Work progress on the TOS-2 "Tosochka" project

42

TOS-2 on Red Square, June 24, 2020 Photo by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

On June 24, 2020, during the parade on Red Square, the first public demonstration of the promising TOS-2 Tosochka heavy flamethrower system took place. Then the technique went to tests, according to the results of which the further fate of the entire project will be determined. Reportedly, over the past year, the bulk of the necessary checks were carried out, and in the near future TOS-2 may be adopted by the Russian army.

Course of work


Experimental vehicles of a new type participated in last year's parade. In the near future, they had to complete factory tests and move on to the next stage of inspections. In August, the leadership of the Ministry of Defense revealed their plans for such equipment. In September, it was planned to involve her in firing as part of the Caucasus-2020 exercises. Later, before the end of the year, the first "Tosochki" were to go to the army. Apparently, then it was about military trials.



TOS-2, like their predecessors, are intended for the troops of radiation, chemical and biological protection. This branch reported on the receipt of the first samples of new equipment in mid-November. The vehicles, which had previously shown their fire potential, were taken into trial operation.

At the end of February 2021, it was announced that development organizations were preparing Tosochka to undergo state tests. These activities were to begin within the next month. The start and progress of state tests were not separately reported. However, in early June it became known that this stage of inspections would be completed by the end of this year.

At the beginning of March, it became known that this year a new rocket would also pass state tests. The designation of such a product was not reported. It is known that it differs from bulk shells for TOS-1 (A) in increased range, accuracy and power.


View from a different angle, you can consider the design of the launcher. Photo of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation

Based on the results of state tests, the Ministry of Defense will decide the further fate of the new development. If TOS-2 copes with all the checks, then it will be adopted, and the development enterprises will receive an order for serial production. The possible timing of the start of deliveries of serial equipment to the troops has not yet been specified. Apparently, the launch of production will not take much time.

Since the first information about Tosochka appeared, it has been repeatedly reported that this product has good export prospects. However, the conclusion of supply contracts has not yet been reported. Probably, orders will begin to be accepted after the industry satisfies the needs of the Russian army.

New look


The TOS-2 project was developed by several enterprises. The leading role in the project is assigned to NPO Splav them. A.N. Ganicheva. Fighting vehicles are being built by the Perm enterprise Motovilikhinskiye Zavody. The new "Tosochka" continues the line of domestic heavy flame-throwing systems, and its design uses both well-mastered and time-tested solutions and new ideas.

Unlike its predecessors, "Tosochka" is built on a wheeled chassis and has a completely new launcher. Also, a missile with increased characteristics has been specially developed for it. All proposed and implemented innovations should improve the combat and operational qualities of the system.

The TOS-2 is based on the Ural-63704-0010 three-axle all-wheel drive chassis from the newest Tornado-U family. It provides a quick transfer of the flamethrower system on the roads and sufficient off-road maneuverability. The cockpit and vital units are protected by anti-bullet / anti-fragmentation armor. In addition, camouflage and optical-electronic countermeasures are provided.


Experienced Toosochki. Photo "Motovilizinsky plants"

A launcher of a new type is mounted on a wheeled chassis. Externally and in design, it differs from the installation for TOS-1 and TOS-1A and carries an ammunition load of 18 rockets of standard caliber 220 mm. "Tosochka" is equipped with a manipulator crane, which allows you to recharge the installation yourself.

TOS-2 retains compatibility with all existing 220-mm projectiles from flamethrower systems. In addition, a new ammunition with a flight range of up to 15 km is being developed. An increase in the effectiveness of shooting is provided. For this, the combat vehicle receives a modern fire control system based on satellite navigation and a digital computer. According to known data, "Tosochka" can start firing in 90 seconds. after entering the position.

Confirm characteristics


The TOS-2 project was developed practically from scratch, with the maximum use of new systems and units. All of them need to be checked, both independently and as part of a flamethrower system. This circumstance can in a known way affect the timing of testing and debugging. However, news Recently, they do not dispose to pessimism and allow us to hope that all measures will be completed on time and in full.

The base truck "Tornado-U" developed by the "Ural" plant has passed all the necessary tests long ago and was adopted for supplying the army. A special superstructure in the form of a launcher and other units were created taking into account the peculiarities and limitations of the chassis, and their integration will not be associated with any problems. At the same time, the use of a modern wheeled chassis will provide obvious advantages.

The TOS-2 launcher is designed from the ground up and must prove its performance. The same goes for modern fire control systems. In addition, the installation and the OMS must show compatibility with the existing range of projectiles and with a promising extended-range product.


Application of TOS-2 during the Caucasus-2020 exercise. Photo by AP RF

By the fall of last year, TOS-2 coped with the factory tests, which shows the absence of any serious problems. Then began state testing and experimental military operation, which continues to this day.

On the eve of the service


News of recent months shows that the promising TOS-2 Tosochka flamethrower system successfully copes with the necessary checks and has every chance of reaching service in the army. By the end of the year, the Ministry of Defense plans to complete state tests of a combat vehicle and a new rocket, and already next year an order for their adoption should be expected.

Then "Splav" and "Motovilikhinskiye Zavody" will start supplying serial products to the RKhBZ troops. According to current plans, by 2025 the share of new models in service with this type of troops should reach 85%, and the supply of "Toosochek" will make a significant contribution to achieving this goal. In addition, such complexes will give the RChBZ troops several new opportunities.

In the medium term, a mixed fleet of heavy flame-throwing systems on a well-protected tracked and highly mobile wheeled chassis will appear at the disposal of the RChBZ troops. It will be possible to choose a technique for performing a strike in accordance with the existing conditions and the capabilities of a particular sample. This will, to a certain extent, simplify the planning of combat work and the execution of strikes. In addition, the range of missiles used will be expanded - with an increase in overall combat effectiveness.

Thus, the direction of heavy flamethrower systems has been developed, and soon such processes will give a real positive result. However, there is no need to rush yet. Development organizations and the Ministry of Defense have yet to complete all stages of checks, and only after that "Tosochka" will go into service and give the troops all new opportunities.
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42 comments
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  1. One of the counterarguments about self-propelled guns on a wheeled chassis is the high probability of being hit by enemy return fire. But there, at least the gunners argue that mobility will allow you to quickly leave the firing position. Well, the range of fire is 30-40 km.
    And from 15 km, I think it will be even more difficult to retreat quickly.
    1. +1
      July 2 2021
      How does the type of chassis affect the likelihood of damage? The main factor is time.
      1. +3
        July 2 2021
        The wheels are less stable when firing, the car sways, this affects the accuracy of firing unguided rockets. To increase accuracy, it will be necessary to install supports, and this is the time for folding, which will allow the enemy to strike back. Although for TOC this factor is probably not significant, since the impact is on the area, the firing range is not very large, the deviation is not high, plus perhaps the rocket has the ability to adjust the course, who knows what was crammed there.
        1. +3
          July 2 2021
          The time to leave the position is minimal. Even for vehicles with outriggers.
        2. -1
          July 2 2021
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          the wheels are less stable when shooting, the machine sways, this affects the accuracy

          When I look at how a tank or a goose self-propelled gun sways when firing, and how Hail / Tornado / Hurricane, I find it difficult to agree with you.
      2. +1
        July 2 2021
        Affects ..... traffic and booking. The answer will arrive in the form of a HE shell with different types of detonation (air and contact). The wheel chassis is less load-bearing and less armored.
        1. 0
          July 2 2021
          But faster. If applied correctly, one negates the other.
        2. +5
          July 3 2021
          For a moment, this is chemical troops, they will not take the Pentagon by storm, their task is to burn its ruins with zombies inside, so that biological infection does not get out of there in order to bring democracy to the world again. Are you talking about HE shells ...)
          Yes, of course they are beautifully applied at the forefront, but the art of the enemy by this time should have ceased to exist or be busy with other things.
    2. +4
      July 2 2021
      ZiS-6, even * Studebaker * - next to the current chassis-technician of King Peas, We left! and in Vietnam, our S-75 crews managed to escape the American air strike with all their equipment. life has taught!
    3. 0
      July 2 2021
      Are you laughing? The flight speed of the TOS 2M rocket, that is, at a distance of 15 km, the rocket must fly for at least 30 seconds, while the enemy's radar detects the missile's trajectory, while transmitting the coordinates of the target, while the enemy aims his means, it will take a couple of minutes, plus the projectile will fly for a minute, if not more , during this time, the installation will already be very far away.
      1. That is, the option when, after spotting the square from where the strike was struck and the flight into it of the simplest reconnaissance UAV, which even infantry units are now saturated with, you do not consider?
        And how long does it take for wheeled vehicles to leave a distance of 15 km along a country road? And how much better will it withstand shelling on the march?
        1. +4
          July 2 2021
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          when, after spotting the square from which the strike was struck and the flight into it of the simplest reconnaissance UAV,

          The simplest UAVs fly very slowly.
          And so you are right. For actions in conditions of fire contact is not the most correct decision.
          With the threat of a response, there is a Hurricane or Tornado, which shoot exactly the same ammunition, but much further. But there are always simpler tasks, where you need to throw a barrel of explosives behind a nearby bump. In a real war, even "Gorynych" was used, but it is generally nonexistent from the point of view of security.
          1. +2
            July 3 2021
            Quote: Jacket in stock
            The simplest UAVs fly very slowly.

            Fairy tales. UAVs fly either fast or very fast.
            But trucks in combat conditions drive either slowly or very slowly.
            There are always simpler tasks, where you have to throw a barrel of explosives behind a nearby bump ... even "Gorynych" was used, but it is generally not at all from the point of view of security

            The point of the TOS-1 was just the ability to drive up closer and zhahnut more powerful, for the sake of this, the installation had all the distinctive features - a minimum firing range of 400-600m, an armored TPK with a cover, and a tank chassis.
            After that, already by the TOS-1A, the design idea began to leave somewhere in the wrong place - the TPK was debooked, the armored cover was removed, the number of NURSs was reduced.
            From "Tosochka" in general they are trying to mold an under-MLRS.
            What for? request
            Lobbyists from RHBZ wanted their own MLRS, or what?
            Some senseless fuss ...
          2. 0
            July 13 2021
            slow flying simple UAV
        2. -2
          July 2 2021
          Much more unpleasant for "Tosochka" will be the presence of an enemy loitering ammunition nearby in the air, even the "pocket" one.
        3. 0
          July 2 2021
          and why do you need air defense?
        4. Fat
          +1
          July 5 2021
          Leader! this is a RHVBZ weapon. Their academy is now in Kostroma ...
          What are they sculpting for themselves? Das ist the great grand secret ...
          1. Fat
            0
            July 5 2021
            Their task is to clean, not fight on the front lines.
    4. +7
      July 2 2021
      Well, TOS always had a short range. This is a very useful but niche weapon. Unlike MLRS and self-propelled guns.
  2. 0
    July 2 2021
    And what is the point of convening a CBT on a wheeled chassis? It is possible, after all, to develop a similar projectile for the Tornado-G.
    A feature of the TOS-1 was precisely the tank chassis, which made it possible to move in one column with the tanks and gave the crew good protection.
    The story with the air defense system is repeating itself. Instead of the excellent "Tor-2M" complex on a caterpillar track, they began to massively sculpt wheeled "Shells".
    1. +4
      July 2 2021
      Sorry, but the Torahs went to the ground forces, so they go, the Pantsiri go to the country's air defense in the S-400 regiments to cover them.
    2. +1
      July 2 2021
      Quote: Every
      It is possible, after all, to develop a similar projectile for the "Tornado-G".

      No, no, not the caliber.
      Similar shells have long been available for the Tornado. They fly further, cost more.
    3. +2
      July 2 2021
      Quote: Every
      And what is the point of convening a CBT on a wheeled chassis? It is possible, after all, to develop a similar projectile for the Tornado-G.

      Rather, for Hurricane.
      And the meaning is the same - departmental disunity. RKhBZ orders its own systems for itself, artillerymen - theirs. It's like RPO-A and TBG-7V.
      1. +1
        July 2 2021
        Different shells ....... TOS - in fact - capsule flamethrower. And carries more explosives at a shorter distance. NURS-almost a projectile
        1. +3
          July 2 2021
          Quote: Zaurbek
          Different shells ....... TOS - in fact - capsule flamethrower. And carries more explosives at a shorter distance. NURS-almost a projectile

          And what prevents the TOS shell from entering the Uragan's BC? Instead of engaging in parochialism and forming parallel artillery structures in the RKhBZ - "divisions of rocket artillery of chemical troops."
          This "Pinocchio" was good: I saw the target - hit with almost direct fire. And at 15 km, someone first has to issue target designation, bind fire and calculate the data for firing.
          1. 0
            July 2 2021
            The Hurricane has one range, the TOS has a different ... that's why they put it on the tank. Now, you see that something has changed
            1. 0
              July 2 2021
              Low Intensity Wars and Exports. Here are the perspectives of Tosochka. Where there is little rain, a lot of solid, level ground, she will feel comfortable.
      2. 0
        July 6 2021
        Still, it is incorrect to compare a disposable RPO with a TB shot for an RPG-7. But the idea behind your statement is clear.
  3. +3
    July 2 2021
    I just can't figure out why I need a specialized launcher? Maybe I'm wrong, but in my opinion, it was necessary to develop a rocket for the existing MLRS systems.
    1. 0
      July 2 2021
      It’s a matter of different types of troops, MLRS in artillery and TOSs in RChBZ, chemists needed such a machine, and they got it.
      1. +7
        July 2 2021
        Quote: Herman
        It’s a matter of different types of troops, MLRS in artillery and TOSs in RChBZ, chemists needed such a machine, and they got it.

        So the original TOS was a highly specialized niche machine - a heavy assault jet flamethrower for work on the front line.
        The current TOS-2 is no different in its capabilities from the Uragan MLRS: the ability to work at the front line is lost along with the booking, and only work from closed firing positions remains. But for its work, it requires a full-fledged artillery "harness", which could provide data for firing.
        In fact, the RChBZ acquired rocket artillery that duplicated the army.
      2. 0
        July 3 2021
        chemists from weapons should have test tubes, pegs with flags and a Kalash behind their backs. everything else is a whim.
        flamethrowers should be in the bombardment engineers! that's my opinion
    2. +4
      July 2 2021
      Quote: Garm
      I just can't figure out why I need a specialized launcher? Maybe I'm wrong, but in my opinion, it was necessary to develop a rocket for the existing MLRS systems.
      So they are. 9M55S with a thermobaric warhead 9M216 "Excitement", for the Tornado, entered service in 2004.
  4. +1
    July 2 2021
    The TOC concept has changed. If Pinocchio was a special vehicle for special tasks, now it is an ordinary MLRS of large caliber, but short range. A kind of civilian analogue of the Barmaley balloon gun. There will always be tasks for him, but why RChBZ?
  5. +2
    July 2 2021
    "Tosochka" is equipped with a manipulator crane, which allows you to recharge the installation yourself.

    What an archaism, to carry one projectile with a KMUShka! The cycle is 1,5 minutes per projectile (the CMU does not operate faster), 1,5 * 18 = 27 minutes ... The recharge is stretched for 30 minutes!
    It's time to overload modules like HIMARS!
    .

    7-8 minutes
  6. +6
    July 2 2021
    TZM HIMARS use a manipulator - and unload one module with 6 missiles in 2 minutes - they simply scattered over the position, and PU HIMARS independently change modules - quickly.


    Why do we need to fence separately Tosochki ... Tornado G ... Iskander M
    And did the Merikosy manage to universalize one HIMARS on 5 t chassis?

    We are like Germans in 39 - each plant has its own fence.
    1. +4
      July 2 2021
      Because the price of a shot is cheap.
      For decades, the Americans have scored on all land-based missiles, both guided and not. hoped to get by with barrel artillery. It came to a close that a projectile-analogue of a jet hurricane, in terms of range but not in weight, began to cost like an airplane.
      And the Russian Federation traditionally has rockets for all occasions, from 20 to 500 km. Managed and not.
      The United States hopes to solve all the big fire missions by aviation. In the wars with the Bantustans, it will work.
      And when mobile reinforced BTGs, covered with air defense and aircrafts, are butted in the European theater of operations, then this option may not work. And no aviation would be enough to support each platoon with fire.
      1. +3
        July 2 2021
        Quote: demiurg
        Because the price of a shot is cheap.

        The penny price of a shot from cannon artillery. And PC is expensive.
        Just for comparison: 2005
        152-mm shell for Msta:
        High-explosive fragmentation plant VOF72 13224,90
        High-explosive fragmentation s / p VOF58 10787,36
        High-explosive fragmentation f / z VOF73 9203,03
        High-explosive fragmentation plant VOF91 57931,00

        220 mm RS:
        High-explosive 9M27F 220023,43
        Shrapnel cassette 9M27K 244473,06
        Volume-detonating 9M51 354486,71
        Anti-tank 9M27K2 244911,25
        Anti-personnel 9M27K3 312928,15
        Incendiary 9M27S 193134,65 XNUMX

        At the same time, the Smerch had the cost of one 300-mm RS was 1,8-2,3 million rubles.
        1. 0
          July 2 2021
          But the MLRS itself is a penny, and the SPG is an expensive machine.
        2. 0
          July 6 2021
          However ... Unexpectedly serious price tags, it turns out that the OD shell for the Tornado was worth while Renault Logan!
  7. 0
    July 3 2021
    Quote: Torvlobnor IV
    Much more unpleasant for "Tosochka" will be the presence of an enemy loitering ammunition nearby in the air, even the "pocket" one.

    The flight of the "ammunition" is about 30 minutes.
    Do you have time to determine the location of the battery?
    Plus to run (reach), turn around and launch before the volley?
  8. 0
    July 3 2021
    Quote: Every
    And what is the point of convening a CBT on a wheeled chassis? It is possible, after all, to develop a similar projectile for the Tornado-G.
    A feature of the TOS-1 was precisely the tank chassis, which made it possible to move in one column with the tanks and gave the crew good protection.
    The story with the air defense system is repeating itself. Instead of the excellent "Tor-2M" complex on a caterpillar track, they began to massively sculpt wheeled "Shells".

    There is such an innovation as roads,

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