Military Review

Strategic weapons of new classes for the Russian Navy

31
The carrier of the Poseidon apparatus in the demo video. This role will soon be taken on by "Belgorod" and "Khabarovsk"

Currently, within the framework of the general development of the strategic nuclear forces, a whole range of new projects of various kinds are being developed. Some promising samples are being created for the naval fleet, and we are talking about weapons and equipment of different classes, incl. fundamentally new. The completion of these projects is expected to have a positive impact on the strike capabilities of the Navy, as well as change its role in strategic nuclear forces and containment processes.


Special media


The core of the naval component of the nuclear triad is made up of carriers of strategic weapons. In particular, for some promising samples weapons special-purpose carrier submarines are being created. Recently, the current state and prospects of one of these projects have become known.

According to TASS, on December 25 the general director of the Sevmash plant Nikolai Budnichenko spoke about the beginning of state tests of the special nuclear submarine K-329 Belgorod. They are planning to complete them next year. More precise dates have not been named, but there is reason to believe that by the end of 2022 the ship will enter the combat composition of the fleet and will be able to carry out patrol missions.

According to known data, the future submarine "Belgorod" was originally built according to the project of the multipurpose nuclear submarine "949A", but the construction was frozen. In 2012, the submarine was re-mortgaged; now it was planned to finish building it according to special project 09852. In April 2019, the completed submarine was taken out of the boathouse and launched. Factory tests soon began, and by now the nuclear submarine has passed to the state.

Experienced product "Poseidon"

Reportedly, the K-329 "Belgorod" will become the first regular carrier of the Poseidon unmanned underwater attack vehicles. Together with them, the cruiser will receive a special place in the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces and in the containment system as a whole. In addition, there is information about the possible equipping of "Belgorod" with other types of underwater vehicles intended for reconnaissance and other work.

The second carrier of the Poseidons will be the only nuclear submarine of the special pr. 09851 - Khabarovsk. This ship was laid down in July 2014, and the launch was supposed to take place in 2021. By the middle of the decade, the submarine may enter the combat composition of the fleet. Other details are unknown.

В the news In recent years, there has been another special submarine - "Ulyanovsk" of project 09853. It was reported that it was laid down in 2017, and no later than 2027 it will be transferred to the fleet. Technical details are lacking, but it is assumed that Ulyanovsk will also be able to carry Poseidon products or newer weapons of a similar class.

Nuclear drone


In parallel with the construction of the launch vehicles, work continues on the Poseidon itself. In recent years, it has been reported that tests of individual components and assemblies are being carried out, as well as the imminent start of inspections of full-fledged experimental products. This year there have been some interesting news about the unmanned underwater vehicle and support projects.

Satellite image from Maxar, presumably with an experienced Poseidon

In mid-January, RIA FAN, referring to its sources, announced the construction of a new facility for the Navy, which will actually become the base for the Poseidons. In an unknown place, the necessary infrastructure is being built for the storage, maintenance and preparation of unmanned vehicles, as well as for their transfer to carrier submarines. The work at the facility was planned to be completed by the summer of 2022.

Apparently, tests of full-fledged experienced Poseidons have already begun. Possible proof of this was presented in August by satellite operator Maxar Technologies and then published by Covert Shores and USNI News. The satellite image captured the port of Severodvinsk, where a special oceanographic vessel “Akademik Aleksandrov” was docked at the berth. An oblong object was present at the stern of the ship.

Foreign experts suggested that this elongated product is a prototype of the Poseidon. From this, it was concluded that sea trials were carried out. However, no other evidence was provided, and this version did not receive official confirmation or refutation.

The current state and immediate prospects of the Poseidon project remain unknown. At the same time, it is clear that the work continues and is gradually moving to new stages. We should already expect to carry out full-fledged tests, incl. and with a regular carrier. In addition, according to this year's news, the infrastructure is being prepared for future operation. All this provides well-known reasons for optimism.

SSBN "Prince Oleg" - the embodiment of the "traditional" approach to the nuclear potential of the fleet

New missiles


Several years ago it became known about the development of unusual strategic weapons for the Navy - the so-called. bottom missile complex with the code "Skif". In the future, he was almost forgotten, but a few days ago he again became the topic of publications. At the suggestion of Gazeta.ru, the Skif missile system is being discussed in the same context as the Poseidon unmanned aerial vehicle. The publications on the two products examine their potential and their ability to influence the capabilities of the fleet.

As reported, the "Skif" project was developed by the State Research and Development Center im. V.P. Makeeva. In 2013, the design stage was completed, after which tests of an unknown nature began. Already in 2017, it was reported that the new type of missile systems "are included in the arsenal of the armed forces." However, details were not given then, and new messages were no longer received. As a result, the current status of the project and its real prospects are unknown.

According to reports from previous years, the Skif project envisages the construction of a special autonomous launcher. A special carrier submarine must deliver it to a given area and install it on the seabed. The watch is carried out offline; the launch is carried out by a command from the control center. Some sources reported that the installation can both be on duty at a given place, and independently change position.

In reports about the "Skif" it was mentioned that the installation would carry a ballistic missile with a range of at least 300 km. Other technical details are still unknown. At the same time, it was reported that there are a number of fundamental advantages that will allow the complex to perform tasks at the strategic level.

Strategic weapons of new classes for the Russian Navy
Bulava missile launch by Knyaz Vladimir submarine

Development trends


The naval component has a special role and special significance within the framework of the strategic nuclear forces, and therefore every effort is made to preserve, develop and modernize it. These tasks are accomplished in two main ways. The first consists in the further development of the available means and forces, and the second involves the creation and development of fundamentally new concepts and models.

The first path of development is manifested in the constant modernization of old-type strategic submarine missile carriers and in the construction of new ones. The same processes are observed in the field of submarine ballistic missiles. The next results of this could be observed the other day. The delivery of the new SSBN "Prince Oleg" and the withdrawal of a similar submarine "Generalissimo Suvorov" from the boathouse were consistently carried out.

The second development method poses more complex challenges, but our industry is coping with them successfully. It develops and builds promising unmanned underwater vehicles, as well as special carrier submarines for them. Also, at least, a fundamentally new sea (underwater) missile system with special capabilities has been developed.

Despite all the secrecy, it is known that new projects of various kinds are successfully moving forward and should give real results in the near future. Prospective samples will be tested, after which they will be put into service. All this will understandably affect the strategic capabilities of the fleet and its role in the nuclear forces, as well as help to ensure national security and maintain peace.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, Maxar Technologies / Hisutton.com
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  1. yuriy55
    yuriy55 6 January 2022 04: 49
    -5
    The next results of this could be observed the other day.

    It is a pity that we manage to see (often) only a rocket coming out of the water or launching from a mine ... We are not shown the place of landing or any other nuances of the flight.
    Are you suggesting to take our word for it? We believe you, you know ...
    For all the secrecy, is knownthat new projects of various kinds are successfully moving forward and should give real results in the near future.

    Open the veil - share a place to see progress. Are there samples that are no longer secret? I would very much like to see the results of their tests ...
    In reports about the "Skif" it was mentioned that the installation would carry a ballistic missile with a range of at least 300 km.

    We know that this is a promising bottom-based missile. Little of:
    On November 21, 2017, the head of the Federation Council Committee on Defense and Security Viktor Bondarev said, that "bottom-based missiles" Skif "are included in the arsenal of the Armed Forces of Russia"

    There was only mention of the test results (where, when), except:
    Novaya Gazeta journalist Valery Shiryaev expressed the opinion that the explosion on August 8, 2019 at a military training ground near the village of Nyonoksa and the village of Sopka (Arkhangelsk region), as a result of which the test scientists died, and in Severodvinsk, a short-term jump in the radiation background of up to 2 μSv was recorded / h at the usual level of 0,11 μSv / h, occurred during the tests of the bottom-based ballistic missile "Skif", which was assigned the GRAU index

    Perspective development (judging by the principle of action):
    Skif is a promising bottom-based ballistic missile. It is being developed by the Rubin Design Bureau (St. Petersburg) and the Academician Makeev (Miass) State Missile Center, commissioned by the Ministry of Defense. The Skif deep-sea ballistic missile is able to standby on the sea or ocean floor until a launch command is received.
    This is a purely Russian development, created on the basis of ideas and sketches. 80 years CDB "Rubin" and the Center. Makeeva.
    1. bayard
      bayard 6 January 2022 05: 58
      0
      Quote: yuriy55
      an explosion on August 8, 2019 at a military training ground near the village of Nyonoksa and the village of Sopka (Arkhangelsk region), as a result of which test scientists died, and in Severodvinsk, a short-term jump in the radiation background to 2 μSv / h was recorded at the usual level of 0,11 μSv / h , occurred during the tests of the bottom-based ballistic missile "Skif", which was assigned the GRAU index

      I then also assumed exactly this, but the topic was diligently silenced. The apparently isotope battery exploded (or collapsed as a result of the explosion) - a source for long-term power supply of the rocket systems on duty.
      So the topic continues, and that's good.
      There was also expressed the possibility of using a container from the "Skif" BR and for basing / launching the KRBD. Moreover, it would be possible to sow with such bottom PUs the waters adjacent to the enemy and make a surprise at that hour. The CD will be found later ballistic, and if it comes up from an unexpected direction (not necessarily from the sea ... from a neighboring state, say, from which no trick is expected ... And the surprise can be very significant.
      So the X-102 or "Caliber-M" bottom-based, can attack US territory from Mexico ... Taking off from the depths of the Caribbean ... Or from Canada (but this is less likely. "
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 8 February 2022 19: 29
        +1
        And if such a rocket is FOUND? Do you want to imagine the consequences? Apart from the fact that bottom rockets are prohibited.
        1. bayard
          bayard 8 February 2022 21: 04
          +4
          Quote: timokhin-aa
          Apart from the fact that bottom rockets are prohibited.

          And the bottom land mines?
          Quote: timokhin-aa
          And if such a rocket is FOUND?

          And you can place them in tervods or the exclusive economic zone of a friendly state. And not on a permanent basis, but during a threatened period.
          What if they find it anyway?
          And if this rocket will be in the "Handy" mode? And destroy the trackers who found her? And the explosion can be explained by hostile activity or carelessness with their own means by the "searchers and trackers" themselves.

          Quote: timokhin-aa
          Apart from the fact that bottom rockets are prohibited.

          Weapons in space are also prohibited, but American rocket planes have been circling in orbit for several years with an unknown cargo, they don’t say what is on board. And categorically.
          So, at our bottom, seismic and other scientific instruments for studying the World Ocean may well be placed.
          And who can forbid us to EXIT the agreements that are inconvenient for us ??
          How does the USA always do it?
          case law, however.
          And yet - in war, all means are good.
          And today we have little choice - death or war. request
          1. timokhin-aa
            timokhin-aa 9 February 2022 21: 43
            +1
            And you can place them in tervods or the exclusive economic zone of a friendly state.


            The Americans stole bottom mines from our territorial waters.
            1. bayard
              bayard 9 February 2022 23: 04
              +1
              Mode "Handy" can help the case.
              And false mining can become a bait for the disposal of "searchers" and thieves of our property.
              1. timokhin-aa
                timokhin-aa 10 February 2022 18: 39
                +2
                The operation of this thing will be just a wonderful phenomenon.
  2. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 6 January 2022 09: 37
    +12
    IMHO, this epic with Poseidon is just a waste of money and energy. On occasion, you can even shove "Kuzma's mother" into such a bandura, but 10 missiles with 10 warheads for half a megaton are capable of reasoning the partners just as well.
    Moreover, intercepting a hundred bombs is much more troublesome than one super-super torpedo. And you can launch them without even leaving the pier, which with Poseidon will not work even theoretically. Yes, you can even just arrange a fireworks display with a demonstration start and show it on all TVs and YouTube, which cannot be done with a torpedo.
    1. Curt
      Curt 6 January 2022 12: 45
      +1
      I agree with you. All this fuss with superweapons for a reason. Several things are being done at once:
      1) РџР ° С‚СЂРёРѕС‚РёС ‡ еский РїРѕРґСЉРµRј- РѕР ± С ‰ еству РµСЃС‚С Рѕ С ‡ РµRј РїРѕРР ° СЃС ° СР¶РРё СС ° СР¶РРѕ 35 РІ РЎРЎРЎР - РјРѕС ‰ СЊ РµСЃС‚С С‚РѕР »РєСѓ РјР ° Р» Рѕ, РёР »Рё РІСЃСЏРєРёРµ вундервР° С„ С „Рµ РЅРРІРС † РРРРµ
      2) Р РґРµС ‚освоение Р ± юджетны С… СЃСЂРµRґSЃС‚РІ, Рё СѓС ‡ РёС‚С ‹РІР ° СЏ РѕР ± С СѓСЂ С‚РРРР † РІРРРµРРРР † СРРРµРРРР † - Р ± РѕР "СЊС € РѕРµ РєРѕР" -РІРѕ СЃСЂРµRґSЃС‚РІ РїРѕРјРёРјРѕ СЂР ° Р ‚Рѕ тР° Рј Р ° Р ± СЃРѕР» ютно РЅРѕРІС ‹Р№ проект - РїРѕРґ РќР РћРљР Рё РїСЂРѕС ‡ РРР Рё РїСЂРѕС ‡ РРѕРµ РРѕ¶РѕРѕ РѕРРµ РРѕ¶РРѕ РѕРРРѕРѕРѕРРѕРѕРРСРСРСРѕРѕРРѕРѕРСРСРСРСРѕРРѕРѕ РѕРРРРѕРѕРРѕ РѕРРРРРѕРРЅРѕ
      3) Well, news stories - they supplement point 1 and dilute a ton of news about Ukraine Syria (and now, perhaps Kazakhstan is not a fan of watching news on TV) with patriotic cries of "Hurray, look how we can!"

      At this stage, when the army seems to have been first armed, it is necessary to start throwing money into the economy, the development of production, or at least start to popularize normal professions - and according to the tetevizor, no matter what, only singers are dancers and we are all good. So tired of being considered fools ...
      1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
        Andrei from Chelyabinsk 6 January 2022 13: 00
        +7
        Quote: Curt
        РќР ° РґР ° РЅРЅРѕРј этР° РїРµ РєРѕРіРґР ° Р ° СЂРјРёСЋ РІСЂРѕРґРµ РєР ° Рє первоорСжили

        РўРѕР »РєРѕРј РµС ‰ Рµ Рё РЅРµ РїСЂРёСтупР° Р» Рё РґР ° же
  3. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 6 January 2022 09: 43
    +4
    And the theme with "Skif" is either a complete disinformation, or a pure gamble. For there are no 100% reliable systems, but throw a nuclear bomb into the sea near the enemy coast and leave it unattended ...
    Well, so-so idea. Unless you know for sure that tomorrow there is a war, or you decided to commit suicide by means of "big badabum", so that you will not be alone in the next world.
    1. fa2998
      fa2998 6 January 2022 15: 35
      +3
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      but throw a nuclear bomb into the sea off the enemy coast and leave it unattended ...

      Well, yes, in the 200-mile economic zone of the enemy, studded with radar sensors-shine!
      Yes, and Poseidon raises questions. Is he a "death star", that he is inimitable, does not sink? Here a jet plane flies to the other side for several hours, and then a torpedo. In the ocean, our "partners" have placed a sea of ​​detection means that will not be shown anywhere ? And a bunch of surface and aircraft detection and destruction equipment. hi
    2. Kerensky
      Kerensky 8 January 2022 11: 22
      +1
      And the theme with "Skif" is either a complete disinformation, or a pure gamble.

      This project is many years old. He used to walk like a "Pike Trap". Key points (straits) overlapped, and there will be only a dozen of them in the world's oceans. Maybe they just re-lay them on modern missiles.
    3. timokhin-aa
      timokhin-aa 8 February 2022 19: 30
      +1
      This is crap, it's just that MO brought money for self-laundering
  4. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 6 January 2022 09: 47
    -5
    You see how great everything is in our defense. And you say that the exam is not right. And you see what kind of scientists were brought up.
  5. Maks1995
    Maks1995 6 January 2022 12: 05
    -3
    Duplicate article, similar was recently written.
    but it is written who raised the wave - gazeta ru.

    As a weapon of a dead hand, it will do just fine. As a military weapon - hardly. AUG such will not intercept, the nuclear submarine, too, only the media to give a job.
    1. WapentakeLokki
      WapentakeLokki 6 January 2022 21: 51
      +1
      there is such a (widely known in narrow circles) author Fyodor Berezin ... and he has a book series under the general nickname .. `` Black Ship '' .. and so it describes a torpedo exactly like this Poisedo (and before him in the times Sakharov's youth as a T-14, aka the Tsar-torpedo for the K-3 nuclear submarine .. not a completed project of the 50s .. of the last century) which is funny in the book describes both a strike on the coast and a strike on a squadron .. who is interested in GUGLite ..
      1. Serge-667
        Serge-667 12 January 2022 14: 57
        -4
        What's interesting there? Completely empty project.
        It was originally planned to attack the enemy naval base. There was the T-15 project, then the T-5, then they already wanted to push 10 Megatons into the torpedo.
        The problem is that there are practically no enemy bases that can be attacked like this. And those tests and analysis on the topic of tsunamis and other things indicate that at least some damage can be caused up to a maximum of 3 miles from the coast.
        Three times these projects were rejected due to lack of perspective and distinct results.
        And so, there were clever gentlemen who still screwed up budget money for this insanity of the 50s.
        Strictly speaking, for such sabotage it is necessary to put up against the wall. Instead of upgrading the Project 949 to a perfect or near-perfect strike boat, they make hell out of them.
        1. timokhin-aa
          timokhin-aa 8 February 2022 19: 31
          +2
          Strictly speaking, for such sabotage it is necessary to put up against the wall. Instead of upgrading the Project 949 to a perfect or near-perfect strike boat, they make hell out of them.


          And all this for crazy money.
  6. Tests
    Tests 6 January 2022 12: 15
    -1
    "As reported by TASS, on December 25, the general director of the Sevmash plant Nikolai Budnichenko spoke about the start of state tests of the special nuclear submarine K-329 Belgorod. They are planning to complete them next year. More exact dates have not been named, but there is reason to believe that by the end of 2022 d. the ship will become part of the fleet and will be able to carry out patrol missions. " I wonder who the TASS correspondent met with and in what condition ... It seems that the director of the SMP has not changed over the past month ...
    But many people do not like Wikipedia: "According to the plan, it was supposed to become part of the fleet at the end of 2020 [1], but then the date of its delivery to the fleet was postponed to the end of 2021 [2]. The submarine will serve in the Pacific Ocean [3]. On December 25, 2021, the general director of Sevmash Mikhail Budnichenko said: “We have begun state tests at the Belgorod nuclear submarine, which will be completed next year.” [4]
    Maybe I didn’t see something, I didn’t hear, someone didn’t inform me about something, but this phrase of the respected author lifted my spirits: "All this gives well-known reasons for optimism."
    If according to the Cyclone of project 22800, which was not delivered in December 2021 to the Russian Navy, one can refer to the fact that this is the first ship of the Zaliv in the new history of Crimea, that the plant was almost plundered, that there are no personnel, then with the Belgorod I recall film of my childhood and anecdote about him. "What, the stone flower does not come out?" ... The order on the water for a long time, did not go to the seas, did not test weapons, the crew goes to service every day, returning home to his wife under the barrel, receives a salary every month both in rations and in money ...
    Is everything new with difficulty making its way? How long has the Bulava not flown? "Liner" did not fly right away? ... or ... Saw cut? Dead-end offshoot in the development of weapons? A weapon born prematurely, would it be based on modern technologies these days? ... I don't know a reason for optimism yet ...
  7. Vladimir1155
    Vladimir1155 6 January 2022 16: 36
    -3
    Comrades are walking the right path!
  8. sleeve
    sleeve 7 January 2022 07: 43
    -1
    A bit confusing, but still positive. It is not clear with the "Skif". About him there is not only little information, but not at all. I would not consider our senator's statement as a "base". In any case, the data on the 300 km range indicated in the article, to put it mildly, nullify the benefits of this system. Install it 300-400 km from the coast, just give it to the enemy. She has perspectives at appropriate ranges. It's a miracle, what a thing with ice-based basing and a range of at least 7-8 thousand. Unkillable complex under protection, suppose the same underwater drones. In the Kara Sea, for example. Well, in Okhotsk, respectively. Almost the same SSBN, but without a crew and all the relevant ones. It is possible to submerge it in the lake at normal flight range. Suitable in Siberia are available. But not 300 km, of course. Simply by "dragging" the enemy to the coast, and then regular "diagnostics" ... Well, this will not have a positive effect on the secrecy of the basing. There are also questions about "false traces". For example, within the framework of Poseidon, a stationary positioning system for long-term activity is being developed. Just "Poseidons" for orientation. Well, this is the realm of combat fiction. And if in general ... Well, take the author of two questions: the development of strategic naval weapons and the development of multipurpose aviation components (Tu-22M3 and Tu-160 M to replace them in missile and anti-submarine versions) and would answer the title of the article in a practical and realistic manner.
  9. kig
    kig 7 January 2022 13: 09
    0
    The satellite image captured the port of Severodvinsk, where a special oceanographic vessel “Akademik Aleksandrov” was docked at the berth. An oblong object was present at the stern of the ship.
    - is it not strange? The orbits of the satellites are known, and if Poseidon is such a big secret, then why reveal it? Although they were covered with a tarpaulin.
    1. timokhin-aa
      timokhin-aa 8 February 2022 19: 32
      +1
      It wasn't Poseidon.
  10. xomaNN
    xomaNN 7 January 2022 21: 13
    0
    "Sevmash" pleases with the dynamics of development. It is a lucky coincidence that ALL submarine shipbuilding, from developments to head shipyards, was originally built and deployed on the territory of Russia back in the days of the USSR. Obvious successes with nuclear and non-nuclear submarines. It is clear that I myself worked as an ASF missile dispatcher from Kazakhs. n \ i. and Moscow in the NSR itself in the 80s. But it was successful to replace these links of the chain in a few days.
    ----
    And how many problems there are in our surface shipbuilding BNK, where the engines, part of the RTO remained in the country of U. And import substitution is progressing hard.
    1. timokhin-aa
      timokhin-aa 8 February 2022 19: 33
      +2
      Sevmash pleases with development dynamics.


      The Poseidon sawmill started in 1984, and they still cut loot on it, but so far there is not a single serial product.
      Great dynamics!
      1. agond
        agond 29 March 2022 08: 59
        0
        If Skif has a liquid fuel rocket, then in principle it could withstand high water pressure, approximately like a deep-sea fish, in other words, if a liquid rocket is stored in a container filled with liquid, then all this can lie at the bottom at depths of up to 5 km and be found by someone else such an object will not be easy, and if the container with the rocket is also buried in the ocean floor (at the bottom of the silt it is not difficult to bury), by the way, the shelf zone in the Atlantic near the USA is about 300-300 km, and then the depth is 3.5 -5 km
        1. timokhin-aa
          timokhin-aa 29 March 2022 11: 58
          0
          Fantastic on the second floor, not here.
          1. agond
            agond 29 March 2022 19: 30
            0
            Fiction is the idea of ​​​​placing the Scythians on the shelf under the nose of the enemy. at a distance of 250-300km
            1. timokhin-aa
              timokhin-aa 30 March 2022 13: 09
              0
              Skiff is fantastic
              Basically
              1. agond
                agond 30 March 2022 18: 22
                -1
                By the way, the deep-sea submersible Mir, built in the last century, has a sphere diameter of 2.1m, a wall thickness of 40mm, and a maximum immersion depth of 6.5km, the material of the sphere is special steel, which means that it is currently quite affordable to make a container body in the form of a pipe from a similar steel with a diameter of 1.1 m with a wall thickness of 20mm that can withstand a pressure of 6.5 km, and if you limit yourself to depths of 3-4 km, then you can use more accessible steel for the container body or reduce the thickness of its walls or increase the diameter of the container. In such a container, the rocket can be stored at atmospheric pressure in an inert gas environment,