Military Review

The famous tank T-34 celebrates anniversary

29

Today marks 70 years since the serial production of the famous tanks T-34. In 1942, more than 250 vehicles went out of the gates of Uralmash to the war. Some of the “thirty-fours” of those years are still on the move and are able to show why Mikhail Koshkin’s invention was recognized as the best tank of the Second World War.

37 year The leadership of the USSR puts the Kharkov design bureau to design a new tank. The military itself waited for the next wheeled-tracked vehicle from the engineers, but the head of the design bureau, Mikhail Koshkin, presented the model exclusively on the tracked drive, which ultimately showed the best results on the tests and was put into service under the name T-34.

When the Wehrmacht soldiers first met the Thirty-Fours on the battlefield, to put it mildly, they were shocked. The patency of our car was impressive - in places where the German tanks didn’t even think about, the T-34 passed without much difficulty. And the armor of our cars was the best at that time. The Germans even called their 37-mm anti-tank cannon "knock knock knocker" because when its shells hit the T-34, they just knocked on it and bounced off.

But before our 76-millimeter weapon German armor was powerless. In addition, the best tank of the Second World according to many experts, it turns out, was also the most unpretentious - the simplicity of the design allowed the crew to repair it in the field.
After the factory in Stalingrad was out of operation, the production of the T-34 was entrusted to Uralmash. In September, 42 of the first 15 machines rolled off its conveyor.

"The tanks were collected not only by Uralmash workers, but also by future tankers. That is, they immediately knew what kind of car it was made of. Then they ran in these cars, shot guns, and already assembled - as they said then," nodded "- the crews went to the front ", - says the director of the museum stories plant "Uralmash" Sergey Ageev.

There are no more than seven such T-34-76 in the world. Two of them are in the tank museum in Kubinka. For example, this car with the unusual name "Moscow Pioneer" was created with the money collected by children in November 42 year.

"She was raised in 2000 year from the bottom of the Lazava Lake, Velikoluksky District, Pskov Region, from eight meters deep by search engines. When the car was lifted, the remains of the driver were found there. Recently it was possible to establish his last name - this is Sergeant Lukoyanov," says the officer The Central Museum of Armored Weapons and Equipment of the Ministry of Defense of Russia Andrei Chernyaev.

Restored tanks museum staff and volunteers. One car should be collected from several - spare parts are put only original. The technology here is rather referred to as historical monuments. But sometimes this does not prevent these monuments from being thrown out of the hangars "into the fields". And today, the seventy-year-old T-34 is not a clumsy "old man" at all.
Originator:
http://www.vesti.ru
29 comments
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  1. spender
    spender 21 September 2012 10: 48
    +8
    The legendary tank WITH ANNIVERSARY !!! drinks The victory of the USSR in WWII is largely the merit of the developer of this tank !!! hi
    I remember the old Soviet film, how Koshkin and his comrades drove a tank to Moscow ...
    1. Slayer
      Slayer 21 September 2012 12: 57
      +1
      The Americans even said that this is the greatest tank created by mankind that changed history !!
    2. an-sar
      an-sar 21 September 2012 13: 53
      0
      Honor and glory to the designers-developers !!!
  2. volcano
    volcano 21 September 2012 10: 51
    +3
    Cool tank no doubt.

    That's just the author did not understand ..... the t-34 from the year 40 was produced generally .... and by the beginning of the war we already had thirty-four.
    1. mongoose
      mongoose 21 September 2012 11: 06
      +2
      were, but the topic was primarily about the transfer of tank production from Stalingrad to Tankograd
  3. itr
    itr 21 September 2012 11: 14
    +2
    Today, at least one normal news, and then everywhere they write the same thing
  4. 8 company
    8 company 21 September 2012 11: 24
    +2
    The tank is a legend that endured on its tracks a significant part of the war and our great luck that it was he who was adopted. It is also very cool that the stake was made precisely on the mass production of "34", in contrast to the Germans, who poured resources into expensive "Tigers". To workers of our "defense" - a deep bow!
  5. Bekzat
    Bekzat 21 September 2012 11: 28
    +2
    Happy Birthday, "Thirty-four" !!! Thank you for the Victory !!!
  6. sergyi
    sergyi 21 September 2012 11: 40
    +4
    Today marks 70 years since the serial production of the famous T-34 tanks began. - need to add - in the Urals.
    And then some kind of perfect absurdity turns out. And the anniversary is not a tank, but a factory.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 21 September 2012 12: 00
      +2
      That is how the tank was produced since June 40.
      Truly the anniversary of the factory.
      It is a pity that there are very few real 34 ok.
  7. sichevik
    sichevik 21 September 2012 11: 40
    +2
    Weapon of Victory !!! In one row - the legendary Katyusha, T-34, IS, KV, IL-2, YAK-3, PPSh, and the permanent Mosin rifle.
    1. Bekzat
      Bekzat 21 September 2012 12: 03
      +1
      "sichevik - Weapon of Victory! In one row - the legendary" Katyusha ", T-34, IS, KV, IL-2, Yak-3, PPSh, and the permanent Mosin rifle." And you also need to add: LAGI, SVT-40, TB and plus the HUGE HEROISM OF OUR SOVIET SOLDIERS AND OFFICERS, PARTIZANS, who with their blood and then won a GREAT VICTORY over the enemy !!! Glory to Soviet Weapons !!!
      1. sichevik
        sichevik 21 September 2012 12: 23
        +1
        I agree with you, Bekzat. The heroism of Soviet soldiers and officers, partisans. as well as the Heroic and Selfless Work of the Home Workers --- this is the main component of the Great Victory. For without all this, a weapon would have been just a weapon or a pile of scrap metal. Both Germany, and Great Britain, and the USA, after all, also had good, high-quality weapons. But the Victory Auger became ours. Thanks to Courage, Heroism, Courage of the Soviet People.
  8. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 21 September 2012 12: 04
    +3
    the only thing that is insulting is that Koshkin himself died when they mastered and tested this gorgeous car, yes, he created the best tank of World War 2, and there is no point in arguing ... just literally yesterday I watched the Pentos broadcast in their language, so there’s our 34ka in 2nd place and in the first ... yes this caterpillar trash sherman)
    1. Uruska
      Uruska 21 September 2012 12: 17
      +1
      Just ovskie tanks in their ratings are always in the first place.
  9. Vanek
    Vanek 21 September 2012 12: 14
    +2
    I don’t know how to speak beautifully. I will simply say: - Happy birthday!
  10. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 21 September 2012 12: 23
    +2
    Deep Respect to Mikhail Ilyich Koshkin for the creation of such a unique machine, which won the victory on the armor !!!
    The design features of the T-34 are still alive: the layout and location of the compartments, the application concept. The same B-2 engine is worth ... WORKING HORSE!

    Glory to the best tank of all time !!!
  11. strannik595
    strannik595 21 September 2012 12: 43
    +2
    the man did the main work of his life on time and left on time, the horrors of war did not find him. Three types of weapons put the Germans to flight IL-2, T-34 and "Katyusha" .......... they could not oppose anything, as well as the courage and ingenuity of a Russian soldier
  12. Orthodox warrior
    Orthodox warrior 21 September 2012 12: 57
    0
    T-34-76 and T-34-85. Museum of Armored Forces in Kubinka near Moscow.
  13. Vodrak
    Vodrak 21 September 2012 12: 58
    +1
    Great is the man who created the weapon, which made it possible to defend the freedom and independence of his homeland.
  14. Orthodox warrior
    Orthodox warrior 21 September 2012 13: 06
    0
    T-34-76, the first tank to break into the city of Chernivtsi (Ukraine) on March 25, 1944, freeing the city from the Germans.
  15. bairat
    bairat 21 September 2012 13: 13
    +1
    In the darkness they went to this tank, stuffing cones on the go, nobody knew what tank would be needed in the upcoming war. How much effort was spent on the creation of multi-tower giants, but this did not go in vain, technological groundwork was worked out for the future. In torment, under the constant pressure of the People’s Commissar of Defense, new engines, guns, and other equipment were born. Over and over again, the samples submitted for testing were rejected by the commissions, but each time the tanks became more powerful. I would not exaggerate Kotin's contribution to the creation of the tank, the T-34 is the crown of all Soviet tank construction of those years.
  16. Orthodox warrior
    Orthodox warrior 21 September 2012 13: 14
    +1
    T-34-85. Yaroslavl region, the village of Brynchagi - the birthplace of the creator of the famous T-34 tank M.I.Koshkin.
  17. Bigriver
    Bigriver 21 September 2012 13: 51
    0
    Normal text for a wide audience. A plus.
    However, they brought him only to the middle of the 43rd.
    Well, he became the weapon of victory by the spring-summer of the 44th, with a triple tower.
  18. bairat
    bairat 21 September 2012 14: 13
    0
    In principle, and in the 41st it was obvious that the tower was cramped and the commander was overloaded with work. But there was no necessary equipment, machines capable of processing a 43-meter shoulder strap of the tower were sent in the XNUMXrd year, you know who. Loudly pronouncing the name of this country on this resource is dangerous for the rating)))
  19. 8 company
    8 company 21 September 2012 15: 02
    0
    Quote: bairat
    Loudly pronouncing the name of this country on this resource is dangerous for the rating)))


    I mean, if we talk about it, is it only in the negative? smile

    It is interesting, however, that American tanks were no different in terms of performance characteristics. Another thing is that the economic power of the United States made it possible, if necessary, to rivet them in hundreds of thousands. And American tankers did not essentially see anything in a real war. These tankers were only in the USSR and Germany.
    1. bairat
      bairat 21 September 2012 15: 13
      +1
      You are wrong, they also drank, somewhere in the middle of the road to Berlin they ran out of trained tankers, did not calculate the losses, they put infantrymen in tanks, teaching everything on the go. Yes, the tanks were weak, the panther sometimes punched two Shermans right through, but they focused on aviation and a highly maneuverable war, the speed of attack was such that the Germans did not have time to retreat.
      1. 8 company
        8 company 21 September 2012 15: 50
        0
        Quote: bairat
        You are wrong, they sipped too,


        Oh well, there’s nothing even to compare. I would like to see how the Germans really killed the Americans. In North Africa, after landing in Algeria, the Amers even had to be withdrawn from the front, as they were literally fought by several Rommel units there.
        1. Bigriver
          Bigriver 21 September 2012 16: 09
          +1
          8 company
          Amers really had a different concept of war. Otto Carius (the author of a four-volume edition on the 2nd World War) said, like: "Amers were waging a rich war."
          Almost complete air superiority was everything. The rest was decided by complete mechanization and perfect logistics, provision.
          Pay attention to the pictures of tanks made in Russia and on the western front.
          In the second case, the tank or self-propelled guns among the Germans looks like a pile of hay. In the daytime, the movement of tank units due to the actions of the Allied aviation was simply impossible.
  20. 8 company
    8 company 21 September 2012 16: 34
    0
    Quote: BigRiver
    Almost complete air superiority was everything. The rest was decided by complete mechanization and perfect logistics, provision.


    It would be fair to add here such a factor as the extermination of the bulk of the best forces of Germany on the eastern front. This is a concept: they waited for the Wehrmacht to bleed in the east and then landed.
    1. Bigriver
      Bigriver 21 September 2012 17: 47
      0
      "It would be fair to add here such a factor as the destruction of the bulk of Germany's best forces on the eastern front."

      Fair! Well this applies to all military branches. The same applies to the flight crew.
      We grind the German, broke him with his character. But not the United States and the Britons with its rich war.
      Mikhail Katukov (commander of the 1st Guards TA) wrote in a letter to his wife about the feeling of the Germans in the winter of the 45th. Type: the German became all kind of sick and murky winked
      For the last word, I climbed into the dictionary laughing