are located about 50 miles from Puerto Rico.

West Virginia began to belong to the United States in the spring of 1917: Washington bought these islands from Denmark for only 25 million dollars, threatening Copenhagen with the seizure of Greenland and (Danish until 1944) Iceland. The possession of the same Virginia allows you to control maritime cargo transit in at least half of the Caribbean Sea.

US Virginia also hosts US military installations; Since 1966, a high-capacity oil refinery complex, controlled by US companies, has been operating there. Note that the cost of oil refining here is lower than in the United States, due to the relatively low wages of workers and employees at this complex, and American state subsidies for oil supplies to the same complex. An oil product pipeline has been operating between West Virginia and Puerto Rico since the mid-90s.

Small island, but expensive


It is also characteristic that the United States has not returned the miniature island of Navassa (only 140 square kilometers) to the Republic of Haiti for over 6 years: Port-au-Prince has been making this demand since 1874. And the island was captured under the pretext of ... the presence there of supposedly large reserves of organic fertilizer "guano". Moreover: for the sake of annexing this strategic island in 1856, a special law “On Guano” was adopted in the United States ...

Port-au-Prince is needed by the United States, because it is located in a strategically important triangle: the American military base in Guantanamo Bay in the southeast of Cuba - Haiti - Jamaica. In addition, Navassa is in the northernmost and shortest strait between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic. Meanwhile, Port-au-Prince's long-standing requests to the UN, supported by Cuba and all other countries in the region, to discuss the Navassa issue are being blocked by Washington.

We also recall that in the 1870s and early 1900s, the United States obtained from Honduras and Nicaragua the lease of the Central Caribbean islands of Swan and Mais. The local US military and intelligence facilities have become an addition to those in Puerto Rico and Virginia. After the Cuban revolution (1959), the significance of Swan and Mais increased all the more for the United States.

But the authorities of Honduras and Nicaragua, blackmailing Americans from the second half of the 60s with a "repeat" of that revolution in their country, did achieve from Washington in 1969-1971. early return of the same islands to these countries. With the subsequent evacuation of Pentagon and CIA facilities from Mais (mainly to Puerto Rico and Virginia). But the meteorological and navigational stations of the United States remain on Swan.

One can also recall the Panama Canal and the areas of Panama adjacent to it (1500 sq. km): they were controlled by the United States until the late 1990s, although with the formal participation of Panama in 1979-1999. So the United States, by tightening the blockade of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, all the more will not "give up" the Caribbean...
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  1. yuriy55
    yuriy55 3 February 2022 11: 11
    +6
    The author once again confirmed the position that force rules in the world (capitalism), and all provisions and conventions are for the weak. Having allies is also important.
    1. Detnix
      Detnix 3 February 2022 11: 29
      +4
      Force rules in any world from time immemorial, socialist China attacked socialist Vietnam, but got it in the teeth.)) Stop thinking in primitive categories!
      1. yuriy55
        yuriy55 3 February 2022 11: 42
        0
        Quote: Detnix
        Stop thinking in primitive terms!

        It is primitive to compare the morality of bourgeois (capitalist) society with socialist morality.
        It is primitive to compare the socialism of Vietnam and China ...
        This effort (the military force of the USSR) helped Cuba gain independence. Note that the USSR did not occupy the Cuban territories.
        This effort (the military strength of the USSR) helped Vietnam maintain its independence from American aggression.
        Only the weak positions of Russia (after the criminal collapse of the USSR) allowed NATO troops to approach its borders.
        In the Soviet Union, I was given a decent education so that I would not think plainly. And I learned the truisms pretty early...
        1. Detnix
          Detnix 3 February 2022 12: 19
          -4
          From the Soviet Union, you took out only stamps about capitalism, socialism, and so on, and you will die with them. It's not education, it's brainwashing!
          1. Alex Nevs
            Alex Nevs 3 February 2022 18: 24
            +3
            Brainwashing is the destruction and destruction of states (robbery, etc.) ... I hope your education will allow you to list them to yourself.
        2. Kaufman
          Kaufman 3 February 2022 12: 47
          +1
          How much can you talk about the USSR?! This state is an outbreak on the scale of history. And he has been gone for a long time. And his power was from the mid-40s to the early 80s. What a 40 years! Only. The modern history of Russia already has comparable periods, but everything is there! Here is the USSR, the USSR!!!
          Excellent education. As if there were no problems. as if the USSR did not lose the cold war.
          1. Alex Nevs
            Alex Nevs 3 February 2022 18: 26
            +1
            You don't see the "gopher" ..... But he is "incognito". Otherwise, the Exceptional will tear the "scattered trifle" into small pieces and tear it apart.
          2. Dimonst
            Dimonst 4 February 2022 01: 53
            +2
            I agree with you, BUT, the USSR proved to the whole world in all spheres the advantage of socialism in comparison with capitalism. Well, then IMHO - capitalism took its toll (which, by the way, they initially fought with) ...
            1. Kaufman
              Kaufman 4 February 2022 06: 26
              -5
              The USSR unfortunately demonstrated not viability ..
        3. evgen1221
          evgen1221 3 February 2022 12: 54
          +1
          Not occupied, but maybe even so it was necessary?
        4. VSO-396
          VSO-396 3 February 2022 21: 10
          -5
          Yuri, Cuba has been independent since 1898. And it was the Americans who helped it become independent.
          1. Dimonst
            Dimonst 4 February 2022 01: 11
            +2
            Everything is a little different there. I have been to Cuba several times. To a direct question about Guantanamo, the Cubans refer to an agreement 300 hundred years ago, according to which this territory is leased for 500 (!!!) years (if my memory serves me right) for 50 (or 000 I don’t remember) - the money was at the time of the conclusion of the contract. Well, when discussing this issue with the Americans, British and Canadians (!!!), the Americans begin to cry about Alaska and Crimea (which they a la once bought out there, and they have already been thrown 500 times). People were serious from all sides, but in the end, as always, the American said the wrong thing and at 000 in the morning he got on the scoreboard, as he deserved, when he switched the topic to Afghanistan, with insanely loud approval from opponents and the local (!!!) attendant personnel. Z.Y. This is how you need to manage if the British hate you, I'm not talking about Canada - they just stop saying hello to you if you told them that they and the Americans are at the same time (Ukrainians do not count) ..
          2. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 4 February 2022 08: 23
            +2
            Cuba has been independent since 1898. And it was the Americans who helped it become independent.
            Well, yes, they helped get rid of Spain. And in 1959, for some reason, the Cubans decided to get rid of the Americans.
      2. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 3 February 2022 17: 44
        +2
        Stop thinking in primitive terms!

        Socialist China attacked Socialist Vietnam

        Quite right, enough of the primitive, such as socialist China and socialist Vietnam. At that time (1978-79), the Pol Potites generally lost their shores and brazenly climbed into Vietnam, approximately like the Sumerians into the Donbass. And when the Vietnamese got tired of it, they put the Pol Potites in their place, but the Chinese intervened. However, they screwed up.
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 3 February 2022 12: 12
      0
      about the tropics - JLondon wrote about his travels in the Pacific and so on ....
      here are the origins of such a policy
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 3 February 2022 11: 19
    +5
    So the United States, by tightening the blockade of Cuba, Nicaragua and Venezuela, all the more will not "give up" the Caribbean
    . The right of the strong and they do not care about all sorts of international laws and everything else.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 3 February 2022 11: 39
      +4
      Quote: rocket757
      The right of the strong and they do not care about all sorts of international laws and everything else.

      States always say, "We are the law - the USA !!!" What kind of law can lawlessness speak of.
      Comrade Stalin said - "Democracy is the power of the people," to which Comrade Roosevelt corrected him - "Democracy comes from the power of the American people." And now, all of Europe and a dozen more forced limitrophes are experiencing this power on themselves.
      1. Azim77
        Azim77 3 February 2022 12: 16
        +3
        Quote: tihonmarine
        "Democracy comes from the rule of the American people"

        Not exactly people. In reality, there are also normal people there who understand that nothing depends on their choice and that all the wars and lawlessness are made by a bunch of bourgeois, through their appointed politicians.

        Here are some quotes from common people in the US:

        “Why shouldn’t Ukraine send soldiers to protect our (American) border with Mexico?” asked David Anderson, RIA Novosti reports.

        "Classic of the genre: ratings are falling, the agenda has collapsed below the plinth, the elections do not bode well - let's start a war game," said REED RIDS.

        “The White House has already even got a whole dog, and then a cat, just to raise its ratings. Did not help. So now a foreign adventure is inevitable,” supported the previous commentator ROBERT STUPP.

        “America just doesn't learn from the mistakes of history. So I am doomed to repeat them again and again, ”stated Lyndon Bradish.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 3 February 2022 12: 28
          +1
          Quote: Azim77
          Not exactly people. In reality, there are also normal people who understand

          I do not argue, but I also know that not everyone thinks so, but against the words of Comrade Roosevelt, I have no right to say anything, he is Roosevelt, not Biden, and even more so not Obama.
      2. rocket757
        rocket757 3 February 2022 12: 38
        +1
        So nothing new ... the information component has become much larger, progress.
      3. Kaufman
        Kaufman 3 February 2022 12: 58
        +5
        One remarkable fact always surprises me - why do the "bonded" have such a high standard of living? I'm talking about ordinary people, hard workers, businessmen, peasants, pensioners? Why?
        How did the FRG for a couple of 10 years after the defeat of Nazi Germany overtook both the GDR and the USSR in terms of living standards, but what about South and North Korea ??
        Why Canada, USA, New Zealand, Australia, England countries where they speak English give their citizens such a high standard of living?
        Why do our compatriots, if possible, emigrate to the US and Canada? And they don’t arrange destructive 5 columns there?
        Why are Russian-speaking countries, former brothers in the USSR, so eager to get rid of the Russian past?
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 3 February 2022 17: 47
          +2
          How the FRG overtook both the GDR and the USSR in terms of living standards in a couple of 10 years after the defeat of Nazi Germany,
          Have you heard of the Marshall Plan? Check it out.
          1. Dimonst
            Dimonst 4 February 2022 02: 25
            0
            By the way, yes. I have a friend, a very famous journalist in Russia. When I argued with him about 15 years ago about geopolitics, he gave me a lot of literature on this subject. But now, alas, he is not in respect, to put it mildly. Although the guy is a patriot of Russia. Z.Y. I go into my daughter's room on Saturday - Kissinger's Talmud is on the table. I took it easily, even positively, but I told her - read it, give it to me))) Then I'll tell you request
        2. Alex Nevs
          Alex Nevs 3 February 2022 18: 28
          0
          And you see only the tip of the iceberg ... But if your knowledge allows you to look below, it will be several times! cooler.
        3. Dude
          Dude 5 February 2022 01: 16
          0
          One remarkable fact always surprises me - why do the "bonded" have such a high standard of living? I'm talking about ordinary people, hard workers, businessmen, peasants, pensioners? Why?
          Well, if you rob half the world, in the best traditions of neo-colonialism, then you can pour a little for your hard workers "out of generosity" ...
          Why Canada, USA, New Zealand, Australia, England countries where speak English

          Oh, how well you licked! So deep! wink
          Do not erase your tongue, by chance winked
  3. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 3 February 2022 11: 32
    -2
    "the inalienable right of the Puerto Rican people to self-determination and independence, which is supported by prominent figures, governments and political forces of Latin American countries."

    The United States does not see this and does not want to see it, but they constantly shout that they do not recognize Crimea, Lao PDR, South Ossetia, the Transnistrian Republic, but they recognize Kosovo.
    And after that, the last slave-owning country can say something about "democracy and freedom."
    1. Alex Nevs
      Alex Nevs 3 February 2022 18: 30
      0
      Come on, only torn Yugoslavia ... And how many destroyed states and dead civilians?
    2. VSO-396
      VSO-396 3 February 2022 21: 25
      -1
      The impression that you continue to read the newspaper "Pravda". No matter how many Puerto Ricans I met, it never occurred to anyone to talk about independence. Puerto Rico is a subsidized country, independent, it will quickly slide down to the level of Haiti.
      1. Dimonst
        Dimonst 4 February 2022 02: 35
        +2
        Let's talk about Haiti bully laughing laughing laughing
  4. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 3 February 2022 11: 36
    +4
    In 2008, the US Supreme Court ruled that "as a practical matter, Guantanamo Bay is not a foreign country." And the decisions of the Supreme Court in the United States are respected, but the UN recommendatory resolutions are not. Five years ago, a referendum was held in Puerto Rico, where the question was whether the locals want their beloved country to join the United States as the 51st state, almost 97% of all voters answered YES. True, only 23% of the country's population came to the referendum, but it makes no sense for the United States to annex Puerto Rico. Another burden will fall on the country's economy, with a population of 3 people. And in the current unstable economic period, the States simply cannot afford it. They are satisfied with the status quo.
    1. zlinn
      zlinn 3 February 2022 14: 00
      +12
      and most importantly, this situation suits Puerto Ricans themselves very much, being US citizens they do not pay income tax, and despite lower salaries they live very well, because they can easily move to the mainland and earn money on the mainland, and many do, but not all. and this means that they are well fed there, the current state of affairs does not suit only some Puerto Rican elites, so they raise a storm, but ordinary Puerto Ricans by and large do not care about this
  5. Basarev
    Basarev 3 February 2022 11: 40
    +7
    This is a normal foreign policy worthy of a superpower. A beggarly trifle The states are not decreed. And in Russia, everything is reversed - we shower the small fry with benefits at the expense of the Russian regions, we forgive any tricks ... The result is on the face.
    1. Detnix
      Detnix 3 February 2022 12: 21
      +1
      Exactly, and you should not always whine that they are bad!
  6. Orsis338
    Orsis338 3 February 2022 13: 42
    +13
    Author. Puerto Rico suffers so much from the US colonial oppression that it has repeatedly organized a referendum on joining the US as a state. They don't take everything
    1. zlinn
      zlinn 3 February 2022 14: 04
      +2
      there is a very low turnout in these referendums, the majority of the population is quite satisfied with the status quo, and they generally do not care if they become a state or not
  7. RUSS
    RUSS 3 February 2022 16: 39
    +1
    Guantanamo, by the way, was not occupied by the United States, but leased in 1903.
    And for Puerto Rico, on November 7, 2012, the citizens of Puerto Rico voted in a referendum to join the United States as the 51st state. On June 11, 2017, Puerto Ricans voted in a political status referendum for joining the United States as the 51st state, but the United States does not need them)))
  8. Vintorez
    Vintorez 3 February 2022 16: 58
    -1
    Cuba will also look at Russia and slowly and confidently go to the United States. Moreover, the United States knows how to interest, including liver. Russia has nothing to offer these countries except for the deployment of missiles, and they do not need it.
    1. Dimonst
      Dimonst 4 February 2022 02: 43
      0
      This will not happen. Their mentality is incomprehensible to me personally. Half the country (who studied with us, etc.) is against America, half the country (whose half of the family lives in the southern states) is like For. But among themselves they are one nation. They don't have AT ALL racism, even though my comrade (military fraternity) is already blue laughing , but Creoles and white Cubans do not notice this at all. I am not a racist and I absolutely do not care about skin color, but I have only seen such absolutely perfect equality in Cuba. Z.Y. In a cabaret in Havana, my wife and I were seated at a nearby table with an American attache - so think about the attitude of Cubans towards us.
  9. p0pulivox
    p0pulivox 3 February 2022 20: 09
    -1
    This forces the Russian side to prepare an adequate response, including to the active approach of American missile weapons to the borders of Russia. In this regard, it cannot be ruled out that Russia's military infrastructure can be deployed in Russia-friendly Venezuela and Cuba (see Cuba - the island of freedom on the "red lines").
    And according to Boris Martynov, head of the department of international relations and foreign policy at MGIMO, the same can be done in Nicaragua, whose friendly relations with Russia (as well as with Cuba and Venezuela) have long caused, literally, gnashing of teeth in Washington.
    Shaw, again and after an official denial by the deputy chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation ??? lol
  10. Maks1995
    Maks1995 3 February 2022 22: 03
    0
    All true.
    why would someone give away profitable islands.
    And any self-determination ... - this is when it is beneficial.

    It is profitable for us in the LDNR, but not in Chechnya. And everyone remembers how it was ....
    And the Americans are not fools, to give someone a Tokyo city, as in the photo ...