"Schnellbots". Elusive and dangerous

In a new article from the creators of World of Warships, read about stories creation of German torpedo boats, which were among the best in their class and were exported to other countries.

The First World War forced Germany to create a new class of warships for itself - torpedo boats. The reason for this was the British fleet, which actively operated against the flank of the German army, located near the sea in Belgium. According to the ideas of the command, it was high-speed boats armed with torpedoes that could successfully withstand the fleet Englishmen in such conditions.

"Schnellbots". Elusive and dangerous

Shipyard "Friedrich Lursen"

The first prototype was built by the Friedrich Lürsen shipyard in Vegesak on April 1, 1917. It had an 11-meter wooden hull, one 350-mm torpedo tube in the bow and two carburetor engines from the airship, which allowed it to develop up to 34 knots of speed. It is noteworthy that the boat could crash into its own torpedo if it fired a shot at a speed of more than 24 knots: the torpedo simply did not have time to pick up speed. All this became clear during the tests, which revealed a number of shortcomings. Despite these results, an order was issued for the construction of a series of six boats.

The serial samples with a displacement of 6 to 7,5 tons had the same wooden hulls with round bilge contours, the length of which (hulls) varied from 14 to 17 meters. Three six-cylinder carburetor engines "Maybach" with a capacity of 240 hp. allowed a speed of up to 30 knots with a sea state of 3 points. The armament included a 450 mm torpedo tube and a rifle caliber machine gun. Each boat was serviced by seven crew members. At the end of the war, the Kaiser's fleet consisted of twenty-one torpedo boats.

The size of the German fleet, including the destroyer, was regulated by the Treaty of Versailles, which ordered the fleet to have 12 destroyers and 12 destroyers with a displacement of no more than 800 and 200 tons, respectively. It was with such ships that Germany entered the First World War, while in the fleets of other countries, ships of the same type were twice as large.

They did not put up with such a state of affairs, and at the end of the post-war political crisis, a search began for solutions that would increase the capabilities of the fleet. The Entente did not prescribe the development of small warships — miners and torpedo boats, since the coastal fleet was part of Germany's defensive naval doctrine.

The tests carried out in the Baltic in the summer of 1927 resulted in the main technical requirements developed by the Mine Torpedo Inspectorate. Namely: the bow arrangement of the two tubes of the torpedo tubes, the 40-knot speed and the low silhouette.

German torpedo boat "Schnellbot" type S-18

In four years, from 1925 to 1929, several experimental models were created. The shipyard "Abbeking und Rasmussen" built the glider Narwal, "Trayag" - K. Both boats with a reduced hull design and 340-mm torpedo tubes in the bow at the first and at the stern at the second. The Friedrich Lürsen shipyard presented the Luer, a modified LM bot.
These models had wooden hulls and Maybach gasoline engines. The red boats did not cope well with the roughness of the sea - at 3 points, the boat began to lose speed due to impacts on the waves. Therefore, the reddened design was abandoned in favor of a rounded bottom. Nevertheless, the boats entered service in 1930 under the numbers UZ (S) -11 (this boat was of an unreported design), UZ (S) -12 and UZ (S) -18.

Towards the end of 1928, naval specialists turned their attention to a motor yacht with a displacement of 22,5 tons Ohek II, built by the Friedrich Lursen shipyard for the American tycoon. The vessel had a hull made of light metal alloys with wood plating and had round bilge lines in the front, which turned into a flat bottom. The speed of 34 knots was achieved by three Maybach gasoline engines, each with 550 hp. It was this yacht that became the prototype for the Schnellboot torpedo boats.

Yacht Oheka II, taken as the basis for the "Schnellbots"

In November 1929, Friedrich Lürsen received an order for the first combat boat. The displacement of the yacht taken as the basis for the project increased to 51 tons. Three Daimler-Benz 900 hp gasoline engines were installed, and for an economical Maybach run of 100 hp. Sea trials have shown the ability to reach 34 knots of speed. The new boat was armed with two 533 mm torpedo tubes and an anti-aircraft machine gun, which was soon replaced by a 20 mm automatic cannon. After entering service, the boat changed its designation three times with an interval of a year, the latter being S-1 (where S stood for Schnellboot, in translation - speedboat).

A year later, S-2-S-5 were ordered, which were similar in characteristics. The increase in the number of "horses" to 3300 did not, however, give an increase in speed. In addition, the bow of the boat at high speed came out of the water, the sides were washed out, and there was a strong splash resistance. The desired speed of 36,5 knots was obtained using the "Lursen effect", which was achieved by installing small additional rudders in the water streams moving from the extreme propellers. Thus, the increase was up to 2 knots, and the auxiliary rudders became an integral part of the design until the end of the war.

By the beginning of World War II, Germany ranked third in the world in the export of torpedo boats. From 1937 to 1939, the shipyards built 13 boats for the fleets of other countries. Two boats with diesel engines went to Bulgaria, three were created for China and eight more for Yugoslavia (the Chinese and Yugoslavian engines were gasoline). In addition, Holland bought a license to build eight boats. The armament differed only in the "Yugoslav" version - a 40-mm Bofors assault rifle, a 15-mm machine gun and 550 mm torpedo tubes for French torpedoes.

Early "Schnellbots"

At the same time, the final requirements for this class were formed: the cruising range was to be 530 miles at full speed, a maximum speed of 40 knots and a low silhouette. The boats in service met the requirements for weapons, cruising range and seaworthiness, but questions remained in terms of maneuverability and speed.

Subsequent models S-18 and S-19 (a series of two boats were ordered in 1936) were fitted with Daimler-Benz engines, which outperformed MAN engines in terms of reliability. A new MV-501 engine with a capacity of 2000 hp was developed. The ships, which entered the fleet in July and October 1938, fully met all the requirements and went into mass production.

The German mosquito fleet deployed very slowly. Due to the low production rates of the MB-501 engines, only 12 boats of two different types were ordered in the last year before the war.

"Schnellbots", which were supposed to fight on the enemy's coastal communications, were under the jurisdiction of the headquarters of the naval groups, which included the TKA flotilla. The main task was to deliver strikes in the dark at the superior enemy forces. Since night operations are based on surprise, speed was not a priority.

German designers were able to create excellent warships in the form of "Schnellbots". The refusal in TKA projects from the requirement to achieve high speed made it possible to equip boats with diesel engines, as a result of which the threat of accidental fires has sharply decreased. Resistance to combat damage was achieved due to the large displacement. The boats were tenacious - they could withstand the hit of several 100-mm shells, the sliding ram of the destroyer and even a mine explosion. An example of this is the story of the S-105, which on March 15, 1942 came to the base on its own, having received about 80 holes from bullets, shrapnel and small-caliber shells.

"Schnellbot" at sea

The hull design was also very reliable: a forecastle with built-in torpedo tubes improved seaworthiness, which made it possible to use torpedoes in waves of up to 4-5 points.

Germany's torpedo boats were among the best in their class. And therefore, according to the British historian Peter Smith, "by the end of the war, they remained the only force that did not submit to British dominance at sea."

And at the beginning of World War II, the main threat to the British was the German submarines lurking in the Atlantic. Watch a documentary from Wargaming about the combat path of the U-995 submarine. Today it is permanently docked as a museum ship in Labeu.

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  1. +11
    November 23, 2021
    At the end of the war, the Kaiser's fleet consisted of twenty-one torpedo boats.
    True, then he did not really take part in the hostilities - the only more or less known combat episode with their participation - on the night of August 22-23, 1918, the LM-8,9,10,15,16,17,18 boats took part in the attack Allied ships stationed in Dunkirk. Despite the fierce battle, the abundance of damage on the boats, neither side suffered losses. The Second World War unfolded.
    Two boats with diesel engines set off for Bulgaria
    Boat F-3. Launched on August 17, 1939. Transferred to Bulgaria and enlisted in the Danube Flotilla in July 1941
    1. +13
      November 23, 2021
      The Germans were the first in the world to create for their torpedo boats a floating base of the special construction "Tsingtau", which could fully meet the needs of the snellboat flotilla, including the headquarters and service personnel.
      "A brood hen with chickens" - a floating base of the Qingdao torpedo boats and her wards from the 1st flotilla of snellbots
      When England and France declared war on Germany on September 3, 1939, the German fleet had only 18 boats at the beginning of the war, and at the beginning of the war, all boats were merged into two flotillas - 1st and 2nd, commanded by Lieutenant Commander Kurt Sturm and Lieutenant Commander Rudolph Petersen. Organizationally, the Schnellboots were subordinate to the Führer der Torpedoboote, Rear Admiral Gunter Lutyens, and the operational management of the flotillas in the theater of operations was carried out by the command of the naval groups West (North Sea) and Ost (Baltic). Under the leadership of Lutyens, the 1st Flotilla took part in the campaign against Poland, blocking the Danzig Bay for three days, and on September 3 it opened a battle score - the S-23 boat of Lieutenant Christiansen sank a Polish pilot ship with 20-mm machine gun fire. a paradoxical situation arose - the command of the fleet did not see adequate use of the torpedo boats at its disposal. The fact that the original concept of boats was forgotten and they began to be perceived as some kind of multipurpose ships is well characterized by the report of the operational department of the West group of November 3, 1939, in which the technical characteristics and combat qualities of the torpedo boats were subjected to pejorative criticism - it was noted that they "did not live up to expectations in all respects." The highest operational authority of the Kriegsmarine SKL (Stabes der Seekriegsleitung - Headquarters for the leadership of the war at sea) agreed and wrote in his journal that "these findings are very regrettable and most disappointing in light of the hopes that have emerged from recent calculations ..."
      1. +13
        November 23, 2021
        Everything changed literally in one day. On April 24, 1940, SKL dispatched the 2nd Flotilla for mine protection and convoy operations in the North Sea as Allied light forces suddenly began raiding the Skagerrak area. HMS Kandahar) and "Bulldog" (HMS Bulldog) went to connect with "Birmingham" at a speed of 28 knots of the slowest "Bulldog". At 20:52 GMT, the British fired at the Do 18, which was hanging above them, but it had already brought the Schnellboats into an ideal ambush position. At 22:44, the signalmen of the flagship "Kelly" noticed some shadows about 600 meters ahead on the port side, but it was already too late. An S-31 salvo from Chief Lieutenant Hermann Opdenhoff was accurate: a torpedo hit the Kelly in the boiler room. The explosion tore out 15 square meters of cladding,
        and the position of the ship immediately became critical.
        The Germans disappeared into the night, and the British commander Lord Louis Mountbatten did not even immediately understand what it was, and ordered the Bulldog to launch a counterattack with depth charges. The Germans won - four boats disrupted a major enemy operation. The Germans considered the Kelly sunk, and SKL noted with satisfaction in its combat log "the first glorious success of our Schnellboats." On May 11, Opdenhoff received the 1st Class Iron Cross, and on May 16 became the tenth in the Kriegsmarine and the first among the katerniks to receive the Knight's Cross. to the starting positions for the attack. Operation Gelb began, which would open the way for German torpedo boats to their true mission - to torment the enemy's coastal communications.
        1. +10
          November 23, 2021
          Well then, the prototype "in the studio" in the appendage of the photo to the article.

          1. +11
            November 23, 2021
            They started with LM boats of the first series.
            Then the second and third episodes went on, then in the end, in the process of evolution to war, these handsome men with elegant and at the same time swift and predatory contours were obtained. I especially like them in light colors.
            Schnellboats of the 2nd flotilla in Stavanger, Norway
            1. +9
              November 23, 2021
              Quote: Crowe
              They started with LM boats of the first series.

              Then it seems like everyone started like that. They took something successful or similar as a basis and set off. The same Tupolev with TK-1 and his followers Sh-4, G-5 took the design of a seaplane float as a basis. The time of creation is also 1927. True, we had problems with the engines (and now they have not gone anywhere wassat ). The dimensions were smaller, the range was slightly smaller, but the speed was higher.

              1. +11
                November 23, 2021
                And also the armament, torpedo stock, torpedo launch distance, torpedo launch method, crew living conditions, survivability were also weaker. TK type G in comparison with schnelbots were poor g.
                1. +4
                  November 24, 2021
                  Quote: Stas1973
                  TK type G in comparison with schnelbots were poor g.

                  And what did you want from a country that five years ago withdrew from an eight-year war and with which no one wants to have business?
                  1. +3
                    November 24, 2021
                    Germany, too, seems to have had time to fight and survive the total plunder of the country. This is the first thing. Secondly, I would like to remind you of Soviet-German cooperation in military-technical cooperation. For some reason, type C submarines were able to design with Hans, but they could not. Weird.
                    1. 0
                      November 24, 2021
                      Quote: Stas1973
                      For some reason, type C submarines were able to design with Hans, but they could not. Weird.

                      So it was later, as much as 36m. There, cooperation was already flourishing. And on tanks and planes. And in the 20s it was just beginning.
                      1. +1
                        November 24, 2021
                        "Wild color" just in the 20s. It all ended in the 33rd. It started again in the 39th.
            2. +15
              November 23, 2021
              Hi friend! hi
              The pictures show the details on the deck and I decided to add them to your photos. smile

              For some horseradish they smeared the swastika on the flag, politicians toil with foolishness.
              1. +12
                November 23, 2021
                Greetings! Yes, they just forgot to inform some of them that
                The State Duma deputies in the third reading amended articles 6 of the Federal Law "On the perpetuation of the Victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945" and 1 Federal Law "On countering extremist activities." Now Nazi symbols can be present in works of art, literature and science, as well as in media reports, provided there are no signs of its propaganda or justification.
                "Such a demonstration is possible only on condition that it is not its propaganda or does not contain justification for the crimes of Nazi Germany," the text of the law says. In early December 2019, Putin signed a separate law on Nazi symbols, clarifying these documents and allowing them to be used if there are no signs of propaganda of this ideology.
                In mid-February, the State Duma passed a law abolishing fines for displaying Nazi symbols without propaganda and justification of Nazi ideology.

                So, and these beggars are probably still sitting in some kind of basement with cheese and from the films of the film "17 Moments of Spring", the crosses are scraped off with a needle.
                1. +8
                  November 23, 2021
                  until now ........ crosses are scraped off with a needle.

                  From diligent people, there is always trouble for those around them, only give them freedom and a document, they will put their mother in a slammer.
                  1. +5
                    November 24, 2021
                    This has always caused bewilderment ... It seems that this Federal Law "On Countering Extremist Activities" is the State Duma's signature on the failure of patriotic education. What is difficult in explaining to the child the difference between the identification marks on the uniform and technique of the ENEMY (you need to know the enemy by sight), and drawing these signs ... May my child not draw a swastika anywhere except on a burning enemy technique.
                    But this smearing-scratching out ... Are there latent Nazis or what? Afraid to show your gut?
                    For a NORMAL person, the image of the Hitlerite swastika cannot evoke any positive emotions. Well, for those who are not so, that has no place on earth.
              2. +1
                December 4 2021
                I used the same photos as references when I did a test when I entered the studio, to work on the War Thunder fleet)))) It reminded me of those times. Oddly enough, I didn't like the Schnellbot model. Then he made a 3D model of the G-5 according to his vision - he was immediately hired))) And for 2,5 years he "sawed" ships for the game winked

  2. +7
    November 23, 2021
    The size of the German fleet, including the destroyer, was regulated by the Treaty of Versailles, which ordered the fleet to have 12 destroyers and 12 destroyers with a displacement of no more than 800 and 200 tons, respectively. It was with such ships that Germany entered the First World War, while in the fleets of other countries, ships of the same type were twice as large.

    The Treaty of Versailles was signed following the results of the First World War in 1919.
    1. +4
      November 23, 2021
      I also drew attention to this gross error, and did not read further.
      Such are the historians at this time.
  3. +7
    November 23, 2021
    It is unclear whether the bottom of the snail boats was aerated. In those days, this was often practiced on speedboats. And the compressor would not interfere with the engines to pump air into them, especially since the water around and the compressed air can be cooled well with it.
    1. +9
      November 23, 2021
      there were such projects.

      Kleinstschnellboot Project:
      The project of a small high-speed attack boat, called "Typboot 3". None of them were built. Known technical characteristics: dimensions 14,2 mx 3,0 mx 1,2 m, armed with no more than five 2 cm automatic cannons and one 1,3 cm anti-aircraft machine gun, four 86 mm rocket launchers and two 45,7 cm torpedo tubes, or in the version with ten depth charges.
      Tragflügelboot project:
      A project of a small attack hydrofoil boat, it was based on the previous design, but with wings. Called Typboot 4, this design is the result of earlier research aimed at getting in and out of goals faster. In addition to the wings, the power has been increased by 400 hp. for an additional 8 knots, so the top speed is around 55-56 knots. However, at that time, Germany did not have any experience of operating hydrofoils. In terms of characteristics, it was about the same as that of the Type 3, but on the rise it rose 3 meters above the wave. The armament was reduced to four 20-centimeter automatic cannons in the bow and five rocket-propelled grenade launchers. Nothing built.
      Submarine Tragflügelboot Projekt:
      It was a small underwater attack hydrofoil boat capable of a maximum speed of 55 knots when surfacing to attack, but also equipped with a snorkel and a periscope.
      1. +6
        November 23, 2021
        Well, the fact that the technical courage of the Germans also had a limit is good news.
        Otherwise, they would have built fast submarines with hydrofoils.
        And such boats would be no less difficult enemy in the defense of Atlantic convoys than the classic ones - they are smaller, cheaper and faster. And depth charges are useless against them, since they can get away like boats from slower ships and hide from an aircraft like a submarine.
  4. +8
    November 23, 2021
    And this is all that you could write about the snail boats?
    Comments under the article carry more information.

    In total, according to the latest research, Soviet torpedo boats in 1942 actually sunk only 2 of the attacked targets: the Italian midget submarine "СB-5" and the German seagoing self-propelled barge "F-334".

    For these minor successes, the Black Sea Fleet boatmen had to pay a large price - at least 14 torpedo boats were lost (TKA-91, TKA-111, TKA-44, U-5, TKA-61, TKA-73, TKA-83, TKA-33, TKA-112, TKA-75, TKA-155, TKA-152, TKA-44 (second with the same number!), "TKA-135", "TKA-74").

    Compared to Soviet boats, German and Italian torpedo boats achieved much more tangible success in 1942, sinking the transports "Bialystok", "Sevastopol", "Yan Tomp", the submarine "Shch-214", sea hunters "MO-0112" and "MO-0124", the tug "Proletary", the minesweeper boat, the harbor boat "ZIS", as well as several other small ships and boats.

    At the same time, the Italians lost two boats ("MAS-571" and "MAS-572"), and the Germans only one boat ("S-27" from their own torpedo). Well, luck in 1942 was on the enemy's side.

    Here are some details of the operation of torpedo boats in the World Cup.
    German snell boats attacked not only transports and destroyers, but also cruisers and leaders of the Emines - the same "Tashkent".
    1. +10
      November 23, 2021
      Hello! Yes, it's just the same section "video", not "history" .. Here, just a video is offered for viewing, and in the comments we can write something interesting on the topic!
      “The Barbarossa plan was already feverishly preparing. But before turning to the east, the Germans dealt another powerful blow to the British. The winter of 1940-1941 was not favorable for Byutov's flotillas.

      British convoy in the canal under attack, July 1940
      the weather and ice conditions at the bases did not allow regular operations, and the increased resistance of the British fleet came as an unpleasant surprise for the Germans. Their own experiments in guiding boats to convoys using coastal radars were not crowned with success, but the British destroyers and patrol ships, using the data of their guidance stations and radio interception, increasingly prevented the Schnellbots from entering the convoy waiting area.
      The Germans demonstrated the increased strength of the snellbots on February 25, 1941, when six boats of the 17st flotilla and a couple of the 1nd flotilla came out to intercept the FN-2 convoy from Rotterdam. East of Lowestoft, the Schnellbots drifted and began to await a victim coming from the south. To prevent a collision in poor visibility conditions, the ships of the convoy often gave beeps, which alerted the Germans that the enemy was nearby. According to the recollections of the crew members of the snellbots, at the waiting positions they really turned into "hounds", and they recognized the approach of the convoy, among other things, by the sharp smell of coal burnt in the steamboat furnaces, which was brought by the wind. It was an unmistakable sign that prey was near.
      1. +7
        November 23, 2021
        Soon, the acoustics of the British escort ships heard the powerful noise of 24 propellers rushing into the attack of the schnellbots and raised the alarm. This did not save the destroyer HMS Exmoor, which at 21:56 received a torpedo in the stern from the S-33 boat of Chief Lieutenant Claus Feldt and after the explosion of the fuel tanks found herself in a hopeless position. The Exmoor capsized and sank in a matter of minutes, taking with it the commander and 103 crew members. The ship was the first loss among the HMS Hunt-class destroyers, but with her death, she warned the convoy, which abruptly changed course and avoided other losses.
        In early March, an event occurred that led the British to the worst defeat of coastal convoys in the war. Byutov and the headquarters of the 2nd Air Corps agreed on the procedure for guiding the schnellbots to the target with the corps reconnaissance aircraft.
        Residents of the southeast coast of England have long been accustomed to the daily flights of the German scout and gave him the good-natured nickname "Flamborough Freddie", but now, after finding the convoy, he did not continue flying along the route, but remained directly over the target, constantly transmitting its radio direction finding and coordinates. At the headquarters of the air corps, the transmitted data was converted into a grid of coordinates for the Kriegsmarine and reported to the attacking group of boats. As the boats approached the convoy, the scout dropped lighting bombs and colored rockets, making it easier for the boats to aim at the target.
        On the afternoon of March 7, 1941, a scout spotted a 429-ship convoy FS-46 sailing along the east coast to the south at the Thames estuary. German bombers were the first to arrive in the area, sinking one of the coal miners. Then an unprecedentedly large consolidated group of all three fleets - 16 boats - went out to sea for the first time. The massive blow, which Byutov had long dreamed of, came true. He was not stopped even by the rapid deterioration of the weather, which ultimately played into the hands of the Germans: British reconnaissance aircraft suspended flights, patrol boats also retreated to their bases.
        1. +7
          November 23, 2021
          The Schnellbots were able to withstand the slight roughness, and the high moon, at times hiding behind the clouds, created the ideal conditions for an attack. Coming out to the line of British defensive minefields, the Germans divided according to a premeditated plan. The four boats of the 2nd Flotilla remained behind the line of obstacles in case of patrol ships, and the 1st and 3rd flotillas entered the inland navigation channel, where they suddenly turned right in the path of another convoy FN-426, heading north.
          By an unfortunate coincidence for the British, the two convoys met at the point chosen by the Germans for an ambush, and formed a cluster of nearly 70 ships. The carnage became inevitable. Von Mirbach was the first to succeed in an S-29, torpedoing the Dotterell, 1385 brt. From the explosion, the ship, which had lost its course, began to slowly sink. The corvette HMS Sheldrake came to the rescue, aiding the survivors and boarding a rescue party led by Dotterell's chief officer William Nash and first corvette officer Lieutenant Commander Cecil Checcucci. The explosion of the second torpedo killed all but two of the Dotterell sailors.
          The boat S-27 of Ober-Lieutenant Büchting (Herbert Büchting) blew up the steamer "Rye" (Rye, 1049 brt).
          The steamer survived the attack on CW-8, but this time sank to the bottom along with the entire crew and gunners. Bernd Klug in an S-28 for an hour hunted the large coal miner "Kordaff" (Corduff, 2345 brt), after which he nevertheless stuck a torpedo into his side. Picking up two wounded sailors, Klug triumphantly broadcast on the radio: “I'm in Germany! Pros, and good luck to everyone! "
          Chief Lieutenant Christiansen in S-101 sank the coaster Norman Queen (957 brt).
          The Germans lifted his captain aboard, and the entire crew was killed. The largest loot went to the newcomer of the 3rd Flotilla, S-61 commander Ober-Lieutenant Axel von Gernet, who sank the steamer Boulderpool (4805 brt). At the same time, Chief Lieutenant Meyer (Hans-Jürgen Meyer) on S-31 at 22:10 sank the "Kenton" (1047 brt) - the ship sank together with four crew members within a minute.
          1. +9
            November 23, 2021
            By this time, the "southern" FS 429 approached the scene of the battle. The destroyers of the escort "Whitshed" (HMS Whitshed) and "Worcester" (HMS Worcester) recklessly rushed after their S-26 searchlights, letting the experienced Werner Töniges go to the convoy on S -102, which shot with two torpedoes
            loaded with coal "Togston" (Togston, 1547 brt). While the boats of the 1st and 3rd flotillas smashed the convoys, the boats of the 2nd flotilla that remained behind the "barrier" successfully completed their task, tying up the Sheldrake and Puffin corvettes (HMS Puffin) in battle. Having shot all the torpedoes, the triumphant Germans returned to their bases without loss.
            The total result of this knockdown of the British coastal shipping system was seven ships with a tonnage of 13 grt, 133 dead and three seamen captured. This was the largest success of the German torpedo boats in the war, after which the southeastern coast of England acquired the gloomy nickname "Schnellbot Alley". The British were forced to respond by transferring additional destroyers and torpedo boats to the east coast. Now, when trying to break through to the convoy of the Germans, almost always a difficult battle awaited with increased vigilance security, which took into account previous mistakes.
            1. +10
              November 23, 2021
              Qualification badge "Torpedo boat crew member". The original title of the award in German; Schnellboot-Kriegsabzeichen. Manufactured by Adolf Schwerdt, Stuttgart ("Adolf Schwerdt, Stuttgart"; Hau Württemberg-Hohenzollern).
              The badge qualification "Torpedo boat crew member" was established on May 30, 1941 by the commander-in-chief of the Kriegsmarine (Kriegsmarine - Navy), Gross Admiral Erich Raeder (from 1935 to January 30, 1943), on September 28, 1943, the new commander-in-chief of the German Navy, Grand Admiral Karl Doenitz (from September 31, 1943 to January 31, 1943) established a new type of insignia somewhat different from the previous type (the main difference between type 2 and type 1 is the protruding nose of a torpedo boat behind an oak wreath). The 1st and 2nd types were developed by the Berlin artist, sculptor and designer Otto Placzek (1884-1968) .From November 13, 1942, a special version of the qualification badge was established for especially distinguished officers (commanders of torpedo boats and their formations), decorated with diamonds. This award was received for the period 1942-1944. eight officers.
              The badge was awarded to officers, non-commissioned officers and sailors of the Kriegsmarine torpedo boat formations for qualification distinction in battles.
      2. +6
        November 23, 2021
        But before turning east, the Germans dealt another powerful blow to the British.

        ,,, they have been on their nerves since the evacuation of troops from Dunkirk.
        example: HMS Wakeful (H88) sunk May 29, 1940 E-Boat S-30, 2 evacuees + 25 crew members out of 640 rescued. ,, Yes, there was a lot of things.
  5. +5
    November 23, 2021
    For these minor successes, the Black Sea Fleet boats had to pay a heavy price - at least 14 torpedo boats were lost.

    The main task of the Black Sea Fleet in this war was the assistance of the ground forces, and not the attack of the enemy fleet. The price they paid mainly for it. In addition, one must understand the difference several times between Soviet boats of 10-12 tons and German C-boats of 50-60 tons. Including the price.
    1. +5
      November 23, 2021
      How does assistance to the coastal flank of the NE prevent the destruction of enemy ships, vessels and floating craft?
  6. +6
    November 23, 2021
    Quote: Stas1973
    And also the armament, torpedo stock, torpedo launch distance, torpedo launch method, crew living conditions, survivability were also weaker. TK type G in comparison with snellbots were poor g

    TK G-5 had a different combat purpose. These were boats for the protection of naval bases, designed for a swift, rapid attack and a quick withdrawal, for this they had a speed of up to 100 km / h, they not only did not have a cabin, they did not even have a latrine. They simply should not have allowed enemy ships to approach the port shelling distance. And you don't need to call them miserable, you just
    repeat other people's stupid conclusions. Losses at the Black Sea Fleet were due to the misuse of the G-5 by patrol and landing boats.
    1. +3
      November 24, 2021
      Quote: Konnick
      TK G-5 had a different combat purpose. These were boats for the protection of naval bases, designed for a swift, rapid attack and a quick withdrawal, for this they had a speed of up to 100 km / h, they not only did not have a cabin, they did not even have a latrine.
      In addition to low autonomy, there were also a lot of shortcomings. Weak small arms and cannon armament, which led to significant losses from aviation (especially from the FW-190 in the northern fleet).
      And also due to the absence of a forecastle, the maximum excitement withstood no more than 3 points, the rear location of the torpedoes led to the fact that the boat had to go on a combat course longer and the launch of the torpedo itself was associated with the risk of a collision with its torpedo (which happened happened), left much to be desired and the characteristics of the torpedoes.
      This does not change the bottom line - the G-5 boats for the war turned out to be of little use and of little use.

      In accordance with the task at hand, the most important tactical element of the TKA was its speed, for which the developers had to sacrifice seaworthiness, cruising range and weapons. In practice, the G-5 boats performed a completely different job: they operated on communications, landed troops, evacuated the wounded from the front line, escorted transports, carried out night raids [5], fought against enemy minesweepers and fired at the coasts.

      Fair appraisal of the project.

      The British in coastal waters, used canal boats - specially designed to deal with snail boats - very effective against weakly armed snail boats, the first type GRAY
  7. +2
    November 24, 2021
    Well, I will add about that weapon - which was created specifically to effectively resist snail boats (in addition to aviation, of course).
    These are specially built high-speed gunboats - the first series of the "Gray" type (SGB class Steam Gun Boat)
    By 1940, it became clear to the British Admiralty that the Royal Navy had nothing to oppose to the German torpedo boats - schnell boats, operating with impunity off the coast of Great Britain. Fast and agile, they attacked convoys, laid mines in the coastal zone, and easily escaped the British. We needed ships that were not inferior to snail boats in speed, but superior in armament.
    175/255 t; 44,4x7,1x1,7 m; 2 TZA and 1 PC, 7200-8000 hp, 34 knots, 50 tons of oil. Eq. 27 people, 2x1 - 40 mm / 40, 2x2 - 12,7 mm, 2x1 - 533 mm TA. https://warfor.me/kanonerskie-lodki-tipa-grey/
    as well as types MGB class (motor gun boat)
    Fairmile B (in total, from 1940 to 1945, about 650 boats were built)
    Fairmile C (24 pcs)
    Fairmile D (MTB motor torpedo boat 229 pcs)

    A vivid description of an eyewitness and direct participant in the service, combat operations of canal boats of Great Britain in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic in the book by Leonard Reynolds:
    "Gunboat 658. Combat operations of small ships of Britain in the Mediterranean and the Adriatic"
    Would recommend to all fans of the history of the Navy.
  8. +1
    November 24, 2021
    About snellbots well and fully written in the "Marine collection". Of course, their role in the war is not decisive, but they coped well with their tasks in the Baltic, North, Black Seas and partially in the Mediterranean.

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