Military Review

154 Million New Orders: ENVG-B Night Vision Goggles

42

Soldiers of the 101st Airborne Division with ENVG-B instruments during exercises, February 2021


For several decades, US Army infantry and special forces have been actively using night vision devices to expand their combat capabilities. Recently, the main work on the multipurpose NVG of the new generation ENVG-B was completed, and now production samples of two models are actively supplied to the troops.

Subtotals


For a long time, infantry night vision devices have evolved as part of the Enhanced Night Vision Goggle (ENVG) family. In the mid-tenths, a new program for the development of an improved multipurpose NVG called ENVG-B began. The letter "B" indicated one of the goals of the project - the creation of a binocular device. At the same time, it was necessary to retain all the basic functions of the predecessors and provide for new ones.

Several companies have applied for participation in the program. In 2018, L3Harris and Elbit Systems became the winners of the competitive stage. They received contracts for the continuation of work and related funding. Already in 2019, two companies handed over the first experimental batches of night vision devices to the customer.

In the same year, the development of experimental products began in some parts of the army. In the future, they had to use such devices during tests and exercises in conditions as close as possible to combat. Since the spring of 2020, two new samples have been tested in parallel in order to identify the more successful one. However, this comparison did not provide for a complete transition to the "winner" and abandonment of the second product.


Using NVG in monocular mode

In October last year, contractors received additional contracts for the production of new batches of ENVG-B. The agreements provided for the supply of an unnamed, but large number of devices worth more than $ 40 million.The Pentagon planned to receive new night vision devices during 2021 and transfer them to new organizations for development and testing. Apparently, these orders have already been completed.

Since the end of last year, active testing has resumed, and now the army regularly reports on exercises and tests of various sizes and durations. For example, in February, a three-week comparative test was held on the basis of the 101st Airborne Division in a full-fledged exercise. Complexes ENVG-B of both types again positively influenced the combat capability of soldiers and were highly appreciated.

Production continues


On September 16, it became known that L3Harris has received a new order for the production of its ENVG-B instruments. The number of products planned for delivery has not been disclosed, but the value of the contract has reached $ 100 million.The company reports that since 2018 it has manufactured and handed over to the army more than 6 thousand ENVG-B sets, which were then distributed between parts and used in tests. Now, apparently, we are talking about several thousand more products.


Using ENVG-B with FWS-1 scope

September 23 received a similar news from Elbit Systems. The American branch of the Israeli company has received an order for the production of an unnamed number of NVGs worth $ 54 million.The ordered devices will be assembled at the American site of the company and will be completed by February 2023.

Thus, to date, the US Army has received several thousand ENVG-B instruments of two types, and supplies will not stop. For the purchase of such products, it is planned to spend a total of approx. $ 440 million, and only two new contracts account for about a third of this amount. At the same time, the procurement structure shows that two samples with similar characteristics are entered into service at the same time, but one of the manufacturers receives larger contracts.

Apparently, already in 2022-23. there will be new orders for the supply of two types of night vision goggles in the amount of several thousand pieces. As a result, the allocated 440 million will be spent in full, and the army will receive a total of thousands or tens of thousands of pieces of modern equipment.

Vision technology


Optical complexes ENVG-B from Elbit Systems and L3Harris were created according to the same requirements and taking into account the same restrictions, which led to the formation of a similar appearance and to the use of some common technologies. In the early stages of development, the two devices were significantly different in appearance, but then such differences disappeared.


ENVG-B is a binocular NVG that mounts on a standard frontal mount of a soldier's helmet. In the stowed position, the device leans up on a hinge and does not interfere with the view; in the worker drops to eye level. The optical components of the device are made in the form of separate tubes with a hinge mount. This allows you to use the "tubes" together or one at a time: unnecessary folds to the side and up.

NVD includes three main optoelectronic components. At the operator's eye level, there is a "binocular" with dual-band optoelectronic converters and miniature screens. A separate infrared camera is placed above it. The optical devices are connected to an electronic data processing unit. The latter is compatible with the advanced communications and control system Nett Warrior.

The main operating mode of the binocular PVN provides for the use of an image intensifier with amplification of the existing illumination and the issuance of a signal to the eyepiece screens. An infrared camera can be used with the binoculars, which improves the image quality and / or allows observation in different ranges.


Both new NVDs have the ability to receive various signals and data from different sources with subsequent delivery to the eyepieces in full-screen mode, in the form of “picture-in-picture” or in augmented reality. This can be a signal from an optical-electronic sight of the FWS-1 type or the latest STORM II, or data on the tactical situation. It also provides wireless transmission of its video signal to other users, for example, a unit commander.

The full capabilities of ENVG-B products have been repeatedly demonstrated and confirmed in the latest tests and exercises. With the help of such devices, regardless of their manufacturer, rifle units effectively moved, parachuted and fought in the dark. The use of night vision devices together with electronic sights increased the overall efficiency.

With the help of the ENVG-B NVG and the Nett Warrior system, it was possible to simplify the observation of the terrain, the search and distribution of targets. This was facilitated by the presence of several observation modes, as well as the ability to transmit a picture to the commander. Using an electronic sight on a personal weapons, with a certain skill, allowed a fighter to simultaneously monitor two areas, incl. in move.

In general, the new ENVG-B NVGs have the most significant advantages over existing supply products. Such superiority was gained due to the refusal of unification and continuity, while simultaneously introducing a number of new components and solutions.


The unit commander uses his terminal to follow the battle "through the eyes of a subordinate."

Plans and needs


Thus, two Pentagon contractors successfully completed the development of two multipurpose night vision devices / optical systems for use in rifle units. These products are already being produced in a fairly large series and are gradually distributed between different combat units.

According to current plans, production of ENVG-B will continue for several more years and will lead to the appearance of thousands of new devices. In parallel, other communication and control devices of new types will be produced. All these measures will make it possible to re-equip several more large formations and increase their combat effectiveness.

However, the successful implementation of the current $ 440 million plans will have limited results across the army. A significant proportion of units and formations of the ground forces, special operations forces and the Marine Corps will have to continue to use previously released night vision devices and other equipment. Probably, this issue will be solved later, with the help of new orders for ENVG-B. In addition, in the distant future, they can launch the development of next-generation night vision devices - and at the expense of it, carry out a new stage of re-equipment.
Author:
Photos used:
The US Department of Defense
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  1. Aaron Zawi
    Aaron Zawi 28 September 2021 18: 17
    +8
    Elbit generally loves this theme.
    1. knn54
      knn54 28 September 2021 19: 10
      +5
      -Also provides wireless transmission of its video signal to other users, for example, the commander of the unit.
      "Feedback" from a soldier is a GREAT advantage. In fact, SYSTEMS, and not just a NVD.
      Kirill, thank you, plus.
      1. Mitroha
        Mitroha 28 September 2021 20: 27
        .
        No offense, but how long will this excellent, no doubt, technology work in an armed conflict with an enemy with a similar development of technologies and / or strong motivation and nuclear weapons? Something tells me that all these high technologies will sink into the summer in the first month of the conflict. For there will be nowhere to reproduce, but it is impossible to apply, due to the lack of communication. And everyone will return to equipment from storage, production of 50-90 years, without AI and with a minimum of electronics, at best
        1. Hypertension
          Hypertension 28 September 2021 20: 41
          +6
          Quote: Mitroha
          No offense, but how long will this excellent, no doubt, technology work in an armed conflict with an enemy with a similar development of technologies and / or strong motivation and nuclear weapons? Something tells me that all these high technologies will sink into the summer in the first month of the conflict. For there will be nowhere to reproduce, but it is impossible to apply, due to the lack of communication. And everyone will return to equipment from storage, production of 50-90 years, without AI and with a minimum of electronics, at best

          Axe. No "high technology" since the Paleolithic! Here's our pick. In the end, they can knock down a nuclear missile in the air, if they get the hang of it. During the entire war, only the handle will wear off a little, but if something happens, then it is not a problem to scrape a new one. No AI and electronics, just a stern peasant hack!
          While the enemy is looking for batteries for his electronic devices in his pocket, an ax is already flying at him!
          Here he is, the ideal soldier for the third world war, nothing more:
          1. Mitroha
            Mitroha 28 September 2021 21: 13
            -3
            The irony is understandable, but I'm not specific about the NVG, but more about, for example: "wireless transmission of my video signal to other consumers, for example, the commander of a unit." Someone thinks that the opponents at the PB will leave each other the opportunity to use communication which will be enough to transmit video signals and control equipment remotely? Yes, this will be practically the first priority. What the conflict in NK showed is that first of all it is necessary to deprive the enemy of the opportunity to work with all kinds of unmanned vehicles, especially with target designation
            1. Hypertension
              Hypertension 28 September 2021 21: 34
              +3
              Quote: Mitroha
              Someone thinks that the opponents at the PB will leave each other the opportunity to use communications which will be enough to transmit video signals and control equipment remotely? Yes, this will be practically the primary goal.

              The goal still needs to be achieved. On some part of the database, it will work, on some not. Plans usually don't hold up well when faced with reality. Two kinds of communication and control are better than one. Progress is all the same. And the bullet is not such a fool these days.
              https://topwar.ru/73099-umnaya-pulya.html
              You write that in a month high technologies will sink into oblivion. But in a modern war, in the first month, everything is decided. Even earlier - a week or two.
              1. Usher
                Usher 28 September 2021 23: 10
                -4
                The Nazis thought so too
                1. Hypertension
                  Hypertension 28 September 2021 23: 37
                  +2
                  The Nazis did not have nuclear weapons.
                  1. OgnennyiKotik
                    OgnennyiKotik 28 September 2021 23: 48
                    +7
                    Why are you so angry about Italy? It was not the worst regime, it was relatively herbivorous. Compared to Nazi Germany or Asian dictatorships, it’s quite nothing.
                    And the fact that wars between developed armies will be fleeting and there will be no time for the production of weapons and even mobilization is obvious. Even without nuclear weapons. Two weeks is time for gaining air superiority and suppressing air defense, further destruction of the army as an organized structure will not cause problems. If no one succeeds in the air, an armistice.
          2. Tomich_1987
            Tomich_1987 29 September 2021 02: 05
            0
            The ax still needs to be made, but what if the enemy destroys all our forges? Therefore, I believe that it is necessary to train with clubs, any raised stick will automatically become the ultimate weapon.
  2. Intruder
    Intruder 28 September 2021 18: 29
    -1
    The letter "B" indicated one of the goals of the project - the creation of a binocular device.
    Right, here's the news, wonderful (I remember, this is also ... in a past life):


  3. lucul
    lucul 28 September 2021 18: 29
    -3
    Prices are high, because in fact there is a monopoly, until other manufacturers catch up, things will not get off the ground.
    For such a price of the device ($ 16), the return on the soldier is not very big, for special forces and so on. the effect will of course be higher.
    1. Intruder
      Intruder 28 September 2021 18: 38
      +4
      such a price of the device ($ 16), the return on the soldier is not very high, for special forces and so on. the effect will of course be higher.
      Specialists separately, they can themselves, and even allow them to acquire foreign weapons, but ordinary fighters need and not only him, without him at night, on patrol / secret ... not very much and "comfortably" to sit, but if there is no fog and the moon, then it is better to screw the 3rd generation thermal engine onto the module, at least in a monocular version ... and a laser rangefinder to a heap in the IR spectrum !?
      1. Azimuth
        Azimuth 28 September 2021 18: 51
        +1
        For the detection of a thermal imager (manual peeper). For identification and guidance of night vision devices in the form of a sight.
        1. Intruder
          Intruder 28 September 2021 18: 59
          +1
          For identification and guidance of night vision devices in the form of a sight.
          The headband is more convenient for observing and identifying a target, such as: even a PN-14k, with a pseudo-binocular, but you need an IR laser LTSU-range finder for the night and the target to illuminate the detected one ..., plus - a thermal device if there is not enough background illumination in poor weather conditions ...
          1. Azimuth
            Azimuth 28 September 2021 20: 50
            +3
            Yes, the forehead is comfortable, but soon you will become blind. If you remove the blackness before your eyes for another 5 minutes. Reduced vision is guaranteed with long-term use. Very tired eyes. My blood vessels ruptured in the eyeball, my vision fell. Constant wearing near the eyeball of a super-bright picture or short-term switching on of technology. The choice is for whom? For a soldier or a manufacturer? Although life is more important than vision IMHO.
            1. Intruder
              Intruder 29 September 2021 08: 23
              0
              but soon you will become blind. If you remove the blackness before your eyes for another 5 minutes. Reduced vision is guaranteed with long-term use.
              I agree, but here ... you need to look at what kind of matrix and backlight spectrum when worn for a long time ... and retinal illumination from night vision devices, these are all the "charms" of the early generations ... there was such a thing, I personally remember ... an optometrist, then the best doctor ... for the state account !!!
    2. Silver bullet
      Silver bullet 28 September 2021 18: 38
      0
      Agree. For scouts, special forces, special operations forces and object guards (Strategic Missile Forces, Air Force, Navy), a necessary thing, albeit expensive, and equipping the infantry is very expensive.
    3. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 28 September 2021 19: 58
      +5
      Quote: lucul
      Prices are high, because in fact there is a monopoly, until other manufacturers catch up, things will not get off the ground.
      For such a price of the device ($ 16), the return on the soldier is not very big, for special forces and so on. the effect will of course be higher.

      It can be cheaper.
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 29 September 2021 08: 16
        +1
        It can be cheaper.
        An interesting solution, but the dimensions and lateral ones at the cheekbones and on the helmet, it is no longer possible to climb in the stones and in the forest on green paint, all these cables will tear out and the connectors guaranteed will not survive for a long time) ... quickly deforms in real conditions !? Plus, and immediately a technical restriction ... this Israeli "machine, pseudo-binocular" monocular is more advantageous in work and for the convenience of a fighter ... in a wearable, "forehead" system!
        PS And raising the elbow above the helmet to control this "eyepiece" is generally the apotheosis of this development ...
      2. Intruder
        Intruder 29 September 2021 08: 25
        +1
        Why does this lady - at 2:27 am, keep her index finger on the trigger of her carbine !? For a video from a company of such a world-class level, an annoying fail !!! lol
    4. max702
      max702 28 September 2021 20: 12
      +2
      So that's what you need to supply to the army, and not about aircraft carriers ... just for the price of one, the entire army can be provided ..
  4. Intruder
    Intruder 28 September 2021 18: 34
    +3
    And the author, thanks for the article, pampers all of us ... with news from the world of military high-tech !!! drinks
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 28 September 2021 18: 46
      +5
      Yah. He is not attracted to high-tech. Just a planned update, night vision devices are already in service with various kinds of "prohibited". The IVAS system is much more interesting. It is integrated into the helmet, you can display images from any cameras / sights and transmit information from a soldier to commanders / command centers of any level.



      https://topwar.ru/181316-pehotnaja-sistema-dopolnennoj-realnosti-ivas-ssha.html
      1. Intruder
        Intruder 28 September 2021 19: 02
        0
        The IVAS system is much more interesting. It is integrated into the helmet, you can display images from any cameras / sights and transmit information from a soldier to commanders / command centers of any level.
        Colleague, you swung ... to carry such an expensive "chandelier" on the head ... of a private, and if in a building or in a forest there is a branch of it, it is easier to remove the head mount, on any helmet or on the head, with a pseudo-binocular and cheaper, so to speak!?
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 28 September 2021 19: 09
          +5
          I AM? They are planning to purchase 40 (more than 000 units were purchased for testing) IVAS kits. This is enough to equip all units that are actually fighting in direct contact. NVV will go to equip secondary and auxiliary units.
          1. Intruder
            Intruder 28 September 2021 19: 21
            -1
            The IVAS system is much more interesting. It is integrated into the helmet, you can display images from any cameras / sights and transmit information from a soldier to commanders / command centers of any level.
            Yours, or was it wrong in the morning !? wink
            This is enough to equip all units that are actually fighting in direct contact.
            for special operations, quite ... but, for light infantry and "sea cats" and others .. meaning !? It's better there, something light and cheaper by an order of magnitude, if the thermal imager is stuck on a pseudo-binocular - with 4-8x magnification and LCU - with a rangefinder, and even ... if, without telemetry in the tactical network, the RER is not asleep, but "connect" all fiber-optic lines, not very convenient in battle and the branches interfere !!! hi
            1. OgnennyiKotik
              OgnennyiKotik 28 September 2021 20: 21
              0
              Read about this system on English-language resources. This is a qualitatively different level. The ENVG-B NVG partially implements the IVAS functionality, which is partly true, an evolutionary transition is needed, but the future belongs to a fully integrated system. Already the "night light" in ENVG-B is not the main function, they will be used around the clock.
              Getting a picture directly by any soldier and officer from any unit is extremely important and useful. There are a lot of use cases. Receiving images from UAVs and robots, aiming artillery at the "eyes" of any combatant, direct online uploading of information to headquarters, operational command with loading a task for each soldier individually, etc.
              And electronic warfare is also a war, in which the task of winning is also not canceled.
              1. Intruder
                Intruder 29 September 2021 08: 11
                -1
                IVAS functionality
                since this summer, I have already read ... and I can say my personal opinion ... a chandelier with optical matrices, there is like a fifth leg, if this is an ordinary infantry unit, in difficult terrain, a tactical network is a bonus, but where to get away from air monitoring and control of its radiation on the ground with a cartographic reference for legal disputes later in the corridors of the UN, it is this clear target designation of who and where and when "works" in the field! The cost, the wildest ... the question of maintainability, is also shaky, so "treading in the corner" !? recourse
    2. Azimuth
      Azimuth 28 September 2021 18: 52
      -7
      Yes, the article is rotten. There is no analysis, comparison, tactics of application.
      1. cmax
        cmax 28 September 2021 19: 23
        +15
        Quote: Azimut
        Yes, the article is rotten. There is no analysis, comparison, tactics of application.

        With what to compare the respected, in the army, simple 3-5-fold optics on machine guns are mostly absent. Not all commandos have collimator sights. You will also compare one Su57 released with 700 F35 released to date.
        1. Azimuth
          Azimuth 28 September 2021 21: 06
          -2
          When PNV of the 3rd generation also used thermal imagers with different matrices with different characteristics, and I want to know what the new guy was doing there. In the article Nool. Ryabov only uses Google with spelling, no specifics. Well, make a comparison, go to the Hanse, there are reviews in bulk. And so is the composition of the Losers with signs of the Tex that has been torn off from the Losers.
  5. Paul_Zibert
    Paul_Zibert 28 September 2021 19: 10
    +3
    And the Russian special forces are buying American equipment.
    1. Firelake
      Firelake 28 September 2021 20: 56
      0
      This is different;)
  6. Alien From
    Alien From 28 September 2021 19: 14
    +6
    I managed to use the 3rd generation military NVG. Space to be honest ..... and these are probably even better. It's a shame for ours.
    1. Azimuth
      Azimuth 28 September 2021 21: 12
      +1
      The 3rd generation of image intensifier tubes based on gallium arsenide is produced in the Russian Federation. But the troops are not! Yes on tanks, armored personnel carriers, infantry fighting vehicles everywhere? I doubt.
    2. Tomich_1987
      Tomich_1987 29 September 2021 03: 14
      -1
      Who pays and orders music.
  7. Siegfried
    Siegfried 29 September 2021 03: 18
    +1
    this is a wake-up call. It is not difficult to imagine how the night shooting battle between the Marines with these goggles and our Airborne Forces, where the company only has a couple of nightlights, will end. It is the massive provision of nightlights that gives a huge advantage to the "Western" armies. The night light seems to be part of the warrior, but in fact equipping the units with such devices is not enough. And if you saturate the armies of the DPR and LPR with nightlights to the eyeballs, then the Armed Forces of Ukraine at the beginning of hostilities will also not seem a little.
  8. Tomich_1987
    Tomich_1987 29 September 2021 03: 36
    -3
    Quote: Siegfried
    And if you saturate the armies of the DPR and LPR with nightlights to the eyeballs

    At whose expense, excuse me?
  9. Sergey Averchenkov
    Sergey Averchenkov 29 September 2021 04: 08
    0
    I had a night vision device during the service (84-86), somewhat specific, but it had ... a range of about 5 meters. :) And in the darkroom is no longer needed. Objective control. :) But we did not use it - the man with this gadget on his head looked very strange. Worked in my opinion on the crown. Everything is green. :)
  10. Misha Khakimov
    Misha Khakimov 29 September 2021 08: 47
    0
    And in parts there will be no batteries, or they will calm down.
  11. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 29 September 2021 09: 28
    0
    So, soon from just resistance to the invaders and invaders, the aborigines will go on to hunt for such helmets and devices.