Military Review

"Armored fist" saved: in the Polish press on the state and tactics of the tank forces of Syria

66

Significant losses of the Syrian government forces during the ten-year war, still going on in the country, were accompanied by a massive reduction in the park. tanks... However, the army managed to maintain its "armored fist", largely due to the change in battle tactics.


As noted in the Polish edition of Defense24, presumably for 2011 in the SAR, there were 2250 T-55A / AM / AMB / MBT tanks, 1000 T-62K / M and 1600 T-72A / AB / M / M1, including those upgraded from the Italian LMS TURMS-T.

During the war, the tank fleet began to replenish with improved versions - T-55MV with "Contact-1", T-62M, but special importance was attached to T-72B, T-72B1, T72B with protection "Contact-5" (T-72BM), which were used as leaders in tank attacks against the poorly armored T-55, T-62 and T-72. But the T-72B3, T-90 and T-90A became a real gift for the Syrian tankers. The tanks were independently upgraded, for example, to the level of the T-72 Mahmia.

Initially, the army suffered serious losses in tanks when attacking urban fortifications, since it did not use sufficient infantry protection. But in some cases this was done on purpose. For example, if it was necessary to overcome the fired sections of the road, armored vehicles tried to pass them at full speed, without the support of the infantry.

Over time, the tanks began to be used more carefully, the Syrian crews gained experience, adjusted their tactics, but losses grew, because instead of the RPG-7, RPG-29 grenade launchers and ATGM HJ-8, TOW-2 or 9M133 "Kornet", which turned out to be deadly, began to be massively used on short and long distances

- noted in the Polish press.

Under these conditions, a special tactic was developed for conducting combat in groups consisting of tanks and support / cover vehicles, for example, from several MBTs, mobile ZSU-23-4, BMP-1/2 and engineering demining vehicles, such as IMR-2.

Tanks were often the backbone of such a small battle group, often fighting in pairs, covering each other.

- the author believes, considering that in 2017 it was possible to achieve an increasing reduction in losses in tanks. They increased sharply only in 2020 after the start of active battles with Turkish troops.

According to the Czech analyst Jan Janowski, who made an analysis based on video materials, in 2011-2020 (as of March) government forces lost: 7 T-90, 837 T-72, 366 T-62, 682 T-55 and 123 unidentified tanks.

According to the author, the Syrian army was able to maintain its "armored fist" due to two main factors. First, the supply of tanks from Russia. Secondly, the preservation of the repair base. For example, in Homs, with the active participation of specialists from the Russian Federation, capacities were restored, allowing hundreds of armored vehicles to be repaired annually. As a result, the "Syrian Express", as the author suggests, began to deal mainly with the transportation of spare parts, and not the equipment itself.

Photos used:
Defense Ministry website
66 comments
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  1. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 12 December 2021 17: 43
    +29
    The Syrian army has greatly strengthened over the years of battles, not without the help of Russia. And the tankers have learned, and the tanks have not lost. The main thing is that we didn't need to "invest" so much in this process.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 12 December 2021 17: 45
      +16
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      The Syrian army has greatly strengthened over the years of battles, not without the help of Russia.

      And what do the Poles care about? They strive to stick their nose everywhere! As the classic wrote: "I want to show my education")))
      1. A good one
        A good one 12 December 2021 17: 55
        +4
        Everyone knows that the Poles are ahead of all America. yes
        1. seregatara1969
          seregatara1969 12 December 2021 20: 04
          -1
          Mobile ZSU-23-4 - who is this?
          1. A good one
            A good one 12 December 2021 20: 11
            0
            Ask the question differently ... is that? yes
          2. _Ugene_
            _Ugene_ 12 December 2021 21: 45
            +10
            Shilka. By the beginning of the civil war in Syria, the army had 400 vehicles.

            1. seregatara1969
              seregatara1969 13 December 2021 13: 25
              0
              Not mobile? Was it impossible to name the shilka right away? These are the little things that spoil the fsyu article
      2. poquello
        poquello 12 December 2021 18: 44
        +11
        Quote: Egoza
        Quote: Mountain Shooter
        The Syrian army has greatly strengthened over the years of battles, not without the help of Russia.

        And what do the Poles care about? They strive to stick their nose everywhere! As the classic wrote: "I want to show my education")))

        in, first thought - Poles-experts are like a bear-librarian
      3. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 12 December 2021 18: 48
        +3
        Quote: Egoza
        And what do the Poles care about? They strive to stick their nose everywhere! As the classic wrote: "I want to show my education")))

        Well, how is it so that the Poles and their noses not sticking shit with the crows.
      4. knn54
        knn54 12 December 2021 18: 50
        +2
        Elena, Polish analysts "ended" and Czech analysts "began". True, the publication is Polish.
      5. onstar9
        onstar9 13 December 2021 03: 21
        -3
        Quote: Not bad
        And what do the Poles care about? They strive to stick their nose everywhere! As the classic wrote: "I want to show my education")))

        Well, they also have "sofas" ... You, too, are sticking your nose into Poland from your sofas ...
    2. paul3390
      paul3390 12 December 2021 17: 49
      +8
      Russia gave them the main thing - time and the opportunity to gain experience. And - apply it successfully ..
    3. rocket757
      rocket757 12 December 2021 17: 49
      +11
      Everything is correct. The tactics have changed, the experience has increased both among the tankers and among the commanders in general ...
      The army is smaller, but more skillful ... plus equipment and everything else is available.
    4. SKVichyakow
      SKVichyakow 12 December 2021 18: 11
      +9
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      The Syrian army has greatly strengthened over the years of battles, not without the help of Russia. And the tankers have learned, and the tanks have not lost. The main thing is that we didn't need to "invest" so much in this process.

      It would be more correct to say that "the Syrian army has grown great with the help of Russia, in real, moral and material spheres? And they also trained the Syrians, and they learned how to competently use the equipment they have in their arsenal."
      1. onstar9
        onstar9 13 December 2021 03: 24
        -7
        Quote: SKVichyakow
        It would be more correct to say that "the Syrian army has grown great with the help of Russia, in real, moral and material spheres? And they also trained the Syrians, and they learned how to competently use the equipment they have in their arsenal."

        The Syrian army "strengthened" ..... well, yes .... With the help of the Russian Aerospace Forces. Get the VKS out of there and in a couple of months not a single tank will remain there.
  2. ved_med12
    ved_med12 12 December 2021 17: 43
    +2
    Under these conditions, a special tactic was developed for conducting combat in groups consisting of tanks and support / cover vehicles, for example, from several MBTs, mobile ZSU-23-4, BMP-1/2 and engineering demining vehicles,


    Learn to fight, well done!
    1. SKVichyakow
      SKVichyakow 12 December 2021 20: 26
      +2
      Quote: ved_med12
      Under these conditions, a special tactic was developed for conducting combat in groups consisting of tanks and support / cover vehicles, for example, from several MBTs, mobile ZSU-23-4, BMP-1/2 and engineering demining vehicles,


      Learn to fight, well done!

      This is where the BMPT did not stop them, the work was just for her.
  3. Ros 56
    Ros 56 12 December 2021 17: 44
    +1
    And the Poles are pressed by the toad that they do not have such a thing, so they are chirping.
    1. Andrey Moskvin
      Andrey Moskvin 12 December 2021 18: 54
      +3
      What is it? Civil War?
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 12 December 2021 19: 01
      +7
      Quote: Ros 56
      And the Poles are pressed by the toad that they do not have such a thing, so they are chirping.

      Not Poles are not greedy, they are just bastards.
      1. Lionnvrsk
        Lionnvrsk 12 December 2021 22: 25
        +1
        Quote: tihonmarine
        Not Poles are not greedy, they are just bastards.

        Yeah, yeah.
        "Jewish gold is the foundation of Polish prosperity"
        Even during the Second World War, they were looking for Jewish gold. In 42, in Gnevchin, the chief of the fire brigade, members of the guards, closest neighbors, village elders and their assistants staged a raid on the local Jewish population, seizing most of the adults and children. The men were brutally tortured, trying to find out where they kept gold, jewelry and expensive clothes, and the women were staged a hell of a mass rape. After the theft of property, the tortured people were handed over to the Nazis.
        1. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 13 December 2021 13: 18
          0
          Quote: LIONnvrsk
          staged a raid on the local Jewish population, capturing most of the adults and children.

          Well, it's more likely genocide.
  4. paul3390
    paul3390 12 December 2021 17: 47
    +7
    In capable hands, the T-55 is still quite a formidable machine in certain cases. It's just a pity that the experience - as always, is gained at the cost of colossal losses. It remains to be hoped that our officers were not in vain there on business trips, the entire modern experience of the war in such situations has been carefully studied and put into action ..
    1. SSR
      SSR 12 December 2021 22: 12
      0
      Quote: paul3390
      In capable hands, the T-55 is still quite a formidable machine in certain cases.

      +
      The small one from the KV-2 is perplexed.
      Slow speaks.))) But with a shot it blows down the towers.
      I just started to explain to him that in the KV-2, the gun is a howitzer capable of destroying fortifications and not just tanks.
      KV-2, when laid out, can demolish a tower for many.
  5. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 12 December 2021 17: 50
    +6
    It has always been like this: For one beaten, two unbeaten give. The Syrian army will soon be the strongest in the BV. recourse
    1. marat2016
      marat2016 12 December 2021 17: 58
      -23
      For the most part, the Syrian army fled, if not for the Iranians and "cosmonauts", the regime would have fallen. There has never been any talk of the strongest Syrian army, and even less will be.
      1. Mavrikiy
        Mavrikiy 12 December 2021 18: 05
        +21
        Quote: marat2016
        For the most part, the Syrian army fled, if not for the Iranians and "cosmonauts", the regime would have fallen. There has never been any talk of the strongest Syrian army, and even less will be.

        Yes, from the beginning she ran away, and then she ran, saw the prospect. And the regime showed its vitality and firmness, in contrast to the Ruins. And what will happen, you do not know.
        1. marat2016
          marat2016 12 December 2021 18: 31
          -23
          Syria has no resources to create such an army. Everything.
        2. onstar9
          onstar9 13 December 2021 03: 28
          -8
          Quote: Mavrikiy
          Yes, from the beginning she ran away, and then she ran, saw the prospect. And the regime showed its vitality and firmness, in contrast to the Ruins. And what will happen, you do not know.

          Putin ensured "survivability" there ... There is no survivability there anymore. Before Putin, Assad had 1% of the territory under control there ... And it will be the same when Putin leaves there.
      2. SSR
        SSR 12 December 2021 22: 18
        +7
        Quote: marat2016
        For the most part, the Syrian army fled, if not for the Iranians and "cosmonauts", the regime would have fallen.

        The regime of the "dictator" Yanukovych fell in Ukraine.
        Skakuas, have improved and made life easier for people?
        They drove the country into the deputies of Somalia.
        Somalia go nuts, from the cosmo power .....
        1. marat2016
          marat2016 12 December 2021 22: 34
          -9
          Nothing to say on the topic? So go look for a topic about Ukraine.
          1. SSR
            SSR 12 December 2021 23: 31
            +5
            Quote: marat2016
            Nothing to say on the topic? So go look for a topic about Ukraine.

            An article about Syria, but you are about Putin's achievements ...
            Maybe you need a psychiatrist ?!
            1. marat2016
              marat2016 13 December 2021 00: 13
              -11
              Are you illiterate? Or the day is gone if you don't write Brad?
    2. alone
      alone 12 December 2021 18: 01
      +9
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      The Syrian army will soon be the strongest in the BV.

      The strongest army in BV - if you objectively reason, is the Israeli Army ..
      1. Aaron Zawi
        Aaron Zawi 12 December 2021 18: 59
        +1
        Quote: lonely
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        The Syrian army will soon be the strongest in the BV.

        The strongest army in BV - if you objectively reason, is the Israeli Army ..

        The Egyptian is larger and better armed than the IDF.
        1. Black Colonel
          Black Colonel 12 December 2021 20: 03
          +7
          In the 60s and 70s, the Egyptian and Syrian armies were armed with the help of the USSR with modern tanks, aircraft, missiles and others. And nevertheless, the Israeli army pushed them in full. It all depended on motivation, organization and discipline.
          1. SSR
            SSR 12 December 2021 23: 37
            -3
            Quote: Black Colonel
            In the 60s and 70s, the Egyptian and Syrian armies were armed with the help of the USSR

            Only Jews with the help of the right-handed and left-handed themselves!))
            What kind of handicraft mongrel?
            Israel, like Afghanistan, was helped by the most honest democracies.
            As with nuclear weapons, it's just that here we are victims (the Holocaust), and here here is nuclear weapons from the divine and this is not a Holocaust but a "gift".
          2. viktortarianik
            viktortarianik 13 December 2021 08: 07
            +2
            The mentality and education of the Arab armies will not allow them to defeat the Israeli army. As the former military adviser of the USSR in Egypt told us, the time for prayer has come, everything is abandoned, the tools are not cleaned, everything is on the rugs and namaz. And no forces could change this. For Muslims, everything is by the will of Allah, but not by man.
        2. alone
          alone 12 December 2021 21: 46
          0
          Quote: Aron Zaavi
          The Egyptian is larger and better armed than the IDF.

          Good evening, Aron. hi More in number and better armed, it does not play a big role in modern realities .. in 1973 Egypt was also better armed and outnumbered Israel .. We all know how it ended .. So in the region now the real power is Israel ..
          1. Shahno
            Shahno 12 December 2021 21: 50
            +1
            The Turks still, but in the situation, and the real turmoil, the Turks will go "forest". For not fig .... Iran is a rogue. The Saudis are an ally, od meat.
        3. ja-ja-vw
          ja-ja-vw 13 December 2021 01: 11
          -1
          With language removed.
          And (in my opinion) the level of training in 2019 has already become many times better than it was at the borders of 1993.
          If they do not hit on deviationism, they have a chance to become the strongest army in the BV.
          Shl. And the Syrians are warriors ... "Not from God"
        4. Andrey VOV
          Andrey VOV 13 December 2021 08: 55
          0
          Well, the Egyptians will still be weaker than the Israeli army ...
          1. Aaron Zawi
            Aaron Zawi 14 December 2021 06: 34
            0
            Quote: Andrey VOV
            Well, the Egyptians will still be weaker than the Israeli army ...

            In 1973, the Egyptians showed themselves excellently.
            1. Andrey VOV
              Andrey VOV 14 December 2021 10: 22
              0
              BUT if you look at the results of that war, they could be completely different.
        5. Kedrovich
          Kedrovich 14 December 2021 04: 10
          0
          Not IDF but AAI - Israel's Aggressive Army. How can you defend yourself by attacking the gas sector and killing civilians? Do they think that after this they will not have local suicide bombers beating the local people with knives or something? Namely, they use the army. And we are not talking about defense.
      2. Alexey Sommer
        Alexey Sommer 12 December 2021 21: 48
        +1
        Quote: lonely
        The strongest army in BV - if you objectively reason, is the Israeli Army ..

        If on their territory, there was a civil war for 10 years, then it would be possible to compare more objectively.
        1. alone
          alone 12 December 2021 21: 51
          +2
          Quote: Alexey Sommer
          If on their territory, there was a civil war for 10 years, then it would be possible to compare more objectively.

          That is their strength ... the citizens of Israel do not need to kill each other for 10 years, so that later they will find themselves in the same situation in which Syria is
          1. Alexey Sommer
            Alexey Sommer 12 December 2021 21: 53
            +3
            Quote: lonely
            That is their strength ... the citizens of Israel do not need to kill each other for 10 years, so that later they will find themselves in the same situation in which Syria is

            Everything flows, everything changes.
            Unfortunately..
            Israel was ...
            Then he was gone ...
            Now he is again ...
            1. alone
              alone 12 December 2021 22: 05
              +1
              Quote: Alexey Sommer
              Everything flows, everything changes.

              There is no real force in the region to oppose Israel. ... This is a fact ... and judging by the way Israel's opponents behave, it is possible to forget conversations about non-being. Those who recognized Israel will not fight with it. And those who continue the enmity are not able to do anything .. Iran, Syria, Hezbollah and Hamas ... the last two don't count. .Syria is now too weak to do anything against Israel..And the Iranian forces are receiving constant blows from Israel in Syria..and cannot answer with anything .. Despite the PR, the Iranian army and the IRGC have big problems and with such problems climb on Israel suicide
              1. Alexey Sommer
                Alexey Sommer 12 December 2021 22: 06
                +1
                Quote: lonely
                There is no real force in the region to oppose Israel. ... It is a fact.

                This is exactly what the Jews thought in the distant past.
                Not?..
                1. alone
                  alone 12 December 2021 22: 11
                  0
                  The distant past is in the past .. you have to think about the future .. Do you think fanaticism will win? Never ..
                  1. Alexey Sommer
                    Alexey Sommer 12 December 2021 22: 13
                    0
                    Fanaticism regularly triumphs throughout history.
                    Why is it different now?
                    People plan and then something always goes wrong ...
                    God works in mysterious ways.
                    1. alone
                      alone 12 December 2021 22: 18
                      0
                      Realism wins ..
                      Hitler was also a fanatic. .and there are dozens of such examples .. so that it regularly wins, this most likely belongs to the Middle Ages. .Realism wins regularly
                  2. Alexey Sommer
                    Alexey Sommer 12 December 2021 22: 17
                    0
                    Quote: lonely
                    never..

                    Honestly, if you think about it ..
                    This statement is already a little like fanaticism.
                    All the best.
                    I am sleeping.
                    1. alone
                      alone 12 December 2021 22: 20
                      -1
                      Pleasant dreams hi I'm not a fanatic laughing
      3. onstar9
        onstar9 13 December 2021 03: 30
        0
        Quote: lonely
        The Syrian army will soon be the strongest in the BV.

        It will be, if 80% of it will be the Russian army ...
  6. Real Pilot
    Real Pilot 12 December 2021 17: 56
    0
    Quote: Mavrikiy
    It has always been like this: For one beaten, two unbeaten give. The Syrian army will soon be the strongest in the BV. recourse

    Yes sir! soldier
  7. vervolk
    vervolk 12 December 2021 18: 52
    +3
    so it’s not only the Syrian army that is gaining experience, I hope that combat experience will also be used in tactics and regulations ...
  8. VyacheSeymour
    VyacheSeymour 12 December 2021 19: 48
    -3
    ... the author believes, considering that in 2017 it was possible to achieve an increasing reduction in losses in tanks.

    Well, yes ... - after a drop in the intensity of battles and the transition of the conflict to the freezing stage, the decrease in losses is not surprising.
    They increased sharply only in 2020 after the start of active battles with Turkish troops.

    ... Illumination! .. the battles intensified - they grew
    losses !!! ((((
    As they were zeros, they remain ...
  9. dmmyak40
    dmmyak40 12 December 2021 19: 49
    +5
    What does American tanks have to do with it? At 1:02 - 90% Abrams. Or the main thing is to write that all the destroyed tanks are Russian, but the people are eating?
  10. bessonov932
    bessonov932 12 December 2021 21: 02
    0
    Comrades, but still, why are there still such doubts about the use of BMPT? It seems that they are just not enough in these and similar circumstances. If the use of "mobile ZSU-23-4" turned out to be effective ... I saw the speech (did not remember the name) of the general: "Tanks are not pants, they do not need support!"
    1. strannik1985
      strannik1985 12 December 2021 21: 08
      +2
      In Chechnya, ZU-23-2 used explosives, they had a shortage of fire weapons.
  11. Bear
    Bear 12 December 2021 21: 28
    -1
    Something logs with the Czechs got excited. If you include old Freud, are they really expecting guests from Syria on the T-72? Reminds of a story about Buryat tankers in Donbass.
  12. eehnie
    eehnie 12 December 2021 23: 47
    +3
    I don’t think the losses suggested by Jan Yanovskiy are real. The lostarmour data is much more reliable and is documented by photographs stored on the site. I don't think Lostarmor will miss more than half of the losses.

    (Automatically translated from English. Below is the original commentary in English)

    I do not think the loses offered by Jan Janowski are real. The data of lostarmour are much more credible and are documented by pictures conserved by the site. I do not think lostarmour be missing more than a half of the loses.

    .
  13. Seamaster
    Seamaster 13 December 2021 00: 46
    +1
    The Poles began to fear the Syrian army. They are glad that they do not have a common border. But if it were, the Syrian tanks would already be rolling around Warsaw. And 250 "Abrams" would not have had time to buy.
  14. alexey alexeyev_2
    alexey alexeyev_2 13 December 2021 07: 20
    0
    Why are they excited, where is Syria and where is Poland ...