Rocket "Sarmat": plans, activities and delays

55

The year 2022 is of great importance for the further development of the Russian Strategic Missile Forces. This year, it is planned to carry out the remaining tests of the advanced RS-28 Sarmat intercontinental ballistic missile, as well as put the first regiment with such weapons on combat duty. The army and industry are faced with tasks of particular complexity, but only a year remains to solve them.

Plans and activities


In 2017-18 at the Plesetsk training ground, throw tests of the promising ICBM "Sarmat" were carried out. After that, preparations began for future flight design and state tests. Against this background, the approximate dates for the first full-fledged launches and the adoption of the missile into service were repeatedly called. However, these dates have repeatedly shifted to the right, and the first flight of the Sarmat has not yet taken place.



Last summer, the general director of the Krasmash missile manufacturing plant, Alexander Gavrilov, said that the first launch as part of flight tests would take place in the 3rd quarter. Later, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu confirmed that the tests would begin before the end of the year, and they plan to complete them in 2022, with the subsequent adoption of the complex into service.

In October, an unnamed TASS source said that in 2021 they would have time to conduct two test launches at once. Plans for 2022, according to him, remained in force. Later it was reported that only one launch would be able to be performed by the end of the year, but five were planned for the next 2022.


In December, TASS announced the transfer of tests to next year. The first launch of the Sarmat as part of flight design tests has shifted from December to the 1st quarter of 2022. At the same time, plans to complete work and put ICBMs on duty by the end of next year have not changed.

Over the past month news the first launch of the Sarmat was not reported. Apparently, the sources of the domestic press were right. For one reason or another, the start of testing of the new rocket was postponed to 2022, and the exact date is still unknown. Apparently, the first launch will be announced after it is held.

Rocket in the troops


Over the past few years, it has been reported that the Sarmat complex will be put into service and take up combat duty no later than the beginning of the twenties. Recently, the current plans of the Ministry of Defense in this regard became known, and they provide for the completion of part of the work during the new year 2022. In the future, activities will be continued and will give new results.

In mid-December, the Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Missile Forces, Colonel General Sergei Karakaev, told Krasnaya Zvezda about the tasks ahead. So, by the end of 2022, it is necessary to put the first Sarmatian regiment on combat duty as part of the Uzhur missile division. The commander considers it possible. According to him, at that time, the infrastructure was being prepared, and the activities necessary for testing were also being carried out.


On December 21, such plans were clarified by the Minister of Defense. Among the priority tasks for 2022, he named putting on duty 21 launchers with various types of ICBMs, including the new Sarmat. In addition, the production and supply of other missiles already in service will continue.

Over the past month, new reports on the progress of the Sarmat program, preparations for testing and adoption, etc. did not act. In addition, it was not reported about the first launch as part of flight design tests. However, last year's news suggests that the launch will take place in the coming weeks or months, and then new starts will take place.

Delayed successes


Thus, the work on the topic "Sarmatian" stretched for several years. Four years ago, the industry and the Ministry of Defense conducted successful throw tests of several experimental missiles. After that, the development of the project continued and preparations began for a new stage of testing. However, new launches were regularly postponed and have not yet taken place.

For obvious reasons, the customer and contractor are in no hurry to disclose all information about the project, its successes and difficulties. At the same time, it follows from official statements in recent months that the start of flight tests really had to be postponed from last year to a new one. The reasons for this are, of course, unknown.

Apparently, the Sarmat project encountered some difficulties, and they have not yet been fully overcome. These may be difficulties at various stages of design, preparation for production and manufacture of experimental missiles, etc. Difficulties in preparing the test site have been reported in the past, and this factor should also have affected the overall course of the program.


Regardless of the nature of the problems that have arisen and how to solve them, revising the schedule and shifting the deadlines for the completion of work is an acceptable and even correct step. The industry will be able to use the extra time and complete the fine-tuning of the project. Accordingly, a rocket with a minimum of "childhood illnesses" or without them at all will be submitted for testing. The same applies to the launcher and other components of the missile system.

By spending some time in the development phase and postponing flight testing for several months, the Defense Ministry and industry will protect themselves from additional risks and unnecessary expenses. The finished ICBMs and ground facilities will show the required level of reliability, and fully prepared production facilities will be able to deploy the production of products in the required quantity in the shortest possible time.

"Sarmat" and others


Officials have repeatedly mentioned that the Sarmat complex with a heavy-class missile is being created as a promising replacement for the obsolete R-36M (2) Voevoda systems. The latter have only a few years left to serve, after which they will completely give way to modern ICBMs. At the same time, according to recent reports, such a replacement should begin in the very near future.

Recent reports have mentioned that the phased decommissioning of the Voyevoda will begin as early as 2022. Within a few years after that, the R-36M missiles will be withdrawn from service. At the same time, it is planned to deploy new stationary systems "Sarmat" and bring them to combat duty. The first of them, as reported, will begin service this year.


Thus, not only the emergence of a new weapons, but also the general course of the rearmament of the Strategic Missile Forces. The existing delays, most likely, will not have a negative impact on the re-equipment of the missile forces. However, hypothetical further difficulties could lead to serious problems.

The rearmament of the Strategic Missile Forces should be carried out systematically and rhythmically. The decommissioning of old missiles should be accompanied by the commissioning of new products in comparable quantities. The absence of a ready-made Sarmat can lead to a distortion in these processes with a negative impact on the “heavy” part of the missile forces.

However, it is obvious that work on the RS-28 Sarmat complex will be completed in the near future. It is unlikely that now the project schedule will undergo a serious revision, and in the medium term the Strategic Missile Forces will be able to receive the required number of new missiles. Serial products in mines and storage bases will be able to participate in the processes of strategic deterrence over the next few decades.

On the eve of the test


In general, the situation around the promising RS-28 Sarmat missile system causes some concern, but does not encourage pessimism. Apparently, by now the project has advanced far enough and is already preparing to enter the stage of flight design and state tests. Moreover, all these activities are going to spend less than a year.

Thus, there is every reason to believe that the Sarmat program is now proceeding in accordance with the current version of plans and will soon show the desired results. Now it remains only to wait for the first test launch. Obviously, the Ministry of Defense will immediately report this event.
55 comments
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  1. +46
    21 January 2022 18: 20
    Here the talent to grind water in a mortar cannot be taken away of course.
    1. +31
      21 January 2022 18: 32
      I will support, in the art of pouring from empty to empty, the author has surpassed everyone.
      1. AUL
        +6
        22 January 2022 11: 00
        Quote: ASAD
        I will support, in the art of pouring from empty to empty, the author has surpassed everyone.

        The meaning of the entire article could be expressed not even in three words, but in three letters:
        A X Z!
        1. +1
          22 January 2022 18: 42
          The meaning of the entire article could be expressed not even in three words, but in three letters:
          A X Z!
          But the author has so many letters!
          1. 0
            23 February 2022 20: 19
            that's it!
    2. -9
      21 January 2022 21: 08
      Do you want to be told everything about a secret product that has not really begun testing yet?
      .The first flight tests of the new intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) "Sarmat" are scheduled for the end of January 2022. The maneuvers will take place "in full".

      The relevant information was reported to RIA Novosti correspondents by an informed source. Now the Uzhur missile division is preparing for flight tests.

      “It is planned to carry out the first launch of a new missile in a full cycle - all stages of the new product must be worked out, and mock-ups of warheads should fall in the design area at the military training ground,” the report says.

      https://nation-news.ru/679523-letnye-ispytaniya-mezhkontinentalnoi-rakety-sarmat-nachnutsya-v-yanvare-2022-goda
      1. +5
        21 January 2022 22: 20
        But, by the way, however, apparently, we understood the main message of the article, that sooner or later, the Sarmat program, probably, since there is every reason to assume the implementation of readiness plans for the obvious completion in the near future
        is proceeding in accordance with the current version of the plans and will soon show the desired results
        Re-read the article. In short - if nothing interferes ... then maybe bang.
      2. +3
        22 January 2022 11: 38
        Yes, I do not need AT ALL! promise nothing. You can just do it, test it, and proudly inform the people. When did Shoigu give promises about Sarmat in the State Duma?
  2. +13
    21 January 2022 18: 50
    From empty to empty. And back. And most importantly, conclusions, conclusions. Very "capacious".
    1. +5
      21 January 2022 19: 39
      Quote: stalki
      And most importantly, conclusions, conclusions. Very "capacious".

      The conclusion is there at the very beginning of the article in general in one phrase - Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu confirmed that the tests will begin before the end of the year, and they plan to complete them in 2022, with the subsequent adoption of the complex into service.
    2. 0
      22 January 2022 03: 50
      One, because...
  3. -1
    21 January 2022 20: 12

    No menu....No menu....No menu wassat
    Sarmatish-praktish-gut...
    #Aircraft landing gear+asphalt#
    Aitz-zwei-polizei bully
    Alice-supa-gut feel
    Raoooooo for foooooot...
    Alice suppaaaaa guuuuuuuut...
    Will give East fontasti... bully laughing
    1. +2
      21 January 2022 20: 41
      I already thought - 257 su-57 belay Oh, dreams, dreams.
      1. -9
        21 January 2022 20: 43
        I usually ask robots to vacuum under my sofa, but are you a robot?
      2. -9
        21 January 2022 20: 47
        Quote: Pulkovo1942
        I already thought - 257 su-57 belay Oh, dreams, dreams.

        What is a moment?
        Skynet will defeat humans?
        People outdated stuff?
        I will find you?
  4. +4
    21 January 2022 20: 18
    Megillah.
    1. -6
      21 January 2022 20: 31
      Sarmatlar-rocketlar belmez...? wassat laughing lol
  5. -9
    21 January 2022 20: 29
    Quote: U-58
    Megillah.

    Raketlar-Sarmatlar bully
    1. +4
      21 January 2022 23: 48
      Well, it's not a sin to drink on Friday))
      1. -5
        22 January 2022 03: 56
        Quote: Revival
        Well, it's not a sin to drink on Friday))

        Are you ill? wassat
  6. +1
    21 January 2022 21: 12
    It is not possible to make electronics for Sarmat.
    There are no matching Taiwanese chips and boards. And no Russian.
    1. +1
      21 January 2022 22: 01
      Apparently, therefore, they went on joint developments with China in the rocket theme. The Chinese have. And Taiwan is generally a dead topic. Tomorrow the Americans will come up with more sanctions, Taipei will just click his heels right there. And bye-bye all our Elbrus.
      1. +4
        22 January 2022 00: 14
        It looks like ... what kind of Chinese chips Russia will have to share military secrets that interest China. Alliances require sacrifice.
        1. -4
          22 January 2022 03: 45
          Lyokha, what really burns? Where should a pale Israeli go?
          Birobidzhan wassat We won't give you Crimea... Only Birobidzhan wassat
          And what, a shovel snowball, this is how the whole of Russia lives, get used to it ... drinks
          Do you want me to give you an earflap? Is free...
        2. +1
          22 January 2022 09: 44
          Quote: voyaka uh
          Russia will have to share military secrets that interest China.

          So already.
          We give them an early warning system, they give us a radio component base.
          Rocket engines (technology transfer) went to the SPRN in addition.
          And Taiwan will be even more Chinese soon, because United China is the essence of soft power.
          1. +1
            22 January 2022 14: 49
            China has no elemental base. Everything is from the USA, both equipment and technology.
            And the brands are also American.
            It doesn't matter where it is made, in Singapore, China or Thailand - it is American!
            With all the charms on the crystal that will come to life at X-hour.
            And then the carriage will turn into a pumpkin.
            1. +2
              22 January 2022 16: 18
              And in our terms, "element base" is it only processors?
              Almost nothing is being produced in the Russian Federation now ... but processors are just doing it. Though through a stump-deck.
              1. +3
                22 January 2022 18: 26
                Connectors, capacitors, transistors, diodes are still somehow doing.
                But digital microcircuits, including memory and processors, are a disaster.
              2. +2
                22 January 2022 18: 51
                Quote: bayard
                Almost nothing is being produced in the Russian Federation now ... but processors are just doing it. Though through a stump-deck.

                That's just the processors, every one from Taiwan. According to Russian "drawings", but this is all that can console propaganda.
                1. +2
                  23 January 2022 13: 19
                  The Americans are watching it all. If it comes to serious sanctions, they will simply clamp down on the supply of all this in Russia, even from the factories of Southeast Asia, threatening them with sanctions. Although there is already complete dependence on the Americans - equipment, technology, materials, everything is from there.
            2. -2
              23 January 2022 06: 03
              Do France, Great Britain, Germany, Italy have their own elemental base?
              From the DPRK?
              1. +2
                23 January 2022 13: 17
                Europe has its own elemental base and not bad, they make satellites and avionics.
                I don’t know about North Korea, maybe they are dragging something from the neighboring South.
            3. -1
              23 January 2022 15: 14
              And all these Chinese and South Korean processors in phones, TVs, etc.?
              Also turns out to be FACT American?
              Like a Huawei server?
              1. +4
                23 January 2022 16: 15
                Practically yes, all American - Zilog, Atmel, AMD and others. They are developed in the USA and all technology and equipment are American.
                European ones are ST and Zarlik for example.
    2. -10
      22 January 2022 02: 53
      Quote: voyaka uh
      It is not possible to make electronics for Sarmat.
      There are no matching Taiwanese chips and boards. And no Russian.

      Did it upset you that the so-called ultimatum on security guarantees was announced to the whole country, as the Bolsheviks did during the Soviet era? wassat
      I understand ... It will not be a pity to see how you make a Kabul escape ... laughing laughing laughing
      -----

      Have a beer. #Aircraft-chassis-asphalt#
    3. -5
      22 January 2022 03: 14
      Quote: voyaka uh
      It is not possible to make electronics for Sarmat.
      There are no matching Taiwanese chips and boards. And no Russian.

      Alexey, hello, will you be able to save Israel without support in a changing world? wassat
      Your rare comments indicate that somewhere is burning laughing
    4. 0
      22 January 2022 05: 11
      Yes, everything is fine ... a couple more throwing fires (the Strategic Missile Forces shoot ... but they don’t let them in) and we will rearm the Uzhur division
    5. 0
      31 January 2022 10: 41
      Quote: voyaka uh
      It is not possible to make electronics for Sarmat.
      There are no matching Taiwanese chips and boards. And no Russian.

      And on what electronics do maces and poplars fly? Soviet missiles always had their own electronics.
  7. +5
    21 January 2022 21: 36
    A bit of reality.

    This is not the first time in the course of litigation details are revealed about the progress of the ROC on the creation of advanced weapons. In cases No. A56-8333 / 2020 and A56-46672 / 2021, one of the reasons for the postponement of flight tests of the 15A28 missile of the Sarmat missile system, also referred to under the codes “product 001” and “topic 001”, is indicated. Recall that despite numerous statements by the highest officials, flight tests of this complex have not yet begun. The culprits were the backwardness of the domestic element base and Western sanctions.
    It follows from the materials of the cases that the developer of the control system "Sarmat" is JSC "NPO Automation named after Academician N.A. Semikhatov" (hereinafter NPAA). In turn, NPAA ordered JSC "Research Institute of Command Instruments" (hereinafter referred to as NII KP) to perform R&D for the manufacture of a complex of command instruments (KKP) and an angular velocity sensor unit (BDUS), for which the parties entered into agreement No. 2/2-1030 -15/787/Yur.765 of 06.02.2015/XNUMX/XNUMX.

    This contract is divided into 12 stages, stages No. 1,3,5,7,9,11 provide for the manufacture and supply of CCP; Nos. 2,4,6,8,10,12 - manufacture and supply of BDUS. Thus, the NII KP was supposed to manufacture and supply 6 sets of KKP and BDUS for missiles for flight tests (LI products). Some initial deadlines are mentioned:
    for stage 5 - 31.12.2016/XNUMX/XNUMX;
    for stage 6 - 31.12.2016/XNUMX/XNUMX;
    for stage 7 - 31.03.2017/XNUMX/XNUMX;
    for stage 8 - 31.03.2017/XNUMX/XNUMX;
    for stage 9 - 30.06.2017/XNUMX/XNUMX;
    for stage 10 - 30.06.2017/XNUMX/XNUMX.

    The initial deadlines for the delivery of the stages were repeatedly disrupted and postponed by additional agreements to the contract. So, by additional agreement No. 14 dated April 24.04.2019, 5, the deadline for the completion of the 2019th stage was postponed to August 6, the deadline for the completion of the 2019th stage was postponed to September 5, and these deadlines were also disrupted - the shipment of the CCP for the 16.11.2019th stage occurred on 5/12.04.2020/6, but the CCP was delivered did not pass the entrance control in NPAA and was not accepted by them. The cases mention a lot of letters, acts of research and conclusions about the need to finalize and restore the CCP. As a result, NII KP fulfilled its obligations under the 18th stage only on 03.02.2020/26.02.2020/11, and the deadline for the 15.11.2020th stage was once again postponed by an additional agreement No. XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX.

    At the time of the trials, NII KP manufactured 3 sets of command devices for the assembly of LI products No. 1,2,3 (stages No. 6,7,8) and a backlog for LI products No. 4,5,6 was formed (stages No. 9,10,11 ). As one of the reasons for the postponement, NII KP refers to the fact that when testing electronic products after the development of design documentation, it became necessary to purchase additional elements of the electronic base (i.e., it was necessary to replace some of the elements - approx. channel). Considering the lack of competition in the market for these elements (including due to the imposed sanctions against the Russian Federation), their acquisition required significant time costs, which ultimately led to a delay in the performance of work.
    Due to the unsatisfactory progress of work, the parties agree on a joint decision on 09.06.2020/XNUMX/XNUMX:
    "During the development of the complex of command devices of the checkpoint INAYA.402113.130 according to the terms of reference for the SC R&D "Development of a complex of command devices of the control system equipment on the topic" 001 "accuracy characteristics were achieved with deviations from individual requirements of the technical specifications for the complex of command devices.
    Deviations of the achieved characteristics from the requirements of the technical specifications for the complex of command devices are due to the lack of a domestic element base with the necessary characteristics.
    Bringing these characteristics to those specified by the terms of reference for the development of a complex of command devices is possible subject to the development and implementation of an improved domestic element base no earlier than 2022. "- in other words, if the improvement of the domestic element base does not happen, then the characteristics of the CCP will not be brought to the specified original TOR in 2022 or later.

    By the same decision, the parties established a number of measures and joint actions for the speedy completion of work:
    "1. To allow the complex of command devices with the achieved characteristics to GLI 1-3, for which JSC "GRC Makeeva", JSC "NPO Avtomatiki", JSC "Research Institute of Command Devices" correct the terms of reference for the complex of command devices and the corresponding documentation.
    2. JSC "Research Institute of Command Instruments" to develop and agree with JSC "NPO Avtomatiki", JSC "GRC Makeeva", FGUB "4TsNII" MO and DOGOZ the schedule for the implementation of the complex of command instruments to the level specified by the terms of reference for the development of the CCP.
    3. JSC "NPO Avtomatiki", JSC "GRC Makeeva", JSC "Research Institute of Command Instruments" together with the Federal State Budgetary Institution "4TsNII" MO and DOGOZ make a separate decision to finalize the complex of command instruments and the necessary methods in terms of confirming the main characteristics based on the results of paragraph 2 of this decision and the results of GLI 1-3.
    4. To carry out work on this decision without increasing the cost of development work."

    Further, JSC GRTs Makeeva, the head contractor of the state contract for Sarmat, sends letter No. 147/1131 dated 26.04.2021/11/30 to NII KP with an attachment in the form of a decision on the procedure for ground-based experimental testing of the onboard equipment of the control system. In accordance with this decision, the products supplied under the contract were approved for flight tests, taking into account the achieved characteristics (i.e. with a CCP that does not fully meet the initial requirements of the TOR - approx. channel). For this reason, the position of NII KP is as follows: before the completion of flight tests, it is not possible to perform work on stage 13.08.2021 of the contract. Moreover, according to the additional agreement No. 9 dated 10/1118187311572010101000282/2 concluded by the parties, the work on stages No. 2 and No. 1030 are excluded from the scope of work under contract No. included in the scope of work under contract No. 15/787/765-06.02.2015-1118187311572010101000282/24/jur.2 dated August 1030, 21 under stages No. 785 and No. 2051.

    Not soon the Sarmatian will be ....
    1. +6
      22 January 2022 00: 40
      Not soon the Sarmatian will be ....

      In hard times, they told me an everyday story: a man worked at a factory where rockets were riveted. He wound the hulls on a unique and truly unparalleled machine. Missiles suddenly became unnecessary, they almost stopped paying salaries. The "crew" of the machine retired. The hero of the story began to work as a stoker in a boiler room (modern and sophisticated)
      Moved up the stairs. Time passed. Suddenly, an order for a factory, again they say rockets are needed. And there is no one to wind the body. They started looking for people. A machine that has no analogues in the present. Nobody can. They found with difficulty a person in the heat power industry. Come on, they say, back to us! Duty is calling! He sent them away. You can't quit your new job!
      As a result, they were able to pull him out for a short time. Wound, showed how to work. And he went to his "Heat ...."

      We love not to put people in a penny. And as the thunder breaks out, they start yelling "The Motherland is in danger! Help!!!"

      Sarmatian do not go over the field. So much forgotten and lost...

      Let's hope we can make it.
      1. +1
        22 January 2022 04: 21
        As a result, they were able to pull him out for a short time. Wound, showed how to work. And he went to his "Heat ...."
        We love not to put people in a penny

        I love listening to stories like this. Twice on the "cell in the bottling" - and you just can't hear anything. wassat
        Only the adjuster usually forgets to say that there is a mechanic service with locksmiths, a power engineering service with intelligent electricians, and an industrial electronics department with intelligent electricians and engineers. And all of them graze any machine, any line in their part. Yes, not one. And not alone. And not a damn thing happens either to the planet or to a specific workshop if a tram runs over any "genius".
        1. +1
          31 January 2022 10: 49
          Quote: dauria
          As a result, they were able to pull him out for a short time. Wound, showed how to work. And he went to his "Heat ...."
          We love not to put people in a penny

          I love listening to stories like this. Twice on the "cell in the bottling" - and you just can't hear anything. wassat
          Only the adjuster usually forgets to say that there is a mechanic service with locksmiths, a power engineering service with intelligent electricians, and an industrial electronics department with intelligent electricians and engineers. And all of them graze any machine, any line in their part. Yes, not one. And not alone. And not a damn thing happens either to the planet or to a specific workshop if a tram runs over any "genius".

          I’ll tell you a little secret. It was like that in the USSR and for some more time. At present, all these services have been fucked up for a long time, and the chief engineer-general is retired. In short, there was a normal general director with his team.
      2. +1
        22 January 2022 07: 14
        This story about the winder is very typical for the 90s and could be repeated everywhere. For example, I heard about one winder at the "chemical equipment" plant, who went to a modern (at that time) boiler room. True, the boiler house itself was located (and right now it is in the same place) 100 meters from the workshop. Well, when the renewal of this very equipment was needed, the peasant was invited back, and he returned.
      3. 0
        April 18 2022 10: 14
        "not forgotten and lost" - but it left with "Yuzhmash" to the greatest regret, "Krasmash" sculpted satellites and had to be reconstructed under ICBMs
    2. 0
      22 January 2022 06: 54
      But in simple language and shorter, could all this be written?
      And it's Saturday morning. I read this "industrial language style" and feel with horror that it was as if I had left work ..
      In essence, the element base is serious. But, I’m embarrassed to ask, how was the Voevoda done 30 years ago?
      What are these elements?
      And there is no need to write that the Sarmatian systems are still radical. Of course, the progress of the design is inevitable, but I believe that at the core is a common beginning.
      So where did Yuzhmash (the Soviet Union) take those very elements at one time?
      1. +3
        22 January 2022 16: 59
        In Ukraine, those elements remained in Kharkov. And those have long passed to the non-ferrous metal.
    3. 0
      22 January 2022 11: 18
      It's a pity, it's a pity ... smart ... but already almost dead ...
    4. +1
      22 January 2022 16: 56
      In short, the management of the project from the very beginning as a whole by the Ministry of Defense and the Makeevites was neither in the star nor in the red army ...
  8. +2
    21 January 2022 22: 57
    Damn, I never would have thought, but, damn it, it's better than Damantsev
  9. 0
    21 January 2022 23: 10
    And again, delays, sadly.
  10. -2
    22 January 2022 06: 27
    Of course, we have a lot of missiles.
  11. -1
    22 January 2022 21: 51
    I drank the dough is going well.
  12. 0
    23 January 2022 01: 09
    We will crush them even without Sarmat.
  13. -1
    23 January 2022 12: 46
    How much did you pay for "noodles"?
    1. 0
      26 February 2022 22: 29
      There are no electronics for the Sarmatian, but there is for the Vanguard, or maybe there is another reason?