Military Review

Foreign weapons for Ukraine: for defense or offensive

45
Foreign weapons for Ukraine: for defense or offensive

British NLAW grenade launchers for Ukraine. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine


Ukraine is again preparing to repel "Russian aggression" and is counting on the help of friendly foreign countries. In recent days, such assistance has again acquired a real form. Several batches of various weapons were handed over to the Ukrainian side, and issues of new deliveries are being resolved. How these processes will affect the combat capability of the Ukrainian army and its plans is a big question.

special cargo


In recent years, Ukraine has repeatedly received foreign-made weapons and ammunition, both as part of purchases and as foreign aid. The latest shipments of this kind began a few days ago and are now seen as a way to urgently prepare for the expected Russian attack.

First delivery weapons this time carried out by Great Britain. Since January 17, she sent a large batch of NLAW anti-tank grenade launchers to Ukraine. The exact number of such weapons is not reported; the British side talks about thousands of products. For their transportation, several sorties of military transport aircraft were required.

On January 22 and 23, the United States sent its assistance to Ukrainian partners. By air, approx. 170 tons of various ammunition and weapons. The composition of such a cargo included at least a hundred FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank missile systems. In addition, an unnamed number of M141 BDM "assault" grenade launchers were delivered.

It is reported that this delivery is the first under the new plan of military-technical assistance from the United States. This document was approved in December last year and provides for the transfer of weapons, various means and products worth $ 200 million. Only a part of this amount was spent on the first 90 tons of weapons, and new batches will be transferred in the near future.


M141 products in the American warehouse. Photo by the US Department of Defense

Several foreign states expressed their willingness to help Ukraine. Accordingly, at any time there may be messages about the arrival of regular aircraft with one or another cargo. It is very likely that we will again talk about weapons for defensive purposes - to protect against the notorious Russian aggression.

Plans and problems


The United Kingdom and the United States have already sent real military products to Ukraine. Several other countries are ready to provide such assistance, but real steps of this kind are still being postponed for various reasons. It is not known how soon these issues will be resolved and deliveries will be established.

Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are ready to provide military-technical assistance to Ukraine. At the end of last year, they spoke about the fundamental possibility of transferring anti-tank and artillery systems. However, such supplies must be coordinated with third countries. Thus, Javelin anti-tank systems were purchased in the United States, and the American side must allow their re-export to Ukraine. Estonia bought its 122-mm howitzers from Finland, which in turn bought them from Germany. The further fate of the guns must now be decided with the participation of these two countries.

The issue of re-export of American weapons can be resolved in the near future. The American press writes that Washington will allow its allies to help Ukraine by supplying weapons from the warehouses of its armies. So, Estonia will be able to send FGM-148 ATGMs to the Ukrainian army, and Lithuania will be allowed to transfer FIM-92 Stinger anti-aircraft systems.

The Czech Republic expressed its readiness to help Ukraine. However, for this it is necessary to determine the needs of the Ukrainian side and the Czech possibilities. In addition, deliveries must be coordinated within the framework of international organizations. How soon this will happen and what results it will give is unclear.


Unloading American weapons in Ukraine. Photo of the US Embassy in Ukraine

Ukraine would like to receive German-made military products, but this will not happen. The German leadership recalled that for a long time it adhered to a policy of refusing to export lethal weapons. Kiev will not be supplied with weapons. At the same time, the German side is ready to contribute to the political resolution of the current situation.

New lend-lease


In the United States, it is proposed to use a new way to help Ukrainian partners. A few days ago, senators from both parties introduced a bill on the resumption of the practice of Lend-Lease. It is proposed to conclude a special agreement with Ukraine, which will allow more quickly and without bureaucratic delays to transfer to it the necessary products "to protect the civilian population from Russian invasion."

The authors of the draft note that the current US legislation allows the President to transfer defensive means to allies for temporary use. However, there are various restrictions and procedures that delay the provision of such assistance. Due to the new bill, it is planned to optimize these processes, and without serious changes in other laws.

The lend-lease bill will have to go through all the stages of consideration and obtain the necessary approval, which takes some time. How long all these processes will continue and what they will lead to is unknown. It is very likely that the new principles of aid will be adopted and will produce real results in the foreseeable future.

Defensive and more


Against the backdrop of another escalation, a new stage in the supply of military products to Ukraine began. An approximate list of transferred items and weapons planned for transfer is already known. This information allows you to make some assumptions about the opportunities and benefits received. In addition, one can imagine how such opportunities will be used by Kiev.

It is easy to see that a significant part of the latest deliveries were anti-tank systems of various types. Thanks to this, Ukraine and foreign countries get the opportunity to talk about the supply of defensive weapons, suitable only for defense against attack. In addition, such deliveries look favorably against the background News about the concentration of "aggressive" Russian armored vehicles on the borders.


New weapons from the USA. Photo of the US Embassy in Ukraine

However, there are notable difficulties and problems. So, the Javelin complexes are not distinguished by the best ratio of cost and characteristics. In addition, realizing its potential is not too easy. British NLAW grenade launchers, in turn, have limited performance. In addition, it is reported that products of old production with expiring shelf life went to Ukraine.

You should pay attention to the M141 Bunker Defeat Munition grenade launchers. Unlike the FGM-148 and NLAW, this weapon is designed to deal with enemy fortifications and buildings; anti-tank capabilities are severely limited. Such a weapon cannot be called defensive - and it may well be used in offensive operations in the Donbass.

The proposed arms deliveries are of a specific nature. Thus, the Baltic countries are ready to provide defensive anti-tank systems or portable air defense systems. At the same time, 122-mm howitzers are offered for this, which, obviously, have not only defensive potential.

It should be noted that some of the supplied products are new for the Ukrainian army, and they will have to be studied and mastered from scratch. The full implementation of new weapons in parts will not be quick and easy. However, this does not prevent the Ukrainian leadership from rejoicing in the supply of foreign products - and at the same time talking about a "Russian attack" in the very near future.

New threats


Deliveries of weapons and equipment of various kinds to Ukraine have been going on for several years. In recent days, these processes have noticeably intensified and led to the supply of new weapons suitable for solving defensive and offensive tasks. All these deliveries are carried out under the pretext of protection from Russia, but they probably have other goals.

By supplying lethal weapons to Ukraine, foreign countries demonstrate their readiness to support it, and also solve their own political and military tasks. In turn, Kiev, along with new weapons, will receive broader combat capabilities. And some of the products received indicate that his preparations to repel a hypothetical invasion may be hiding preparations for his own attack on the republics of Donbass.
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  1. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 25 January 2022 05: 05
    -2
    The first supply of weapons this time was carried out by Great Britain.
    On January 22 and 23, the United States sent its assistance to Ukrainian partners
    Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia are ready to provide assistance to Ukraine.
    The Czech Republic expressed its readiness to help Ukraine.
    Aren't you going to burst, baby?
    1. Civil
      Civil 25 January 2022 08: 02
      +6
      in 2014, it was necessary ... with little blood and on foreign territory .. 8 years of armament with training, of course, will not provide Ukraine with the ability to resist Russia, but they will drink blood.
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 25 January 2022 08: 08
        0
        Quote: Civil
        in 2014 it was necessary

        So I'm not the only one talking about this! And Yanukovych was still legitimate! Two options: either the Faberge is not steel, or the oligarch will not peck out the eyes of the oligarch .... And time has been lost.
        1. Civil
          Civil 25 January 2022 08: 30
          -2
          And time has passed.

          Nothing has been missed, just the constant deterioration of the foreign policy situation (the tightening of the sanctions stranglehold) and the domestic political situation (multiple price increases and sharp impoverishment) led to a logical continuation of the 2014-15 war. The leadership no longer sees any other way out than a campaign against Ukraine and unification with Belarus. The accession of these territories, from the point of view of the leadership, will solve internal problems, cause the jubilation of the broad masses of the people and level the inevitable economic collapse due to Western sanctions. And they will also put all "partners from the West" at the table. Further or donkey or padishah.
          1. Uncle lee
            Uncle lee 25 January 2022 08: 34
            +1
            Quote: Civil
            Further or donkey or padishah.

            And this is a different reality and different from 14 years old ... Unfortunately.
            1. Vladimir Mashkov
              Vladimir Mashkov 25 January 2022 21: 09
              +4
              Greetings, Vladimir! hi

              These feverish large arms deliveries to Ukraine have a dual purpose:
              - try to stop Russia with the threat of heavy losses,
              - try to provoke large losses of the parties (the more the natives kill each other, the better for the West). negative
              1. Uncle lee
                Uncle lee 26 January 2022 01: 14
                +1
                Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
                so much the better for the West

                Namesake hello! hi Here I agree with you! It seems that they feed on blood, ghouls!
                1. Vladimir Mashkov
                  Vladimir Mashkov 26 January 2022 15: 48
                  0
                  Quote: Uncle Lee
                  It seems that they feed on blood, ghouls!

                  Quite right! Their long-known goal is the war in / in Ukraine to the last Ukrainian. For two branches of the Eastern Slavs to kill each other and destroy Ukraine-Little Russia as much as possible. And only Svidomites and Bandera supporters are in solidarity with them, of which minority population of this unfortunate territory. I guess BIG OF THE PRESENT there will be no war. Although individual skirmishes with finished scumbags are not excluded. If only NATO did not really occupy Ukraine! This will be the END!
                  1. Uncle lee
                    Uncle lee 26 January 2022 15: 56
                    +1
                    Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
                    This will be the END!

                    That's for sure !
                    1. Vladimir Mashkov
                      Vladimir Mashkov 26 January 2022 16: 06
                      +1
                      I am very afraid. They are now intensively stuffing Ukraine with weapons. I hear their planes almost every day. They are pulling troops allegedly to the external borders of Ukraine (they do it more slowly than the Russians) and promise do not enter. Just do not believe them, they have deceived many times and even violated the contract! What can we say about the lies of their media and the chatter of their representatives! I hope the Russian GRU and the General Staff are watching closely and will not be late! Even the British think that lightning operation by the forces of the Russian Airborne Forces. smile
              2. Civil
                Civil 26 January 2022 07: 22
                +3
                Quote: Vladimir Mashkov
                - try to provoke large losses of the parties (the more the natives kill each other, the better for the West).

                In this you are right! That is their attitude and goals.
      2. Orel
        Orel 25 January 2022 11: 49
        -8
        Quote: Civil
        in 2014, it was necessary ... with little blood and on foreign territory .. 8 years of armament with training, of course, will not provide Ukraine with the ability to resist Russia, but they will drink blood.


        Now it makes no sense to remember, and for defense or offensive, we will use these Western weapons, in fact, without a difference, since in any case it is a war. So it's not easy for us.
      3. Looking for
        Looking for 25 January 2022 17: 52
        -2
        I agree, they blew the time. Once again, how much can you step on the same rake?
      4. Ramon Mercader
        Ramon Mercader 26 January 2022 00: 14
        0
        They won’t drink, I think, 90 percent will get in the form of trophies. And the offensive will be, and will be soon.
      5. Andrey Chizhevsky
        Andrey Chizhevsky 27 February 2022 09: 13
        0
        Of course, it was necessary .. But - then Russia was STILL not ready for such an operation. Realities, however ..
  2. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 25 January 2022 05: 55
    +1
    Russophobes have united against Russia and are ready to spoil it anywhere and any way.
    The supply of weapons to Ukraine pursues one goal, so that as many Ukrainians and Russians as possible in a possible conflict between them are destroyed and the process of self-destruction of the two peoples is launched.
    1. Slap
      Slap 25 January 2022 22: 57
      -4
      Again, the West is to blame for everything? White, honest and fluffy rulers of Russia again in a hopeless situation?
      1. Fission power
        Fission power 26 January 2022 10: 18
        0
        Oh-hoo!! This is what we have? Is it hypocritical propaganda to blame Russia for all the troubles of Ukraine?
        Take the trouble to explain, comrade, what Russia is to blame for and what NATO members are NOT to blame for, you are not on "Obozrevatel.ua", empty re-forces will not work.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. The comment was deleted.
          1. Fission power
            Fission power 27 January 2022 12: 59
            -3
            After all, I already wrote that these are not your native Ukrainian pro-NATO sites, where frank rewriting of history and the entire chain of events in Crimea are in progress. starting from the disobedience of the Maidan regime that illegally seized power and ending with the referendum on March 18, 2014, it breaks down into an absolutely false, but digestible to the general consumer "atzhali!!!11". What kind of scam is this anyway? The multi-million population of Crimea is just a mobile phone for you without your opinion, which is the only thing you can "squeeze out" ?? You have been told for 8 years that such an attitude towards your own country has led to the separation of entire regions.
            Even funnier with the LDNR in the light of the current supply of lethal weapons to Ukraine. What, NATO can arm the Kiev regime, but Russia's independent republics - no, no? What hypocrisy. However, as usual. You are trying to play NATO's "double standards".
    2. Sergey Gusak
      Sergey Gusak 26 January 2022 07: 04
      -2
      What will the Ukrainophobes answer?)
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 25 January 2022 06: 07
    +1
    The list of enemies .... not friendly countries, expand and consolidate, send naf their representatives and forget.
    1. Lykases1
      Lykases1 25 January 2022 06: 31
      +3
      What are you. You can not do it this way. How about business?
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 25 January 2022 07: 44
        +2
        And let the business be more flexible, show its flexibility ... otherwise they assured us many times that the business can do anything!
        So they will have a reason / opportunity to demonstrate their flexibility.
    2. Free wind
      Free wind 25 January 2022 10: 27
      +5
      It's easier to list a list of friendly countries. Who? Well, maybe Belarus, well, probably FSE. recourse
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 25 January 2022 11: 37
        0
        There are not many friends, what would be such, real.
        And fellow travelers ... but who counted them.
  4. Two
    Two 25 January 2022 07: 06
    -5
    And why did the pan-heads suddenly decide that infantry with tank support would follow them? Throw rockets and bomb well at fortified areas, bases and warehouses. Wait a week and repeat. Well, then pick Svidomites from caches or fry them locally.
    1. Maki Avellevich
      Maki Avellevich 25 January 2022 07: 40
      +4
      Quote: Dos
      And why did the pan-heads suddenly decide that infantry with tank support would follow them? Throw rockets and bomb well at fortified areas, bases and warehouses. Wait a week and repeat. Well, then pick Svidomites from caches or fry them locally.

      in times of war, time is sometimes more important than weapons.
      and you are painting here the scenario of a 30-year war.
      1. Two
        Two 25 January 2022 07: 49
        +2
        There won't be any faster! National specific! Although you can give Svidomites and Poles and Hungarians ...
      2. Ramon Mercader
        Ramon Mercader 26 January 2022 00: 27
        +1
        Here is a typical example of a comment from an understanding person (I'm talking about Machiavellich)
    2. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 25 January 2022 08: 03
      +3
      Quote: Dos
      picking svidomites from caches

      Judging by our minuses, EVERYTHING is not liked by the panheads! They think that they will win with minuses, flawed ones! recourse
      1. Ramon Mercader
        Ramon Mercader 26 January 2022 00: 24
        +2
        You know, I didn’t put minuses, although I thought about it. The point is not the panheads, the point is that Mr. Dos is either stupid as a cork, or a "mishandled Cossack". In any case, I'm glad that they don't keep such people in the General Staff. Everything will be exactly the opposite - quickly and maximally (if possible) bloodless. And the Marines, the landing force and the MTR will be at the forefront of the attack (without them, it will not work quickly, quietly and relatively bloodlessly). The only thing that will have to tinker with is stopping the offensive against the republics (namely, it will serve as the beginning of the entire operation), and forcing a 120-150 thousandth group to peace. But in any case, everything will end in 3-4 days (not to wait a week).
        So this is a sound assessment of the "especially gifted", and not an attempt by the pan-heads to win with minuses.
  5. Avior
    Avior 25 January 2022 08: 57
    +3
    The M141 Bunker Defeat Munition is a versatile, multifunctional, switchable fuse grenade launcher. It can be used against fortifications, unarmored and lightly armored vehicles. It is not designed against modern main battle tanks.
  6. ivan2022
    ivan2022 25 January 2022 09: 09
    +5
    Once, Patriarch Alexy asked a Euro deputy: "Is it possible in our time for Catholic countries to bomb each other?" The answer was unequivocally negative.

    Therefore, we can talk as much as we like about our moral values. And condemn the rotten and inhuman West. The price of chatter is a broken penny.
  7. stoqn477
    stoqn477 25 January 2022 10: 56
    +2
    At the same time, 122-mm howitzers are offered for this, which, obviously, have not only defensive potential.

    Any military equipment from a pistol to a fighter jet can be used for both defensive and offensive purposes.
  8. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 25 January 2022 11: 45
    -1
    Unfortunately, we were again masterfully outplayed in this muddy game. They built a pretext out of r and sticks, wound up hysteria, under this pretext they accelerated militarization and broke through a certain number of walls, which, it seemed, were previously preventing it. When (and if) this escalation ends, no one will take all these bullets back.
  9. kamarada
    kamarada 25 January 2022 11: 55
    -4
    Does not finalize reconnaissance along with mines. Defense. This weapon should not have hit ter. banderstan. And if it flew, it could explode right on the runway along with the plane. And now it will shoot at people.
    1. Ramon Mercader
      Ramon Mercader 26 January 2022 00: 31
      0
      Well, you think that this is a flaw, and time will put everything in its place. As for me - rich (in the short term) trophies.
  10. Altmann
    Altmann 25 January 2022 13: 42
    -2
    Co se to s Tebou moje milovane Rusko děje? am
  11. bandabas
    bandabas 25 January 2022 13: 50
    +1
    Doesn't it remind you of the situation with the Spanish Civil War? Only the Nazis initially control most of the territory?
  12. Mustached Kok
    Mustached Kok 25 January 2022 14: 57
    +8
    Everyone in the comments is ironic in every possible way on the fact that Ukraine is collecting weapons from the world one by one. But on the contrary, I worry about Donetsk and Lugansk. Ukraine, after failures in the offensive 14 and 15 goals, began systematic preparation. It conducts exercises with NATO countries. Their officers receive advanced training with specialists from NATO. They equip the army with new types of weapons. They gradually replenish stocks of weapons in warehouses and training grounds.
    If ours do nothing, it will be repeated as with Armenia and Azerbaijan. Some continued to celebrate the victory and think that once again they would also be able to win, while others took into account all the mistakes and prepared for revenge for a long time. In place of the leadership of the LDNR, I thought about a major program of economic reforms, so that later, on their basis, to carry out reforms in the army.
    Although, in fact, the reforms should have been started immediately after the calm, after the last major battles in 15.
  13. Nerpa1
    Nerpa1 25 January 2022 22: 17
    +1
    Meanwhile, Neptune has already been finished to the end

    https://www.facebook.com/DefenseExpress/videos/1167238717141145/
  14. this
    this 26 January 2022 02: 42
    -1
    Yes, it’s like scaring Russia, but it’s just not enough at all and there’s nothing special about it - now you won’t scare anyone with grenade launchers.
  15. Fission power
    Fission power 26 January 2022 10: 21
    -4
    Why does it seem to me that with these weapons they will go to Transnistria as a "small victorious war"? After the boilers near Gorlovka, they desperately need some kind of respite, and here is such a convenient tidbit, also territorially cut off from Russia.
  16. Illanatol
    Illanatol 27 February 2022 09: 07
    0
    Quote: Civil
    The leadership no longer sees any other way out than a campaign against Ukraine and unification with Belarus. The accession of these territories, from the point of view of the leadership, will solve internal problems, cause the jubilation of the broad masses of the people and level the inevitable economic collapse due to Western sanctions.


    Nonsense. There is no serious threat to the regime and there would not be in any case. Economic turmoil in itself is not terrible, our population did not experience such things, without particularly rebelling (recall 1998, for example).
    1. BedMax
      BedMax 7 March 2022 00: 28
      0
      How beautifully they will plunge back into the beautiful far away)