Military Review

Tashkent. August 2021. Memory of the Great Patriotic War

33
I have long wanted to write an article about the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, opened in Tashkent in May 2020. Just got ready and here's your time - the spirit of the times, fell ill with the coronavirus. I had fever for a week - it worked out, I easily endured it, I didn't even get sick "seriously and for a long time." So, during my short illness, it was August.


I sit and think, what should I devote this article to?

Maybe the Battle of Smolensk in August 1941, when two armies under the command of Rokossovsky (16th and 20th) broke through the encirclement front in the hardest battles?

Or remember the Kiev defensive operation?

Or the battles on the outskirts of Stalingrad, in the North Caucasus in August 1942? August 1943, the liberation of Kharkov, the battles on the Mius Front, the Kursk offensive operation? August 44th, August 45th - access to the state border of the USSR, offensive operations in Manchuria?

It's all ours история... The very mistress of the past, of our memory, pride in our ancestors.

Perhaps all these historical events have already been described by much more professional comrades than me. And the landing on Musta-Tunturi, and the Yasso-Kishinev operation, and many, many other episodes of that, the most terrible war in the history of our peoples.

And I will just try to show you how the memory of those times is kept here, in Tashkent.

Just like a theater begins with a coat rack, a museum begins with an entrance.


The entrance, of course, is the side one - not the main one, but for me it is quite nice. Once the district administration was located on the territory of the museum, and there was a lone monument to Major General Sabir Rakhimov. Now the monument was turned into the Mound of Glory, and a bronze sculptural composition - "Warriors-winners" was installed next to the military general.


The Red Army and the commanders of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army deservedly took their place next to the commander. Directly under the mound, on which the bronze warriors were housed, the main exposition of the museum is located - but we will come there a little later. In the meantime, the bas-reliefs.



And this is the main alley of the museum, it starts from the fountain made in the form of the Order of Victory (alas, it was shot during the day, and therefore the fountain is unattractive. But at night, with lighting and the play of jets of water, it is magnificent).


Historians argue and argue - who started that war?

They are trying to reconsider some events - to justify certain countries in some way, or, on the contrary, to accuse them of “all grave”. But it was not these very "unfortunate historians" who survived it - but many millions of people who lived in the USSR. For example, here is this woman - Zulfiya Zakirova, "Zulfiya-aya" (Mother Zulfiya):


All five of her sons perished in the fire of the war - they did not return home, did not hug their mother. Moreover, her last son went to the front right from school, without even having time to start a family. The sculptural composition is called "Ode to Resilience".

Or these hundreds of thousands of Uzbeks who did not return from the battlefields.


We remember them all. And, thanks to thousands of caring people throughout the former USSR, this list is still being supplemented.

In addition, during the war, Uzbekistan received, fed and warmed hundreds of thousands of children who lost their homes and parents. They were able to find new families here, to fully receive all the warmth of their hearts, a new "small homeland".



The panel on the right shows the moment when residents of Uzbekistan take their children to their families right from the station.

Actually, let's move on to museum installations. And let's start with street expositions.

Here is a small defensive line.


Naturally, children dart about in the trenches - they are interested in all this.







Street exposition - armored vehicles and artillery.


Inscriptions on the armor: T-70 "For the Motherland!", T-34-85 "From the Workers of Uzbekistan". For a note on the Latin alphabet, see below.


The inscriptions on the armor: SU-100 "Victory will be ours!", IS-2 "Revenge for the fallen comrades!"


The inscriptions on the armor: IS-3 "Forward, to storm Berlin!", ISU-152 "To Berlin!"

The PT-76 also leaned against the side, but I did not take it into the frame - even though I have very, very "tender feelings" for it. This is the first tank, for the levers of which I sat as a child in the Far East.

In fact, the museum is on the balance sheet of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan - and therefore, probably, samples of post-war equipment were added to the exposition (for example, there are also T and MT-12 Rapier guns, the S-60 anti-aircraft gun), on which I also did not begin to focus attention.








I hope you don’t need to sign these photos. You can easily find out yourself Tanks, ACS and weapons of Victory - T-70, and IS-2, IS-3, SU-100 and T-34, ISU-152 and BS-3. D-1 and M-30, BM 13, ZiS-3 and ZiS-2. 45 mm guns and 82 mm mortars.

Aviation part of the exposition is still rather poor. The main thing here, of course, is Li-2, the same hard worker "Douglas", which received the Soviet name by the name of the aircraft designer from the aviation enterprise evacuated to Tashkent, and thanks to this man a microdistrict - Lisunovo appeared in Tashkent.


This is the original flying plane, not a mock-up. But the Il-2, La-7 and Yak are mock-ups.



The next item on the exposition is the Tashkent railway station.



Meticulously recreated exterior and interiors.

By the way, about the authenticity of the inscriptions in the Latin alphabet: in 1939 and 1940, the Latin script was introduced in Uzbekistan (for example, the metrics of my mother and father were made in the Latin alphabet). So in those days there was also confusion with the Latin and Cyrillic alphabet.

So, the interiors.









Perhaps it's time to move on to the main exhibition.

As I noted above, it is located directly under the "Mound of Glory" with sculptures of victorious warriors.




This is the beginning of the exposition. Then there are installations, documents, exhibits dedicated to the war days.






Kind of like a mountain 76,2 mm gun, model 1938, if I'm not mistaken.


And this is most likely 1944, judging by the T-34-85.




Actually, the Order of Victory and all three degrees of the Order of Glory.


The banner group - copies of the battle banners of dozens of units and formations formed and sent to the front from Uzbekistan.





During the war years, Uzbekistan turned into a health resort. Thousands and thousands of soldiers and commanders of the Red Army restored their health here and returned to the front to smash the enemy.


In addition, workers in the rear - defense plants evacuated to Uzbekistan, as well as collective farmers, livestock breeders and cultural workers - were doing their best to bring the Victory closer.






Many thousands of Uzbeks also fought behind the front line - they took part in the partisan movement.



That, in fact, is all that I wanted to tell today about the Victory Museum in Tashkent.

I deliberately did not exhibit the second floor of the exposition here - come to visit, inspect it yourself.

Filming at the museum was made on July 31st. That same evening I went out for a walk in the fresh air near the house and was moved by this picture:


We have 5 days of entrance exams to universities in Uzbekistan since August 12th. Applicants sit at night at the mahalla committee (mahalla is the smallest municipal self-government in Uzbekistan, like “communes”) and get ready. I saw these boys and girls and could not resist - asked to click them for a story. And they both "clung" to me - "And you, in fact, who?" I gave it away without thinking that I had a mechanics and mathematics behind me. And that's all - until the morning they did not lag behind me, sat and prepared together. I even had to squeakily recall the Uzbek mathematical terminology.

Here they are, the real heirs of our great ancestors who won that terrible war. They remember everything. And they will remember. And the future of Uzbekistan is in their hands. In the hands of smart, motivated young men and women. They are - real Uzbekistan.

Author:
Photos used:
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33 comments
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  1. Peak
    Peak 17 August 2021 05: 44
    0
    By the way, about the authenticity of the inscriptions in the Latin alphabet: in 1939 and 1940, the Latin script was introduced in Uzbekistan (for example, the metrics of my mother and father were made in the Latin alphabet). So in those days there was also confusion with the Latin and Cyrillic alphabet.


    The author tried to somehow explain the mockery of Memory and History with the Latin alphabet, but in my picky opinion, such an explanation is categorically insufficient ...

    A weak excuse for creeping everything out of Russian yes ...

    I was looking for authentic archival and historical photos and found one in the Latin alphabet - the IS-2 tank of the Polish Army.
    And also T-34-76 with an inscription in Ukrainian ... The rest is all in Russian.









    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 17 August 2021 07: 12
      +2
      But what kind of nature do you have, so ... skewed, or what?
      Everyone is trying to find fault with anything!
      People live their own lives, but they don’t forget the past either, and you, too, are not like that!
      Write in Russian now, so the kids won't read it anymore, the little ones, God forbid, won't understand that the tanks are Soviet!
      And you smeared the author with your subjectivity, and clouded the article with the first comment!
      Here's how it is not familiar with your articles - and then criticize all the masters!
      1. Peak
        Peak 17 August 2021 07: 19
        0
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        But what kind of nature do you have, so ... skewed, or what?
        Everyone is trying to find fault with anything!
        People live their own lives, but they don’t forget the past either, and you, too, are not like that!
        Write in Russian now, so the kids won't read it anymore, the little ones, God forbid, won't understand that the tanks are Soviet!


        Your frenzy, but in the right direction to send yes
        For example, against the current regime of Ukraine, which you lick so carefully ...

        And on the bill - "inscriptions that kids will not understand" then in such a case There explanatory plates with the corresponding text in several languages.

    2. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 01: 06
      0
      I myself am indifferent to transliteration ... *)) I have two "relatives" - Russian and Uzbek, in that order, and one worker - English. As for the Latin and Cyrillic alphabet, I just gave you a fact, but I can confirm it, alas and oh, only by the metrics of my parents ... *)) So your right to criticize, I can only shrug ...
    3. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 06: 03
      0
      And by the way ... on your photos, by the way, I did not see a single inscription related to Uzbekistan ... *))) But my grandfather, deceased, on Mom's side, served in the NKVD troops, went through the whole war ... but at the same time, nevertheless, it is better to write in the Latin alphabet, and not in the Cyrillic alphabet ... And you, somehow too much, emphasize the meaning of transliteration, just like "fucking the polymers" ... Do you like alarmism? Well, you have a direct road to the Jehovists - they are also alarmists, everyone is waiting, and waiting for the "second coming" and the "last judgment" ... *)))
  2. out of habit
    out of habit 17 August 2021 05: 44
    +4
    Well done Tashkent people, they keep a common memory. Not every country has such a museum as Tashkent alone. hi
    1. Peak
      Peak 17 August 2021 06: 32
      0
      Quote: out of habit
      Well done Tashkent people, they keep a common memory. Not every country has such a museum as Tashkent alone.

      But it is obvious that if Uzbekistan continues to drift in the same direction as with the inscriptions on Soviet tanks in the Latin alphabet and adaptations of the posters "Motherland calls!" , it is obvious that JV Stalin in a robe and skullcap, who was in charge of the defense of Moscow from Tashkent, is just a stone's throw away.

      In general, we will see Uzbekistan with their alternative history and assessments of our once common past.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 17 August 2021 17: 48
        0
        - Not surprising ... Under the Union, the images of Lenin on the ground strongly resembled the average resident of the Union republic ... smile
      2. de_monSher
        18 August 2021 01: 42
        +1
        Uzbekistan does not "drift", and does not even "drift" ... but FRIENDS with everyone, especially with BROTHERN peoples, neighbors and develops ... *)))) And wishes you the same ... *)))
      3. de_monSher
        18 August 2021 09: 21
        -1
        adaptation of posters "Motherland Calls!" , it is obvious to I.V. Stalin in a robe and skullcap
        By the way, about the "adaptation" of the poster - "The Motherland Calls!" ... If you are still not too lazy to enlarge the photo, you will see that this is not an adaptation, but just the original. For the Uzbek SSR. There is just the Cyrillic alphabet. And about the "robe and skullcap", here you are already a little late. We had such a wonderful person in Uzbekistan - Malik Kayumovich Kayumov. One of the Meters of the Soviet in general, and of the Uzbek cinema in particular. He went through the whole war as a front-line cameraman. Unfortunately, he is already deceased, he died in 2010 in Moscow. I remember how, when he was already retired, he was sitting right at the entrance of Uzbekfilm - there was an ottoman, a table, tea, and fruit for him. You come in, he beckon you - "come here, boy. What do you need, what bothers you?". And then I was fond of cinema, you can't earn much on science. You answer - "Well, Malik Kayumovich - the project is underway, you need this, this and that." He immediately calls the director of "Uzbekfilm" - "This boy - help in everything." And the director did everything. So, there were so many conversations with this wonderful person. And I witnessed the birth of the myth about the skull of Timur = Malik Kayumovich, just the same, participated in the opening of the tomb of Amir Timur =. Well, including - "Joseph Vissarionovich called me ... to consult, in the winter of 41. I tell him - And you, Comrade Stalin, load Timur's skull into the plane, and let him fly around Moscow. You will see - it will help! He did just that - and then we drove the Fritzes! "... *))) Honored man. Well, I had the right to eccentricities, didn’t? .. *))) The main thing is to take everything calmly and with a bit of humor ... *))) But you don’t understand this, I think - you, unfortunately, have become ossified in your clichés and clichés. .. *)))
    2. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 01: 39
      0
      Thank you ... *)) Well done - Government officials, Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan, and in fact - the architect of the park and the author of all these installations, a young guy, 25 years old. I don't remember his last name ... I tried my best - twice done ... *)))
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 17 August 2021 07: 05
    +2
    You have a wonderful article and a wonderful museum! It's a pity that it's so far from me - I wanted to visit it)))
    And the exposition will be replenished! They will become even more interesting, although, as for me, even now, thanks to installations, it is very interesting!
    1. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 02: 11
      +1
      Thank you ... *)) Yes, of course - top up ... *)))
  4. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 17 August 2021 07: 12
    +3
    The museum is not bad, but this is not our story, but an alternative one, as if everything is from fantasy: holes are not from our world,
    1. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 01: 34
      0
      Strange statement, excuse me ... very, very - strange. Do you doubt the authenticity of the orders and medals on display? Maybe someone messed up something in the biographies of war heroes, labor - which are told in interactive terminals? You know, I listened to them - no, they don't lie, they talk about real people of those times, about real military and labor exploits ... and songs of those times are constantly heard - "Farewell of a Slav", "Get up a huge country", "Blue kerchief "," Katyusha ", etc. ... You are "annoyed", only Latin, it turns out? It was officially adopted by us, back in the mid-90s. And 80 percent of today's young people read and write in the Latin alphabet, but at the same time - AT LEAST and with difficulty, they also understand the Cyrillic alphabet. And what, in order to please you, so that you, here, do not grumble like an old maid on the stove - it was necessary to make sure that THIS youth came to the museum and did not understand ANYTHING, so what? .. *))))
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 18 August 2021 08: 11
        0
        Quote: de_monSher
        Do you doubt the authenticity of the orders and medals on display? Maybe someone messed up something in the biographies of war heroes, labor - which are told in interactive terminals?

        That's what I just do not doubt. Everything is beautiful, everything is done with soul, but this is not the USSR, but you rightly said that it is necessary to make sure that young people come to the museum. And the Latin is just very jarring. But all the same, well done, we do not have this, there is nothing about the Second World War, neither in the other direction, except for the Military Cemetery, where both are buried, and whose young people are already over 30 do not know the story that was, but about children and there is nothing to say. And thank you personally for the article.
        1. de_monSher
          18 August 2021 08: 31
          +2
          Thank you for your interest in this article. And, yes, I understand you, it's great - that the Latin script "scratches" the soul ... It's PERSONALLY easier for me - transliteration = I do not care, I will not call Latin graphics adapted to the language - "alphabet", at least for now it is not REFINED to the end, for the correct transmission of diphthongs =, it does not mean anything to me and does not cause any difficulties - in fact, I have been programming since childhood, and the main language there is English. But in Uzbekistan, Cyrillic is also very widely provided. Yes, and the Russian language is present in office work - one might even say that it prevails somewhere. And in any state. institution, you will be politely asked in what language you want to do business with them. And if you choose Russian, both documents and conversation will be conducted in Russian. More or less like this.
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 18 August 2021 09: 34
            0
            Quote: de_monSher
            And in any state. institution, you will be politely asked in what language you want to do business with them.

            I think this is a positive phenomenon, and it is very pleasant to hear it, in our shops and government offices they will also ask what language you speak, and there will be no problems if in Russian.
            1. de_monSher
              18 August 2021 09: 41
              +2
              *))))))))) ah, ah, ah - "discrimination" on the basis of language, in Uzbekistan the article "shines", about this ... *)))) Recently, friends from Russia gave me a power of attorney, and everyone does not send and does not send - and they had to urgently restore some documents ... I told them, "Well, what are you, where?!" ... They - "We, this - we are doing a translation into Uzbek, notarized "... I told them," Are you crazy or something ?! Send it as it is! " Russia, and in Belarus - so I know the situation there, I know very well ... *))))
              1. tihonmarine
                tihonmarine 18 August 2021 10: 19
                0
                Quote: de_monSher
                Yes, and my relatives, back in Soviet times, settled in Russia and Belarus - so I know your situation there, I know very well ...

                Yes, I do not live in Russia, as I got in the direction of the Soviet Union in the Estonian SSR, and I live there. But there is discrimination on the basis of language. Although at the household level it is not.
                1. de_monSher
                  18 August 2021 10: 22
                  +1
                  Clear, understandable ... Well, each country has chosen its own path ... These are the realities ...
  5. saygon66
    saygon66 17 August 2021 17: 49
    0
    - Have you transported the equipment from the Pentagon sites?
    1. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 01: 13
      +1
      Do you mean the old headquarters of TurkVO? It seems not, not only from there ... Russia shared, Belarus - there are plates everywhere. From its reserves, the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uzbekistan allocated ... *)) So if you have in mind, old planes, the same Po-2, for example - "whistle" ... *)))
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 18 August 2021 14: 11
        0
        Well, yes ... There, at one time, there was a small exhibition of equipment .... :)
  6. thinker
    thinker 17 August 2021 21: 37
    0
    thanks to this man, a microdistrict appeared in Tashkent - Lisunovo.

    Was Street, was microdistrict ... negative
    A street in Tashkent running from the Tashkent Ring Road to the intersection of Slonim and Alimkentskaya streets was named after Lisunov. In 2009, Lisunov Street was renamed Karasu street.
    Also in Tashkent there was a Lisunov massif, consisting of four quarters. However, like the street of the same name, in 2009 it was also renamed - in Aviasozlar array.
    1. de_monSher
      18 August 2021 01: 03
      0
      Yes, they renamed - here you are right ... *)) But all the same, in the "common" memory of Tashkent residents, these places are called that, not "Aviasozlar", but Lisunovo ... not Buyuk Ipak Yoli, but "Maksimka" , "Maksim Gorky"... *))
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 18 August 2021 08: 14
        0
        Quote: de_monSher
        But all the same, in the "common" memory of Tashkent residents, these places are called that, not "Aviasozlar", but Lisunovo ... not Buyuk Ipak Yoli, but "Maksimka", "Maxim Gorky" ...

        As long as the people's memory is alive, people will remember the old names, but now the rulers in all the former republics are trying to dissociate themselves from their mother, the USSR.
        1. de_monSher
          18 August 2021 08: 39
          0
          Under Karimov, there were some attempts to distance themselves from the USSR. Now it's the other way around. Since the 16th year, there is a restoration of interest in the USSR. Yes, and with Russia, a number of large projects are being started, starting with nuclear power plants, ending with petrochemistry, and the aviation industry with the military industry. Yes, you look at the same Army Games yourself - Uzbekistan has been participating in them for the third year, and already in the top division in the tank biathlon = I look forward to performing this year =, and consistently, prizes for scouts, sappers.
          1. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 18 August 2021 09: 37
            0
            Quote: de_monSher
            Since the 16th year, there is a restoration of interest in the USSR. Yes, and with Russia, a number of large projects are being started, starting with nuclear power plants, ending with petrochemistry, and the aviation industry with the military industry.

            It's good that connections are being restored, it's time for everyone to stay in place, otherwise they will be bitten one by one.
            1. de_monSher
              18 August 2021 10: 25
              +1
              Nuuuu ... Uzbekistan has never really distanced itself from Russia. At one time, the Uzbek diplomats did a good job, shuttling between Russia and the rebellious at that time, Chechnya ... Well, why does Uzbekistan need Wahhabism? Why does Ramazan Kadyrov have an excellent relationship with Tashkent then?
              1. tihonmarine
                tihonmarine 18 August 2021 10: 39
                0
                Quote: de_monSher
                Well, what nafig does Uzbekistan need, is Wahhabism close by then? Why does Ramazan Kadyrov have an excellent relationship with Tashkent then?

                They said right.
  7. Glory1974
    Glory1974 19 August 2021 12: 31
    0
    Sherzod thanks for the article. Very interesting.
    I heard that during the war, a soldier leaving for the front was given a bite of a piece of cake, and the rest was kept at home until he came and finished eating. In the late 80s, in many homes, these bitten off cakes were kept in memory of those killed in the war.
    1. de_monSher
      19 August 2021 20: 05
      0
      Yes ... there is such an ancient custom. In 2010, I dragged the Samarkand patyrs to a writing seminar in Crimea, where they were called "elven bread" ... it is tasty and stored for a long time ... *)) Or when I was in India, in 2017, - in every hotel , gently asked "You did not bring Uzbek patyrs with you?" Looks like their chapatis are boring, or something ... *)))