Cecil Rhodes. "Napoleon of South Africa"

181

Monument to Cecil Rhodes in Kimberley

Today we will continue the story started in the article Cecil Rhodes: The True But "Wrong" Hero Of Britain And South Africa.

Rhodes' fate can rightfully be called amazing and even astounding. From childhood, the son of a provincial English vicar, who had health problems, came to Africa at the age of 17. At the age of 35, he already created the famous De Beers company. At the age of 36, he became one of the founders of the powerful British South African Company. At 37, Rhodes was already a knight, a member of the House of Lords and the Privy Council of the British Empire, and the Prime Minister of the Cape Colony. He wages wars and concludes treaties, builds cities and roads, plants gardens, establishes trade relations and organizes production. And still finds time to study at Oxford. He dies before he reaches the age of 49, being officially recognized as the richest and most influential man in Africa. Assessing his activity, he repeats before death:



"There is so much to be done, and how little has been done."

The first years of the hero's life


Cecil Rhodes. "Napoleon of South Africa"
Cecil Rhodes as a boy

Cecil Rhodes was born in 1853 in Hertfordshire, from where he moved to the South African province of Natal in 1870. His elder brother Herbert tried to grow cotton here.


Cotton plantation in South Africa

With cotton, things went wrong, and in 1871 the brothers moved to the provincial town of Kimberley (Cynburgh-leah - literally "Women who have the right to own land"). It was then here, on a farm owned by brothers Johannes and Diederik de Beer, that the first diamonds were found.


Colesberg Kopje, 1871: diamond mining at the site of the brothers de Beer

"Diamond Rush"


Very soon the name Kimberly will become known all over the world, and much of the credit for this belongs to Cecil Rhodes. In 1882, Kimberley, by the way, became the first city in the Southern Hemisphere to have electric lighting.

It all began with the fact that in 1866 the trader and hunter John O'Relley ended up on the farm of the Dutch settler Van-Nickerk, which was located near Hopetown on the banks of the Vaal River. Here he drew attention to a yellowish stone, similar to a piece of glass, with which Nikerk's son was playing. The boy's father gave this stone away for free, saying: “There are many such boulders here».

It turned out that this is a diamond weighing 21,25 carats, it was given the name "Eureka". In Cape Town, the stone was sold for the equivalent of 3 thousand dollars, half of this money O'Relly honestly gave to Van-Nikerk. After a series of resales in Europe, the price of this diamond has increased significantly. But the main sensation was the next find. The same Van-Niekerk exchanged all his horses and sheep for a stone shown to him by a local sorcerer-kaffir. It was the Star of South Africa diamond weighing 83 carats. Nikerk later sold it for $ 56.

Crowds of adventurers rushed to South Africa and at first they found diamonds even in the mud on the streets of Kimberley.


Bültfontein. Miners' camp at the diamond mine

And then these prospectors dug by hand the striking Big Hole quarry ("Big hole" - depth 240 m, width - 463 m), which was developed until 1914.


The Big Hole, Kimberley, 70s


The Big Hole, Kimberley, South Africa


The Big Hole Today

Diamonds with a total weight of 14,5 million carats were mined here. The largest of them weighed 428,5 carats and was named De Beers.

Cecil Rhodes, who came here because the local climate was considered curative for patients with bronchial asthma, realized that his place was not on the farm. Despite his illness, Rhodes was not at all a "armchair businessman." He traveled a lot through undeveloped lands and personally negotiated with the not always peaceful leaders of local tribes.


Cecil Rhodes in Africa


Rhodes negotiates with the Matabele leaders that ended the Second Matabele War

Towards De Beers


After moving to Kimberley, Cecil's older brother, Herbert Rhodes, took up the trade weapons, which he sold to local tribes, for which he later ended up in a Portuguese prison. And Rhodes initially rented out various mining equipment, such as pumps for pumping water, winches for lifting mined rock to the surface, and so on. Then he began to actively buy up small mines in the vicinity of Kimberley and succeeded so much that in 1873 he could afford, entrusting business to his partner Charles Rudd, to go to England.


Charles dunell rudd

Here Rhodes enrolled in Oriel College, Oxford University.

“What Alexander the Great did not do, I will do,” he once said then.

Business constantly forced him to leave for Africa, and he managed to get a diploma only in 1881. However, he did not forget about his university, leaving him a huge amount of 7 million pounds sterling at that time. The Rhodes Charitable Foundation still pays scholarships to students and teachers of Oriel College, which, as we recall from the previous article, does not stop them from insulting the benefactor and seeking the dismantling of his statue.

In Britain, Rhodes joined the Apollo Masonic lodge and established contacts with representatives of the Rothschild trading house, with loans from which he eventually bought up almost all the mines near Kimberley. Among them was the famous mine of the de Beer brothers' site. It was she who gave the name to the new company that Cecil Rhodes and Charles Rudd founded in 1888 - De Beers Consolidated Mining Limited. At this time he was only 35 years old.


Cecil Rhodes Mine Workers

After 15 years, De Beers controlled 95 percent of the world's diamond production. Moreover, many believe that it is thanks to Cecil Rhodes's clever advertising campaign that diamonds have acquired the modern status of jewelry for the rich, becoming a symbol of the "beautiful" luxurious life.


Cecil Rhodes, bust at De Beers headquarters

By the way, Rhodes holds a fantastic record for the amount of one drawn check. 5 pounds (more than $ 338 billion at current exchange rates) was paid to them for the purchase of the Kimberley Central Diamond Company. Rhodes also invested in diamond mining in India.

Then Rhodes founded the largest gold mining company in South Africa (Gold Fields of South Africa), for which he had to buy 8 gold-bearing areas near Johannesburg - in the territory owned by the Boers. This company controlled a third of the gold mining and made more money at the time than the Kimberley diamond mines.

British South African Company


And in 1889, Rhodes, together with Alfred Bate and the Duke of Abercorn, founded the British South African Company (BJAC).


British South African Company poster encouraging colonists to move to Rhodesia

Representatives of this company managed to obtain from Lobengula, the leader of the Ndebele tribe, a concession for the right to develop mineral resources.


Lobengula

Very soon Lobengula changed his mind and even sent a complaint to London. Do not think that this leader was trying to "save his tribe from a cruel colonizer": he was trying to beat out the best conditions for himself. But Rhodes' influence was already too great. And the imperial authorities worried about the problems of the native leaders no more than the notorious "sheriff" from the saying. Queen Victoria signed a charter that gave BUAC the right to govern territories from the Limpopo River to the great lakes of Central Africa. Moreover, the company received the right to create military and police units, and already on its own behalf, conclude new contracts and concessions.


One of Rhodes' squads


The Defense of the City of Salisbury (now Harare, the capital of Zimbabwe), 1896 This photograph can serve as an illustration to the famous poem by Hillair Belloc (1898):

“There is a clear answer to every question:
We have maxim, they don't have it. "

Rhodes quickly expanded the territory that BUAC controlled north of the Zambezi River (by signing a concession with the ruler of Levaniki). After signing an agreement with Kpzembe, the lands around Lake Mveru also fell into the sphere of influence of his company. But he failed to achieve annexation of the territory of Bechuanaland (Botswana), conquered in 1885, to his possessions: the leaders of local tribes achieved the status of a British protectorate for their lands.

Please note that the British have always sought to formalize their acquisitions, concluding contracts with the leaders of the native lands, or transferring them to the management of the imperial officials. And in the event of the outbreak of hostilities, they did not hesitate to conclude full-fledged peace treaties upon their completion - exactly the same as with European monarchs. Local rulers did not move, but these treaties determined their status and powers. The British acted especially subtly in India, where each rajah was entitled to strictly defined privileges and honors - up to the number of saluting salute guns agreed upon once and for all. And the British observed their part of the obligations under these unequal and only beneficial treaties very carefully. That is, from the point of view of the British, they acted absolutely legally on the territory of their colonies. And they were very indignant, severely punished the natives, if they, realizing the deception, violated the agreement signed by them.

By the end of his life, Rhodes controlled a land area of ​​two hundred ninety one thousand square miles. This is more of the territories of France, Belgium, Holland and Switzerland combined. In addition to Rhodesia, these were the lands of Bechuanaland, Nyasaland and even modern Uganda.

The British High Commissioner here was actually only Cecil Rhodes' secretary. Eyewitnesses recount one of Rhodes's conversations with Queen Victoria of Great Britain:

“- What have you been doing, Mr. Rhodes, since we last saw each other?
“I have added two provinces to Your Majesty's domain.
"I wish some of my ministers did the same, who, on the contrary, manage to lose my provinces."


Cecil Rhodes at his residence near Cape Town

Rhodes' dream was the unification under British rule of the belt of lands "from Cairo to Cape Town" - no more, no less.


Rhodes' British Empire corridor Through Africa. "All this is "red", this is my dream", Cecil Rhodes


Rhodes' plan for a railroad from Cape Town to Cairo


Cover sheet music for the march "From Cape Town to Cairo", written by A. Lee in honor of Cecil Rhodes in 1899.

Cecil Rhodes wrote then:

“What a pity that we cannot reach the stars shining above us at night in the sky! I would annex planets if I could; I often think about it. I am sad to see them so clear and at the same time so distant. "

Cecil Rhodes' Contribution to the Development of Agriculture in Modern South Africa


Among other things, Cecil Rhodes also became the founder of the current South African fruit industry. In the 1880s. in the vicinity of Cape Town, vineyards affected by phylloxera perished. Cecil Rhodes bought many farms, reorienting them to produce fruits that were exported to Europe. To do this, he had to equip refrigerators in the holds of the purchased ships. It is curious that along with seeds and seedlings, birds were then brought to South Africa to fight insect pests. And back in 1894, by order of Rhodes, Angora goats were brought from the Ottoman Empire to South Africa.

Cecil Rhodes' personal life


Cecil Rhodes was unmarried, claiming that he could not afford a family relationship due to extreme employment. Detractors accused him of having a homosexual relationship with personal secretary Neville Pickering. And Ekaterina Radziwill, nee Countess of Rzhevskaya, who came to South Africa in 1900, claimed that she was engaged to Rhodes. By the way, she became the heroine of one of V. Pikul's stories ("The Lady from the Gothic Almanac").


Ekaterina Radziwill, portrait by Giovanni Boldini

However, the court found the Polish woman a fraud, documents signed by Rhodes were found to be fake, the adventurer herself was sentenced to a year in prison.

Cecil Rhodes' political ambitions


Rhodes was a supporter of the Liberal Party and did not forget about big politics. At the age of 27, he was already a member of parliament. At the age of 37 - a knight, a member of the House of Lords and the Privy Council of the British Empire, he was elected Prime Minister of the Cape Colony, annexed in 1806 by the British from Holland.

Cecil Rhodes vs. Orange Republic and Transvaal


Rhodes' political career was ruined by an attempt to independently capture the Transvaal and the Orange Republic. The British authorities were outraged not by this military adventure, but by its failure. As you know, winners are not judged. But they don't stand on ceremony with the defeated.

In 1895, Rhodes sent a detachment of the British colonial official Leander Jameson (more than 500 people) to Johannesburg. Jameson was to overthrow the President of the Transvaal Republic - Paul Kruger. According to Rhodes' plan, numerous English workers were to support the British in this city. And then they should have turned to the official British authorities for help, presenting what was happening as a "revolt of peaceful colonists." However, the Boers learned about this campaign in time: Jameson's detachment was surrounded and defeated, many British were taken prisoner.

In 1896, Rhodes was forced to resign, but continued to use his influence to fuel anti-Boer sentiments in both Britain and South Africa. Largely thanks to his efforts, the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902 began, which ended with the victory of Great Britain and the annexation of the Orange Republic and the Transvaal. However, once during this war, Rhodes, at the head of a small detachment, had to defend the besieged Kimberley by the Boers.


Rhodes with his men in besieged Kimberley

And this is the young W. Churchill, who was captured, but managed to escape, and the Boer announcement of a reward (as much as 25 pounds) for his capture:


Before the signing of the peace treaty, Rhodes did not live, he died two months before the victory - on March 26, 1902. At the time of his death, Cecil Rhodes was not even 49 years old. Almost the entire population of Kimberley came to say goodbye to him. A grand farewell to Rhodes' body was also organized in Cape Town.


Farewell to Rhodes, Cape Town, April 3, 1902

And Rhodes was buried in the Matobo mountains on the territory of modern Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) - on a granite rock, which he once called "View of the World". The train with Rhodes' body had to stop at every station, since there were people everywhere who wanted to pay respect to his ashes. And already in Matobo, the natives of the Ndebele tribe at the burial gave Rhodes "royal" honors - "bayte" (Rhodes became the first white man to be given such an honor). It can be concluded that the aborigines themselves Cecil Rhodes were not considered a villain and an oppressor at that time.


Cecil Rhodes' funeral


Cecil Rhodes' grave

In December 2010, the Governor of the city of Bulawayo with the speaking name Cain Matema named Rhodes' grave “insulting African ancestors"And stated that she brings Zimbabwe bad luck and bad weather. His words were not forgotten, and when the country suffered a drought in 2013, nationalists urged President Mugabe to open Rhodes' grave and send his ashes to the UK. To the credit of the authorities of this country, they did not support this initiative. And the remains of Cecil Rhodes still rest in the land of the country that once bore his name.

And the Rhodes memorial was created in Cape Town on the slope of Table Mountain (near Devil's Peak) in 1912.


Cecil Rhodes Memorial in Cape Town

Rhodes' statue here has already been destroyed twice by vandals:


June 2020, photo by International Business Times

De Beers after the death of Cecil Rhodes


Founded by Rhodes, De Beers merged with Anglo-American, led by Ernst Oppenheimer, in the mid-20s. It was he who became the chairman of its board in 1927. Throughout the twentieth century, De Beers actually controlled the diamond market, keeping prices on them at the level it needed. It is curious that this policy was beneficial to other diamond producers, as prices were predictable and kept at a high level, which guaranteed stable operation of the enterprises. But at the end of the twentieth century, Nikki Oppenheimer, Ernst's grandson, insisted on a new development strategy. De Beers then abandoned its policy of buying up surplus diamonds and holding down their prices. However, De Beers sold 2018 million carats worth $ 33,7 billion in 5,4. The Russian company Alrosa sold $ 4,507 billion in diamonds in the same year.


De Beers diamonds


Alrosa diamonds
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  1. +6
    July 1 2021
    Throughout the XNUMXth century, De Beers effectively controlled the diamond market
    De Beers, in collaboration with an advertising company in Philadelphia (the first contract in 1938) NVAyer, actually CREATED the market for gem-quality diamonds - it was the PR specialists of this firm that introduced the idea that diamond jewelry is a symbol of love and fidelity into the culture of middle-income people. It worked - if before WW2 only 10% of the rings included a diamond, then already in 50- about 90%. The famous slogan "A diamond is forever" Diamond is forever (which appeared in 1948) was an attempt not only to connect the strength of relations with the donated stone, but also to prevent the development of the market for used jewelry - everyone knows that carbon does not strengthen family chains laughing
    1. +22
      July 1 2021
      At the end of the 60s, diamond mining began in the Soviet Arctic, and representatives of the USSR offered DeBeers to buy all uncut gem-quality diamonds. The representatives agreed - they could not stop mining in the USSR, and the monopoly could easily collapse - taking into account the latest technologies for geological prospecting for mining and cutting, diamonds are not at all so expensive. DeBeers engineers also said that the Soviets would not be able to supply many of their small, but high-quality optical diamonds, because they use a lot of water in their extraction, which is extremely difficult in the Arctic. We made a deal with the Soviets on the principle of "take it all" and the gentlemen breathed a sigh of relief. But in vain laughing ... Soviet engineers created production technologies that require several times less water than those used in the factories of prim gentlemen, and increased production in the USSR at times.
      All these small diamonds were bought by DeBeers, just as it had undertaken, but did not know what to do with it. American marketers have successfully answered the challenge of Soviet engineers by introducing the "ring of eternity" The Eternity Ring (pictured), where small Soviet diamonds are placed along the circumference of the entire ring. This ring, according to advertisers, had to be given to a lover who did not fade into the fog after marriage and who survived several years of joint flight. laughing - as a final bond. And again the trick worked! This is how Soviet mining engineers enriched the design industry.
      1. +10
        July 1 2021
        Thank you for the article and the addition in the form of your comments about the diamond, I honestly learned a lot of new things!
        hi
        1. +12
          July 1 2021
          Vlad, hello and best wishes! hi
          I join your gratitude, but I want to get in with my "five kopecks", this does not affect the essence of the question, just for accuracy.
          I myself like Belloc's lines:
          “There is a clear answer to every question:
          We have maxim, they don't have it. "
          But the photo is not Maxim, but Richard Gatling's .45-70 shotgun, created for the US Navy.

          She is in color, already as a museum exhibit.
      2. +2
        July 1 2021
        Alex, thank you, your comment is not a great informative article
        1. +1
          July 1 2021
          Thank you. They even showered me with minuses for her belay Minuser's photo below in the comments laughing
    2. +2
      July 1 2021
      The boy's father gave this stone away for free, saying: "There are many such stones here."


      again, fairy tales, how can a precious stone be called a cobblestone? Moreover, most likely, the translation is also not correct. Cobblestone is a large stone, which was noted in human history by the fact that it was used to make a cobblestone pavement. This size should be a cobblestone, but diamonds of this size are very rare.
      1. VLR
        +10
        July 1 2021
        About "cobblestones":
        "Subtleties of translation", perhaps.
        But, it is also quite possible that this is an ironic hyperbole: indeed, a farmer could disparagingly call a strange and by no means rare stone at that time in those places a cobblestone. In any case, the article lists its size in carats.
      2. +6
        July 1 2021
        Timur, do you have an idea of ​​precious stones as from a jewelry store. In nature, they have a rather nondescript appearance and acquire their beauty after processing.
        1. -1
          July 1 2021
          Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
          Timur, do you have an idea of ​​precious stones as from a jewelry store. In nature, they have a rather nondescript appearance and acquire their beauty after processing.


          you have the first place from the captain for the obviousness today.
          In addition to worshiping the golden calf, these stones, so you know, are in the first place in hardness of all earthly materials and therefore the manufacture of cutting and grinding tools gives them an advantage over other tools from other materials.
          Here it seems that the Jews from De Beers deliberately went on to hike the prices of diamonds in order to deprive humanity of high-quality tools, which will now cost fabulous money.
          The prices for gold and diamonds are only growing so that people cannot use the properties of these materials. This is a deliberate regression created by world Zionism.
          1. +3
            July 1 2021
            Jews from De Beers deliberately went to gouging the price of diamonds in order to deprive humanity of high-quality tools
            They also add blood to matzo Yes ... Industrial diamonds are not jewelry at all. These are small yellow (nitrogen impurity, which is very difficult to get rid of) stones, produced synthetically.
      3. +6
        July 1 2021
        I read that the natives ruled them with millstones.
      4. +7
        July 1 2021
        Quote: Bar1
        again, fairy tales, how can a precious stone be called a cobblestone?

        Type in the search engine the query "diamond in the rock" and admire. Or do you think that precious stones appear already faceted and sparkling? laughing
      5. +2
        July 2 2021
        In the Urals, the roads to the quarries were covered with tourmaline and overflow - even if not with diamonds and not pavements, but still! laughing
    3. +4
      July 1 2021


      It is much more interesting to read about these balls, which is in the background. The creation is MANUFACTURED, but obviously they were not made by Cecil Rhodes. By the way, Ryzhov, but what Rhodes built. Did you say about any cities?
      The colonialists do not build anything, but only loot, are there any examples of the opposite?
      1. VLR
        +14
        July 1 2021
        Almost all cities in South Africa were built by Europeans. The capital of Zimbabwe, Harare, for example, is Salisbury, founded in 1890, and named after the Prime Minister of Great Britain. Salisbury, as you remember from the last article, was a great admirer of Rhodes, called him a hero and said that the grandchildren would envy those now living, because they lived at the same time with this person. Cape Town was founded by the Dutch. Johannesburg - Boers. Etc. And, of course, all industry in South Africa is created by Europeans. Agriculture also rested on them. Southern Rhodesia - Zimbabwe was a prosperous country until the whites were stripped of all their rights and their land was taken from them. Now a potentially wealthy country is one of the most disadvantaged and destitute. People have contrived to starve in a country where you can harvest three crops a year, and where gold nuggets are still found right on the ground.
        1. +6
          July 1 2021
          Quote: VlR
          Almost all cities in South Africa were built by Europeans.

          it is clear that the settlers built something there, but the cities were founded not by them and not by Europeans, but by the local endemics / aborigines of the Boers

          -aborigin-a_bor / bar / boer_gen

          who have lived there since time immemorial, but the English colonialists, as usual, cling to this story.

          Yes, and the grave of this Rhodes, some kind of non-Christian, without crosses, what was his religion, voodoo?
          1. +3
            July 1 2021
            -aborigin-a_bor / bar / boer_gen

            who have lived there since time immemorial
            Jan Van Riebeck founded the Cape Colony in 1652. Before that, the Portuguese landed there. There were no native whites there.
            1. -1
              July 1 2021
              Quote: Bolt Cutter
              Jan Van Riebeck founded the Cape Colony in 1652. Before that, the Portuguese landed there. There were no native whites there.


              for reading Wikipedia, you are an A, but not for researching history.
          2. +1
            July 3 2021
            Yes, and the grave of this Rhodes, some kind of non-Christian, without crosses, what was his religion, voodoo?


            Freemason.
            // While attending Oriel College, Rhodes became a Freemason at the Apollo Lodge [en] [25]. Although Rhodes initially disapproved of the organization, he continued to be a Freemason until his death in 1902. The shortcomings of the Freemasons, in his opinion, later made him think about his own secret society in order to subordinate the whole world to British rule [26]. //
        2. +6
          July 1 2021
          Quote: VlR
          People have contrived to starve in a country where you can harvest three crops a year, and where gold nuggets are still found right on the ground.


          this once again suggests that gold is not eaten.
  2. +11
    July 1 2021
    I'm not a racist, but today's South Africa and Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia) are just a "pale shadow" from the past when the white minority was in power.
  3. +7
    July 1 2021
    The Boers let Rhodes down. They were offended, he equated them with the leaders of African tribes. He could act more subtle, interest them or in some other way. Interestingly, during the Gold Rush in the USA, millionaires were mostly not those who mined, but those who provided the miners. Also it was in Africa and here it was not without gangs that robbed the miners.
    1. +11
      July 1 2021
      So everywhere and always it was, is and will be.
      "He who does not work eats! Study, student!"
  4. +6
    July 1 2021
    ,
    when the country suffered a drought in 2013, nationalists urged President Mugabe to open Rhodes' grave and send his ashes to the UK. To the credit of the authorities of this country, they did not support this initiative. And the remains of Cecil Rhodes still rest in the land of the country that once bore his name.

    .

    Never mind, they will still be sent home, in the name of which he worked.

    If the statues of THEIR Confederate slave-owners were dragged out of the US Capitol, then the alien Rhodes in Africa has nothing to do with lying ...
    1. +9
      July 1 2021
      Olgovich, perhaps you are right, in our time ...
      Although I cannot understand the destruction of any monuments.
      This is history . It was . It cannot be changed. Although you can interpret it differently.
      We see this from the recent past in Eastern Europe.
      1. VLR
        +11
        July 1 2021
        A war with monuments, that is, with its own history, is disgusting. There is no difference between these:


        (Algeria)
        By this:


        (Kiev)
        By this:


        (Prague)
        By this:


        (Ciechinek, Poland)

        And this:


        (Moscow, August 22, 1991)
        1. +7
          July 1 2021
          Monuments are different. In 1988, I managed to visit the monumental sculpture factory in Kaluga. The giant heads of Ilyich, lying in numbers on the site of finished products, made a phantasmagoric impression.
          Thank you, Valery!
        2. +8
          July 1 2021
          Valery hi You also forgot this stupid splash of religious fanaticism.


          The dense Middle Ages with modern weapons, an eerie symbiosis.

          Many thanks for the article. smile
          1. +6
            July 1 2021
            It is impossible to justify the destruction of monuments, but it was the Hindus and Buddhists who began to destroy the monuments first. This was one of the reasons for the destruction of these statues by the Taliban in 2001, despite the protests of the world community, including Islamic countries.
            Babri Mosque was destroyed by a crowd of 150 Hindu nationalists on December 6, 1992, contrary to the protection order of the Supreme Court of India (from Wikipedia). And here the "world community" was silent.
            [img] https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Babri_Masjid.jpg?uselang=ru [/ img]
            1. +8
              July 1 2021
              I do not think that the Taliban proceeded from the principle of "debt by payment is good." They are brutal guys.
              1. +5
                July 1 2021
                Good day! What kind of rectal clown is running here with minuses, you have no guesses, by chance?
                1. +8
                  July 1 2021
                  Gremlins, sir! laughing
                  1. +4
                    July 1 2021
                    Here he is, darling - in a red jacket wassat A minute before imminent punishment laughing
                  2. +6
                    July 1 2021
                    Yeah, bushy creep. laughing
                2. +8
                  July 1 2021
                  The devil only knows, it is easier for another individual to put the simplest arithmetic sign than to make a meaningful phrase out of half a dozen words. laughing
                  1. +3
                    July 1 2021
                    make a meaningful phrase out of half a dozen words
                    For him, this is apparently an impossible task. wassat
                    1. +7
                      July 1 2021
                      But what else, in the same place the "thinking" center is not the head, but the head. fool
              2. +1
                July 2 2021
                Quote: Sea Cat
                I do not think that the Taliban proceeded from the principle of "debt by payment is good." They are brutal guys.

                I wrote that this was one of the reasons. Because of the constant wars and interference of foreign states in their internecine showdowns, anyone would be brutalized. If the Taliban at one time agreed with the demands of the gangster megacorporations, as the Saudis did (you can find detailed information on the Internet), believe me, the controlled media would call them "the second, after India, exemplary democracy" in the region.
        3. +9
          July 1 2021
          Quite right! You have confirmed my point expressed and developed in the previous article about Rhodes.

          Over the past 60-65 years, most African countries have gained independence. As they liked to write in the leading articles "The freedom-loving peoples of Africa, as a result of a just struggle for independence, got rid of the colonial oppression of the imperialists and with their own hands are building a happy future on their land."
          It should be noted that something went wrong with the "happy future". Freedom that unexpectedly fell on them turned into a series of military coups, devastation, hunger, and the most severe bloodshed.
          Usually, it was customary to blame everything on the difficult colonial past, to tell that the intrigues of yesterday's colonialists "do not allow the people to breathe the air of freedom in full force." But, as it turned out later, for the most part, these were ordinary internal showdowns of local political functionaries who were seeking for themselves and their entourage a greater number of benefits and preferences. Moreover, for the sake of justice, it should be said that the freedom-loving countries there were not thrown into the production of fate. There were Kind Uncles who provided them for tens of years with practically free multi-billion dollar assistance by specialists in all sectors of the national economy, equipment for factories, food, weapons, support in the international arena, etc., etc. Unfortunately, it turned out that all this was wasted work, alas ... hi
          1. +1
            July 1 2021
            And what is the reason, do you think?
            1. +1
              July 1 2021
              Quote: Katiusha
              And what is the reason, do you think?

              The reason for what? Failure with a bright future? The uselessness of the investments of the Good Uncles?
              1. 0
                July 1 2021
                I'm interested in both. Although these are the links of the same chain - don't you think?
                Good Uncles invested = got results = bright future.
                What's wrong with the formula? Seems to be good?
                What was not taken into account and gave a fatal result?
                1. +7
                  July 1 2021
                  Quote: Katiusha
                  I'm interested in both. Although these are the links of the same chain - don't you think?
                  Good Uncles invested = got results = bright future.
                  What's wrong with the formula? Seems to be good?
                  What was not taken into account and gave a fatal result?

                  The lives of countries and peoples do not fit into simple formulas. Evolutions are always better than revolutions, but they are slow. Previously, the change of social and social formations took centuries, but today, we want to do it for years, and even rushing from side to side.

                  By the end of the 50s, the USSR habitually divided the governments of the countries of the world into backward feudal-monarchist and progressive ones. If the West looked at the world through the prism of oil reserves and minerals, the USSR did not need oil, but the foreign policy of the USSR in the second half of the 60s was a reflection of the concept of global competition between the two world systems.

                  The liberated and independent countries of Africa and the Middle East took advantage of the Soviet-Western contradictions simply subtly. It was enough to loudly call oneself a "democratic republic", speculate about "socialist orientation" and declare the struggle against colonialism and neo-colonialism, as these words turned into quite tangible economic and military bonuses from the USSR, the CMEA countries and the Warsaw Pact.
                  In reality, all these funds were simply plundered by the ruling elite. The country was brought to the handle, the people to complete amazement. Then, presumptuous politicians were overthrown by some regular general or even a lieutenant, and everything started all over again.
                  There are many nations in the world who do not need any "democracy." They are accustomed to living under the thumb of their Tyrants and Dictators, working from under the gun under pain of punishment, paying bribes to officials for any reason, solving all their simple affairs. This has been going on for centuries. You cannot thoughtlessly destroy their established way of life. You can see for yourself that for the place of the overthrown Big Pahan, small farmers will instantly begin to fight, and as a result, this translates into the most severe suffering of ordinary people.
                  1. 0
                    July 1 2021
                    There are many nations in the world who do not need any "democracy."

                    I agree - only I use the concept of "progress" (the concept of "democracy", unfortunately, with a "double bottom").
                    For example, there is no Big Pahan in Uraine, they chose whoever they wanted, and the result: the economy was plundered and destroyed, world records of corruption and the degree of external control.
                    The same in Africa (note of Rhodesia / Zimbabwe).
                    What's the catch?
                    You may be right - but then it's not just a "habit of living"
                    there must be something more fundamental.
                    1. +4
                      July 1 2021
                      Quote: Katiusha
                      I agree - only I use the concept of "progress" (the concept of "democracy", unfortunately, with a "double bottom").
                      For example, there is no Big Pahan in Uraine, they chose whoever they wanted, and the result: the economy was plundered and destroyed, world records of corruption and the degree of external control.

                      "Democracy" has no double bottom. It is you and I that feel a kind of "deformation" in the modern world, as, say, the word "breed" today, in addition to its basic meaning, has come to mean deception.
                      Ukraine is just a special case. Remember that not everything can be easily put into a simple formula.
                      I am not a professional political scientist, but a simple amateur. I cannot formulate something fundamental on the fly like this. Maybe one of the participants will take it?
                      1. 0
                        July 2 2021
                        "Democracy" has no double bottom.

                        It has. As well as, for example, the concept of "external debt".
                        149% in the United States and 132% in Zimbabwe - seem to be close, and there is a chasm between them.
                        In the world game called "Democracy" only the circle of the elite is shining
                        what is offered to all the world's naive Zimbabweans under this publicized beautiful brand. Nothing personal - for the banal reason of the limited resources of the world. Something like this.
                      2. +1
                        July 2 2021
                        Quote: Katiusha
                        "Democracy" has no double bottom.

                        It has. As well as, for example, the concept of "external debt".
                        149% in the United States and 132% in Zimbabwe - seem to be close, and there is a chasm between them.
                        In the world game called "Democracy" only the circle of the elite is shining
                        what is offered to all the world's naive Zimbabweans under this publicized beautiful brand. Nothing personal - for the banal reason of the limited resources of the world. Something like this.

                        Can't catch how democracy is here?
                        It is possible that you do not correctly understand the meaning of this word. (I wanted to say "concepts", but I remembered that in today's Russian, this word means something completely different.)
                        The chasm between Zimbabwe and the United States is not because democracy is a bad thing.
                      3. 0
                        July 3 2021
                        The chasm between Zimbabwe and the United States is not because democracy is a bad thing.

                        Of course. It's like wars in the world, not because the Kalashnikov assault rifle is a nasty thing.
                        Democracy is a tool.
                        Agree that the same machine gun in the hands of an adult and a child - two big differences. How long will a child live playing with a machine? So it is with democracy. Apparently, this tool is sharpened for the basic mentality of levels higher than conventionally children. And in the Greek primary source, demos is far from the entire population.
                        In the hands of civilian infantiles, democracy is an instrument of suicide, followed by plunder by outside, well-organized "adults." Examples - Zimbabwe, Ukraine, etc.
                      4. 0
                        July 3 2021
                        Quote: Katiusha
                        In the hands of civilian infantiles, democracy is an instrument of suicide, followed by plunder by outside, well-organized "adults." Examples - Zimbabwe, Ukraine, etc.

                        On the one hand, you are right, you do not know how to use a tool - there is nothing to even touch with your hands. On the other hand, do you have a different political system in mind? I do not have.
                        However, many countries around the world are doing it better or worse.
                        I understand how Ukraine hurts the Russians. But what do you care about Zimbabwe? Or is it so, for example?
                        As a fact, before gaining independence in 1980, Zimbabwe was one of the most economically developed countries on the African continent. In other words, they lived well without any independence. By the way, do you know very well who and how pushed this country towards independence and "democracy"?
                      5. 0
                        July 3 2021
                        On the other hand, do you have a different political system in mind? I do not have.

                        Infantile peoples (with resources) have no options for life without "adults".
                        And this is a diktat, in one form or another.
                        Until / if adult developmental levels are reached.
                        And here it is better with their "adults" than with strangers.
                        approx. Singapore is an enlightened dictatorship.
                        I understand how Ukraine hurts the Russians.

                        Ukraine is my homeland. A country, not a current state.
                        But what do you care about Zimbabwe?

                        There was a first-hand observation experience.
            2. +2
              July 1 2021
              Quote: Katiusha
              And what is the reason, do you think?


              the fact is that blacks and darks do not create progress, black Africa and Latin America are vivid examples of backwardness, poverty and a regressive economy based only on the merciless exploitation of nature and unable to contain the explosion of demography. Asia is hardworking hard workers who can not think of anything on their own, but copy what the whites came up with.
              The fact that the world is rapidly turning black and that the whites simply do not have a place for their own dwelling is an example of Moscow: apparently ALL Kyrgyzstan has already moved to Moscow. They were left a prosperous land, but these tribes, as they were primitive communal, have remained so even now. They themselves are nothing. they cannot, and like parasites roam along with the creator people.
              And the fact that the world turns black is NOT a natural process, but a man-made one, those who lead these processes lead humanity to a dead end.
              1. 0
                July 3 2021
                the point is that black and dark do not create progress

                I don't like racism, but yes, you involuntarily slip into it in discussions about progress.
                this is NOT a natural process, but a man-made one, those who lead these processes lead humanity to a dead end.

                The likelihood of naturalness is also there.
                Civilizations create excessive pressure on natural habitats.
                In the form of capitalist forms - suicidal pressure.
                So they are hampered by "barbarians" from time to time. To give nature a rest.
                The alternative is in careful, stress-free methods of management and morality.
                But this is a boring thing)) for those who went to the level of the lord of their slide or the world mountain.
                1. +1
                  July 3 2021
                  Quote: Katiusha
                  I don't like racism, but yes, you involuntarily slip into it in discussions about progress.


                  Well, if you don't like it, then you should like that foreigners are more and more filling our lands, villages and cities, that they are already roaming the streets in CROWDS and their speech is already heard everywhere, but they are not willing to switch to Russian and it would be better in general They did not say why in Russian. Look at Europe, there is no longer a passage from the blacks. Do you like it?
                  And you say racism.
                  -Racism is Russism i.e. the struggle for their race began long ago, the whites lost and the world turns black, and after it humanity perishes along with nature.

                  There is such a "scientist, Chudinov. In fact, a freak: he sees the inscriptions where others do not see, BUT he has two degrees of physics and philology and sometimes he tells interesting things.
                  So he said that there was such a people of Etruscans, they founded Rome, and then they disappeared somewhere else. OI cannot explain their strange disappearance. And Chudinov says this: Latins began to flock to Rome to the Etruscans, just as migrant workers now and when there were a lot of them, they simply drove the Etruscans out of the country, or simply deprived them of their power, and rewrote history. This is how it is done.
                  Don't like racism? But we need to resist the invasion of non-Russians on our lands.
                  1. +1
                    July 3 2021
                    there was such a people of Etruscans, they founded Rome

                    Not only EtRuski, also Prussians (no longer either). Half of Europe were Slavs, Latins became.
                    Don't like racism? But we need to resist the invasion of non-Russians on our lands.

                    I agree.
        4. -1
          July 1 2021
          The difference between the first photo and the rest is still very big. Frogs killed over a million Algerians during their struggle for their country's independence.
          1. VLR
            +4
            July 1 2021
            Algeria is a very special case, an exception to the rule. It was not a colony, but an overseas department of France - an absolutely equal part of the country, along with Provence or Alsace. Several generations of "black-footed French" lived there, who considered Algeria their homeland - more than a million people. Algeria developed rapidly, catching up with the rest of France in socio-economic development. And all this collapsed because of the extremists of the FLN, who killed both the French and their compatriots much more than the French. The Harkas alone (Arab men who defended their villages from the FLN terrorists) after the departure of the French, brutally killed more than 250 thousand. Nobody counted their family members. Having achieved independence, the leaders of the FLN have turned Algeria into an impoverished and unstable state, one of the most dangerous in the world for tourists. From which the Arabs fled and are fleeing to the "vile colonizers" - to France. I wrote about this in detail in the articles about the Algerian War of the Foreign Legion.
            1. 0
              July 2 2021
              I read those articles of yours, there is a lot of contradictory, one-sided information and there I expressed my opinion. But I liked this article.
        5. +7
          July 1 2021
          Quote: VlR
          A war with monuments, that is, with its own history, is disgusting.

          I agree.
          And what to do with these?

          Or with this?

          The latter, however, is in the USA, but on the territory of the Russian Orthodox Church, as far as I know ...
          Will you, Valeriy, oppose the quite possible, in my opinion, future "banderopad" in Ukraine?
          In general, to paraphrase Jack London, I would say this: whether a gentleman can call a woman a pig depends on what kind of woman is. Whether a monument has the right to exist depends on who (or what) it was erected in memory of.
          We have not burned out yet ... Even the events of a hundred years ago still burn many (including me) butts.
          1. VLR
            +6
            July 1 2021
            Mikhail, there are two options for answering your question. Or collect monuments to Bandera and others in the Goblin Sanctuary Park. Or leave standing where they were, and on the sides - plates depicting the atrocities of the Banderites, with all the details. And the indication of the names of officials - federal and local, under which the monument to the inhuman was erected.
            1. +4
              July 1 2021
              To carry is to demolish.
              And to surround with yours is like making the center of the composition. Everything is extremely complicated here.
              And how do you like the idea of ​​attaching to such monuments an appropriate-sized gallows with a noose thrown around the subject's neck? smile
              There is another option - to paint such monuments in certain colors - disgusting and unpleasant for the human eye. For example, in a black and white stripe. smile
              And the third option is to put a cage around the figures, symbolizing the prison bars. laughing
              No, Valery ... Everything we have said here is useless. Probably, your "goblin sanctuary" is the best of the proposed, but this, after all, is already a transfer, which means demolition means everything from the beginning ...
              Although, on the whole, I agree: the war on monuments is a heinous, disgusting thing.
            2. +3
              July 1 2021
              at the Goblin Sanctuary Park.
              Why do you, Valery, don't like Simak so much ???
          2. +3
            July 1 2021
            In general, to paraphrase Jack London, I would say this: whether a gentleman can call a woman a pig depends on what kind of woman is.
            And this is exactly what Jack London said, and not Konstantin Melihan? laughing
            1. +1
              July 2 2021
              Jack London has a story called Under the Awning. It's from there.
          3. +1
            July 1 2021
            Hi Mikhail hi
            And what to do with these?


            At the very least, treat with a certain amount of irony and sarcasm. The author of this private monument to Krasnov with some kind of six-man, if only he went to the museum or something, before sculpting such a "incorruptible".
            Here are images of real DKV Kleinods from Sytin's encyclopedia

            And here is the very museum photo of the ataman mace of the Don Army

            PS In the DKV there were two ataman maces - the "older" 17th century, which was used exclusively as a cerimonal (it disappeared without a trace in the civil war), and the "small" - its "everyday" exact copy of the early 19th century (from 1923 in the Museum of the Revolution)
          4. +3
            July 1 2021
            I would say that new ones should not be built.

            Better to plant a tree, or even better an alley.
            Whoever needs it will remember - in honor of what.

            And if it falls out of old age, there is an opportunity to replace it.
            1. +3
              July 1 2021
              Quote from Korsar4
              I would say that new ones should not be built.

              Better to plant a tree, or even better an alley.
              Whoever needs it will remember - in honor of what.

              And if it falls out of old age, there is an opportunity to replace it.

              Good evening to the respectable company!
              Today I heard a kind thought from our fellow countryman Anton.
              "Monuments are good, but if there is a choice to settle Peter's communal house or erect a monument, I will choose a new house."
              Best regards, Vlad!
              1. +3
                July 1 2021
                Sometimes I think so according to Salyuta.
                Victory Day is an exception.
                1. +2
                  July 1 2021
                  About Victory Day I agree unequivocally !!!
            2. +3
              July 1 2021
              hi Sergey.
              Better to plant a tree, or even better an alley.
              Whoever needs it will remember - in honor of what.

              I strongly doubt that the owners of the "monuments" mentioned by Mikhail have erected them on their territory for the sake of memory. It is more likely that for provocative purposes - for the sake of inciting unhealthy hype.
              Apparently, the more or less well-established balance in the country after the cataclysms that fell to its lot does not give someone peace
              1. +2
                July 1 2021
                "Time to sew, and time to tear apart sewn" (s).
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. 0
                  July 1 2021
                  Bible. Ecclesiastes. Chapter 3:
                  Time to collect stones and time to scatter them (s)

                  ... And if by stones we mean monuments? A rather unusual analogy is obtained for today's events.
                  Or maybe someone today simply pervertedly interprets the Bible for their immediate benefit? request
                  1. +2
                    July 1 2021
                    Parables are not necessarily literal.
                    But I think the analogies did not come to mind by chance.
                    1. +4
                      July 1 2021
                      Ekaterina Radziwill, née Countess Rzewska, who came to South Africa in 1900, claimed to be engaged to Rhodes.
                      However, the court found the Polish woman a fraud, documents signed by Rhodes were found to be fake, the adventurer herself was sentenced to a year in prison.

                      The court held as many as two (Two !!!) sessions until it established a simple truth - there could be no question of any engagement, since the lady at that time was married to Wilhelm Radziwill laughing
                      After serving her time, she moved to America, where in 1906, having found herself another rich "groom" - a Swedish engineer, she divorced Radziwill smile
                      The lady, by the way, was rather "muddy".
                      She plays a significant role in inflating the history of the so-called protocols of the Elders of Zion. Ekaterina Radziwill claimed that the protocols were prepared by Russian journalists Matvey Golovinsky and Manasevich-Manuilov on the instructions of the Okhranka in 1904 and handed over to SA Nilus. However, this contradicts the chronology of events: the protocols were published in Russia before Nilus by P. Krushevan in the Znamya newspaper in 1903.
                      1. +1
                        July 2 2021
                        Quote: Richard
                        She plays a significant role in inflating the history of the so-called protocols of the Elders of Zion.

                        Exactly, but I still could not remember where I had already heard this name .. hi
        6. -1
          July 2 2021
          Quote: VlR
          A war with monuments, that is, with its own history, is disgusting.

          unconditionally.

          But I don't see dozens of demolished and destroyed ones in your selection. thousands monuments of RUSSIA - Russian Emperors, generals, Russian Heroes, fallen soldiers OV 1812, VOV, RTV, etc.

          As for the last photo, everything is fair: on the Lubyanka there should be a wonderful monument of sculpture that was previously illegally demolished from there Vitali's fountain.

          and this one, let it stand in Cheryomushki, and not take ANOTHER place.
  5. +7
    July 1 2021
    At 37, Rhodes is already a knight, a member of the House of Lords and the Privy Council of the British Empire

    The fact that Rhodes was a knight and a member of the House of Lords, for some reason, is not mentioned in any of his biography.
    Rhodes' dream was the unification under British rule of the belt of lands "from Cairo to Cape Town" - no more, no less.

    “I affirm that we are the first race in the world, and that the larger the part of the world we live in, the better it will be for the human race. I affirm that every acre added to our territory means the birth of even more of the English races ... Just imagine those parts that are currently inhabited by the most despicable examples of human beings, what changes would be in them if they fell under the influence of the Anglo-Saxons ... "
    This was written by Rhodes, but when you read it, for some reason I remember another character, with a mustache under his nose and bangs on the left side, according to the author's classification - also "a real, but wrong hero."
    1. VLR
      +8
      July 1 2021
      In the last article I wrote that Rhodes was a supporter of the theory of the superiority of the British over people of other nationalities and therefore was the enemy of other great powers, including Russia. And that the activities of opponents of the Rhodes level should be studied, drawing certain conclusions.
      1. +6
        July 1 2021
        He was not only a supporter of theory, but also a supporter of practice.
      2. +5
        July 1 2021
        You have not conclusions, but admiration. Okay, what are the lessons to be drawn from Rhodes' life?
        To play off and deceive peoples, for the good of the empire? Never forget about personal gain? To be homosexual, so as not to be distracted by the family?)) (This is a joke, do not be offended).
        For me, a person who has always done something useful for society, for the whole world has always been an example.
  6. +3
    July 1 2021
    "O'Relly honestly gave half of it to Van-Nicker" acted like a decent man. Another could simply "forget" where he got this: "cobblestone"
  7. Fat
    +9
    July 1 2021
    Great article, thanks to Valery.
    It is necessary to take a break and stir the remnants of the gray matter.
  8. +7
    July 1 2021
    Very interesting and exciting, as if I had read a summary of Haggard's novel. Thank you!
  9. +3
    July 1 2021
    Quote: knn54
    I'm not a racist, but today's South Africa and Zimbabwe (Southern Rhodesia) are just a "pale shadow" from the past when the white minority was in power.

    This is indeed the case. Probably, Mugabe believed that 50 years would be like "rolling cheese in butter"
    I don't remember, I think Zimbabwe, Southern Rhodesia, in terms of economic indicators, held out for 30-35 years? Colleagues, I was not very interested in this topic and could be wrong
    1. VLR
      +6
      July 1 2021
      Before gaining independence in 1980 South Rodesia - Zimbabwe, one of the most developed and richest states in Africa. Until 2000, while the whites continued to work, they somehow held on.
      But since 2000, there have been massive layoffs of whites, the forcible confiscation of farms and land from them, plus their seizure by various gangs.
      Result: since 2003, the country, which harvested 3 crops a year, and which previously exported food, began to import food.
      The volume of industrial production fell by 2 times. Even the super-profitable mining industry has been contrived to decline.
      1. +1
        July 1 2021
        Forty years lasted. It seems that they chose the socialist path of development? At least there was something on TV then
        1. 0
          July 1 2021
          chose the socialist path of development?
          They were building racist socialism.
          1. +2
            July 1 2021
            Such will set up. My grandmother told me and it flashed on the website that in the Soviet Union in the 60-70s they were ready to support anyone if only he said: "socialism".
  10. +8
    July 1 2021
    Colleagues, Valery, good morning. We have something to read and talk about, otherwise we missed the good material
  11. +6
    July 1 2021
    Rhodes, was a typical colonizer and acted in the same way. After the abolition of the apartheid system, the indigenous population, as it was poorly educated and illiterate in the bulk, remained. Yes, they "got accustomed to their needs, they loved sausage and sour cream." They were not involved in government, they stewed in their tribal worlds with their own traditions, customs. These traditions have remained. The colonialists did not break them, it is easier to manage and exploit.
    1. VLR
      +12
      July 1 2021
      That's right, Daniel.
      And in the USSR they went the other way. Languages ​​were invented by compiling alphabets and grammars and forced to learn these languages ​​by everyone living on the territory of a union or autonomous republic - indiscriminately. Representatives of "formerly oppressed nationalities" were admitted to universities out of competition. They were involved in management - "the indigenization of Soviet power", and then - the first secretary of the always "titular" nationality. The previously non-existent borders of the union republics were drawn (rather arbitrarily). And the result? Oddly enough, the British are better: the British Commonwealth of Nations (54 states) exists, its head is Queen Elizabeth. And the CIS is on its last legs. The Queen of Great Britain is the head of 15 more states: Australia, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Canada, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Solomon Islands, Tuvalu, Jamaica. If tomorrow the British vote for a republic, grandmother Lisa with her numerous relatives and offspring will simply move to Ottawa or Canberra.
      The communists were doing something wrong, and from the best intentions (which, as is known, paved the road to hell).
      Therefore, it is necessary to study the activities of Rhodes.
      1. +2
        July 1 2021
        Valery, out of opposition: if the British vote for a republic, it is not yet a fact that Australia will retain the monarchy.
      2. +5
        July 1 2021
        Valery, the communists did not take into account that the mentality that has been formed for millennia cannot be transformed in a decade. His mentality cannot even be broken. Because children who will grow up and create a new generation, brought up and trained in a school imposed by strangers, at the same time in families from birth are brought up according to the canons of past customs, beliefs and ideas. What he took from his parents until he came to school is yours for life.
        So it turns out that out of the total mass of one generation, only an insignificant part of the young almost completely perceives the new, imposed from the outside. Almost - because, no matter how a person is immersed in the new, offered by strangers, he is a child of his people - I assure you that he always remembers this.
        And when there is an opportunity to throw off the imposed from the outside, people do it, returning to the customs of their ancestors. Even if they, who have partially forgotten how to live by these rules, will face hunger and poverty.
        And the kings have learned to sell.

        People, willingly mastering the achievements of other people's technologies at the level of everyday life, are not able to independently reach the design, development and production of these items. Because they did not have millennia of formation of science, technology and organization of production. This is not in customs, not in mentality. They just didn't need to. For they were satisfied with the primitive way of life. This way of life is not coupled with the stressful burden of someone else's way of life, which is excessive for primitives, and therefore we reject it en masse at the first opportunity.
        1. +1
          July 1 2021
          Lyudmila Yakovlevna Kuznetsova, Alas, the communists did not have enough time to make changes in thinking, mentality. 70 years is not enough for this, if you also clarify when and in what regions Soviet power was consolidated, plus the war and many other subjective and objective reasons. RI was unable to fully Russify the peoples living on its territory.
          1. +5
            July 1 2021
            Daniel, I agree with you. Did not have enough time. Circumstances. But among these circumstances, there was one that turned out to be the main one. They don't talk about him, but if they do, they turn out to be nationalists.
            If Rhodes worked for the good of Britain, it means, in the end, for the good of all the inhabitants of this island through the exploitation of Africans, then in the Union, for the good of the national outskirts, the state-forming people were exploited, the overwhelming majority of whom gradually came to understand this phenomenon. It was such a colony, of a special type. When several nations exploit one, but these nations were exposed as if the state-forming entity was exploiting them. And when the exhaustion of the Russian nation reached its limit and there was nothing more to take from it, the Union collapsed, and the breakaway parts began to look for new colonizers who could give something to themselves. The competition is fine. And in this competition the colonizer who will preserve the primitive mentality of the territory will win. For example, the same Turkmenistan does not need external management yet, there is enough gas. But as soon as possible.
            1. +6
              July 1 2021
              then in the Union, in the name of the good of the national borderlands, the state-forming people, in the overwhelming majority, gradually came to an understanding of this phenomenon, were exploited.

              This issue was never objectively covered by anyone and was used exclusively for propaganda purposes. Therefore, no understanding has come about here.
              This can be confirmed by the mutually exclusive sobbing of certain individuals about a socialist paradise and, right there, about the exploitation of the state-forming people. Or remove the cross. or lower your shirt.
              1. +4
                July 1 2021
                Viktor Nikolaevich, is it you for me? )))
                I never said that I lived in paradise. Moreover, life for a Russian person in one of the Caucasian republics has never seemed like honey. But the rules by which this life proceeded were clear, the laws did not change, people adapted. The ability to adapt, as it later became clear, was a tremendous value. And this value, the immutability of the laws of being, allowing long-term planning of one's own life, in the second half of the 80s began to actively destroy and very professionally brought the matter to an end. And the reasons why the state-forming nation put up with this is the exhaustion of patience as a result of the exhaustion of moral strength. The passengers who inhabited the cart were fed more and more satisfyingly, and the horse that was dragging it, became poorer, and even with a revelatory whip, they began to lash, they say, it was all to blame for everyone.
            2. +1
              July 1 2021
              Union collapsed
              The union was purposefully destroyed. See Kissinger & Co. But the factors that you write about - yes, "in the Game".
              1. +2
                July 1 2021
                Quote: Katiusha
                The union was purposefully destroyed. See Kissinger & Co. But the factors that you write about - yes, "in the Game".


                if Lenin and Stalin had not invented the Union, it would not have collapsed, but like this: right up to secession. "Why was this writing?
                1. +2
                  July 2 2021
                  Read the classics of world "collapse")).
                  Brzezinski's works are available in translated audio format. It is easy to listen to.
                  And Lenin and Stalin ... unfortunately, to create the continuity of the state elite,
                  playing historically for a long time, only the Anglo-Saxons succeeded.
                  Little hungry island by the light in the backyard
                  recklessly and cruelly bred the rest of the world for resources for 500 years already ..
                  What to do? To envy? Copy?
                  I think - to learn and create your own, they have beautiful advertising and self-promotion,
                  but creepy under the skin, not for the faint of heart.
                  1. +2
                    July 3 2021
                    Quote: Katiusha
                    And Lenin and Stalin ..


                    what is Lenin to Stalin?

                    Quote: Katiusha
                    unfortunately, to create continuity of the state elite,
                    playing historically for a long time, only the Anglo-Saxons succeeded.
                    Little hungry island by the light in the backyard
                    recklessly and cruelly bred the rest of the world for resources for 500 years already ..


                    The Anglican empire began to be outlined as a naval power probably only from the Anglo-Spanish war of the 16-17th century, and gained weight only by the 19th century, so there is no need to ascribe to the Angle that they did not have extra centuries.

                    As for power. Power, apparently, in the world is ONE. And it is located, just on the British Isles, therefore it is stable. And all the other colonies, which are called "countries and states", are consumables for the means of government, so the world is changing, and POWER in the form of England remains unchanged. In this form, this world is understandable.
                    The Romanovs, Hohenzeulerns, Habsburgs were most likely part of the same government during the 1st m.v. they simply surrendered the POWER to the more unprincipled, and themselves, with their "gold reserves", went far away, well, where you can live well on the loot and not shine.
                    But as you can see, either they squandered or go on principle and demand that Putin return power over the colony of Russia, therefore they are building all sorts of nasty things already at this time.
                    1. +1
                      July 3 2021
                      the Anglican empire began to be delineated as a naval power probably only from the Anglo-Spanish war of the 16-17th century

                      Defeat the first mistress of the seas, albeit with a mystical component (storm), make a radical decision on a pirate way of developing world resources,
                      to accept the technology of banking and Freemasonry - this means to start shitting, the countdown has begun.
                      16-17-18-19-20th - albeit incomplete, but 500 years is, as for me.
                      Moreover, "crap", including in the metaphysical sense
                      (Surf the ceremonial wipes of Elizabeth with a snake (a reptile in our opinion)).

                      For the rest - a little later ...
                    2. +1
                      July 3 2021
                      As for the power, power seems to be ONE in the world, and it is located exactly on the British Isles, therefore it is stable.

                      The geopolitical scheme of the world dynamics of development is closer to me, in different descriptions as:
                      Island States of the Sea vs Land States,
                      Carthage 1-2-3 vs Rome 1-2-3,
                      George the Victorious vs Serpent / Gad / Dragon.
                      At the same time, it is harder and easier for "sea pirates": it is more difficult because there are NO resources on their islands, they have to spin not childishly, especially with their brains, in order to survive. Do you think it's easy to build world chess for hundreds of years?
                      And it is "easier" for them, because their strength lies in their infernal lack of principle - they "can do anything."
                      Well, they are "generous" in their own way, value their pirate brotherhood.
                      It is simpler and more difficult for "land-based" ones - they have enough resources. In principle, everything is there, they do not need to strain too hard in order to basicly survive. Therefore, geopolitics are infantile. But it is even more difficult for them - they are the keepers of conservative Values. They cannot win unscrupulously, for them there is no value in such victories.
                      Have you seen the movie "The Untouchables"? Something like that.
                      But as you can see, either they squandered or go on principle and demand that Putin return power over the colony of Russia

                      Well, the resources they are pumping from Russia unreservedly, and the Central Bank of Russia - theirs, and BEAC and others.
                      Another thing is that all this is served without the kissing of colonial boots.
                      Plus there is a public disavowal of the insolent red-haired Naglo-Saxon muzzle)).
                      This is what pisses them off the Russians.
      3. +4
        July 1 2021
        The communists did something wrong

        Therefore, it is necessary to study the activities of Rhodes.

        ...
        The Vasyukin chess players listened to Ostap with filial love. Ostap suffered. He felt a surge of new strength and chess ideas.
        1. +3
          July 1 2021
          Less, as I understand it, are the Vasyukin chess players, who are haunted by the glory of the British colonialists and the dream of renaming the Vasyukovs to New London.
          1. +1
            July 1 2021
            Well, yes, we have essentially become an imperialist power, our muscles have filled with strength, and the experience of the British Empire is, oh, how necessary it is for us. laughingWe need to carry the white man's burden with dignity. smile By the way, Samsonov calls for this in his articles.
      4. +1
        July 1 2021
        And the result in Zimbabwe, South Africa? The local population, uneducated, traditionalism, vestiges, etc., came to power and everything collapsed, just as it is not sweet in other former African colonies and the rest. New Zealand, Australia, Canada will not be equated with Africa. Especially New Zealand, there they just shot the locals, in Canada and Australia, somewhere they were shooting, somewhere farther they ousted. Yes, a notable example with Grenada, bad "Marxists" came to power, the country began to revive, but Uncle Sam , returned everything to its place. And about the borders of the colonies, they were also drawn quite arbitrarily. On the territory of several African states, the same nationality can live. Hutu and Tutsi, if memory serves, not only lived in Rwanda. Or Sudan, North and South, Arabs living in the North and Negroes living in the South as a single nation and did not become a federal state. And it is simply not possible to compare the British Commonwealth and the CIS. Correctly. The property of British companies in the former colonies did not suffer much and did not suffer during the decolonization, and the property of the USSR was smashed to different national apartments, destroyed somewhere, somewhere privatized. In Tashkent and Tbilisi there were aircraft factories, Uzbekistan and Georgia were the leaders of the world aircraft industry. ? I am simply silent about the rest of the republics. The CIS is not on its last legs, it has died. It exists only on paper.
        1. VLR
          +9
          July 1 2021
          That is, after the collapse of the USSR, the life of ordinary people in a number of former republics sharply deteriorated, after the collapse of the British Empire, many former colonies degraded. In both cases, civil wars broke out here and there. But at the same time, Britain (like France), in the main, retained both influence and capital investments in the former colonies. Russia has lost both in the former republics. After that, can we say that there is no need to study the experience of the same Britain and that Cecil Rhodes is not at all interesting?
          1. +3
            July 1 2021
            Don't worry, Rhodes' experience is applied in modern Russia. To his people the truth.
            1. VLR
              +5
              July 1 2021
              It should be added: it is applied again. Because earlier in the Russian Empire the role of blacks was traditionally played by 90% of subjects, who differed from Africans only in skin color. Otherwise, it is almost the same: wholesale and retail slave trade, tyranny of serfs, complete lack of rights. Even the gentlemen and their white slaves dressed differently, ate different foods, spoke languages ​​that were incomprehensible to each other.
              1. +2
                July 1 2021
                And now the same thing, even we eat different products, who have no money from food substitutes, who have natural ones. And the rest is the same. Rhodes' experience is useful for modern Russia as never before. To adopt the boom.
      5. +5
        July 1 2021
        Quote: VlR
        The communists did something wrong, and from the best intentions

        The most important thing that they did wrong was that they committed suicide in the late 80s, which is why most of their buildings were destroyed. But in the time allotted to them, they did a lot. So much so that it is not a fact that what was destroyed after them was completely destroyed.
        Britain ruled over its colonies for much longer and was still forced to cede power over them piece by piece until it became purely nominal, while the power of the communists in the territory they controlled was strengthened, becoming stronger and taking deep roots.
        The Soviet Union did not die in the struggle against its own outskirts, or external adversaries. He committed suicide in Moscow, with joyful cries and under the stormy approval of the audience, throwing himself out of the window of history. Himself. And the outskirts, of course, scattered, looking for new owners, but where could they go?
        So, what is better in terms of the efficiency of state building - the British version or the Soviet one - is an open question.
        Rhodes' methods are those of the century before last. We have nothing to learn from him. He was, simply, a great bastard and an outstanding bastard, an excellent administrator and a vile racist, a talented manager and a cruel exploiter.
        It may not be worth demolishing his monuments, but I would not read either. Died - and thank God.
        1. VLR
          +5
          July 1 2021
          Mikhail, I suspect that the "suicidal" leaders of the USSR could no longer be called communists.
          As for Rhodes, he did nothing in Africa that went beyond the then "decency", but remained in history not as a robber of its resources, exporting the loot to the metropolis, but as a man who created a huge reserve here and gave these territories a powerful impetus for development. And he left all his fortune on the ground, the arrangement of which he devoted his life. This makes him very favorably different from our oligarchs. If I had to choose between Rhodes and Khodorkovsky or Prokhorov, I would vote for Rhodes with both hands.
          1. +5
            July 1 2021
            Here, after all, as a question to pose ... People lived on their land as they wanted, as they could. We were happy in their own way. Or, in their own way, unhappy. But in its own way. My uncle came and said: "Now it will be like this, this is so, but here we will build it. And everyone will live well." But the question is - is it for everyone? Or just your uncle and those who work for him? There is only one report - what he did was good only to the representatives of his race, even already - of his people. Did the local population need his mines, gardens and plantations? Did they need railways? But the lizards that they ate scattered, the zebras left and the white people killed all the hippos.
            Rhodes forced the local population to live by the rules of the "white master" and, most importantly, for the benefit of this white master.
            Rhodes should be compared not with Prokhorov and Khodorkovsky, but with Biden Jr. in Ukraine. These same Prokhorovs and Khodorkovsky, along with other Rotenbergs, are for us local kings like Lobengula.
            And the fact that after the "departure" of whites from some African countries, the standard of living there fell, speaks only of the fact that during their reign these same whites continued to treat the locals as cattle suitable only for the simplest and unskilled jobs. Not taught, not developed, only used. It ended sadly - for everyone.
            And about that
            Quote: VlR
            The “self-defeating” leaders of the USSR could no longer be called communists.

            so they were the most that there are real communists - firmly standing on the communist platform, orthodox and enshrined in dogmas, any deviation from which they considered not a development, but a perversion of their ideology.
            Times are changing, but the top of the USSR did not want to change, more and more pupating in their world. But these were real communists. Relics of the past, literally true to the ideas of Marx-Engels-Lenin, as they understood them.
            1. +5
              July 1 2021
              And the fact that after the "departure" of whites from some African countries, the standard of living there fell, speaks only of the fact that during their reign these same whites continued to treat the locals as cattle suitable only for the simplest and unskilled jobs. Not taught, not developed, only used. It ended sadly - for everyone.

              Ukrainian Russians were taught and developed. And if used, it was exclusively as the 5th European economy. For 30 years of independence - a purely Rhodesian sad result.
              I'm also trying to figure out what is the reason - where is its root? So far, there are not enough intelligible answers.
        2. +4
          July 1 2021
          Died - and thank God.

          Prmer Maksim Cecil - and to hell with him (s) smile
          1. +2
            July 1 2021
            Thanks to the author for an interesting and informative article, and to the forum users for no less interesting and informative comments. I read with pleasure, something I did not know before good
        3. +1
          July 1 2021
          vile racist
          Which in his day was completely normal, not vile. The same Zulu did not invade Europe just because they could not.
        4. +2
          July 1 2021
          So, what is better in terms of the efficiency of state building - the British version or the Soviet one - is an open question.

          Both are worse)
          1. +1
            July 2 2021
            Interested. Which is better?
            1. +1
              July 2 2021
              German
              American
              If for large countries / peoples.
              And so Russia and Britain is an example of what should not be done in the 20th century.
      6. 0
        July 3 2021
        Valery, yes, you are an ardent anti-Soviet: national alphabets, carried out by the "formerly oppressed" and so on. It was presented as a wise national policy.
        As a result: "we wanted the best, but it turned out as always" (c)
        Remember how the CIS was deciphered? Union of Non-Normal States ..
        “The first secretary is always a“ titular ”nationality,” the second Russian, probably to suggest to the “especially gifted,” Mark and Engels are not husband and wife. Remember the joke about the Chukchi?
  12. +7
    July 1 2021
    "France, Belgium, Holland and Switzerland combined"

    by the percentage of moonshine (c) "Green Van", I beg your pardon, inspired smile
  13. +6
    July 1 2021
    There is no doubt that Rhodes was the architect of apartheid. Do not consider me a racist, but seeing what South Africa was under the rule of whites and seeing what South Africa has become now, when the country is ruled by black aborigines, the thought involuntarily comes up that, like eugenics and apartheid, it is necessary to divide into positive and negative .. ...
    As for Ekaterina Radziwill, in Russia she is less known for her relationship with Cecil Rhodes. In Russia, she is known as a swindler who played a role in the history of the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion", which claimed that the Protocols were made by the Russians. on the instructions of the Okhranka ...
    1. VLR
      +8
      July 1 2021
      Apartheid, the system of separation, in South Africa continues to this day. Large cities have ghetto-like areas where up to 40 poor whites now live. Rich white people also live separately from blacks, because for some reason they do not want to constantly and close contact with people who are confident that HIV can be cured by rape a virgin.
      1. +3
        July 1 2021
        White rich people also live separately from blacks, because for some reason they do not want to
        they are stupidly robbed and killed. There are eerie investigative journalism in the English media. The world community does not care.
        1. +2
          July 1 2021
          Well, there is another kind of investigation.
          There was a Catholic boarding school in Cranbrook, Canada, which closed in 1970. Earlier this year, 182 unmarked graves with children's remains were found in the vicinity of the school. Then they found 751 more unnamed graves in the area next to the former boarding school for Indian children in the province of Saskatchewan, sent to these schools as part of the forced assimilation program. In late May, the remains of 215 minors were excavated at another school for Indian children in British Columbia. This news shocked the Canadian public, followed by an explosion of indignation, as usual, burned several buildings, the colored ones demand an apology from the Pope.
          You know, you can understand the war between adults and adults, but this is impossible to understand. What were they doing there with the children? According to eyewitnesses of those events, in order to change ethnic self-identification, sophisticated methods of suppressing the will were applied to children: they were systematically deprived of food and water, subjected to beatings and sexual violence, kept in unsanitary conditions and denied them medical care. And the children were dying.
          And this is not the end of the 19th century or even the beginning of the 20th. This is the Western civilization after the 2nd World War, when "the world has changed."
          Both white and colored people have reasons to hate each other. And each side is unlikely to hear the other, and it is unlikely that anything will be forgotten in the next decades.
          1. +1
            July 1 2021
            Thank you, I'm in the know. It's the same in Australia - children were also raped there. Whites are whites, by the way - the Britons had such a practice, to send "surplus" children of poor families to new colonies. This is the 19th century.
            It seems to me that this is not a "historical vendetta", something else is here.
          2. +2
            July 1 2021
            Quote: depressant
            You know, you can understand the war between adults and adults, but this is impossible to understand. What were they doing there with the children

            Take an interest in the% of child mortality at least 100 years ago ... how would it reach about 30%. Tens of thousands of children have gone through these schools for many decades. A couple of simple arithmetic calculations will completely kill another "sensation"
            1. +1
              July 1 2021
              Maybe you're right. I'm not ready to argue with you.
              1. +2
                July 1 2021
                A small addition. The fact that the boarding school was closed in the 70s does not mean that these children died in the 70s. These schools have been working for tens and hundreds of years and the bulk of the dead - long before the closure of schools.
                Walk through some surviving cemetery from the 19th or early 20th century. The proportion of children's graves is simply off scale.
                Only from the middle of the 20th century, with the beginning of mass vaccinations, the invention of various penicillins and other antibiotics, infant mortality fell from 300 deaths per 1000 births to the current 1-5. As well as the mortality of women in childbirth.
                By the way, this is a reminder to the figures screaming about natural immunity and the rejection of "demonic" chemistry so that at least sometimes they think about these numbers. 30 percent of them would not even have survived to grade 1, and not so much as to press nonsense on the forums
                1. +2
                  July 1 2021
                  Really.
                  I remember how much I had to read about the high infant mortality rate back in the 19th century. Women, as a rule, gave birth at least 10 times, but - lack of hygiene during childbirth, midwives, three, four children survived, women in labor often died. Now you can hardly hear that the woman died in childbirth. The child is already a sensation.
                  And about Canada, you need to look for details. There are also graduates there, they speak out negatively. In general, the impression is that the world is preoccupied with collecting komromat. Everyone against the rest. To understand what is happening.
                  1. +1
                    July 1 2021
                    Separating children from the family in order to give them a "civilized" upbringing was the stupidity of the then church, for which they must apologize. It was stupid and inhuman. There is nothing worse for a child than boarding schools. will give.
                    As far as strictly on mortality issues, I suspect that the mortality rate in these schools was lower than in their "native" reservations.

                    Such are the paradoxes
          3. VLR
            +2
            July 2 2021
            In Winnipeg, during the Canals Day procession, statues were thrown down to two queens - Victoria and Elizabeth II. The police, using a stun gun, arrested ... a man who dared to condemn the vandals (!).
            1. +1
              July 2 2021
              Civilization ideas have been reformatted.
              Opponents of apartheid, genocide, racial discrimination, as well as trampling on human rights and any freedoms, even the most absurd ones - these opponents - "botsuns", the creators of a new kind of civilization - promise to become much more cruel, aggressive and unjust in their protests than those they oppose.
              What is holding them back from shedding seas of blood in the struggle for new ideals? An old law enforcement system tailored to the ideals of the past. But it is already cracking under the pressure of a new type of aggression - the aggression of the "righteous")))
          4. +1
            July 4 2021
            Good afternoon, dear Lyudmila Yakovlevna and Katiusha! As often happens --- I read it belatedly. Although I saw stories about Canada much earlier. Then I cursed those who committed cruelty and murder to myself.
            And it was just now, after your comment, Lyudmila Yakovlevna itched. I read once that in the Ancient World, in different countries, married slaves were often separated, while taking away their children. For what? Why? So that the family as a unit of society could not resist. Atomized people are more defenseless.
            Those Canadian priests probably wanted it. Injury, atomization of the local population. And not in antiquity, but today.
            Similar experiments were carried out always and everywhere.
            For example, in RI. What happened.
            1. +1
              July 4 2021
              What happened. Serfs had specialties, both female and male, when it was forbidden to marry. It was not profitable for the landowner to lose a professional or to reduce production. Families could split and sell to different customers. Even the representatives of the leading Russian noble families did the same.
              They are trying to renew the destruction of the family even now in different countries with the help of juvenile police, LGBT people, propaganda of same-sex marriage, chatter about the benefits of the possibility of gender reassignment, and the like. .....
              In fact, this is a rejection of self-identity. For this, the destruction of culture, national self-identification, the destruction of states as a long-standing project. Although the Schwab's book appeared quite recently.
              1. 0
                July 4 2021
                Dima, good afternoon!)))
                This is what I did not know - about serf masters. It remains to think - what else do we not know about the origins of our atomization? Her ways? Simply amazing! And the results are observable.
                1. +1
                  July 4 2021
                  hi about specialties ----- artists, painters, architects, those who were able to learn several languages ​​or some sciences, embroiderers, lace makers, and so on .....
                  True, sometimes a compassionate gentleman, under the pressure of external circumstances, could allow something ...
                  1. +1
                    July 4 2021
                    I'll take a note of this. Creative professionals. So that they do not reproduce, do not pass genes further down the generations, so that the family's consciousness of their importance does not form.
                    1. +1
                      July 4 2021
                      winked I think the master least of all thought about genes about their direct transfer. Since there were workshops on the estates where serf children were taught painstaking professions inaccessible to everyone
                      1. +1
                        July 4 2021
                        It seems to me that you underestimate the depth of the understanding of the then society about heredity. They did not know about genes, they knew about heredity very well. Yes, the skill was passed on to children, but to strangers. The dynasty of masters has a heightened understanding of its value, self-esteem, roots are the main thing. A person with roots is a person, without roots - a toy, dependent on the powerful. The master did not need such a thing.
                        And ... remember the hundreds of thousands of photographs of ancestors that people take to the march on Victory Day. It is a need for respect.
                      2. +1
                        July 4 2021
                        ....... the master did not need ...
                        Yes, Lyudmila Yakovlevna, you are right again.
                        But --- I think that the landowners did not have a mind, but rather an instinct for self-preservation. Memory at the genetic level, how they were lifted onto a pitchfork and the estates were burned ...
                    2. +1
                      July 4 2021
                      By the way, in kindergartens in Canada, they don't say BOY or GIRL.
                      FRIEND ---- correct.
                      In general, there are now different gradations for the word - gender. But some are mistaken in them when self-identification ?????? And if you fight this, then this is obscurantism in their understanding.
                      Opponents of these genders, however, fight them in sports. ........
                      1. +1
                        July 4 2021
                        Somehow I don't face such a problem in our life. We have a lot of peoples with customs from the past centuries, and this keeps the country from the curve of gender uncertainty.
                      2. +2
                        July 4 2021
                        And it is good that neither you nor anyone else in our country has come across yet.
                        However, gradually this topic is trying to creep into us. The same Danya Milokhin, as the face of Sberbank ...... Dda different disguises ...... lately often ...
                      3. +1
                        July 4 2021
                        This means that attempts to ensure the survival of our people in the context of globalization are manifested. For example, under Rhodes, the local population was beckoned with something, but I don't think they were forced into the situation. I believe they, in accordance with their then ideas of their own benefit, went where they were skillfully and persistently driven. Or they could not go. It is now, from the height of our time, to the current "local" that the situation with their ancestors seems wild, and new ideas about fair bargaining are pushing them to destroy Rhodes' monuments. We now have almost the same, but more sophisticated situation. The West is proposing new rules for life, and a small group of our young people like this Dani will skim the cream of the money due to the novelty of their behavioral style. But then everything will return to normal. That is, unless the government issues laws that encourage "style." If it does, it will be Rhodes' situation in our attachment. The formation of a layer of consonants with the strong western invasion - first at the mental level.
                      4. +1
                        July 4 2021
                        The result is a multifaceted comment from you, Lyudmila Yakovlevna, as often happened laughing lol smile for now, I will answer this way: the West is trying to impose rules leading to atomization and suppression of will. Gender identification is one of the strongest in a person. Therefore, they try to break it. But it was not Danya himself who came to the forum? He was chosen, studied and invited by those who control financial flows. It turned out to be convenient and suitable ((according to those who chose), for example to others. You can recall the choice of Alfa-Bank.
                        Well, yes, someone left Alfa-Bank, someone abandons the Vkusville network, which promotes a large same-sex family, but where do pensioners go from savings?
                        ...... maybe I'll add something else later
  14. +3
    July 1 2021
    Valery, are you going to tell something about the Anglo-Boer War? It will be like a continuation of the theme about Cecil Rhodes
    1. VLR
      +7
      July 1 2021
      Maybe, but not now, but a little later.
      1. +4
        July 1 2021
        Maybe, but not now, but a little later.

        Here you will have to start with the very emergence and formation of the Boer quasi-state formations. Here a whole series of articles suggests itself. Not an easy and time consuming job
        1. +1
          July 1 2021
          On the one hand, it is bad: it will take a lot of time, but on the other hand, it is good - there will be a lot of interesting things.
    2. +1
      July 2 2021
      Here on VO there is an interesting series of articles "South Africa. White outlaws, or Who is waiting for Russian officers in Africa"
  15. +4
    July 1 2021
    I wonder how they haven’t demolished the Rhodes monument in Kimberley yet?
    1. VLR
      +4
      July 1 2021
      Ironically, despite the aggressive BLM-style propaganda, many in South Africa still understand how much Rhodes has done for the country. When on April 9, 2015, the monument to Rhodes was dismantled on the territory of Cape Town University, part of the land of which was donated by Rhodes, half of the students joyfully hysterical and triumphantly cheering, others stood silently with placards: "We have nothing to do with this!"
      1. +3
        July 1 2021
        An acquaintance who lived in Cape Town said that blacks also went to the monument to Van Riebeck with flowers.
      2. +2
        July 3 2021
        "WHILE they still understand," and then ... African darkness
  16. +8
    July 1 2021
    Not so long ago I happened to read about the Zulu wars, about the special ferocity of the Zulu. Yes, in fact, and other tribes - they are different there, all sorts. But as a result of propaganda, I once had quite a blissful idea of ​​the Africans as peaceful people who did not know what an internecine war was.

    In the course of a short but powerful and decisive strike by the Zulu, this part of the enemy army was destroyed. The Ndwandwe warriors who managed to cross the river lost their spears and shields and were unarmed. After destroying the enemy forces on its bank, the Zulu army crossed the river and attacked the other half of the Ndwandwe army. As a result of a fierce battle, the Ndwandwe army was completely defeated and fled. After that, Chaki (the leader of the Zulu) ordered his most recent units to make the fastest march to the capital of Ndwandwe. Two Zulu regiments arrived at Zwide's headquarters, near modern Nongom, before news of the complete defeat of Ndwandwe reached there, with the Zulu approaching the enemy camp as ordered by Chaka, singing Ndwandwe's victory songs. When the delighted women and children of Ndwandwe came out to meet what they thought were returning their troops in victory, the Zulus cut them all. The next day, the rest of the Zulu troops marched across the entire territory of the enemy, capturing herds of cattle and mercilessly killing everyone they met Ndwandwe. The surviving Ndwandwe fled north, where they settled in the headwaters of the Inkomati River, two hundred miles from the Zulu Empire. The deserted territory of Ndwandwe was annexed by the Zulu and later used by them as pastures.


    This is the beginning of the 19th century. What has changed now? Unless, instead of bows, arrows, spears and loincloths, Africa is dressed in camouflage and wages fierce inter-tribal wars with modern weapons. Yes, another invention of modern times - children's armies.

    And when Rhodes came to them, these people understood and respected only strength, and he acted in this direction. Those were the times. They are still like that. And all this talk about human rights, respect for the individual, territorial integrity is another tool for conquering the weak by the strong. This must be understood in international relations.
    1. +3
      July 1 2021
      Not so long ago I happened to read about the Zulu wars, about the special ferocity of the Zulu.
      Lyudmila Yakovlevna, read Gaius Julius, our Caesar, Notes about the Gallic war. Or about the Albigensian campaigns or how the Spaniards fought with the Dutch. And most importantly, cultured people, disfigured by civilization. The Irish, the British, in general, were not considered people. There are children, still Cromwell. scary. And you say, Zulu. smile And it seems that everyone is their own, Europeans, not Africans.
      1. +4
        July 1 2021
        Cromwell is frightened ...
        Who ruled England in the 70s of the 20th century? Under any pretext, the children were taken away from the poor, mind you, white English families, loaded in batches on ships and sent en masse to Australia to orphanages, from where they were partially disassembled into families. Others began their adult lives on their own. Some of the now old people cannot forgive the violent separation from their parents and are suing England. Indeed, the 70s were not hungry anywhere. It was not saving the children. It was the attitude of the upper class of whites to the lower class of whites as cattle. Here we come to the main thing.
    2. +2
      July 3 2021
      Lyudmila Yakovlevna, we were all brought up like this
      1. +2
        July 3 2021
        Dear Svyatoslav, I cannot but agree with you. The worst thing is that the vast majority of us have firmly adopted the habits of the lower class. And from this lower, we are now trying to build a higher, inheriting a boorish attitude towards everyone else, and these others endure, do not grumble, because they consider this to be normal.
        1. +2
          July 3 2021
          Are you by any chance a philosopher by training?
          I noticed for a long time that you are trying to "dig deep". Everything is superficial for "Tatra" and there are two colors in the world. Aster? She, too, does not lie deep, but the surface is boring to you
          1. +1
            July 3 2021
            No, my education is "engineer-physicist-researcher". The latter means that you have to dig until you get to the bottom of it)))
  17. +5
    July 1 2021
    Well, or, for example, the Somali War - the American-Ethiopian military operation against the armed formations of the Somali Union of Islamic Courts (ICU), which began in October 2006 and ended in 2009.
    Right on the day the layout is what was going on there. And the ending - no matter how it is! ICU moved on to guerrilla warfare.
    And so - throughout Africa. And the layouts of all these wars are available by day. There is always a pretext for one part of a country to declare war on another part of it. Europe has gone through a similar stage, wants peace, fears war. Africa - is passing, it is still a century old, and even more to learn lessons. And millions of "peaceful" refugees are taking unlearned lessons to Europe.
    1. +5
      July 1 2021
      There is always a pretext for one part of a country to declare war on another part of it.
      .. Like, for example, Eritrea was never part of Ethiopia. But in my opinion, by the 80s of the 19th century, it became an Italian colony. After WWII, Eritrea was cut off to Ethiopia. As a result, separated, to which two peacefully live on this territory nationalities that make up the bulk of the population and still small ethnic groups, but all together did not want to be Ethiopians and, most importantly, they do not want to cut each other, although part of the population is Christians, the other is Muslim. Another example Liberia is the poorest country in West Africa and the third largest country in the world. This is not someone's colony, it's funnier here. Somewhere in the mid-20s, the United States acquired land from local tribes for a ridiculous amount of 50 bucks and resettled freed American slaves there. This is how the Republic of Liberia was founded. Former slaves and descendants of slaves, founded Liberia, considered themselves "Americans" and began to enslave and sell the aborigines of the indigenous tribes, declaring them to be third-class people. If you look at the ethnic composition, Liberians make up about 2%, and the rest of the local tribes (speak different languages, state English). Ethiopia and Libera are two independent African states that have not been colonized.
      1. +5
        July 1 2021
        Yes, Alexey, this very Liberia looks like an anecdote. Well, what people have been taught, what they have learned since childhood, they reproduce. Be it at least the mechanism of slavery.
        1. +5
          July 1 2021
          Yes, Liberia was founded in the 19th century, and at the end of the 90s, in the 20th century, an interethnic civil war broke out there, and it is still not calm there. Africa is a seething cauldron, nations and nationalities are still brewing there.
  18. +6
    July 1 2021
    Or, for example, what the British South African Company (BUAC) faced. Do you think you came to the quiet, peaceful Africans and began to press them harshly by chopping off the hands of the recalcitrant? By the way, this is the own custom of the African tribes, quite understandable for them and, as it were, acceptable.
    Yes, they began to exploit the Ndebele, which they did not oppose at all, receiving in return some attractive nishtyaks that would be impossible without the arrival of whites. But the leader of the neighboring Matabele tribe named Lobengula, who had previously taken tribute from the Ndebele, and they refused to pay it, being protected by the law on immigrants to the trading post, decided that this would not work, and opened military action against the Ndebele, but in reality - against the whites ...
    How did it end?

    Lobengula's army had 80,000 spearmen and 20,000 riflemen armed with the 9-pound Peabody-Martini rifles, which were the modern weapon of the day. However, the level of preparation for the use of this weapon was insufficient, and therefore it was used ineffectively.


    Still not weak, huh? The chief sent

    a detachment of several thousand people to bring the vassal to obedience. BUAC, wishing to maintain the confidence of the local population, demanded that the Matabele leave the occupied settlements immediately. This demand was rejected.

    Jameson and Rhodes spent the next two months assembling the expeditionary force, and on October 16, 1893, they set out from Fort Salisbury and Fort Victoria. An army of about 700 people, led by Major P. Forbes, had 5 Maxim machine guns at its disposal. Having united, Forbes' forces moved southwest, towards the capital of Matabele in Bulawayo, where 700 Bamangwato warriors were sent from the south under the command of Khama III.
    On October 25, the Matabele tried to stop the advance near the Shangani River, however, despite a significant numerical superiority, they were forced to retreat, losing 1,500 men to 4 from the British. On November 1, at Bembezi, 2,000 Matabele shooters and 4,000 spearmen were again unable to withstand the Maxim machine guns - this time the losses amounted to about 2,500 people.

    Having received news of a new crushing defeat at Bembezi, Lobengula burned and left his capital. The Europeans entered the remains of the city the next day. On November 13, Major Forbes began pursuing Lobengula. On December 3, Major A. Wilson's detachment was ambushed north of the Shangani River; 34 of 31 people died. Among the survivors was the famous traveler F. Burnham.

    On January 22 or 23, 1894, Lobengula died suddenly, after which the war ended, and the Matabele obeyed the BYUAC.
    1. +4
      July 1 2021
      You know, it reminded of the conflicts between the Novgorod Republic, the Swedes and the knightly order, Livonian, they, too, Finns, Karelians and the Baltic tribes did not share who was supposed to pay tribute to whom.
      1. +2
        July 1 2021
        Well, those were the times when scarce farming didn’t meet the needs of the management elite. Tributaries were needed. And, according to my estimates, everyone went to the south for tribute, since the yield is higher in the south. The Scandinavians came down to us for tribute, we followed her further south. The Middle Ages were marked by the fact that they began to walk not only along geographical parallels, but also along latitudes. Everything gradually got mixed up. And then there were Trans-national corporations that go everywhere)))
    2. +1
      July 3 2021
      Lyudmila Yakovlevna, where to read about Lobanguly?
      1. 0
        July 3 2021
        Unfortunately, I have already deleted the bookmark, because my phone starts to slow down if there are a lot of bookmarks. But I gave a request to googol something like this: "wars in Africa in the 19th-20th centuries." There are a lot of materials there.
        1. 0
          July 3 2021
          "we will search" (c)
  19. +3
    July 1 2021
    Class! Such illustrations for the article! To the author, Valery hi good
  20. +1
    July 2 2021
    A very important story. But it is not only and not so much about diamonds as about the creation of a political grouping to conquer the world by hybrid methods.
  21. 0
    July 2 2021
    depressant (lyudmila yakovlevna kuznetsova), dear. Where's the quote about Chuck from? In 1976 or 1977, now I don’t remember exactly, I was vacationing with my mother’s sister in Feodosia in the summer, my uncle was transferred to Feodosia from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky in the early 70s. They did not have a bad library, about Chaka-Zulu I found a book from the ZhZL series. I "swallowed" the book of the day 3-4, before that I knew nothing about Chuck and his state ...
  22. Fat
    +1
    July 3 2021
    Rhodes can also add the creation of the first armored trains ... armored cars appeared in his time ...
    so trifle, as it were.
    1. 0
      July 3 2021
      Concerning armored trains. It seems that Shirokorad argued that they first appeared during the war: North-South?
      The first Russian armored trains -: "Manzhur"?
      1. Fat
        0
        July 3 2021
        Slav, I will not argue. But Rhodes used armored cars on a massive scale, he also built roads ...
  23. 0
    July 3 2021
    Quote: depressant
    No, my education is "engineer-physicist-researcher". The latter means that you have to dig until you get to the bottom of it)))

    Which university. If it `s not a secret?

"Right Sector" (banned in Russia), "Ukrainian Insurgent Army" (UPA) (banned in Russia), ISIS (banned in Russia), "Jabhat Fatah al-Sham" formerly "Jabhat al-Nusra" (banned in Russia) , Taliban (banned in Russia), Al-Qaeda (banned in Russia), Anti-Corruption Foundation (banned in Russia), Navalny Headquarters (banned in Russia), Facebook (banned in Russia), Instagram (banned in Russia), Meta (banned in Russia), Misanthropic Division (banned in Russia), Azov (banned in Russia), Muslim Brotherhood (banned in Russia), Aum Shinrikyo (banned in Russia), AUE (banned in Russia), UNA-UNSO (banned in Russia), Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People (banned in Russia), Legion “Freedom of Russia” (armed formation, recognized as terrorist in the Russian Federation and banned)

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