Drones guarding Russian shores: a variant of a meeting with an American landing party
As one of the promising options for repelling an attack from the sea by landing units of a potential enemy, it is proposed to use a controlled swarm of small-class UAVs. Such a proposal is indicated in the specialized publication “Aerospace Forces. Theory and Practice ”, the materials of which are published under the auspices of the Military Educational and Scientific Center of the Russian Air Force.
The idea of attracting UAVs in the military-defensive sphere has become more and more urgent in recent years. The Russian defense department is closely monitoring the progress of the modernization of the American army. Including - behind the development of the concept of the use of over-the-horizon amphibious assault formations: when a strike fist is formed at sea, tens of kilometers from the place of attack. The option of landing on the coast involves the use of hovercraft - with various combinations of air support (UAVs, missiles, etc.).
According to the developers of the defensive model, the set drones, organized in a common controlled formation, can play the role of the first barrier contour, delivering anti-personnel and anti-vehicle mines in combination with other ammunition to the aggressor's landing area in order to damage manpower and equipment, as well as communication centers with the command. Some of the devices will leave beacons in the clash area indicating the necessary targets for elimination by subsequent defense echelons. For example - by the forces of a front-line manned aviation or other means from the arsenal of the RF Aerospace Forces.
The use of a swarm of drones is supported by such well-known arguments as the stealth and small size of the vehicles, which adds to their advantages over the enemy's reconnaissance and air defense systems. In addition, UAVs of a small class are notable for their low cost. In general, the model of defensive actions on the coast using unmanned equipment is easy to adapt to any climatic conditions: both in the Black Sea and in the area of responsibility of the Pacific Ocean. fleet, and at northern latitudes. The latter circumstance takes on special weight when analyzing trends and forecasting the most probable scenarios.
The Russian developers have the technological groundwork for the implementation of a large-scale project. By the way, quite recently, domestic specialists presented a modified sample of the UAV “Merlin-BP"(Predecessor -" Merlin-21BM "). This vehicle is designed primarily for reconnaissance missions at altitudes up to 5 meters with a payload of up to 000 kg. Elementary logic dictates that for vehicles with defense functionality, a different and more extensive set of characteristics will be required.
However, it is not yet known whether the new project of military theorists will be given the go-ahead. Although there is an opinion that even in the form of a theory, such ideas do not go unnoticed - first of all, in the camp of Russia's “Western partners”.
- Nikolay Stalnov
- Photos used:
- Depository of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation multimedia.minoborona.rf