Military Review

On a new chassis with new capabilities: the state and prospects of the Bundeswehr engineering armored vehicle fleet

31

BREM BPz 3 uses a crane


The German ground forces have a fairly large fleet of armored engineering vehicles for various purposes. Right now, a program for its modernization is being carried out, which provides for the gradual abandonment of some outdated samples and their replacement with modern technology. One of the main goals of such an update is a complete transition to the current chassis with high performance, which will provide advantages of a technical and other nature.

Current status


According to the latest reference book The Military Balance, more than 260 engineering vehicles of various types are currently in operation in the Bundeswehr. Engineering units and subdivisions have engineering Tanks / fencing vehicles, armored recovery vehicles, tank bridge layers and mine clearance vehicles. Solving their tasks, they must ensure the combat work of mechanized formations.

The most massive are ARVs - 120 units. This park includes approx. 60 old machines Bergepanzer BPz 2 and the same number of modern Bergepanzer BPz3 Büffel. The mobility of the units should be ensured by bridge layers: 22 old Panzerschnellbrücke Biber machines and 5 new Panzerschnellbrücke Leguan vehicles. Engineering barriers and similar tasks are performed by 57 Pionerpanzer 2 Dachs vehicles. There are still 24 Minenräumpanzer Keiler demining vehicles in service.


Towing a conditionally damaged armored vehicle

A characteristic feature of such a fleet is a fairly large number of equipment samples made on outdated chassis. Thus, the BPz 2 BREM and the Biber bridgelayer are based on the Leopard 1 tank, and the Keiler is based on the modified American M48 tank chassis. At the same time, there is equipment on modern Leopard 2 chassis, incl. the latest modifications - BPz 3 and Leguan.

De-unification, first of all, complicates the simultaneous operation of existing types of equipment. Several types of chassis require different supply of parts and require different maintenance. In addition, modern and outdated tank chassis seriously differ in their tactical and technical characteristics, which leads to additional operational and operational limitations.

For a general renewal of the park of engineering equipment as a whole and to correct the existing shortcomings, some samples are now being replaced with modern counterparts. At the same time, such replacement projects have different priorities and are carried out at different rates. In addition, the replacement of some products has been postponed for the time being. The sequence, priority and pace of measures to renew the park are determined by a number of factors. First of all, this is the compliance of the existing technology with the requirements and the availability of a newer model with improved performance.


Engineering tank Pionierpanzer 2 Dachs on the track

Repair and evacuation


The main ARV in the Bundeswehr is the Bergepanzer BPz 3 Büffel ("Buffalo"). This vehicle was developed at the end of the eighties in connection with the appearance of the new main tank Leopard 2. This MBT differed from its predecessors in its increased weight, and the existing ARVs could not provide its evacuation. In this regard, a new Büffel vehicle was developed on the chassis of a new tank, having the necessary characteristics.

In the nineties, 75 such ARVs were built. For various reasons, their number subsequently decreased slightly, but they remain the main representative of their class, both quantitatively and qualitatively. Only BPz 3 are capable of fully working with Leopard 2 tanks of the latest modifications, which differ in their newly increased mass.

BREM Büffel differs from the basic MBT in the superstructure of the hull and in the presence of special equipment. A dozer blade is installed on the forehead of the body, also used to stop when pulling out equipment. On the starboard side there is a boom of a lifting crane with a lifting capacity of 30 tons. There are also two winches: the main one with a force of 35 tons and an additional one for 650 kgf. For self-defense, the vehicle is equipped with a machine gun and a large number of smoke grenade launchers.


"Badger" on earthworks

Due to the unified chassis, the BPz ARRV can move in the same orders with the tanks, both on the roads and in the terrain. Using standard equipment, the vehicle can pull out any German tanks and provide the necessary assistance. In particular, it is possible to replace the MBT power unit in the field, which requires no more than 30-35 minutes.

Fencing machines


In the late eighties, the "engineering tank" Pionierpanzer 2 Dachs ("Badger") was created. The chassis of the obsolete MBT Leopard 1 was taken as the basis for this vehicle. This choice was due to the acceptable characteristics of the tank and the presence of a mass of decommissioned vehicles with a large remaining resource. A total of 150 engineering vehicles were built; most of them were destined for the Bundeswehr.

During the restructuring at Dachs, the tank received a new superstructure with a telescopic boom equipped with a bucket and suitable for use as a crane. A lowering dozer blade was placed on the forehead of the hull. Several winches were also used. With this equipment, Dachs can open or fill trenches, clear debris and carry out a variety of earthworks.


Tank bridge layer Biber in the stowed position

By now, the Leopard 1 chassis are outdated and Dachs will have to be phased out in the near future. In this regard, the Bundeswehr decided to purchase modern AEV 3 Kodiak ("Kodiak") engineering tanks on a new chassis. In the spring of this year, the first contract was signed for the supply of 44 units. such a technique. The delivery of the first machines is expected in the near future, and the order will take several years to complete.

AEV 3 can be built from scratch or modified from existing MBT Leopard 2. In terms of equipment and functions, this machine is similar to the existing Dachs, but has several important differences. The main thing is the new boom design. It is now three-cranked and has increased maneuverability. Also, a new bucket with the ability to grip objects was used and the function of a crane was retained. Instead of a standard bulldozer blade, a mine trawl plow can be mounted.

Tank bridges


To increase the mobility of troops on the ground, the Panzerschnellbrücke Biber ("Beaver") tank bridge-layer is intended. This type of equipment was produced in the seventies and more than 100 machines were built. To date, only 22 units remain in the ranks.


Leguan's state-of-the-art bridgelayer brings the bridge into working position

The Biber is built on a Leopard 1 chassis and has a 22 m long two-section track bridge with a carrying capacity of 60 tons. The bridge is divided into two halves. In the stowed position, one lies on top of the other, and before laying, the upper one passes along the lower one, they line up and connect. Unlike a folding bridge, such a bridge is less noticeable on the battlefield during the laying process.

The Biber's performance remains acceptable, but the base chassis is outdated. In the past, a new engineering vehicle Panzerschnellbrücke 2 was developed to replace it, but it did not suit the customer. Several years ago, a new project of the bridgelayer appeared - Panzerschnellbrücke Leguan (Iguana). The two new projects used the modern Leopard 2 MBT chassis and improved axle stackers, which also had increased characteristics.

To date, the Leguan bridgelayer has passed the necessary tests and was built in a small series. So far, the Bundeswehr has only five such machines, but in the future their number will increase. This will allow you to keep the number of bridges at the required level, as well as write off obsolete equipment with a minimum remaining resource.


Demining machine Keiler in the stowed position. Working bodies are laid on the roof

Mine clearance issues


In the second half of the nineties, the German army received 24 Keiler ("Boar") demining vehicles. This technique was performed on the modified chassis of the outdated M48 tanks, which received a set of modern components. The operation of such machines continues to this day, and plans to replace it have not yet been announced. That being said, some of Keiler's functions may be taken over by other samples, such as AEV 3.

When rebuilt in Keiler, the base chassis received a nose flap-stop, as well as a movable boom with a rotating striking trawl and an electromagnetic trawl. In addition, the machine is equipped with a device for marking the cleared passage using flags.

The Keiler demining machine is an example of an interesting approach to the operation of machinery. Despite the use of a hull with limited protection and other units of a long-outdated medium tank, it copes with the tasks set and has repeatedly demonstrated its potential in real operations.


"Boar" destroys mine

In the process of updating


Thus, the Bundeswehr has all the necessary samples of engineering armored vehicles with different functions. Tanks and motorized infantry can always count on their help - when crossing minefields, when overcoming various obstacles and even in case of damage. In general, the special equipment of engineering units increases the mobility of military groupings, which makes it possible to effectively fulfill the assigned tasks.

The engineering armored vehicle park is gradually developing. Based on current needs, objective constraints, etc. The Bundeswehr regularly orders the development of new models and brings them to acceptance for supply and operation in the troops. The emergence of such a technique makes it possible to abandon its old counterparts with obtaining new opportunities and advantages. And the next new items in the form of serial Leguan or AEV 3 are expected in the very near future.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of Germany
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  1. Observer2014
    Observer2014 1 December 2021 18: 13
    0
    Interesting article. hi And by the way, do you know how much, according to the standards, the Germans have to change the engine on the Leopard tank? bully Wow
    1. Urs
      Urs 1 December 2021 18: 35
      +4
      And you, dear, know how much time we need to replace the engine with T72 according to the standard.
      Did my fighters change in 2.5 hours, the main thing is that the flyer does not disappoint sad
      And com remroth gave a normal carrier wassat
      1. Observer2014
        Observer2014 1 December 2021 18: 40
        +1
        And you, dear, know how much time we need to replace the engine with T72 according to the standard.
        I don’t know. How much?
    2. Andrey R2R
      Andrey R2R 1 December 2021 18: 40
      -1
      hi Enlighten if not a burden
      1. Urs
        Urs 1 December 2021 18: 44
        +1
        Believe it or not, I don’t know either, I don’t remember exactly, 35 years have passed request
      2. Observer2014
        Observer2014 1 December 2021 18: 56
        +1
        Take off two minutes with a penny. Put a little more laughing When I heard it for the first time from a major of the Bundeswehr, I didn’t believe it. Well, I really didn’t believe it. I can’t post a video. We seem to be under sanctions. On YouTube, look at the whole engine replacement for 7 minutes.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Andrey R2R
          Andrey R2R 1 December 2021 19: 04
          +1
          The observer will agree only under the conditions - the screens are removed, the fasteners are removed, the mechanical tally, the crane-beams are at hand (control panel) plus hangar
          1. Observer2014
            Observer2014 1 December 2021 19: 09
            +1
            The observer will agree only under the conditions - the screens are removed, the fasteners are removed, the mechanical tally, the crane-beams are at hand (control panel) plus hangar
            No. In the field, naturally with SEM. wassat Seven and a penny minutes the whole process. And the protective screens are all in place. Google: YouTube "Replacing the engine in the tank in 7 minutes" from SamySamiy.
            1. The comment was deleted.
            2. Andrey R2R
              Andrey R2R 1 December 2021 19: 28
              0
              Looked Impressed
              1. Observer2014
                Observer2014 1 December 2021 19: 32
                0
                Looked Impressed
                And imagine me in a dispute with a major of the Bundeswehr tank "grenadier brigade" I was in shock. But I must pay tribute democratically said that not three days we have changed the engine on the tank. He shook his head in agreement.
                Mlyn, so how much does the T 72 engine change?
                1. The comment was deleted.
                  1. Urs
                    Urs 1 December 2021 20: 11
                    +5
                    Even faster on T64.
                    On the vehicle of the combat group, remove the BKP, deliver 35-40 minutes. Here a lot depends on the skill of the flyer to control the winch, usually I did it myself. The engine jumped out in 1.5 hours.
                    In the competition who will quickly remove the engine with the Germans, the main factor must be taken into account, we actually worked in the field and from mechanization we had three pairs of arms and an arrow crane based on ZIL131 with a kung.
                    And the Germans do not have this, in principle, they have no concept of field repair at all.
                    "Evacuation to the area of ​​repair work" and there are all the tools, mechanization and other joys of progress.
                    1. The comment was deleted.
                      1. Urs
                        Urs 2 December 2021 18: 23
                        +1
                        Andrey R2R
                        Not in real combat, I didn’t take off the tank, everything was in the field in the parking lot of training vehicles. But with the BTR70 on the move, the engines were changed, of course, if this can be called combat conditions. drinks the engines were loosened, behind the flyer spar on the streamer, Stop and the engine jumped out and jumped, then the second one. I don’t know how long it took, there was a pill of "wildness" wassat , but the replacement of two engines on the BTR70 is 30-35 km of run. yes
                        But this is DRA, there is no choice request
    3. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 1 December 2021 18: 41
      +1
      45 minutes for Leopard.
      As a tanker, I know this.
      But in 72k with gaskets, centering and you will suffer.
      I think that outdated chassis is not critical for engineering vehicles.
      1. Andrey R2R
        Andrey R2R 1 December 2021 18: 43
        +1
        Honored, thanks
      2. Urs
        Urs 1 December 2021 18: 53
        +3
        Gee and I had a secret weapon of Private Latypov lol
        As for me, I was the deputy of the company, so probably the best mechanic driver in the GSVG.
        So he picked up the gasket for the central support in 15 minutes yes yes
      3. Urs
        Urs 1 December 2021 20: 23
        +2
        But my question to you, dear, did you yourself take part in the dismantling of the MT block? Leopard
        And in T72, only the center support in height requires adjustment.
        The question is, how many bolts does the central support have?
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 1 December 2021 20: 40
          +1
          No. I didn’t accept it. He studied at KVTIU for two years. I managed to pass the theory well. I didn't have time with practice (production, repair and restoration). But, as you can see, something has been deposited in my memory.
          Moreover, we started to study the T-72 for a start, and then we were re-profiled for 64k.
          1. Urs
            Urs 2 December 2021 17: 44
            +2
            Wow, we're kind of classmates.
            KVTIu 81-86.
            Well, in two years it was possible to study only the local "brothels", especially the polytechnic hostel, and possible "evacuation waste" was the name given to holes and jumps in the fence. There is no way for a T72 car, a T64, all the more so. Because you don't know that there are 5 bolts there.
            But I managed to catch an experiment in Kubinka, where the MT monoblock was dismantled from Leo2. So, it's just impossible to remove it in our FIELD conditions, as we did on 172 and 164. We need a special workshop full of special tools, we need a tent for MTO I need a mechanized tool with effort control. In short, I can tell you this is finally not field repair in our concept.
            1. Andrey R2R
              Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 18: 26
              0
              Best regards to you
    4. AUL
      AUL 2 December 2021 00: 22
      -1
      Quote: Observer2014
      Interesting article. hi And by the way, do you know how much, according to the standards, the Germans have to change the engine on the Leopard tank? bully Wow

      A year and a half or two ago on VO in some article there was a video where the engine was changed to Leo-2 in real time using ARV. Probably, something was cut in the video, but it looks like the process took about 10 minutes.
      1. Urs
        Urs 2 December 2021 18: 02
        +3
        Of course, it was reduced, it was a review opus for advertising purposes. In reality, much more time. In 30 minutes you can remove only the MTO roof with radiators and fans, not prepared will remove it no faster than 1 hour., 15 minutes for each clutch of final drives. Draining the coolant, they have a pumping out, there will be 10 minutes.
        Disconnection of power supply and hydraulics systems. another plus and so on and everywhere special tools.
        In short, anyone in the subject and at least once removed the 164 engine will understand how much needs to be done to get what is in the photo, there are about 50 bolts alone.
      2. The comment was deleted.
        1. AUL
          AUL 2 December 2021 18: 35
          0
          Can you explain your idea in other words? So that the meaning is clear, and you don't have to guess what it means? And, by the way, on "you", as is customary on the VO website. hi
          1. Andrey R2R
            Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 18: 45
            -1
            Sorry, AUL is not for you, regards
          2. Andrey R2R
            Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 18: 47
            -1
            Really long
          3. Andrey R2R
            Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 18: 54
            -1
            On you - middle ages, sori
            1. AUL
              AUL 2 December 2021 18: 57
              0
              Quote: Andrey R2R
              On you - middle ages, sori

              Poking strangers, who, moreover, may be much older than you, would be a delusion. negative
              1. The comment was deleted.
              2. Andrey R2R
                Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 19: 07
                0
                I threw in a minus, good, how many are you? I'm 49, we'll talk?
                1. AUL
                  AUL 2 December 2021 19: 08
                  0
                  Quote: Andrey R2R
                  I'm 49,

                  73 plus.
                  1. Andrey R2R
                    Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 19: 16
                    0
                    cash if not against. THX
                    1. AUL
                      AUL 2 December 2021 19: 21
                      0
                      Quote: Andrey R2R
                      cash if not against. THX

                      I am not interested in maintaining a dialogue with you. I didn't find myself in the trash heap.
                2. Andrey R2R
                  Andrey R2R 2 December 2021 19: 09
                  0
                  A little, give aul, I remember you one and a half goals ago
        2. Urs
          Urs 2 December 2021 18: 37
          +2
          If this is me then I do not care.
          I saw the whole process with my own eyes, not in the video and other "according to the Bundes Major."
          At the Kubinka training ground, all this was checked and tested, with the aim of writing "instructions for improving the organization of the repair process for repair units."