Military Review

UAZ - 80 years old: a glorious past with an army bearing

84

The first independent development that ended up on the assembly line of the car plant was the UAZ-450A. Source: denisovets.ru


Ulyanovsk, so Ulyanovsk!


In previous parts stories Ulyanovsk cars, it was about the evolution of the UAZ-469 model. On the eve of the anniversary of the automobile plant, it is necessary to pay special attention to the glorious history of the birth of the enterprise.

The Great Patriotic War had a tremendous impact on the location of industrial enterprises. The rapid German offensive in 1941 forced the government to hastily evacuate defense factories. The Germans launched the first air strikes on the Stalin Plant on 23 June. However, the enterprise worked until mid-autumn, right up to the beginning of the evacuation. Director Ivan Aleksandrovich Likhachev received an order to transfer the 40-thousandth plant on the evening of October 15. In the book "History of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant", this episode, according to the head of production of ZIS P. I. Smirnov, is described as follows:

“At about 20 pm I came to the director's office. Likhachev walked nervously from corner to corner. A revolver is fastened to the waist belt of the gymnast. Seeing me, he came up, shook my hand and said: - Well, Pavel Ivanovich, we will build a plant and establish the production of cars in Ulyanovsk. This is the direction of the government. Get documents and money. Take any car and, no later than two hours later, drive through Gorky to Ulyanovsk. Schwarzburg was appointed director of the Ulyanovsk plant.

I declared that I was ready to stay in Moscow until the last moment, but received a secondary and categorical order to leave immediately ...

I left the yard. Wet, heavy snow poured down. People scurried about in the darkness. In some places, the blue lights of the sidelights flashed.

It is hard on the soul of every car manufacturer. It was a pity to part with his native plant, and at the same time, anger towards the hated enemy is growing. Okay, Ulyanovsk, so Ulyanovsk! "


Ivan Alexandrovich Likhachev. Source: museum.mintrans.ru

Already on October 20, 1941, the first workers arrived at the new location of the plant. The warehouses of the State Customs Administration were chosen for placement, which were packed with ingots of non-ferrous metals, machine tools, rubber and medical preparations supplied under Lend-Lease. It was not completely possible to move the giant enterprise to Ulyanovsk - the engine builders relocated to Miass. By the way, it was the delay in the release of engines that became the reason for the storage of a large number of Ulyanovsk ZIS-5s with hollow hoods in the future.


ZIS-5V. Source: denisovets.ru

Ammunition was the first product of the Ulyanovsk Branch No. 4 of the Stalin Plant (Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant named after Stalin). The release of the shells urgently needed by the front was organized in February 1942 in the tool shop No. 2. And at the end of April, the fully equipped ZIS-5 trucks finally came out of the gates of the plant - Miass was able to supply the engines in full. The assembly of the first cars was carried out on improvised wooden stocks from components that were brought back from Moscow. The main conveyor was launched only in October 1942, and this made it possible to double the productivity to 60 ZIS-5 per day. Since the end of 1943, the enterprise has also assembled several hundred American Studebakers from lend-lease vehicle kits. A year later, it was decided to transfer to Ulyanovsk the production of no less legendary than the ZIS-5, "one and a half" GAZ-MM. By the end of the war, it was not possible to master the full cycle at the UAZ, and the first GAZ-MM left the assembly line already in 1947. The plant produced 150 trucks per day, and finished with them only in 1951. The Ulyanovsk automobile plants managed to organize the production of almost 100% of all the components of the "lorry" independently. In 1949, an attempt was even made to make a cosmetic, as they would say now, restyling of the GAZ-MM.




GAZ-MM from Ulyanovsk. Source: denisovets.ru


A rare photo of a GAZ-MM refined at a UAZ. Source: denisovets.ru

It should be noted that the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant has become a forge of top-class engineering personnel. Among others, the figure of the chief designer Boris Lvovich Shaposhnik stands out, who after the war became the head of the SKB of the Minsk Automobile Plant. It is his talent that we owe to the MAZ family of heavy rocket carriers.

Shells and trucks were the main products of the Ulyanovsk plant, but not the only one. In August 1942, a directive came from Moscow on the urgent production of stationary subcompact engines L-3/2 "Leninets". Despite the fact that the engine was domestic, no documentation was sent to the factory workers. As a result, the plant director Peter Schwarzburg ordered the design bureau to switch to a 16-hour mode of operation and quickly "sketch" every detail of the motor. By the end of September, prototypes L-3/2 were ready. On the basis of this motor production, in 1944, a separate Ulyanovsk plant of small displacement engines was formed.

Army (and not only) history


A detailed 80-year history of the automobile plant in Ulyanovsk will take several articles, so we will focus on the most significant milestones of the post-war period. Like the entire domestic auto industry, UAZ was impressed by American technology. Despite the fact that the enterprise actually turned into a branch of the Gorky plant at the end of the war, engineers did not abandon attempts to create something of their own.


Diesel UlZIS-253, developed by NATI. Source: denisovets.ru

After the stillborn UlZIS-253, which was supposed to receive a two-stroke diesel, the plant developed pickups of the UAZ-300 family. The car was very similar to its American counterparts, it could carry up to 1 ton and was unique for the USSR. Also in 1949, several UAZ-302s were assembled - the distant ancestors of the modern one and a half ton "Gazelle". The carrying capacity of the 302 relative to the base model was added by a dual-slope rear axle tire. The plans also included the UAZ-308, which differed from its ancestors with all-wheel drive, but nothing is known about its implementation even in an experimental version. The engine of all cars was supposed to be a 50-horsepower unit from the GAZ-M-20 "Pobeda".










UAZ-300/302 family. Source: denisovets.ru

But the production plans were not destined to come true - in 1952 the UAZ was unexpectedly re-profiled for the assembly of ... SON-4 gun aiming radars. Even the company got a special name - "Plant No. 852". Of course, the entire staff of development engineers for new cars was dismissed.

The status of the automobile plant was returned to UAZ only in 1954, when the production of the Gorky all-terrain vehicle GAZ-69, which became the main product of the enterprise for many years, was transferred to Ulyanovsk. At this time, its own design bureau was revived under the leadership of Pyotr Ivanovich Muzyukin. The engineer was transferred to Ulyanovsk from Gorky, and it was he who oversaw the first independent development of the UAZ, which was serialized. These were trucks of the UAZ-450 wagon layout, the production of which was launched in 1956. By the way, the cars, practically unchanged, are still on the assembly line in Ulyanovsk - these are the oldest domestic cars that are still in production. Only now they are called "SGR Family" and are advertised in a very original way on the manufacturer's website:

"Passable, versatile, unpretentious and at the same time with the most simple design - a Kalashnikov assault rifle from the world of machines."

The Ulyanovsk people, of course, got excited about comparisons with the famous automatic rifle, but "Loafs", like the developments of Mikhail Timofeevich, are in demand abroad.


GAZ-69 on an assembly line in Ulyanovsk. Source: denisovets.ru






UAZ-450A. Source: denisovets.ru

RV lovers in Europe have appreciated the archaic charm of the UGR and are buying up dozens of cars a year. We see something similar with Ural motorcycles, the lion's share of which is sold to exotic lovers in the United States. In addition to Europe, SUVs are sold in regions where unpretentiousness and high cross-country ability are required from the car - these are Cuba, Chile, Laos, Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Iraq and Myanmar. By the way, it was export deliveries that at one time forced UAZ to make changes to its models. Since 1959, the Ulyanovsk GAZ-69 has entered the markets of 22 countries at once, most of which were distinguished by a hot climate. The nitro paint used at the plant for car bodies was well suited to the climate of the USSR, but in the tropics it could not stand for a couple of years. As a result, the production process was transferred to hot-drying synthetic enamels, which increased both durability and quality of painting. True, in the first years of this cycle, only export modifications of the GAZ-69 were painted, all, without exception, the bodies were painted with "synthetics" only since 1964. Another example of domestic product segregation is the best abroad, and the rest, and sometimes illiquid, to our own. Ulyanovsk GAZ-69s have always had a notoriety for poorly assembled cars. However, the Indonesian termites loved them! In 1956, the first off-road vehicles entered the island state and were already in the port without wheels. Aggressive termites have eaten through the natural rubber of tires. The answer from Ulyanovsk was special tropical wheels, the taste of which no longer attracted insects.

To be continued ...
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  1. Crowe
    Crowe 13 October 2021 05: 38
    +21
    UAZ is 80 years old
    Happy anniversary!
    1. Sling cutter
      Sling cutter 13 October 2021 10: 42
      +8
      Quote: Crowe
      Happy anniversary!

      This is for sure, Legendary cars, chauffeurs lovingly call "goats", "loaves", "bobby".
      It is simply impossible to imagine an army, village, hunting and fishing life without UAZs.
      So happy anniversary and wish you the revival of glorious off-road traditions in modern forms! drinks
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 13 October 2021 14: 21
      +10
      Wonderful article. Not beaten. With rare photos. Thank you author! We look forward to continuing!
    3. Alien From
      Alien From 14 October 2021 00: 23
      +3
      I join! Well written, but not enough) hi will wait)
  2. Aurel
    Aurel 13 October 2021 05: 43
    +3
    Early "loaf", great crocodile Gena reminded me.
    1. Kot_Kuzya
      Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 06: 00
      -1
      If I am not mistaken, UAZ was the first in the world to produce a classic car with an engine in the cab in a large series.
      1. Zufei
        Zufei 13 October 2021 07: 13
        +15
        1956 Jeep FC disagree)
        1. Kot_Kuzya
          Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 09: 20
          +1
          Quote: Zufei
          1956 Jeep FC disagree)

          This is not a wagon, but a utility vehicle.
          1. Zufei
            Zufei 13 October 2021 10: 35
            +7
            What is a carriage?
            1. Zaurbek
              Zaurbek 13 October 2021 13: 25
              +1
              It is larger than Oise and more powerful .... The design is good - even now release it.
        2. Intruder
          Intruder 13 October 2021 22: 03
          +3
          1956 Jeep FC disagree
          Even more surprised is the French multi-seat 75-horsepower car-type Charron, in 1913:
  3. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 13 October 2021 06: 05
    +10
    Happy Holidays! It is inconvenient for a passenger to get into a * loaf *, especially with short legs, but without your cars we can no longer! Especially in the countryside and especially in winter! Hooray!
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 13 October 2021 06: 46
      +12
      the scars on his arms remind of him ... and yet, I loved him ... and he has me from time to time! Happy anniversary !
  4. faiver
    faiver 13 October 2021 06: 52
    +8
    Ulyanovsk GAZ-69s have always had a notoriety for poorly assembled cars.
    - controversial statement ...
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 13 October 2021 08: 40
      +9
      Agree. And the general cycle of articles is very informative, fully consistent with the subject of HE. There are no different travel notes from the summer holidays, like Shpakovsky's. Respect to the author! I look forward to continuing.
    2. Thorvlobnor IV
      Thorvlobnor IV 13 October 2021 12: 48
      -1
      Well, I don’t know ... My great-uncle, who after the war plowed the head. garage on the farm, to my childish question about the GAZ-69: "Grandpa, would you take one for yourself? (instead of" Moskvich-2140) ", winced and muttered:" Why do I need this g @ clear? "
      1. faiver
        faiver 13 October 2021 13: 21
        +4
        Well, Moskvich-2140, too, to put it mildly, was not a masterpiece bully
        1. Thorvlobnor IV
          Thorvlobnor IV 13 October 2021 18: 11
          -3
          In Soviet Union, to put it mildlydid not bother with cars for the countryside at all. And there is only one reason: an ordinary collective farmer could not afford them. In theory, unpretentious pickups were to be produced, as in the USA, but who would buy them if it was impossible to make money on such a car on a collective farm. Maximum is a motorcycle with a sidecar. Well, "Niva" for the chairman, where can we go without it. My grandfather made money on the Moskvich by beekeeping, but he had no particular choice: Zhiguli was not quoted in the village because of the weak rear suspension, and the Zaporozhets was practically useless on the farm.
          1. Kot_Kuzya
            Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 22: 03
            -1
            You contradict yourself:
            Quote: Torvlobnor IV
            an ordinary collective farmer could not afford them

            And right there in the paragraph:
            Quote: Torvlobnor IV
            Grandfather made money on "Moskvich" by beekeeping

            You will decide, the writers of myths, either remove the cross, or put on underpants.
            1. Thorvlobnor IV
              Thorvlobnor IV 13 October 2021 22: 40
              +2
              In your universe, "an ordinary collective farmer" and "beekeeping" are compatible? My grandfather was the head of the garage - and this is almost the second post after the chairman on the collective farm. And he managed to take up beekeeping on a serious scale when he was retired. this is a terribly complicated and time-consuming thing. And no need to be rude, please, thanks.
              1. Lynx2000
                Lynx2000 15 October 2021 09: 59
                0
                Quote: Torvlobnor IV
                In your universe, "an ordinary collective farmer" and "beekeeping" are compatible? My grandfather was the head of the garage - and this is almost the second post after the chairman on the collective farm. And he managed to take up beekeeping on a serious scale when he was retired. this is a terribly complicated and time-consuming thing. And no need to be rude, please, thanks.

                Perhaps I disagree with you. An ordinary collective farmer (sovkhoznik) and beekeeping are similar, as a rule, a member of a kolkhoz / sovkhoz leading a kolkhoz / sovkhoz apiary (beekeeper) bred his own (by layering, caught in swarms). I earned good money, bonuses based on the results of pumping out of a collective / state farm apiary, delivery of personal honey to the Bee Center.
                In addition, the machine operators in the Soviet state farms (collective farms) earned good money, the salary during the sowing and harvesting periods increased.
                The K-700 tractor driver received at least 600 rubles. Combine for harvesting from 600 rubles. per month or more, plus threshing bonuses.
                In the village where my grandfather was a savage at the state farm, every second driver and machine operator owned a car. For the foremost workers, the right to buy a car out of turn was a form of encouragement.
          2. Senior seaman
            Senior seaman 14 October 2021 09: 24
            +1
            Quote: Torvlobnor IV
            an ordinary collective farmer could not afford them.

            There is still a problem in who is considered an ordinary. For example, combine operators made good money during the harvest and bought cars, especially when there was such an opportunity.
          3. Ashes of Claes
            Ashes of Claes 14 October 2021 09: 53
            -1
            Serving a long time ago, at the end of the Soviet Union, in a rural school as a distribution teacher, I heard a story about a UAZ, into which an engine from Vladimirts was stuck. True, you didn't have to look under the hood with your own eyes.
            1. Fat
              Fat 14 October 2021 10: 45
              0
              hi good Awesome legend
  5. Fitter65
    Fitter65 13 October 2021 07: 41
    +3
    Ulyanovsk tank, Fighting vehicle
    Russian UAZ - PATRIOT !!!!!
    Happy 80th birthday !!! Patriot himself in 2008, his friend "Loaf" 2010- or as we call them Petrovich and Borisych. drinks drinks As one comrade says, there is more loaf from the inside than from the outside !!!!
    1. serg.shishkov2015
      serg.shishkov2015 13 October 2021 08: 03
      +6
      How many parcels we managed to stuff into the cargo-passenger compartment! Sometimes she was the only one who saved us when a temporary kirdyks came to the rest of the cars! and 10 years ago, in general, * goat * had to be taken out on several flights! The city is covered with snow on the very best! the rest of the post machines did not even get out of the parking lot!
      1. Crimean partisan 1974
        Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 09: 39
        +5
        generally on a * goat *
        ..yes, the goat is practically unkillable, ..but Bobik UAZ 469 is truly a brand of Ulyanovites ... along the way, the next article will be devoted to him
        1. serg.shishkov2015
          serg.shishkov2015 13 October 2021 09: 43
          +2
          I did not specify - this is a UAZ goat! I don't remember the model, all-metal
          1. Crimean partisan 1974
            Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 09: 54
            +3
            I did not specify - this goat is a UAZ brand,
            ..... well, waxes to certain legendary cars are rewarded by motorists with a special rattle ..... for example .. Mercedes-gelding, BMW-boomer, GAZ-66 -shishiga, GAZ-63-goat and UAZ 469 Bobik ... by the way, a rogue LuAZ-lunar rover
            1. serg.shishkov2015
              serg.shishkov2015 13 October 2021 10: 07
              +2
              I agree, but for me somehow inherited from the GAZ-69 to the UAZ-469! Sorry, it happens!
              1. Crimean partisan 1974
                Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 10: 13
                +4
                Sorry, it happens!
                ... yes, not that they will apologize ... the wallpaper "rogues" is legendary ... by the way, in Crimea, travel companies in the mountains use these two rogues .... well, so how I come from the Fire Department about UAZ can tell a lot of stories ... positive, because I don't remember negative
            2. Sergej1972
              Sergej1972 13 October 2021 12: 36
              +2
              In our area, both GAZ-69 and UAZ-469 were called "goats".
              1. Crimean partisan 1974
                Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 12: 49
                0
                In our area, both GAZ-69 and UAZ-469 were called "goats".
                ...... it would be better to call them Morals ... it fits more with them
                1. Lynx2000
                  Lynx2000 15 October 2021 11: 37
                  0
                  Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
                  In our area, both GAZ-69 and UAZ-469 were called "goats".
                  ...... it would be better to call them Morals ... it fits more with them

                  The 69th was called the Goat, and the UAZ-469 was called Bobik. In Siberia, a roe deer (goat) is called a goat, although it belongs to deer, and the maral is a large subspecies of red deer. yes

                  That the 69th, or 469th worthy cars of its time at the time of birth, no worse than Land Rovers, later Toyota LC 40 and MMS.
                  1. Crimean partisan 1974
                    Crimean partisan 1974 16 October 2021 10: 00
                    +1
                    no worse than Land Rovers, later Toyota LC 40 and MMS.
                    ...
                    Well, based on practice during the 3rd Yalta mountain fire, 2 Renzhrovers from the forestry went out of order on the first day, on the second day, almost all tankers, only 2 Bobby, Bolivar (as we called him) AC-40 (131) remained in service diesel version, two Shishigi, and Unimog (tumbler, because it often overturned due to high ground clearance), ... this transport became the key to success, having rest from the beginning of extinguishing to the end ... and Bobby were real saviors
                    1. Lynx2000
                      Lynx2000 16 October 2021 13: 45
                      0
                      Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
                      Well, based on practice during the 3rd Yalta mountain fire, 2 Renzhrovers from the forestry went out of order on the first day, on the second day, almost all tankers, only 2 Bobby, Bolivar (as we called him) AC-40 (131) remained in service diesel version, two Shishigi, and Unimog (tumbler, because it often overturned due to high ground clearance), ... this transport became the key to success, having rest from the beginning of extinguishing to the end ... and Bobby were real saviors

                      I live a little to the east, in the Far East (Kamchatka), I am not familiar with the situation on the western borders of the Motherland, the 3rd Yalta fire - did this disaster happen in 2018?
                      Range Rovers in forestry are a very big luxury, maybe Land Rovers did you mean?
                      1. Crimean partisan 1974
                        Crimean partisan 1974 21 October 2021 17: 28
                        0
                        that disaster happened in 2018?
                        ...... no, in 2011, just in the year of my daughter's birth, they left me on guard, but then they needed strength and drove what they could, even an absurd case was ... they drove T-54 powder extinguishing (40 launchers for RS with powder) .. he climbed to the top on his own and, according to Murphy's law, stalled half the way, thereby blocking the only thread to the control center, at first they decided to push him into a cliff. but then everything, in conjunction with Bolivar, and two shishig reached the base ... there he stood for a couple of months bkz of benefit, back on his way he went down to the highway where he was loaded onto a tractor and on this his career was over ...
                        Range Rovers in the forestry are a very big luxury, maybe Land Rovers ... well, I will distinguish between Land and Range, so I can say ... the more the Yalta forestry at that time was not poorly funded, plus left-wing incomes ..
            3. Tima62
              Tima62 13 October 2021 22: 35
              0
              Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
              GAZ-63-goat

              GAZ 63 (Shishigi's dad) - ???
              1. Crimean partisan 1974
                Crimean partisan 1974 14 October 2021 10: 29
                0
                GAZ 63 (Shishigi's dad) - ???
                ..... yeah ... the error lies in the details ... but in general, everything is true about the rattles .... that's interesting why the VAZ 2121 Niva was not given a rattle
  6. prior
    prior 13 October 2021 08: 47
    -7
    Again, an article about the glorious Soviet past.
    May be enough?
    We pumped it all together and no one, as I see, is going to return it.
    What a pleasure it is to poke around in an old bleeding wound, there are not enough new ones?
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 13 October 2021 08: 56
      +8
      Quote: prior
      Again, an article about the glorious Soviet past.
      May be enough?

      And what, from the memories of Our Glorious Past, does it bite you, or what? So don't read it. And if there is something to remember, then for some reason we are not ashamed of anything, and where did you get the idea that this is an old bleeding wound? To be honest, I haven't seen a silly comment ...
      1. prior
        prior 13 October 2021 09: 04
        -5
        Me your opinion in any way.
        There is nothing more stupid to comment on stupid comments.
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 13 October 2021 12: 06
          +1
          Quote: prior
          There is nothing more stupid to comment on stupid comments.

          I agree, I was a fool when I commented on your comment ... And at the expense of your opinion, it didn’t even rest against the next fence.
    2. Evgeny Fedorov
      13 October 2021 09: 02
      +17
      Do not worry, in the second part of the story I will tell you about the deplorable state and prospects of the UAZ. In Ulyanovsk, in this sense, everything is not very good
      1. Fitter65
        Fitter65 13 October 2021 12: 08
        0
        Quote: Yevgeny Fedorov
        Do not worry, in the second part of the story I will tell you about the deplorable state and prospects of the UAZ. In Ulyanovsk, in this sense, everything is not very good

        Well, our pessimistic optimists should also be encouraged, otherwise it will suddenly get worse, and they didn't even hope for that. laughing laughing laughing good good
      2. Yarik Antipov
        Yarik Antipov 13 October 2021 12: 36
        0
        Well, I don't know how deplorable. They don't have much money for a new model, but they shouldn't be releasing it right now. They made the quality very acceptable, but the Internet is still full of old bikes about rusty fragile uazes. Now you need to recruit an audience with various pleasant buns, save money.
        1. Fitter65
          Fitter65 14 October 2021 02: 53
          0
          Quote: Yarik Antipov
          They made the quality very acceptable, but the Internet is still full of old bikes about rusty fragile UAZ.

          Tales about the eternally breaking Patriot, or the UAZ-452 I adore (or anything I’m old) is not at all embracing. Then alone on the Patriot, in a new car only from the salon, they go and freeze in the back seat. It turns out that there is one stove in front of the little pancake, as far as I know, there are 2 stoves in the Patriot and one just in the back row is blowing. Others, at a speed of 40 km per hour, turn on a reduced one and they have a razdatka - there are no comments at all. Another operator generally had a steering knuckle lever. During the movement, it broke, albeit exactly along the front bolts, and just like a grinder, and the funniest thing was that the wheels did not even parted in different directions, which was supposed to happen. Yes, a lot of things from personal experience. years ago. I changed rubber at the end of April. Here one "neighbor" drove from Vladik, roofing felts Nadia, roofing felts gaya, I don’t remember exactly, I handed it over after 2 years, but the essence is not right asks the keys (on a Japanese woman, why are they if there is an UAZ in the garages ) stoics to change, okay, hltya what to change, after all, I just bought it, okay, time has passed in September, I am preparing for a long hike to the taiga, he comes up with a question - a neighbor and you could not give the keys, otherwise there is more than one Japanese suspension on THESE RUSSIAN ROADS can't stand it. Yes lano no problem. after a trip to the taiga, the rear shock-absorber grunted at me - and the mileage was not great 88 thousand, but okay. I change the Amora this pepper fits, and sighs - that's what the Russian car means, everything is poking around with it ... Damn, he means Russian roads, but I am driving a Russian "Patriot" on German autobahns? About how one acquaintance has a friend, and his wife's brother bought a Patriot from his wife's sister, so he swore, this is generally first-hand information. Or as one writes how, with an increase of 186 centimeters, he could barely get behind the wheel of a Patriot, but in the CR-V he adjusted the seat ... Damn, what prevented it from being done in the Patriot. If something is the interior of the Patriot 5 centimeters higher than the hundredth Kruzak. it was me and my friend who measured the salon of his Kruzak and my Patriot ... And then he took the 452nd 10th year ... But I don’t know why, but he was driving such a "puppy delight" behind the wheel in the taiga ... It's like after Padzherik to NIVU to sit down and on plowing, on plowing, on plowing laughing laughing laughing good drinks
      3. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 13 October 2021 13: 27
        +1
        It seems to me that GAZ has more opportunities to capture this niche ... There is a mass production of commercial GAZelles and, even the 6th machine gun was presented at the exhibition
      4. Hermes
        Hermes 13 October 2021 19: 05
        +3
        Good afternoon.
        I have been reading TopWar for a long time (4 years for sure), but perhaps for the first time I am writing a comment.
        I want to say that UAZ is going through very difficult times.
        There are no new models - a loaf from the 50s (a small plastic on the face and another dashboard does not make something new out of this car), Simbir / Patriot is in fact also in a creative stagnation, an ambulance based on Patrick is still squalor. There are no fundamentally new ideas, they manage to deliver the cars rusty even to the exhibition stands (it is easy to google, check who does not believe), some dealers used to completely sort out the cars before selling them. I am silent about tightening the nuts with a hammer. The plant management building has been sold, the space has been sold, many parts are supplied from China and other friendly countries, and in fact are simply assembled on an assembly line.
        Attempts to make a local Kruzak with this approach are doomed to failure.
        And the worst thing is that the price is unreasonably high in relation to the build quality and the components themselves. At the same time, the tops do not complain about wages, especially since there is a regular customer in the form of banana republics and the military.
        It is a pity.
        1. Evgeny Fedorov
          13 October 2021 19: 17
          +1
          Attempts to make a local Kruzak with this approach are doomed to failure.

          Totally agree with you. It seems that the idea of ​​their own Prado was finally abandoned. We have to admit that the domestic school for the development and construction of off-road vehicles is slowly but surely dying. There will be no new UAZ. The new Niva, if it will be, will be based on Duster. What will replace the UAZ class in the army is not clear at all. All-wheel drive technology of its own design will remain only with the military, but here there are specific requirements and no one really needs them in civilian life. It is bitter to watch an entire industry become dependent on imported technology.
          1. Firelake
            Firelake 15 October 2021 15: 16
            -1
            What will replace the UAZ class in the army is not clear at all. 

            Gelikami. The Germans are friends, but you can't leave your friends.
            Although if without sarcasm I think there will be tigers.
      5. Hermes
        Hermes 13 October 2021 19: 16
        +1
        There is also an excellent book in paper form, only I cannot upload photos, apparently because I have not yet passed authorization.
        It is called: "History of the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant", Moscow: Profizdat, 1988. - 148 p. - (History of factories and plants). - ISBN 5-255—00026—4. "

        The scanned version of the book is easily googled on the net.
        1. Evgeny Fedorov
          13 October 2021 19: 19
          +2
          Yes, I now have it on my table))) I refer to this source in the text
          1. Hermes
            Hermes 13 October 2021 19: 23
            +2
            I lived a kilometer from the UAZ :) I was a schoolboy there on an excursion. In fact, CHPP-1, which now provides the city with heat, water and electricity, was built and developed, among other things, to meet the needs of the car plant.
            And an acquaintance worked in an office, a former Autodetalservice, and what horrors she did not tell about the complaints ...
    3. Kot_Kuzya
      Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 09: 25
      -3
      Quote: prior
      We pumped it all together and no one, as I see, is going to return it.

      You did not ride, but you rode laughing ... And you returned to a monstrous, monstrous regime that absorbed all the worst from the USSR. By the way, this is how the Ukrainians led the USSR for almost its entire history, especially if we take into account the Ukrainian lobby of the Ukrainian Communist Party, while there was no Communist Party of the RSFSR, it is not surprising that it was the Ukrainians who introduced all the bad things that were in the USSR. And now in Ukraine we see a caricature of the USSR.
      1. prior
        prior 13 October 2021 09: 31
        +2
        Yes, I was born in Ukraine, in a military garrison, near the village from which Grigory Vakulenchuk, who raised an uprising on the battleship Potemkin. I have been living in Moscow for 45 years. Russian citizen. I hate the Banderaites. And who are you after that?
        1. Kot_Kuzya
          Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 09: 42
          -1
          Quote: prior
          I hate Bandera

          Shariy also hates Bendera's people, his channel is even titled "Antinazi". But this does not at all prevent him from jumping for Ukrainian exclusivity, and that Ukraine should enter the EU and NATO, that only the Ukrainian language should be the state language, that there can be no question of any federalization of Ukraine, that "Crimea is Ukraine!" etc. Absolutely the same can be said about the allegedly "pro-Russian" Boyko, Muraev, Rabinovich and other corrupt creatures like Yanukovych. You yourself are jumping with the slogan "Ukraine is not Russia!" In 2014 and 2014, 2019% of Ukrainians voted for Russophobes and Nazis like Poroshenko, Tymoshenko, Gritsenko, Lyazhko, Tyagnibok, Yarosh and Zelensky, who later joined them. Moreover, these candidates did not hide their Russophobic and Nazi views at all, and 90% of Ukrainians who voted for them knew very well about their views, and therefore, share them, since they voted for them. And I am more than sure that all of them adhered to the "Ukraine is not Russia" view. Moreover, they rode with the slogans "Ukraine and Europe!"
          1. prior
            prior 13 October 2021 09: 59
            +1
            If you want to know my opinion, I will repeat myself. Because I wrote in the comments earlier.
            Ukrainians, as a trend, was originally created, as an ideology of opposing Ukrainians to Russians. As a means of separation, division, enmity. Out of this, Ukraine is not Russia.
            If Ukraine as a whole in the Soviet Union were called Novorossiya, Little Russia or some other ... Russia, then relations now would be like with Belarus, at least.
            As long as there is a Ukrainian nationality and the country of Ukraine, there will be nothing good in our relations, because Ukrainians are the enemy of everything Russian and the state of Ukraine, too.
            Therefore, everything happens there, how it happens.
            I don't think the Kremlin understands this. And even if they do, they are not in a position to undertake anything decisive and radical. And they all talk about the fraternal people. In the ranks of the army of the traitor Vlasov, there were also fraternal people, so what?
            In the 50s, my close relatives suffered directly from the very Bandera who fought both against the Soviet Union and against Soviet Ukraine.
            And your?
            1. Kot_Kuzya
              Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 21: 57
              -3
              Quote: prior
              In the ranks of the army of the traitor Vlasov, there were also fraternal people, so what?

              Since when did the traitors become "fraternal people"? Maybe for you traitors are brothers. But not for me.
              Quote: prior
              In the 50s, my close relatives suffered directly from the very Bandera who fought both against the Soviet Union and against Soviet Ukraine.

              The patriots of Ukraine of my father's mother's guts were released alive, and my father was surreptitiously shot in the back. And how should I treat Ukrainians now?
            2. Firelake
              Firelake 15 October 2021 15: 19
              -1
              If Ukraine as a whole in the Soviet Union was called Novorossiya, Little Russia or some other 

              Again, the damned scoop is to blame ... wink
              1. prior
                prior 16 October 2021 07: 58
                0
                Whatever you call the boat, so it will float.
          2. Crimean partisan 1974
            Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 10: 04
            0
            "Ukraine is not Russia!"
            ....... well, it started ... let's better on the topic ... how did you find a replacement for our Bobby? ... not along the way ... but maybe I missed even ...
            1. faiver
              faiver 13 October 2021 13: 26
              +2
              The man wrote in Russian in white that he has been living in Russia for 45 years and is a citizen of the Russian Federation
              1. Crimean partisan 1974
                Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 17: 03
                0
                The man wrote in Russian in white that he has been living in Russia for 45 years and is a citizen of the Russian Federation
                ... my comment was addressed to the cat kuze and not to the prior .... so I wonder how things are with the "crooks" in science. that is, all-wheel drive cars
                1. faiver
                  faiver 13 October 2021 17: 08
                  0
                  I apologize for my carelessness ... hi
                  1. Crimean partisan 1974
                    Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 17: 13
                    +1
                    I apologize for my carelessness ..
                    Come on, what excuses can there be when we are here discussing "crooks" (four-wheel drive cars), for example, I recently sold my Niva as unnecessary .... but the point is, at the level of the military car industry, there is a replacement for Bobby? well, I think that in the foreseeable future, neither we have nor anywhere else
                    1. faiver
                      faiver 13 October 2021 17: 20
                      +1
                      But the point is, at the level of the military car industry, there is a replacement for Bobby?
                      - there is no corresponding replacement, this is an indisputable fact, neither Patriot nor Hunter are competitors to the simple carburetor UAZ-3151.
                      1. Crimean partisan 1974
                        Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 17: 25
                        +2
                        carburetor UAZ-3151.
                        .... yeah .... and if the trampler is reliably isolated from water and the branch pipe is brought out higher than the hood, and the heel rubber, then this is just a bomb .. to get stuck it must be done well
                      2. faiver
                        faiver 13 October 2021 17: 30
                        +3
                        Plus, replace the earrings with gazel ones, and lo and behold - Bobik stops kidding ... good
                      3. Crimean partisan 1974
                        Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 17: 35
                        0
                        Plus, replace the earrings with gazel ones, and lo and behold - Bobik stops kidding ... good
                        ... ooooo, I didn’t know that ... I’ll tell the kent ... he’s extreme ... it’s surprising that he still hasn’t been killed ... well, Bobikam vivat, vivat, vivat
                2. Ashes of Claes
                  Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 17: 35
                  0
                  Quote: Crimean partisan 1974
                  well, I think that in the foreseeable future, neither we have nor anywhere else

                  "Anywhere else" is where? Is it in service somewhere?
                  1. Crimean partisan 1974
                    Crimean partisan 1974 13 October 2021 17: 43
                    -1
                    "Anywhere else" is where?
                    .... where there is an abundance of AK and RPG-7 ... so to speak, I can not even provide a cursory calculation .... I hope you don’t need to tell you that there is a redistribution of our world and there are more and more states in the state
      2. Sling cutter
        Sling cutter 13 October 2021 10: 25
        +15
        Quote: Kot_Kuzya
        Shariy also hates Bendera's people, his channel is even titled "Antinazi". But this does not stop him from jumping for Ukrainian exclusivity, and that Ukraine

        Listen, you go, well, this, to another branch with this Ukraine, they got it already with their droppings.
        An article about UAZ !!!
        1. Kot_Kuzya
          Kot_Kuzya 13 October 2021 22: 48
          -4
          Quote: Stroporez
          Listen, you go, well, this, to another branch with this Ukraine, they got it already with their droppings.

          Are you a Ukrainophobe? In fact, Ukraine is spelled with a capital letter.
      3. Ashes of Claes
        Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 18: 42
        +2
        How did you get your chlophobic crap, by God. Well, in any topic .... What does it mean, the same thing every time. Don't you fucking get tired of yourself?
  • Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 13 October 2021 10: 36
    +8
    I think the article is not about the glorious Soviet past, it is about the development of the automotive industry in the Union.
    And the USSR cannot be deleted from history.
    The mere fact that a huge number of factories were moved to the east of the country in a short time already speaks of the people who can do a lot.
    Great article, great photos. By the way, old photos sometimes tell more words.
    I look forward to continuing
    1. Ashes of Claes
      Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 19: 04
      -1
      Quote: Blacksmith 55
      I think the article is not about the glorious Soviet past, it is about the development of the automotive industry in the Union

      Is one separable from the other?
  • tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 13 October 2021 12: 00
    0
    Back in 1999, I saw a "loaf" in Reykjavik, burgundy metallic, and a running Icelandic platform to fit a wild type of wheel.
    1. Ashes of Claes
      Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 17: 37
      +1
      And I saw it in Munich. Sand-colored, with the emblem of the Afrika Korps. Only without the swastika, of course.
  • Free wind
    Free wind 13 October 2021 14: 27
    +1
    To hell with them a goat and a loaf, wrote what they are. But I didn't even know that the L-3 engines were produced on the UAZ. This is such a single-cylinder garbage, weighing under a hundred kilograms, with a capacity of 3 horsepower. Started up with a belt, wound on a flywheel. As a child, my hand was nearly torn off, I grabbed it on the return line.
  • Ashes of Claes
    Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 20: 56
    0
    Diesel UlZIS-253, developed in NATI.

    collective photo of Ulyanovsk residents against the background of 253.

    In general, in a bucolic battle "whale or elephant", I think Ul-253 beats the ZiSa-150.
  • Ashes of Claes
    Ashes of Claes 13 October 2021 21: 14
    +1
    Also in 1949, several UAZ-302s were assembled - the distant ancestors of the modern one and a half ton "Gazelle".

    You can cut it, but 300/302 is the most beautiful UAZ)
    Stylish thing)


    there still, it seems, the all-wheel drive version was considered - 308.
    About this photo:

    This is the November 1949 demonstration, sort of. According to the factory annals, the box for the car was assembled in Gorky on the 5th, delivered to Ulyanovsk on the 6th, on the same day they set it up, it jammed due to shavings, they sorted it out, put it again, and on the 7th the 300th drove through the ranks of the demonstrators ...
  • Kukota
    Kukota 14 October 2021 09: 23
    +1
    But the production plans were not destined to come true - in 1952 the UAZ was unexpectedly re-profiled for the assembly of ... SON-4 gun aiming radars. Even the company got a special name - "Plant No. 852".

    Well, not quite so, we redesigned individual workshops, and not our entire plant. These workshops later became a separate now Mechanical Plant.

    By the way, our plant also produced consumer goods. I wish I could buy now plates and spoons with the inscription UAZ :)

    a photo
  • Monar
    Monar 15 October 2021 16: 44
    0
    Already on October 20, 1941, the first workers arrived at the new location of the plant. The warehouses of the State Customs Administration were chosen for placement, which were jam-packed with ingots of non-ferrous metals, machine tools, rubber and medicines supplied under Lend-Lease.

    What nafig Lend-Lease in October 41st?