Military Review

Extra-atmospheric complex for the destruction of ballistic missiles EKV

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EKV is a symbiosis system of rocket and shunting engines with a high-precision missile guidance system (radar and infrared). Today is one of the most promising and reliable systems of destruction of intercontinental ballistic missiles (warheads) and suborbital objects. Today, EKV has 50 a percentage chance of hitting targets (according to tests conducted). EKV will become the most important part of the United States missile defense system.

Extra-atmospheric complex for the destruction of ballistic missiles EKV


EKV is developed according to the program of the ground interception system of the BR on the middle leg of the flight “GMD”. In 1998, more than 1.5 billions of dollars are allocated under GMD. The main contractor is the Boeing concern. The estimated cost of one EKV will be on the order of 25 million dollars.



EKV main devices:
- infrared sensors;
- onboard navigation system;
- several specialized antennas;
- maneuverable engines;
- cryogenic cooling system;
- powerful on-board computer;

According to its overall characteristics, the EKV resembles a small satellite. However, the EKV can be safely called a one-time satellite, which, after performing the main task (destroying the target), eventually explodes.

The carrier of the EKV is the GBI rocket, at the end of which the extra-atmospheric extermination complex is installed. GBI with EKV will be installed in underground bunkers in all states of the country for missile defense. With the long-range detection of ICBMs, the GMD center will launch the system-recommended interceptor missile to the meeting point with the ICBMs with constant input of updated data on its location in the EKV from satellites and radars.

Immediately after the start of the GBI with EKV, the latter launches a cryogenic cooling system to cool the infrared sensors to hundreds of degrees below zero (this is necessary for detecting ICBM warheads, which remain quite warm against the background of very low temperature). IR sensors of the extra-atmospheric destruction complex are capable of detecting the smallest heat carriers in the surrounding space.

After about three minutes of flight (1500 kilometers to the detected target), the EKV will separate from the carrier - GBI. When separating, it abruptly goes aside to avoid a possible collision with the carrier. The average approach speed to the target is about 35 000 km / h, and it is not the limit, it is possible to achieve twice the speed. At such speeds, the EKV will not need a warhead — it will itself represent a large anti-missile kinetic “bullet”.

Such speeds demanded high-precision guidance systems, because the count here goes for seconds (EKV speed around 10km / s). 1.5 is thousands of kilometers to the target - this is about one hundred seconds of the EKV flight, for which it must determine whether the target is correct (false target or not), accurately aim, determine the “meeting place”. Getting into the ICBM (warhead) for its reliable destruction should occur in its "middle ground" - an area whose diameter is only a few centimeters. If hit accurately, the ICBM and EKV will be completely destroyed.

There were many technical obstacles in the creation of the extra-atmospheric destruction complex, and by this time with the development of the elemental base and radar systems, the EKV began to look quite complete with weapons, and the US missile defense agency allocated 636 million dollars (contract) to the developer, Raytheon, for the production of EKV.

Tests:
At the end of October 2002, 7 interceptions were carried out, of which five were deemed successful. So far, 16 test interceptions have been conducted, of which eight ended in exact defeat of the target. However, Raytheon has every opportunity to increase the probability of hitting targets to acceptable levels.



The GMD program, which includes GBI with EKV, turned out to be the only missile defense program that realized (technically) the ability to intercept and destroy ICBMs (warheads).

Key Features:
- approximate weight - 64 kilogram;
- length - 140 centimeters;
- diameter - 60 centimeters;
- average speed of the order of 10 km / s.


Information sources:
http://www.missilethreat.com/missiledefensesystems/id.17/system_detail.asp
http://www.raytheon.com/capabilities/products/ekv/
http://raytheon.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=1626
http://www.dailytechinfo.org/military/3826-kosmicheskie-apparaty-kamikadze-budut-sbivat-ballisticheskie-rakety-letyaschie-so-skorostyu-35-tysyach-km-ch.html
http://www.armscontrol.ru/start/rus/basics/midcourse.htm
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16 comments
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  1. Tirpitz
    Tirpitz 19 September 2012 11: 24
    0
    That's who is really trying to create missile defense.
    1. Phlegmatic person
      Phlegmatic person 19 September 2012 12: 30
      +1
      Tirpitz,
      They won’t intercept everything, even if 10 percent of the missiles break through, all of the above aspects go to hell.
  2. TROYAN
    TROYAN 19 September 2012 11: 36
    0
    This rocket will not be economically profitable for the USA !! and so they have a lot of debts! and so the model itself is not bad
  3. cucun
    cucun 19 September 2012 12: 27
    +3
    In the event of a serious conflict, the FSE will be demolished from near-Earth orbit ... Running a ton of nails with a wide fan is not that expensive ....
    1. Letun
      Letun 19 September 2012 16: 59
      0
      Quote: cucun
      In the event of a serious conflict, the FSE will be demolished from near-Earth orbit ... Running a ton of nails with a wide fan is not that expensive ....

      And what kind of bike is it about a bucket of nails in orbit? This is not the first time I have seen her in the comments.
      1. not good
        not good 19 September 2012 22: 54
        +1
        Under Gorbachev, this was a proposal, from our specialists, as an asymmetric response to the American SDI program, though it was not nails that were featured, but nuts.
  4. Wedmak
    Wedmak 19 September 2012 13: 23
    0
    Something is hard to believe that such a little thing can get into a warhead. And I wonder how they distinguish a warhead from a heavy false target?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Forward
      Forward 19 September 2012 19: 20
      0
      Quote: Wedmak
      Something is hard to believe that such a little thing can get into a warhead. And I wonder how they distinguish a warhead from a heavy false target?

      Nevertheless, the facts speak for themselves ... But we will certainly answer! And we will answer asymmetrically! wink
  5. DEMENTIY
    DEMENTIY 19 September 2012 17: 47
    +4
    Everything new is well forgotten old (made in the USSR).
    Wound up an idea.
    1. Letun
      Letun 19 September 2012 18: 01
      0
      Cool satellite, only now it remains to solve the problem of how to deliver it into orbit. Well, basically, the Chinese can be asked laughing (sarcasm) wink
  6. Storyteller
    Storyteller 19 September 2012 20: 28
    +1
    Interestingly, will they manage to intercept missiles from submarines that are sunbathing near the US coast?
  7. studentmati
    studentmati 19 September 2012 20: 47
    +1
    Extremely costly and highly questionable in terms of efficiency.
  8. Kir
    Kir 19 September 2012 21: 01
    +1
    It is not the first time for Amers to declare clearly inflated technical characteristics, they have either a "petriot" that gives out 75% of efficiency and in fact about 25%, then super bombers, then what else, if one may say "super crap" the answer to them .... it's high time!
    1. not good
      not good 19 September 2012 22: 58
      +1
      The probability of hitting 0,5 is cool, tailwind to our American friends in their humpbacked back laughing
      1. Andriuha077
        Andriuha077 3 October 2012 15: 45
        0
        This is from the category, what a chance for a blonde to meet at the raptor's entrance. 50% - either yes or no.
  9. Stary oper
    Stary oper 19 September 2012 23: 27
    0
    In the pictures and in the computer animation, this surely looks impressive. But what about? A normal marketing step to receive multi-billion orders. But how all this will work in reality and not on targets is still a big question.
    But God forbid, as they say, to us to witness this process ... :)
  10. Santa Fe
    Santa Fe 20 September 2012 00: 43
    +2
    Today, missile defense elements are very utopian. But at one time everyone also laughed at the cranks from the GIRD and the friends of Korolev. Therefore, it is possible that in the near future (years 15-20-30) a truly reliable missile defense system will be created - amers seriously took up this direction
  11. Ivan Tarasov
    Ivan Tarasov 25 September 2012 22: 51
    0
    The point regarding speed data is unclear.
    If you accelerate to 10 km / s, the block will move away from the earth (this is the excess of the first space velocity), and in order to maneuver (for example, lower the altitude), you will need to brake the device by 3 km / s or more. Where does the apparatus with such a tiny mass come from?
    Some kind of non-docking is coming out.