Launch Eve: Lucy Interplanetary Station

83

Lucy device in the final stage of assembly

On October 16, NASA plans to launch the Atlas V 401 launch vehicle with the Lucy automatic interplanetary station. The latter will go to the orbit of Jupiter, where it will study the so-called. Trojan asteroids. It is assumed that such a mission lasting at least 12 years will make it possible to collect new data on objects in the solar system, as well as to clarify history formation of planets.

On the way to space


In February 2014, NASA opened a call for bids for 13 and 14 missions as part of the Discovery Solar System Exploration Program. The most successful projects were to be supported by the Agency. According to the terms of the competition, the launch was planned to be carried out by the end of 2021.




Station in flight configuration

Almost three dozen applications were received for the competition. In September 2015, NASA selected five projects for further development, and at the beginning of 2017 the winners were announced. So, the 13th mission in the framework of "Discovery" chose a project called Lucy. He received full support, and the full-fledged development of the AMC itself and the devices for it began. The general management of the project was entrusted to the Space Flight Center. R. Goddard.

In early 2019, the launch vehicle for the Lucy was chosen, the Atlas V 401 from ULA. The launch was scheduled for October-November 2021 during a 23-day launch window. It is these launch dates that will allow Lucy to get to the optimal trajectory and solve all the daring tasks.

On August 28, 2020, the Lucy project was approved, after which Lockheed Martin began construction of the station. A few weeks later, the first samples of the target load arrived at the assembly site. The construction of the AMS was completed this summer, and on July 30, the device was delivered to the Air Force base at Cape Canaveral, where the launch will take place. On the last day of September, NASA reported on the installation of the station on a launch vehicle.


Spectrometer L'TES

According to the latest reports, preparations for launch are continuing on schedule and without delay. The start is scheduled for the first day of the launch window, October 16. While NASA cannot completely rule out small transfers, but the mission will necessarily start in the estimated period.

It is curious that in the program "Lucy" there was a place for symbolism and parallels. It was named after the skeleton of Australopithecus AL 288-1, one of the main fossil finds in the history of human origins. Trojan asteroids are also a kind of "fossil" and can store traces of the formation of planets in our system. In addition, the AMS must fly near the asteroid (52246) Donaldjohansson - it was named after the archaeologist who found Lucy.

Interplanetary technology


AMS "Lucy" is a spacecraft with its own propulsion and power plant, capable of flying along a given trajectory, as well as carrying and using scientific instruments. Assembled station weight - 821 kg; including fuel - 1550 kg. A characteristic feature of the design is various solutions aimed at reducing the size and weight while maintaining the required operating parameters.


L'LORRI camera

The station is built on the basis of a rectangular body, inside and outside of which elements of various systems and the target load are placed. On its sides are two fold-out solar panels with a diameter of 7,3 m. On the front part there is a main communication antenna with a diameter of approx. 2m, covered with light protection. On the opposite surface is a platform with research instruments.

Due to the use of folding elements, the dimensions of the AMS were brought into line with the requirements of the launch vehicle. In the transport configuration, the height of the station does not exceed 3,8 m, and its diameter is 2,8 m. After the deployment of all elements, the width of the station increases to 14,25 m, and the height is determined by the diameter of the solar panels.


L'Ralph two-piece device

One of the main objectives of the Lucy project was to ensure sufficient power supply throughout the trajectory. For this, solar panels of large diameter are used. According to calculations, even at the maximum calculated distance from the Sun, they will generate more than 500 W, which is enough for the operation of all equipment. Also, batteries are distinguished by high survivability and stability. The station will receive energy even if a significant part of the elements fails.

The station's target load includes only three devices. The first is the Lucy Thermal Emission Spectrometer (L'TES), a thermal infrared spectrometer developed by the University of Arizona. It will help determine the thermal characteristics of asteroids and establish the composition of their surface. A high-resolution camera Lucy Long Range Reconnaissance Imager (L'LORRI) from J. Hopkins University will provide high-quality images of the surface of the Trojans.

The Goddard Center has developed and manufactured the L'Ralph instrument, which includes two instruments. These are Linear Etalon Imaging Spectral Array (LEISA) infrared spectrographic cartographer and Multi-spectral Visible Imaging Camera (MVIC) color camera.


Flight plan for 2021-33

Photographing and carrying out various measurements will be carried out during flights near the asteroids. Even in a limited time, several instruments with different functions will be able to collect a wide variety of data. In addition, it should be remembered that Lucy is the first device to investigate Trojans, and therefore the amount of information available about them will grow anyway.

Flight program


The Lucy station will have to study Trojan asteroids - two groups of objects located near the orbit of Jupiter near the L4 and L5 Lagrange points. It is assumed that these asteroids represent the remnants of matter that participated in the formation of the planets of the solar system. Accordingly, their study will make it possible to clarify the processes of the appearance of the Earth and other celestial bodies. The study of Trojans from our planet is difficult for a number of reasons, and therefore such tasks were assigned to AMC.

It was originally planned that "Lucy" investigates only two asteroids. However, further calculations showed that the device can be brought to an optimal trajectory, which will provide a flight past eight, incl. of particular interest. This will be a record in the entire history of space research - no other AMS has previously studied so many objects in one flight.


Asteroids - Mission Objectives

On October 16 or later, the station will use the launch vehicle to ascend into a low reference orbit, deploy and prepare for flight. Until December 2024, the AMC will remain with LEO, after which it will change its orbit, receive acceleration and go to the first group of Trojans. In April 2025, the device will pass through the main asteroid belt 922 km from the object (52246) Donaldjohansson.

In August 2027, it is expected to arrive at point L4, where the Trojan asteroids of the "Achaean camp" are located. In the course of several weeks, studies of the asteroids (3548) Eurybat (with the satellite Kveta) and (15094) Polimela will be carried out. After that, the trajectory will change, and "Lucy" will begin to move towards the Sun. Due to this, in April next year, there will be a rapprochement with (11351) Levkus, and in November - with (21900) Orus.

In December 2030, the station will return to Earth, receive a new acceleration and fly to point L5, near which the asteroids of the "Trojan camp" are concentrated. In March 2033, the asteroid (617) Patroclus and its satellite Menetius will be explored.


Jupiter and two groups of Trojans - so far only a drawing by an artist

Further plans will be determined based on the results of the work carried out. The Lucy station can be sent back to the "Achaeans" for new research - such a journey will take another 5-6 years. After the resource is depleted, the AMS will continue its uncontrolled flight and remain on the established trajectory. According to calculations, it will be able to continue flying past the Earth from one group of asteroids to another for tens and hundreds of thousands of years.

Start key!


The launch of the Atlas V rocket with the automatic interplanetary station Lucy will take place in the very near future, and this will launch one of the most interesting space missions of recent times. The data collected by the new AMC will tell a lot about the little-studied objects in orbit of Jupiter, as well as clarify the history of the formation of our planetary system. Such information is of particular importance to science.

Unfortunately, the first results of the new mission will have to wait for several years. "Lucy" will pass through the main asteroid belt in 2025, and will reach the main targets only in 2027 and 2033. However, at the moment, the main task is to launch and prepare the station for operation, on the success of which the entire further course of the mission and its results directly depend.
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  1. +21
    October 15 2021
    But we launched the actress.
    1. -1
      October 15 2021
      On a trampoline ..... wassat
      1. +19
        October 15 2021
        Well done Americans!
        One can only envy them with white envy!
        Good luck to them in the study of space!
        Russia also needs to strive for scientific and revolutionary technologies!
        Unfortunately, you can't fly far with the Unified State Exam!
        1. -19
          October 15 2021
          Good luck to them in the study of space!

          Why them and not us ??? After your "white envy" to them wishes of success to them, I somehow can't believe in your sincerity ?!
          1. +11
            October 15 2021
            Quote: alystan
            After your "white envy" to them and wishes of success to them, I somehow can't believe in your sincerity ?!

            Well, why not? There will be benefits to humanity from the flight of the American station to the horizons of the solar system!
            But the Americans will receive all the political dividends on Earth from the launch and collection of scientific information!
            1. +1
              October 15 2021
              Quote: Tatiana
              But the Americans will receive all the political dividends on Earth from the launch and collection of scientific information!

              "Political dividends" is a mossy and hardened stamp of the Soviet agitprop. Nobody is interested in political show-off in world scientific research. It was in the USSR that all scientific research was politicized. "High milk yields are the merit of Soviet scientists who conduct their research under the strict guidance of the CPSU and personally ...". "Achievements of Soviet physicists for the XXIII Congress of the CPSU."
              By the way, Americans are not greedy and share this kind of information generously. Many are published in a heap of scientific journals, almost all sources of free access.
              1. +6
                October 15 2021
                Privalov, you want to say that there was politics in the USSR, but there was no politics in the USA. Apparently you were sick that day and did not buy an American newspaper where they reported that they launched their astronaut, but this is not a policy, but a message. Just like going to the moon. As far as it is understandable, they are going to launch a cow with a milkmaid into space, where she will milk the first bucket of milk in Space. Well, then the Americans will do it, they did not prepare for the launch of the cow and they did not undergo the necessary training. But they will lie, they will say that the goby did not jump on the cow and she has no milk. The same goby pumps milk into the cow.
                1. +13
                  October 15 2021
                  Quote: zenion
                  Privalov you want to say that there was politics in the USSR, but there was no politics in the USA.

                  Of course it was! As I remember now. Once Albert Einstein was summoned to the regional committee of the Republican Party, and the second secretary said to him:
                  - Why are you, Albert Germanovich, without consulting with senior comrades, and so imprudently and unexpectedly declare to the whole world that the telegraph is something like a very, very long cat: you are her
                  yanking her tail in New York and her head meowing in Los Angeles. What is radio in your opinion?
                  - Radio is the same: you transmit a signal from a certain place and it
                  accepted elsewhere.
                  - Then, let me ask you, what is the difference then?
                  - The only difference is that in this case there is no
                  cats.
                  1. -5
                    October 15 2021
                    Quote: A. Privalov
                    "Political dividends" is a mossy and hardened stamp of the Soviet agitprop. Nobody is interested in political show-off in world scientific research. It was in the USSR that all scientific research was politicized.

                    That you are mistaken, and even very much!
                    The United States has never shared military and dual-use technologies!
                    Suffice it to recall at least the creation of a nuclear bomb, etc.!
                    So you have anti-Russian, anti-Soviet clichés that the United States is supposedly always only "white" and "fluffy"!
                    1. +8
                      October 15 2021
                      Quote: Tatiana
                      That you are mistaken, and even very much!
                      The United States has never shared military and dual-use technologies!
                      Suffice it to recall at least the creation of a nuclear bomb, etc.!
                      So you have anti-Russian, anti-Soviet clichés!

                      We are not talking about military technologies and a nuclear bomb, but about space research that does not bear signs of either dual use or commercial gain.
                      By the way, hanging labels is a nasty custom of the same unforgettable times. hi
                      1. -7
                        October 15 2021
                        Science has long been politicized!
                      2. +7
                        October 15 2021
                        Quote: Tatiana
                        Science has long been politicized!

                        Everything! I give up! Be your way.
                        Kiss pens, madam! love
                      3. +6
                        October 15 2021
                        Uuuuuu ... Reincarnation of the immortal Tatra. Paragraph! wassat
                      4. +2
                        October 16 2021
                        Bolivar can't stand two wassat wassat
                      5. -2
                        October 16 2021
                        Well done! They argued to the point of hoarseness about politics. About successes in space .. Even Einstein was not forgotten .. And then there is such a thing .. If the carrier takes off .. And takes off, then "Lucy" herself has to get to Jupiter even before Jupiter. was not ... In general - we will live - we will see. And we will see - so we will argue wink
                      6. +5
                        October 15 2021
                        Quote: A. Privalov
                        space exploration with no signs of dual use or commercial gain.

                        there is always a commercial benefit (and a military one)
                        Voyagers gave unique GPS accuracy
                        what about the Hubble Space Telescope? from dark matter / energy to data for the collision of two bodies in space.
                        Americans do not give everything, not always, and not to everyone for free, and in many cases, even for a fee, close friends are not given.
                        But it normal. Competition and healthy mercantilism
                      7. +1
                        October 15 2021
                        Quote: ja-ja-vw
                        Americans do not give everything, not always and not to everyone for free, and in many cases, even for a fee, close friends are not given.

                        It is useless to argue on this topic with A. Privalov. He "knows better" from Israel! laughing :
                      8. -1
                        October 15 2021
                        Quote: Tatiana
                        It is useless to argue with A. Privalov. He "knows better" from Israel!

                        and he seemed to me a reasonable and good-natured person request
                        Well, a conservative, well, from Israel (there are simply few of them and the enemy is all around): here they are, like that porcupine in the stage erections danger - needles always stick out.
                      9. 0
                        October 15 2021
                        Quote: ja-ja-vw
                        and he seemed to me a reasonable and good-natured person

                        Yes it is - reasonable and good-natured! And also a very gallant man with women!
                        Only the "habitat" does its job with it. It has long been torn off from its Russian roots.
                        In general, each hut has its own rattles! laughing
                      10. 0
                        October 16 2021
                        Quote: Tatiana
                        In general, each hut has its own rattles!

                        you can't please women.
                        A man can wear anything - all the same, he will remain nothing more than a woman's accessory.

                        /Coco Chanel
                      11. -2
                        October 16 2021
                        Quote: ja-ja-vw
                        Quote: Tatiana
                        In general, each hut has its own rattles!

                        By huts, I meant our countries - Israel and Russia.
                        As for Coco, I'm far from her. Her head was full of hunting for rich men, and I was full of political science. laughing But I also like to dress beautifully. And so that my husband was also well-dressed - so that I would never be ashamed of him by his side.
                      12. -1
                        October 16 2021
                        We are not talking about military technologies and a nuclear bomb, but about space research that does not bear signs of either dual use or commercial gain.

                        Are you sure about that? The author of the article wrote about some Lagrange points ... A little more, a little more, and he will think of the Lagrangian triangle ... And then he will be concerned with the stability of the libration points ... You have not yet guessed why the station is sent to the "Trojans", and not to the "Achaeans"? How everything is neglected ... I'm afraid that with people like you Israel will suffer the fate of Troy ... It's a pity - a good state ... it was ...
                        Sincerely
                    2. +8
                      October 15 2021
                      Quote: Tatiana
                      technology Double US destinations have never been shared!
                      It is enough to remember at least the creation nuclear bomb

                      A curtain.

              2. -1
                October 16 2021
                -A. Privalov: By the way, the Americans are not greedy and share this kind of information generously.
                Especially on the "lunar soil".
                1. 0
                  October 16 2021
                  Quote: knn54
                  -A. Privalov: By the way, the Americans are not greedy and share this kind of information generously.
                  Especially on the "lunar soil".

                  Have you been cheated?
        2. +21
          October 15 2021
          Quote: Tatiana
          Russia also needs to strive for scientific and revolutionary technologies!

          Well, yes, well, yes, they have already launched the actress into space, and painted the rocket in Khokhloma (or Gzhel, I don’t remember exactly).)))) Do you think that revolutionary technologies are not enough?
          PS All this would be funny if it were not for what was happening in our country, but it’s sad all this.
        3. -8
          October 15 2021
          Without funding, you can't do anything or run it - the Roscosmos budget is limited from 170 to 220 billion rubles for everything and for a year.
        4. -9
          October 16 2021
          One can only envy them with white envy!

          Any envy is bad.
          Unfortunately, you can't fly far with the Unified State Exam!

          I agree, but the Americans are not doing better either. No engines, missiles exploding, F-35 shit. Where is the station so good from? By the way, Atlas takes off on the RD-180. And I strongly doubt that even 500 watts of power will allow communication between Jupiter's orbit and Earth.
        5. -1
          November 18, 2021
          Russia also needs to strive for scientific and revolutionary technologies!
          Unfortunately, you can't fly far with the Unified State Exam!


          How is one related to the other? The United States has its own semblance of the Unified State Exam, but they do not study space.
          1. 0
            November 18, 2021
            Quote: ViacheslavS
            How is one related to the other? The United States has its own semblance of the Unified State Exam, but they do not study space.

            Firstly, by attracting promising specialists from other countries to work in the United States, organizing in these countries the so-called. "brain drain" and promising secret scientific developments in the United States.

            And secondly, genuine - scientifically sound - education becomes elitist and is not intended for everyone. Those. for the "plebs" - one system of teaching in universities (fragmented education with training according to the principle "do not go behind the red flags"), and for the "elite" another, higher quality scientifically sound education (systematically logical methodological, as it was in the USSR).
            1. -1
              November 18, 2021
              Firstly, by attracting promising specialists from other countries to work in the United States, organizing in these countries the so-called. "brain drain" and promising secret scientific developments in the United States.


              Well, it would seem who prevents everyone else from attracting promising specialists, the United States is not the most heavenly place on earth.


              And secondly, genuine - scientifically sound - education becomes elitist and is not intended for everyone. Those. for the "plebs" - one system of teaching in universities (fragmented education with training according to the principle "do not go behind the red flags"), and for the "elite" another, higher quality scientifically sound education (systematically logical methodological, as it was in the USSR).


              What kind of education? I can agree that MGIMO is elite and inaccessible to the majority, but technical education, scientific in the natural sciences, would be accessible to the absolute majority only by desire. Not to mention the current access to scientific information and additional education, self-education. Even English is now incomparably easier and more accessible to learn than it was in the USSR, where, despite the years of studying English, there was an incredibly low level of English proficiency and only the elite could really afford to learn it at an acceptable level.
        6. -3
          December 18 2021
          Oh, how the Moscow residents get hot from the exam, it's a shame that your kids don't have enough brains for points?
    2. -4
      October 15 2021
      -Trojan asteroids are also a kind of "fossil" and can store traces of the formation of planets in our system.
      They are fragments of the nuclei of the first protoplanets (carriers of the material of the protosolar nebula), formed and destroyed in mutual collisions at the dawn of the solar system.
      It seems. that due to technical and economic problems, the Yankes have postponed the commercial exploration of space resources for a long time.
      1. 0
        October 17 2021
        It seems. that due to technical and economic problems, the Yankes have postponed the commercial exploration of space resources for a long time.

        Forgive me, I understand that the majority of members of the forum in dedstvo about the problem of three bodies were not told fairy tales, but really no one watched the TV series "Space"?
        Sincerely
  2. -11
    October 15 2021
    Will the balls fly into space too?
    1. +9
      October 15 2021
      "Ukrainians" may not fly, but the fact that Russians are guaranteed not to get into such a mission is for sure fellow
      1. -1
        December 18 2021
        Yes Roskosmos plans to build a base on the moon together with China.
  3. +20
    October 15 2021
    This mission has serious goals. Good luck to them. It is a pity that we are not
    1. +9
      October 15 2021
      This is what should be envied, in all good senses.
  4. +10
    October 15 2021
    A clear difference in American and Russian space ... - where are the breakthroughs? We can't catch up in a straight line, but we cut the "corners" so slowly that we are on the verge of losing meaning.
    1. -5
      October 15 2021
      Russia does not allocate money for such missions - now the main thing for us is the Moon 25 to successfully launch and land on the lunar, as well as to send a rover with equipment to Mars and successfully land in the next 2022th year.
    2. -1
      December 18 2021
      in the article they modestly kept silent on what carrier the station and its components were launched into space. can you open the veil of secrecy before sprinkling ashes on your head?
  5. +10
    October 15 2021
    Science fiction becomes reality. Incredible pride in humanity. I envy white envy. And we, to the greatest regret, have only Rogozin.
    1. +17
      October 15 2021
      Quote: Mikhail M
      And we, to the greatest regret, have only Rogozin.

      What are you running into him? He's a tough guy.


      Roscosmos' net profit for 2020 is 300 million rubles (42 times less than in 2019).
      Rogozin's earnings for 2020 are 83 million rubles (2 times more than in 2019).
      That is, the entire Roscosmos can pull only four Rogozins, and one of them will have to starve slightly.

    2. -1
      December 18 2021
      and launch vehicles that will pull this station into low orbit. but we will not say anything about that, right? an inconvenient truth, it is better to piss in a puddle with contrition ...
  6. +1
    October 15 2021
    But once it was the USSR that was a pioneer in the development of interplanetary space missions.
    1. 0
      October 15 2021
      Which interplanetary missions did the USSR launch first?
      1. 0
        October 16 2021
        Stations of the Venera series.
  7. +16
    October 15 2021
    In the transport configuration, the height of the station does not exceed 3,8 m, and its diameter is 2,8 m.After the deployment of all elements, the width of the station increases to 14,25 m,

    There are a bunch of swivel joints. A kind of "arthropod" structure.
    About 15 years ago, the office where I worked developed for the needs of NASA a lubricant that does not thicken in a vacuum at temperatures close to absolute zero.
    1. +3
      October 15 2021
      Aleksandr, if it's not a secret of what type of lubricant? Dry? Maybe a link to a patent.
      1. +14
        October 15 2021
        Quote: alien308
        Aleksandr, if it's not a secret of what type of lubricant? Dry? Maybe a link to a patent.

        This is not a patent, but know-how. Absolutely simple and almost universally known today materials and technologies in a somewhat unusual combination, gave an unexpected effect.
        That's all I can tell you, sorry. hi
        1. +2
          October 15 2021
          Thank you, I understand :) Well this is how to mix it up!
          1. +14
            October 15 2021
            Quote: alien308
            Thank you, I understand :) Well this is how to mix it up!

            It was the laboratory assistant who messed up something and screwed up the protocol of the experiment. However, the numbered sample of the mixture was preserved and, among the rest, was sent to the mechanics for use. And they came running with bulging eyes. So, everything turned out to be not so difficult.
          2. -1
            December 18 2021
            and all his posts are like that. at first, like yes, I had something to do, but as specifics, so in the bushes ...
  8. +8
    October 15 2021
    The key is to run a competition first, which will be explored if I read it correctly. And then they began to implement the task. The classic American innovation system worked. We are far from that.
  9. +11
    October 15 2021
    Quote: Mikhail M
    And we, to the greatest regret, have only Rogozin.

    But how many songs I have composed and performed. Soon we will watch a movie from the station. And how well painted the "royal" rocket. Clever !! This "poet" costs us many million rubles. We want to plevatsya.
    Well done, the Americans (and the Europeans) are launching a lot, there is still a lot of interesting things in space. And our 60 years have been orbiting, using the successes of the USSR.
  10. +5
    October 15 2021
    Well done, and we have been sucking since the days of EBN.
    1. -1
      December 18 2021
      in and on will suck-suck this lot of democracies and podnikov. your ebnov time will never come back
      1. 0
        December 18 2021
        Well, it’s in vain, we’ll fix it and the country will again be under the control of the people, but you have to disappear.
  11. -5
    October 15 2021
    I hope our Zeus tug project will also fly at the appointed time. Only now it will be larger than this station, weighing about 20 tons. And the more complex trajectory is Earth-Moon (small spacecraft separation) -Earth (refueling-load change?) - Venus (small spacecraft separation) -Earth (gravity assist) -Jupiter-Jupiter's moons (Io, Europa, Callisto).
    https://player.vimeo.com/video/630851620
    1. +1
      October 15 2021
      If there are ion or plasma engines on it, then it is useless for interplanetary missions - since it will fly for years in view of the meager thrust of the engines for interplanetary fast flights, YLRD are needed.
      1. +1
        October 15 2021
        According to the latest data, there are ion engines. But ... He's not that slow. The entire route will take 50 months. Considering how much he carries with him, very good.
  12. +1
    October 16 2021
    Here they run into Rogozin ... Yes, and to hell with him, there is a reason ... But this one program is half of the budget of our space and we must proceed from this. Unfortunately, even hypothetically, return all stolen (from London) and stolen (from offshore companies) their money will still not be enough for such projects calculated for half a century
  13. +4
    October 16 2021
    here is the state ... Absolute successes on earth, the strongest army in the world, everything that they could conquer on earth - they conquered. Who would not say what. The power of the dollar, technology is everywhere. They are progress, Third Rome.
    1. +9
      October 16 2021
      Yeah. On spiritual bonds and with the help of a cousin's mother, ships do not fly into space - alas. The "decaying West" will not rot in any way. Flies into space and flies. Including for scientific purposes, which will be appreciated by scientists from all over the world.
      1. -3
        December 18 2021
        yeah it flies. pays money to Roscosmos for launch and flies. why not fly if there are Russian missiles and none of our own. and how could they be in the spiritless west ...
  14. +1
    October 16 2021
    Quote: Tatiana
    Science has long been politicized!

    Not every science has been politicized, especially for a long time!
  15. +2
    October 16 2021
    Quote: Mikhalych


    I agree, but the Americans are not doing better either. No engines, missiles exploding, F-35 shit. Where is the station so good from? By the way, Atlas takes off on the RD-180. And I strongly doubt that even 500 watts of power will allow communication between Jupiter's orbit and Earth.

    Horror!!! Keep doubting and keep watching too! laughing
  16. -1
    October 17 2021
    Another success of the Russian rocket engine building. After all, Atlas takes off on the RD-180. Interestingly, where is Merlin, Raptor, BE-4? :)
    1. 0
      October 18 2021
      On other launch vehicles
  17. -1
    October 18 2021
    What a pity that Russia will not and will not have, at least in the next 15 years, such programs
    1. -1
      December 18 2021
      no more a pity that the west has no delivery vehicles of its own. otherwise why pay Roscosmos for this, enhancing the bloody redhead)))
  18. 0
    October 31 2021
    No. Have you read the article? Of the "Trojans" He will fly only from Patroclus from his companions. And then, at the very end. The rest of the asteroids are just Achians.

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

“Non-profit organizations, unregistered public associations or individuals performing the functions of a foreign agent,” as well as media outlets performing the functions of a foreign agent: “Medusa”; "Voice of America"; "Realities"; "Present time"; "Radio Freedom"; Ponomarev; Savitskaya; Markelov; Kamalyagin; Apakhonchich; Makarevich; Dud; Gordon; Zhdanov; Medvedev; Fedorov; "Owl"; "Alliance of Doctors"; "RKK" "Levada Center"; "Memorial"; "Voice"; "Person and law"; "Rain"; "Mediazone"; "Deutsche Welle"; QMS "Caucasian Knot"; "Insider"; "New Newspaper"