Military Review

Constitution Day of Russia

62



Today in our country is celebrated the Day of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The officially memorable date was fixed in the fall of 1994 by decree of President B.N. Yeltsin, while the document itself was adopted on December 12, 1993.

It is worth noting that the process of adopting the country's basic law has caused a lot of controversy and controversy among the Russian authorities. The thing is that at that time there were several drafts of the Constitution. At the same time, the main "contenders" for the people's assessment were two: the draft of the Supreme Soviet and the Constitutional Conference convened by the president.

As a result, the latter was taken as a basis, but with revision, in which representatives from all subjects of the Federation, deputies and other specialists participated. A kind of compromise solution.

On December 12, 1993, the country's draft basic law was submitted to a popular referendum, in which just over 58 million Russians took part. Almost 33 million of our compatriots voted in favor of the adoption of the new Constitution. The main regulatory document of the country came into force on December 25.

Thanks to the adoption of the new Constitution, the citizens of Russia for the first time in stories there was an opportunity to defend their rights in court, referring to its norms. In addition, from now on, the basic law equally protected all forms of property, without exception, and not just state property, as it was during the Soviet era.

During the existence of the Constitution adopted in 1993, various amendments were made to it several times. For example, in 2009, the presidential term was increased from 4 to 6 years. In 2014, most of the changes to the main regulatory document of the country were associated with the inclusion of Crimea and Sevastopol in the Russian Federation, as well as the merger of the Supreme Court and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation.

However, the most ambitious constitutional amendments were made last year. Almost 78% of Russians voted in favor of changing the basic law, with a turnout of 67,97% (almost 58 million people).

It is worth noting that the greatest public outcry was caused by the changes associated with the so-called "zeroing" of presidential terms, which allows the current leader of Russia, Vladimir Putin, to nominate himself in the next elections in 2024.

However, many of our fellow citizens for some reason did not attach importance to other important changes. For example, many amendments, there were 206 of them, concern social issues such as the annual indexation of pensions, protection of the dignity of citizens and respect for their work, as well as affordable medicine and care for children left without parental care.

Finally, it should be borne in mind that the Constitution in Russia is now more important than international law. Consequently, the Constitutional Court from now on has the right not to execute decisions of international bodies, which in some way contradict our fundamental law. This is especially important in the current conditions, when many developed countries, primarily the United States, are demonstrating open hostility towards Russia.
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  1. Grandfather
    Grandfather 12 December 2021 06: 01
    +32
    the constitution, according to which everything is popular, became "uncle" ... well, with the "holiday" ...
    1. Victor_B
      Victor_B 12 December 2021 06: 09
      +11
      Quote: Dead Day
      the constitution, according to which everything is popular, became "uncle"
      And which the Americans wrote to us!
      The notorious "CIA agents" voiced by Putin.
      Something I don't even want to drink ...
      1. Grandfather
        Grandfather 12 December 2021 06: 11
        +7
        Quote: Victor_B
        Something I don't even want to drink ...

        no need to clink glasses ...
        1. Victor_B
          Victor_B 12 December 2021 06: 16
          +2
          Quote: Dead Day
          no need to clink glasses ...

          You can go nuts with a good person! drinks
          Well - for, be it wrong, the Yeltsin constitution ...
          1. expert
            expert 12 December 2021 06: 23
            +5
            Guys, even though I'm behind the "hillock", can I join you? drinks
            1. Grandfather
              Grandfather 12 December 2021 06: 28
              +5
              Quote: Fachmann
              Guys, even though I'm behind the "hillock", can I join you? drinks

              come in, sit down ... let's remember ...
              1. The comment was deleted.
            2. Victor_B
              Victor_B 12 December 2021 06: 44
              +2
              Quote: Fachmann
              Guys, even though I'm behind the "hillock"

              Maybe you and I are behind the same "hillock"?
              Have a seat!
              1. expert
                expert 12 December 2021 06: 51
                +2
                Ich bin in Frankfurt am Main
                Gerne bin ich dabei
                1. Victor_B
                  Victor_B 12 December 2021 07: 41
                  +2
                  I am the King's loyal subject.
                  Torontovka, Canada.
                  1. expert
                    expert 12 December 2021 08: 53
                    +2
                    Famously! Not the near light ...
          2. alekseykabanets
            alekseykabanets 12 December 2021 06: 48
            +27
            Quote: Victor_B
            Well - for, be it wrong, the Yeltsin constitution ...


            Reconcile, laborer, with the tycoon

            Reconcile, laborer, with the tycoon,
            Kiss him on the mouth -
            He gives you a salary
            And jobs.

            Forget it, laborer, rather
            About soviet populism,
            Our common idea
            Must become patriotism.

            Only in this way we will master
            Only then will paradise come.
            You are for Mother Russia
            Or against? Choose ...

            Reconcile, laborer, with the tycoon
            For the salvation of the soul
            Call the tycoon brother.
            And go ahead, plow ...

            Poem - Andrey Shigin

            Were already tired of such pseudo-patriotic, "spiritually" articles! What kind of holiday is this? It is a holiday for those who robbed the people.
            1. Gardamir
              Gardamir 12 December 2021 09: 22
              +17
              Suddenly. It turns out that this is also Andrei Shigin.
              And ours will not come ... Such is the time now -
              Today is not the same year, the war is not at all the same.
              No one hears a voice calling out in the wilderness.
              Yes, and there is no desert - sheer emptiness.

              And in this emptiness the road will be long -
              Long paths have ended.
              Stalingrad will not flare up, and there is land beyond the Volga ...
              But ours will not come. Where do they come from?

              No one will bring "For the Motherland!" on bombs
              No one wheezes: "Give the country coal!"
              There are drafts in the Odessa catacombs,
              The mausoleum under the walls of the Kremlin is shuttered.

              The political instructor will not get up, will not poke a gun into the sky,
              The trumpet will not call for heroism and labor.
              Kohl gave themselves to comfort for need,
              It's time to understand that ours won't come!

              So let's drink a glass of Russian vodka to our grandfathers
              And again on the Internet - to hone minds,
              Hanging flags, tearing each other's throats.
              And ours will not come ... All ours are us.
              1. alekseykabanets
                alekseykabanets 12 December 2021 13: 43
                +7
                Quote: Gardamir
                It turns out that this is also Andrei Shigin

                Well, yes, but I did not know that besides this verse (Make peace, farm laborer, with the tycoon) Andrei Shigin has something else. Deep poems, and painful. We need to joke his collection.
          3. Egoza
            Egoza 12 December 2021 07: 35
            +20
            Quote: Victor_B
            Well - for, be it wrong, the Yeltsin constitution ...

            No really! If you drink, then for the Stalinist constitution! So that it is revived taking into account new times.
            1. Victor_B
              Victor_B 12 December 2021 07: 39
              +9
              Quote: Egoza
              No really! If you drink, then for the Stalinist constitution!

              At the same time, you can also remember Brezhnev's ...
              It was also not even bad at all!
              And the sixth article did not bother anyone except Jews!
            2. Crowe
              Crowe 12 December 2021 09: 06
              +15
              Quote: Egoza
              If you drink, then for the Stalinist constitution!
              Join us!
              “They talk about democracy. But what is democracy? Democracy in capitalist countries, where there are antagonistic classes, is, in the last analysis, democracy for the strong, democracy for the possessing minority. Democracy in the USSR, on the contrary, is democracy for the working people, that is, democracy for all. But it follows from this that the foundations of democracy are violated not by the draft of the new Constitution of the USSR, but by bourgeois constitutions. That is why I think that the Constitution of the USSR is the only fully democratic constitution in the world. " I.V. Stalin.
              1. paul3390
                paul3390 12 December 2021 10: 36
                +14
                “... Only a liberal can forget the historical limitations and conventions of bourgeois parliamentarism ... At every step in the most democratic bourgeois state, the oppressed masses encounter a blatant contradiction between the formal equality that the capitalists'“ democracy ”proclaims and thousands of actual restrictions and tricks that make proletarians hired slaves. It is this contradiction that opens the eyes of the masses to the rottenness, deceit, hypocrisy of capitalism. "Lenin
            3. paul3390
              paul3390 12 December 2021 10: 35
              +11
              Let's drink to the Motherland,
              Let's drink to Stalin
              Let's drink and pour it again!
      2. Orange bigg
        Orange bigg 12 December 2021 09: 33
        -8
        Quote: Victor_B
        Quote: Dead Day
        the constitution, according to which everything is popular, became "uncle"
        And which the Americans wrote to us!
        The notorious "CIA agents" voiced by Putin.
        Something I don't even want to drink ...


        The Constitution that was written by the CIA agents is no longer valid after the Referendum of July 1, 2020.
        ... State Duma deputy proposed to declare July 1 a holiday in honor of the new Constitution

        State Duma Deputy Viktor Vodolatsky proposed to make July 1 a holiday. According to him, the final day of voting in support of the amendments was a turning point in the history of Russia, so it is necessary to legislate it as a holiday.

        “July 1 is a historic, turning point. And if this is our Constitution, then God himself ordered to make this day a holiday, ”Vodolatsky stressed.

        https://riafan.ru/1290401-deputat-gosdumy-predlozhil-obyavit-1-iyulya-prazdnikom-v-chest-novoi-konstitucii

        .Moscow, July 3, 2020, 11:05 - REGNUM State Duma Vice-Speaker Olga Epifanova ("Fair Russia") proposed to make July 1 a day off and celebrate Constitution Day. “Once the Constitution Day was considered a holiday and non-working day. This tradition was canceled about 15 years ago. It would be nice to return the tradition and declare December 12, not December 1, as Constitution Day, ”Epifanova said.

        https://regnum.ru/news/3000564.html
        1. Nazar
          Nazar 12 December 2021 20: 33
          +3
          OrangeBigg - All "amendments" were reduced to zeroing the terms of our Leader of the Nation and nothing more. And right now, the authorities will be "put with the device" on that "updated" Constitution too - they are about to adopt a law on expanding the powers of policemen - this is completely contrary to the Constitution, well, who cares about such trifles?
      3. ammunition
        ammunition 12 December 2021 09: 53
        +3
        Quote: Victor_B
        And which the Americans wrote to us!
        The notorious "CIA agents"

        Yes. Precisely the Americans. And they wrote this "constitution" not even with the aim of capitalism, but with the aim of enslaving the Russian people under the yoke of Anglo-Saxon rule.
      4. MikhailRus
        MikhailRus 12 December 2021 11: 15
        +5
        And probably people like Putin helped these agents
      5. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 12 December 2021 13: 59
        0
        Come on, Alekseev (former Chairman of the USSR Constitutional Supervision Committee), a well-known lawyer Mishin, as well as Krasnov, Shakhrai and a number of other lawyers wrote it.
    2. Stas157
      Stas157 12 December 2021 08: 33
      +14
      Constitution amended on stumps at the suggestion of Tereshkova. We were brainwashed about the need and timeliness of amendments. Well, the Constitution was changed, but life only got worse. The Tereshkovo constitution is not the most successful version of those that have existed.
      1. paul3390
        paul3390 12 December 2021 10: 38
        +10
        “... The bourgeoisie in the old parliamentary countries has excellently learned to hypocrite and cheat the people with thousands of tricks, presenting bourgeois parliamentarism as“ democracy in general ”..., skillfully hiding millions of parliamentary ties with the stock exchange and capitalists, using the corrupt, corrupt press and by all means using the power of money, the power of capital "
      2. populist
        populist 12 December 2021 14: 28
        +7
        Quote: Stas157
        The Tereshkovo constitution is not the most successful version of those that have existed.

        The Tereshkovo constitution is a fitting name. But a nullified constitution would be better. With the day of the nullified constitution, citizens lol crying
        Both laughter and sin.
      3. Vadim237
        Vadim237 12 December 2021 16: 45
        -5
        And how will changing the constitution change your life for the better in the same economic sense?
        1. Nazar
          Nazar 12 December 2021 20: 41
          +4
          Vadim237 - The most direct "makar" - according to the Constitution, the subsoil of Russia - is the national property, well, where is my share of this "property"? In Norway, every inhabitant, I repeat, EVERYONE gets his share of the income from mining. Here is the influence of the Constitution on your personal pocket. hi
          But our authorities wanted to spit on this "Constitution" - they remember it only when it is necessary to justify their stay in power and nothing more.
    3. Hypertension
      Hypertension 12 December 2021 13: 10
      +10
      Quote: Dead Day
      the constitution, according to which everything is popular, became "uncle"

    4. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 December 2021 16: 43
      -11
      For this, thank the Soviet system - it was she who created tens of thousands of enterprises in the state monopoly at the same time belong to everyone and at the same time to no one - if all of them from the very beginning were created and developed by private traders no total 90s: the seizure of plunder and abandonment would not have happened. From the very beginning, it was clear that an absolute state monopoly over everything would not be able to provide all public needs, since there is no real demand from the population, there is no competition, there is no possibility of creating and introducing goods at the individual level, the planned distribution command system has always worked well for large-scale projects, but it will never normally be work at the level of ensuring household demand.
      1. Nazar
        Nazar 12 December 2021 20: 46
        +4
        Vadim237 - Quote: "The command system has always worked well for large-scale projects, but it will never work normally at the level of meeting household demand." - You tell this to the Chinese, otherwise they still live in a planned economy - "dark" people and there is no one to tell them that their economy is not viable - you somehow convey to them your "bright" thoughts, otherwise you feel sorry for them, unreasonable wassat
  2. The comment was deleted.
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 12 December 2021 08: 36
      +14
      Quote: zontov79
      Is this the day Putin reset to zero?

      What caused the bewilderment of many! Before that, no one had any idea that such a miracle was possible.

      Obviously, for some people, power is more valuable than reputation.
      1. Gardamir
        Gardamir 12 December 2021 09: 31
        +7
        The fact is that the power is now, and the reputation can be discussed after ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. Nazar
        Nazar 12 December 2021 20: 50
        +1
        Stas157 - Quote from V.V. Mayakovsky: "... they held what was taken so that the blood protruded from under the nails .." And where could he go? In the evenings, he apparently watches a video with Gaddafi and after that he clings to his chair tighter and tighter belay
  3. Murmur 55
    Murmur 55 12 December 2021 06: 29
    +6
    According to this document, we must live in the most wonderful country, but so far we have what we have, I wonder why wink?!
  4. Engineer Schukin
    Engineer Schukin 12 December 2021 06: 36
    -5
    Hooray!

    New year, birthday and constitution day. Three of my favorite and most important holidays.
    There is no more pleasant feeling than being protected by the new Constitution.

    Hooray!
    1. expert
      expert 12 December 2021 06: 56
      +9
      Something at this early hour, no one overflows with joy ...
      It's kind of sad.
      Well, I wrote that I see and planted a minus. And according to the constitution, everyone is equal!
      It's a shame, you know.
      1. Pereira
        Pereira 12 December 2021 08: 45
        +5
        Apparently, the site is visited by unique people who like everything.
  5. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 12 December 2021 06: 39
    +5
    Thanks to the adoption of the new Constitution, for the first time in history, citizens of Russia have the ability to defend your rights in courtreferring to its norms.

  6. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 12 December 2021 06: 43
    +6
    Almost 78% of Russians voted for changing the basic law

    Yes more ...
    It is worth noting that the greatest public outcry was caused by the changes associated with the so-called "zeroing" of presidential terms, which allows the current leader of Russia, Vladimir Putin, to nominate himself in the next elections in 2024.

    And everyone reacted to this with understanding.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 12 December 2021 07: 38
      -7
      Quote: ROSS 42
      And everyone reacted to this with understanding.

      well, maybe people thought that VVP is better than Dimon.
      1. Pereira
        Pereira 12 December 2021 08: 47
        +8
        Two of a Kind.
      2. Region-25.rus
        Region-25.rus 12 December 2021 10: 18
        +8
        which is better GDP than Dimon.
        "....
        - one word - Dimon!
        - but he's Vova!
        - Yes? Who cares?"
        1. Region-25.rus
          Region-25.rus 12 December 2021 19: 13
          +3
          four minus signers! Are you from EP? )) Admit it)))
      3. paul3390
        paul3390 12 December 2021 10: 40
        +6
        better GDP than Dimon

        "Both are worse!" (c)
  7. zontov79
    zontov79 12 December 2021 07: 02
    +2
    https://news.mail.ru/politics/49175648/
    Food is already being prepared for us)
    Also, probably the CIA is to blame!
  8. Million
    Million 12 December 2021 09: 39
    +5
    This is a holiday for one citizen
  9. tatra
    tatra 12 December 2021 09: 48
    +10
    Well, enemies of the communists, are you not happy about YOUR national holiday? That's just it.
    Why, even 30 years after the destruction of the USSR, there are more comments on the Russian-language Internet about the Soviet period, many times more than about the post-Soviet period, in which all the enemies of the USSR boast as they all "and now it is better than in the USSR?
    And because the Soviet period has both supporters / defenders and opponents, and the post-Soviet period has only opponents, but there are no defenders, they have nothing to be proud of, besides, how much they HAVE GOT at the expense of someone else's labor, at the expense of their country and people, bought a lot of imports, gobbled up counterfeits for Soviet products - after all, but a lot, they were sent around the world. They have nothing to defend what they have done with Russia and the Russian people.
  10. Magog_
    Magog_ 12 December 2021 10: 32
    +10
    "Caring for Children" - daily appeals and entreaties of unhappy parents to help raise money for an operation for a sick child ... And where is the Circle of Kindness Foundation, announced by the Guarantor of the Constitution?
    "Annual indexation of pensions and benefits for those in need" - if they are indexed, then by 4-5%, and inflation accelerates to 12-30%, and for some goods - at times!
    Finally, the notorious quick response codes (QR) are generally unprecedented "triumph of democracy and the Constitution" ...
    Etc. etc. In short, happy holidays to everyone ... with tears in my eyes, literally!
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 12 December 2021 16: 53
      -8
      And in order to get money from this fund - you need to collect documents to prove that you are you and your child has a real illness for which such and such funds are needed and such a procedure takes time, so parents do not bother collecting via SMS because it is much faster.
    2. Sotskiy
      Sotskiy 12 December 2021 20: 26
      +5
      Quote: Magog_
      Finally, the notorious quick response codes (QR) are generally unprecedented "triumph of democracy and the Constitution" ...

      I don’t understand one thing, but why are you surprised?
      As grandfather Lenin said:

      And who is our ruling class since the beginning of the 90s, after the adoption of the Yeltsin Constitution? wink
      So everything is Feng Shui. lol
  11. Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers
    Oorfene Juice and his wooden soldiers 12 December 2021 10: 54
    +11
    Now the constitution will be edited by each new "tsar", an example has been given.
  12. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 12 December 2021 14: 04
    -4
    I think most of the commentators who have noted here have not particularly read either the Russian or the American Constitution. To be honest, the structure of power is more reminiscent of the one that has developed in France since 1958. Adjusted for federalism. The influence of the Constitutions of Austria, India, and the Federal Republic of Germany is noticeable here. Well, the powers of the President of the Russian Federation are greater than those of the Presidents of the United States or France.
    1. Tank hard
      Tank hard 12 December 2021 16: 21
      +2
      Quote: Sergej1972
      I think most of the commentators who have noted here have not particularly read either the Russian or the American Constitution. To be honest, the structure of power is more reminiscent of the one that has developed in France since 1958. Adjusted for federalism. The influence of the Constitutions of Austria, India, and the Federal Republic of Germany is noticeable here. Well, the powers of the President of the Russian Federation are greater than those of the Presidents of the United States or France.

      Well, what is there to be proud of? They will come up with one, then they will figure out how to change it, now wanting to enter these notorious QR codes, they will start thinking how to abolish this constitution? Just like in the joke, where the individual is the master of his word, wants to give the word, wants to take it back. laughing Well, who is such a constitution ...
      1. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 12 December 2021 17: 43
        -9
        And I like the text of the Constitution with the amendments more than before.
        1. Tank hard
          Tank hard 12 December 2021 21: 27
          -1
          Quote: Sergej1972
          And I like the text of the Constitution with the amendments more than before.

          And what is this constitution that they do not want to observe? laughing
    2. Nazar
      Nazar 12 December 2021 20: 57
      +4
      Sergej1972 - And all this does not remind you of neighboring Kazakhstan - huh? In the sense of that. that we have in the Russian Federation, that they have formed life-long "elbasy" in Kazakhstan by themselves. bully
  13. p0pulivox
    p0pulivox 12 December 2021 19: 43
    0
    However, many of our fellow citizens for some reason did not attach importance to other important changes. For example, many amendments, there were 206 of them, concern social issues such as the annual indexation of pensions, protection of the dignity of citizens and respect for their work, as well as affordable medicine and care for children left without parental care.

    Well, why, many citizens drew attention to the fact that the amendments did not in any way affect the improvement of their situation ...
    Finally, it should be borne in mind that the Constitution in Russia is now more important than international law. Consequently, the Constitutional Court from now on has the right not to execute decisions of international bodies, which in some way contradict our fundamental law.

    And what, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation is already executing decisions of international bodies ?!
    Article 15 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation
    1. The Constitution of the Russian Federation has supreme legal force, direct effect and is applied throughout the territory of the Russian Federation. Laws and other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation must not contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation [...]
    4. The universally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation are an integral part of its legal system. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules than those provided for by law, the rules of the international treaty are applied.
    In article 79 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, a new proposal appeared "Decisions of interstate bodies adopted on the basis of the provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation, contrary to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation."
  14. p0pulivox
    p0pulivox 12 December 2021 19: 49
    +2
    Quote: Vadim237
    For this, thank the Soviet system - it was she who created tens of thousands of enterprises in the state monopoly at the same time belong to everyone and at the same time to no one - if all of them from the very beginning were created and developed by private traders no total 90s: the seizure of plunder and abandonment would not have happened. From the very beginning, it was clear that an absolute state monopoly over everything would not be able to provide all public needs, since there is no real demand from the population, there is no competition, there is no possibility of creating and introducing goods at the individual level, the planned distribution command system has always worked well for large-scale projects, but it will never normally be work at the level of ensuring household demand.

    winked Tell me why it you have it so often it not an occupational disease?
  15. p0pulivox
    p0pulivox 12 December 2021 19: 54
    +2
    Quote: Engineer Schukin
    Hooray!

    New year, birthday and constitution day. Three of my favorite and most important holidays.
    There is no more pleasant feeling than being protected by the new Constitution.

    Hooray!

  16. Radikal
    Radikal 13 December 2021 04: 12
    0
    On December 12, 1993, the country's draft basic law was submitted to a popular referendum, in which just over 58 million Russians took part.
    Author - what kind of referendum are we talking about? In October 1993, the existing Constitution was shot from tanks! Everything! The countdown went to a different era in the country that they will write about ... someday, and someone!
    And maybe a political instructor will get up and poke a Nagant into the sky ... sad
  17. LORD-72
    LORD-72 19 December 2021 13: 46
    0

    Enslaved must celebrate the day of their enslavement! That's right!