A dog's life in the American army
For the second week, the domestic media has been haunted by the evacuation of their service dogs from Afghanistan by the Americans. Some are ironic, others are indignant.
Why were the dogs taken out and the loyal American henchmen left to be devoured by the Taliban?
All service dogs in the US Armed Forces are full-time military personnel with the rank of sergeant or higher.
All dogs on duty are non-commissioned officers. This practice began as a means of deterring curators (guides, handlers) from mistreating them, as they are assigned a higher rank than their partner.
Because they are superior to their handler, disciplinary action against anyone who mistreats them will be significant, which will help ensure that service dogs are well cared for.
Therefore, of course, according to American law, dogs have priority for evacuation from a war zone in comparison with Afghan or other other civilians, foreigners.
Moreover, the dogs were evacuated even before the mass crush of people, clinging to the landing gear and wings of aircraft, began at the airport of the capital of Afghanistan.
And they flew formally, in accordance with their military position, in chairs on board a special flight between servicemen and employees of the embassy.
After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the US Army received the first nine American-trained guard dogs.
Of these nine dogs, the United States Army Canine Corps (K-9) was formed. Before the end of the war, its population increased to more than 10 dogs.
The world knows almost nothing about many heroes; about heroes who save the lives of soldiers at the cost of their lives; about heroes who melt rough male hearts, hardened by war; about heroes who inspire the soldiers with inspiration and courage with their devotion and loyalty.
They have a long and varied history of service in the United States.
When most people think of modern military service dogs, they can imagine the Belgian Malinois sniffing out mines and bombs at a forward operating base somewhere overseas. This is one aspect of the job, but it is far from the only task that military service dogs perform, and it is far from the only type of military service dogs that serve the American state.
Dogs have long served in the US military.
During the First World War he became famous Stubby the dog is the living mascot of the 102nd Infantry Division... With his bark, he warned of approaching enemies and gas attacks. For this, the dog was promoted to sergeant and awarded a medal.
And after the First World War the mascot of the United States Marine Corps is the bulldog.
Traditionally, the American military prefers to recruit dogs of several breeds.
Initially, the rule was introduced that all dogs on urgent service receive a military rank: the army accounting department counted them as privates.
Today, there are about two thousand dogs in the US military service. The cost, for example, of a sapper dog who has completed a full training course, reaches 150 thousand dollars. However, the military believes that they are invaluable: after all, such dogs are capable of detecting up to 98% of explosive devices.
All military service dogs and their handlers are trained by the 341st Training Squadron located at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas.
About 10 percent of the Department of Defense's military service dogs are bred in Lakeland. The rest were purchased from about 30 suppliers in the United States and abroad.
Why not replace them with humans or machines?
In short, it would be practically impossible.
These dogs are a terrific asset. Many scientists over the years have tried to replicate the abilities of these dogs. In vain! Their olfactory glands are 10 times more sensitive than any piece of equipment we've been able to develop. So the job of looking for explosives or drugs will never be replaced. robot.
There are also intangible considerations: Military service dogs are valuable companions for their trainers and compatriots, and the bond they share with their fellow humans often lasts long after the dog has completed its service life.
Breeds and specialties
While German Shepherds and Belgian Malinois are the two most common breeds of working dogs, there are other breeds in the K-9 program to suit different tasks and conditions.
The two main targets of military service dogs - is the detection of drugs, explosives or people; and patrolling. Many dogs in the Department of Defense program have a dual purpose and can perform both basic tasks.
The Military Service Dog Program is based at Lackland Air Force Base in Texas with the 341st Training Battalion, where puppies receive intensive training in obedience and military skills, as well as working together with their owners. Only about 50% successfully complete their studies.
Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, Texas has trained guard dogs since 1958.
Military service dogs are not only chosen for their breeding or keen sense of smell, they must possess several other qualities. They should not have physical problems (such as hip dysplasia) and be motivated to reward.
Dogs suitable for military service
As with all areas of the American military, there are certain individuals who have achieved fame for their heroic and intelligent service. War dogs are no exception.
One of the most famous military service dogs is the German Shepherd Laika, which protected its trainer from an explosion and lost a leg but survived.
In 2011, another war dog was attached to a bulletproof vest and taken by helicopter to a secret complex in Pakistan. There, the dog helped the Navy SEAL team put an end to one of the largest human hunting cases in stories humanity and kill Osama bin Laden.
The dog was not alone, but it was she who distinguished himself.
In addition, the Americans received the first pictures of the mansion in Abbottabad with the help of another highly sensitive video camera mounted in a dog's helmet and allowing people to see everything that the dog sees.
Another dog pursued ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in 2019which led to the death of al-Baghdadi when he detonated the suicide vest he was wearing. The dog was injured in the explosion, but has since returned to service. The dog's identity is kept secret, even though the dog is called a hero, and a picture of it was tweeted by President Donald Trump, who named him Conan.
But where is Trump and his account now?
There is also a photo not found by the author. Therefore, I bring a photo archive, with another hero.
After that, dog breeders in the United States reported a rapid rise in prices for the Malinois breed, one of which participated in a special operation to destroy the number one terrorist.
Dogs serving as part of the elite army rangers may soon receive new tactical vests and additional equipment for completing tasks.
The US Army Special Operations Command is looking for ideas to equip the dogs of the 75th Ranger Regiment with improved vests, wearable sensors and video cameras.
This dog training program is called Multipurpose Tactical Gear (MPC).
Command is committed to giving dogs tactical vests, which, for example, will help them carry out missions with the rangers in a helicopter.
They will also be designed to help leverage support for lower-level missions, such as compatibility with a new wearable video camera system that can provide real-time footage.
The Rangers Regimental Canine Program trains versatile dogs and their trainers. They possess a range of skills to support vital ranger combat operations in often challenging environments.
Military service dogs are used for a variety of roles including tactical operations, patrolling, detection, and specialized search.
Until now, available hearing protection systems have been rigid, cumbersome, and difficult to install on a dog, with limited effectiveness in canine hearing protection testing.
The system uses lightweight, high-quality sound-absorbing materials to block unwanted sounds. Unlike conventional canine hearing protectors, this solution is made from flexible materials that conform to the unique shape of the dog's head. This flexibility ensures proper sealing around the ear and maximum noise cancellation.
The headgear, which resembles a tight-fitting hood, evenly distributes the pressure needed to hold the hearing protector in place, avoiding the problems of harness. It is also compatible with other equipment used by service dogs, such as goggles.
Virtual reality glasses
Trainers give commands to dogs using commands, gestures or a laser pointer, but in all these cases, a line of sight between the person and the dog is required.
Command Sight has developed augmented reality glasses for service dogs under contract with the US Army Research Laboratory.
The development of the Command Sight company is intended to eliminate this disadvantage. The new technology is based on augmented reality glasses that simulate control by means of a laser pointer. Thanks to this device, the trainer will be able to remotely give commands to the dog by remotely indicating the target on the camera glasses.
Universal combat harness
The harness was specially designed by K9 Storm, Inc. Besides the ability to parachute, the harness provides the dog with Kevlar armor and many other benefits.
Eric Barrios, canine handler of the 36th Security Forces Battalion, received a Combat Medal for his actions during an ambush on his patrol team while serving with U.S. Army Special Forces, 3rd SWAT Team, Task Force Alpha from Fort Bragg, North Caroline. After the battle, Sergeant Barrios and his military service dog Rex discovered a small weapons cache of five AK-47s, an ammunition vest containing 200 rounds of ammunition, and a bag containing six RPG missiles.
Marines and their service dogs during special training at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune.
What is special about the canine squads used in fur seals is the way they are trained.
All Navy SEAL dogs undergo intensive training to meet the challenges of their fellow humans.
Special Operations Forces dogs are overwhelmingly chosen from one breed - the Belgian Malinois. Only 1% of candidate dogs are fully trained.
The elite seals of the US Navy use the Belgian Malinois, a breed similar to the German Shepherd Dog but smaller in size. These dogs are incredibly compact and fast, with 40 times more sense of smell than humans. Their small stature makes them ideal for skydiving and repelling missions with their handlers.
• These dogs are trained to shoot, descend from helicopters, ride a Zodiac boat or even skydive.
• In total, dogs and their training cost up to $ 40 each.
War dogs and their trainers play a vital role, especially in covert operations. But when these missions take place a few miles from the base, you have to jump with a parachute.
The dog is in a bag called a flight capsule. This capsule rests on a shell-shaped tray.
Once on the ground, an extremely ingenious system allows the flight capsule to "open like a flower and release the dog in less than 10 seconds after landing."
And this fighter is already going to the defendant.
A U.S. soldier trains with a military service dog during a joint medical evacuation exercise involving pilots, sailors and soldiers at Ali Al Salem Air Force Base in Kuwait.
Scientists from the CBC Combat Capability Development Center are working in partnership with the University of Pennsylvania and various dog training institutions to continue research on how dogs can help combat COVID-19 and other chemical biological threats.
The center's scientists say these dogs are capable of detecting a COVID-19 positive person a few days before a rapid test does.
In the fall of 2020, a team of employees completed the first phase of the study, during which they collected urine and saliva samples from a person who tested positive and negative for COVID-19.
The scientists needed to find dogs that were agitated and motivated enough to smell VOCs, but focused enough to get the job done. At the beginning of the project, eight dogs were selected and entered the second phase. There are seven Labradors and one Belgian Malinois between the ages of 2 and 7. Dogs come from all over the United States, and there is even a dog from Mexico.
Detector dogs were selected based on a number of criteria, one of which was how motivated they were to smell COVID-19 (some other dogs did not want to do this in principle).
Scientists at the center hope to harness the power of dogs in an environment where large groups of people gather, including large ships, educational institutions, and events such as the graduation ceremony at the United States Military Academy.
Titles and awards
In addition to titles, dogs are awarded some of the most impressive medals and military honors. One of the highest ranking dogs sergeant (this is the rank) by name Major Fosco (this is the nickname), who was one of the first to perform a tandem jump from the air with his handler, 1st Sergeant Lalonde on September 18, 2009.
Sergeant Yeager, an explosives detection dog for the Marine Corps, took part in nearly 100 combat patrols and was given a Purple Heart following an IED blast in Afghanistan in 2012.
Traditionally, as in World War II, American K-9s returned home after the war to their former owners or new adopters.
The Vietnam War was notable for the fact that American fighting dogs were "designated as disposable equipment" and were either euthanized or transferred to the Allied army prior to the US withdrawal from South Vietnam.
Since the Robbie Act was passed in 2000, all war dogs are eligible for adoption at the end of their service life.
Adoption of a military service dog
Retired military dogs or those not fit for life in the military make excellent pets and are available for adoption.
Fortunately, they are very popular and over 90% of them have been adopted by their former curators. There is a waiting list, but those who wish can contact the US Combat Dogs Association.
There are now long lines of civilians who want to give these veterans a loving home in which to retreat.
Memory of heroes
The inscription from the memorial in memory of the fighting dogs of the Second World War ...
Created in their memory and on behalf of the surviving soldiers of the 2nd and 3rd platoons of sea battle dogs, many of whom owe their lives to the courage and self-sacrifice of these brave animals.
End of the road
If a war dog dies in battle, he is honored by the entire squad. The feeding utensils are symbolically placed upside down, and the poem "Guardians of the Night" is read in their honor ...
I will protect you until my last breath
when everyone else leaves you and the loneliness of the night draws near
I'll be there for you.
Together we will overcome all obstacles and find
those who wish to harm others.
All I ask of you is compassion, caring touch
your hands. For your sake, I will give my life unselfishly ...
My days are measured by your comings and goings.
I wait for them every time I open the door.
When I am sick, you are the voice of caring. The voice of authority
when I did wrong.
I will quietly listen to you and not make judgments, and your
the spoken words will not be repeated.
I will always be silent, always alert, always faithful.
And when our time together is over and you continue your journey through the world,
remember me with good thoughts ...
- Sergey Ivanov ([email protected])
- ABC News, wikimedia.org, popsci.com, barkpost.com, media-be.chewy.com, sandboxx.us, army.mil, insider.com
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