Military Review

115 years since the birth of the brilliant Soviet designer Sergei Korolev

47
115 years since the birth of the brilliant Soviet designer Sergei Korolev

Today, January 12, 2022, marks exactly 115 years since the birth of the greatest scientist and designer Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. To say that this man of genius made a tangible contribution to the development of domestic rocket science and astronautics is to say nothing.


Born into a family that had nothing to do with the exact sciences and engineering, Korolev made the USSR an advanced rocket and space power. As a matter of fact, even today our space industry continues to actively use its developments. But first things first.

In 1929, Sergei Pavlovich graduated from the Moscow State Technical University. N.E. Bauman, having defended his thesis - the project of the SK-4 aircraft under the guidance of A.N. Tupolev. It is worth noting that even then Korolev proved himself to be an outstanding aircraft designer and a talented glider pilot.

In 1931 S.P. Korolev, together with Friedrich Zander, organized the rocket organization "Jet Propulsion Study Group", which already in 1933 carried out a test launch of the first domestic liquid-propellant ballistic missile "GIRD-09", marking the beginning of a new industry in our country.

Like many great people, the fate of S.P. The queen was not easy. Despite the highest services to the Motherland, in 1938 he became a victim of unreasonable repressions. He was sentenced to 10 years in prison, but in 1944 the scientist was released ahead of schedule by the decision of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

In 1946, Sergei Pavlovich was appointed chief designer of a long-range ballistic missile at NII-88, but the brilliant engineer dreamed of something else. The main goal of Korolev was the conquest of outer space, and already in 1949 he began the path to its realization, using modifications of the R-1A ballistic missile to study the parameters of near space and the Earth's magnetic field.

In 1956, OKB-1 under the leadership of S.P. The Queen becomes an independent organization. It is worth noting that today it continues to function and is known as RSC Energia.

Already in 1957, thanks to Korolev and his team of designers, the whole world began to talk about the Soviet Union as a great space power. It was this year that our country successfully launched the first stories human artificial satellite. But the achievements of the brilliant scientist are not limited to this.

Later, under his leadership, the first automatic interplanetary stations "Luna-1", "Luna-2" and "Luna-3" were designed and launched. Last but not least, transmitted images of the far side of our natural satellite.

However, Korolyov brought one of the most significant "space" victories to our Motherland in 1961. It was on the manned spacecraft "Vostok" created by him that the historic orbital flight of Yuri Gagarin took place.

Finally, we should not forget that the modern Soyuz MS spacecraft, on which manned missions to the ISS are still carried out, is a modification of the Soyuz, created by Korolev in the 60s of the last century.

Sergei Pavlovich Korolev died on January 14, 1966. However, his legacy in our country lives and will live for many more decades. The developments of the brilliant designer today formed the basis of the latest Russian spacecraft, and his achievements inspire and motivate thousands of young professionals around the world.

Speaking of experts. Last year, on the 114th anniversary of the birth of S.P. Koroleva, American engineer and head of SpaceX Elon Musk posted a tweet in Russian.

He was great

- wrote the creator of the Falcon 9 rocket and the Crew Dragon manned spacecraft about Sergei Pavlovich.

The name of Korolev is carried by settlements, streets, educational institutions. And this name is the real glory of Russian cosmonautics, a name that is associated with overcoming obstacles in achieving a high goal.
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  1. yuriy55
    yuriy55 12 January 2022 13: 29
    +17
    Great person. Purposefulness, tremendous willpower ...
    It is right that they remembered ... The country should know its heroes, not whistlers and talking heads ...
    1. spirit
      spirit 12 January 2022 13: 38
      +3
      But for the country it was a consumable until it was needed for
      creating parity with the Americans. Thank God the Queen had an incredible will to live, returned from almost the other world hi
      And how many Korolevs did not return (((Perhaps they were already on Mars now crying
      1. military_cat
        military_cat 12 January 2022 13: 42
        -10
        he became a victim of unreasonable repression

        The enemies of the communists are again inventing something about unreasonable repression. I sat for the waste of folk remedies, it only went to the good, what a successful person I have become.
        1. Avior
          Avior 12 January 2022 14: 00
          +7
          both the first and the second are known to Korolev, there is no waste in the accusation. Not to mention the fact that the accusations were officially recognized as false and he was fully rehabilitated.
          At least on his birthday, it is not worth replicating these inventions roaming the Internet: ((((
          1. Hiroo Onoda
            Hiroo Onoda 12 January 2022 14: 11
            0
            Quote: Avior
            both the first and the second are known to Korolev, there is no waste in the accusation. Not to mention the fact that the accusations were officially recognized as false and he was fully rehabilitated.
            At least on his birthday, it is not worth replicating these inventions roaming the Internet: ((((

            The fool understands that the accusations were false, on denunciation, simply to the fans of the FSU, any, even fair, accusations of their idols are like salt on a wound.
          2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
            Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 12 January 2022 14: 17
            -14
            Scientists with wrong ideas and calculations can cause damage to such a country that waste is a trifle. Here in Nazi Germany, nuclear physicists led the Fuhrer by the nose and squandered people's money, but they never made an atomic bomb. And they were not punished, which is the most important thing. We would have been erased into camp dust for this!
            Likewise, Korolev - he is not so innocent, white and fluffy! ... He has a fault, it just has not been fully investigated.
            1. Infinity
              Infinity 12 January 2022 14: 32
              +4
              Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
              people with wrong ideas and calculations
              Do they always have to be correct? Scientists what, demigods, so as not to make mistakes and know everything? Sometimes, in order to realize the incorrectness of the approach, you need to "fill a bump", and only in practice and over time it becomes clear which approaches are the best and in what cases. It is a fact.
              And by the way, if Hitler had not unleashed the war, he would have completely gotten nuclear weapons, and better ballistic missiles, and better jet aircraft. Toward the end of the war, they could not take and change direction - there were no resources, it was necessary to "finish off" the existing development. And then, even for this, both we and the Americans hunted after the war.
              Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
              He has a fault, it just has not been fully investigated.
              I wonder which one? That after all this hell he became the father of our astronautics? That he knew how to get the necessary (and usually correct) decisions from the party nomenklatura, and not be led by officials? That it was thanks to him that the USSR was the first? Is it his fault, in your opinion ?!
          3. Sanichsan
            Sanichsan 12 January 2022 15: 48
            0
            how cute ... fighters against the cult of personality mold the cult of personality at every opportunity good
            Quote: Avior
            both the first and the second are known to Korolev, there is no waste in the accusation.

            right. there is sabotage request for two hundred thousand rubles. even those. if I'm not mistaken laughing and there are also in the archives not only denunciations of the Queen, but also denunciations of the Queen himself, which he scribbled no less actively than his colleagues request
            Quote: Avior
            Not to mention the fact that the accusations were officially recognized as false and he was fully rehabilitated.

            where? when? by whom? reference please. hi
            Quote: Avior
            At least on his birthday, it is not worth replicating these inventions roaming the Internet: ((((

            I hope you were talking to yourself? but most likely not No.
            history needs to be known as it is, and not licked and drenched in syrup!
            PS
            And yet, the successes of Soviet rocketry are not the result of Korolev's genius, but the result of the work of a large team in which Korolev played an important leading role. Korolyov himself never attributed these successes to himself personally and always said that these were the successes of the KB.
            article - liberal propaganda trying to create an image of a genius who created contrary to the system, in short, just nonsense request
        2. Squelcher
          Squelcher 12 January 2022 14: 20
          +6
          But Georgy Erikhovich Langemaak and other scientists were not as lucky as Korolev.
          1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
            Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 12 January 2022 15: 46
            0
            And they fell under the bad influence of the Trotskyist and adventurer Tukhachevsky - that's why it happened. Do not stop them in time, it is not known what would have happened in 1941 when the Germans attacked.
      2. yuriy55
        yuriy55 12 January 2022 13: 45
        +10
        Quote: spirit
        That's just for the country, he was a consumable ...

        For the country, he was an exemplary son. It's just that there was a time in the USSR when the fate of the greats was determined by denunciations, anonymous letters, slander by the same scoundrels, exposed with authority and power ...
        1. frog
          frog 12 January 2022 16: 45
          -1
          It's just that there was a time in the USSR when the fate of the greats was determined by denunciations, anonymous letters, slander by the same scoundrels, exposed with authority and power ...

          Loyal Leninists, consistent Marxists, naturally loyal party members ...
          And yet, yes, based on your phrase - both those and others were .... "the same" ..... It sounds strange, you would have decided whether or not)) .....
      3. Infinity
        Infinity 12 January 2022 13: 48
        0
        When even Elon Musk recognizes the greatness of Korolev and names in honor of him and our other engineers the halls in the main office of SpaceX, and puts commemorative busts for them there, in our archive his party card was in a box with some junk at the dinner table. An acquaintance who went to the archives to write a scientific work told me about this. He even showed a photo. There are simply no words ...
        Quote: spirit
        But for the country it was a consumable until it was needed for
        creating parity with the Americans. Thank God the Queen had an incredible will to live, returned from almost the other world
        It was also lucky that they did not shoot, as the designer Ivan Terentyevich Kleymenov, one of the creators of the Katyusha. In general, I suppose, if it were not for the fabricated cases of 1938 against our designers, by 1941 there would have been more rocketry in service with the Red Army. And we would not have had to copy the V-2 in the first stages, we would have looked for German engineers and their documentation in 1945 to race with the Americans - we would have had our own such rocket.
      4. Blacksmith 55
        Blacksmith 55 12 January 2022 14: 51
        +2
        I do not diminish the merits of Korolev.
        But what kind of nonsense is the author talking about?
        Writes: the first Soviet ballistic missile!
        The rocket rose to a height of only 430 meters.
        It was an achievement, but talking about ballistic is somehow exaggerated.
      5. Glory1974
        Glory1974 13 January 2022 09: 04
        +1
        But for the country it was a consumable until it was needed for
        creating parity with the Americans.

        Don't ask what the country has done for you, ask what you have done for the country. One of the American presidents said, in fact, I think it is true.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. keeper03
      keeper03 12 January 2022 14: 14
      +1
      Know the generation Unified State Examination who are obliged and who needs to be honored !!! yes fellow soldier
    4. carpenter
      carpenter 12 January 2022 15: 10
      +1
      Quote: yuriy55
      Great person. Purposefulness, tremendous willpower ...
      It is right that they remembered ... The country should know its heroes, not whistlers and talking heads ...

      The greatest man, eternal memory of him. Well at least for Military Review did not forget about him.
    5. astepanov
      astepanov 12 January 2022 15: 18
      +4
      Among other things, not only a great designer, but also a great manager. Only in this combination - a deep understanding of technology, a correct assessment of the capabilities of subcontractors, the ability to "start" a team, the ability to politicize (knock out money from the management, "break through" necessary and real programs, etc.) and great people appear. Not like now. We are looking for football coaches all over the world, and the most complex Roscosmos is run by an ex-journalist with a fake Ph.D. diploma. You have to figure it out: to ditch more than 3 billion rubles to send artists into space to shoot a crappy film, while disrupting the astronaut rotation program, depriving the ISS of a fair amount of water (one bottle of water - 3000 grins). However, there is also Chubais - a berry of the same field. They live by the principle: shit - and for a raise ...
      1. slipped
        slipped 13 January 2022 03: 19
        -2
        Quote: astepanov
        You have to think about it:


        Write such nonsense here. laughing If you do not know the topic, then it is better to be silent, maybe you will pass for a smart one. lol

        Flight of space arts filmmakers already brought great dividends both in terms of attracting new "cosmotourists" and in terms of practical obtaining of space technology for accelerated training of space flight participants. Not to mention the fact that there is still a movie to be shown that people will watch.

        And today the crew is preparing for the flight to the Soyuz MS-21, consisting of:



        On January 19, our ISS crew will have their first spacewalk this year, they will prepare the Prichal module for new docking:

        1. astepanov
          astepanov 13 January 2022 09: 41
          +1
          If you do not know the topic, then it is better to be silent, maybe you will pass for a smart one.
          No, my dear, it looks like you work as a petty clerk for Rogozin, and therefore, protecting your patron, you are flogging nonsense. "Accelerated training" only means that these fellows can be delivered to the ISS as live cargo. And the training of an astronaut means the formation of a colossal array of knowledge and practical skills, and that is why it is so lengthy. As for the fact that someone there will watch a film, in the domestic cinema, not a single film has ever made a profit that exceeds the cost of launching a spaceship. So all this is Rogozin's journalistic PR, devoid of specific meaning. And the disruption of the research program - how much does it cost? And the shift in the delivery time of the next crew? And how much does the health of astronauts cost, who will have to stick around senselessly in orbit, waiting for a change? No, I understand that Rogozin is your boss, and the position obliges. But if you continue to be rude, I will achieve an eternal ban for you.
          1. slipped
            slipped 13 January 2022 13: 40
            0
            Quote: astepanov
            If you do not know the topic, then it is better to be silent, maybe you will pass for a smart one.
            No, my dear, it looks like you work as a petty clerk for Rogozin


            Does not look like it. laughing I do not work "for Rogozin". I am a bloody capitalist exploiter. laughing

            Quote: astepanov
            "Accelerated training" means only that these fellows can be delivered to the ISS as live cargo.


            I repeat - If you don't know the topic ... laughing Video who prepared and how step by step is on Channel One. Now we can prepare any participants in space flight very quickly. An example is Maezawa with an employee who contributed a huge amount for the flight to the Roscosmos ticket office.

            Quote: astepanov
            And the training of an astronaut means the formation of a colossal array of knowledge and practical skills, and that is why it is so long-lasting.


            The fact of the matter is that no one prepares full-fledged cosmonauts from the UKP - they are passengers, but they know what space flight is and how to behave in it. Including as an assistant to a professional astronaut.

            Quote: astepanov
            As for the fact that someone there will watch a film, in the domestic cinema, not once and not a single film has brought a profit exceeding the cost of launching a spacecraft.


            This flight already made a profit in the form of new participants in space flights on our ships - two more commercial Soyuz MS are in production - the first of them will fly next year. What's not clear?

            Quote: astepanov
            And the disruption of the research program - how much does it cost?


            There is no "disruption of the research program", no need to lie. Many space experiments are underway on the ISS. Roskosmos publishes daily reports on the work of the crew. For example, a report on the work of the Russian crew for January 12 https://www.roscosmos.ru/33826/

            Quote: astepanov
            And the shift in the delivery time of the next crew?


            You're lying again. The change of the Russian crew of the station took place on time. Cosmonaut Novitsky would be replaced by cosmonaut Shkaplerov. Cosmonaut Dubrov was happy to stay for another six months, as did the American astronaut Wanda Hai - they are carrying out their program of biomedical research.

            Quote: astepanov
            And how much does the health of astronauts cost, who will have to hang around senselessly in orbit, waiting for a shift?


            Is it pointless? laughing Has it collapsed from an oak tree? Here are the brainwashed. laughing

            Quote: astepanov
            But if you continue to be rude, I will achieve an eternal ban for you.


            Do you want to close everything so that your virtual reality does not suffer? Oh well. laughing
            1. astepanov
              astepanov 13 January 2022 15: 03
              0
              Quote: slipped
              Cosmonaut Dubrov was happy to stay for another six months,

              You, my dear man, have never studied science and therefore are talking nonsense. Dubrov stayed for his own pleasure as a guinea pig? Are you aware that any experiments require a material base: instruments, reagents, consumables? And if Dubrov has completed his program, then he has nothing to start a new one: it is too expensive to carry "just in case in reserve." Yulia Peresild and director Klim Shipenko went into space instead of the Russian cosmonaut Andrei Babkin, who had been preparing for this flight all his life. He is already over 50, there is almost no chance. Instead of finding money, making an additional ship, they took a ship under the federal space program, paid for by the government, on which professional astronauts were supposed to fly. There was a flight plan, and this whole plan was redrawn. Instead of finding money, making an additional ship, they took a ship under the federal space program, paid for by the government, on which professional astronauts were supposed to fly. There was a flight plan, and this whole plan was redrawn. So much for your "experiments". Who will fly next? Danya Milokhin? Morgenstern? Buzov? Were a great space power - they became a laughing stock. You would at least not climb on the page about S.P. Korolev with ridiculous tales about Rogozin. The mere fact that he acquired the diploma of "Doctor of Technical Sciences" without a twinge of conscience says a lot about him.
              1. slipped
                slipped 13 January 2022 16: 29
                +1
                Quote: astepanov
                You, my dear man, have never been engaged in science, and therefore you are talking nonsense. Dubrov stayed for his own pleasure as a guinea pig?


                Why, if we can ask Dubrov himself about his annual mission, who reported that: ".....this experience can be useful in terms of preparation for missions beyond the Earth's orbit, since the probability that an astronaut without flight experience will fly will be higher. So for me, this development of events is also a test for which I am ready."

                Is he satisfied with his opinion on this issue? Or is yours superior? lol

                Quote: astepanov
                And if Dubrov has completed his program, then he has nothing to start a new one: it is too expensive to carry "just in case in reserve."


                Again personal inventions? Sometimes it's better to really chew. laughing

                Well, I'm already tired of you. The forest is there. From there you can carry any nonsense from your virtuality. There are trees - they do not care.
                1. astepanov
                  astepanov 13 January 2022 16: 45
                  0
                  Well, since you have nothing to say in essence - go, Vasya. Kiss Rogozin on the gums, because he is a soap giant, the father of Russian cosmonautics. And what are you ashamed to tell about his doctoral degree?
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 12 January 2022 13: 42
    +7
    Titanium. I have endured so much, I have not lost anything. Implemented 100%. And he didn’t whine about the fact that the state didn’t give him something. Rather, on the contrary ...
  3. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 12 January 2022 13: 44
    +9
    Great person, idealist and skillful organizer. Now we really miss people like him ..
  4. Avior
    Avior 12 January 2022 13: 54
    +5
    he became a victim of unreasonable repression

    But these very unjustified repressions against him were carried out by very specific people who after that lived a long happy life, full of honor and respect - there is a database on the Internet.
    And the grandchildren, probably, were told about their participation in space exploration: ((((
  5. Hypertension
    Hypertension 12 January 2022 13: 55
    +2
    Titanium!
    "Astronautics has an unlimited future, and its prospects are as limitless as the Universe itself."
    "There are no barriers to human thought."
    “Keep in mind that if you do it quickly and badly, then people will forget what you did quickly and remember what you did wrong. If you do it slowly and well, then people will forget what you did slowly and remember that you done well! "
    "Konstantin Eduardovich shocked then with his belief in the possibility of space navigation, I left him with one thought - to build rockets and fly on them. The whole meaning of my life was one thing - to get to the stars ..."
    (S.P. Korolev)
  6. Crimean partisan 1974
    Crimean partisan 1974 12 January 2022 13: 59
    +3
    Sergey Pavlovich Korolev is the personification of knowing the unknown ... eternal memory to him ... and space to him in eternity
  7. Aleksandr97
    Aleksandr97 12 January 2022 14: 04
    +3
    Undoubtedly a great designer and organizer, whose genius took the first real steps in space exploration !!.

    The story of the arrests in sabotage is very ugly, but it was:

    Sergei Pavlovich Korolyov sat down on a denunciation. Moreover. It is well known who wrote this denunciation. This is the chief engineer of the Jet Research Institute (RNII) Georgy Erikhovich Langemak, a protégé of Tukhachevsky himself.
    Having thundered into jail soon after his patron, Langemak, in order to save his own skin, began to write denunciations against his colleagues. One of the first denunciations concerned the Queen. The same denunciation of Sergei Pavlovich was written by the former head of the RNII Ivan Terentyevich Kleimenov (also a protege of Tukhachevsky), with whom Korolev did not get along back in the early 30s, being his deputy.
    In 1936, he was developing a gunpowder winged torpedo; Knowing in advance that the main parts of this torpedo - devices with photocells - for controlling the torpedo and aiming it at the target, cannot be manufactured by the central laboratory of wire communication, Korolev, in order to load the institute with unnecessary work, intensively developed the missile part of this torpedo in 2 versions ...
    As a result of this test, four torpedoes built by Korolev showed their complete unsuitability, which caused damage to the state in the amount of 120 rubles and delayed the development of other, more relevant topics (ld 000-250).
    In 1937, when developing the side compartment of a torpedo (winged), he made a sabotage calculation, as a result of which research work on the creation of a torpedo was disrupted (ld 23-24, 256).
    Artificially delayed the timing of the manufacture and testing of defense facilities (object 212) (case sheets 21, 54, 255), etc.
    On the basis of this, he was accused of sabotage, as a member of the Trotskyist sabotage organization, on whose instructions he carried out criminal work at NII-3 to disrupt the development and commissioning of new types of weapons by the Red Army, i.e. in the crimes of Art. 58-7, 58-11 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR.

    Exposed by testimony: Kleymenova, Langemak, Glushko; testimony of witnesses: Smirnov, Rokhmachev, Kostikov, Shitov, Efremov, Bukin, Dushkin and acts of expert commissions.
    1. Squelcher
      Squelcher 12 January 2022 14: 26
      0
      Even military officers who had gone through the crucible of revolution and civil war in the humane hands of the NKVD were injected and reported. What do you want from scientists without Langenmack, reactive systems are unlikely to have appeared.
    2. military_cat
      military_cat 12 January 2022 14: 29
      -3
      Quote: Aleksandr97
      Having thundered into jail soon after his patron, Langemak, in order to save his own skin, began to write denunciations

      I wonder how long the author of this text would have held out in the investigator's office against the mop. Korolev, after the arrest and "investigative actions", also pleaded guilty, but both are not testimonies, but the groans of tortured people. Later, Korolev refused to confess, but Langemak did not have such an opportunity - he was shot.
      1. Squelcher
        Squelcher 12 January 2022 14: 37
        +1
        Quickly you change your sneakers
        Quote: military_cat
        he became a victim of unreasonable repression

        The enemies of the communists are again inventing something about unreasonable repression. I sat for the waste of folk remedies, it only went to the good, what a successful person I have become.
        1. military_cat
          military_cat 12 January 2022 14: 41
          +2
          I was somehow even surprised that someone took a commentary beginning with the words "enemies of the communists" in serious cabbage soup. It's practically a meme.
          1. Squelcher
            Squelcher 12 January 2022 21: 05
            +3
            Got it, take off my hat!
      2. Aleksandr97
        Aleksandr97 12 January 2022 14: 58
        +1
        Konstantin Konstantinovich Rokossovsky
        - did not break and did not slander anyone.
        1. military_cat
          military_cat 12 January 2022 15: 46
          0
          Not everyone is given to be Rokossovsky. I think that you are not Rokossovsky either.
    3. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 12 January 2022 16: 07
      +2
      Quote: Aleksandr97
      Having thundered into jail shortly after his patron, Langemak, in order to save his own skin, began to write denunciations against his colleagues.

      is it? and not before he sat down, while still working at the RNII? and Langemak himself, by chance, did not sit down at the denunciation of the Queen?
  8. Avior
    Avior 12 January 2022 14: 14
    +7
    Attempts to continue pouring dirt on the great man's grave look disgusting.
    The falsity of the accusations in the first verdict was so obvious that it was canceled and in return they concocted another, equally deceitful. But later this bvl was also officially recognized as false, and Korolev was completely rehabilitated.
    But someone still itching to continue to throw mud at him. At least on their birthday they were ashamed.: (((
    1. Aleksandr97
      Aleksandr97 12 January 2022 14: 47
      +2
      Korolev, Glushko, Langemak and others are undoubtedly great designers, engineers and organizers of breakthrough technologies.
      It is our common sorrow that they have gone through repressions and years of camps.
      But they just wrote denunciations against each other cannot evoke respect ...
      1. Avior
        Avior 12 January 2022 15: 37
        +3
        This is not grief, but a crime for which no one has ever answered.
        On November 2, 1937, G.E. Langemak was arrested by the NKVD in Moscow as a German spy.
        The indictment, dated December 31, 1937, is based on the only interrogation record, dated December 15, 1937
        The investigator of G.E. Langemak was a 28-year-old junior lieutenant of the NKVD Shestakov Mikhail Nikolaevich - he was also in charge of the Korolev case.
        Mikhail Ivanovich had a difficult time - the German spy locked himself up.
        stubbornly refused to plead guilty to anything. Only on the twelfth day after his arrest on November 14, 1937, Langemack signed a statement that he
        "I decided to give up my worthless denial and give testimony to the investigation about my counter-revolutionary activities."

        and after that he named Kleymenov (he was arrested simultaneously with Langemak and also shot), Korolev, Glushko, and Pobedonostsev as members of the "anti-Soviet organization".
        On January 11, 1938, Langemak was shot.
        Approximately at the same time, when he was being shot, rockets, developed with his active participation, were adopted by the Red Army. It didn't help him in any way.
        According to the Decision of the Supreme Court of the USSR (No. 4n-011852/55 of November 21, 1955), at its meeting on November 19, 1955, the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court chaired by Colonel of Justice Lebedkov and members: Lieutenant Colonels of Justice Romanov and Shalaginov determined: “... the verdict ... of January 11, 1938 in respect of Langemak Georgy Erikhovich, due to newly discovered circumstances, to cancel, and the case on his accusation on the basis of paragraph 5 of Art. 4 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the RSFSR in a criminal order to terminate in the absence of corpus delicti in his actions ... ". G.E. Langemak was completely rehabilitated.

        In 1970, the International Astronomical Union named the crater on the far side of the Moon after George Langemak.

        Investigator Mikhail Nikolayevich Shestakov, who concocted the cases of Langemak and Korolyov, was awarded orders and medals, lived a long and happy life, and died in Moscow in 2009 at the age of 100.
        He "did not remember" any Korolev
        “Years later, journalist Yaroslav Golovanov found the former lieutenant Shestakov. But Mikhail Nikolaevich, a retired colonel, naturally,“ did not remember ”Korolev, although he read an obituary with a photograph published in the newspaper Pravda ...”

        Didn't even notice. There were a lot of them, enemies of the people and other foreign spies, you can't remember all of them, you never know who went into space first: ((.
        But they just wrote denunciations against each other cannot evoke respect ...

        Respect cannot cause a stubborn desire to throw at least a bit of dirt on the people who made the glory of the country by spreading outright slander. : ((
        hi
        1. Aleksandr97
          Aleksandr97 13 January 2022 08: 51
          0
          The absurdity of the accusatory definition and "white thread" through and through false exposure of "spies" is obvious! !!
          Systemic falsification of the investigation with blind judicial stamping led to a monstrous frenzy comparable only to the Red Terror of 1918-1920.
          I agree that the topic is very far from the anniversary of S.P. Queen.
          The only thing, maybe it is worth remembering these tragic pages of history, if only they do not repeat themselves and pay tribute.
          hi
  9. Million
    Million 12 January 2022 14: 55
    +1
    Born into a family that had nothing to do with the exact sciences and engineering, Korolev made the USSR an advanced rocket and space power.

    What does this mean?
    With Rogozin, the story is reversed ...
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 January 2022 16: 04
      -8
      Rogozin himself delves into the technical and organizational aspects of the space industry. But his desires for the development of the industry are limited by rather modest funding for the space industry.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 12 January 2022 21: 06
        -4
        And his father was also directly related to the Energy Buran program - but alas, now, with a budget of 170 to 230 billion rubles a year for the entire industry from 36 enterprises and 180000 people, it is clearly not possible to accelerate to space breakthroughs, all in the long term in terms of financing.
    2. slipped
      slipped 13 January 2022 03: 41
      -2
      Quote: Million
      With Rogozin ...


      And with Rogozin last year two ISS modules were successfully launched into space and docked to the Russian segment:



      and this year two interplanetary automatic stations will fly to the Moon and Mars. Something like this. laughing
  10. alystan
    alystan 12 January 2022 17: 06
    +1
    A talent who realized his natural abilities in the Great Deeds of the Great Designer!
    1907 - born into a family that had nothing to do with the exact sciences and engineering;
    1917 - he is only 10 years old;
    1929 - graduated from the Moscow State Technical University. Bauman, having defended his thesis under the guidance of A.N. Tupolev.
    RS: His face reminds me very much of Lyudmila Zykina, like siblings, even pure twins. And both are not deprived of talent.