Military Review

RTK "Marker" on trials. New technologies and their future

13

Wheeled platform "Marker"


Since 2018, the Foundation for Advanced Research, represented by the National Center for the Development of Technologies and Basic Elements of Robotics, together with NPO Androidnaya Tekhnika, has been developing a promising multipurpose robotic platform Marker. By now, the robot has been brought to various tests and regularly demonstrates its capabilities.

Security Robot


On October 7, the FPI announced the start of a new stage of testing the RTC "Marker" at a real facility of special importance. The Vostochny cosmodrome became the site for such a check. The events were held with the participation of the Okhrana Science and Technology Center of the Roscosmos State Corporation.

The tests involved a wheeled version of the Marker platform with a universal optoelectronic module. At the cosmodrome, it was planned to work out the performance of several tasks by the robot. This is autonomous patrolling of territories along a given route, detection, identification and interception of intruders, as well as the fight against unmanned aerial vehicles.


Tracked version of the RTK with combat equipment

A few days later, the FPI reported on the tests. The events lasted from 8 to 14 October and showed all the new capabilities of RTC. Marker has confirmed its ability to autonomously drive along a given route using vision systems. If necessary, the robot avoided obstacles. At the same time, he monitored the integrity of the protected perimeter and monitored the state of communications and power supply lines. The autonomy of the RTK reached three days.

In the wake of tests at the cosmodrome, the management of FPI and Roscosmos highly appreciated the Marker project, its key technologies and prospects. Thus, the project manager of the National Center for the Development of Technologies and Basic Elements of Robotics Arkady Petrosov pointed out that Marker has the best object recognition capabilities in our country due to artificial intelligence and autonomous movement in an unknown environment.

The head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin noted the high potential of the scientific and technical groundwork created in the RTK Marker project. In the future, new technologies can be used to create technology for researching the Moon and other celestial bodies.

Battle trials


October 19 RIA News, referring to its source in the defense complex, reported on other tests of the Marker complex. This time, the possibilities of group work of robots were tested, for which five vehicles in different configurations and configurations were simultaneously brought to the landfill.


Demonstration of the "Marker" to the leadership of "Roscosmos"

The tests involved three robots on a wheeled chassis and two unified tracked vehicles. Such a group independently and without human intervention conducted reconnaissance and identified conditional targets. Also, RTKs exchanged data and distributed targets, looked for optimal firing positions to defeat them and reacted to changes in the situation.

Events of this kind clearly show the current success of the new project and its overall potential. RTK Marker already copes with group work and its characteristic tasks. Further development of this direction will give obvious positive results.

New technologies


The goal of the Marker project is to create and test new technologies and components in the field of autonomous ground-based robotic systems. A complex of hardware and software modular architecture with wide capabilities has already been developed and is being tested.

The project focuses on the issues of technical vision, stable communication and navigation, autonomous movement and various ways of working and control. Also, the compatibility of the control complex with different carrier platforms and target equipment is being tested. The combat equipment of the RTK provides for the use of its own reconnaissance UAVs.


Security robot at the Vostochny cosmodrome

A set of controls allows the "Marker" to work according to the operator's commands, and some of the driving tasks are taken over by the automatics. However, the main one is the autonomous mode, in which the RTK independently studies the terrain and builds a route, as well as performs other tasks. Methods of group application from two to five RTKs have been brought to real tests.

To date, a high level of autonomy and independence has been obtained, but work in this direction continues. It is planned to improve and expand such capabilities of the RTK. The ultimate goal is the ability of the robot to independently perform various tasks at the maximum distance from the operator, limited only by the running characteristics of the platform.

Implementation of ideas


The control equipment of the RTC "Marker" is being tested on specially designed self-propelled platforms of two types. These machines are built using common components and solutions, but are equipped with different chassis. The use of tracked and wheeled platforms makes it possible to more fully develop the capabilities of new control systems and RTK as a whole.


Experimental platforms are made on the basis of a unified hull. They are equipped with a hybrid power plant that powers propulsion electric motors, experimental control systems and payloads. Autonomy is declared up to 3 days. The wheel version has three axles and four-wheel drive. The tracked modification received a five-wheel chassis.

Around the perimeter of the building there are technical vision devices - video cameras, lidars, etc. They provide all-round visibility and form a complete picture of the environment and the accessible road. A seat in the center of the roof is intended for the payload.

It is possible to use different loads. In recent tests, a universal optoelectronic module was used. Also, a combat module similar in design was developed, equipped with optics, a machine gun and rocket-propelled grenades. Weapon supplemented by light UAVs for aerial reconnaissance.

Thus, the experimental complex "Marker" includes a set of all the main components of various kinds with certain functions. From them, according to the modular principle, an experienced robot with the required composition of units and the required capabilities can be built. This approach greatly simplifies testing and development of new technologies, incl. in real-life conditions.


Great future


In just a few years, the experimental project of the "Marker" robotic complex was brought to full-scale tests with the solution of the most difficult tasks, such as autonomous protection of objects or group combat work. All these events are taking place with some success and confirm the characteristics and capabilities of the complex. In addition, with their help, the remaining shortcomings are revealed, which are corrected in the future.

As the development organizations point out, RTK Marker in its current form is experimental and is not intended for full-fledged operation. However, based on the results of current work, technical solutions and sets of units will be created, suitable for use in "real" projects.

Promising RTKs will be developed in accordance with the requirements of customers, and therefore will be able to more fully realize the potential of new technologies. The developments on the "Marker" are planned to be used in the creation of new ground equipment for military and other purposes, and even in future projects of planetary rovers. Recent news shows that the implementation of such plans is now only a matter of time.
Author:
Photos used:
FPI / fpi.gov.ru
13 comments
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  1. Artyom Karagodin
    Artyom Karagodin 25 October 2021 18: 22
    +5
    Good news! They know how to work when they want!
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 25 October 2021 18: 54
      0
      I wonder if this can be applied in civilian life? KAMAZ is actively testing something similar, but it is not clear on what technology….
      1. Artyom Karagodin
        Artyom Karagodin 25 October 2021 20: 40
        0
        What I do not know, I do not know.
      2. Ilgizl
        Ilgizl 26 October 2021 05: 53
        0
        of course not. The ones we disliked are developing either initially civilian options for commercial success and then using the developments to participate in military tenders, or doing dual-use. We always make only the military version.
  2. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 25 October 2021 18: 35
    .
    Marker Robot: Stop! Shoot! Intruder: Standing! Marker: Shooting! Artificial intelligence is called.
  3. AC130 Ganship
    AC130 Ganship 25 October 2021 19: 52
    -1
    Wait and see. As soon as something similar begins to be shown to "experts" like Rogozin, a red light starts blinking strongly in the air. Chubais has also been talking about the super-promising potential of nanotechnology for 20 years in a row. I have mastered a decent chunk of the state budget in full. There is no Chubais, no nanotechnology. Only the offshore accounts of some close to the trough have been replenished ...
  4. Eroma
    Eroma 25 October 2021 19: 59
    +3
    Interesting work in progress good As I understand it, the Russian army will soon look like this:
    1. Artyom Karagodin
      Artyom Karagodin 25 October 2021 20: 42
      +1
      It definitely won't. Robots (at least now and in some foreseeable future) are just a very useful addition to human capabilities. But not more.
      1. Eroma
        Eroma 25 October 2021 22: 17
        +1
        The supplement can be in different areas, for example, on the front line.
        The article says that such tasks were worked out. It is clear that robots will not act of their own free will, but the main task of their creation is precisely to replace humans in the most dangerous places.
        1. Artyom Karagodin
          Artyom Karagodin 25 October 2021 22: 33
          0
          I don’t argue with that. It's just that there were no explanations in the previous comment, so he answered)))
  5. Nikolai
    Nikolai 25 October 2021 22: 30
    +3
    A very interesting car for organizing autonomous patrolling and organizing ambushes, for example, in the desert. How many pieces will MI-8 lift on an external sling? And it is easy to disguise it - small, on batteries, autonomy for 5 days in an ambush. In a group of machines 5, it can already perform tactical measures - coverage from the flanks, etc.
  6. Borisych
    Borisych 25 October 2021 23: 37
    -1
    Well done guys, it turns out. But on VO, too, the right thought passed. We need these Rogozins and Chubais somewhere, away from new technologies. It is a pity that no one in the governments and under the president understood this.
  7. prior
    prior 26 October 2021 10: 08
    -4
    Adult uncles have not played enough with radio-controlled toys.