Military Review

Albanian Stalin, Marshal Tito and the Soviet "occupiers"

56
Albanian Stalin, Marshal Tito and the Soviet "occupiers"

And our plans are huge



On December 9, 1961, two countries from the socialist camp - the powerful USSR and miniature Albania - officially broke off diplomatic relations with each other. The Ambassador of Albania to the USSR Nesti Nase (1922–1994) left Moscow on December 3, 1961; Soviet ambassador I. V. Shikin (1906-1973) left Tirana on 25 November.

Until 1962, only the heads of the embassy offices remained in the embassies. The Soviet Foreign Ministry, in its laconic statement on December 9, promptly accused Tirana of

unfriendly actions against Soviet diplomats and citizens, which is associated with the anti-Soviet policy of the Albanian leadership.

The Albanian Foreign Ministry was no less laconic to counter these accusations.

subversive, espionage work of a considerable number of Soviet diplomats, their attempts to dictate domestic and foreign policy to the leadership of our country.

Prior to that, in October 1961, at the XNUMXnd Congress of the CPSU, Khrushchev attacked the obstinate Albanian authorities, accusing them of “sold for 30 pieces of silver to the imperialists". At the same time, Khrushchev was echoed by all the members of the Presidium of the Central Committee who spoke at the congress, including, for example, Brezhnev, Mikoyan and Podgorny.

Italian historian Giuseppe Boffa notes that

in October 1961, at the XNUMXnd Congress of the CPSU, at which Khrushchev renewed his offensive against Stalin, he attacked the Albanian “leaders longing for Stalin.

And Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai, in his speech at the Soviet Congress, stated that

"Indiscriminate criticism of the Albanian leadership cannot be regarded as a serious, Marxist-Leninist approach."

He demonstratively honored the memory of Stalin at his new grave.


In turn, in the Albanian media, Enver Hoxha called the removal of the Stalinist sarcophagus from the mausoleum (October 31, 1961)

unique blasphemy, with which the Khrushchevites are trying to cover up the traces of their elimination of Stalin.

Moreover, Khrushchev, without agreement with Tirana, supported the then demand of Greece for an autonomous Greek region in the Albanian-Greek borderland. Not for the sake of a protocol meeting in early June 1960, Khrushchev invited ex-Prime Minister of Greece Sophocles Venizelos to Moscow.

During the conversation “dear Nikita Sergeevich"(As he was called in the Soviet media since 1959) agreed with the need for this autonomy, promising to discuss this issue with E. Hodge. The latter, of course, accused Moscow of alliance with Greek chauvinists and Tito's Belgrade to dismember Albania.

If a friend was suddenly


As noted by the Yugoslav newspapers,

the most friendly countries of the Soviet bloc to each other in a matter of time became each other's enemies. Khrushchev's hopes that Tirana would quickly obey his orders and anti-Stalinist decisions collapsed: E. Khodja, "Albanian Stalin" turned out to be a tough nut to crack.

The severance of diplomatic relations was preceded by mutual ideological polemics at different levels since the beginning of 1960, and on the verge of mutual direct insults of the top leaders. But already in the spring of 1961, both sides crossed this line.

And even in April-June 1961, the USSR unilaterally terminated all economic agreements with Albania. Since the spring of 1961, financial, economic and military-technical assistance to Tirana has been provided exclusively by Beijing (Khrushchev and the non-aligned).

The fact that Khrushchev hated the weakest at that time, moreover, the smallest socialist country, manifested itself during his meeting with the leadership of Czechoslovakia on June 1, 1961 in Prague:

... With Albania, where Stalin is worshiped, we now have such relations that it could not be worse. They are crazy. We stopped all help. Even where the construction of objects in Albania is 95% completed, we will not finish building it - we will not help our enemies! We will recall all our specialists shortly.


As for Khrushchev's assessment of the events in April-May 1961 at the Soviet naval base, which operated from the beginning of the 50s in the south of Albania in Vlora (The deeds of Nikita the miracle worker. Chao, Albania),

we were able to withdraw 8 submarines, and the Albanians, acting as pirates, captured 4 submarines, on which there was a mixed Soviet-Albanian command. From Beijing and Belgrade we were advised not to aggravate this conflict.


Meanwhile, the well-known contradictions between Tito's Yugoslavia and Stalinist Albania did not become an obstacle to Belgrade, along with Beijing, actually supporting Tirana in the Vlora conflict. For Yugoslavia, and even more so for the West, benefited from the weakening of the military-political positions of the USSR in the Balkans.

Moscow insisted that the CMEA and Warsaw Pact countries recall their ambassadors from Albania. But those ambassadors, except for the Romanian one, were recalled "for consultations" only for 5-6 months, and then they returned to Tirana. Although a campaign was launched in Albania against “East European puppet revisionism»: It only stopped in 1990.

Which party said: it is necessary!


In this regard, the statement of the Central Committee of the Albanian Party of Labor of January 19, 1990 is noteworthy:

... The peoples of the region fulfilled their long-standing aspirations by overthrowing the revisionist regimes, but this was taken advantage of by the right-wing forces and the international bourgeoisie supporting them. The working people, unfortunately, sided with the new anti-socialist authorities, for they mistakenly linked the rule of revisionism, the dominance of bureaucratic structures, the state of stagnation in these countries with socialism, with the ideology of Marxism-Leninism.
The Albanian communists have always consciously fought for the peoples to understand the danger of revisionist discrediting of socialism, its revolutionary ideology and politics. But the tragedy happened. We are painfully experiencing it, but we do not fall into despair.

However, in the fall of 1990, the APT was forced to abandon the monopoly on power in the country.

Meanwhile, the Soviet leadership in July 1962 requested Belgrade to allow Yugoslavia to pass the Warsaw Pact troops or Soviet special forces to Albania. But Tito rejected these "projects" and even reported them to E. Hoxha. The latter thanked Tito in a short telegram “Thank you, Marshal, for your decency”, But did not stop criticizing Tito's policies.


The fact that Albania escaped a pro-Soviet coup or invasion by troops of the Warsaw bloc countries is the merit of not only the PRC, but also, we repeat, Yugoslavia. As noted by the well-known Serbian political scientist and historian Alexander Zhivotich, the leadership of the SFRY convinced Moscow and the West that

they need to stay away from Albania. " Yugoslavia rejected “Moscow's hints of a possible military intervention in Albania or the elimination of E. Hoxha, rightly believing that these options were unacceptable for the SFRY.
Yugoslav diplomats believed that the intervention or coup in Tirana would be used by Western politicians and the media in a campaign against the USSR, which was trying to impose its will on one of the smallest and weakest countries. ”
In addition, the withdrawal of Albania from the Soviet camp “aroused great interest in it from the Western countries, which was known in Tirana. Where, in this situation, it was believed that the West would also support Stalin's Albania in the event of an attempt by Moscow to “repeat” in Albania the intervention and coup of 1956 in Hungary.

As a result, in the early 60s and later, Albania, thanks to many interrelated factors, managed not only to withstand, but also to win politically in the conflict with Moscow. Until 1990 ...
Author:
Photos used:
enverhoxha.ru, artofwar.ru, picabu.ru
56 comments
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  1. Free wind
    Free wind 15 December 2021 18: 29
    +2
    I can't understand what kind of garbage Khrushchev is considering.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 15 December 2021 19: 03
      +8
      This is a 1959 visit to Albania. Visit to a textile factory in Tirana.
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 15 December 2021 19: 04
      +1
      I can't understand what kind of garbage Khrushchev is considering.

      On the left, like, a roll of fabric, it means something textile.
    3. 135lm
      135lm 17 December 2021 11: 25
      +1
      The print is applied to the fabric. Nikita looks. Hypnotized
  2. Face
    Face 15 December 2021 19: 07
    +7
    Khrushchev is exactly what killed real communism. Party functionaries deliberately promoted this fool to become a little "more equal" than others.
    1. vlad106
      vlad106 18 January 2022 22: 01
      +1
      This is what vile Khrushchevism did in the country ...
    2. Rt-xnumx
      Rt-xnumx 9 February 2022 21: 13
      0
      Iosif Vissarionovich would have liked the word "hyperlink".
  3. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 15 December 2021 19: 08
    -2
    This whole gop-company - Khoja, Tito, and even Khrushch Kukuruzny and Mao Dzedun together have nothing to do with Stalin at all. It makes all the difference - Khoja and Mao prayed in public for Joseph, while Khrushch and Tito poured crap on him. And in their own countries, none of the worshipers did anything Stalinist, did not implement his principles of building a just state.
    1. House 25 Sq. 380
      House 25 Sq. 380 16 December 2021 15: 35
      +5
      So Stalin himself did not implement ...
    2. Alexei
      Alexei 11 January 2022 13: 42
      0
      >> "And in their own countries, none of the praying did anything Stalinist" -
      Your idle chatter is easily refuted by the 24 2021-episode documentary "Building a New China"
    3. Alex Count
      Alex Count 6 February 2022 21: 33
      0
      GULAG or what?
  4. pytar
    pytar 15 December 2021 23: 50
    -2
    Communist parties are essentially gangster-mafia formations. Each leader has slogans, blah-blah-blah, absurd dust. Inside, they were consumed in constant interpersonal, clan, etc. the struggle for power, and the so-called. "socialist countries" grizzled each other with frenzy.
    1. prior
      prior 16 December 2021 11: 25
      0
      Do not judge others, Bulgarian, and no one will say a bad word about you.
      And now you declare as a fascist.
      They, the fascists, also started a world war under the banner of fighting communism.
      1. pytar
        pytar 16 December 2021 11: 50
        +2
        Do not judge others, Bulgarian, and no one will say a bad word about you.

        1. I am not judging, I express my opinion. Like all the others who write here. We can have different opinions and that's okay! Only D. will say a bad word about those whose opinion does not coincide with the ego's opinion!
        2. According to your opinion, it is possible, but not for a Bulgarian? Again you get personal!
        3. Go ahead:
        And now you declare as a fascist.

        A fascist is one who cannot stand a different opinion! Listen, if you are supposedly a communist / socialist, these are international ideologies! Nationality doesn't matter! Yes? Coming from your first lines, do you think that it has? It turns out you have nationalism + socialism = national socialism / Nazism / !!!
        They, the fascists, also started a world war under the banner of fighting communism.

        And the communists were going to take over the whole world and establish their own ideology in the world! Some bandits against others, but the plans are the same!
        1. prior
          prior 16 December 2021 13: 09
          +1
          How much in vain are you chatting.
          Better answer, on whose side did Bulgaria come out in the Second World War, and how many Bulgarians died at the hands of Russian communist "bandits"? Didn't you fight on the side of Hitler against the Greeks and Yugoslavs ?!
          So choose words and comparisons.
          1. pytar
            pytar 16 December 2021 13: 59
            +3
            How much in vain are you chatting.

            Read your posts. Not a single word on the topic! Everything is on the opponent's personality!
            Better answer which side did Bulgaria take in World War II?

            When there will be such a topic, I will definitely tell you!
            So choose words and comparisons.

            So choose words and comparisons !!!!
            1. Chack wessel
              Chack wessel 17 December 2021 10: 11
              -4
              Quote: pytar
              When there will be such a topic, I will definitely tell you!

              Why are you shy now? :)
              1. pytar
                pytar 17 December 2021 10: 38
                +2
                Why are you shy now? :)

                I'm not at all shy! I follow the site rules! Forbidden comments not related to the topic of the article.
                1. viach
                  viach 19 December 2021 21: 37
                  0
                  Just don't be cunning! I suppose that it was a shame that your Tsar valued the Bulgarian troops very low, and the Germans released by the Bulgarian troops rushed to the east to kill the Soviet Union, the Russians, in the calm confidence that the Bulgarian troops in the Balkans would not disgrace the Germans with their atrocities! And they were right!
                  1. pytar
                    pytar 19 December 2021 23: 09
                    0
                    Just don't be cunning!

                    You are stubbornly trying to divert the topic!
                    I guess ...

                    Guess what you want, but in a related topic!
        2. viach
          viach 19 December 2021 21: 25
          0
          Do not confuse the communists with the Trotskyists, to whom Khrushchev belonged!
        3. Baron pardus
          Baron pardus 23 February 2022 02: 05
          +1
          Anti-Soviet - ALWAYS Russophobe. By the way, "brother", can you tell me which side Bulgaria took in the Second World War?
    2. Old Michael
      Old Michael 16 December 2021 15: 55
      +5
      Communist parties are essentially gangster-mafia formations.


      Hello dear Boyan!

      I can not agree with you.
      As long as the affairs of the party are determined by the Idea, the party is a constructive force. And when the leading party posts are filled with rogue careerists, a mafia structure emerges.

      Any structure must have a self-cleaning mechanism. In the post-war CPSU, this mechanism, alas, did not work (one of the reasons - among the first in the fire of the Great Patriotic War, it was the ideological, principled and decisive communists who were the first to rise up to attack and lead the fighters) burned out.

      But, even in spite of the disagreement, I give you a "+". Your comments are always meaningful. And whether I agree with your opinion or not is secondary.

      Yours faithfully,
      Michael hi
      1. pytar
        pytar 16 December 2021 17: 29
        +4
        Hello, dear Mikhail! hi
        Each has its own Truth, but no one has a monopoly over the Truth!

        If people are respectful to each other, to a different opinion, you can try to reveal the Truth! Thank you for your sane, balanced comment! With this attitude, I will argue with you a little!

        As long as the affairs of the party are determined by the Idea, the party is a constructive force. And when the leading party posts are filled with rogue careerists, a mafia structure emerges.

        An idea is a theory! And the mafia is for practice! Unfortunately, people can stain even the brightest idea! And also the idea in which God is denied cannot be bright ...
        All people live in the real world, deal with practice. Well besides some ... Famous phrase "Every revolution is conceived by romantics, carried out by fanatics, and the inveterate villains take advantage of its fruits." (To Thomas Carlyle), accurately reflects reality!

        Any structure must have a self-cleaning mechanism. In the post-war Communist Party of the Soviet Union, this mechanism, alas, did not work.

        These incapable of self-cleaning, they can only eat away at each other! Until the complete collapse of the party, the state and any other structure! The reason is in the structure itself, in its undemocratic nature, in its fundamental defectiveness. She herself creates and invariably reproduces viruses that ultimately kill her. And this was repeated invariably in every country, in all countries!

        ... (one of the reasons - among the first in the fire of the Great Patriotic War, it was the ideological, principled and decisive communists who were the first to rise up to attack and lead the fighters were burned)

        And before the Second World War, how many talented, capable, innocent people rotted in the Stalinist gulags? It even Tupolev, Korolev and many more of the greatest names have been in the lagers! Someone was lucky, stayed alive, others nope ...
        1. Old Michael
          Old Michael 16 December 2021 18: 49
          +3
          I will argue with you a little!

          Boyan! I did not see a subject for controversy.
          An idea is a theory! And the mafia is for practice!

          Yes, I agree, and I also wanted to use the quote from Carlyle, but I considered it not so significant regarding the topic raised.
          Ideological ones are the first to drop out. Some are in battle, others are "eaten" by crooks. The result is the mafia.

          And here:
          These incapable of self-cleaning, they can only eat away at each other! Until the complete collapse of the party, the state and any other structure! The reason is in the structure itself, in its undemocratic nature, in its fundamental defectiveness. She herself creates and invariably reproduces viruses that ultimately kill her. And this was repeated invariably in every country, in all countries!

          I'm not sure if I understand your idea correctly. What structure (or structures) are we talking about? About the Communist Party or any party in general?
          1. pytar
            pytar 16 December 2021 20: 25
            0
            I'm not sure if I understand your idea correctly. What structure (or structures) are we talking about? About the Communist Party or any party in general?

            Parties preaching dictatorship, totalitarianism, authoritarianism.
            1. Old Michael
              Old Michael 16 December 2021 21: 21
              +4
              Parties preaching dictatorship, totalitarianism, authoritarianism.

              Are there others?
              If you look closely, even greens and homosexuals, together with BLM, sin both dictatorship and totalitarianism.
              1. pytar
                pytar 16 December 2021 21: 42
                0
                Are there others?

                Certainly! Most are normal! If they win the elections, they rule, they will lose in opposition!
                If you look closely, even greens and homosexuals, together with BLM, sin both dictatorship and totalitarianism.

                How so? request
                1. Old Michael
                  Old Michael 16 December 2021 22: 11
                  +2
                  All of the above are inveterate extremists who do not accept opinions that differ from their own.
                  1. pytar
                    pytar 17 December 2021 00: 05
                    0
                    All of the above are inveterate extremists who do not accept opinions that differ from their own.

                    I confess that I am not familiar with LGBT people and similar ones. bully We have a Balkan-minded, traditional. But Green Party in Bulgaria! More than normal! Was in Parliament. I passed several very important, useful laws! 1997, in the 38th National Assembly, the ZP passed the “Law on the abolition of bank secrecy of persons with uncollectible loans”, or the so-called. “Credit Millionaire Law”. What is unique about this law is that it is the only state document, where more than 3 thousand published names are black and white. physical and legal. persons who robbed the banking system in the dashing 90s. We are talking about the amount of $ 1 billion !!! Pressed by the law, some of the debtors returned $ 6 million. This party was at the heart of environmental legislation. She initiated many environmental, anti-corruption and social actions - for example, protests against shist gas, against GMOs, etc. etc. A very useful party for the country, quite democratic. hi
        2. Dmitry Nikolaevich Fedunov
          Dmitry Nikolaevich Fedunov 17 December 2021 17: 24
          0
          Long live independent North Macedonia! You are not worthy of what you have: Pomaks will be independent!
    3. Victorio
      Victorio 16 December 2021 22: 35
      +1
      Quote: pytar
      Communist parties are essentially gangster-mafia formations. Each leader has slogans, blah-blah-blah, absurd dust. Inside, they were consumed in constant interpersonal, clan, etc. the struggle for power, and the so-called. "socialist countries" grizzled each other with frenzy.

      ===
      replace the word "communist" with the name of some other ruling party, and all \ almost all \ a lot will also correspond to reality. it is obvious that you have your own and somewhat substantiated claims to our recent Soviet past.
      1. Old Michael
        Old Michael 17 December 2021 00: 14
        0
        Victorio, I agree with you. But it looks like you intended to address your thought to Boyan. hi
      2. pytar
        pytar 17 December 2021 00: 26
        +3
        replace the word "communist" with the name of some other ruling party, and all \ almost all \ a lot will also correspond to reality.

        With this judgment, I will not argue! On the whole, you said right! hi I'll explain in more detail later!
        it is obvious that you have your own and somewhat substantiated claims to our recent Soviet past.

        My claims relate to the Communist Party, because it took power from us by force, for half a century monopoly and totalitarian rule the country! This party took away the primordial right of people to elect, criticize, change directions! She did not solve problems, she destroyed the dissatisfied! The communists believed that they would rule forever, but their rotten power turned out to be shaky, collapsed like a cardboard kula overnight! Our people are not otvik to think freely! Not that the other parties are the best, the fundamental problem is different! In a democracy, the people can drive them out, and they understand this, they try to do something for the people, not only their beloved ones! There is political competition, there is a competition of ideas, actions! This is a working self-cleaning system! Monopole leads to concreting, stagnation! And stagnation is lagging behind, lack of progress! Every power corrupts, absolute, absolutely corrupts! hi
        1. Victorio
          Victorio 17 December 2021 13: 43
          -2
          Quote: pytar
          for half a century ruled the country monopoly and totalitarian!

          Quote: pytar
          artia took away the primordial right of people to choose

          Quote: pytar
          she destroyed the disaffected!

          Quote: pytar
          but their rotten power turned out to be shaky, collapsed like a cardboard kula overnight!

          Quote: pytar
          Our people are not otvik to think freely!

          ===
          - I will not go deeper, but in some developed democratic countries, parties have ruled monopoly for decades. and in others - they alternate (today one is in power, tomorrow another, and the day after tomorrow the first one again);
          - and then no one took away the right to choose, you could not vote;
          - the time was like that. and out of necessity, even now, even in the most democratic of the democratic, dissent will be rubbed into dust for harm to the authorities, or life will be ruined at least;
          - about how people have lost the habit of thinking this, excuse me, a question for the people themselves, and about the effectiveness of technologies for processing consciousness. I'm sure the current generations are processed just as well as the previous ones, and maybe even better
          1. pytar
            pytar 17 December 2021 15: 12
            -1
            - I will not go deeper, but in some developed democratic countries, parties have ruled monopoly for decades. and in others - they alternate (today one is in power, tomorrow another, and the day after tomorrow the first one again);

            Do they / these parties / decide so themselves, or is it a voter? bully
            - and then no one took away the right to choose, you could not vote;

            What does it mean to "choose" when there is only one party, everything else is prohibited and persecuted? To "choose" to vote and not to vote does not mean anything. Moreover, it didn’t matter, because the commissions literally wrote protocols, chasing 99, n%! I participated in the service, they called each other in sections and asked - "How much do you have? Aaa ... 99,3%! Well, we are not worse than you, we will rewrite it /, 99,6% !!! And all calmly, since the opposition did not exist to observe!
            - the time was like that. and out of necessity, even now, even in the most democratic of the democratic, dissent will be rubbed into dust for harm to the authorities, or life will be ruined at least;

            You are 70 years old, we are 50 years old! The problem is not in time, but in the essence of totalitarianism! The current freedom of opinion, the possibilities of choice, the ability to influence social development, not compared with the previous one, it was then simply absent! I have lived half my life under this system, I know what I'm talking about!
            - about how people have lost the habit of thinking this, excuse me, a question for the people themselves, and about the effectiveness of technologies for processing consciousness. I'm sure the current generations are processed just as well as the previous ones, and maybe even better

            There is such a problem, it is true. But mentality matters more. We absolutely do not tolerate autocracies, leaderism, party secretaries, and the like!
            1. Victorio
              Victorio 18 December 2021 21: 42
              -1
              Quote: pytar

              - about how people have lost the habit of thinking this, excuse me, a question for the people themselves, and about the effectiveness of technologies for processing consciousness. I'm sure the current generations are processed just as well as the previous ones, and maybe even better

              There is such a problem, it is true... But mentality matters more. We absolutely do not tolerate autocracies, leaderism, party secretaries, and the like!

              ===
              then it may be worthwhile to focus on such essential problems, and not blame everything on the "horrors" of the recent past
              1. pytar
                pytar 19 December 2021 00: 31
                0
                then it may be worthwhile to focus on such essential problems, and not blame everything on the "horrors" of the recent past

                If you don't understand the past, you will repeat your mistakes.
                1. Victorio
                  Victorio 19 December 2021 13: 58
                  -1
                  Quote: pytar
                  then it may be worthwhile to focus on such essential problems, and not blame everything on the "horrors" of the recent past

                  You will not understand the past, you will repeat your mistakes.

                  ===
                  in this case, you obviously did not understand the past, if there are a lot of mistakes in the present
                  1. pytar
                    pytar 19 December 2021 15: 13
                    0
                    in this case, you obviously did not understand the past, if there are a lot of mistakes in the present

                    have you figured it out? if in the present and you have a bunch of mistakes? laughing or are there no mistakes, everything is just lovely? bully
                    1. Victorio
                      Victorio 19 December 2021 15: 20
                      0
                      Quote: pytar
                      in this case, you obviously did not understand the past, if there are a lot of mistakes in the present

                      have you figured it out? if in the present and you have a bunch of mistakes? laughing or are there no mistakes, everything is just lovely? bully

                      ===
                      ? I do not give out on the mountain arrays of accusatory blanks with juicy destructive epithets. secondly, I did not mean personalities at all. there are problems in the countries now. you have failed that the past may be the cause. and the past is laughed at, they speculate on it, they profit from it, the result of this, and now, corresponding
                      1. pytar
                        pytar 19 December 2021 16: 34
                        0
                        and the past is laughed at, they speculate on it, they profit from it, the result of this, and now, corresponding

                        In this past I have lived half my life. I have the right to my opinion! Whether someone likes it or not, it makes no difference to me.
                      2. Victorio
                        Victorio 19 December 2021 20: 54
                        -1
                        Quote: pytar
                        and the past is laughed at, they speculate on it, they profit from it, the result of this, and now, corresponding

                        In this past I have lived half my life. I have the right to my opinion! Whether someone likes it or not, it makes no difference to me.

                        ===
                        ? it does not change the essence, for some reason you are intoxicatingly pouring dirt into the past, that's all, and this is noticeable. and everything else is already secondary.
  5. House 25 Sq. 380
    House 25 Sq. 380 16 December 2021 15: 33
    -3
    The Communists have either enemies or traitors in the party ...
    Except those who managed to die a natural death ...
    However, even such people can be thrown out of the "last refuge" ...
    1. pytar
      pytar 16 December 2021 17: 33
      +1
      The Communists have either enemies or traitors in the party ... Except for those who managed to die a natural death ... However, even such people can be thrown out of the "last refuge" ...

      100% agree with the facts! good

      It is analogous to everything, in all countries where this political, social model ruled! yes
      1. Chack wessel
        Chack wessel 17 December 2021 10: 13
        -1
        Are you definitely from Bulgaria, and not from Ukraine? :)
        1. pytar
          pytar 17 December 2021 10: 43
          +1
          And you are definitely from Bulgaria ...

          All my life, and I have lived for many years! bully
          ... and not from Ukraine? :)

          I have never been to Ukraine, but in Russia 120 times, half of my relatives are Russians. yes
          1. Chack wessel
            Chack wessel 24 December 2021 11: 57
            0
            Lucky. :)
            1. pytar
              pytar 24 December 2021 12: 15
              0
              Lucky. :)

              I have plans to visit Ukraine. We have a lot of Ukrainians, and there are more tourists from Ukraine than Russian. Those Ukrainians I know are quite adequate, normal people. Previously, I did not distinguish them from Russians, for me they were all Russian-speaking and they were Russians. I can tell that in their majority Ukrainians are more adequate ... wassat
  6. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 21 December 2021 17: 39
    0
    Communist parties are essentially gangster-mafia formations.

    Without a doubt, like Spartacus, Robin Hood, Wilhelm Tel, Che Guevara and thousands like them.
    Each leader has slogans, blah-blah-blah, absurd dust.

    I did not think that you are anarchist and atheist and hate leaders, kings and gods. Congratulations!
    Inside, they were consumed in constant interpersonal, clan, etc. the struggle for power, and the so-called themselves. "socialist countries" grizzled each other with frenzy.

    Finally I realized that the communists crucified Jesus, exterminated the heretics with fire and sword, captured Constantinople, destroyed the local population of America and Australia, set fire to all conflicts in the history of mankind and dropped nuclear bombs over Japanese cities.
    1. pytar
      pytar 23 February 2022 10: 11
      0
      Spartacus, Robin Hood, Wilhelm Tel, Che Guevara and thousands of them.

      “Every revolution is conceived by romantics, carried out by fanatics, and inveterate scoundrels use its fruits” (Thomas Carlyle)
      I did not think that you are anarchist and atheist and hate leaders, kings and gods. Congratulations!

      Play with words, change concepts! I am a believer, but not religious. Do not put equality between God and leaders, kings, partgenoyse! Deification, the cult of personality to the leaders and God, are completely different things!
      Finally I realized that the communists crucified Jesus, exterminated the heretics with fire and sword, captured Constantinople, destroyed the local population of America and Australia, set fire to all conflicts in the history of mankind and dropped nuclear bombs over Japanese cities.

      The Bolsheviks destroyed a huge number of Orthodox churches in Russia. Their derivatives in Kampuchea destroyed a third of the population. Millions rotted in Stalin's gulags. They created artificial "nations" by committing heinous crimes against humanity! The communist USSR and China almost unleashed a thermonuclear war among themselves!
      The comics had everything you write and you can’t hide it, it’s so creepy!
  7. Gueuze Ulenspiegel
    Gueuze Ulenspiegel 25 December 2021 13: 37
    0
    The consequences of the "policy of throwing" idiot Khrushch had to be raked out by all subsequent Soviet secretaries general.
  8. Sapiens
    Sapiens 3 January 2022 22: 57
    0
    The traitor Khrushchev split the left world movement, again. This has brought the death of socialism and the USSR closer. The elites of the USSR sat down at the gambling table with a world swindler, having signed their own death warrant. Or they got into the sinking Titanic.
  9. Chack wessel
    Chack wessel 4 January 2022 07: 35
    0
    Quote: pytar
    Previously, I did not distinguish them from Russians, for me they were all Russian-speaking and they were Russians. I can tell that in their majority Ukrainians are more adequate ...

    It is good that the Ukrainians seem to YOU ​​to be more adequate. This means that WE are doing everything right. :)
  10. Glagol1
    Glagol1 16 January 2022 14: 01
    0
    How much harm did the bald man bring to the USSR?! It's good that at least in 1962 they were smart enough not to press the red button.
  11. Kerzhak
    Kerzhak 17 January 2022 19: 27
    0
    It seems that Khrushchev did all this on purpose.