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Pan-Turkism: from the Caucasus to the Aral Sea and the Urals

Pan-Turkism: from the Caucasus to the Aral Sea and the Urals

And they are all a little "Turkic"?

On November 12, a summit of the "Turkic Council" ("Council of Turkic-speaking States") was held in Istanbul without much fanfare. At the summit, it was announced that the formation of a customs and economic bloc consisting of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan was started.

This, of course, did not become a sensation - you will not surprise anyone with integration in any form. And few people even took into account that the bloc is being created within the framework of the Organization of Turkic-Speaking States (OTG). The newly created organization, and with the inclusion of the self-proclaimed (in 1974) "Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus".

From among the "outsiders", only Hungary was attached to the bloc in the status of an observer country. And in parallel with this, immediately after the Istanbul summit, Uzbekistan invited the new organization to create its representative office in the Aral Sea basin.

Formally, the idea in Tashkent was substantiated by the need to "accelerate the ecological rehabilitation of the region." But the ecology interest of Ankara and its new satellites in the Aral Sea region, as well as in the neighboring regions with the presence of a "Turkic" element, will hardly be limited ...

Silence of the first persons

It is significant that in Nursultan, Bishkek and Tashkent they do not bother with official explanations: how will their participation in pan-Turkist integration be combined with membership in the EAEU and the CSTO. The Russian side prefers, in view of geopolitical factors, not to "irritate" Turkey or its old partners with such questions.

Ankara is taking advantage of this by building up its political, military-technical and economic presence in the countries of the new "pro-Turkish" bloc. In the meantime, Uzbekistan is already calling for the formed "OTG" to the Aral Sea region: they say, this will certainly help the comprehensive rehabilitation of that region.

Note that there are already about ten regional and international organizations to "save" the Aral Sea and the socio-economic development of the Aral Sea regions. Considering the current policy of Turkey not only in the Transcaucasus, but also in Central Asia, where the Aral basin is in the very center, it is reasonable to assume that Tashkent's initiative was "prompted" by Ankara.

What does Tashkent offer?

And let the authors be accused of whipping up passions, the prospect of placing a Turkish or even NATO military facility in the region should hardly be ruled out. Ankara has been a NATO member since 1952, and despite all the contradictions and disputes, Turkish regional policy, like the project of the "pro-Turkish" interstate bloc, is clearly coordinated with the United States and NATO.

And what does Tashkent offer?

There is nothing criminal here, at least in appearance. We will list in order.

First, "the creation of a specialized ecological structure of the Organization of Turkic States in the Aral Sea region." It will give consistency to the joint work on environmental protection.

Sanzhar Valiev, deputy director of the Institute for Strategic and Interregional Studies under the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan, announced this to media representatives on November 15 in Tashkent. He explained:

“... The summit of the heads of the Turkic states in Istanbul, which took place on November 12, was full of the adoption of a number of defining documents of a strategic nature, such as the“ Turkic vision - 2040 ”. The initiative of the head of state to create a specialized structure of the newly created Organization of Turkic States for the Protection of the Environment, which would function in cooperation with the UN, deserves special attention. "

Secondly, the creation of the OTG-structure "in the Aral Sea region will draw additional attention to the problem of the Aral Sea - the main ecological catastrophe in the space of the Turkic world." S. Valiev recalled that the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev put forward a whole range of proposals on specific mechanisms for joint activities of the Turkic states aimed at developing trade, transport, digitalization, science and technology, as well as other key areas of cooperation.

And what does Ankara want?

Evaluating the initiatives of Tashkent, one cannot fail to take into account that large reserves of oil and especially gas were explored in the Aral Sea region back in the 1960s. But to date, not more than a third of these Aral resources have been developed in aggregate: almost exclusively in Karakalpakstan, autonomous from Tashkent.

Turkey, as you know, remains a net importer of oil and gas. Although it receives these types of raw materials at discounted prices from Azerbaijan (through pipelines through Georgia) - within the framework of the "Turkic" geography. However, oil and gas production in Azerbaijan, as oil and gas pumping from there to Turkey, was initially monopolized by US and UK companies.


That is why the prospect of owning the same raw material in the Aral Sea region is more attractive for Ankara. Moreover, by the beginning of the 2010s, Western and Turkish companies had developed, at the initiative of the Turkish government and business, a project of the Trans-Caspian pipeline, which provides for the supply of gas from Central Asia to Turkey and through Turkey.

In a word, not a single ecology ...

Forgotten letter

By the way, the expansion of Pan-Turkism in the USSR back in the 1940s - early 50s was foreseen by the then leader of Tajikistan, Bobodzhon Gafurov (1908–1977). B. Gafurov, doctor historical Sciences, led the Communist Party of Tajikistan in 1946-1956. From 1957 until his death, he was director of the Institute of Oriental Studies of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Fragments from his letter to the secretary of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) A.A. Zhdanov of June 14, 1947:

"... In the newspaper" Culture and Life "(Moscow) on April 20, p. The review of Professor Tolstov on the book of Professor A.A. Semenova "Material monuments of Iranian culture in Central Asia." Professor Tolstov, in his review, characterizes Professor Semyonov, who is the largest expert on the history and history of literature of the peoples of Central Asia, as a supporter of the racial theory.

... In all his works, prof. Tolstov emphasizes the superiority of Turkic elements and Turkic culture in the history of Central Asian peoples. In one conversation with me prof. Tolstov called Turkic even those cities where they speak exclusively Tajik. And the Department of Propaganda and Agitation of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, where people do not understand the history of Central Asia enough, willingly supports Tolstov and even, as you can see, published his review in the newspaper "Culture and Life".

You know better than me, of course, that now all the propaganda of the Pan-Turkists consists precisely in the fact that all Central Asian peoples are supposedly Turks. At the same time, the Pan-Turkists consider even Tajiks who do not speak the Turkic language to be Turks. Therefore, I believe that the installations of prof. Tolstov only help the Pan-Turkists.

... Ethnographers, anthropologists, archaeologists, linguists have proved that a significant part of the population of modern Uzbekistan are former Tajiks who later began to speak Turkic. But the statement of the purely Turkish origin of the Uzbeks and, moreover, of the Tajiks, is completely untrue.

It was the eastern Iranians who at one time became part of the peoples of Central Asia - Tajiks, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz. Why should we give up our past?

You yourself, obviously, remember the speech of Comrade Stalin in 1941 at the reception of participants in the decade of Tajik art in Moscow. Comrade Stalin then specially emphasized the Iranian origin of Tajiks and Tajik culture. I understand that this speech of Comrade Stalin is directed against the Pan-Turkists. "

The Iranian past of the peoples of Central Asia applies equally not only to Tajiks, but also to Uzbeks, Turkmens and other peoples of our region. Any statement of a purely Turkish origin of the peoples of Central Asia only helps our enemies, and this is awaited by the Pan-Turkists, who are now the most dangerous enemies of the Soviet Union in the East ”(see RGASPI, fund 17, op. 125, document 552).

This forgotten letter from B. Gafurov, approved by Stalin, became the basis for the formation of a textbook for universities "History of the USSR" in two volumes, published by Moscow State University. Lomonosov in 1948-1950. However, in 1957-1958. this textbook was replaced by a new two-volume book with a completely new ideological content.

On its pages, the pan-Turkic concept of the origin and formation of the culture of all the peoples of Central Asia prevailed. Which fit perfectly into Khrushchev's, and also into Moscow's further policy of developing cooperation with Turkey (see. Khrushchev, Constantinople and the Straits).
21 comment

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  1. NDR-791
    NDR-791 3 December 2021 11: 08
    So you say that you want oil and gas, otherwise the Aral Sea has been dragged along with ecology again.
    1. knn54
      knn54 3 December 2021 14: 12
      After the collapse of the USSR, Pan-Turkism received a second wind.
  2. Grandfather Mozai
    Grandfather Mozai 3 December 2021 11: 26
    It was already, the topic is as old as the world
  3. Grandfather
    Grandfather 3 December 2021 11: 34
    "brave new world ..." there is no light ...
  4. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 3 December 2021 11: 44
    The Russian side prefers, in view of geopolitical factors, not to “irritate” Turkey or its old partners with such questions.
    Once such a policy, Russia, will come out sideways.
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 3 December 2021 11: 55

    Pan-Turkism: from the Caucasus to the Aral Sea and the Urals
    ... Different experts assess the topic differently.
    Who, what to believe?
    By the way, in Turkey, who is the main carrier, the pusher of this idea?
    If this is the idea of ​​only one political figure, after she leaves, what will happen to the idea? If it is in general, state policy, independent of specific political figures, everything becomes ... more complicated and dangerous.
    1. NDR-791
      NDR-791 3 December 2021 12: 06
      You are absolutely correct in posing the question. In the usual case, this is the idea of ​​one figure and such a policy divides Turkey in half. Namely, he is leaving the precepts of Ataturk, which many people in Turkey are not happy with. On the other hand, energy sources come into play and you can't just brush it off. And as you know, loot wins not only evil, but often the mind.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 3 December 2021 12: 29
        Any big game has several visible edges, and how many not yet visible, wine is not always visible from the side. It is necessary to plunge into the topic deeply.
        I really want to believe that we have or will appear an office that will dig deeply and report the results of its research to decision-making centers.
        It is very necessary not to be then in a situation of catching up, and even "firefighters" where it is important for our side.
  6. Fisherman
    Fisherman 3 December 2021 12: 09
    Erdogan is trying to register a new "union" in the UN not with a bird, but with a carcass. His goal is to get into the UN Security Council as the coordinator of a large "fire-hazardous" (which itself sets fire to) formation, which the type will have to reckon with. That is why he demanded a "reform" of the UN Security Council. He is silent about the fact that Russia is the largest Turkic-speaking empire.
    1. Doctor
      Doctor 3 December 2021 12: 29
      He is silent about the fact that Russia is the largest Turkic-speaking empire.

      He is not silent. He perceives the Turkic-speaking peoples within Russia as an alien entity. And they themselves, hike, too. winked

      It seems that the American idea of ​​a "melting pot of nations" is failing around the world.
  7. askort154
    askort154 3 December 2021 12: 15
    Ankara has been a NATO member since 1952, and despite all the contradictions and disputes, Turkish regional policy, like the project of the "pro-Turkish" interstate bloc, is clearly coordinated with the United States and NATO.

    The Anglo-Saxons, using the Sultan's ambitions of Erdogan, carry out their strategic task of weakening Russia along its entire perimeter. This strategy was developed under Reagan, called the "anaconda loop," and it is being implemented with precision. In the West, all the countries of the former Warsaw Pact became NATO members. The southern direction remained, where the main role was assigned to Turkey - to unite and lead
    Turkic-speaking states. "Anaconda" - crawled from the West to Transcaucasia and Central Asia. Azeybarjan has already "fraternized"
    with Turkey, now all listed in the article are next in line.
    And it seems that the CSTO is no longer an obstacle to this, the Muslim religion is stronger, which is what the Anglo-Saxons are counting on, using it as a "soft power" against Russia, including against China.
    1. Yuri Stepanov
      Yuri Stepanov 3 December 2021 12: 33
      Our "leadership", which stores the loot abroad, by the way in NATO countries, will do everything by itself. And "Anaconda" is not needed. Erdogan is not going to sit on Vova's gas pipe. It is easier for him to come to an agreement with Central Asia, and what language they speak, Turkic or Chinese, has no role, the main thing is they are more accommodating and they tacitly agree that Erdogan is the boss, because the main thing is to pay $. The West won't even fight with us, that's all it will make noise. And "our leaders" will use it for further enrichment, they will try to distribute counter-claims to everyone in a row, maybe even such a superpower as Monaco or Sardinia, then they will begin to cut the territory ... then they will assimilate those who remain ... and all La finale.
      1. Andrey Moskvin
        Andrey Moskvin 7 December 2021 07: 09
        What other contributions? Or did you mean preferences?
        1. Yuri Stepanov
          Yuri Stepanov 12 December 2021 13: 25
          I think not, preferences from a defeated enemy are unlikely, they themselves will take everything they need. In general, pay attention to the fact that Erdogan is the only one to whom Vova will not reread, despite his antics. You need gas for a pittance - get it, take the nuclear power plant, c400 for almost nothing, the ambassador was killed, the plane was shot down ... and the bullshit .... they'll forget the buzz. If we can and send to the West, they indicated to Japan that let them ... forget about the islands for now, then we cannot say anything to this padishah, even if we want to. When Vova saved him from a coup, he probably thought that he was in his pocket. However, to hell with you. Therefore, Erdogan will be the battering ram that will break what is left of the Russian Federation. Moreover, all our oligarchs dream of their own principality. For them, ln is ideal. And they are tired of Vova. So there will be no preferences, even if this is the lot of the lost. We will pay indemnities as if we accepted complete surrender. We will be broken both from the outside and from the inside. In civilian life, this did not work, the people who were at the helm did not have relatives and junk over the hill, now everything is exactly the opposite. I think this year will start like this at 30m.
  8. Hypertension
    Hypertension 3 December 2021 13: 52
    Pan-Turkism: from the Caucasus to the Aral Sea and the Urals

  9. Fisherman
    Fisherman 3 December 2021 14: 51
    Quote: Arzt
    He is silent about the fact that Russia is the largest Turkic-speaking empire.

    He is not silent. He perceives the Turkic-speaking peoples within Russia as an alien entity. And they themselves, hike, too. winked

    It seems that the American idea of ​​a "melting pot of nations" is failing around the world.

    All are "independent" until you put them on rigid self-sufficiency. Remove the entire military-industrial complex and Rostech from Tatarstan and ... will they feed themselves with heavy oil? Few people need it now in that region.
    And the Russian Empire never organized a melting pot at home.
  10. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 3 December 2021 16: 49
    Any statement of a purely Turkish origin of the peoples of Central Asia only helps our enemies, and this is what pan-Turkists are waiting for.

    Well, probably not of Turkish origin, but rather the opposite of Turkic origin from Asia. As recently noted by the President of the Russian Federation wink about the origin of all Türks from the borders of the Altai territory.
    You are welcome to Erdogan and others, we will teach the Motherland to love ... yes
  11. Alexander Ra
    Alexander Ra 3 December 2021 17: 40
    Turkey is an expansion. West, NATO - expansion. China is an expansion. Russia, Russians - convolution.
  12. Azis
    Azis 3 December 2021 19: 11
    Isn't it time to admit that all these CIS, SCO, EAEU, BRICS, CSTO, etc. have no future? All these "paper" unions and organizations no longer make sense - Russia, unfortunately, is not a center of gravity, but at least a regiment of officials in irresponsible positions gobble up their salaries. And take and "bang your fist on the table", as at a meeting on the coal industry! If you want preferences in relations with Russia - do not look around, but follow the trail!
  13. Tneburashka
    Tneburashka 3 December 2021 20: 31
    The main thing is that a new Tamerlane does not appear in this kishl
  14. Mustached Kok
    Mustached Kok 4 December 2021 15: 12
    The irony is that the restoration of the Aral Sea will indeed lead to an economic boom in the countries bordering on it. But who will definitely not benefit from this - those countries that talk about the restoration of the sea as an excuse to pressure their economic interests. Neither Russia, nor Turkey, let alone Europe or America, will begin a real restoration of the sea if it does not bring them direct financial benefits.