Military Review

Problems and solutions. Features of the development of the material part of the Vietnamese People's Army

49

Parade crew of VNA. Photo Wikimedia Commons


The Vietnamese People's Army (VNA) is one of the most numerous in Southeast Asia and is second only to individual developed countries in the region in terms of overall potential. This lag is due to several main factors. First of all, this is outdated materiel in all types of armed forces, the timely and full-scale renewal of which is impossible.

General indicators


According to The Military Balance 2021, the total strength of the Military Army currently exceeds 480. In addition, there is a reserve of approx. 5 million people Thus, in terms of the number of military personnel and reservists, Vietnam is second only to China, India, Indonesia and Thailand in its region.

In the current Global Firepower rating, Vietnam is ranked 24th with a score of 0,4189. This is significantly lower than the positions of China, India or Indonesia, but two lines higher than Thailand. It is noteworthy that in this rating the VNA bypasses the armed forces of many European states, incl. with a more developed economy and industry.

Problems and solutions. Features of the development of the material part of the Vietnamese People's Army
Tanks T-55 after local modernization, 2012 Photo Armyrecognition.com

Last year, Vietnam's defense budget reached VND 133 trillion (approx. US $ 5,68 billion). This is less than 1,7% of the gross domestic product. In 2019, 121 trillion dongs, or 1,6% of GDP, were allocated for defense needs. As practice shows, such a level of military spending allows maintaining indicators at the current level, but imposes serious restrictions on further development.

The basis of the VNA is the ground forces, including the so-called. The main forces (the army itself), Local forces and the People's Self-Defense Forces (various kinds of militias). Also, the armed forces include the Navy with the Marine Corps, Air Force and Air Defense Forces, coastal and border guards. All types of armed forces in general have an equal level of development of weapons and equipment. In the ranks there are modern samples of the main classes, but in quantitative terms, the basis of the weapons system remains outdated products.

Ground troops


The ground forces are the most numerous component of the VNA - more than 410 thousand people. They are divided between eight military districts and include a large number of different units and formations. All major branches of the armed forces are available, but their general capabilities are limited.


Fighter Su-30MK2. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of Vietnam

The situation with tanks demonstrates the characteristic problems of the VNA. In total, VNA has approx. 1400 cars of various models. Almost 1200 units. - Soviet-made T-54/55 and their Chinese counterparts "Type 59". In addition, a number of outdated T-34s remain in service (in training and coastal units). The newest are the T-90S of modern construction, but their purchases have so far been limited to 64 vehicles.

A similar situation is observed in protected infantry vehicles. Against the background of archaic BTR-152, BTR-50 or M113, even BMP-1/2 look like progressive and modern technology. At the same time, the number of obsolete armored personnel carriers exceeds 1100-1200 units, while the total BMP fleet is three times less.

Rocket forces and artillery still rely on towed systems - approx. 2300 dmg. different types and calibers. Self-propelled artillery is represented by 60-70 Soviet-made installations. There are also more than 700 multiple launch rocket systems, incl. 350 Grad products. Older self-propelled MLRS were sent for storage. Several 9K75 launchers have been retained.


One of the S-300PMU1 launchers received in the recent past. Photo by the Ministry of Defense of Vietnam

Military air defense has a characteristic appearance. It retains several thousand towed machine-gun and cannon installations of all the main "Soviet" calibers. There are also self-propelled guns "Shilka". More modern weapons are represented by Soviet and Russian-made MANPADS.

Naval forces


In recent decades, the VNA has taken noticeable measures to update the naval personnel of the Navy. The result was the emergence of modern submarines and surface ships with shock weapons, as well as an increase in combat effectiveness fleet... At the same time, a significant number of obsolete types of pennants remain in the combat composition, incl. in need of replacement.

The main and most expensive step in the modernization of the Navy was the purchase of Russian-built diesel-electric submarines, project 636, as well as the preparation of infrastructure for their operation. In 2014-17. The VNA fleet received six such ships, which occupied a special place in naval strategy.

In 2011 and 2018. Vietnam received two pairs of 11661E patrol boats. The possibility of building two more such ships was discussed. The received patrols, independently or together with other combat units, can operate in the near and far sea zones - and display the Vietnam flag in the disputed areas of the Pacific Ocean. At the same time, the presence of modern missile and artillery weapons makes such a demonstration more convincing.


Watchtower HQ-15 of the Soviet project 159. Photo Wikimedia Commons

The rest of the surface fleet is represented by ships and boats for various purposes of relatively large age. In the ranks there are 5 patrol boats of the Soviet pr. 159, various missile and artillery boats, landing boats, etc. Thus, of the 75 pennants of the surface forces, only a few can be considered modern and relevant to current requirements.

To solve the existing problems, a modernization program is being implemented from 2018, calculated until 2025. It provides for the reorganization of the structure of the Navy, the modernization of existing ships and the acquisition of new ones, etc. In the more distant future, it is planned to increase the number of surface forces.

Air Force and Air Defense


Renewal of the Air Force has also been one of the main goals of military development in recent decades. Thanks to this, it was possible to obtain not the most numerous, but modern and effective combat Aviation... An attempt was also made to renew the fleet of training aircraft. Other sectors were modernized whenever possible.

The Air Force retains 26 outdated Su-22 fighters of several modifications, but there are also newer Su-27s - 11 units, incl. combat training. In recent years, a fleet of 35 modern Su-30MK2 fighters has been created. In the near future, a major update is awaiting combat training aircraft. There is an order for 12 Yak-130 aircraft, which will be able to supplement and then replace the old L-39s.


Ships pr. 11661E, 2020 Photo Wikimedia Commons

Transport aviation is built on Soviet and Russian-made equipment, mostly of old types. For example, An-2 is still in operation. The helicopter fleet mainly consists of Mi-8/17 of different years of construction. At the same time, there are transport aircraft and helicopters of European and American production.

The basis of the country's air defense is 12 S-300PMU1 systems. Delivery of Israeli Spyder-MR is expected in the near future. Also, the outdated S-75 and S-125 are still in service. As in the military air defense, there are artillery systems of different calibers, including. self-propelled.

Constraints and development


The main problem of the Vietnamese armed forces at the moment is the high percentage of obsolete models, which imposes serious restrictions on the possible level of potential and defense capability. At the same time, the military and political leadership of the country is well aware of this and is taking the necessary measures.

In 2019, a new "White Book" was adopted, defining the main ways of military organizational development and development of the military aviation. Also, several different kinds of rearmament programs have been launched, both in accordance with the White Paper and before its appearance. It is expected that in the medium and long term they will give a noticeable result, and by the beginning of the thirties the appearance of the VNA will change significantly.


Launch of the Kalibr rocket by the Vietnamese submarine, project 636. Photo Baodatviet.vn

However, the rapid and complete achievement of such results continues to be hampered by several inherent factors. Thus, the defense budget of Vietnam has only recently reached the level of 1,6-1,7 percent. from GDP, which is not enough for a quick and high-quality rearmament. This issue is further complicated by import dependency. Own production capabilities are limited, and the creation of entire industries within a reasonable time frame is simply impossible.

The states-producers of weapons and equipment take into account all these circumstances and are already offering their products to Vietnam. At any time, there may be new messages about the purchase of certain foreign products. It is very likely that some of these orders will be received by Russian enterprises, which will be facilitated by the countries' long-standing military-technical ties and extensive experience in operating our samples.

Thus, at the moment, the general condition of the material part of the VNA leaves much to be desired. It threatens the general defense capability and the ability to fully resist the likely adversaries of its region. However, according to the strength and capabilities, the necessary steps are being taken. How effective they will be - especially given the fact that other countries are not going to stand still - time will tell.
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  1. certero
    certero 18 September 2021 04: 29
    0
    Vietnam is in a very difficult situation. Since, on the one hand, it needs to have a sufficiently large army to resist, if necessary, its neighbors on land, on the other hand, we need to have protection from "democratization" by Western countries, and for this we need a powerful air defense system. And there are simply no resources for all this.
    1. Proxima
      Proxima 18 September 2021 06: 17
      +1
      The strength of the army is not measured by a single weapon. The fighting spirit, traditions, and the quality of the soldier are also important. And the traditions of the Vietnamese army oh what! fellow From Vietnam, the French took turns, then the United States, then China twice. As for the materiel, Vietnam will undoubtedly tighten it up. The economy of the new Asian dragon is developing at a more than rapid pace, so the defense industry will undoubtedly be unfastened. good
      1. Flooding
        Flooding 18 September 2021 06: 46
        0
        Quote: Proxima
        The strength of the army is not measured by a single weapon. The fighting spirit, traditions, and the quality of the soldier are also important. And the traditions of the army of Vietnam oh what

        in livej the antinormanist has a good article about the Vietnamese special forces-sappers
        Currently, the sapper forces (bin tung zak kong) of the VNA number about 10 thousand people and are directly subordinate to the general staff.
        The commander of the force is Lieutenant General Do Thanh Binh, and the political commissar is Senior Colonel Le Thanh Ha.

        read more at https://antinormanist.livejournal.com/240627.html
        1. timokhin-aa
          timokhin-aa 18 September 2021 10: 35
          +3
          Not zak kong a duck kong
          1. Flooding
            Flooding 18 September 2021 12: 30
            0
            Quote: timokhin-aa
            Not zak kong a duck kong

            I will not argue
            I'm not an author
      2. vladcub
        vladcub 18 September 2021 17: 32
        0
        For any army, military traditions and training of a soldier are the most important
      3. isv000
        isv000 20 September 2021 18: 52
        0
        Quote: Proxima
        The economy of the new Asian dragon is developing at a more than rapid pace, so the defense industry will undoubtedly be unfastened.

        That is why mattresses are being reoriented to the Asia-Pacific region, while the main players in decrepit Europe are entering a protracted dive, from which they may not be able to emerge ...
    2. VicktorVR
      VicktorVR 18 September 2021 07: 42
      +1
      From the article, I understood that the Vietnamese are trying to have balanced armed forces - the nearest neighbors can be opposed by the amount with outdated weapons and equipment (the neighbors are likely to come with this), and for others there is a limited amount of quite modern weapons, which are in capable hands and if motivated, it will provide "unacceptable losses" to the aggressor.
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 18 September 2021 17: 36
        0
        "trying to have a balanced aircraft" is a very sensible approach
    3. knn54
      knn54 18 September 2021 08: 39
      0
      Vietnamese craftsmen "crossed" the Soviet anti-aircraft gun AZP-57 of 57 mm caliber with the American M101 howitzer of 105 mm caliber, whose two-wheeled carriage is distinguished by better mobility and smaller dimensions compared to the four-wheeled carriage of the Soviet anti-aircraft gun.
      The product is planned to combat ground targets
      "Completing" more than half a century. We have to "spin".
    4. Terran ghost
      Terran ghost 18 September 2021 08: 52
      +1
      from the Western countries and this requires the most powerful air defense

      Since the 1980s, Vietnam has quite good neighborly relations with the United States and has no "geopolitical" ambitions as such.
      1. isv000
        isv000 20 September 2021 19: 00
        -1
        Quote: Terran Ghost
        Since the 1980s, Vietnam has quite good neighborly relations with the United States and has no "geopolitical" ambitions as such.

        ... good neighborly relations with the United States ... laughing Don't tell my horseshoes! Trusting the United States means not respecting yourself, and you can hardly trust their neighbors: the distance between Hanoi and Washington is 13361 km = 8302 miles. Yes, Vietnam builds economic relations with mattresses, but they keep their holes clean ... bully
  2. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 18 September 2021 04: 38
    +6
    At one time, Israel took part in the modernization of the Vietnamese T-55. The tanks were equipped with a simple protection against HEAT shells that proved to be effective in past wars - gratings and chains with balls. The tanks also received enhanced armor for the front of the hull and turret, a digital fire control system with a laser rangefinder, a set of various sensors and a thermal imager. The means of communication were replaced, a high-speed fire protection appeared.
  3. Graz
    Graz 18 September 2021 05: 19
    +1
    with a defense budget of about $ 7 billion, having an army of 480k is a luxury. for good with such numbers, the regular army should be less than 100k people
    1. Flooding
      Flooding 18 September 2021 06: 27
      +1
      Quote: Graz
      with a defense budget of about $ 7 billion, having an army of 480k is a luxury. for good with such numbers, the regular army should be less than 100k people

      cancel the call and switch to a contract basis?
      it will be a completely different army. not folk.
      1. Terran ghost
        Terran ghost 18 September 2021 08: 53
        -1
        a completely different army. not folk

        In the sense of "not popular"? In the event of the transition of the Vietnamese Armed Forces to the entirely contractual principle of manning, they will also be formed from Vietnamese citizens, only who have deliberately chosen military service as a profession for themselves.
        1. Flooding
          Flooding 18 September 2021 08: 59
          +6
          Quote: Terran Ghost
          In the sense of "not popular"? In the event of the transition of the Vietnamese Armed Forces to the entirely contractual principle of manning, they will also be formed from Vietnamese citizens

          when almost every man serves on the conscription - this is the people
          when individual citizens under a contract are definitely not a people
          Is the police in Russia national?
          1. I am not a robot
            I am not a robot 18 September 2021 10: 07
            0
            well, it turns out that the police in all countries are not national
            1. Flooding
              Flooding 18 September 2021 10: 08
              0
              Quote: Janerobot
              well, it turns out that the police in all countries are not national

              I don’t presume to judge everyone
              1. I am not a robot
                I am not a robot 18 September 2021 10: 32
                0
                when almost every man serves on the conscription - this is the people
                when individual citizens under a contract are definitely not a people
                police of all countries
                1. Flooding
                  Flooding 18 September 2021 12: 27
                  +1
                  Quote: Janerobot
                  police of all countries

                  for example, the Soviet militia was the people's
                  because the state was popular
                  1. I am not a robot
                    I am not a robot 18 September 2021 15: 47
                    0
                    the police were not conscripts
                    1. Flooding
                      Flooding 18 September 2021 15: 49
                      +3
                      Quote: Janerobot
                      the police were not conscripts

                      Certainly. but in the people's state both the army and the militia were popular.
                      1. I am not a robot
                        I am not a robot 18 September 2021 16: 14
                        +1
                        well, such a great country as the USSR no longer exists, so I wrote about the police of the countries that exist,
                  2. isv000
                    isv000 20 September 2021 19: 12
                    0
                    Quote: Flood
                    for example, the Soviet militia was the people's

                    Our militia protects me - first they put me in prison, then they guard me ... laughing
        2. Maki Avellevich
          Maki Avellevich 18 September 2021 17: 58
          +2
          Quote: Terran Ghost
          In the sense of "not popular"? In the event of the transition of the Vietnamese Armed Forces to the entirely contractual principle of manning, they will also be formed from Vietnamese citizens, only who have deliberately chosen military service as a profession for themselves.

          there is a people's army - to serve there is not so much a duty but honor and your own desire.
          all walks of life are represented, resulting in a high average level of soldiers.
          it also contributes to a better social atmosphere in society.
          in such an army, young people and of extremely different socioeconomic strata recognize each other. that does not go outside the army.
          the lack of a professional army is, first of all, a relatively low average level of conscripts.
  4. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 18 September 2021 07: 06
    +4
    As the saying goes, "poor, but neat." Considering the fighting qualities of the Vietnamese fighters, the Vietnamese army is a serious force in the region. And weapons, even obsolete ones, in skilled hands are no less deadly than the most modern ones.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 18 September 2021 07: 59
      0
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      And weapons, even obsolete ones, in skilled hands are no less deadly than the most modern ones.

      Everything has its own term and limit! Everything has a beginning and an end!
      1. Mountain shooter
        Mountain shooter 18 September 2021 09: 07
        +3
        Quote: Nikolaevich I
        Everything has its own term and limit! Everything has a beginning and an end!

        A hundred-year-old Mosinka with optics less deadly than a fancy Remington? In skillful hands - not at all ... Skillfully use the weapon that you have. And the enemy will feel bad ...
        1. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 18 September 2021 10: 48
          -7
          So why, then, the "mosinka with optics" was not left in service. As the only one in its "category" ?! And they took first the SVD, and now the microwave!
          1. Mountain shooter
            Mountain shooter 18 September 2021 16: 22
            +2
            Quote: Nikolaevich I
            So why, then, the "mosinka with optics" was not left in service. As the only one in its "category" ?! And they took first the SVD, and now the microwave!

            Did I write about this? If there is no money for SVD, but there is a well-groomed "Mosinka", then it will do. Not a caramultuk, after all.
          2. isv000
            isv000 20 September 2021 19: 16
            0
            Quote: Nikolaevich I
            So why, then, the "mosinka with optics" was not left in service. As the only one in its "category" ?! And they took first the SVD, and now the microwave!

            We still have a lot of Maxims and Mausers in our warehouses! .. yes
    2. Flooding
      Flooding 18 September 2021 09: 24
      +4
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      As the saying goes, "poor, but neat"

      agree
      I look at photographs of thirty-fours, old saues, guns from the Second World War, and they do not make me smile condescendingly
      only respect
      like a well-groomed father's gun in the hands of a skilled shooter
      it is a pity that Russia has relations with Vietnam not at their peak
    3. Region-25.rus
      Region-25.rus 18 September 2021 10: 18
      +1
      As the saying goes, "poor, but neat."
      shot of course a long time ago (2003) but so, for illustration. KFOR in the plant. Saigon (Ho Chi Minh)

      and even a landing barge as a tug)))
    4. isv000
      isv000 20 September 2021 19: 13
      0
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      And weapons, even obsolete ones, in skilled hands are no less deadly than the most modern ones.

      With a crossbow, a good shooter can do a lot of mischief, and silently ... hi
  5. The comment was deleted.
  6. certero
    certero 18 September 2021 08: 29
    +3
    Quote: Proxima
    The strength of the army is not measured by a single weapon. The fighting spirit, traditions, and the quality of the soldier are also important. And the traditions of the Vietnamese army oh what!

    You read your comment and go nuts. Did the Vietnamese shoot down American planes with slingshots? Or is it still missiles and anti-aircraft guns delivered from the Soviet Union and on airplanes delivered from the same place? It is stupid to deny the presence of the fighting spirit of the Vietnamese soldiers, but without modern technology they would not have fought a lot.
    1. isv000
      isv000 20 September 2021 19: 19
      0
      Quote: certero
      You read your comment and go nuts. Did the Vietnamese shoot down American planes with slingshots? Or is it still missiles and anti-aircraft guns delivered from the Soviet Union and on airplanes delivered from the same place?

      You're right. Air Force pilot Li Xi Qing and SAM operator Xi Ni Qing gave McCain a lot of trouble ... lol
  7. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 18 September 2021 08: 54
    0
    There is a feeling that Vietnam, in the near future, will quickly increase its state budget, and with it its military potential. Why? Because the last five to seven years, the cost of labor in the PRC has been growing rapidly (as well as the scientific and technical base), while the mass and relatively simple (technologically) assembly production confidently wanders to Vietnam. These are relatively complex electronics, and simpler household electrical goods, and (oddly enough) many global brands of clothing and footwear.
    There is nowhere else (in that region) to transport factories, since everywhere (except North Korea) the cost and standard of living are much higher.
    Of course, Vietnam is unlikely to ever compare in terms of economy with the PRC, even at the 10% level. But they don’t need it. The country is small and in some kind of special territorial ambitions, it seems, it is not noticed, it would be to keep its own.
    A bit sorry for this, lost in the dashing 90s, a springboard. But these are questions of big politics, where not everything is as clear and unambiguous as it seems when looking out of your kitchen window.
  8. gorenina91
    gorenina91 18 September 2021 09: 01
    +2
    - Say what you like; but it is Vietnam that is the only real ally ... - the ally of Russia "against China" ...
    - Moreover, in this matter, Vietnam can become an ally of Russia; and the United States ... - But the fact that Vietnam will never become a "military ally" of China ... is more than obvious ... - the entire history of Vietnam's existence (in all centuries) is based on Vietnam's constant military opposition to China .. ...
    - And today little has changed in this regard ... - No, of course ... - today Vietnam and China have quite normal trade and economic business relations, and so on; but no more ... - And the entire army and the entire military potential of Vietnam today are aimed precisely at repelling possible aggression from China ... - And Vietnam simply has no other potential adversaries ...
    - Today Vietnam can be compared with Belarus; which Russia can hope for in the event of aggression from the western direction by the NATO alliance ...
    - Well, Vietnam ... is a kind of "Belarus", but in case of aggression from China from the Asian direction ...
    - For this reason, Russia today simply needs to make efforts for closer cooperation with Vietnam ... - And do not spare funds for this ... - Of course ... - it is very costly for Russia ... a naval base in Cam Ranh ... - Vietnam is asking for a very substantial sum for all this ... - But this is simply necessary ... - Russia simply no longer has real allies against China in the Asian region ... - Asian "allied limitrophes" , CSTO members ... - it's just laughter ... - these "allies" will surrender Russia at the first "opportunity" ....
    - That's why ... - Today Russia should spare no expense and equip Vietnam with more modern weapons; provide loans to Vietnam for this ... - And ... as soon as possible "negotiate" with Vietnam "about" the base in Cam Ranh ...
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 18 September 2021 12: 44
      0
      The Russian-language versions of the Chinese and Vietnamese official news agencies also contain information about regular contacts between the CPC and the CPV, about visits by party delegations. The Vietnamese have great respect for the experience of Chinese reforms in the economy. Paradoxically, despite the territorial problems, the tone of Vietnamese propaganda towards the PRC and the CCP is rather respectful and benevolent. The same can be said about the attitude of the Chinese propaganda towards Vietnam and the CPV.
      1. gorenina91
        gorenina91 18 September 2021 13: 19
        +1
        the tone of Vietnamese propaganda towards the PRC and the CCP is rather respectful and benevolent

        - So what ... - So what ???
        - Today the Vietnamese even more respect Americans than Russians ... -And the Vietnamese communists have a good attitude towards ... towards ... towards the communists of the USSR ... - And what is that of them ??? - What's the use of this "phantom love" ??? - And young people and middle-aged people ... - the inhabitants of Vietnam today more "respect" the Americans (and this is after all that the Americans have done in Vietnam) than the Russians ... - And they (the Vietnamese) today say that, they say ... - why did the Russians climb to them with their help during the war between the Saigon and Vietnamese and ... - they say ... they (the Vietnamese) could speak freely today in English and would have lived much better ... - if the Russians would not have climbed to help them ... - This is such a paradox ...
        - And today the Vietnamese and Chinese "smile" at each other ... - purely for "commercial gain" ...
        1. Sergej1972
          Sergej1972 18 September 2021 13: 30
          +1
          In fact, Vietnamese citizens of the SRV (and not emigrants) for such conversations or posts on the Internet will be sent to correctional camps. You forget that the leading force in the country is the CPV, which does not question the importance of helping the USSR during the war. And which very strictly monitors the mood in society.
  9. Terran ghost
    Terran ghost 18 September 2021 09: 05
    0
    This represents less than 1,7% of the gross domestic product. In 2019, 121 trillion dongs, or 1,6% of GDP, were allocated for defense needs. As practice shows, such a level of military spending allows maintaining indicators at the current level, but imposes serious restrictions on further development.

    Such a level of military spending (1,6-2 percent of GDP) makes it possible not to overload the economy with them, ensuring its growth (and due to this growth - an increase in the well-being of citizens). At the same time, as the economy grows, so does military spending.
  10. marat2016
    marat2016 18 September 2021 10: 12
    +1
    Vietnam imports after 1992:
    SV:
    T-90S \ SK 64sht
    "Guardian" (LME from the UAE) ... pcs
    "Caesar" (SAU-plan 108pcs)
    Air Defense:
    "Spider" - 20 pieces
    "Igla-S" (200 PU + 1800 SAM) LICENSE
    "Needle" (100pcs from the DPRK)
    S-300PMU1 - 2 DN incl. 150pcs SAM "48N6E"
    "Chain mail" - 4 pieces
    Air Force:
    Su-30MK2 36pcs
    Su-27SK \ UBK 15pcs
    MiG-21UM 6pcs
    Su-22M4 40pcs
    Su-22UM3 5pcs
    Su-17 8pcs
    Yak-130 12pcs
    L-39NG 12pcs
    L-139 10pcs
    L-39C 10pcs
    Ka-32 2pcs
    Mi-17 ... pcs
    R-27 - 114 pieces
    FLEET:
    DPL pr.06361 - 6pcs
    SMPL type "Sang-O" - 2 pieces
    SKR pr.11661 - 4 pieces
    Corvette Corvette type Pohang-2 pieces from RK.
    RCA pr.1241R \ A, 2 pcs.
    RKA pr.12418 - 10pcs LICENSE
    SKA pr.10412 - 10pcs
    DKA pr.21820 "Dugong" - 1pc
    "Super Puma" 2pcs (helicopters for the Navy).
    "Bastion" - 3 DN BPKRK
    "Uran-E" 400pcs LICENSE
  11. Olgerd Gediminovich
    Olgerd Gediminovich 19 September 2021 09: 58
    0
    Quote: Al_lexx
    There is nowhere else (in that region) to transport factories, since everywhere (except North Korea) the cost and standard of living are much higher.

    There is also poor Laos. But there is a rather primitive way of life. No infrastructure. And there are no seaports. Therefore, it is still waiting in the wings.
  12. Diverter
    Diverter 19 September 2021 22: 37
    +1
    my deep couch opinion.

    Vietnam. Transfer the Cam Ranh base to the use of the Russian Federation.
    RF. Pay rent for the base with military equipment.

    For example. On the BHVT, we have a lot of T 64. This tank of the Russian army is not needed at all. I think it's a very good idea to send as payment instead of cutting. There are also many Motolygs, BRDM. There is a BMD-1 and an armored personnel carrier based on it.

    It will be good for us and they will like it with weapons and military equipment of this level.
  13. Gueuze Ulenspiegel
    Gueuze Ulenspiegel 20 September 2021 12: 32
    0
    Interesting, informational and intelligible. Thanks.
  14. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 9 November 2021 17: 00
    -1
    The main force of the VNA is ground forces and their artillery. There it is necessary to throw a resource and I think they do it. We need more MLRS, including large calibers, Iskander missiles, krylate missiles, drones of all kinds, ATGM and MANPADS, etc.
    Six submarines of project 636 is a force and is completely enough for the Navy, the purpose of which is to defend its coast.
    If you need to buy something, then baby submarines 200-300 tons, rocket boats, sea mines and coastal anti-ship missiles.
    In aviation and air defense, the main novelty is air defense systems of all types from the Pantsir to the S-400 and more any UAVs, in that old aircraft will be converted into UAVs.
  15. NSV
    NSV 18 November 2021 07: 57
    -1
    Well done! On the map, you will not immediately find)), but the army is respected!