Military Review

Rum and British sea power

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Rum and British sea power

Dutch courage



The phrase “Dutch courage” is still used in the world today to describe any increase in confidence caused by alcohol.

This phrase originated during the support of English fleet Dutch battle of independence around 1570. Then, however, it was the genever (early gin), and not the rum, that struck the hearts of the warriors.

But while an old Dutch proverb said that "the best compass for sailors is a glass full of jenever", for an English sailor it was all about rum.

The sailor's love for the "soulful baby" is well documented for a century before the name "rum" became a household name.

English tradition


Rum has a long tradition in the Royal Navy of Great Britain and the navies that grew out of it, including the navies of Australia, New Zealand, Canada and other Commonwealth countries.

The naval rum tradition began with the West Indies squadron of the Royal Navy in Jamaica in 1655. By 1731, it had spread to the rest of the British fleet.

There are several theories about the origin of this practice.


In tropical climates, beer often spoils and water becomes putrid. Rum had the advantage of being stored indefinitely and taking up less space on board. It had a lower price tag and was produced in large quantities in the British West Indies as a by-product of the booming sugar industry.

The rum had another advantage. It mixed well with the daily dose of lime juice given to British sailors to prevent scurvy. Although this practice only emerged in the XNUMXth century, much later than the introduction of the daily ration of rum, it provided an additional argument for the continuation of this practice.

The original diet, or "baby", was half a pint of rum a day. The strength of the rum could be different, but usually averaged about 55% alcohol.

Alcohol and geopolitics


Before Columbus discovered the West Indies in 1492, sailors around the world were usually offered a ration of alcohol - beer, brandy, genever, araka, or wine - for services to a country or a captain. This was considered a reward and was rarely practiced on a regular basis.

The young English navy did not need to be strengthened aboard their ships until Columbus opened the way for the Age of Discovery.

Over the next hundred years, Europeans circled the Cape of Good Hope, came to the trade-rich waters of the Indian Ocean, discovered the Pacific Ocean and made their first voyage around the world.


The world was getting very small and very competitive

By the early 1600s, Spain had firmly held the West Indies, establishing a lucrative colony, largely through reed plantations on the Hispaniola Islands (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic), Cuba and Jamaica.


Modern map of the Caribbean

England was absolutely not satisfied with this. The war was inevitable.

Robert Blake



Admiral Robert Blake

To strike the first blow, King Charles II of England appointed one of the most powerful commanders in the British naval stories... Admiral Robert Blake, who is called "the father of the Royal Navy", transformed a weak national fleet from 10 unequipped warships into an armada of more than 100 ships.

Blake was a legend and a hero, not only because of his military deeds, but because in 1650 he was the first to officially release fortified spirits for Royal Navy sailors, replacing their daily ration of beer or French brandy.

El


Beer, more specifically ale, had been served to English sailors since the XNUMXth century, but like any ale, it tended to deteriorate during long voyages.

With battles outside Europe requiring more and more time at sea, the ale deteriorated and the sailors resented.


Admiral Charles Howard

In 1588, Lord High Admiral Charles Howard observed that

"Nothing makes a sailor more displeased than sour beer."

The admiral knew a lot about this. During the reign of Elizabeth I and James I, he led the fleet and the defeat of the Spanish Invincible Armada.

The Daily Mail recalls, for example, in 1590 all sailors of the British Navy were given a gallon of beer (about 4,5 liters) daily.

Later, after 1655, when the British captured Jamaica and rum became popular in Europe, the sailors began to give out half a pint of this strong drink (about 0,28 liters).

Moreover, after the battles, the daily rate for sailors has always doubled.

Blake knew this too, and by temporarily introducing brandy to his fleet, he was able to save precious space on board the ship and ensure that the "men's ration" never went bad - in fact, it got better, which the British sailors appreciated.

But for almost a century until 1655, sailors were given beer or brandy daily. But beer continued to deteriorate and brandy went out of fashion following the deterioration in Britain's relations with France.

But Blake's initiative was remembered and in demand, rum took center stage in the sea alcohol ration, as it did not spoil and took up less space than beer barrels.

This, according to British naval historians, has been responsible for boosting sailors' morale, preventing scurvy and ensuring a variety of diets, especially when food is often bland or spoiled.

It soon became known as "Pussara" rum because it was distributed by the ship's treasurer.

The daily diet has also evolved over the years from rum to grog, which contains water, lime and sugar in varying proportions.

Jamaican Rum


In the historical annals of the British Navy, the emergence of a naval tradition that lasted 300 years is associated with the name of Admiral William Penn.

In an effort to gain a foothold in the West Indies and usurp Spanish influence in the region, the Admiralty sent Admiral William Penn and a fleet of 38 warships with 300 soldiers in search of the Spanish-captured island of Hispaniola.


After a series of bad decisions and even worse leadership, Penn ended the siege of Hispaniola and instead captured the lighter Santiago prize in the south, which was renamed Jamaica.

Jamaica had an abundance of sugar plantations and the local population prepared a drink known as aguardente de cana - "sugar cane alcohol."

After nearly depleting his beer reserves and remembering Blake's lesson, Penn decided to use local cane alcohol to supplement his diet.

An innovative solution, progressive for the time, made rum a key part of the daily diet of British sailors.

Pirates' favorite drink



Henry Morgan after his success at Porto Bello

It is believed that rum has long been the favorite drink of pirates, robbers and slave traders.

One of the most popular brands of Jamaican rum is named "Captain Morgan" in honor of the legendary pirate, whom the English king Charles II even knighted.

When the island of Jamaica unexpectedly fell into English possession, England had no initial plans for colonial development, considering it to be nothing more than a "disease-infected rock."

To prevent any potential threat of reprisal from Spain, the metropolis encouraged English pirates, also known as privateers, to settle in the island's capital, Port Royal (before the earthquake of 1692, Port Royal was an island), where they were paid a large percentage for any captured or sunk Spanish ships.

Welsh pirate Henry Morgan. Morgan was arguably the most successful pirate ever to live.

With the help of the Port Royal base, generous commissions for a free raid on enemy ships, and an almost unlimited supply of "cane spirit", Morgan and his navy managed to single-handedly keep the Spaniards from monopolizing the Caribbean during the 1600s.

Morgan's exploits also laid the foundation for the Golden Age of Piracy (1690–1730) and the creation of modern antiheroes such as Blackbeard, Captain Kidd, Anne Bonnie, Black Bart and many others. The Caribbean from the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries was the real frontier of the Wild West, where life was cheap and every day was a battle for survival.


Regulations and instructions concerning His Majesty's Maritime Service - Great Britain. The ritual of correct use was also described in this document and extended to the "British pirates".

By the beginning of the XNUMXth century, rum had become an integral part in the life of every Caribbean sailor, which, especially among pirates in the service of Britain, was accompanied by unrestrained drunkenness and, as a result, alcoholism.

The English captain visited one of the pirate units at the indicated time:
"I really don't think it would be an exaggeration to say that a third of every ship's crew was more or less drunk every morning, or at least confused and half woozy."

freedom of choice


Outside the Caribbean, geography dictated preference for sailors.

Most of the ale remained around the British Isles.

For most Mediterranean ports, it was wine and brandy, while trips to the vast Indian Ocean brought nothing but arak.

In terms of wines, sailors had access to a wide variety of sweetened and fortified varieties of Madeira, Rosolio or Mistela (also known as "Miss Taylor").

By the mid to late XNUMXth century, wine and beer increasingly began to replace the growing popularity of rum.

Due to the fact that rum is produced primarily from a by-product of sugar production - molasses - alcohol could be found in almost any port where sugar was traded.
(This is not a recipe, but a historical fact.)

However, the Royal Navy never did without its connections with French wine merchants and a personal supply of brandy for officers.

Admiral Vernor


In 1740, a Royal Navy vice admiral named Edward Vernon, who was then in command of the West Indies Naval Squadron, was concerned about the high level of drunkenness among British sailors. He changed his daily rum by mixing half a pint with water at a 1: 4 ratio and dividing it in two, one in the morning and one in the late afternoon.


Vice Admiral Edward "Old Grog" Vernon in his infamous "grogram coat." Drawing by Thomas Gainsborough circa 1753

Vice Admiral Edward Vernon was - among other things - well known for his coat of silk, wool, and mohair reinforced with gum, for which his people were affectionately called "Old Grog."

In an attempt to maintain control of the normally drunken Royal Navy, Vernon issued Order 394.

The order, addressed to all the captains of the Royal Navy, stated that the sailor's allowance “... should be mixed daily with a fraction of a liter of water [about 1,13 liters] up to half a pint of rum, which should be mixed in a flooded barrel [draft barrel] intended for this purpose, and must be done on deck and in the presence of the lieutenant of the watch, who must take special care to ensure that the men are not tricked into receiving the full rum.

Grog


Over time, Vernon's mixture of rum and water became known as grog.

The term was later applied to a mixture of rum, water, lime juice and sugar given to sailors to prevent scurvy.

Grog is also the root of the word "sluggish." This is a very good description of what happened to sailors who drank too much grog.

Quality checking


Vernon's rum ritual required new roles and responsibilities in the acquisition and distribution of grog. Few of them were more important than the role of Purser (aka "Passer"), who oversaw the purchase and bottling of rum of the right volume and grade.

Since all rum purchased from the harbor arrived with excessively high alcohol levels, Passer's greatest challenge was to properly dilute each barrel purchased for rationing.




Mixing baths. Used aboard 100th century warships with over XNUMX guns, XNUMXth century battleships and aircraft carriers

Because of this responsibility, Passer was the man on whom the entire team depended. A person who has either respect or contempt, depending on his ability to keep the team "on the right side of sobriety" without causing resentment or even rebellion.

Until Sykes's hydrometer was invented in 1818, gunpowder and fire were the only tools Passer had for accurately determining alcohol by volume.

Degrees or proof


The word "proof" is used in the sense to show that something is true or correct. The British government tested the alcohol content of alcohol by impregnating a pellet of gunpowder with it and attempting to ignite the wet pellet.

If wet gunpowder could be ignited, alcohol would be considered a persistent alcohol and therefore would be subject to a higher tax. This method of testing had a problem: the flammability of the powder depended on its temperature. Since the temperature was not kept constant, this method of determining the strength was inaccurate.

The sailors themselves checked the issued rum for the fortress, mixing it with gunpowder and setting it on fire; it was believed that the mixture ignites at a strength of at least 57,15%.

Passer's task was to dilute the "baby" to the correct level for dispensing. If done correctly, the gunpowder will ignite and go out. Too little water and the Passer can be torn to pieces. Too many and the team will rebel against Passer, beating him half to death for thinning their grog.


With the advent of the hydrometer, the old-fashioned method of checking alcohol content was no longer necessary.

Ritual



Prince Charles receives a miniature barrel of rum from the youngest crew member aboard the aircraft carrier HMS Eagle, who is fondly watched by Her Majesty.

Typical scene at the beginning of a ceremony - when size matters!


Rum pickup time on board the battleship HMS King George V.

The Duty Officer watches, the Warehouse Chief notes, the two Royal Marines fill the rum tanks, the rum bosses queue, the spirits in the cabins with their Fannies wait.


Minesweeper 1940.

The officer watches, the helmsman pours, the battalier ticks the box, and two barrel sailors carry rum for their comrades.

In the submarine fleet



On a diesel-electric submarine from World War II

A sailor lifts a can of rum from the HMSM Seraph hatch while the submarine is in Holyhead harbor.


Life aboard the first nuclear-powered submarine of the Royal Navy, HMS Dreadnought [1960]. Issuing rum.


Rum has arrived at the sailors' wardroom, and Jack's assistant gives him out to the men who have the right to do so.

Blend


A formalized Royal Navy blend appeared in the early 1800s, and this was the first time rum from different countries had been blended together.

Mixing took place at several food yards in England, where naval supplies and provisions were prepared and stored before being transported to ships.

The rum was poured into large open vats, each containing several thousand gallons.

During the process, water was added and a stirrer mixed rum and water to make the final product uniform.

Before shipping the contents out to sea, caramel was added for color as well as flavor. Larger ships received rations in barrels, while smaller ships and submarines received wicker-wrapped jugs.

There was no official recipe for navy rum.

While there was almost certainly a flavor profile that naval rum factories are targeting, it has changed over the decades. Since the inception of rum blending in warehouses (believed to be prior to the early 1800s), the islands and colonies supplying rum for the navy have varied greatly.

The point is that attempts to write down or follow the "official recipe" are practically fruitless. The rum that was available and purchased by the Navy was constantly changing. At its best, we can say that dark blue matches a specific flavor profile.

What we can say with some degree of certainty is that by 1970 (when the navy stopped producing rum) the navy mix was roughly 60 percent of Demerara rum, including the port of Murant, roughly 30 percent of Trinidad rum, and 10 percent of Roma are from other countries.

Medical use


As a strong alcoholic beverage, rum played the role of not only light intoxication. Rum played equally the role of pain reliever, antiseptic and antibacterial for surgeons with only the most basic equipment and medicines at their disposal.


Rum served with lime was intended to prevent scurvy in the Royal Navy.

In 1722, the Admiralty Council recognized the need to improve hygiene aboard warships and ordered its long-range ships to install a small tank to purify water supplies, which often served as an incubator for bacteria and disease.

This did little, however, as during the Seven Years' War of 1754 it was recorded that for every sailor killed in action, there were 80 deaths from disease or desertion. Already so highly respected, rum was also often the purest drink on board.

Admiral Nelson


At the famous Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, the English hero and Admiral Horatio Nelson received a fatal sniper shot in the chest in the final moments of his victory over the French.

To preserve his body for the return flight to England and the state funeral, the ship's chief surgeon - Irishman William Beatty - decided to keep the body in a barrel of French brandy, which was tied to the deck under guard throughout the journey.


The body of Admiral Lord Nelson was placed in a barrel of rum to preserve it for the journey home. (Image: The Print Collector / Print Collector / Getty)

At the time, this brandy kept its body in near-perfect condition during the long return journey (and a weeklong storm called "Storm of the Century"). But that ship surgeon was heavily criticized for his unpatriotic choice of drink, because then the usual practice dictated the use of rum.

And to correct this mistake of this doctor, a different version is presented in several famous works of art and painting.

Concentration


While civilians generally enjoyed their rum neat or mixed with punch, the mariner was bound to have a mixture of water and rum, from which the term grog is derived.

While this concoction could have been mandatory, Passer's role in acquiring, diluting, and dispensing grog to sailors at the correct dosage of alcohol was anything but standard. Unsurprisingly, Passer was often a popular person.

At their own request, the sailors compiled a verbal guide on the different ratios of rum and water:

Nor'vester: ½ water ½ rum.
Due North: pure rum.
Due West: Clean water (never was).
West Nor'west: 1/3 rum 2/3 water.
North Nor'west: 2/3 rum 1/3 water.

The way the sailors drank their grog fell into one of three categories: sipper, gulp, and sandy bottom (which emptied their cup in one sitting).

Manufacturing and logistics


Before the Admiralty took over the purchase and supply of rum for His Majesty's Navy, that role fell to Passer and / or the captain, who bought the rum wherever they were.

More often than not, it was cheap, rough, fiery water, more in line with the early name "Kill the Devil."

The most popular blend of Admiralty consisted mainly of rum from British Guiana with a dash of Trinidad for lightness and Cuba, Barbados or Martinique for body, depending on the offer and price.

They were blended in various vats ranging from 4 to 32 gallons each before being stored in warehouses by the river, ready to ship. Two former rum warehouses still exist on the banks of the river overlooking the Thames.

It took millions of gallons of rum to supply the entire fleet, so it was sourced from various locations.

There is not much evidence of rum origin until the twentieth century, but by the 1930s, the lion's share of rum came from British Guiana and Trinidad, both British colonies at the time, with smaller quantities coming from Barbados and Australia.


Barrels of El Dorado rum ripening in warehouses, Guiana

When supplies ran out and there was a need, they even bought rum from Cuba and Martinique. Surprisingly, rum from Jamaica, which until 1962 was part of the British Empire, was usually not consumed due to its strong, unusual taste.

With the increase in the number of Royal Navy sailors, it became necessary to increase and maintain the supply of rum to the Navy. Responsibility passed to the workers of the Royal Victoria Dockyard, which was formerly the Deptford Victory Dockyard.

Located on the Thames in central London, the Royal Victoria Dockyard was solely responsible for the production of rum for the Navy, as it was here that the rum ingredients were blended, matured and shipped from here to consumers.


Rum was stored in a Navy warehouse at Deptford during World War I.


Gallon cans waiting to be refilled at the huge Deptford depot

During World Wars I and II, the rum vats at Deptford were operated almost all day long to provide the Royal Navy with the massive volumes needed to support their sprawling fleet.

To ensure the huge volumes needed for the Pacific and Asian fleets, the Admiralty resorted to the help of the South African National Chemical Syndicate.


Girls carry cans of rum aboard a ship docked at Harwich in 1943, which were brought from a huge naval warehouse in Deptford.

Originally set up to produce methylated and rectified alcohol for the leather industry, the syndicate began distilling cane alcohol to support the war.

While the alcohol was documented as rum, it tasted more like its methylated counterparts.

Despite this, South Africa continued to supply rum to the Royal Navy until 1961, when the alcohol was sent to England, where it was aged on British soil for five years to weather the fusel oils.

Fighting tradition


In 1875 England reached a record level of alcohol consumption per capita due to the growth of economic prosperity.


Artifacts

For the first time, union pressure for sobriety influenced politics, and the Admiralty was forced to impose an age limit that prohibited seafarers under 20 from drinking rum.

By 1905, it was decided to abandon the rum diet in favor of an extra halfpenny a day. Two years later, it was increased to a cent, and by 1919 it had tripled.

By this time, England had already participated in the First World War. And with the next call for military service in the ranks of the navy, sea rum again became a means of getting rid of the hardships of war.

In April 1969, the Admiralty College responded to a question from MP Christopher Mayhew, which stated:

"The Admiralty College concludes that rum production is no longer compatible with the high standards of efficiency demanded now, when individual tasks on ships involve complex tasks and often fragile mechanisms and systems, on the correct functioning of which human life can depend."

The debate, later called the Great Rum Debate, took place on 28 January 1970, and after an hour and a quarter, it was decided to stop distributing rum.

Parliamentary debate


To confirm the high degree of discussion, I will cite excerpts from the speeches of two deputies.

MP James Wellballove


Against canceling the "baby":

The threat to cancel the issuance of rum in the Royal Navy is a serious issue, and I am not sorry for bringing it up in the House of Representatives today.

As a wartime sailor in the Royal Navy who recalls companionship on the lower deck with pride and affection, I am delighted to have the opportunity, as a Member of Parliament, to present to the House the views that have been expressed to me personally and in many letters on the subject. which I received from the service seamen.

It is clear from the volume of correspondence I have received and from recent press reports that the decision of the Admiralty Council to cancel the production of rum has caused deep anger and resentment in the Royal Navy.

I hope that as a result of a detailed discussion, colleagues will consider it possible to reconsider the decision of the Admiralty Council and postpone the suspension of the issuance of rum to the Navy.

I will not dwell on the long and distinguished role that daily rum drinking has played in the history of the Royal Navy.

The history of our fleet is the history of our people. Our freedom and our system of democracy have evolved and developed over the centuries behind the shield of the Royal Navy, a navy manned by people of courage, skill and endurance.

Everyone knows about the huge changes that have taken place not only in the technology of the Navy, but also in the standards and living conditions on board the ship.

But not only ships and weapons have changed. The naval forces have also changed.

Education and the need for technical skills have helped to dramatically raise the standards and expectations of those serving on the lower deck.

The arguments against canceling the production of Roma are not based on a desire to protect or preserve tradition.

The Admiralty Council concludes that the rum problem is no longer compatible with the high standards of efficiency required now, when individual tasks on ships involve complex and often delicate mechanisms and systems, on the correct functioning of which human life can depend.

If this were true, if it could be clearly shown that alcoholic beverages in small and controlled quantities, which are available on the lower deck, pose a danger to the operational effectiveness of the Navy and to the lives of those who served in the Navy, this would be a clear argument in the benefit of following the practice of other fleets and prohibiting any alcoholic beverages.

But what evidence is there to support this claim?

MP Dr. David Owen


For canceling the "baby":

I can say that there is significant medical evidence and that the naval doctors put a lot of pressure on this.

In a survey of patients admitted to the British Military Hospital in Singapore, compared to the army and navy, the numbers show that the Royal Navy has three times the number of alcoholic fatalities.

Victims of alcoholism almost always only manifest themselves over the age of 28.

It is not at all uncommon for junior officers to occupy positions of responsibility in the modern navy and require the maintenance and operation of the extremely expensive and complex missile or fire control systems on our ships. But we must realize that we give them the right to drink more than four separate scotches in the middle of the workday.

I also assume that there is a big difference between the free dispensing of alcoholic beverages, which must be drunk during or shortly after dispensing, and the right to purchase alcoholic beverages during free time from work.

The unanimous recommendation of the Admiralty Council and virtually every naval officer, both medical and non-medical, is that the Roma problem is ineffective and incompatible with the high performance standards demanded now that tasks in our fleet involve complex and often fragile machinery, from the proper functioning of which can depend on many lives.

It was on the basis of this recommendation and other facts that the board decided to cancel the production of rum.

I believe that the reaction to this decision shows that most people recognize it as reasonable and timely. I am not suggesting that this was or could have been a popular decision, but the feeling could be exaggerated.

We heard about a lot of anger and resentment about this decision. But a reasonable press report and subsequent editorial comment were published about the decision.

The monetary value of the savings we make, £ 2,7 million, will go to the Seafarers' Fund, which should go a long way towards making life in the navy more enjoyable, especially for those men and their dependents who support this decision.

Black calendar day


From 1655 to 1970, the tradition of the daily alcoholic diet of English sailors continued. However, as technology evolved aboard warships, it became apparent that using heavy equipment and drinking rum was not the best combination.

The officers of the Navy and the Admiralty itself were not big fans of drunken sailors. And as the fleet became more modernized and sophisticated, it was impossible for a drunken sailor to operate radar or vital systems.

At exactly 31 p.m. on July 1970, 6, the Royal Navy grog bath was filled for the last time.

“It was like losing a beloved comrade on a ship. The sailors wore black armbands, and some naval schools held symbolic funerals for the Roma. ”

To say that the rank and file of the British navy are unhappy would be an understatement. They enjoyed their rum diet, afternoon break, and quick libations with other people on their ship.

On the last day of the rum mugs, various ceremonies took place.

Some ships, such as the HMS Minerva, gave the rum barrel a cannon salute when thrown overboard.

The crew of HMS Jufair, who were on the shore at the time, pulled their bath of rum to the ground and buried it, performing a funeral ceremony and erecting a tombstone over the burial.


A sailor aboard HMS Ajax drinks the last Black Tot on the day.


"Black Doodle Day" at the Royal Naval Dockyard in Chatham, Kent. Chef Thomas McKenzie drinks the last drop from the barrel while his teammates read the eulogy.

The historical ritual, which had been practiced for more than 300 years in all corners of the globe, washed by the waters of the seas and oceans, was lost.

Black Tot Day in 1970 ended the relationship between the British military and their favorite drink.

The relationship that led to the creation of one of the finest blended rums in the world, bringing together the spirit of different countries, cultures and traditions to create a rum that was enjoyed every day by the naval forces of the great maritime empire.

Collection of remains


The remaining rum was placed in jugs and stored in naval warehouses to be brought from time to time for royal or government events.

In the end, most of it was sold to private collectors to make way in warehouses.

But the veterans of the fleet, naturally, also got something.

One of them recalled: “We put the jugs together, we decided to taste them, and the question was, will they taste good?

We poured them, and the first taste was: “Wow. It's not just good, it's incredible. This is rum, which simply does not exist in the world today. "

Jargon


Jack Dusty: Battaler who kept track of all issued grog.

Tank: Jack's assistant, who handled the delivery, filling (filling) and distribution of grog.

Splice the mainbrace: A gift from the Admiralty in the form of an additional portion of grog to all ships of the Navy during National Pride Day.

Fanny's rum: A sailor's personal grog jar, named after the young Fanny Adams, who was killed and dismembered at the Deptford shipyard in London, where mutton was preserved for distribution to naval vessels. The sailors' contempt for this processed mutton has spawned rumors that Fanny's pieces have been turned into canned food (creepy).

Rum Boss: the chosen person aboard larger naval vessels who collects rations for his dedicated group (analogous to the "barrel" in the Soviet fleet).

Queens share: or simply known as "Queens"; any leftover grog from Fanny Rum Boss's cup after distributing it to the dining room group. Usually it was saved and accumulated for a special occasion.

Day of grog: the day a young sailor comes of age and receives his first grog ration.

Barrico: - "robber"; A small barrel used to transfer the desired volume of grog from the perfume room to the grog bath.

Scuttlebutt: also known as "Chan Grog"; a semi-barrel tub used to mix and distribute grog to sailors on deck.

Nelson's blood: name given to a naval rum after the death of Admiral Nelson at Trafalgar. Nelson was embalmed in a barrel of brandy (commonly believed to be rum) prior to his return to port.

Lime: a nickname given to the Royal Navy sailors by their American counterparts in connection with their mandatory consumption of citrus fruits on board all ships in 1867 to prevent scurvy.

PS


For commentators who usually do not pay attention to my articles, I want to note that the author had to raise a glass (glass, glass) not only in Soviet (Russian), but also in English wardrooms and communicate with British veteran sailors who participated in the convoy operations of the Second World War.

The memory of the rum ration always made them cry a little.

Therefore, all of the above is not only a historical excursion, but the testimony of a participant, at least in spirit.
Author:
Photos used:
godfreydykes.info, drinkingcup.net, theyworkforyou.com
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 8 August 2021 04: 25
    +26
    Hmmm ... no words what.
    The article is great.
    Thank you Sergey for her hi.
    I read and my soul suffers because of the rum.
    1. SERGE ANT
      SERGE ANT 8 August 2021 04: 52
      +20
      I join the words of gratitude to the author for the interesting material! Fundamental work with knowledge of the matter! Thank you!
      Darby McGraw! Darby McGraw! Darby, give me some rum! "
      1. Proxima
        Proxima 8 August 2021 05: 24
        +16
        There is an interesting saying that is attributed either to English pirates or sailors of the British Royal Navy. In a free verse translation into Russian, it sounds something like this: water does not surprise thirst, I remember drinking it once! drinks There is no strong exaggeration in this expression. The fact is that the fresh water that the ship takes on board has an inevitable property - to go out. Not surprisingly, the long voyage combined with the hot tropical climate did the trick. But if you pour a portion of rum into a barrel of water wassat , which is an excellent preservative, the water will not lose its properties over time. So the English sailor was right (almost right) when uttering this phrase. During his long voyage, he really could not have consumed pure water from the word "in general".
        1. SERGE ANT
          SERGE ANT 8 August 2021 05: 52
          +16
          One of the main reasons, if not the main one! And then it became a good old tradition, the cancellation of which was perceived as a tragedy."It was a real change of era, damn painful," says Commander David Allsop, who first tasted a glass of rum in 1955 when he was an ordinary sailor. "People greeted her with hostility. The sailors were very unhappy about it."In the photo, the sailors have very kind faces. I think that it was officialdom, as in that joke about May Day and the correspondent: "like this, with jokes and jokes, sailors escort this old, obsolete, archaic and useless sea custom into oblivion. ! "In fact, the author correctly wrote about the attitude of sailors to the centuries-old custom
          The memory of the rum ration always made them cry a little.
          You can understand ... the era is gone, not a portion of alcohol ..
          1. Bolt cutter
            Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 09: 07
            +9
            . the era is gone, not a portion of alcohol ..


            For just £ 750, a bottle of the original naval rum - since 1970 - is yours!
        2. Evgeni78
          Evgeni78 8 August 2021 12: 23
          +3
          Quote: Proxima
          water does not surprise thirst, I remember drinking it once!

          Is it "not surprising" or is it "not satisfying"?
          1. Proxima
            Proxima 8 August 2021 15: 50
            +2
            Quote: Evgeni78
            Quote: Proxima
            water does not surprise thirst, I remember drinking it once!

            Is it "not surprising" or is it "not satisfying"?

            Of course 'does not satisfy,' did not have time to fix it.
        3. Pushkar
          Pushkar 10 August 2021 10: 56
          +1
          Quote: Proxima
          In a free verse translation into Russian, it sounds like this: water does not surprise thirst, I remember drinking it once!

          Actually, this is a quote from Omar Khayyam - "Water is not so tasty, I drank it once. Water does not quench thirst."
      2. Catfish
        Catfish 8 August 2021 06: 24
        +18
        Subscribing with everyone, a luxurious article! good
        And how can you not recall the well-known almost from the first class: drinks
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 8 August 2021 09: 25
          +6
          Great article! I am glad that this Sunday morning there is something to read without jumping "from the fifth to the tenth". And the comments are devoid of attempts at "humor jokes" as flat as a board on a deck.
          On my own I will add that twice in my life I tried to drink rum (once dark, once light). True, not diluted, but natural. Not mine. I am a Russian person, I am closer to "People's Commissars"))) laughing
          1. Xnumx vis
            Xnumx vis 8 August 2021 19: 42
            +5
            Quote: Leader of the Redskins
            True, not diluted, but natural. Not mine. I am a Russian person, I am closer to "People's Commissars")))
            Every Soviet person has tasted the Havana Club Cuban rum. Strong. like a man's friendship and tastes pretty good. Varieties of Cuban rum were in all wine and vodka shops in Sevastopol. Then they quickly disappeared. And my friends and I just appreciated this liquid ... and even more so with a beautiful label, and if, after a hundred-gram sip of Havana Club rum, we take a few puffs of the strongest Cuban Legeros cigarettes with black cigar tobacco. Uh ... bloody fly. brrr! This is the loss of the ability to breathe for a few minutes. drinks
            https://ru.inshaker.com/ckeditor_assets/pictures/6197/original_1.jpg
            1. Normal ok
              Normal ok 9 August 2021 18: 09
              +2
              Quote: 30 vis
              Quote: Leader of the Redskins
              True, not diluted, but natural. Not mine. I am a Russian person, I am closer to "People's Commissars")))
              Every Soviet person has tasted the Havana Club Cuban rum. Strong. like a man's friendship and tastes pretty good. Varieties of Cuban rum were in all wine and vodka shops in Sevastopol. Then they quickly disappeared. And my friends and I just appreciated this liquid ... and even more so with a beautiful label, and if, after a hundred-gram sip of Havana Club rum, we take a few puffs of the strongest Cuban Legeros cigarettes with black cigar tobacco. Uh ... bloody fly. brrr! This is the loss of the ability to breathe for a few minutes. drinks
              https://ru.inshaker.com/ckeditor_assets/pictures/6197/original_1.jpg

              Do you remember Partagas cigarettes?
              By the way, and now it is not a problem to buy Havana Club and Cuban cigarettes / cigars. There would be money.
              1. Xnumx vis
                Xnumx vis 9 August 2021 18: 28
                +1
                I remember Partagas cigarettes. The strongest and cost a penny.
              2. Okolotochny
                Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 37
                +3
                Partagas is generally Atas)) You drag on and spit out your lungs)))
            2. MrFox
              MrFox 10 August 2021 19: 46
              +2
              Legeiros had terrible cigarettes, his throat was tearing after the first puff, no one smoked a cigarette to the end
        2. Region-25.rus
          Region-25.rus 8 August 2021 16: 44
          +5
          and also this expression attributed to Winston Churchill regarding the Royal Navy - "rum, lash and sodomy" drinks
    2. Egoza
      Egoza 8 August 2021 06: 46
      +10

      Quote: Lech from Android.
      The article is great.
      I thank Sergey for her.
      I read and my soul suffers because of the rum.

      Great article! Thanks to the author! Involuntarily the question arises: "Why are Russians considered drunkards? And others do not?" And somewhere "pride" - in terms of storage duration, my cherry liqueur can compete with rum, and it is much tastier!)))
      1. SERGE ANT
        SERGE ANT 8 August 2021 07: 48
        +7
        I agree, Elena! However, it's a matter of taste, of course ... What kind of rum the English sailors drank, I don't know, I haven't tried it ... times better, tastier and more pleasant. And then the head does not hurt .. even though it is a bone and in theory it should not hurt!
      2. datura23
        datura23 10 August 2021 07: 12
        0
        let me ask you - how do you solve the problem of bones?
        1. Egoza
          Egoza 10 August 2021 07: 15
          0
          Quote: datura23
          let me ask you - how do you solve the problem of bones?

          Write in a personal, I will throw off the whole recipe.
        2. your1970
          your1970 10 August 2021 11: 41
          +1
          Exclusively pick out !!!! Otherwise, the next day, the sadness is complete
          1. datura23
            datura23 10 August 2021 13: 30
            0
            Will it become cloudy?
            1. your1970
              your1970 10 August 2021 15: 02
              +1
              The head will ring even from a small amount of alcohol ..... Strictly remove the bones - after that a fairy tale, one of the best infusions on cherries !!!
    3. RealPilot
      RealPilot 9 August 2021 23: 39
      +1
      Great article!
      I really enjoyed reading it. Detailed and meaningful.

      Thanks to the author! Rum has long been my favorite alcoholic beverage. And to learn such interesting details about the culture of its use in the navy is especially valuable.
    4. Alien From
      Alien From 12 August 2021 00: 56
      0
      I join all the thanks to the author! hi I really wanted to try this rum wassat drinks
  2. Korsar4
    Korsar4 8 August 2021 04: 26
    +9
    It is interesting from at least two sides:
    1. Traditions.
    2. The art of diluting.
  3. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 8 August 2021 04: 36
    +8
    Therefore, all of the above is not only a historical excursion, but the testimony of a participant, at least in spirit.

    What will not be invented to justify the addiction to alcohol ... laughing
    The article is interesting in that, as it turned out, the sailors have long brightened up their stay on the ship with a portion of intoxicating. Maybe that's why they didn't go crazy?
    ==========
    Was it in vain that the expression “One hundred grams for courage” appeared?
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 8 August 2021 04: 45
      +9
      There were no women and no entertainment on the ship ... and so the rum 55 degrees 0,28 liters a day is good for both the body and the soul ... no infection will come.
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2021 06: 05
        +16
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        There were no women and no entertainment on the ship ... and so the rum 55 degrees 0,28 liters a day is good for both the body and the soul ... no infection will come.

        Let's just say that English sailors were still those entertainers !!! Until the 30s of the last century, for example, there was an "institute of ship's wives"! Some famous captains, being snotty midshipmen, sinned by hiding "port whores" in rope boxes!
        Recorded a case when the crew of the brig "Friends" was disbanded due to "friendship" with convicts on the way to Australia. Why women, in the British sailing fleet there were two beliefs "the priest is on board unfortunately", but about the goat "the opposite is true."
        Well, somewhere like that, Good day everyone!
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 8 August 2021 09: 30
          +2
          As I understand it, the presence of women on board (and even more so available):
          a) distracted attention from the control of the ship.
          b) could lead to conflicts among the crew, up to stabbing.
          And so I have nothing against the fair sex! I always believed that a men's company should be diluted with the presence of ladies!)))
          1. Alf
            Alf 8 August 2021 22: 48
            +1
            Quote: Leader of the Redskins
            As I understand it, the presence of women on board (and even more so available):
            a) distracted attention from the control of the ship.
            b) could lead to conflicts among the crew, up to stabbing.

            True, but ... the paragraph crept up unnoticed from the other side. Doesn't the expression about the basis of the Royal Navy in the form of rum and sodomy say anything?
          2. EvilLion
            EvilLion 10 August 2021 08: 45
            0
            Until the def. At the moment, having prostitutes on board was nothing special, and the families of some of the officers could live right there on the ship. Of course, the former serve everyone professionally, and the officer's wife is not supposed to look at.
      2. your1970
        your1970 10 August 2021 11: 43
        +1
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        There were no women and no entertainment on the ship ... and so the rum 55 degrees 0,28 liters a day is good for both the body and the soul ... no infection will come.

        A glass in the tropics? Oh well...
    2. mmaxx
      mmaxx 8 August 2021 07: 10
      +13
      It's just that the conditions on the sailing ships were so harsh that you would die faster without booze than with him. Yes, and now, it would be worth a look: take all these gortexes and non-promoters from the same yachtsmen. Without alcohol - nothing. That's the whole answer.
      I tried it - I know. Although I practically do not drink in my life.
    3. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 10: 19
      +4
      The original diet, or "baby", was half a pint of rum a day.
      In 1823, it was cut in half to a quarter of a pint. And already in 1850 - even half, and until the cancellation in 1970 adhered to the rate of 1/8 pint per day.
      "One hundred grams for courage"
      Before the battle, by order of the captain, they were given a double portion - Double tot. drinks
  4. The comment was deleted.
  5. Vavilov
    Vavilov 8 August 2021 05: 38
    +10
    a matter of taste, in the 80s Cuban rum appeared in stores, a rare muck! I have never met more since then, but the "rum women" were very tasty, which disappeared with the disappearance of rum from the shelves))
    1. Blacksmith 55
      Blacksmith 55 8 August 2021 09: 46
      +6
      I remember in the 70s they were selling Puerto Rico Rum, 70%, the muck is still the same.
      Interesting article, did not know about this custom of English sailors. I read it with great interest.
      1. SERGE ANT
        SERGE ANT 8 August 2021 10: 23
        +9
        Yes, it was on many fleets, before lunch and dinner, the boatswain gave the signal "For wine!" (there were other signals), the battalier carried out the valley - a copper container with vodka - and called out the lower ranks from the list. Before taking a cup, it was necessary to take off the cap, sign the sign of the cross, and then bow and pass the container in turn. It should be noted that it was not supposed to have a snack of "fire water", and even more so to drink it down. We canceled this in the First World War, like throughout the country, when Prohibition was introduced .. Now they give submariners a little wine, but this is a completely different story ..
  6. Van 16
    Van 16 8 August 2021 05: 51
    +11
    What an interesting article!
    "Fifteen people for a dead man's chest, yo-ho-ho, and a bottle of rum!"
  7. Xlor
    Xlor 8 August 2021 05: 54
    +7
    The article is interesting! But rum is a real disgusting moonshine, which is perhaps aged in oak barrels. And there is one who cannot stand it, white ... As a student in a construction brigade, I drank a lot of this "rum" bought from a moonshiner grandmother in the village ... wink wink
    1. mmaxx
      mmaxx 8 August 2021 07: 14
      +6
      Alcohol is good where it is made. All according to the climate.
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 8 August 2021 07: 46
      +11
      "Disgusting moonshine" is most likely whiskey, and you probably just haven't tried a good rum. smile drinks
      1. Xlor
        Xlor 8 August 2021 08: 06
        0
        "Disgusting moonshine" is most likely whiskey, and you probably just haven't tried a good rum

        Well, how have you not tried it? The difference with village moonshine is that moonshine is made from simple sugar (or from its components), and rum is made from cane. Reed is an analogue of beetroot ... wink
        Whiskey is also moonshine, only from grain ...
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 8 August 2021 08: 08
          +7
          I know that, but for some reason I love rum. smile
        2. Bolt cutter
          Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 08: 56
          +6
          cane rum
          More precisely, molasses-waste from sugar production. Such is the disposal. In the French Caribbean, rum - "Rhum agricole" - is made from pure cane juice. The difference with the buryachi, from which the eyes of even a professional village drunk themselves fall on the fifth point wassat just huge. And the reed has never been an analogue of beetroot.
        3. Pechkin
          Pechkin 8 August 2021 09: 31
          +4
          As a student in a construction brigade
          Where you in the squadron could drink Dominican dark rum, this is not the disgusting moonshine. I really respect rum. No need to insult your favorite drink laughing
        4. Lynx2000
          Lynx2000 8 August 2021 09: 45
          +6
          Quote: Xlor
          Well, how have you not tried it? The difference with village moonshine is that moonshine is made from simple sugar (or from its components), and rum is made from cane. Reed is an analogue of beetroot ... wink Whiskey is also moonshine, only from grain ...

          If the moonshine is based on mash brewed on the basis of wort (grain), after aging in a barrel of brandy or at least port, it will differ little from brandy. The principle of distillation of raw cane for rum is the same.
          With good distillation, alcohol should not have any special differences, smell or taste.
          what Although for the last 15 years I am not a fan of strong alcoholic beverages (the effects of concussion, headaches), but with my brother we have a distillation apparatus (cube) made of stainless steel and a sealed container with an adjustable heating element (a special cast can for milk from a dairy farm). At the exit, from cooling, the "product" should not flow in a trickle (the degree will be low), should not spit, it is better when it drips ... Rustic raw materials for instant cooking: water, sugar and yeast, temperature not lower than 20 C and a period of a week. We have an apiary, we use honey, bee bread. Better yet, double distillation, purification. Burnt sugar is sometimes used by moonshiners-traders to discourage fusel smell.
          1. Alf
            Alf 8 August 2021 22: 49
            +2
            Quote: Lynx2000
            With good distillation, alcohol should not have any special differences, smell or taste.
            Although for the last 15 years I am not a fan of strong alcoholic beverages (the effects of concussion, headaches), but with my brother we have a distillation apparatus (cube) made of stainless steel and a sealed container with an adjustable heating element (a special cast can for milk from a dairy farm). At the exit, from cooling, the "product" should not flow in a trickle (the degree will be low), should not spit, it is better when it drips ... Rustic raw materials for instant cooking: water, sugar and yeast, temperature not lower than 20 C and a period of a week. We have an apiary, we use honey, bee bread. Better yet, double distillation, purification. Burnt sugar is sometimes used by moonshiners-traders to discourage fusel smell.

            Hear the opinion of a professional. laughing
          2. Okolotochny
            Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 43
            +2
            Better yet, double distillation, purification.

            Double is no longer moonshine, but distillate (practically alcohol). And the aftertaste of the base of moonshine is minuscule.
            1. Xlor
              Xlor 10 August 2021 16: 48
              0
              Moonshine is a distillate. And also distillate is cognac, whiskey, brandy, bourbon, gin and much, much more ...
              1. Okolotochny
                Okolotochny 10 August 2021 17: 02
                +2
                Moonshine is Moonshine)) It has ... its own cimus, smell, aftertaste. After double distillation, you will not feel it. Fortress? Yes. The rest is not.
                1. Xlor
                  Xlor 10 August 2021 17: 26
                  0
                  The rest is not

                  What do you mean by "rest"? Iso-alcohols and fusel oils? wink
        5. Normal ok
          Normal ok 9 August 2021 18: 16
          -1
          Quote: Xlor
          "Disgusting moonshine" is most likely whiskey, and you probably just haven't tried a good rum

          Well, how have you not tried it? The difference with village moonshine is that moonshine is made from simple sugar (or from its components), and rum is made from cane. Reed is an analogue of beetroot ... wink
          Whiskey is also moonshine, only from grain ...

          The taste of a normal (not even elite) rum has nothing to do with moonshine. Nice enough for a strong drink. Probably some kind of counterfact was slipped to you.
        6. Okolotochny
          Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 40
          +1
          A little wrong, moonshine can be cooked from many things, including grain. What is busy now)) I can throw off a gorgeous recipe))
      2. Undecim
        Undecim 8 August 2021 09: 13
        +5
        "Disgusting moonshine", it is most likely whiskey

        Apparently, you have not tried a decent whiskey.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 8 August 2021 09: 24
          +3
          I tried different things, starting from the 72nd year from the "Birch", then the guys from the voyage brought them "for a trial", well, the nineties - everything was not in the cat's feed, it did not go. request
          1. stalkerwalker
            stalkerwalker 8 August 2021 09: 44
            +1
            The Cuban Havana Club was pretty good. Not a 3 year old ...
            But in general, rum is not for everybody's taste, like juniper vodka called gin.
            Both rum and gin are more commonly used in cocktails. But again - high quality.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 8 August 2021 09: 46
              +2
              Yes, the Havana Club was good. "High ball" was created from him - he went with a bang. good
          2. Undecim
            Undecim 8 August 2021 10: 12
            0
            And "Berezka" and, moreover, Soviet sailors, never offered good whiskey due to its price and absolutely meager daily allowance in foreign currency.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 8 August 2021 10: 29
              +1
              On "Vityaz" the scientists were paid very well, my friend bought a two-door Toyota GT in Amsterdam, if I am not mistaken. Used, of course.
              1. Undecim
                Undecim 8 August 2021 12: 48
                +2
                I bought a two-door Toyota GT in Amsterdam, if I'm not mistaken. Used, of course.

                Here she was just standing like a bottle of good whiskey.
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 8 August 2021 13: 55
                  +3
                  I'm not really sure about that, but in any case, it's better to drive well than drink badly. smile drinks
                  By the way, Toyotka got fenders, a friend sold her and bought himself a Zhiguli and a cooperative hut.
                  1. Undecim
                    Undecim 8 August 2021 13: 58
                    +3
                    There were times when the apartment was even changed to a VCR.
                    1. hohol95
                      hohol95 8 August 2021 14: 19
                      +4

                      Some eyewitnesses recall a similar Cuban rum in Lipetsk with a shudder. Of course those who remember him. And drank. According to them, there was only rum in the stores. No vodka, no wine.
                      And I had to buy "Rum Negra".
                      1. Undecim
                        Undecim 8 August 2021 14: 30
                        +6
                        And there were also such drinks.
                      2. hohol95
                        hohol95 8 August 2021 14: 37
                        +2
                        I did not find it. And I read that such drinks were exported.
                      3. Mihaylov
                        Mihaylov 9 August 2021 12: 44
                        +4
                        Quote: Undecim
                        And there were also such drinks.

                        And also these:
                      4. Undecim
                        Undecim 9 August 2021 12: 52
                        +3
                        A rare mule. In 1985, its production was banned due to the fact that it is a complete poison.
                      5. Mihaylov
                        Mihaylov 9 August 2021 12: 57
                        +2
                        Quote: Undecim
                        A rare mule. In 1985, its production was banned due to the fact that the complete poison

                        Haven't tried it but suspected it.
                        I suppose it was a low-grade apple moonshine loudly named with a beautiful foreign word.
                        Or even alcohol diluted with flavors (which is even worse).
                        Have you ever tried "Soviet Whiskey" or "Soviet Rum"? hi
                      6. Undecim
                        Undecim 9 August 2021 13: 28
                        +5
                        I suppose it was a low-grade apple moonshine loudly named with a beautiful foreign word.

                        The original plan was the most normal one - to start the production of apple brandy. as apples were grown in Russia, Moldova, Latvia, Lithuania, Georgia enough. in these republics, Calvados began to be produced in the USSR in 1960-1980.
                        However, the "fruit-profitable" production of the USSR had its own specifics, therefore everything was violated during the production of Calvados. what is possible, starting with the use of completely unsuitable varieties of apples, moreover, and often rotten, ending with the addition of sulfurous acid, since the wine material from rotten apples quickly deteriorated.
                        The result was a drink of rare filthiness, which was banned even in the USSR.
                        I have not tried Soviet whiskey or rum, since in the years when it was produced, it was still being designed.
                      7. Liam
                        Liam 9 August 2021 13: 34
                        +2
                        Merciless Soviet GOST
                      8. Undecim
                        Undecim 9 August 2021 13: 41
                        +4
                        Soviet GOSTs were merciless not only to alcoholic beverages.
                        My father worked at a paint and varnish factory, moreover, for a very long time, about fifty years. From time to time the plant switched the technical process to the production of products "for itself". It was implemented from a warehouse for the workers of the plant. Similar products from the store were bought by ignorant citizens and caused surprise - how the first rain washes away the oil paint from the gate, or why the floor paint does not dry, keeping "tack" for years.
                      9. Liam
                        Liam 9 August 2021 13: 47
                        +2
                        Quote: Undecim
                        unstick

                        I think this was the case at all factories ... because this phenomenon was encountered in my childhood in almost all houses)
                        Quote: Undecim
                        Soviet GOSTs

                        I just remembered one conversation about the quality of Soviet beer EMNIP
                      10. your1970
                        your1970 10 August 2021 11: 48
                        0
                        Quote: Undecim
                        Soviet GOSTs were merciless not only to alcoholic beverages.

                        Margarine was quite legally in palm oil according to GOST in the USSR
                  2. Mihaylov
                    Mihaylov 9 August 2021 14: 07
                    +2
                    Quote: Undecim
                    therefore, in the production of Calvados, everything was violated. everything is possible, starting with the use of completely unsuitable varieties of apples, moreover, and often rotten, ending with the addition of sulphurous acid, since the wine material from rotten apples quickly deteriorated.

                    It is clear that non-compliance with the technology can spoil any product.
                    A similar story happened with vermouth, the production of which was established in the 60s at the production site in Togliatti after Khrushchev's visits abroad.
                    Although the "Steppe aroma", which was nicknamed "Stepashka" by the locals, was not so bad at all. hi
              2. Okolotochny
                Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 44
                +1
                Ehh, how many apples were transferred)))
          3. Normal ok
            Normal ok 9 August 2021 18: 34
            +1
            And there was also such a poison:
            Popularly "biomycin"))

            Popularly called "biomycin" wassat
        2. stalkerwalker
          stalkerwalker 8 August 2021 14: 42
          +3
          Quote: hohol95

          Some eyewitnesses recall a similar Cuban rum in Lipetsk with a shudder. Of course those who remember him. And drank. According to them, there was only rum in the stores. No vodka, no wine.
          And I had to buy "Rum Negra".

          I remember. How ... laughing
          Collective farm, from morning to evening in the field with the letter zyu stood, harvested potatoes. And in the evening, before dancing in the village club where we lived, we went to the local shop. From the choice there were either local wine, at a price of 1 rub. 17 kopecks (popularly called a worm), or Russian vodka, at a price of 4 rubles. 42 kopecks
          Cuban rum Negro cost about three and a half rubles. To taste - a kind of vodka made from wood alcohol. But the sweetish aftertaste gave a share of "romance", and in the morning there was not so much headache as after the dear "Russian". And four bubbles of Negro came out for the price of three bottles of vodka ...
          "It was, girls, it was" .....
          lol
        3. Alexander Trebuntsev
          Alexander Trebuntsev 8 August 2021 18: 12
          +3
          I drank that. I read books like "Treasure Island" and wanted to try this wonderful drink. In our village, he stood in the store for several years, no one was buying. What for, when is vodka cheaper and more reliable? And the three of us bought it. Moonshine was better drunk than he was. But he was strong, and everything in his mouth was drying out at once, like from alcohol. As if there were not 43 turns, but about 60. I didn't try to drink anymore. Then he tasted the brandy - even worse.
        4. hohol95
          hohol95 8 August 2021 18: 43
          +3
          In the film "The Young Wife" the husband of the main character is told by a selmag saleswoman about the arrival of Spanish port. And invites you to visit ...
          And he refuses, arguing that he loves Portuguese port.
          There will be Portuguese - will come to visit ...
        5. Alf
          Alf 8 August 2021 22: 51
          +1
          Quote: hohol95
          In the film "The Young Wife" the husband of the main character is told by a selmag saleswoman about the arrival of Spanish port. And invites you to visit ...
          And he refuses, arguing that he loves Portuguese port.
          There will be Portuguese - will come to visit ...

          Connoisseurs, damn it, connoisseurs ...
  8. Saxahorse
    Saxahorse 8 August 2021 19: 21
    +1
    Quote: Undecim
    There were times when the apartment was even changed to a VCR.

    Even today, an apartment in some places in the north can be bought for a bottle of vodka. There are no people willing to rent a living space, and the mayor's office requires payment of utility bills, even if you yourself have been living in Sochi for a long time. So they give it for a bottle. They say, in theory, there is an option to donate to the mayor's office, the wrong ones resist, they don't want to take it just like that. drinks
  • Xlor
    Xlor 8 August 2021 11: 23
    +2
    Apparently, you have not tried a decent whiskey

    Remind at least one brand of "decent whiskey"
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 8 August 2021 12: 34
      -4
      Remind at least one brand of "decent whiskey"

      The poor have no servants.
      1. tasha
        tasha 8 August 2021 15: 56
        +5
        Ugly, buddy ...
        Some time ago my relatives came to me ... From Glasgow, Scotland. We fled with them to admire the beauty of the Western Sayan Mountains. And you know everything on foot, on foot. They walked and wandered, their feet got wet, and when they came to the camp, a cold August rain began. I looked - this whole company was depressed, wrapped in sleeping bags and with muzzles depicts universal sadness and sadness ...
        I took boiling water, added a couple of tea bags, sugar, a single portion of honey, cut the apple into pieces and poured medical alcohol there. Sorry McAllans, Platinum and all sorts of peat-giving (brrr) island brands ... Ho-ho .. They sang songs too, yeah ... wink hi
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 8 August 2021 16: 02
          -3
          Ugly, buddy ...

          All questions to the Weiners. And as for me, it is even very correct. A quote from the movie.
          1. tasha
            tasha 8 August 2021 16: 11
            +5
            The question was asked to you. The man asked, "Remind me of at least one brand of 'decent whiskey'."
            I understand that there are whiskey varieties that are very, very expensive, very good and I will most likely never be able to taste them. And I wondered what you would say .. And they said - Weiners ...

            But if I were asked such a question, then I would answer that Johnnie Walker Platinum is interesting to me from a more or less accessible segment. Macallan was remembered for 18 years. Something else is there, but I'm not very whiskey .. I don't like the smell and taste of peat, it can be very pronounced. Something else was brought by the Scots, but in small bottles, I don’t remember.
            The same thing that we hear and on the shelves - Chivases, Dewars and others - this is still a mass product. hi
            1. Undecim
              Undecim 8 August 2021 16: 13
              -5
              The question was asked to you.

              Am I obliged to answer all questions? I politely replied that I was not interested in communicating with this individual.
              1. tasha
                tasha 8 August 2021 16: 16
                +5
                It seemed to me that it was not very polite. It seemed to me - my problem ... Sorry.
                "If someone calls and says: Alla, let's go to the restaurant back and forth, dance, I’ll think very badly about him.
                And if he says: Uncle Ruben, I can go with Alla to a cultural event, I will say: Go, dear. " wink hi
            2. Motorist
              Motorist 8 August 2021 19: 58
              +2
              Quote: tasha
              But if I was asked such a question, then I would answer

              I am not a gourmet or a rich man, and from what is available to the masses I can offer Black Velvet. Jack Daniels will do too. drinks
              1. tasha
                tasha 8 August 2021 20: 15
                +2
                A good choice. In theory, of course, Jack Daniels is bourbon (no longer whiskey, but with amendments). Black Velvet - Canadian whiskey, mutant is shorter :)
                Products from Scotland are considered a classic whiskey, but not for everybody ... hi
    2. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 8 August 2021 14: 47
      +2
      Quote: Xlor
      Remind at least one brand of "decent whiskey

      Decent whiskey is from the Jonny Walker Black level. Johnny Red is almost a good peeled moonshine. But already Blue or Green - yes ... Tear ...
      1. tasha
        tasha 8 August 2021 15: 24
        +7
        The decency of the drink depends on the company and the situation ...
        And the understanding of drinks comes, alas, precisely with the experience of using them in various situations and companies. Each person has their own stereotypes ...
        Agree, on a warm evening after a hard day, there is nothing better than a glass of good beer or cider. Well, and by the fireplace, with a good companion? Here, of course, cognacs .. After the bath and the muzzles are red? Good moonshine ... Whiskey? Hmm. Whiskey is the drink of noisy companies, when everyone gathers in a nightclub to add tequilas ... Rums and gins are for cocktails.
        When you hammer the ground with a crowbar in winter, are cold and tired, then there is nothing better than what? And a lard sandwich.
        However, it is better to replace all drinks with a glass of good tea. Combinations of black and green teas and some herbs ...
        Well, if a cutlet with mashed potatoes - then there is tomato juice - definitely. And kefir, kefir do not forget .. mmm. hi
        1. stalkerwalker
          stalkerwalker 8 August 2021 15: 30
          +1
          Quote: tasha
          The decency of the drink depends on the company and the situation ...
          And the understanding of drinks comes, alas, with the experience of using them in various situations and companies.

          Absolutely agree. Therefore, I prefer the Georgian "Kindzmarauli" or "Saperavi" in a glass on a quiet summer evening in the village, sitting on the porch, putting his face to the setting sun, listening to the cries of birds and the sound of the wind in the old willow leaves near the barn across the road ...
          hi
          And in the morning - Lavazza Espresso coffee, with a cigarette in his mouth, on the same porch ...
          laughing
          1. tasha
            tasha 8 August 2021 15: 40
            +3
            Can't support it, buddy. For me, red wines are necessarily meat. Kebab or steak. Well, as a last resort - bruschetta.
            And I quit smoking - for seven years already. But if in the morning and with coffee - then a pipe.
            1. Andrey VOV
              Andrey VOV 8 August 2021 19: 21
              0
              I have a bastard stomach, wine is hard to accept, from any heartburn is wild ... Vodka, mother-in-law moonshine, beer (own) norms ... As a tourist in the Dominican Republic, all 14 days I ate different rum in different mixtures, types ... But more went metnyts strong coffee, rum and cigar ..)))
        2. Okolotochny
          Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 50
          +1
          And kefir, kefir do not forget .. mmm.

          Yeah, especially after
          then there is nothing better than what?
          - Unforgettable feelings))
    3. Alf
      Alf 8 August 2021 22: 51
      +2
      Quote: Xlor
      Apparently, you have not tried a decent whiskey

      Remind at least one brand of "decent whiskey"

      Chivas regal or N12.
  • Alf
    Alf 8 August 2021 22: 50
    +2
    Quote: Undecim
    "Disgusting moonshine", it is most likely whiskey

    Apparently, you have not tried a decent whiskey.

    Chivas regal is especially good.
  • your1970
    your1970 10 August 2021 11: 45
    +1
    Quote: Xlor
    ... And there is one that can not stand it, white ... As a student in a construction brigade, he drank a lot

    Moonshine becomes cloudy either with improper dilution or with poor water ...
    Mine, for example, is transparent ...
    1. Konnick
      Konnick 10 August 2021 11: 59
      0
      Moonshine becomes cloudy either with improper dilution or with poor water ...
      My for example is transparent

      Citizens drinking companions, do not dilute alcohol with water, water must be diluted with alcohol. The dilution rule is the same as for acid, water cannot be poured into acid, and water cannot be poured into alcohol, a reaction occurs, heating of the drink and turbidity drinks
    2. Okolotochny
      Okolotochny 10 August 2021 16: 51
      +1
      At a strong boiling point, when water enters the product, in the absence of a dry steamer. Many reasons.
      1. your1970
        your1970 10 August 2021 17: 19
        0
        Your reasons are technical and technological and can be easily corrected. But if the water is rubbish ...
        1. Okolotochny
          Okolotochny 11 August 2021 07: 15
          +1
          It is truth too.
  • tlauicol
    tlauicol 8 August 2021 06: 19
    +12
    Awesome article! I have never met such a detailed and interesting presentation of the topic! Already drooling good
  • Svarog
    Svarog 8 August 2021 06: 28
    +10
    One of the most popular brands of Jamaican rum is named "Captain Morgan" in honor of the legendary pirate, whom the English king Charles II even knighted.

    They say pirates and worked for the English crown .. replenished the treasury, and those who succeeded in this, received titles.
  • tlauicol
    tlauicol 8 August 2021 06: 30
    +9
    In the diaries of Kruzenshtern and Lisyansky, there are memories of an internship in the English fleet at the end of the 18th century. So, to say that they were drinking there is to say nothing. Moreover, it was not about rations, but about the daily exercises of the officers, who began the morning with a couple of glasses of rum. And if you haven't drunk six bottles of wine before lunch, then you are not a sailor at all! For lunch, rum, grog drinks , wine. Well, and in the evening a real booze began! Every day
    1. mark1
      mark1 8 August 2021 06: 49
      +4
      everyday
      I would die ...
      1. Xlor
        Xlor 8 August 2021 06: 56
        +4
        I would die ...

        Rather, on the contrary - tempered! winked winked
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 8 August 2021 12: 52
          +5
          Quote: Xlor
          Rather, on the contrary - tempered!

          However, Mac Allister's concerns did not win him the love of the king and the people. Rather, they hated him with fierce hatred. As I learned, the inhabitants of the atoll, led by their priests, cast spells for three months, trying to crush the tyrant from the light. They sent their most terrible spirits to him, but Mac Allister did not believe in anything, and no devil was afraid of him. Such a drunken Scotsman cannot be penetrated by any spells. In vain did the savages pick up the remnants of food that touched his lips, whiskey bottles and coconuts, the juice of which he drank, even his spit and conjured over them - Mac Allister lived not grieving. He did not complain about his health, did not know what a fever, a cough, or a cold was; dysentery bypassed him, as well as malignant tumors and skin diseases common in these latitudes, to which whites and blacks are equally susceptible. He was probably so alcoholic that no microbe could survive in him. It seemed to me that, as soon as they got into the alcoholic atmosphere surrounding Mac Allister, they fell at his feet in the smallest particles of ash. All living things fled from McAllister, even microbes, and he would only have whiskey. So he lived!
          © Jack London
  • north 2
    north 2 8 August 2021 06: 40
    +4
    Good article! But let me add something.
    First.
    If we are talking about the meaning and fate of the rum in the British Navy, then we should not forget about such an event as the Rum Riot, which grew into a state. the coup in the British colony in Australia, in my opinion, at the beginning of the XNUMXth century. And it was organized by the officers of the British Navy due to the fact that the civil governor gave the order to take away from the colony the alembic, which was delivered there earlier to make rum for British sailors.
    The second one.
    In the British navy, they drank grog, not rum. That is, rum diluted with water with the addition of lime juice. It was then on land that civilians began to drink such a drink only warmed up. And in the British navy, they drank it cold in the heat, and warmed it up in the cold. Yes, lime juice was added for scurvy. But not only because of scurvy. Rum is a very strong alcoholic drink, and for the British, who get drunk from the strong drink even more and faster than the Finns or the Chukchi, pure rum was just lying in the insole, with a preliminary massacre of each other. I do not want to offend or humiliate the Chukchi, they just have such genetics that they quickly get drunk.
    So, from the beginning, rum was bred only with lime juice. But the British Admiral Vernon saw that in order to dilute the rum to the required strength, so that there would be discipline on the ship and not drunkenness. for this, you will not stock up on any reserves of lime. Therefore, he ordered to dilute it with water from the beginning, and then add lime juice as well. At first, such a drink was called the drink of three waters - rum, water and lime juice. And then they began to call it grog. The fact is that Admiral Vernon, who gave the order to dilute rum with water, wore a cloak that was made from fai, which in English translates as grogram cloak. So the sailors gave Admiral Vernon the nickname "Grog", and after the admiral gave the order to dilute rum with water with the addition of lime juice, this drink began to be called grog ...
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 8 August 2021 08: 12
      +1
      Vidas, why the hell are you retelling what has already been written in the article. Have you read it? negative
      Minus from the bottom of my heart.
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 8 August 2021 09: 10
      +5
      civil governor
      This governor was by no means a civilian. It was the ill-fated William Bligh, the former captain of the frigate Bounty. As Australian governor, he tried to confront a group of officers known as the "Rum Corps" who monopolized the production and speculation of alcohol in the colony.
  • parusnik
    parusnik 8 August 2021 07: 14
    +8
    "Rum, pork belly and scrambled eggs are all I need." (c) "Darby McGraw, rum! Roma!" (c)
    1. Bolt cutter
      Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 08: 51
      +6
      Purser (aka "Passer")
      Pusser, or rather Pusser, is the slang name of the officer responsible for the supplies and their delivery. In translation, female-genital organ wassat As a rule, thieving, greedy and not loved by the team. Purser- "purser" letter e with dots, I do not have an official name on the keyboard. Something like this.
      1. Blacksmith 55
        Blacksmith 55 8 August 2021 10: 05
        +2
        Bolt cutter, hold your finger longer on the letter e, you get ё.
        1. Bolt cutter
          Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 10: 07
          +3
          support the letter e with your finger a little longer, it will turn out to be e.
          Noooooooooooooo work wassat It just gives out a lot of "e".
          I will do so-p "e" rser- official (Purser), and pusser (Pusser) - often used slang.
          1. Blacksmith 55
            Blacksmith 55 8 August 2021 10: 10
            +1
            I'm not a specialist, but that's how it works for me.
            For a long time, there have been discussions about the abolition of the letter ё.
            Yes, many do not use it anymore.
            1. Bolt cutter
              Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 10: 11
              +3
              It is in this case, to convey the pronunciation more precisely, it would be useful.
              1. Old Michael
                Old Michael 8 August 2021 11: 23
                +3
                Good morning, Alex!
                If you have a Windows computer, you can try to hold down the Alt key, type 241 on the numeric keypad and release Alt. The symbol "yo" should turn out.


                Yours faithfully,
                Michael
            2. vladcub
              vladcub 8 August 2021 13: 32
              +1
              "there are discussions about the abolition of the letter e" Father Karamzin, the father of Russian history, tried to introduce it, and we ...
              1. Blacksmith 55
                Blacksmith 55 8 August 2021 13: 47
                0
                This is how the older generation grew up with this letter. It's clearer with it, but with the advent of a computer, many are too lazy to manipulate (read bother) with it. Easier to write without the 2 dots at the top. They will understand.
                And you need less ink, all the savings :-))))
                1. vladcub
                  vladcub 9 August 2021 11: 55
                  0
                  That's exactly a solid benefit
                2. Alexander Trebuntsev
                  Alexander Trebuntsev 11 August 2021 17: 30
                  0
                  What's the problem with the letter e? Some codes ... Or how Barmaley "Normal heroes always go around"? The ё key is to the left of the number 1 in the Russian layout.
            3. AAK
              AAK 9 August 2021 14: 42
              0
              Colleague, that before the need to leave the letter "e" in the alphabet, this is just one example, close to the topic of this article, which has caused so many sincere comments:
              "everyone drank" and "everything drank", just two points, but what's the difference in the sense ...
              As for rum, I consider Thai the best (fragrant and pleasant to the taste) for myself, despite the fact that I had to try Jamaican in Jamaica, Trinidadian in Trinidad and Cuban in Cuba ...
          2. your1970
            your1970 10 August 2021 11: 55
            0
            Left, next to "1" ...
  • Bolt cutter
    Bolt cutter 8 August 2021 09: 01
    +5
    One of the most popular brands of Jamaican rum named "Captain Morgan"
    The cheap Diageo swill (16 lb-liter) does not belong to Jamaica in any way - it is a caramelized blend of rum from "In the Caribbean" - that is, anywhere.
  • vladcub
    vladcub 8 August 2021 09: 24
    +5
    In the "five" there is: "Captain Morgan", but for some reason they do not take him. Crimean or Dagestan cognacs are taken. They buy whiskey, the price is close, but every time I just watch.
    I had to buy something for the anniversary, but the toad strangled me and I took the "Elder" - a more familiar
    1. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 8 August 2021 09: 40
      +2
      Quote: vladcub
      I had to buy something for the anniversary, but the toad strangled me and I took the "Elder" - a more familiar

      The elder, even at a discount, does not match its price in any way - it is very hard, with the scent of cognac alcohol, regardless of aging. Only a 12 year old can be acceptable. But his price tag is too high.
      The best choice in Pyaterochka, or in Magnet - Koktebel, 5 years old. There are also decent Dagestan, paradoxically, cognacs. But take only with an exposure above 5 years, the OS or CV level.
      And if there is a possibility, it is better to take French ones. Let VS (VSOP is a horse price tag), but it will be cognac, not left-hand brandy. Even the Spanish Torres brandy is not bad. But with an exposure time of 5 years or more.
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 8 August 2021 13: 10
        +1
        There are decent Dagestani "- In my opinion:" Kizlyar "and" Derbent "are quite decent.
        There is also Bakhchisarai, but rarely. At least with us.
  • bk0010
    bk0010 8 August 2021 09: 37
    +5
    During World Wars I and II, rum vats at Deptford
    Yes, but the Germans, hitting Deptford, could have taken the Grand Fleet out of the game ... Do not believe me? Compare the power of the English navy with and without rum serving!
    1. Turist1996
      Turist1996 9 August 2021 06: 13
      -1
      The same thought struck me!
      This is a strategically important object!
      But Adolf did not seem to be friends with alcohol, because he did not understand its significance for the Grand Fleet.
  • Borz
    Borz 8 August 2021 09: 51
    +5
    Gorgeous article! Low bow to the author for a fascinating journey to the origins of one of the main traditions of the fleet! Tradition is an integral part of naval life.
    In 2006, while in Port of Spain, Trinidad, I bought a bottle of local white rum. The label bore a tempting inscription: "not less, than 70 °". The lethal liquid turned out to be, the manufacturer did not deceive. Then I had a chance to try both Jamaican and Haitian, the color of tar and about the same taste. As for me, rum is not included in the list of "tasty" alcohol, although I have tried it in different variations and blends. But traditions need to be known. To broaden your horizons, so to speak. drinks
    Well, I want to wish all members of the forum: use it wisely and take care of your health!
  • Undecim
    Undecim 8 August 2021 09: 58
    +5
    The phrase “Dutch courage” is still used in the world today to describe any increase in confidence caused by alcohol.

    This phrase originated during the support by the English fleet of the Dutch battle of independence around 1570. Then, however, it was the genever (early gin), and not the rum, that struck the hearts of the warriors.

    I will allow myself some clarifications.
    In 1570, the history of the "Dutch battle for independence" was not recorded, obviously referring to the Eighty Years War, which lasted from 1566 to 1648.
    Regarding the time of the birth of the term "Dutch courage, there are at least three versions, starting in 1585, then the Thirty Years War and the Anglo-Dutch Wars of 1652-1674.
    As for the jenever drink, this is not an early gin, it is an independent Dutch drink in which juniper berries are used and which is still produced today. The use of the Dutch jenever prompted the British to create their own drink using juniper - gin.
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 8 August 2021 13: 17
      +1
      Vic. Nick, thanks for the clarification. Curious to know: which is better?
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 8 August 2021 13: 34
        +4
        The quality is determined by the manufacturing process. You can buy slop for seven dollars. Also gin. Or you can buy a gin for $ 4000. The taste will be very different. As for taste, it's a matter of preference. If you do not like the taste of juniper, then no quality will help here.
  • Mother Theresa
    Mother Theresa 8 August 2021 10: 48
    +3
    Thanks to the author for the article.
  • TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 8 August 2021 11: 46
    +5
    The article is interesting, I want to make an amendment. In the Soviet fleet, on those ships where the tank system was still preserved, the sailor who went to the galley for consumption was called "tank", from the word tank, and not barrel)))
  • vladcub
    vladcub 8 August 2021 13: 12
    0
    Quote: bk0010
    During World Wars I and II, rum vats at Deptford
    Yes, but the Germans, hitting Deptford, could have taken the Grand Fleet out of the game ... Do not believe me? Compare the power of the English navy with and without rum serving!

    They rose: their shaves would multiply into atoms
  • gsev
    gsev 8 August 2021 13: 21
    +1
    Upper class!!!
  • tasha
    tasha 8 August 2021 14: 05
    +1
    "- I smelled rum in the tower!
    - Yes, sir. Me too, - as if nothing had happened, even the chief sergeant responded cheerfully. - The spirit is there, as in a good pub. Don't worry, sir. People save their rums for the battle watch. Half of the crew does that.
    - This is strictly prohibited by the charter, chief! You know very well yourself!
    - I know. But what's the problem, sir? Rum warms people. And if it gives the sailors drunken courage, so much the better. Remember that evening when the bow anti-aircraft battery shot down two dive bombers?
    - Of course.
    - The calculation was drunk as a lord. Otherwise, they would hardly have succeeded ... Now, sir, they just need it.
    - Perhaps you are right, chief. I condemn them. Vallery grunted. - Do not bother yourself, I knew about it for a long time. But there was such a spirit, even if you hang an ax. "
    Alistair McLean, a member of polar convoys, knew what he was writing about ...
    1. Saxahorse
      Saxahorse 8 August 2021 19: 24
      0
      Quote: tasha
      - The calculation was drunk as a lord. Otherwise, they would hardly have succeeded ...

      An ancient anecdote is involuntarily recalled:
      - How did you get after a liter of vodka? No problem! Can't get into a crowd of hares from a six-barrel gun !? laughing
      1. tasha
        tasha 8 August 2021 19: 57
        0
        Nicholls looked up. Then he turned away, looked at the sentry, who had already thrown open the heavy, massive door to the street, and leaned on crutches.
        “I don’t know, sir,” the lieutenant said calmly. - I have not the slightest idea, I have not seen her in the eyes.
        He tapped the marble slabs with crutches and went out into the sun-drenched street. "... hi
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 8 August 2021 15: 53
    +3
    I used to have problems with alcohol! For a long time I could not decide to choose my main drink! Long hesitated between cognac and whiskey! Finally, I made up my mind! So as not to suffer in the future, let it be rum! Therefore, this article is relevant to me! I even wanted to write a short note about the peculiarities of rum and its varieties! Unfortunately, even before reading this article, I discovered in one of the Magnit stores a new variety of Panamanian rum for me ... bought it ... but now I am not in the form of writing notes! Maybe another time? request
    1. tasha
      tasha 8 August 2021 16: 55
      +2
      Rum is not a drink that can be recommended as a main drink. The reason for its popularity is the cheapness in sugarcane-growing areas and the romance of literary and movie pirates. There are, of course, incredible cleaning and aging products (up to $ 100 per bottle). But, you see, once a week to give such an amount ... well, the tunnels bad manners wassat
      I share the recipe. If you do not drive yourself, then buy vodka or alcohol. Vodka can be run through filter attachments for various water purifiers. AND! Make tinctures on whatever you like. Experiment, try. You can collect variations of flavors like that, ooh ...
  • Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 8 August 2021 17: 40
    +1
    Many thanks from the readers to the author for this magnificent work!
    I read it in one breath. Bravo, comrade naval sailor !!! hi
  • Saxahorse
    Saxahorse 8 August 2021 19: 31
    +2
    Great article for Sunday! The author made me happy. Thanks a lot!

    I remember that there were similar episodes in our history. Once upon a time, the army of Vaska Golitsin who went to fight the Crimea, almost all died out from dysentery. The losses exceeded 90% and the war ended then. With this in mind, Peter, who the Great, sent the army there, provided it with doctors. In addition, he ordered an experiment (on soldiers, of course). Half were told to give out a glass of red wine, half a glass of diluted vinegar a day. The doctors, at the end of the campaign, reported to Peter that this and that helped him a lot from stomach ailments. But the soldiers liked the wine more! Who would have doubted !! laughing
  • Turist1996
    Turist1996 9 August 2021 06: 04
    -1
    The article is cool.
    A nation of drunks that has captured half the world.
    And these people are "combing" us something about human rights, democracy and so on.
    Bukharik nation !!! Drunkard and lumpen !!! !!
  • Outsider V.
    Outsider V. 9 August 2021 13: 56
    0
    grog, which includes water, lime and sugar - in different proportions.


    Do you seriously think that you can drink a drink with lime with impunity? I suspect that the lime in grog came from Google translations: in English, the word lime can be translated as lime, And How lime.
  • Tavrik
    Tavrik 9 August 2021 14: 10
    0
    Thanks for the article, read with interest.
    It's a pity that such a tradition was killed ... Couldn't they somehow transform the norms of issuance, but leave the ritual?
    By the way, why "barrel"? It seems like the correct "cistern", from the word "cistern"?
  • Chief Officer Lom
    Chief Officer Lom 9 August 2021 18: 05
    0
    I noticed what characteristic "English" faces in the photographs of officers, albeit not the most beautiful ones, like those of Prince Charles, for example (by the way, this is what Bush Jr. has). Seeing in the photo is still an era when the officers were mainly "gentlemen from society" who did not want to in any way intersect outside of service or business with commoners. For some reason in the portraits of admirals there are no such "Englishness" faces, ordinary faces of the European nobility.
  • Edvid
    Edvid 10 August 2021 02: 25
    0
    The main purpose of using rum in the fleets is the prevention of gastrointestinal infections and especially cholera. Rum had a strength of 80 degrees and was diluted half with water. From cholera, sailors began to be vaccinated, and in the seventies they were also canceled. It is now possible to fight cholera with pills.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • Markus wolf
    Markus wolf 10 August 2021 13: 55
    -1
    They bent the stick ... As in everything that arrogant people do ...
    After all, it was about "drunken sailors". Here I agree, drunkenness aboard a warship is bad. Well, change the dose of rum, its proportions ... Enter the ranking to whom you can, who is categorically not allowed ... It's easier to chop according to tradition and yeah ...
  • Burdock
    Burdock 10 August 2021 14: 16
    0
    Thank you for such a detailed and interesting article. I will say this, I too, in some way an English sailor, especially on Friday and Saturday. And in the team there are enough sailors for a small destroyer.
  • Kayuk
    Kayuk 11 August 2021 20: 58
    0
    Thank you!
    Great article. "It takes 5 years to build a ship. It takes 300 years to build a tradition!"
  • Petrik66
    Petrik66 13 August 2021 10: 18
    0
    Thank you for the article. For such materials it is worth visiting this resource. Fabulous.
  • CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 16 August 2021 18: 09
    0
    Gorgeous statue Respect to the author.
  • Bekasov Artem Andreevich
    Bekasov Artem Andreevich 20 August 2021 12: 38
    0
    Sergey, bravo! Great article!
    Heartfelt text and great photos for such a wonderful topic as the emergence of traditions in the navy!
    After reading, there was a desire to try in different proportions, with and without lime!
    Since you are on the subject, please your readers with an article on the rise of Great Britain as the largest trading power of the 17-18 century. It is clear that in addition to their own, they took away first the Dutch and Spanish colonies, then the French ones. As I understand it, sugar, coffee, tea, spices, various types of fabrics became the mainstay of British exports during this period, is that correct?
  • Nikolay Ilyin
    Nikolay Ilyin 25 September 2021 14: 03
    0
    [b] [/ b] To the question of the Lord Admiralty: "What do Russian naval engineers drink?" Academician Krylov replied: "Russian naval engineers drink everything except water and kerosene. In extreme cases, they drink kerosene, but not water!"