Military Review

UAVs for the domestic fleet

25
At the end of August, the month of RIA News published an interview with the head of the department of state defense orders of the United Shipbuilding Corporation A. Shlemov. A characteristic feature of the publication was the mention of several interesting and partly new to our naval fleet things. Among other things, some work was mentioned to create unmanned aerial vehicles for the fleet. Moreover, according to Shlemov, in the future, domestic warships will be able to transport and use UAVs for various purposes. From reconnaissance to shock. Unfortunately, so far there has been quite a bit of information on this topic, but even from fragmentary information you can make an approximate picture and appearance of a ship's drone in the near future.

First of all, you need to remember the obvious fact. For basing on ships, with the exception of aircraft carriers, only helicopter-type UAVs are suitable. In other words, the emergence and development of naval unmanned vehicles will go the same way as earlier equipping ships aviation technique. Aircraft with a rotor are much less demanding on the area required for takeoff and landing, and can also perform a number of specific tasks inaccessible to aircraft. Therefore, for a sufficiently long time the fleet will receive only unmanned helicopters. As for aircraft without a man on board, their development, construction and delivery to the fleet are more dependent on the existing carrier fleet than on technical capabilities.

Ka-37


Earlier it was reported that the Ministry of Defense held a competition for the development of a heavy unmanned helicopter for the needs of the Navy. It is known about the participation and victory in the competition of projects of the Kamov company, which are helicopter UAVs for various purposes. One of them, Ka-37C, is a further development of the purely experimental apparatus of the mid-nineties. Probably, this project was supposed to be used to study the capabilities of shipless drones and to shape the appearance of this class of technology. In addition, in the context of the competition, Ka-135 and Ka-117 were repeatedly mentioned. The first of these, according to available data, is primarily intended for reconnaissance, and the second has the ability to carry out strikes against ground targets. A few years ago there were rumors about the tests of the Ka-117, equipped with anti-tank guided missiles. As we can see, even Kamov OJSC alone has certain achievements in the field of creating unmanned helicopters for various purposes. Therefore, there is every reason to assume that in the future the fleet will be able to really get almost any equipment of this class that it needs.

Ka-135


Currently, manned helicopters based on ships perform several basic functions. These include the carriage of passengers and cargo (Ka-29), radar patrol (Ka-31), search and rescue operations (Ka-27PS and Ka-29), as well as anti-submarine defense (Ka-27). All these tasks are related to the lifting and transportation of a certain payload - cargo, target equipment or weapons. So, for example, radar stations, the dimensions of which allow them to be installed on existing unmanned vehicles, weigh from several tens of kilograms to a centner and higher. Corresponding should be the capacity of the drone. Thus, the minimum take-off weight of a UAV with a radar station is no less than 800-900 kg. At the same time, the device must have a reserve of fuel for long-term locking at a distance from the carrier ship. Of course, the creation of such a technique is not easy. However, the presence on the ship of several long-range radar detection UAVs allows a relatively small force to organize a permanent duty in the air. In the case of a compound of several ships that have such drones on board, it becomes possible to create a solid “field” of observation of the surrounding area.

It is worth noting that at present the use of UAVs for observation or reconnaissance is the main trend in the development of this class of flying technology. Impact UAVs exist, but so far have not received particularly wide distribution. Probably the same should be expected in the case of unmanned aerial vehicles for the fleet. Moreover, the weight and size parameters of the main types of weapons intended for the destruction of surface ships and submarines, very transparently hint at the size, take-off weight and engine power needed by the UAV to use them. Therefore, until a certain time, naval drones will perform exclusively reconnaissance functions. Of course, over time, quite large and heavy vehicles can be created that can not only normally transport and use anti-ship missiles or depth charges, but also have an adequate supply of them.

A possible solution to the weight problem, when it is not possible to install both weapons and target detection systems on one UAV, may be the creation of complexes of two vehicles. In other words, one drone carries equipment for detecting, for example, submarines (such equipment is one of the heaviest in naval aviation), and the other - a torpedo or depth charges. In appearance, such a system is interesting and suitable for practical operation. However, in combat, the "separation" of equipment and weapons can have negative consequences. First, with the loss of one drone, the whole system may not be capable. Of course, if only the carrier was destroyed, then you can send a new one and try to complete the attack, if by that time the search engine target designer was not shot down. The second minus of such a system concerns the complexity and cost of controls.

In general, the most promising direction in the field of unmanned aerial vehicles for the navy is the creation of UAVs equipped with various surveillance and reconnaissance equipment, both in the optical and radar ranges. Gradually, with the development of the industry, new drones should appear, carrying more and more effective (range and detection range) target systems. However, in the case of the same radar, an increase in the detection range will entail an increase in the mass of the station and, as a result, in the take-off weight of the entire unmanned helicopter. Thus, the technologies necessary for creating early detection UAVs will indirectly help to create cargo and combat aircraft without a person on board.

The gradual planned development of the industry of unmanned aerial vehicles for the Navy described above has its pros and cons. All of them should be taken into account when forming the technical requirements for new UAVs. Some time ago there was unconfirmed information about the impending completion of the formation of a technical task for a new unmanned helicopter. If it was not a rumor, but true, then in the coming months we will be able to find out the first details of the project and imagine what the new naval drones will look like.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://odnako.org/
http://airwar.ru/
http://rusarmy.com/
http://warships.ru/
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  1. Sasha 19871987
    Sasha 19871987 18 September 2012 08: 52
    0
    well done, in shock unmanned vehicles over time will be mastered and put into operation, Moscow, too, was not immediately built
    1. Civil
      Civil 18 September 2012 09: 40
      +2
      10 years, more than 5 billion rubles, there are no words like there is no UAV, the author why drip iodine in the eyes ....
      1. Redpartyzan
        Redpartyzan 18 September 2012 10: 00
        0
        Helicopter-type drone in Russia are under active development. The following models were accepted for further tests: ka 135 flight range 100 km, load capacity 100 kg. Ka 175 300 km and in 2017 the test will pass the albatross of 400 km and about 1000 kg. So there is no need to talk about complete stagnation. On the other hand, the Amer fire scout has long been in service and has already taken part in conflicts. On tests there are also 3 more types of drone with characteristics superior to ours. Mq-8c fire 7, hummingbird, k-max. Here is such a picture.
        1. spender
          spender 18 September 2012 10: 16
          0
          It amazes me why Russia is so lagging behind in this industry not only from the leading countries, but now from the countries of the "Third World"?

          Iran created its own drone "Shahid-129"

          17 September 2012, 21: 03

          The Iranian military created an unmanned aerial vehicle of its own production, Shahid-129, the commander of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC), Mohammad Ali Jafari, told reporters.

          «Shahid 129 "can carry out combat missions, reconnaissance missions, as well as make 24-hour non-stop flights.

          According to Jafari, the drone is equipped with Sadid missiles manufactured by the IRGC. A plane can hit targets at a considerable distance, Reports Interfax.
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 18 September 2012 10: 22
            +4
            Quote: spender
            It amazes me why Russia is so lagging behind in this industry not only from the leading countries, but now from the countries of the "Third World"?

            And what is striking, all right there is such a tendency, when there are no simple engineers in sufficient numbers, but at least grease managers and do not get off the TV screens. There is a lot of trepidation, but there are no cases, this is the result of the lag, and despite this the country continues to train lawyers and economists in wild quantities.
            1. common man
              common man 18 September 2012 20: 00
              +1
              One hundred pluses. Unfortunately, even a brilliant lawyer-economist, headed by an effective manager, will not create a simple piece of iron. For this, what kind of engineer is needed. And they do not need our country nafig. Such an impression, at least develops.
            2. SenyaYa
              SenyaYa 18 September 2012 21: 59
              0
              There really are a lot of managers .... but there are no worthy managers, so Russia is in the ass ... AvtoVAZ has 10 directors, and how they did it in a threshing floor and continue to do it
          2. Yars
            Yars 18 September 2012 13: 13
            0
            it is not known how he will be in a real battle, and there is no doubt that ours will create one of the best UAVs in the world
      2. Yars
        Yars 18 September 2012 13: 09
        0
        and prove that it is not and why 10 years? I think you need to stop iodine dripping into your eyes, alarmist
      3. crazyrom
        crazyrom 19 September 2012 00: 41
        0
        Quote: Civil
        no no UAV


        What does it mean no? There is a photo, but there is no UAV?
    2. vanya
      vanya 18 September 2012 14: 42
      0
      the fleet needs drones capable of targeting anti-ship missiles.
  2. Director
    Director 18 September 2012 10: 07
    0
    the main thing is not to give up ventures.
  3. Trailer
    Trailer 18 September 2012 10: 13
    +8
    Once again, we recall our craftsmen who do not spend billions, do not go through dozens of commissions, but simply do what is necessary. On such and keeps the army!

    Konstantin Pichulin, captain-lieutenant of one of the Pacific Fleet’s guard ships, designed an unmanned aerial vehicle with the help of which he examines his ship and everything that is around it within a radius of tens of kilometers.
    1. Leisure
      Leisure 18 September 2012 10: 19
      +1
      Everything is held by amateurs enthusiasts. Where is MIG, SU, YAK, MI, KA, TU, IL, the mind is not enough to do?
      1. Civil
        Civil 18 September 2012 11: 07
        +1
        Leisure,


        caught on late ...
        1. Ascetic
          Ascetic 18 September 2012 11: 30
          +3
          Quote: Civil
          caught on late ...


          Better late than never.
          1. lelikas
            lelikas 18 September 2012 12: 37
            +2
            The first photo camera 1996 release !!!! Much later. And he already flew at 96m.
    2. lelikas
      lelikas 18 September 2012 12: 33
      +1
      Drop-offs definitely !!, But he should not do this!
      Kamovtsi, damn it, put the ruler next to the helicopter - the size is interesting.
      1. PSih2097
        PSih2097 18 September 2012 17: 22
        +1
        But he should not do this!

        Recently, a friend and I took his son to the "young Terrorist (pah you) Technician ", so they have about six models of UAVs, and all are made by hand ... As one guy said, one of them has a range of up to 25 km, although the control module weighs 150 kilograms, but this is empty, the main thing the country is not depleted of talents and enthusiasts ...
    3. studentmati
      studentmati 18 September 2012 23: 40
      +1
      Konstantin Pichulin is an aircraft modeling enthusiast who creates masterpieces for his salary and in his spare time from service. On a national scale, it takes a long time to create something that does not take off for a long time, and when it takes off, it will take a long time to be introduced into production. And this usually equals the length of time that decision-makers are in power (you need to build houses, buy cars, yachts, modern planes - what kind of drone is there).
  4. saturn.mmm
    saturn.mmm 18 September 2012 11: 25
    0
    The road will be mastered by the walking one. Work is being carried out not only in the Kamova firm in this direction, and I think that the result will eventually be not much inferior to the United States and Israel.
    I liked the Ka-135, the view is very interesting.
    And Iran is certainly ahead of the rest.
  5. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 18 September 2012 11: 50
    +1
    But this is really good news! .. And then all the import, but about import ...
    In principle, the Kamov Design Bureau began developing its UAVs in the early 1990s, and there is nothing surprising here. The whole question is why, over the course of many years, these developments have been ignored by the ranks of the RF Ministry of Defense, and their foreign counterparts persistently offered to be supplied to the military? ..
  6. snek
    snek 18 September 2012 13: 16
    +2
    The news itself is only the first paragraph (the rest is the author’s thoughts on the topic). This is not addressed to the author (he definitely has a plus) but to the fact that it all comes down to the fact that Shalemov said that
    Among other things were mentioned some work on creating unmanned aerial vehicles for the fleet. Moreover, according to Shlemov, in perspective domestic warships will be able to transport and use UAVs for various purposes.

    "Some work" is great. Someone is doing something.
    "In the future" - in what? in 2015, in 2020 (at the same time when we will have 1000 new planes, etc.) or when?
    Cars are needed now. At least some. We need people to get used to using them, to work with them.
  7. wvivon
    wvivon 18 September 2012 15: 09
    +1
    according to the article (as in the last 4 articles on all articles here) blah blah blah -will be !!!! cheers !!!! blah blah-blah-the best in the world !! hurray !!! (and when you ask Dima Rogozin, he will explain everything to you) good
    1. commander
      commander 18 September 2012 15: 38
      -3
      This is a military harpoon. ru as it is. ESSENCEso to speak. Not to say that this is something bad, it's just that the site is "popular" and not "specialized" like BTVT or Courage-2004 wink
      1. datur
        datur 18 September 2012 16: 29
        0
        commander, again again 2 marsh trolls announced !!!! belay wassat wassat
      2. snek
        snek 18 September 2012 16: 47
        +1
        Quote: military commander
        This is a Military Survey. ru as it is. ESSENCE, so to speak. Not to say that this is something bad, just the site is "popular", and not "specialized" like BTVT or Courage-2004

        Bold, comrade troll, very bold.
        1. spender
          spender 18 September 2012 16: 50
          +5
          Quote: snek
          Bold, comrade troll, very bold.

          Nikolay, this is a former Neighbor (Heat engineer and ...) so don't be fooled. His communication style is provocation !!! hi
      3. wvivon
        wvivon 18 September 2012 17: 43
        -2
        I don’t know us4from a review of the article, they become more and more advertising right-wing parties and the nonsense that Rogozin carries, even the crack will cease to comment wassat
  8. PSih2097
    PSih2097 18 September 2012 17: 31
    +1
    I think that there are two problems with UAVs:
    The first is the incomprehensible movements of the Moscow Region and their inability to give a distinct TK on the specific performance characteristics of the proposed machine, and the second is the lag in microelectronics from other countries. And if the second problem is solved by means of procurement of components, then with the first it is necessary to radically solve something ...
  9. Forward
    Forward 18 September 2012 23: 55
    +1
    And yet, UAVs must be created by professionals! request