Military Review

Lewis machine gun: English development, implemented by an American officer

40

One of the most "cinematic" machine guns, at least - in Soviet cinema, in addition to "Maxim", it is quite possible to consider the Lewis machine gun. It is well guessed by its cooling jacket. And it was this machine gun that often became one of, so to speak, the technical "characters" of films, including those that narrated the events of the Civil War in our country.


Often the Lewis machine gun is simply called the "English machine gun." It appeared a year before the start of the First World War - in 1913. And its operation in the troops lasted for about 4 decades. Only by the mid-1950s, this machine gun finally lost its position.

Despite the fact that the machine gun is called English, the American officer Isaac Lewis became its actual creator. It was he who implemented the idea of ​​the British Samuel McLean - the idea of ​​an air-cooled machine gun.

Attention is drawn to the fact that the first army, which took the "Lewis" into service, was not the British and not even the American. This was the Belgian army, which received several units of such machine guns even before the start of the big war. By the way, Lewis himself was never able to give reasons for the command that such a machine gun could be useful to the American army.

The details of the recognizable Lewis machine gun are described on the Truth of Life channel:

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  1. sergo1914
    sergo1914 11 January 2022 09: 47
    +5
    Mikhalkov beautifully ran with him in "One among strangers, a stranger among friends." Well, Comrade Sukhov ... Will you give me a machine gun?
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 11 January 2022 10: 14
      +5
      Quote: sergo1914
      Mikhalkov beautifully ran with him in "One among strangers, a stranger among friends." Well, Comrade Sukhov ... Will you give me a machine gun?

      And there was also:

      and an article from 2014:
      https://topwar.ru/65210-idealnyy-kinogeroy-lyuis.html
      1. svp67
        svp67 11 January 2022 18: 53
        +3
        Quote: yuriy55
        And there was also:

        Father Makhno, his personal "guards" were armed with Lewis, they were called "Lewisists". Moving on horseback, they could quickly find themselves where the enemy was not expecting them and they more than once had a decisive influence in battle.
        1. kalibr
          kalibr 12 January 2022 20: 47
          +1
          Quote: svp67
          called Lewisists.

          Syphilitic! If translated into Russian!
          1. svp67
            svp67 12 January 2022 21: 37
            0
            Quote: kalibr
            Syphilitics!

            Vyacheslav hi, these are Lewisists, and Lewisists are Makhno's guards
            1. kalibr
              kalibr 13 January 2022 07: 20
              +1
              It sounds like it sounds ... In childhood, we quickly, quickly repeated the word train ...
  2. Aerodrome
    Aerodrome 11 January 2022 09: 50
    +1
    machine gun of comrade Sukhov ... "white sun of the desert"
    1. Niko
      Niko 11 January 2022 12: 07
      +6
      In the White Sun, they masked Lewis Degtyarev, a well-known fact.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 11 January 2022 15: 34
        +3
        Absolutely.
        "Repairing" Sukhov is really a real "Lewis", but he shoots from DP-27, under Lewis "disguised" by Mosfilm gunsmiths. smile
  3. Aleksandr97
    Aleksandr97 11 January 2022 09: 51
    +6
    In 1914, with the outbreak of war, the machine gun was adopted by the British army. Initially, the contract was signed with BSA (Birmingham Small Arms), and although the production of Lewis took 6 times less time than the easel Vickers and was 5 times cheaper, the company could not establish production weapons on the required scale. In this regard, the contract was transferred to the American Savage Arms Company. And only after stable production had been established, part of the contract was "ceded" to Russia.

  4. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 10: 02
    +5
    This video shows how the Lewis was shot from the machine ...

    Lewis also worked on an automatic rifle and created pistols ... In this video, about Lewis pistols ...
    1. Constanty
      Constanty 11 January 2022 11: 01
      0
      In this video about Lewis pistols ...



      Russian subtitles can be put!
      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 12: 07
        +6
        So what ? The article was about the Lewis machine gun ... that's why I mentioned the Lewis pistol "in passing", as if "in passing"! I put a couple of "machine-gun vidos", but I removed one video ... left with a machine-gun machine!
        1. Constanty
          Constanty 11 January 2022 12: 16
          +1
          and mentioned Lewis's pistol "in passing", as if "in passing"


          Me too - adding videos in which the device and the principle of operation can be seen much better.

          However, I see no reason for nervousness.
          I Greetings to you.
          1. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 12: 33
            +2
            Quote: Constanty
            However, I see no reason for nervousness.

            I'm not nervous! Probably, you did not fully understand my answer ... I have already stated the reason for the slight (!) Bewilderment ... But I fully admit that I was wrong, and you are right about the "device and principle"! (I have different videos in my "archive" ... I took what came ahead!
  5. Catfish
    Catfish 11 January 2022 10: 24
    +5
    Lewis was never able to give reasons for the command that such a machine gun could be useful to the American army.


    American warriors at one time and "Maxim" also did not appreciate. "There is no prophet in his own country!" (With) request
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 11 January 2022 11: 01
      +4
      Its weight, of course, in comparison with modern ones, but for its time, my personal opinion - the development is EXCELLENT! Proven "Lewis" on all continents his "competence")
      1. Constanty
        Constanty 11 January 2022 12: 12
        +1
        However, looking at the structure, numerous holes, etc., I get the impression that in the trench war of the First World War, its reliability should not be higher than that of Chaterelot. recourse
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 11 January 2022 13: 54
          +1
          But higher than that of "Shosh"!
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 11 January 2022 11: 13
      +3
      Good morning! hi
      In our Fatherland, it was just too tight with the "prophets"!
      And "Maxim" was not appreciated at first!
      And the "handbrake" from Madsen was seen only as a "serf rapid-fire gun".
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 11 January 2022 15: 18
        +2
        Hi Aleksey! hi
        Well, our "prophets" have nothing to do with "Madsen". But nevertheless they accepted and read somewhere that the Cossacks used it in the Russo-Japanese War, almost straight out of the saddle.
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 11 January 2022 16: 14
          +1
          So "thunder struck" in 1904 in the Far East and Russian generals ordered 1274 Madsen "s!
          The war ended and the generals decided to "forget" about light machine guns.
          The year 1914 came and "great again" - the complete absence of domestic production of light machine guns!
          On the one hand, there are few of them who produced them!
          But the First Imperialist and even from the "Maxim" burst out, as the Germans "did not think of" building a light machine gun.
          But during WWI they could have created a handbrake similar to the Soviet MT!
          They could have.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 11 January 2022 16: 28
            +2
            But during WWI they could have created a handbrake similar to the Soviet MT!

            All this is a temporary way out of the situation, both the Germans and the Russians understood this.

            1. hohol95
              hohol95 11 January 2022 16: 33
              +1
              But the Germans were honored with a "temporary solution"!
              They had no choice!
              And in the Republic of Ingushetia, all the gentlemen of the allies were asking questions - "Will they sell us" leftovers "from their arms arsenals or from orders in the United States?"
              And they collected a whole "zoo" of only rifles ...
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 11 January 2022 17: 00
                +1
                Yes, exactly what a "zoo" ... With machine guns too, this one lame "beast" (6100 pieces) cost the treasury ...

                But it could have had its own, albeit with a Danish surname.
                1. hohol95
                  hohol95 11 January 2022 17: 28
                  +1
                  Alas and ah ...
                  But all this is only "the dreams of an alternative man" ...
                  crying
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 11 January 2022 17: 31
                    +1
                    But all this is only "the dreams of an alternative man" ...


                    I do not consider myself to be in this category, it's just "offensive for the State" (c)
                    request
                    1. hohol95
                      hohol95 11 January 2022 17: 38
                      +1
                      And so it comes out - it becomes insulting for the Power! And in my head scenarios from the category "And if ... it would be ..." and so on begin to scroll!
                      But if only 8 armored vehicles on the local chassis could be produced, what else was it possible to produce in the required quantity ???
                      Only problems ...
                      Before the war, even the OFS for the "three-inch" was not worked out ...
                      They ordered from the Germans, but did not receive the order - the war began ...
                      Order shells from a potential enemy ...
                      crying crying crying
                      1. Catfish
                        Catfish 11 January 2022 18: 18
                        +1
                        Order shells from a potential enemy.

                        And with whom we didn’t fight mulberries, probably only with Andorra ?! laughing
                      2. hohol95
                        hohol95 11 January 2022 18: 35
                        +2
                        Principality of Liechtenstein and Monaco, Vatican, Switzerland, Portugal, Iceland, Ireland, Albania.
                      3. Catfish
                        Catfish 11 January 2022 19: 08
                        +2
                        Wow ... But Albania is a clear omission. wink
          2. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 18: 18
            +2
            Quote: hohol95
            even from the "Maxim" "did not think of" to build a light machine gun.
            But during WWI they could have created a handbrake similar to the Soviet MT!

            Yes sho there is a handbrake from the "maxim"! We could have made a submachine gun from the "maxim" together with the handbrake! How Schwarzlose realized this!
            1. hohol95
              hohol95 11 January 2022 18: 32
              +1
              On revolving cartridges?
              How was Tokarev in 1927?
              1. Nikolaevich I
                Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 19: 14
                0
                Quote: hohol95
                On revolving cartridges?
                How was Tokarev in 1927?

                Well, and what about? Here, as they say ... "what do you mean? What I have, I will enter!" Although, 9-mm Luger cartridges were familiar in Russia! Yes, sho there Luger! At the beginning of the 20th century, Browning No. 2 pistols chambered for .32 ACP entered service with the "law enforcement agencies" of the Republic of Ingushetia!
                1. hohol95
                  hohol95 11 January 2022 19: 39
                  0
                  But only 7,62 "Nagant" cartridges were produced !!!
                  Or spend "tsar's dengue" on the production of new cartridges (and will we buy weapons that shoot these cartridges, or will we buy?) Or cook up a "shooter", and buy cartridges from friends-Europians!
                  1. Nikolaevich I
                    Nikolaevich I 11 January 2022 20: 25
                    +2
                    Quote: hohol95
                    Buy cartridges from your Europian friends!

                    Duc, bought the same! What we didn’t buy in WW1!
                    1. hohol95
                      hohol95 11 January 2022 21: 26
                      +1
                      Have bought crying
                      So much of the monarch's gold was spent ...
                      And why our "wonderful heroes" could not fight with pitchforks and axes - they all asked for "kulemets" and "screw muskets", boots and so on!
                      In Russian-Japanese they asked to eat everything - they bought canned meat (slightly expired) for them from the Americans. They spent the tsar's money, and these "village idiots" were afraid of her! Well, just think, a few of the fellow soldiers were poisoned - after all, they suffered for the Tsar Batyuzhka!
                      Should be proud !!! drinks
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 11 January 2022 19: 09
              +2
              It is impossible to kill a human thought, even from this (censorship). drinks
  6. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 12 January 2022 15: 07
    +1
    I admire this machine gun for one of its systems. Admiration and sincere bewilderment. I would be grateful if anyone could explain.
    Lewis has implemented, in my opinion, the best solution for barrel cooling. The ejector principle of pumping liquids (from the point of view of hydraulics, gas is also a liquid, the only question is the density) is extremely effective and successful in weapons.
    The gas that has already escaped from the bore is the waste of the shot. However, he still has a lot of energy. Using it to pump air along the barrel is great! After all, the efficiency of barrel cooling directly depends on the speed of the air stream along the surface of the barrel, or, as in the case of Lewis, in the fin channels.
    And now the bewilderment. The mass of small arms has different types of nets around the barrel. Apparently, it starts with the PPSh, or about that. But why?! It's stupid, stupid, senseless! Taking a closed outer casing, with inlet nozzles like Lewis, and extending it beyond the barrel cut, again like ..., you can create a high-speed air flow with each shot, cooling the barrel several times more efficiently than a mesh! Why doesn't anyone do this?
    Can anyone explain?
    1. aglet
      aglet 18 January 2022 10: 09
      0
      "it is possible to create a high-velocity air stream with each shot, cooling the barrel several times more efficiently than the mesh!"
      the mesh, as you call it, or the casing, as it is actually called, serves to protect against burns from a hot barrel, and not for cooling. you can see the heating of the pp barrel is not so fatal as to force it to cool