"Worst travel in the world": Britain honored the memory of the first Arctic convoy in the USSR
The nearly 3000 sailors who sacrificed their lives to deliver vital aid to the Soviet Union between 1941 and 1945 are commemorated at St. Nicholas Parish Church in Liverpool.
- indicated on the official website of the Royal fleet.
The mission, which began on 12 August 1941 with the first Operation Dervish convoy sailing from Mersey, was dubbed by Winston Churchill "the worst voyage in the world."
The ceremony, among other high-ranking officials, was attended by representatives of the Ministry of Defense, Foreign Affairs, military representatives of Russia, the United States and Canada - the ships and personnel of the last two countries took part in the convoys.
- said one of the ministers.
As noted, the well-guarded first convoy reached the north of the USSR without incident, as it caught the Germans by surprise and they made no attempt to attack it. But many of the subsequent 77 convoys were attacked and came within reach of German submarines and bombers based in occupied Norway.
16 warships from the British Navy were lost, and 85 of the 1400 merchant ships that took part in the Arctic campaigns were sunk, which is 17 times higher than in the Atlantic campaign. More than 800 merchant sailors were killed.
- indicated on the website of the Royal Navy.
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